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1.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 58, 2021 01 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407321

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no effective treatment for COVID-19, which is a pandemic disease, caused by a novel coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. In Togo, where four in five people practice self-medication, the absence of a cure for COVID-19 and the constant progression of the disease requires an assessment of self-medication patterns in the context of the pandemic. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of self-medication to prevent COVID-19 and its associated factors in Lomé, Togo. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lomé, the capital city of Togo, from April 23rd to May 8th, 2020, with a sample of participants from five sectors: the healthcare, air transport, police, road transport and informal sectors. The participants were invited to provide information about their self-medication practices to prevent COVID-19 in the 2 weeks preceding the survey. RESULTS: A total of 955 participants (71.6% men) with a median age of 36 (IQR 32-43) were included. Approximately 22.1% were in the air transport sector, 20.5% were in the police sector, and 38.7% were in the health sector. The overall prevalence of self-medication to prevent COVID-19 was 34.2% (95% CI: 31.2-37.3%). The most commonly used products were vitamin C (27.6%) and traditional medicine (10.2%). Only 2.0% of participants reported using chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine. Female sex (aOR=1.90; p< 0.001), work in the health sector (aOR=1.89; p= 0.001), secondary education level (aOR= 2.28; p= 0.043) and university education level (aOR= 5.11; p< 0.001) were associated with self-medication. CONCLUSION: One-third of the individuals in high-risk populations in Lomé practiced self-medication. Intensifying awareness campaigns is crucial to fight misinformation about alleged COVID-19 prevention products on social media.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Brotes de Enfermedades , Automedicación/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Togo/epidemiología
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 839, 2020 Nov 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183254

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a public health problem in Togo and transmission to the child occurs mainly during childbirth. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HBV among childbearing women and infants born to HBV positive mothers in Togo. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was carried out in six cities in Togo in the six health regions in Togo. Mother-child pairs were recruited from immunization centers or pediatric wards in Lomé, Tsévié, Atakpamé, Sokodé, Kara and Dapaong in 2017. Women aged 18 and over with one child of at least 6 months old were included. A standardized questionnaire was used for data collection and HBV screening was performed using Determine® rapid tests. The prevalence of HBV, defined by a positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), was estimated in mothers and then in infants of mothers who were positive for HBsAg. Logistic regression model was performed to identify risk factors for HBsAg positivity in mothers. RESULTS: A total of 2105 mothers-pairs child were recruited. The median age of mothers and infants was 29 years, interquartile range (IQR) [25-33] and 2.1 years, IQR [1-3] respectively. About 35% of women were screened for HBV during antenatal care and 85% of infants received three doses of HBV immunization. Among mothers, the prevalence of HBV was 10.6, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) [9.4-12.0%], and 177 had detectable HBV viral load (> 10 IU/mL). Among mothers with positive HBsAg, three infants also had positive HBsAg, a prevalence of 1.3, 95% CI [0.2-3.8%]. In multivariable analysis, HIV-infection (aOR = 2.19; p = 0.018), having at least three pregnancies (aOR = 1.46; p = 0.025) and living in Tsévié (aOR = 0.31; p < 0.001) compared to those living in Lomé, were associated to HBV infection in mothers. CONCLUSION: In this study, one out of 10 childbearing women were infected with HBV, but less than 2% of infant born to HBV positive mothers under 5 years' old who received immunization under the Expanded Program on Immunization were infected. Improving antenatal screening and providing targeted interventions in babies could help eliminate HBV in Togo.


Asunto(s)
Virus de la Hepatitis B/inmunología , Hepatitis B/epidemiología , Hepatitis B/prevención & control , Transmisión Vertical de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/epidemiología , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Vacunación , Adulto , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , VIH , Infecciones por VIH/diagnóstico , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Infecciones por VIH/virología , Hepatitis B/virología , Antígenos de Superficie de la Hepatitis B/sangre , Antígenos de Superficie de la Hepatitis B/inmunología , Virus de la Hepatitis B/genética , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/virología , Atención Prenatal , Prevalencia , Togo/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
3.
Sante Publique ; 32(2): 253-262, 2020 09 15.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989955

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe the acceptability and factors associated with the use of mobile telephones in the care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Lomé, Togo. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 5th to March 31st, 2018 in Lomé. PLHIV were recruited from the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases of the teaching hospital “CHU Sylvanus Olympio” and the NGO “Espoir Vie Togo”. Socio-demographic and clinical data, mobile phone possession and acceptability of communication with health professionals using a mobile phone were collected with a standardized questionnaire during a face-to-face interview. RESULTS: A total of 259 PLHIV (79.6% women) were recruited. The mean age (± standard deviation) of PLHIV was 43.7 ± 9.8 years and the majority (95.4%) had a mobile phone. Almost all (98.1%) of respondents declared that mobile phone could be a means to maintain contact with a health professional. Phone calls (43.0%), text messages (SMS) (35.1%), and voice messages (20.0%) were the preferred means of communication with health professionals. Factors associated with the acceptability of receiving SMS from a health professional were age < 44 years and having at least a secondary level of education. CONCLUSION: PLHIV are receptive to the integration of mobile technology into the management of their condition. M-health could be an opportunity to improve the management of HIV infection in Togo.


Asunto(s)
Teléfono Celular , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Telemedicina , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Envío de Mensajes de Texto , Togo
4.
Sante Publique ; 32(2): 253-262, 2020.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985842

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe the acceptability and factors associated with the use of mobile telephones in the care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Lomé, Togo. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 5th to March 31st, 2018 in Lomé. PLHIV were recruited from the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases of the teaching hospital “CHU Sylvanus Olympio” and the NGO “Espoir Vie Togo”. Socio-demographic and clinical data, mobile phone possession and acceptability of communication with health professionals using a mobile phone were collected with a standardized questionnaire during a face-to-face interview. RESULTS: A total of 259 PLHIV (79.6% women) were recruited. The mean age (± standard deviation) of PLHIV was 43.7 ± 9.8 years and the majority (95.4%) had a mobile phone. Almost all (98.1%) of respondents declared that mobile phone could be a means to maintain contact with a health professional. Phone calls (43.0%), text messages (SMS) (35.1%), and voice messages (20.0%) were the preferred means of communication with health professionals. Factors associated with the acceptability of receiving SMS from a health professional were age < 44 years and having at least a secondary level of education. CONCLUSION: PLHIV are receptive to the integration of mobile technology into the management of their condition. M-health could be an opportunity to improve the management of HIV infection in Togo.


Asunto(s)
Teléfono Celular/estadística & datos numéricos , Infecciones por VIH/terapia , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Envío de Mensajes de Texto/estadística & datos numéricos , Togo
5.
Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res ; 2020: 4346035, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351556

RESUMEN

Background: In the sub-Saharan African, region of the world with a fast growing aging population and where the use of herbal products is very common, there is a paucity of data on medication consumption patterns among elderly people. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of polypharmacy and its associated factors among community-dwelling elderly in Lomé, Togo, in 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to June 2017 in Lomé, Togo among people aged 60 years and older. The Respondent Driven Sampling method was used to recruit participants. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and medication consumption patterns, including the use of medicinal plants and dietary supplements, were collected using a standardized questionnaire during a face-to-face interview at participants' home. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: A total of 370 participants with median age 65 years, (IQR: 62-71) were enrolled in the study. Almost three elderly in five (57.6%) were multimorbid (had two or more chronic diseases). Conventional drugs (78.4%), medicinal plants (14.3%) and other dietary supplements (9.5%) were used by participants. The prevalence of polypharmacy was 22.7% (95% CI: 18.5-27.3%). Concurrent use of conventional drugs and medicinal plants or other dietary supplements was observed among 17.0% of participants and 67.3% reported self-medication. Multimorbidity (aOR = 4.55; 95% CI: [2.42-8.54]) and female sex (aOR = 1.86; 95% CI: [1.00-3.47]) were associated with polypharmacy. Conclusion: One elderly in five uses five or more medications in Togo. Further studies are needed to assess drug-drug interactions and herb-drug interactions among this population.

6.
Int J Infect Dis ; 95: 162-166, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070722

RESUMEN

The West and Central African region (WCAR) still registers some of the highest rates of new HIV infections worldwide (16%) despite a low prevalence of HIV (1.9%). In this region, only 48% of people living with HIV are aware of their HIV status. To fill this gap, HIV Self testing (HIVST) could potentially be an additional approach to overcome the barriers to diagnose HIV infected patients, therefore being one of the keys to unlock the first 90 as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) since 2016. However, many challenges remain for the adoption of HIVST in routine clinical practice in low prevalence settings and need to be contextualized to WCAR settings. We report in this paper some of the challenges and discuss opportunities for a successful implementation of HIVST in the WCAR.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , África Central , África Occidental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Autocuidado , Adulto Joven
7.
Arch Public Health ; 77: 39, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508231

RESUMEN

Background: The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends the screening of syphilis among populations highly exposed to HIV. However, data on the prevalence of syphilis in these populations are scarce in Togo. This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of syphilis among males who have sex with males (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) and drug users (DU) in Togo. Methods: A cross-sectional bio-behavioral study was conducted in August and September 2017 using a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method in eight major cities in Togo. A standardized questionnaire was used to record socio-demographic data and sexual behavior patterns. A blood sample was taken and SD Bioline Duo VIH/Syphilis rapid test was used to test for HIV and syphilis. Results: A total of 2158 key populations (678 MSM, 1003 FSW and 477 DU), with an average age of 27.6 years (standard deviation 8.8 years) participated in the study. Prevalence of syphilis was 0.6% (95% CI = [0.3-1.0]) with no statistical significance between the three groups: null among MSM, 0.8% among FSW (95% CI = [0.37-1.63]) and 1.1% among DU (95% CI = [0.39-2.57]). There was no relation between HIV status and syphilis (p = 0.236). Among the 298 HIV-positive people, none was diagnosed with syphilis. Conclusions: Findings from this study reveal a low prevalence rate of syphilis among key populations in Togo. Specific interventions into HIV prevention programs should be reinforced to eliminate syphilis in Togo.

8.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 84, 2019 Feb 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30764874

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the immunization coverage among children admitted for consultation or hospitalization in health structures of Lomé. RESULTS: A total of 797 respondent-child couples were included and 31.1% of them had their immunization cards. Complete immunization coverage was 69.3%, 95% confidence interval (65.9-72.5) and per antigen, it ranged from 83.1% for measles to 95.7% for BCG. Factors associated with incomplete immunization were the absence of immunization card (p < 0.001), respondents' sex (p < 0.001), level of education (p < 0.001), marital status (p < 0.001) and the level of the health structure in the organization of the Togolese health system (p < 0.001). Obstacles to immunization were mainly the lack of money to pay for immunization fees (38.4%) and forgetting the immunization appointment (28.1%).


Asunto(s)
Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Cobertura de Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/economía , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Factores Socioeconómicos , Togo , Cobertura de Vacunación/economía
9.
Clin Infect Dis ; 69(6): 1019-1026, 2019 08 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520971

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of both high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and anal cancer incidence. We conducted the first national study in Togo to assess human papillomavirus (HPV), HIV, and other sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM recruited in 4 Togolese cities. Anal swabs were collected to test HPV, herpes simplex virus (HSV), and 7 STIs. RESULTS: Among the 207 MSM, HIV and high-risk HPV (hrHPV) overall prevalence were 26.1% and 44.9%, respectively. The most common hrHPV types were HPV-35 (15.0%) and HPV-16 (13.0%). Prevalence of hrHPV and multiple HPV infections were higher among HIV-infected than among HIV-uninfected MSM (85.2% vs 30.7%, P < 10-5 and 85.2% vs 28.7%, P < 10-5, respectively). Other STIs, except hepatitis B virus, were also more prevalent among HIV-infected MSM (Neisseria gonorrhoeae, P = .03; Mycoplasma genitalium, P = .04; HSV-2, P = .001; and a trend for Chlamydia trachomatis, P = .06). In multivariate analysis (adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval]), HIV (10.1 [4.0-25.6]), living in Lomé (2.8 [1.1-7.1]), HSV-2 excretion (26.7 [2.9-244.3]), C. trachomatis (11.7 [2.3-58.9]), and M. genitalium infection (9.6 [3.1-29.9]) were associated with increased risk of hrHPV infection. CONCLUSIONS: We report a high burden of anal STIs with an unusual hrHPV type distribution among MSM, highlighting the critical need of implementation of a national strategy regarding prevention of STIs and vaccination against HPV.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Homosexualidad Masculina , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/epidemiología , Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Coinfección , Estudios Transversales , Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades , Femenino , VIH , Infecciones por VIH/transmisión , Infecciones por VIH/virología , Humanos , Masculino , Papillomaviridae/clasificación , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/transmisión , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/virología , Prevalencia , Vigilancia en Salud Pública , Factores de Riesgo , Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual/etiología , Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual/transmisión , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Togo/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
10.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 952, 2018 08 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071824

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Inadequate immunization coverage remains a public health problem in Africa. In Togo, only 62% of children under one year of age were fully immunized in 2013. This study aimed to estimate the immunization coverage among children aged 12-23 months, and to identify factors associated with incomplete immunization status in Togo. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the six health regions of Togo. Children aged 12 to 23 months who were living with one of their parents or guardians from selected households were recruited for the study. Data was collected using a pre-tested questionnaire through face-to-face interviews. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were performed to assess factors associated with incomplete immunization coverage. RESULTS: A total of 1261 households were included. Respondents were predominantly women (91.9%) and 22.8% had secondary or higher education level. Immunization cards were available for 85.3% of children. Complete immunization coverage was 72.3%, 95% confidence interval (CI): [69.7-74.8]). After controlling for both individual and contextual level variables, children whose mothers attended secondary school or above were 33% (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) = 0.67, CI [0.47-0.94]) less likely to have an incomplete immunization coverage compared to those with no education. The likelihood of incomplete immunization in children decreased with the increase in household's income (aOR = 0.73, 95% CI [0.58-0.93]), children who did not have an immunization card (aOR = 13.41, 95% CI [9.19-19.57]) and those whose parents did not know that children immunization was free of charge (aOR = 1.82, 95% CI [1.00-3.30]) were more likely to have an incomplete immunization. Finally, children whose parents had to walk half an hour to one hour to reach a healthcare center were 57% (aOR = 1.57, 95% CI [1.15-2.13]) more likely to have an incomplete immunization coverage than those whose parents had to walk less than half an hour. CONCLUSION: The goal of 90% coverage at the national level has not been achieved in 2017. Innovative strategies such as using electronic cards and strengthening sensitization activities must be initiated in order to attain a complete immunization coverage in Togo.


Asunto(s)
Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Análisis Multinivel , Oportunidad Relativa , Padres , Factores Socioeconómicos , Factores de Tiempo , Togo , Transportes , Cobertura de Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos
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