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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 9-13, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023712

RESUMEN

Cold injury is very damaging. This article summarizes the mechanism, types, and rehabilitation of cold injury, focusing on the degree and clinical treatment of frostbite. Frostbite can mainly cause damage of microcirculation and capillary structure, while burn injury can mainly cause damage of cutaneous tissues. Based on this, the key point of management of frostbite is to improve microcirculation and appropriate rewarming, while that of burn injury is wound repair. Up to date, the rate of amputation caused by frostbite is still high, and the rehabilitation for sequela caused by frostbite remains a big challenge in modern medicine. It is worth paying more attention to.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Congelación de Extremidades , Amputación , Humanos , Microcirculación , Recalentamiento
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(0): E005, 2020 Feb 17.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064855

RESUMEN

The epidemiological history and clinical characteristics of 7 cases of COVID-19 and 1 case of close contact in the first family aggregation epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu Province were analyzed. The first patient A developed on January 22, 2020, with a history of residence in Wuhan, and confirmed severe cases of NCP on January 24, 2020; patient B, on January 23, 2020, diagnosed on January 31, severe cases; patient C, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient D, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient E, on January 24, diagnosed on January 28; patient F, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 31; Patient G was asymptomatic and was diagnosed on January 31. In close contact, H was asymptomatic, PCR test was negative and asymptomatic, and he was discharged early. Among the 7 patients, 1 case died of (B) aggravation, and the other patients' condition was effectively controlled after active treatment. Except for the discharged cases, 5 cases were positive for COVID-19 specific IgM antibody and 1 case was negative. In this clustering outbreak, 4 patients remained asymptomatic, but PCR and IgM antibodies were positive, indicating that asymptomatic patients may be the key point to control the epidemic. Specific IgM antibody screening for patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test is negative but with ground glass-like lung lesions is very important for early detection and early isolation.

3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(1): 50-54, 2020 Jan 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023769

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the clinical features and risk factors of hepatic injury due to immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) therapy in malignant tumor. Methods: Data of 112 patients (64 men and 48 women) who received CPI between January 2016 and March 2019 in Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Shenzhen Hospital, and Huazhong University of Science and Techology Union Shenzhen Hospital were retrospectively collected. The median age of these patients was 60 years. Results: Hepatic adverse events were observed in 30 patients out of 112 patients (26.8%). Among them, the incidence of grade 3-5 hepatic adverse events were 7.14% (8/112). The median time of hepatic adverse event occurrence was 3 weeks (2-30) after undergoing therapy. The results of univariate and multivariate analyses showed that liver cancer was attributed to the CPI induced hepatitis (P<0.05). Patients with severe hepatic injury got almost complete resolution after receiving methlprednisolone for 4 to 6 weeks. Conclusion: Live cancer is the risk factor of CPI-related hepatic adverse events.


Asunto(s)
Inmunoterapia , Hepatopatías , Neoplasias , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunoterapia/efectos adversos , Hígado , Hepatopatías/etiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 43-50, 2020 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071462

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the uptake of exosomes by stem cells from apical papilla (SCAP), thus to provide experimental basis for mechanism of the exosomes endocytosis by SCAP. METHODS: (1) Exosomes of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were isolated by hypercentrifugation combined with ultrafiltration method. The exosomes were identified by transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and western blot. (2) PKH-26 membrane labeling technology was used to mark the DPSCs derived exosomes. The labeled exosomes were co-cultured with SCAP at 37 °C as positive control group, and co-cultured with SCAP at 4 °C as the low-temperature treatment group, while the negative control group was set up. (3) Using clathrin-mediated endocytosis inhibitor chlorpromazine (CPZ, 10 µmol /L) as CPZ group, caveolae-mediated endocytosis Genistein (200 µmol/L) as Genistein group, and macropinocytosis inhibitor LY294002 (50 µmol/L) as LY294002 group to treat the SCAP respectively. Solvent control group (DMSO group) was set. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the red fluorescence SCAP and flow cytometry was used to analyze the proportion of SCAP labeled with red fluorescence. RESULTS: (1) The bilayer membrane and cup-shaped appearance of representative exosomes were observed. The peak of the size of DPSCs-derived exosomes was at 144 nm. The exosomes expressed exosomal marker proteins TSG101 and CD63, but not GAPDH which was the cellular internal control protein. (2) Immunofluorescence staining showed that after being co-cultured at 37 °C for 6 hours, red fluorescence could be detected in SCAP but it could not be detected after being co-cultured at 4 °C for 6 hours. After endocytosis inhibition, the red fluorescence in SCAP was reduced. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of SCAP labeled with red fluorescence in positive group was 35.0%, in negative control group was 0.5%, and in solvent control group was 29.7%, in CPZ group, Genistein group and Genistein group were reduced to 13.7%, 16.6%, and 20.9%, respectively. CONCLUSION: SCAP could uptake the DPSCs derived exosomes, and low temperature could inhibit this process. The exosomes uptake of SCAP was mediated by the clathrin endocytosis pathway, caveolae-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis pathway.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , Papila Dental , Endocitosis , Células Epiteliales , Células Madre
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(2): 129-132, 2020 Feb 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074697

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the association between the frequency of prenatal care in childbearing aged women and risk of small for gestational age (SGA) among neonatal twins in Shaanxi Province. Methods: From July to December 2013, a total of 30 027 childbearing aged women, who were pregnant from January 2010 to November 2013 and had definite outcomes, were selected from 30 districts (counties) of Shaanxi Province by using the multi-stage random sampling method. The questionnaires with a face-to-face survey method were used to retrospectively collect demographic information, pregnancy history, lifestyle during pregnancy, disease history, nutritional supplements, and health care during pregnancy. Information on the gestational age and birth weight of the newborn were obtained by consulting the medical certificate of birth and were registered as twin A and twin B by birth order. Finally, 356 childbearing aged women and their twin babies with complete data were included in the analysis. A generalized estimation equation model was used to analyze the association between the frequency of prenatal care and the risk of SGA among neonatal twins. Results: The age of childbearing aged women was (27.44±4.68) years old, of which 79.49% (283 women) were rural residents and 44.38% (158 women) had seven or more times prenatal care. The gestational age and birth weight were (37.64±2.51) weeks and (2 510±497) g, respectively. The prevalence of SGA was 51.40% (183/356) for twin A and 53.37% (190/356) for twin B, respectively. The prevalence of SGA was 44.30% (70/158) for twin A with seven or more times prenatal care and 42.41% (67/158) for twin B with seven or more times prenatal care, which was lower than that for twins with less than seven times prenatal care, respectively [57.07% (113/198) and 62.12% (123/198)] (P values were 0.017 and <0.001). The results of generalized estimation equation model suggested that compared to those with less than seven times prenatal care, after adjusting for parity, birth order, place of residence, maternal age, occupation, education, family wealth index, passive smoking, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, folic acid, and iron supplement during perinatal period, and gender of the newborn, the OR (95%CI) of risk of SGA among childbearing aged women with seven or more times prenatal care was 0.60 (0.40-0.91). Conclusion: Seven or more times prenatal care could reduce the risk of SGA among neonatal twins in Shanxi Province.

6.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072733

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This mixed methods study evaluates the use and perceptions of a novel video genre of authentic, in-the-moment expert-student dialogue to support student preparation for a summative clinical competence assessment. METHODS: Expert-student dialogue videos were available on the university learning management system (Moodle) for self-directed access for a fixed prosthodontics course. These comprised 3 categories of video relating to dialogic episodes of previous student's performance relating to a clinical competence assessment. These were: case suitability, case discussion and self-evaluation. 14 students who were taking the competence test and had watched the supporting videos were invited for focus group interviews. 12 students participated in three focus groups within 24 hours of the assessment and the audio recordings were analyzed. A thematic analysis was performed using an inductive approach. Video access data was also retrieved and analyzed based on when the videos were watched. RESULTS: Three key themes were identified: assessment preparation, enhanced learning and affordance phenomena. By accessing the videos, students gained insights into the case suitability, assessment process and criteria, and the examiners' expectations. They reported reduced uncertainty and stress, improved confidence, and better preparedness for the assessment. Students also reported this video genre stimulated higher-order thinking and provided a broader clinical experience. A diverse array of viewing patterns were observed immediately before the assessment and across the year. For the focus group of students, they watched 65% of all their videos for the prosthodontics course one week before their competency testing periods. CONCLUSION: The expert-student dialogue videos that captured peers clinical competence tests improved students' assessment literacy, increased their assessment preparedness, reduced stress and enriched their learning.

7.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327119897111, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957486

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to study the correlation between neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and soluble CD14 subtype (presepsin) on the severity and prognosis evaluation of acute paraquat poisoning (APP) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 120 APP patients who were divided into three groups: light (28 cases), moderate (52 cases), and heavy poisoning (40 cases) groups. Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls. RESULTS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurred in 86 APP patients (71.7%, 86 of 120). In AKI group, urine NGAL was elevated 3 h after treatment, serum NGAL was elevated 24 h after treatment, and serum creatine (SCr) was elevated 2 days after treatment, which were all significantly higher than non-AKI group. Compared with control group, there were significant differences in presepsin and acute physiology and chronic health status (APACHE) II score of different poisoning groups. There were significant differences in detection indices 24 h, 3 days, and 7 days after treatment among different poisoning groups. There was a positive correlation between urine NGAL and serum paraquat concentration, urine NGAL, and AKI morbidity (r 1 = 0.974, r 2 = 0.766, p < 0.001), suggesting higher urine NGAL level indicated higher AKI morbidity. Receiver operating characteristic curves analysis suggested serum presepsin level and urine NGAL level had higher sensitivity and specificity than APACHE II score when predicting 28-day mortality of APP patients. CONCLUSION: Serum and urine NGAL level is elevated earlier than SCr, which is important for the early diagnosis of APP. Serum presepsin and urine NGAL levels can be used as markers to diagnose the severity of AKI and predict the mortality of APP patients.

8.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965646

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Post-discharge optimal growth and nutritional intake have beneficial effects for neurodevelopment in preterm very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) with extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR). The present study aimed to compare the effects of a nutrient-dense formula (NDF) to a post-discharge formula (PDF) on post-discharge growth of preterm VLBWIs with EUGR. METHODS: Forty-eight preterm VLBWIs with EUGR at discharge were randomised to receive NDF (100 kcal per 100 mL; 2.6 g protein per 100 mL) or PDF (74 kcal per 100 mL; 1.95 g protein per 100 mL) for 1-6 months until body weight reached the 50th percentile on growth charts with corrected age. Volume, nutrient intake, anthropometry and biochemistry data were collected. RESULTS: Volume intake was lower in the NDF group than the PDF group during the first 2 months of feeding (P = 0.039 and 0.018, respectively).There were no significant differences in volume intake during months 2-6 of feeding. Energy, protein, carbohydrate and fat intake were higher in the NDF group during months 1-6 of feeding. There were no significant differences in weight, length, and head circumference Z-scores during months 1-6 between the two groups. The △length Z-score from discharge to month 6 was significantly higher in the NDF group than the PDF group (P = 0.043). No differences existed between the two groups with respect to biochemistry. CONCLUSIONS: After discharge, preterm VLBWIs with EUGR fed a NDF gain anthropometric parameter Z-scores similar to those for a PDF within 6 months of follow-up. A NDF leading to gain in length requires further follow-up.

10.
Neoplasma ; 67(1): 15-26, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607135

RESUMEN

Glycogen synthase kinase beta (GSK3ß) is considered as a promising target for lung cancer treatment and its inhibitor lithium chloride (LiCl) is widely regarded as having potent anti-proliferative and apoptosis-modulating activities. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), as an auxiliary protein for DNA polymerase delta, which regulates DNA replication and repair, has been reported to play an important role in regulating apoptosis. Here, we showed that GSK3ß interacted with PCNA in H1299 lung adenocarcinoma cells using GST pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation experiments. We discovered that their interaction can be enhanced within the first 3 h after UVC irradiation and decreased gradually with time. Overexpression of PCNA protein decreased GSK3ß Ser9 phosphorylation, whereas knockdown of PCNA using small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased Ser9 phosphorylated GSK3ß, which was attenuated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 after UVC irradiation, indicating the involvement of the PI3K-AKT pathway. Functional analyses suggested that downregulation of PCNA sensitized H1299 cells to LiCl-induced apoptosis. Thus, our results unraveled a novel regulatory of GSK3ß by PCNA and provided a promising direction for treatment of lung cancer.

11.
Insect Mol Biol ; 29(1): 92-103, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456272

RESUMEN

Ninety-four putative G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) were identified in the Musca domestica genome. They were annotated and compared with their homologues in Drosophila melanogaster. Phylogenetic analyses of the GPCRs from both species revealed that several family members shared a closer relationship based on the domain architecture. The expression profiles of these genes were examined by quantitative real-time PCR amongst three strains of the house fly, a near-isogenic line strain with imidacloprid resistance (N-IRS), the corresponding susceptible strain (CSS) and another strain derived from field populations with imidacloprid resistance (IRS). We found that five GPCR genes were upregulated in the N-IRS and eight GPCR genes were upregulated in the IRS strains compared to the CSS strain. The transgenic lines of D. melanogaster with the GPCR genes (LOC101899380 in the N-IRS strain and LOC101895664 in the IRS strain) exhibited significantly increased tolerance to imidacloprid, and higher expression of cytochrome P450 genes. Bioinformatic analysis of LOC101899380 was carried out based on its full-length nucleic acid sequence and putative amino acid sequence, and it was named Methuselah-like10 (Mthl10) owing to its homology with D. melanogaster Mthl10. A cell-base cell counting kit-8 toxicity assay demonstrated that the expression of the GPCR gene LOC101899380 in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells using a baculovirus-mediated expression system can elevate the cell tolerance to imidacloprid, indirectly supporting the hypothesis that the GPCR gene LOC101899380 plays some role in imidacloprid resistance. These results should be useful for furthering understanding of the regulatory pathway by which house flies develop resistance.

12.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 101(2): 91-100, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375430

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of deep learning to differentiate pancreatic diseases on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) images with the aid of generative adversarial network (GAN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 504 patients who underwent T1-weighted contrast-enhanced MR examinations before any treatments were included in this retrospective study. First, the MRI examinations of 398 patients (215 men, 183 women; mean age, 59.14±12.07 [SD] years [range: 16-85 years]) from one hospital were used as the training set. Then the MRI examinations of 50 (26 men, 24women; mean age, 58.58±13.64 [SD] years [range: 24-85 years]) and 56 (30 men, 26 women; mean age, 59.13±11.35 [SD] years [range: 26-80 years]) consecutive patients from two hospitals were separately collected as the internal and external validation sets. An InceptionV4 network was trained on the training set augmented by synthetic images from GANs. Classification performance of trained InceptionV4 network for every patch and every patient were made on both validation sets, respectively. The prediction agreement between convolutional neural network (CNN) and radiologist was measured by the Cohen's kappa coefficient. RESULTS: The patch-level average accuracy and the micro-averaging area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of InceptionV4 network were 71.56% and 0.9204 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.9165-0.9308) for the internal validation set, and 79.46% and 0.9451 (95%CI: 0.9320-0.9523) for the external validation set, respectively. The patient-level average accuracy and the micro-averaging AUC of InceptionV4 network were 70.00% and 0.8250 (95%CI: 0.8147-0.8326) for the internal validation, 76.79% and 0.8646 (95%CI: 0.8489-0.8772) for the external validation set, respectively. Evaluated by human reader, the average accuracy and micro-averaging AUC for internal and external validation sets were 82.00% and 0.8950 (95%CI: 0.8817-0.9083), 83.93% and 0.9063 (95%CI: 0.8968-0.9212), respectively. The Cohen's kappa coefficients between InceptionV4 network and human reader for the internal and external invalidation sets were 0.8339 (95%CI: 0.6991-0.9447) and 0.8862 (95%CI: 0.7759-0.9738), respectively. CONCLUSION: Deep learning using CNN and GAN had the potential to differentiate pancreatic diseases on contrast-enhanced MR images.

13.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 37(11): 839-842, 2019 Nov 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826550

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigation on the occupational hazardous factors exposed to the female workers, from 14 prefectures and municipalities in Gansu province. Methods: The survey was conducted from June to October 2015. A total of 8 538 female employees from 30 enterprises in 14 prefectures and cities of the province were selected by cluster sampling method. The occupational hazard factors were investigated and analyzed statistically. Results: The survey found that the proportion of female workers in Gansu province who are exposed to chemical and physical harmful factors at the same time is relatively large. Most female workers are exposed to 2-4 occupational hazards, and women who are exposed to 3 and 4 chemical harmful factors account for 28.8 % and 38.0 %, respectively. Women workers who were exposed to two or three physical factors at the same time accounted for 59.44 per cent, while 61.5% were exposed to two biological factors at the same time. The number of female workers exposed to two or three physical factors at the same time and the number of four and five physical factors at the same time after being tested by χ(2). The difference is statistically significant (χ(2)= 8.17, P<0.05) . The difference in the number of female workers who simultaneously exposed 3 and 4 chemical factors and simultaneously exposed 2 and 5 or more chemical factors is statistically significant (χ(2)=11.26, P<0.05) . There was no significant difference in the exposure of female workers to biological factors. Conclusion: This survey shows that the exposure of female workers in Gansu Province to occupational hazards is not optimistic. We should strengthen enterprise supervision and improve the working environment and conditions of female workers.


Asunto(s)
Exposición Profesional , Femenino , Humanos , Enfermedades Profesionales/prevención & control , Exposición Profesional/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1363-1368, 2019 Nov 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838805

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze and compare the disease burden of falls in Chinese population aged 0-19, in 1990 and 2017. Methods: Indicators including number of deaths, mortality rates, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD) and disability-adjusted of life years (DALY), on falls, were gathered from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 and used to describe the disease burden and corresponding parameters on falls, between 1990 and 2017, in China. Results: In 2017, number of death, YLLs, YLDs, DALYs caused by falls were 5 321, 0.43 million person years, 0.14 million person years and 0.57 million person years respectively, among aged 0-19 group. Rates on standardized mortality, YLLs, YLDs and DALYs on falls were 1.76/100 000, 141.49/100 000, 46.99/100 000, and 188.48/100 000, respectively. The burden of falls decreased with the increase of age. Compared with 1990, disease burden of falls decreased in all age groups, both in male and female, with more seen in the lower age groups. Compared with 1990, the number of deaths, rates on YLLs, YLDs and DALYs caused by falls decreased by 65.08%, 46.63%, 47.38% and 36.33% respectively, in 2017. However, the YLDs rate increased by 73.31% between 1990 and 2017. The ratio of YLLs to DALYs decreased from 90.84% in 1990 to 75.07% in 2017, with a proportion as 17.36%. Conclusion: Compared with 1990, although the disease burden of falls among aged 0-19 group showed a decreasing trend, falls still caused serious disease burden for the aged 0-19 group. Research that targeting prevention on falls, should be continued.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes por Caídas , Personas con Discapacidad/estadística & datos numéricos , Mortalidad Prematura , Años de Vida Ajustados por Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Carga Global de Enfermedades , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Adulto Joven
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1381-1385, 2019 Nov 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838808

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the current situation of road traffic injuries among primary and secondary school students in Mengzi city. Methods: Using the cluster random sampling method, more than 9 000 primary and secondary school students from 20 primary and secondary schools in Mengzi city, were randomly sampled. A questionnaire survey was conducted on the occurrence of road traffic injuries in school students. Results: A total of 9 197 students were surveyed, including 150 from road traffic injuries. The incidence rates of road traffic injuries was 1.63% among students in Mengzi city and 2.85% among junior high school students, with the high incidence in May. The leading places of injuries were village roads (38.00%), city roads (33.33%) and district roads (12.67%), respectively. 26.67% of the traffic injuries occurred on the way to or from schools, with riding on electric bicycle (52.00%) as the major cause and contusion/abrasion (75.33%) appeared as the major signs. Both lower and upper limbs plus multiple parts were accounting for 45.51%, 22.16% and 16.17%, respectively of all the injuries. 70.67% of all the cases with road traffic injuries in children, recovered after treatment. Children with road traffic injuries would stay in the hospital for up to 90 days but spent less than 30 000 Yuan. Conclusion: The incidence of road traffic injuries among students in Mengzi city seemed relatively high, with junior high school students reached the highest. Riding electric bicycle appeared as the leading cause for traffic injuries in children in Mengzi city of Yunnan province.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , Ciclismo/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Pública , Instituciones Académicas , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Caminata/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas y Traumatismos/epidemiología , Accidentes de Tránsito/prevención & control , Niño , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Transportes , Heridas y Traumatismos/prevención & control
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 901-905, 2019 Nov 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856437

RESUMEN

Objective: To improve the understanding of rare anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) positive IgM monoclonal gammopathy related peripheral neuropathy (IgM-PN) . Methods: Eleven cases of IgM paraproteinemia and anti-MAG antibody positive neuropathy diagnosed since 2014 in Peking Medical Union College Hospital were summarized. The medical records including clinical manifestation, lab results, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. Results: Among the 11 patients (8 male and 3 female) , the median onset age is 63 years old (range from 52 to 77 years old) . The peripheral neuropathy of 9 patients were characterized by distal onset of numbness, 6 patients suffered from muscle weakness. The nerve conduction velocity study indicated that all 11 patients had demyelinating peripheral nerve damage, which was sensory predominant and more severe in lower limbs, 6 of them had secondary axonal damage. Monoclonal IgM gammopathy was identified in all 11 patients, among which 6 were IgM κ, 2 IgG κ and IgM κ bi-clonal, 3 IgM λ. Three patients were diagnosed with Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia. The anti-MAG-IgM antibody was positive in all 11 cases. After diagnosis, 9 patients received combination chemotherapy including rituximab or rituximab treatment alone. The monoclonal IgM level declined significantly in 7 patients. The neuropathy was stable or improved. Conclusions: Anti-MAG antibody positive IgM-PN is a rare M protein related disease. In peripheral neuropathy with undetermined etiology, we suggest to screen M protein and anti-MAG antibody. Chemotherapy including rituximab or rituximab alone is recommended as first-line therapy.


Asunto(s)
Paraproteinemias , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Periférico , Anciano , Autoanticuerpos , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina M , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenström
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(23): 10274-10282, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841182

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNA-16 (miR-16) expression has been proved to take part in the initiation and development of several cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its role and its molecular mechanism in HCC cells remain unclear. Our study aimed to elucidate miR-16 probable role and potential mechanism in HCC cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MiR-16 expression in HCC was measured by Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). MiR-16 mimic or inhibitor was applied to increase or decrease miR-16 expression in Huh7 cells separately. The cell viability was measured by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide). The invaded cells and migrated cells were detected by the transwell assay. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were performed using Western blot. The tumor growth was measured via xenograft tumor formation assay. Moreover, bioinformatical methods and luciferase reporter assay were carried out to confirm the miR-16 target gene. RESULTS: MiR-16 expression was downregulated in HCC tissues and cells. Furthermore, the increasing miR-16 expression was suppressed, whereas the decreasing miR-16 expression promoted cell proliferation, invasion, and migration in Huh7 cells. Moreover, miR-16 targeted FEAT in regulating HCC progression. FEAT was associated with a poor prognosis of HCC patients. Especially, miR-16 suppressed EMT and NF-κB pathway in HCC and inhibited the tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: We stated that miR-16 suppressed HCC cell progression by targeting FEAT and inhibiting EMT and NF-κB pathway. MiR-16 may be clinically utilized as a factor for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of HCC.

18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(12): 842-847, 2019 Dec 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877605

RESUMEN

Bacteria usually colonize, reproduce, and grow aggressively on chronic wounds in the form of biofilm. Different from free bacteria, bacteria in biofilm exhibit unique mechanism in epigenetics and biological behavior, especially in resistance to antibiotics and host immunity. In this article, we introduce the composition and structural function of bacterial biofilm, expound the drug-resistance mechanism of bacterial biofilm, discuss the clinical characteristics of bacterial biofilm infection wound and the diagnosis method of biofilm, and analyze the treatment strategy for bacterial biofilm. It is suggested that clinicians should pay more attention to bacterial biofilm infection and advocate in-depth study of bacterial biofilm in order to improve the quality of managing chronic wounds.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas , Infección de Heridas , Antibacterianos , Bacterias , Biopelículas , Enfermedad Crónica , Humanos
19.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 840-847, 2019 Dec 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874474

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the feasible cervical cancer screening strategies in rural China. Methods: The study was based on the health industry scientific research project of National Health Commission in 2015, cervical cancer screening technology and demonstration research suitable for rural areas in China, we collected health economics and epidemiological parameters and established the unscreening model and screening model with Treeage Pro 2011 software. Combining with the data acquired from site investigation, including population screening, treatment-related clinical materials and cost data, we simulated the occurrence and the development of cervical cancer of rural women in China under different screening and intervention programs and predicted the screening effects [cumulative incidence, cumulative risk of disease, life years and quality adjusted life years (QALY) , gains] and costs after 20 years, and using health economic evaluation analysis (cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, cost-benefit analysis). Screening programs included five screening strategies [visual inspection with acetic acid/lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI), careHPV, ThinPrep cytology test (TCT), careHPV+TCT, careHPV+VIA/VILI] and three screening intervals (1-year, 3-year, 5-year), a total of fifteen screening programs. Results: Compared with no screening, fifteen screening programs reduced the cumulative incidence by 22.65%-51.76%. Compared with TCT or VIA/VILI, for the same screening interval, the reduced cumulative incidence, the amounts of life-year saved and QALY and benefits gained of careHPV were the highest. The cost-effectiveness ratios of these screening programs ranged (0.44-3.24)×10(4) Yuan per life-year saved, cost-utility ratios ranged (0.15- 1.01)×10(4) Yuan per QALY, benefit-cost ratios ranged 7.73-59.10. The results of incremental costeffectiveness ratios showed that VIA/VILI every five years, VIA/VILI every three years, careHPV every five years, careHPV every three years and careHPV every year were dominant programs. Conclusions: VIA/VILI screening is cost-effective, careHPV is slightly more expensive but more effective. In rural China, careHPV screening every five years could be recommended. This study provides a basis for the determination of cervical cancer screening methods feasible for rural areas in China.


Asunto(s)
Detección Precóz del Cáncer/economía , Tamizaje Masivo/economía , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/prevención & control , China , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Detección Precóz del Cáncer/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Cadenas de Markov , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Salud Rural , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/economía
20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19254, 2019 Dec 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848398

RESUMEN

Recent advancements in the use of microbial cells for scalable production of industrial enzymes encourage exploring new environments for efficient microbial cell factories (MCFs). Here, through a comparison study, ten newly sequenced Bacillus species, isolated from the Rabigh Harbor Lagoon on the Red Sea shoreline, were evaluated for their potential use as MCFs. Phylogenetic analysis of 40 representative genomes with phylogenetic relevance, including the ten Red Sea species, showed that the Red Sea species come from several colonization events and are not the result of a single colonization followed by speciation. Moreover, clustering reactions in reconstruct metabolic networks of these Bacillus species revealed that three metabolic clades do not fit the phylogenetic tree, a sign of convergent evolution of the metabolism of these species in response to special environmental adaptation. We further showed Red Sea strains Bacillus paralicheniformis (Bac48) and B. halosaccharovorans (Bac94) had twice as much secreted proteins than the model strain B. subtilis 168. Also, Bac94 was enriched with genes associated with the Tat and Sec protein secretion system and Bac48 has a hybrid PKS/NRPS cluster that is part of a horizontally transferred genomic region. These properties collectively hint towards the potential use of Red Sea Bacillus as efficient protein secreting microbial hosts, and that this characteristic of these strains may be a consequence of the unique ecological features of the isolation environment.

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