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1.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 40(6): e235-e240, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151196

RESUMEN

This case report describes the rehabilitation of an extremely atrophic posterior mandible using 4-mm ultrashort implants and reports clinical and radiographic outcomes 7 years after loading. The patient refused to undergo any other treatment, from the removable prosthesis to the reconstructive surgery, and asked for a fixed, minimally invasive solution in the shortest possible time. The residual bone height above the alveolar nerve was an average of about 5 mm, so it was decided to treat the patient with four 4-mm ultrashort implants. Within the limitations of this case report, this procedure appears successful at 7 years after loading in this specific case and could reduce invasiveness, rehabilitative times, and costs. However, longer follow-ups on a large number of patients coming from randomized controlled clinical trials are necessary before making more reliable recommendations.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Mandíbula/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925998

RESUMEN

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures in the rehabilitation of partially edentulous atrophic arches. A total of 58 patients were included with a follow-up of 3 to 7 years after loading. Data seem to indicate that GBR with nonresorbable membranes can be a good clinical choice and suggest that it could be used to vertically reconstruct no more than 6 mm of bone in the posterior mandible. However, this technique remains difficult and requires expert surgeons.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Regeneración Ósea , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Membranas Artificiales , Estudios Retrospectivos
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722202

RESUMEN

Containment measures adopted to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have produced a general perception of job insecurity. Dentists have been highly affected by such measures, as they represent an easy source of contagion. As perceived job insecurity is associated with psychological distress and Italian dentists have been highly affected by the COVID-19 outbreak in terms of potential financial loss and the risk of being infected, this study aimed at assessing whether the fear of COVID-19 moderated the effect of perceived job insecurity on depressive symptoms. This cross-sectional online study has included 735 Italian dentists recruited during the lockdown and ranging in age from 27 to 70 years old (495 men and 240 women). A quantile regression model with an inference based on the median and with an interaction term between the fear of COVID-19 and perceived job insecurity has been used to estimate the hypothesized associations. The results indicated that both perceived job insecurity and fear of COVID-19 were positively associated with depressive symptoms, and that the effect of perceived job insecurity on depressive symptoms was weaker among those with a low fear of COVID-19. The findings may inform public health policies for dentists in relation to reducing the risk of developing negative mental health outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Odontólogos/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Empleo/psicología , Miedo , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Estudios Transversales , Brotes de Enfermedades , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/virología
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559036

RESUMEN

This case report describes the minimally invasive full fixed rehabilitation of a totally edentulous severely atrophic mandible. The patient refused to undergo any other treatment, from the reconstructive surgery to the removable prosthesis, and asked for a fixed minimally invasive solution in the shortest possible time. Considering that the posterior mandibular bone was inadequate in height and that the interforaminal bone was only 4.3 to 5 mm in height, the patient received four 4-mm-ultrashort implants in the interforaminal area that were immediately loaded. Within all the limitations of this case report this procedure in this specific case appears successful through 2 years of loading.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Arcada Edéntula/cirugía , Atrofia , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(9): 1572-1582, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442425

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a benign condition in which surgical management may be considered. The aim of the study was to review the current literature and report a case. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for all relevant articles reporting cases of localized tongue amyloidosis published between 1980 and February 2020. In addition, we updated 1 case diagnosed and treated in our department. RESULTS: A 49-year-old male patient presented with an asymptomatic tongue nodule of the dorsum mimicking median rhomboid glossitis. The results of an incisional biopsy showed an amyloid on Congo red staining and positive findings for the κ light chain by immunohistochemical analysis. The findings of the systemic workup were negative. Therefore, a diagnosis of localized κ light-chain amyloidosis was made. The patient underwent a resection of the lesion, and no recurrence or progression was observed during a period of 18 months. The literature review showed 12 reports describing 21 patients (11 men, 52.3%) with localized tongue amyloidosis. The most common clinical presentation was nodular with a single lesion of the tongue dorsum (15 patients, 71.4%). All cases showed positive findings on Congo red staining. Immunohistochemical analysis findings were available for only 9 patients (42.8%) and showed light-chain amyloidosis. No case showed any systemic involvement or the development of systemic disease. Surgical excision was performed in 9 cases, with recurrence at the site of operation in 2 cases. CONCLUSIONS: Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a rare disease in which surgical excision may be therapeutic when a multidisciplinary evaluation does not show any systemic disease. We recommend an excision when the lesion is persistent or shows an enlargement or when discomfort is reported. In the case of any further local recurrence, resection may be repeated.


Asunto(s)
Amiloidosis , Enfermedades de la Lengua , Amiloide , Amiloidosis/diagnóstico , Amiloidosis/cirugía , Biopsia , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Lengua/cirugía , Enfermedades de la Lengua/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de la Lengua/cirugía
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231082

RESUMEN

Peri-implant soft tissues play a role of paramount importance, not only on the esthetic appearance, but also on the maintenance and long-term stability of implants. The present report presents the conclusions from the Consensus Conference of the South European North African Middle Eastern Implantology & Modern Dentistry Association (SENAME) (4-6 November 2016, Cairo, Egypt). The conference focused on the topic of the soft tissue around dental implants, and in particular, on the influence of implant configurations on the marginal soft tissues, soft tissue alterations after immediate, early or delayed implant placement and immediate loading, the long-term outcomes of soft tissue stability around dental implants, and soft tissue augmentation around dental implants. Thirty world experts in this field were invited to take part in this two-day event; however, only 29 experts were in the final consensus voting process.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Mucosa Bucal , Consenso , Egipto , Humanos
7.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 14(5): 701-713, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174023

RESUMEN

Diabetic patients display increased risk of periodontitis and failure in bone augmentation procedures. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represent a relevant advantage in tissue repair process and regenerative medicine. We isolated MSCs from Bichat's buccal fat pad (BFP) and measured the effects of glucose and PRP on cell number and osteogenic differentiation potential. Cells were cultured in the presence of 5.5-mM glucose (low glucose [LG]) or 25-mM glucose (high glucose [HG]). BFP-MSC number was significantly lower when cells were cultured in HG compared with those in LG. Following osteogenic differentiation procedures, calcium accumulation, alkaline phosphatase activity, and expression of osteogenic markers were significantly lower in HG compared with LG. Exposure of BFP-MSC to PRP significantly increased cell number and osteogenic differentiation potential, reaching comparable levels in LG and in HG. Thus, high-glucose concentrations impair BFP-MSC growth and osteogenic differentiation. However, these detrimental effects are largely counteracted by PRP.

8.
Quintessence Int ; 51(3): 204-211, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020130

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Presence of clinical attachment loss on the distal aspect to the second molar may be associated with malposition of the third molar. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of clinical attachment loss at the distal aspect of the second molar after third molar extraction and application of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Eighteen subjects with a clinical attachment loss on the distal site to the second molar associated with impacted third molar in both sides of the jaw were recruited for the study. For each subject the teeth were randomly allocated in test and control groups. After surgical removal of the impacted third molar, the L-PRF was inserted in the fresh alveolar socket of test sites; in the control sites no graft was inserted after extraction. Full-mouth plaque score, full-mouth bleeding score, clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth, and gingival recession were assessed at baseline and 6 months later. RESULTS: After 6 months, mean CAL change was 1.99 ± 1.18 mm in the test group and 1.15 ± 1.01 mm in the control group; probing depth change was 1.33 ± 0.87 mm in the test group and 0.50 ± 0.63 mm in the control group. Statistically significant differences (P < .05) were observed between groups in terms of CAL and probing depth changes. No differences were found in gingival recession changes. CONCLUSION: Within the limits of the present study, the sites treated by means of application of L-PRF after impacted third molar extraction showed better results in terms of CAL gain and probing depth reduction when compared with control sites.


Asunto(s)
Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Diente Impactado , Humanos , Diente Molar , Tercer Molar , Bolsa Periodontal , Extracción Dental
9.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(4): 399-416, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781696

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To analyse and compare the dimensional changes of unassisted extraction sockets with alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) techniques and investigate any factors that impact the resorption of the alveolar bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify randomised clinical trials (RCTs). All data were extracted, and a meta-analysis was performed for the changes in all buccolingual ridge width, midbuccal and midlingual ridge height, and mesial and distal ridge height, and horizontal width at reference points apical to the crestal area. RESULTS: Based on 14 RCTs, the effectiveness of ARP in reducing the dimensions of the postextraction alveolar socket was confirmed. The clinical magnitude of this effect was 1.95 mm in the buccolingual ridge width, 1.62 mm in the midbuccal ridge height, and 1.26 mm on the midlingual ridge height. Additionally, 0.45 mm and 0.34 mm for mesial and distal ridge height, and 1.21 mm, and 0.76 mm for ridge width changes at points 3 and 5 mm apical to the crest were noted. Meta-regression analyses revealed that the reflection of flaps and primary wound coverage during ARP may have detrimental effects on bone remodelling, while no statistical significance was observed for any of the bone graft substitutes or the percentage of molar sockets. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the protocol, ARP can only minimise ridge resorption. ARP is most effective on horizontal ridge width, providing the most benefit coronally (approximating the crest), followed by the midbuccal ridge height.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Proceso Alveolar , Consenso , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Extracción Dental , Alveolo Dental
10.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(3): 267-280, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535097

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles after a follow-up of 5 years in function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and MEDLINE were searched up to 1st September 2018 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with a follow-up of at least 5 years in function comparing fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles. Outcome measures were prosthesis failure, implant failures, augmentation procedure failures, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone level changes. Screening of eligible studies, assessment of the risk of bias and data extraction were conducted in duplicate and independently by two review authors. The statistical unit of the analysis was the prosthesis. Results were expressed as random-effects models using mean differences for continuous outcomes and risk ratios (RR) for dichotomous outcomes with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Four eligible RCTs that included originally 135 patients were included. Two RCTs had a parallel-group design and two a split-mouth design. Short implants were 5.0 to 6.6 mm long and were compared with longer implants placed in posterior mandibles augmented with interpositional blocks of bone substitutes. All trials were judged at unclear risk of bias. Twelve (14%) bone augmentation procedures failed to achieve the planned bone height to allow placement of implants with the planned length. Five years after loading, 28 patients (21%) had dropped out from the four RCTs. There were no differences for patients having prosthesis (RR = 1.46; 95% CI: 0.52 to 4.09; P = 0.47; I2 = 0%) or implant (RR = 1.00; 95% CI: 0.31 to 3.21; P = 1.00; I2 = 0%) failures between the two interventions, but there were more patients experiencing complications (RR = 4.72; 95% CI: 2.43 to 9.17; P < 0.00001; I2 = 0%) and peri-implant marginal bone loss (mean difference = 0.60 mm; 95% CI: 0.36 to 0.83; P < 0.00001; I2 = 45%) at longer implants in augmented bone. CONCLUSIONS: Five years after loading, prosthetic and implant failures were similar between the two interventions, but complications and peri-implant marginal bone loss were higher and more severe at longer implants placed in vertically augmented mandibles. Larger trials and longer follow-ups up to 10 years after loading are needed to confirm or reject the present preliminary findings. However in the meantime short implants could be the preferable option.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Dermatol Ther ; 32(5): e13062, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415129

RESUMEN

Plasma cell mucositis (PCM) is a rare benign disease affecting adults characterized by an erythematous mucosa, an epithelial hyperplasia, and a dense submucosal infiltration of mainly mature plasma cells. PCM has been treated with topical, intralesional, and systemic corticosteroids, antibiotics, and topical cyclosporin with unreliable results and questionable benefits. Here, we present a case of PCM, refractory to previous treatments, treated with i-PRF (injectable platelet-rich fibrin) injections. The infiltrations were performed once a week for 2 months. There were no adverse reactions to the treatment. The pain gradually reduced until the score of zero at the fourth infiltration, and the patient remained free of pain during the whole study period. Clinically, we did not obtain a complete healing of the lesion, but a reduced perilesional inflammatory infiltrate was observed at a distance. Therefore, we can conclude that i-PRF has been effective in the management of pain in PMC but does not result in complete healing of the disease.


Asunto(s)
Mucositis/patología , Mucositis/terapia , Dimensión del Dolor , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Corticoesteroides/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Biopsia con Aguja , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Inyecciones Intralesiones , Mucosa Bucal/patología , Células Plasmáticas/patología , Retratamiento , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores de Tiempo , Insuficiencia del Tratamiento , Resultado del Tratamiento
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(11)2019 May 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151141

RESUMEN

The bone-implant interface influences peri-implant bone healing and osseointegration. Among various nano-engineering techniques used for titanium surface modification, anodization is a simple, high-throughput and low-cost process, resulting in a nanoporous oxide coating which can promote osseointegration and impart antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties. We anodized rounded tip dental implants of commercial grade titanium in aqueous phosphoric acid modified with calcium and potassium acetate, and characterized the resulting surface morphology and composition with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry. The appearance of nanopores on these implants confirmed successful nanoscale morphology modification. Additionally, the metal cations of the used salts were incorporated into the porous coating together with phosphate, which can be convenient for osseointegration. The proposed method for surface nanostructuring of titanium alloy could allow for fabrication of dental implants with improved biocompatibility in the next stage of research.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4386709, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891457

RESUMEN

Although the number of complications and failures in bone augmentation procedures is still relatively high, these problems remain poorly documented. Moreover, the literature concerning reconstructive techniques and the treatment of their complications in the anterior areas rarely considers the final esthetic result. The aim of this paper is to propose a new classification of bone augmentation complications in the esthetic area, providing treatment guidelines useful for the management of these cases. Failures of bony regeneration procedures can be mainly divided into partial failures and complete failures. A partial failure can be solved with a corrective surgical intervention: this second surgery can have success or may not be able to provide the desired esthetic result. When the bone reconstructive procedure fails totally, a complete failure occurs and the whole procedure has to be repeated. This new intervention can have success but also this new reconstructive surgery can fail in the same way as the first, causing important damage and a compromise solution that will hardly be acceptable from an esthetic point of view. Bone augmentation techniques are not completely predictable and are not always able to guarantee the expected result, especially in the atrophic anterior maxilla. Complications and failures can often occur and this possibility must always be clearly explained to those patients with high esthetic demands and expectations.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/clasificación , Estética Dental , Maxilar/patología , Maxilar/cirugía , Atrofia , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Regeneración Ósea , Resorción Ósea/patología , Coronas , Implantes Dentales , Porcelana Dental/química , Humanos , Colgajos Quirúrgicos , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2908484, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140692

RESUMEN

Novel one-piece implants with concave smooth neck have been introduced to promote the formation of a thick mucosal layer and preserve marginal bone. A retrospective study on 70 patients with 1- to 6-year follow-up was carried out. Cumulative survival rates were assessed. Variations of marginal bone level were measured on periapical radiographs as distance of the implant-abutment junction from the bone crest. Influence of different variables on treatment outcome was evaluated. Cumulative success rate after 6 years was 99.4 % at implant level and 98.6 % at patient level. Marginal bone level changed in a significant way over time. After 4 months, an increase of radiographic bone level of 0.173 ± 1.088 mm at implant level and 0.18 ± 1.019 mm at patient level was recorded. Mean marginal bone loss after 5 years was 0.573 ± 0.966 mm at implant level and 0.783 ± 1.213 mm at patient level. Age, sex, smoking habits, implant sites, implant lengths and diameters, prosthetic retentions, and timing of loading did not influence marginal bone remodeling in a statistically significant way. At 4-year follow-up partial restorations lost a mean of 0.96 mm of more marginal bone compared with single restorations. This difference was statistically significant.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Adulto , Anciano , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 6758245, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29955608

RESUMEN

Purpose: The majority of the techniques used to assess the primary implant stability are subjective and empirical and can be used during or after the surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the bone density prior to surgery, in order to give recommendations to the clinician about the best surgical technique and the type of implant which is needed. Materials and Methods: A surgeon operated on 75 patients for 269 implants over the period 2010-2014. He required a CT to plan the surgery and he documented the type, the diameters, and the lengths of the implants, the insertion torque, and the ISQ values. At a later stage another clinician measured bone density and cortical thickness. We endeavoured to get the most accurate superimposition between the implants placed by the surgeon and those placed by the clinician. Results: In maxilla ISQ showed a significant positive correlation with HU values detected for coronal-buccal (r = 0.302; p = 0.020) and middle-lingual (r = 0.295; p = 0.023). Torque showed a positive correlation with cortical bone thickness at the middle of the ridge (ρ = 0.196; p = 0.032). Conclusion: It is important to take into consideration the Hounsfield Units and the cortical thickness as predictive parameters during the preoperative assessment, with regard to the choice of the implant type as well as the surgical technique.


Asunto(s)
Densidad Ósea , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Implantes Dentales , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Torque , Adulto Joven
16.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 5(2)2018 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614717

RESUMEN

Non-transfusional hemocomponents for surgical use are autogenous products prepared through the centrifugation of a blood sample from a patient. Their potential beneficial outcomes include hard and soft tissue regeneration, local hemostasis, and the acceleration of wound healing. Therefore, they are suitable for application in different medical fields as therapeutic options and in surgical practices that require tissue regeneration.

17.
Quintessence Int ; 48(4): 315-324, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28294200

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival rate and to measure peri-implant bone changes in full-arch rehabilitations with immediate placement and immediate loading implants with platform switching and Morse taper connection, in addition to platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and buccal bone augmentation, after 4 years of follow-up. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In this retrospective controlled study, patients who had been fully rehabilitated with immediate placement and immediate loading implants were evaluated 4 years post-loading. Implants with platform switching and Morse taper connections were used (In-Kone Universal System, Global D) and PRF and buccal bone augmentation were applied. The radiographic bone loss was calculated by subtracting the bone level at baseline (BLT0) from that at the 4-year follow-up (BLT4) in immediate and delayed implants. Measurements were made at the distal, mesial, vestibular, and oral sites of the implants and the deepest value was recorded. Implants placed in extraction sites and implants placed in healed sites were considered. A comparison between the groups was performed using the Mann-Whitney test. The implant survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: In total, 42 patients (28 females and 14 males; average age 55.8 years old, age range 45 to 77) were recruited to this study. A total of 334 implants were put in place (226 in the maxilla, 108 in the mandible). The implant survival rate was 97.8% for the maxilla and 98.1% for the mandible, 98.3% for immediate implants and 96.9% for delayed implants. No statistically significant differences (P > .05) in the mean radiographic bone loss (mBL) were observed when comparing the immediate and delayed implants and the anterior and posterior implants. Statistically significant differences were found in the mBL between the mandibular and maxilla implants in the vestibular (P = .01) and mesial (P = .001) sites. CONCLUSION: Within their limits, the present results suggest that rehabilitation with platform switching and taper connection implants, in addition to buccal bone augmentation and the use of PRF, can lead to predictable results.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental/métodos , Arcada Edéntula/rehabilitación , Anciano , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 8175284, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27294136

RESUMEN

The aim of this retrospective radiological study was to evaluate the variability of the mandibular anatomy in the presence and absence of teeth and to consider how it could influence implant planning. 187 mandibular CT DentaScans were selected from our department archive according to the inclusion criteria. The axial height, vertical height, angulation of the bone crest, and the bone available for ideal implant placement were measured. The analysis of the data shows that the mandible contour presents a constant degree of angulation. The variation of angulation in the absence of teeth was statistically significant only in the region between the canine and the first premolar and in that between the second premolar and the first molar. The difference between the crest height and the available distance to place the implant was greater in the region of the second molar while in the other regions the implant planning was made complex by postextraction resorption. Alveolar bone resorption after tooth loss can be considered as a risk factor for lingual cortical perforation during the insertion of an implant. To avoid potential intra/postoperative complications, 3D radiographic examination is recommended in order to study the mandibular anatomy and identify the risk areas.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Planificación de la Radioterapia Asistida por Computador , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Diente/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto Joven
19.
J Craniofac Surg ; 27(2): 414-5, 2016 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26890454

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative complications during genioplasty using piezosurgery devices or traditional rotating drills. Forty patients underwent genioplasty to solve their chin anomalies. This study showed that, using piezosurgery, pain and swelling were reduced compared to the traditional technique in the immediate postoperative period of healing (within 15 days). Paresthesia was observed in all patients up to 15th postoperative day, independently of the used surgical technique, but at the sixth postoperative month it was completely absent.


Asunto(s)
Mentón/cirugía , Mentoplastia/métodos , Piezocirugía/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Adulto Joven
20.
J Med Case Rep ; 8: 398, 2014 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25434857

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The fusion of permanent teeth is a development anomaly of dental hard tissue. It may require a hard multidisciplinary approach with orthodontics, endodontics, surgery and prosthetics to solve aesthetic and functional problems. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old Caucasian man presented to our Department to solve a dental anomaly of his upper central incisors. An oral investigation revealed the fusion of his maxillary central incisors and dyschromia of right central incisor. Vitality pulp tests were negative for lateral upper incisors and left central incisor. Radiographic examinations showed a fused tooth with two separate pulp chambers, two distinct roots and two separate root canals. There were also periapical lesions of central incisors and right lateral incisor, so he underwent endodontic treatment. Six months later, OPT examination revealed persistence of the periapical radiolucency, so endodontic surgery was performed, which included exeresis of the lesion, an apicoectomy and retrograde obturation with a reinforced zinc oxide-eugenol cement (SuperEBA) Complete healing of the lesion was obtained six months postoperatively. Fused teeth crowns were separated and orthodontic appliances were put in place. When correct teeth position was achieved (after nine months), the anterior teeth were prosthetically rehabilitated. CONCLUSION: Many treatment options have been proposed in the literature to solve cases of dental fusion. The best treatment plan depends on the nature of the anomaly, its location, the morphology of the pulp chamber and root canal system, the subgingival extent of the separation line, and the patient compliance. Following an analysis of radiographical and clinical data, it was possible to solve our patient's dental anomaly with a multidisciplinary approach.


Asunto(s)
Anodoncia/terapia , Endodoncia , Incisivo/anomalías , Ortodoncia , Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven
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