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1.
ASAIO J ; 62(3): 354-8, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26735556

RESUMEN

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an established therapy in the management of patients with refractory cardiogenic shock or acute respiratory failure. In this report, we describe the rapid development and implementation of an organized ECMO program at a facility that previously provided ad hoc support. The program provides care for patients within the Emory Healthcare system and throughout the Southeastern United States. From September 2014 to February 2015, 16 patients were treated with either venovenous or venoarterial ECMO with a survival to decannulation of 53.3% and survival to intensive care unit discharge of 40%. Of the 16 patients, 10 were transfers from outside facilities of which 2 were remotely cannulated and initiated on ECMO support by our ECMO transport team. Complications included intracerebral hemorrhage, bleeding from other sites, and limb ischemia. The results suggest that a rapidly developed ECMO program can provide safe transport services and provide outcomes similar to those in the existing literature. Key components appear to be an institutional commitment, a physician champion, multidisciplinary leadership, and organized training. Further study is required to determine whether outcomes will continue to improve.


Asunto(s)
Oxigenación por Membrana Extracorpórea , Adulto , Anciano , Oxigenación por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Insuficiencia Respiratoria/terapia , Choque Cardiogénico/terapia
4.
Ann Surg ; 262(2): 273-9, 2015 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25405558

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between complications after 3 common general surgery procedures and per-episode hospital finances. BACKGROUND: With impending changes in health care reimbursement, maximizing the value of care delivered is paramount. Data on the relative clinical and financial impact of postoperative complications are necessary for directing surgical quality improvement efforts. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients enrolled in the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, hepatectomy, and colectomy at a single academic institution between September 2009 and August 2012. Clinical outcomes data were subsequently linked with hospital billing data to determine hospital finances associated with each episode. We describe the association between postoperative complications, hospital length of stay, and different financial metrics. Multivariable linear regression modeling tested linear association between postoperative outcomes and cost data. RESULTS: There was a positive association between the number of surgical complications, payments, length of stay, total charges, total costs, and contribution margin for the three procedures. Multivariable models indicated that complications were independently associated with total cost among the selected procedures. Payments increased with complications, offsetting increased costs. CONCLUSIONS: In the current fee-for-service environment, the financial incentives are misaligned with quality improvement efforts. As we move to a value-driven method of reimbursement, administrators and health care providers alike will need to focus on improving the quality of patient care while remaining conscious of the cost of care delivered. Reducing complications effectively improves value.


Asunto(s)
Colectomía/efectos adversos , Economía Hospitalaria , Hepatectomía/efectos adversos , Pancreaticoduodenectomía/efectos adversos , Mejoramiento de la Calidad/organización & administración , Mecanismo de Reembolso/organización & administración , Adulto , Anciano , Colectomía/economía , Femenino , Hepatectomía/economía , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/economía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pancreaticoduodenectomía/economía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
5.
Chest ; 142(5): 1175-1178, 2012 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22539642

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The increased exposure to heparin products for thromboprophylaxis against VTE in hospitalized patients raises concerns for an increase in the incidence of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia(HIT). METHODS: We analyzed, among 90,875 patients exposed to heparin products between 2005 and 2009, the number of hematologic consultations for thrombocytopenia, requests for heparin induced antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and cases given a diagnosis of HIT by the hematology consult service. RESULTS: We observed that despite a doubling in the number of patients receiving pharmacoprophylaxis with heparin, there was no significant increase in the number of consultations for thrombocytopenia,the number of requests for HIT tests, the number of positive HIT test results, or the number of HIT diagnoses. The number of cases of HIT was low and represented < 0.1% of patients exposed to heparin. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that concerns about HIT should not be a limiting factor for the systematic implementation of heparin-based VTE prophylaxis.


Asunto(s)
Heparina/efectos adversos , Trombocitopenia/inducido químicamente , Trombocitopenia/epidemiología , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevención & control , Adulto , Anciano , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 21(8): 673-8, 2012 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21482142

RESUMEN

This study examined the impact of an emergency department (ED) observation unit's accelerated diagnostic protocol (ADP) on hospital length of stay (LOS), cost of care, and clinical outcome of patients who had sustained a transient ischemic attack (TIA). All patients with TIA presenting to the ED over a 18-consecutive month period were eligible for the study. During the initial 11 months of the study (pre-ADP period), all patients were admitted to the neurology service. Over the subsequent 7 months (post-ADP period), patients were either managed using the ADP or were admitted based on ADP exclusion criteria or at a physician's discretion. All patients had orders for serial clinical examinations, neurologic evaluation, cardiac monitoring, vascular imaging of the brain and neck, and echocardiography. A total of 142 patients were included in the study (mean age, 67.9 ± 13.9 years; 61% female; mean ABCD(2) score, 4.3 ± 1.4). In the post-ADP period, 68% of the patients were managed using the ADP. Of these patients, 79% were discharged with a median LOS of 25.5 hours (ED + observation unit). Compared with the pre-ADP patients, the post-ADP patients (ADP and non-ADP) had a 20.8-hour shorter median LOS (95% confidence interval, 16.3-25.1 hours; P < .01) than pre-ADP patients and lower median associated costs (cost difference, $1643; 95% confidence interval, $1047-$2238). The stroke rate at 90 days was low in both groups (pre-ADP, 0%; post-ADP, 1.2%). Our findings indicate that introduction of an ED observation unit ADP for patients with TIA at a primary stroke center is associated with a significantly shorter LOS and lower costs compared with inpatient admission, with comparable clinical outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos Clínicos , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/economía , Costos de Hospital , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio/economía , Tiempo de Internación/economía , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Análisis Químico de la Sangre/economía , Ahorro de Costo , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Diagnóstico por Imagen/economía , Femenino , Pruebas de Función Cardíaca/economía , Humanos , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio/terapia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Examen Neurológico/economía , Admisión del Paciente/economía , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Pronóstico , Recurrencia , Derivación y Consulta/economía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico , Accidente Cerebrovascular/economía , Accidente Cerebrovascular/terapia , Factores de Tiempo
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