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1.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e190159, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040193

RESUMEN

As Diretrizes Curriculares do curso de graduação em Medicina de 2014 incluem a Saúde Mental (SM) como uma das áreas obrigatórias do internato. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o internato integrado de SM e de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (MFC) da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) e a fundamentação da escolha da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) como cenário de formação dos internos. Trata-se do relato da experiência do internato integrado de SM e MFC da UFRJ e da discussão de seus marcos teóricos. A alta prevalência de sofrimento psíquico e transtornos mentais na APS, o fato de ela ser a porta de entrada do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e o fato de que a faculdade de Medicina deve formar médicos generalistas fazem deste cenário lócus privilegiado para o treinamento dos internos de Medicina em SM.(AU)


Las Directrices Curriculares del Curso de Graduación en Medicina de Curso de 2014 incluyen la salud mental (SM) como una de las áreas obligatorias del internado. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el internado integrado de SM y Medicina de Familia y Comunidad (MFC) de la UFRJ y la fundamentación de la Escuela de Atención Primaria de la Salud (APS) como escenario de formación de los internos. Se trata del relato del internado integrado de SM y MFC de la UFRJ y de la discusión de sus marcos teóricos. La alta prevalencia de sufrimiento psíquico y trastornos mentales en la APS, el hecho de que la APS es la puerta de entrada del sistema único de salud (SUS) y el hecho de que la facultad de medicina debe formar a médicos generalistas, hace que este escenario sea un locus privilegiado para el entrenamiento de los internos de medicina en salud mental.(AU)


The 2014 Curricular Guidelines of the medical undergraduate courses include Mental Health (MH) as one of the required areas of internship. The objective of this paper is to present the integrated internship for MH and Family and Community Medicine (FCM) of UFRJ, as well as the rationale for choosing Primary Health Care (PHC) as the setting for the internship training. It presents a report of the experience of the integrated internship for MH and FCM of UFRJ and the discussion of its theoretical frameworks. The high prevalence of psychological distress and mental disorders in PHC, the fact that PHC is the gateway to the unified national health system (SUS) and the fact that the medical school must train general practitioners, make PHC a privileged locus for the training of medical interns in mental health.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Atención Primaria de Salud/normas , Salud Mental/educación , Educación Médica/legislación & jurisprudencia , Internado y Residencia/tendencias , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria
2.
Skinmed ; 17(4): 261-265, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627788

RESUMEN

In Type II lepromatous reaction, there is exacerbation of humoral immunity, classified as Gell & Coombs Type III hypersensitivity reaction. It is more common in lepromatous borderline (LB) and lepromatous lepromatous (LL) patients. Our objective was to study the clinical and laboratorial expressions of lepromatous Type II reactions, establishing concordances between them, and for this the medical records of leprosy patients observed at the Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (HUCFF/UFRJ) were reviewed. There were a total of 358 leprosy cases over a period of 12 years. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of 133 patients with Type II reaction were collected. Among the 133 patients, 19 were classified as borderline borderline (BB), 15 (11.3%) as LB, and 97 (72.9%) as LL. Mitsuda intradermal reaction was negative in all the 49 patients who underwent this test. Histopathologic study confirmed the diagnosis. Lepromatous patients (LP) presented positive bacilloscopy more frequently (73.91% of 68 patients) than borderline patients (BP) (26.9% of 24 patients). Among BP, 44% presented erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL), which was seen in 71% of LP. Erythema multiforme (EM) occurred in 32% of BP and 13% of LP. Lucio phenomenon (LPh) was observed in 8 of 34 BP (23.6%), and 15 of 97 LP (15.4%). The understanding of the laboratorial and clinical presentations of reactional episodes are relevant to the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies, in order to avoid potential complications and comorbidities that cause disability, paralysis, deformities, and stigma of leprosy.

3.
Clin Case Rep ; 7(9): 1782-1786, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534749

RESUMEN

We report a woman with two giant Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) on the back, the largest with 12 cm in diameter, inside a vitiligo plaque. They were metatypical subtype BCC associated with a nodular subtype area. Thinking of BCC in vitiligo lesion is extremely important. Giant BCC and vitiligo are rare association.

4.
Case Rep Dermatol ; 9(3): 184-189, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29118701

RESUMEN

Nevus comedonicus is a rare cutaneous anomaly, characterized by the clustering of papules with firm, blackened horny buffers. It in general has a zosteriform pattern and affects both genders equally. In some patients, there is formation of cysts, abscesses, and fistulas, aggravating its psychosocial impact. The association with extracutaneous lesions characterizes the nevus comedonicus syndrome. Despite several therapeutic options, the result is unsatisfactory in most cases. We report the case of a man with an exuberant congenital lesion, affecting the left suprascapular region, arm, and forearm.

5.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 41(2): 320-326, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898118

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Introduction A preceptor is understood as a health care professional with an important role in introducing students and recently graduated doctors into professional practice. However, studies into medical teaching in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) have shown inadequacies in the quality, training and time spent by the tutors with students. In the municipality of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), the expansion of the FHS was belated, resulting in a vacuum of medical students being inserted into the network. Objective To understand the perception of Family Health Strategy physician preceptors regarding their performance with medical student interns from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Methods This is a case study which employed a qualitative method and took place in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Semi-structured interviews were conducted between September 2011 and March 2012, with 15 preceptors from six Family Clinics receiving UFRJ medical interns. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, read and subjected to thematic content analysis, resulting in the establishment of five categories: encouragement and motivation; appreciation; training; real world versus academic world; teaching-service integration. Results The preceptors report that they feel recognized and encouraged by the students, but do not feel appreciated by the service coordinators, who fail to allocate adequate space and time to their preceptorship activities. A good relationship is established with both tutors and students. The preceptors would like to be trained in preceptorship and to strengthen their ties to UFRJ. They view their time with the students as both precious and challenging, because it stimulates them to rethink their care practices. They recognize in the internship the opportunity for students to gain practical experience of what has been learned in theory. Conclusion The preceptors' work is supported by the good relationship established between preceptors, tutors and students but efforts are needed to value the professionals who perform this practice.


RESUMO Introdução O preceptor é entendido como o profissional da rede assistencial que tem importante papel na inserção do graduando e do recém-graduado na prática profissional. Entretanto, estudos sobre o ensino da prática médica na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) têm mostrado inadequações na qualidade, na capacitação e no tempo destinado pelos preceptores aos estudantes. No município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), a expansão da ESF se deu tardiamente, o que resultou num vácuo da inserção do aluno de Medicina na rede. Objetivo Conhecer as percepções dos médicos preceptores da Estratégia Saúde da Família quanto à sua atuação junto aos internos de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Método Pesquisa exploratória, do tipo estudo de caso, de abordagem qualitativa, realizada no município do RJ. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas, entre setembro de 2011 e março de 2012, com 15 preceptores das seis Clínicas da Família que recebem internos de Medicina da UFRJ. As entrevistas foram gravadas, transcritas, lidas e tratadas por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo temática, da qual emergiram cinco categorias: estímulo e motivação; valorização; capacitação; mundo real versus mundo acadêmico; integração ensino-serviço. Resultados Os preceptores se sentem reconhecidos e estimulados pelos alunos, mas não sentem a valorização pela chefia do serviço, que não libera espaço físico e horário para as atividades. Há uma boa relação estabelecida com os tutores e os alunos da UFRJ, mas desejam receber capacitação para a preceptoria e estreitar o vínculo com a UFRJ. Percebem o tempo destinado ao aluno como precioso e ao mesmo tempo desafiador, estimulando-os a repensar suas práticas do cuidado. Reconhecem no estágio a oportunidade para os internos vivenciarem na prática o que foi apreendido na teoria. Conclusão A prática de preceptoria encontra sustentação na boa relação estabelecida entre os preceptores, tutores e alunos, mas são necessários esforços para a valorização dos profissionais que desempenham esta prática.

6.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 41(1): 79-85, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-843589

RESUMEN

RESUMO Introdução O preceptor é entendido como o profissional da rede assistencial que tem importante papel na inserção do graduando e do recém-graduado na prática profissional. Entretanto, estudos sobre o ensino da prática médica na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) têm mostrado inadequações na qualidade, na capacitação e no tempo destinado pelos preceptores aos estudantes. No município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), a expansão da ESF se deu tardiamente, o que resultou num vácuo da inserção do aluno de Medicina na rede. Objetivo Conhecer as percepções dos médicos preceptores da Estratégia Saúde da Família quanto à sua atuação junto aos internos de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Método Pesquisa exploratória, do tipo estudo de caso, de abordagem qualitativa, realizada no município do RJ. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas, entre setembro de 2011 e março de 2012, com 15 preceptores das seis Clínicas da Família que recebem internos de Medicina da UFRJ. As entrevistas foram gravadas, transcritas, lidas e tratadas por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo temática, da qual emergiram cinco categorias: estímulo e motivação; valorização; capacitação; mundo real versus mundo acadêmico; integração ensino-serviço. Resultados Os preceptores se sentem reconhecidos e estimulados pelos alunos, mas não sentem a valorização pela chefia do serviço, que não libera espaço físico e horário para as atividades. Há uma boa relação estabelecida com os tutores e os alunos da UFRJ, mas desejam receber capacitação para a preceptoria e estreitar o vínculo com a UFRJ. Percebem o tempo destinado ao aluno como precioso e ao mesmo tempo desafiador, estimulando-os a repensar suas práticas do cuidado. Reconhecem no estágio a oportunidade para os internos vivenciarem na prática o que foi apreendido na teoria. Conclusão A prática de preceptoria encontra sustentação na boa relação estabelecida entre os preceptores, tutores e alunos, mas são necessários esforços para a valorização dos profissionais que desempenham esta prática.


ABSTRACT Introduction A preceptor is understood as a health care professional with an important role in introducing students and recently graduated doctors into professional practice. However, studies into medical teaching in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) have shown inadequacies in the quality, training and time spent by the tutors with students. In the municipality of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), the expansion of the FHS was belated, resulting in a vacuum of medical students being inserted into the network. Objective To understand the perception of Family Health Strategy physician preceptors regarding their performance with medical student interns from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Methods This is a case study which employed a qualitative method and took place in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Semi-structured interviews were conducted between September 2011 and March 2012, with 15 preceptors from six Family Clinics receiving UFRJ medical interns. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, read and subjected to thematic content analysis, resulting in the establishment of five categories: encouragement and motivation; appreciation; training; real world versus academic world; teaching-service integration. Results The preceptors report that they feel recognized and encouraged by the students, but do not feel appreciated by the service coordinators, who fail to allocate adequate space and time to their preceptorship activities. A good relationship is established with both tutors and students. The preceptors would like to be trained in preceptorship and to strengthen their ties to UFRJ. They view their time with the students as both precious and challenging, because it stimulates them to rethink their care practices. They recognize in the internship the opportunity for students to gain practical experience of what has been learned in theory. Conclusion The preceptors’ work is supported by the good relationship established between preceptors, tutors and students but efforts are needed to value the professionals who perform this practice.

7.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 10(4): e0004644, 2016 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27124408

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study is about the contribution of occupational therapy inside a rehabilitation group, and we focus on the autonomy of patients with disabilities due to leprosy. There are few studies on the use of assistive technology by leprosy patients; to our knowledge, none of them aim to have a subjective approach of care. Our purpose was to analyze the repercussions of assistive technology on autonomy of care of the self in patients with sequels of leprosy. METHODS: A qualitative, descriptive exploratory study with a semi-structured interview and a field observation as a research method was conducted between November 2014 and February 2015 at a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. FINDINGS: Eight patients from the service of Occupational Therapy were interviewed, and 44 hours of observation were performed. Interviews followed a semi-structured script and a field journal was used to take notes. Analysis was conducted by the hermeneutic approach. Costs were obtained after a global cost analysis of the fixed and variable expenses and direct and indirect costs to the manufactured products with an amount of 100 dollars. Results were grouped according to the following categories: contribution of the adapted devices for the care of the self and feelings and sensations provoked by the use of self-help devices. The reports revealed feelings, perceptions and meaningful contents about the social, familiar and individual dimensions, also the stigma coupled with leprosy. However, forms of re-signification were elaborated. CONCLUSIONS: Assistive technology empowers the subject to perform care of the self and promotes social inclusion.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad , Lepra/terapia , Autocuidado/métodos , Dispositivos de Autoayuda , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Lepra/psicología , Aislamiento Social
8.
Trop Med Health ; 43(3): 195-9, 2015 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26543396

RESUMEN

Leprosy leads to chronic granulomatous inflammation in skin and peripheral nerves that can lead to sensory, motor and autonomic impairments. Autonomic dysfunctions may result in dryness and cracking of the skin. In this study, we present the use of ozone provided by a high-frequency device to treat hand ulcers (wounds) in an 80-year-old man who was diagnosed as multibacillary in 2007. In the first visit, the patient was evaluated and received verbal and written instructions about self-care. Treatment consisted of five sessions, once per week. The ozone provided by a high-frequency device seemed to be useful in the treatment of ulcers, thus, contributing to the healing process. Research that investigates the use of high frequencies in the treatment of ulcers associated or not with other interventions (self-care strategies, protective clothing, adapted tools and footwear adaptation) is strongly recommended.

9.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 9(7): e0003944, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26203653

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Leprosy is an endemic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae that predominantly attacks the skin and peripheral nerves, leading to progressive impairment of motor, sensory and autonomic function. Little is known about how this peripheral neuropathy affects corticospinal excitability of handgrip muscles. Our purpose was to explore the motor cortex organization after progressive peripheral nerve injury and upper-limb dysfunction induced by leprosy using noninvasive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study design, we mapped bilaterally in the primary motor cortex (M1) the representations of the hand flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), as well as of the intrinsic hand muscles abductor pollicis brevis (APB), first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM). All participants underwent clinical assessment, handgrip dynamometry and motor and sensory nerve conduction exams 30 days before mapping. Wilcoxon signed rank and Mann-Whitney tests were performed with an alpha-value of p<0.05. FINDINGS: Dynamometry performance of the patients' most affected hand (MAH), was worse than that of the less affected hand (LAH) and of healthy controls participants (p = 0.031), confirming handgrip impairment. Motor threshold (MT) of the FDS muscle was higher in both hemispheres in patients as compared to controls, and lower in the hemisphere contralateral to the MAH when compared to that of the LAH. Moreover, motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitudes collected in the FDS of the MAH were higher in comparison to those of controls. Strikingly, MEPs in the intrinsic hand muscle FDI had lower amplitudes in the hemisphere contralateral to MAH as compared to those of the LAH and the control group. Taken together, these results are suggestive of a more robust representation of an extrinsic hand flexor and impaired intrinsic hand muscle function in the hemisphere contralateral to the MAH due to leprosy. CONCLUSION: Decreased sensory-motor function induced by leprosy affects handgrip muscle representation in M1.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza de la Mano , Lepra/patología , Corteza Motora/patología , Neuronas Motoras/fisiología , Fuerza Muscular/fisiología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Transversales , Electromiografía/métodos , Femenino , Lateralidad Funcional , Humanos , Masculino , Conducción Nerviosa/fisiología , Tractos Piramidales/patología , Tractos Piramidales/fisiología
10.
Int J Womens Dermatol ; 1(1): 47-50, 2015 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28491955

RESUMEN

Oleoma is a non-allergic, foreign body type granulomatous reaction. It appears as response to oily exogenous substances injected to the dermis or subcutis for aesthetical purposes. Treatment for localized lesions is surgical. When they are multiple, steroids may show some result. Newer therapeutic possibilities are being introduced and colchicine constitutes an alternative that is financially accessible and safe in moderate doses for certain dermatological illnesses. We present two women with oleoma on the legs treated with oral colchicine. This option was due to the extension of the clinical picture, which would not have a good surgical outcome. There was significant improvement in one patient, while we had to interrupt the medication in the other because of side effects.

11.
Lepr Rev ; 85(3): 186-93, 2014 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25509719

RESUMEN

Leprosy is widely known because of progressive damage to the peripheral nerves. In spite of multidrug therapy, some patients develop chronic neuropathic pain after bacteriological cure. Chronic pain is associated with psychological distress and is also an important predictor of poor quality of life. The aim of this study is to assess psychological distress in leprosy patients with chronic neuropathic pain, and its repercussions on their quality of life. The sample of this cross-sectional study comprised patients with chronic neuropathic pain after multidrug therapy. Neuropathic pain was confirmed by clinical examination and by the Douleur neuropathique en 4 questions questionnaire. Pain intensity was assessed using a visual analogic scale (VAS) ruler. The psychological health of the participants was measured using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire, and the WHOQOL-bref was used to assess quality of life. The mean pain intensity reported by participants on the VAS was 7.1 cm (SD = 2.9). No differences in pain intensity with respect to gender were observed. Psychological distress was present in 76.2% of participants, being higher in those with Grade 2 of disability. Patients with psychological distress had the lowest mean scores in all domains of the WHOQOL-bref. The lowest mean scores according to domain were physical (9.9; SD = 3.3), followed by environment (11.9; SD = 3.0), psychological (13.5; SD = 2.6) and social relations (14.0; SD = 3.7). In conclusion, our study identified the presence of psychological distress in most of the participants. Patients with chronic neuropathic pain who were also found to have high psychological distress levels had higher pain intensity and a poorer quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Lepra/complicaciones , Neuralgia/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Adulto , Personas con Discapacidad/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neuralgia/etiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Lepr Rev ; 85(3): 208-17, 2014 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25509722

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To describe the social participation frequency and the physical disability of patients who were discharged after the multidrug therapy (MDT/WHO) and factors associated with these variables. METHOD: A cross-sectional and analytical study, examining associations, which took place Nova Iguaçu/Brazil. A random sample of patients treated with multidrug therapy from 1997 to 2006 was selected. The rationale for sample size was determined by the estimated proportion of physical disability in the amount of 23%, with an acceptable sampling error rate of 5%; significance level was established as 5% among the 1080 patients finally a total sample of 225 patients. The evaluations were performed from January 2010 to December 2011 and Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected from the applications completed in the national notifiable diseases information system (SINAN). RESULTS: In the period of interest, 2179 cases were diagnosed with leprosy; 1080 met the criteria for inclusion. Of these, 225 were randomly selected patients who had mean age 56.12 (±17.34 years), 55.6% were women, 39.9% went to high school and 28.9% were Caucasians. A total of 55.3% (125) showed multibacillary form, with a predominant dimorphous leprosy in 40.4%. Physical disability was present in 60.9% and social restrictions in 24.9% of patients. The variable physical disability was associated with the therapeutic regimen multibacillary and social participation. CONCLUSION: We observed a high frequency of disability and social restriction after long period after the start of MDT/WHO suggesting the late diagnosis of leprosy or inadequate follow-up after discharge. This study highlights the importance of systematic monitoring of these patients with their own criteria which could be held at the Family Health Strategy.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad/psicología , Leprostáticos/uso terapéutico , Lepra/tratamiento farmacológico , Lepra/psicología , Participación Social , Adulto , Anciano , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Quimioterapia Combinada , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
13.
Lepr Rev ; 84(2): 119-23, 2013 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24171236

RESUMEN

Surgical nerve decompression in leprosy is indicated to prevent or treat nerve damage, and to improve sensory motor function and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to describe QoL of leprosy patients after surgical nerve decompression. Participants who underwent neurolysis in the last 5 years were recruited. The assessment consisted of collecting demographic and clinical information, QoL and its domain scores. Descriptive statistical analysis of demographic and clinical data was presented. Included 33 patients (43 +/- 11.0 years) who had neurolysis with a total of 61 nerves operated. The results of WHOQOL-bref showed that overall QoL mean was 11.2 (+/- 3.63) and domains scored as follow: physical (11.0 +/- 3.56), environment (11.47 +/- 2.11), psychological (13.29 +/- 2.79) and social relations (15.03 +/- 3.66). Measures of QoL should become part of the standard battery of tools used to assess health and well-being and it may contribute to identifying patients' needs in rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Lepra/cirugía , Bloqueo Nervioso/métodos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Lepra/psicología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Fisioter. pesqui ; 20(2): 184-190, abr.-jun. 2013. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: lil-683210

RESUMEN

A neurólise é indicada para reduzir o ­sofrimento neural e impedir a instalação de sequelas e incapacidades em pacientes com hanseníase. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o grau de limitação das atividades e a qualidade de vida de pacientes com hanseníase submetidos a neurólise para tratamento das neurites. Participaram do estudo os pacientes submetidos à neurólise no período de 1998 a 2011. Foram coletadas informações sociodemográficas e clínicas, limitações das atividades (SALSA) e a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL-bref). As análises estatísticas incluíram a frequência, as medidas de tendência central e dispersão, os testes de Mann-Whitney e Kruskall-Wallis e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman adotando-se p<0,05. A amostra foi composta por 36 pacientes com média de idade de 44,0 anos e 3 anos de pós-operatório. Seis pacientes apresentaram grau 0 de incapacidade; 18, grau 1 e 12, grau 2. A principal diferença da escala SALSA ocorreu entre o grau 0 (média 31,8) e o grau 1 (média 42,56). Os valores obtidos na análise do WHOQOL-bref incluíram os domínios físico (média 11,10), psicológico (média 13,41), relações sociais (média 15,15), meio ambiente (média 11,63). As facetas do WHOQOL-bref mais comprometidas foram: capacidade para o trabalho; sentimentos ­negativos (psicológico); atividade sexual (relações sociais); recursos financeiros (meio ambiente). Apesar da realização da neurólise, a maior parte dos integrantes apresentou limitações nas atividades, sendo maior naqueles com incapacidades físicas. A maior insatisfação na qualidade de vida foi no domínio físico, principalmente no que se refere à dor e à necessidade de cuidados de saúde...


Neurolysis is indicated to reduce neural suffering and to prevent sequelae and disabilities in leprosy patients. The aim of this study was to determine the ­degree of limitation of daily activities and quality of life in leprosy patients submitted to neurolysis for neuritis treatment. The study included patients who underwent neurolysis from 1998 to 2011. We collected demographic and clinical information, data about activity limitations (Screening of Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness [SALSA]) and quality of life (WHO Quality of Life - Short Form-26 [WHOQOL-BREF]). Statistical analyses included frequency, central tendency and dispersion measures, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis' tests, and Spearman's correlation coefficient adopting p<0.05. The sample consisted of 36 patients with a mean age of 44.0 years and three years of postoperative period. Six patients had disability grade 0, 18 patients had grade 1, and 12 patients had grade 2. The main difference between the SALSA scale occurred between grades 0 (mean 31.8) and 1 (mean 42.56). The results obtained in the analysis of the WHOQOL-BREF included the following domains: physical facets (mean 11.10), psychological facets (mean 13.41), social relationships (mean 15.15), and environmental facets (mean 11.63). The most affected facets of the WHOQOL-BREF were as follows: work ability (physical), negative feelings (psychological), sexual ­activity (social relationships), and financial resources (environmental). Despite the neurolysis, most subjects showed activity limitations, which were found to be higher in people with physical disabilities. The major dissatisfaction observed in the quality of life was in the physical domain, especially with regard to pain and the need for medical care...


La neurólisis es indicada para reducir el sufrimiento neural e impedir la instalación de secuelas e incapacidades en pacientes con lepra. El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar el grado de limitación de las actividades de la vida diaria y la calidad de vida de pacientes con lepra sometidos a neurólisis para el tratamiento de las neuritas. Participaron del estudio los pacientes sometidos a neurólisis en el período de 1998 a 2011. Fueron recolectadas informaciones sociodemográficas y clínicas, limitaciones de las actividades (SALSA) y la calidad de vida (WHOQOL-bref). Los análisis estadísticos incluirán la frecuencia, las medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, los tests de Mann-Whitney, Kruskall-Wallis y los coeficientes de correlación de Spearman adoptando p<0,05. La muestra fue compuesta por 36 pacientes con edad media de 44,0 años y 3 años de post-operatorio. Seis pacientes presentan grado 0 de incapacidad, 18 grado 1 y 12 grado 2. La principal diferencia en la escala SALSA ocurrió entre el grado 0 (media=31,8) y el grado 1 (media=42,56). Los valores obtenidos en el análisis de WHOQOL-bref incluyen los dominios físico (media 11,10); psicológico (media 13,41); relaciones sociales (media 15,15); medio ambiente (media 11,63). Las facetas del WHOQOL-bref más comprometidas fueron la capacidad para el trabajo; sentimientos negativos (psicológico); actividad sexual (relaciones sociales); recursos financieros (medio ambiente). A pesar de la realización de la neurólisis, la mayor parte de los integrantes presentaron limitaciones en las actividades, siendo mayor en aquellos con incapacidades físicas. La mayor insatisfacción en la calidad de vida fue en el dominio físico, principalmente en los que se refiere al dolor y la necesidad de cuidados de salud...


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Persona de Mediana Edad , Actividades Cotidianas/psicología , Lepra/diagnóstico , Lepra/psicología , Lepra/rehabilitación , Neuritas/cirugía , Neuritas/rehabilitación , Neuritas/terapia , Calidad de Vida , Terapéutica
15.
Pain Manag ; 3(3): 201-10, 2013 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24654763

RESUMEN

Leprosy is still considered to be endemic in several developing countries, such as India and Brazil. Infection with Mycobacterium leprae leads to chronic granulomatous inflammation in skin and peripheral nerves that can lead to sensory, motor and autonomic impairments. Since the disease causes severe sensory loss, little attention has been given to pain in leprosy. However, chronic pain in leprosy is being increasingly recognized as an important late complication of leprosy. This article discusses the assessment of pain in leprosy and suggests factors that can contribute to the chronicity. We also consider pain as a multiple system output, bringing the possibility of new treatment options for chronic pain in leprosy.

16.
Foot Ankle Spec ; 5(1): 45-50, 2012 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21965582

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to access the postoperative functional results of posterior tibial tendon transfer for foot drop as a consequence of nerve palsy in leprosy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (9 males and 4 females) with ages ranging from 9 to 69 years were submitted to posterior tibial tendon transfer by the circumtibial route to correct foot drop in leprosy. The length of postoperative follow-up ranged from 1 to 5 years. The Stanmore system was used as a method for evaluating the functional results of postoperative posterior tibial tendon transfer. This system is made up of 7 different categories and the total score is 100. RESULTS: According to the Stanmore system, the results were poor in 1 patient (7.6%), moderate in 2 feet (15.3%), good in 5 feet (38.4%), and excellent in 5 feet (38.4%). All the patients were satisfied with the final outcome. CONCLUSION: The posterior tibial tendon transfer for foot drop in leprosy was efficient in restoring normal function of the foot and gait without changing foot posture. In the absence of a standardized method for assessing the results of posterior tibial tendon transfer, the Stanmore system seems to be a good tool for an objective evaluation.


Asunto(s)
Deformidades Adquiridas del Pie/cirugía , Lepra/complicaciones , Neuropatías Peroneas/cirugía , Transferencia Tendinosa/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Brasil , Niño , Estudios de Cohortes , Intervalos de Confianza , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Deformidades Adquiridas del Pie/etiología , Humanos , Lepra/diagnóstico , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Músculo Esquelético/cirugía , Neuropatías Peroneas/etiología , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Cuidados Preoperatorios/métodos , Rango del Movimiento Articular/fisiología , Recuperación de la Función , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
18.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 16(2)abr.-jun. 2008. graf, tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-533105

RESUMEN

Single skin lesion, paucibacillary (SSL-PB) leprosy is considered an early diseasemanifestation. This study evaluated the clinical outcome of a cohort of 259 newlydiagnosed SSL-PB treated with one dose of rifampicin, ofloxacin, minocycline (ROM)and followed-up for three-years. Patients were recruited from the North, Central Westand Southeast regions in Brazil (1997-2001). The result expected with ROM therapywas disappearance or the reduction of lesion size. Manifestations that required additional intervention were considered as poor clinical outcome: type-1 reaction (T1R) with orwithout neuritis, neuritis alone, increase in lesion size and shift from paucibacillary tomultibacillary. The incidence of poor clinical outcome was calculated by personmonthand with the Kaplan-Meier methods. 61.8% of the participants were females,mean age 32.2, and 67.2% had borderline tuberculoid (BT) or tuberculoid forms. T1Rwas the predominant event; shift from paucibacillary to multibacillary was rare. 92.0%of the volunteers shown no events during the first year, the same occurring to 80.6%of them after 3 years of clinical monitoring. The probability of remaining event-freewas highest among those 40 years old or younger. Poor outcome predominated amongBT patients. Extended monitoring of SSL-PB leprosy cases under minimal therapyprovided valuable case management information for reference centers.


Lesão única paucibacilar (SSL-PB) é considerada manifestação clínica inicial dahanseníase. Este estudo avaliou resultado clínico de coorte de 259 pacientes SSL-PBrecém-diagnosticados, tratados com esquema de dose única Rifampicina, Ofloxacina,Minociclina (ROM) e acompanhados por 3 anos (1997-2001) nas regiões Norte,Centro-Oeste e Sudeste. O resultado esperado do tratamento ROM compreendedesaparecimento ou diminuição da lesão. O desfecho foi definido como qualquerevento clínico com indicação de terapia adicional: reação tipo 1 (T1R) com ou semneurite, neurite, aumento de tamanho de lesão e mudança de paucibacilar paramultibacilar. Estas manifestações foram consideradas eventos clínicos desfavoráveis,calculados por densidade de incidência (pessoa-tempo) e por Kaplan-Meier. 61,8%dos participantes eram mulheres (32,2 média idade), 67,2% borderline-tuberculoide(BT) e tuberculoide. T1R foi o desfecho predominante; mudança de paucibacilar paramultibacilar foi rara. 92,0% não apresentaram eventos desfavoráveis no primeiro anoe 80,6% ao final de três anos de monitoramento clínico. Participantes com idade d?40 anos tiveram maior probabilidade de permanecerem sem evento e evolução clínicadesfavorável predominou entre pacientes BT. Monitoramento prolongado de hanseníaselesão-única PB tratados com esquema mínimo forneceu dados importantes sobremanejo clínico para os centros de referência.

19.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 16(2): 363-376, abr.-jun. 2008. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-529797

RESUMEN

Single skin lesion, paucibacillary (SSL PB) leprosy is considered an early disease manifestation. This study evaluated the clinical outcome of a cohort of 259 newly diagnosed SSL PB treated with one dose of rifampicin, ofloxacin, minocycline (ROM) and followed up three years. Patients were recruited from the North, Central West and Southeast regions in Brazil (1997-2001). The result expected with ROM therapy was disappearance or the reduction of lesion size. Manifestations that required additional intervention were considered as poor clinical outcome: type 1 reaction (T1R) with or without neuritis, neuritis alone, increase in lesion size and shift from paucibacillary to multibacillary. The incidence of poor clinical outcome was calculated by person month and with the Kaplan Meier methods. 61,8 percent of the participants were females, mean age 32.2 and 67,2 percent had borderline tuberculoid (BT) or tuberculoid forms. TIR was the predominant event; shift from paucibacillary to multibacillary was rare. 92 percent of the volunteers shown no events during the first year, the same occurring to 80,6 percent of them after 3 years of clinical monitoring. The probability of remaining event free was highest among those 40 years old or younger. Poor outcome predominated among BT patients. Extended monitoring of SSL PB leprosy cases under minimal therapy provided valuable case management information for reference centers.


Asunto(s)
Lepra/terapia , Brasil , Estudios de Cohortes
20.
In. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva. Investigações em sistema de saúde e controle da hanseníase. Rio de Janeiro, s.n, abr.-jun., 2008. p.363-376.
No convencional en Inglés | Hanseníase | ID: han-26940

RESUMEN

Single skin lesion, paucibacillary (SSL-PB) leprosy is considered and early disease manifesation. This study the clinical outcome of a cohort of 259 newly diagnosed SSL-PB treated with one dose of rifampicin, ofloxacin, minocycline (ROM) and followed-up for three-years. Patients were recruited from the North, Central West and Southeast regions in Brazil (1997-2001). The result expected with ROM therapy was disappearance or the reduction of lesion size. Manifestation that required additional intervention were considered as poor clinical outcome: type-1 reaction (T1R) with or without neuritis alone, increase in lesion size and shift from paucibacillary to multibacillary. The incidence of poor clinical outcome was calculated by person-month and with the Kaplan-Meier methods. 61.8% of the participants were females, mean age 32.2, and 67,2% had borderline tuberculoid (BT) or tuberculoid forms. T1R was the predominant event; shift from paucibacillary to multibacillaru was rare. 92.0% of the volunteers shown no events during the first year, the same occurring to 80.6% of them after 3 years of clinical monitoring. The probability of remaining event-free was highest among those 40 years old or younger. Poor outcome predominated among BT patients. Extended monitoring of SSL-PB leprosy cases under minimal therapy provided valuable case management information for reference centers. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Lepra/epidemiología , Lepra/inmunología , Lepra/fisiopatología , Dosis Única/métodos , Salud Pública/métodos
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