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1.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 2): 259-265, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826219

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to understand the life experiences that favor transcendence of the elderly being. METHOD: a qualitative phenomenological hermeneutic study, in two groups of elderly coexistence. The selection of participants was by intentional sampling: 11 elderly, achieving theoretical saturation. Data collection was carried out through a phenomenological interview with a detonating question. Ethical principles of the General Health Law in health research were fulfilled. Analysis with Heideggerian hermeneutic circle was performed. RESULTS: unity of meaning on the consciousness of a higher power for transcendence is highlighted, where spirituality and religiosity are resources of the elderly for strength, feel protected, overcome difficult situations and reach fullness; both favor the understanding of their historicity by manifesting enlightenment. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: transcendence of the elderly being is favored with spirituality and the experiences of their daily life are imbued with a spiritual and religious relationship that give meaning to their existence.

2.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03476, 2019 Jul 29.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365724

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To understand the life experiences that favor the plenitude and transcendence of the elderly being. METHOD: Qualitative study of hermeneutical phenomenological approach. It was conducted from January 2014 to March 2017 in two social groups for seniors. Selection of participants was by intentional sampling with information saturation. Characteristics of participants: men or women aged 60 years and over. Data collection through a phenomenological interview. Study in compliance with the General Law of Health, Subject of Health Research and the Declaration of Helsinki. Analysis through the Heidegger's hermeneutic circle: Pre-understanding, understanding and interpretation. RESULTS: Units of meaning arose. Ontologically, seniors are revealed in their historicity and temporality, emphasize fear and anguish in their daily life, and fall into a feeling of nothing with the need to be authentic that is achieved through care. This understanding of the being is transcendence, and its manifestation is enlightenment. CONCLUSION: Transcendence is favored by care in the life cycle. Nursing as a science of care can promote actions that facilitate the reach of the encounter of seniors at different stages of their lives.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/psicología , Envejecimiento Saludable/psicología , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Anciano , Femenino , Hermenéutica , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermería/organización & administración , Investigación Cualitativa
3.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03476, 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1013178

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the life experiences that favor the plenitude and transcendence of the elderly being. Method: Qualitative study of hermeneutical phenomenological approach. It was conducted from January 2014 to March 2017 in two social groups for seniors. Selection of participants was by intentional sampling with information saturation. Characteristics of participants: men or women aged 60 years and over. Data collection through a phenomenological interview. Study in compliance with the General Law of Health, Subject of Health Research and the Declaration of Helsinki. Analysis through the Heidegger's hermeneutic circle: Pre-understanding, understanding and interpretation. Results: Units of meaning arose. Ontologically, seniors are revealed in their historicity and temporality, emphasize fear and anguish in their daily life, and fall into a feeling of nothing with the need to be authentic that is achieved through care. This understanding of the being is transcendence, and its manifestation is enlightenment. Conclusion: Transcendence is favored by care in the life cycle. Nursing as a science of care can promote actions that facilitate the reach of the encounter of seniors at different stages of their lives.


RESUMO Objetivo: Compreender as experiências de vida que favorecem a plenitude e transcendência do ser-adulto idoso. Método: Estudo qualitativo com enfoque fenomenológico-hermenêutico. Foi realizado de janeiro de 2014 a março de 2017 em dois grupos de convivência de idosos. Seleção de participantes por amostragem intencional com saturação de informação. As características dos participantes foram: ter 60 anos ou mais, homens ou mulheres. Coleta de dados por meio de entrevista fenomenológica. Foi cumprida a Lei Geral da Saúde, Matéria de Pesquisa em Saúde e a Declaração de Helsinki. Análise por meio do círculo hermenêutico heideggeriano: Pré-compreensão, Compreensão e Interpretação. Resultados: Onticamente surgiram unidades de significado. Ontologicamente o ser-adulto idoso é revelado na sua historicidade e temporalidade, destacando na sua cotidianidade o temor e a angústia, caindo em um sentimento de nada com necessidade de ser autêntico, obtido por meio do cuidado; essa compreensão do ser é transcendência, cuja manifestação é a iluminação. Conclusão: A transcendência é favorecida com o cuidado no ciclo vital; a enfermagem como ciência do cuidado pode promover ações que facilitem o encontro do ser-adulto idoso em diferentes etapas da sua vida.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comprender las experiencias de vida que favorecen la plenitud y trascendencia del ser-adulto mayor. Método: Estudio cualitativo con enfoque fenomenológico hermenéutico. Se llevó a cabo de enero 2014 a marzo 2017 en dos grupos de convivencia de adultos mayores. Selección de participantes por muestreo intencional con saturación de información. Características de participantes fueron: tener 60 años y más, hombres o mujeres. Recolección de datos mediante entrevista fenomenológica. Cumplió con la Ley General de Salud, Materia de Investigación en Salud y la Declaración de Helsinki. Análisis a través del círculo hermenéutico heideggeriano: Pre-comprensión, Comprensión e Interpretación. Resultados: Ónticamente surgieron unidades de significado. Ontológicamente el ser-adulto mayor es desvelado en su historicidad y temporalidad, destacando en su cotidianidad el temor y angustia, cayendo en un sentimiento de nada con necesidad de ser auténtico, logrado a través del cuidado; esta comprensión del ser es trascendencia cuya manifestación es la iluminación. Conclusión: La trascendencia se favorece con cuidado en el ciclo vital, enfermería como ciencia del cuidado puede promover acciones que faciliten alcanzar el encuentro del ser-adulto mayor en diferentes etapas de su vida.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Filosofía en Enfermería , Anciano , Hermenéutica , Entrevista , Investigación Cualitativa
4.
Rev. sanid. mil ; 72(3/4): 223-230, may.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1004493

RESUMEN

Resumen Las necesidades psicoemocionales en los ancianos es un tema que ha cobrado interés recientemente; estudios relacionados hacen referencia al vínculo entre los problemas psicoemocionales y la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. El objetivo fue determinar las necesidades psicoemocionales más frecuentes en ancianos hospitalizados (AH) en el sector público. Estudio cuantitativo descriptivo, no experimental y transversal con 49 ancianos. Los resultados indicaron niveles bajos de ansiedad (68%) y depresión (98%), altos niveles de soporte social (89%) y calidad de vida (98%), y nivel medio de autoestima (92%). Se observó correlación positiva entre ansiedad y depresión (r = 0.547 p = 0.000), así como negativa entre depresión, autoestima y calidad de vida (r = 0.579 p = 0.000 y r = 0.399 p = 0.005). La depresión fluctuó en 33.5% (r2 ) de los casos ante la variación en la autoestima. Se concluye que la necesidad psicoemocional más frecuente es fortalecer la autoestima y disminuir la ansiedad, sobre todo en mujeres (52.38% con niveles moderado o grave). Se propone acompañamiento psicológico de primer nivel y uso de una batería para tamizaje de aplicación rápida por parte del personal de salud.


Abstract The psycho-emotional needs of the elderly are a topic that has gained recent interest; related studies refer to the link between psychoemotional problems and the quality of life of the elderly. The objective was to determine the most frequent psychoemotional needs of elderly people in hospital (EPIH) in the public sector. A quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental, cross-sectional study of 49 elderly people. The results indicated low levels of anxiety (68%) and depression (98%), high levels of social support (89%) and quality of life (98%), and average self-esteem (92%). Positive correlation was observed between anxiety and depression (r = 0.547 p = 0.000), as well as negative correlation between depression, self-esteem and quality of life (r = 0.579 p = 0.000 and r = 0.399 p = 0.005). Depression varied in 33.5% (r2) of cases due to variation in self-esteem. We conclude that the most frequent psychoemotional need is to strengthen self-esteem and reduce anxiety, especially in women (52.38% with moderate or severe levels). First-level psychological support and the use of a battery for rapid screening by health personnel is proposed.

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