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BMC Health Serv Res ; 17(1): 474, 2017 07 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28697729


BACKGROUND: Trust within organizations is important for ensuring members' acceptance of the organization's activities and to expand their scope of action. Remarkably, Patient Organizations (POs) that often both function as a forum for self-help and represent patients on the health-political level, have been understudied in this respect. This paper analyzes the relation between trust and representation in POs. We distinguish between two models of representation originating from political theory: the trustee and delegate model and between two types of trust: horizontal and vertical trust. METHODS: Our theoretical approach is illustrated with an analysis of 13 interviews with representatives of German POs. RESULTS: We have found that the delegate model requires horizontal trust and the trustee model vertical trust. Both models: horizontal/delegate and vertical/trustee exist within single POs. CONCLUSIONS: The representation process within POs demands a balancing act between inclusion of affected persons and strategically aggregating a clear-cut political claim. Trust plays in that process of coming from individual wishes to collective and political standpoints a major role both in terms of horizontal as well as vertical trust. Horizontal trust serves the communication between affected members, and vertical trust allows representatives to be decisive.

Modelos Psicológicos , Defensa del Paciente , Confianza/psicología , Alemania , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Participación del Paciente , Investigación Cualitativa , Grupos de Autoayuda