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Can J Nurs Res ; : 844562119840172, 2019 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947519


BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education strategies are becoming more prevalent as nursing schools integrate interprofessional practice activities into their curricula. PURPOSE: This paper presents the results of a federally funded project to deliver online interprofessional education to nursing students on screening for alcohol and substance use in rural areas, in which their perceptions about interprofessional education were measured. METHODS: A quasi-experimental within-subjects repeated measures design was utilized. Students in the bachelor or associate degree program were recruited from two rural nursing schools. A demographic questionnaire, Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Questionnaire, Drug and Drug Problems Questionnaire, and Interprofessional Education Perception Scale were utilized. General linear modeling was used to determine changes in these measurements over time. Data collection was performed at pretraining, posttraining, and following an online interprofessional dialogue. RESULTS: The study consisted of 89 nursing students. The participants were 87% female (n = 77/89) and 91% white (n = 81/89); their mean age was 24.9 years (standard deviation = 10.36). Analysis of evaluation questionnaires demonstrated increased levels of confidence in working with patients who consume alcohol or other drugs and on certain aspects of interprofessional education. CONCLUSION: Online interprofessional preservice education holds the potential to positively increase nursing students' confidence in working with patients and to increase their interprofessional practice.

Am J Infect Control ; 47(7): 780-785, 2019 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723028


BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a leading cause of hospital-associated infections. Antibiotic stewardship, environmental disinfection, and reduction of transmission via health care workers are the major modes of CDI prevention within hospitals. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the environment in the spread of CDI within hospital rooms. Bed tracing of positive-CDI inpatients was performed to detect the strength of association to specific rooms. Environmental cultures were conducted to identify adequacy of environmental C difficile (CD) spores. Whole-genome sequencing was performed to evaluate the degree of CD relatedness. RESULTS: Bed tracing performed for 211 CDI patients showed a limited list of high-burden rooms. Environmental cultures for surfaces disinfected with a sporicidal agent were almost entirely negative, whereas the floors were positive for CDI in 15% of the studied patient rooms. Whole-genome sequencing did not detect any close genetic relatedness. CONCLUSIONS: Unlike in an outbreak setting, bed tracing did not yield conclusive results of room reservoirs. The C diff Banana Broth culture was inexpensive, sensitive, and easy to incubate under aerobic conditions. Sporicidal disinfectants were effective in eliminating CD from the environment. CD spores were found on floors and hard-to-clean surfaces.

J Interprof Care ; 30(4): 542-4, 2016 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27295396


Interprofessional collaborative practice expands resources in rural and underserved communities. This article explores the impact of an online education programme on the perceptions of healthcare providers about interprofessional care within alcohol and drug use screening for rural residents. Nurses, behavioural health counsellors, and public health professionals participated in an evidence-based practice (screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment-SBIRT) model that targets individuals who use alcohol and other drugs in a risky manner. SBIRT is recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force as a universal, evidence-based screening tool. Online modules, case simulation practice, and interprofessional dialogues are used to deliver practice-based learning experiences. A quasi-experimental method with pre-tests and post-tests was utilised. Results indicate increased perceptions of professional competence, need for cooperation, actual cooperation, and role values pre-to-post training. Implications suggest that online interprofessional education is useful but the added component of professional dialogues regarding patient cases offers promise in promoting collaborative practice.

Conducta Cooperativa , Personal de Salud/educación , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Tamizaje Masivo , Detección de Abuso de Sustancias , Adulto , Práctica Clínica Basada en la Evidencia , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Población Rural , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos