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1.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 98, 2020 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920611

RESUMEN

The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of two lithium disilicate ceramic processing techniques (pressing and CAD/CAM) on the degree of conversion of resin cement when it is photoactivated and the microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramics. Two ceramic discs were manufactured: one by the Press technique and another by CAD/CAM technique. Five Variolink Veneer resin cement samples were photoactivated through each ceramic disc and subjected to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to evaluate their degree of conversion. To evaluate microshear bond strength, 20 ceramic bars were prepared: 10 using the Press technique and 10 using the CAD/CAM technique. The bars were air abraded with 50-µm Al2O3 particles, treated with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 s and subjected to RelyX Ceramic Primer application. Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose Adhesive was applied to the bars and cured for 10 s. Two 1-mm-height plastic tubes were placed on each bar and filled with Variolink Veneer resin cement. Each cylinder was cured for 20 s. Then the plastic tubes were removed and the microshear bond strength of each cylinder was tested. Data for degree of conversion (%) and microshear bond strength (MPa) were subjected to Student's t-test (α = 0.05). Both degree of conversion of resin cement photoactivated through ceramic and microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramic were statistically higher in the group in which ceramic was prepared by CAD/CAM technique (44.74% and 22.18 MPa) than in the group in which the ceramic was prepared by the Press technique (25.71% and 19.83 MPa). The lithium disilicate ceramic processing techniques affected the degree of conversion of resin cement when it is photoactivated through the ceramics and the microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramics.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica/química , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Porcelana Dental/química , Cementos de Resina/química , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
2.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 33(2): 98-103, Sept. 2020. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130739

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of two lithium disilicate ceramic processing techniques (pressing and CAD/CAM) on the degree of conversion of resin cement when it is photoactivated and the microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramics. Two ceramic discs were manufactured: one by the Press technique and another by CAD/CAM technique. Five Variolink Veneer resin cement samples were photoactivated through each ceramic disc and subjected to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to evaluate their degree of conversion. To evaluate microshear bond strength, 20 ceramic bars were prepared: 10 using the Press technique and 10 using the CAD/CAM technique. The bars were air abraded with 50-μm Al2O3 particles, treated with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 s and subjected to RelyX Ceramic Primer application. Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose Adhesive was applied to the bars and cured for 10 s. Two 1-mm-height plastic tubes were placed on each bar and filled with Variolink Veneer resin cement. Each cylinder was cured for 20 s. Then the plastic tubes were removed and the microshear bond strength of each cylinder was tested. Data for degree of conversion (%) and microshear bond strength (MPa) were subjected to Student's t-test (α = 0.05). Both degree of conversion of resin cement photoactivated through ceramic and microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramic were statistically higher in the group in which ceramic was prepared by CAD/CAM technique (44.74% and 22.18 MPa) than in the group in which the ceramic was prepared by the Press technique (25.71% and 19.83 MPa). The lithium disilicate ceramic processing techniques affected the degree of conversion of resin cement when it is photoactivated through the ceramics and the microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramics.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o efeito de duas técnicas de processamento da cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio (prensada e CAD/CAM) no grau de conversão do cimento resinoso quando fotoativado e na resistência de união ao microcisalhamento do cimento resinoso às cerâmicas. Foram fabricados dois discos de cerâmica: um pela técnica prensada e outro pela técnica CAD/CAM. Cinco amostras de cimento resinoso Variolink Veneer foram fotoativadas através de cada disco cerâmico e submetidas à espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier com reflectância total para avaliar seu grau de conversão. Para avaliar a resistência de união ao microcisalhamento, foram preparadas 20 barras de cerâmicas: 10 utilizando a técnica prensada e 10 utilizando a técnica CAD/CAM. As barras foram tratadas com partículas de Al2O3 (50 μm), com ácido fluorídrico a 10% por 20 s e submetidas à aplicação do RelyX Ceramic Primer. Em seguida, o adesivo multiuso Adper Scotchbond foi aplicado nas barras e fotoativado por 10 s. Dois tubos de plástico de 1 mm de comprimento foram colocados em cada barra e preenchidos com cimento resinoso Variolink Veneer. Cada cilindro foi fotoativado por 20 s. Os tubos de plástico foram removidos e a resistência de união ao microcisalhamento de cada cilindro foi testada. Os dados de grau de conversão (%) e resistência de união ao microcisalhamento (MPa) foram submetidos ao teste t de Student (α = 0,05). Tanto o grau de conversão do cimento resinoso fotoativado através da cerâmica quanto a resistência de união do cimento resinoso à cerâmica foram estatisticamente maiores no grupo em que a cerâmica foi confeccionada pela técnica CAD/CAM (44,74% e 22,18 MPa) do que no grupo em que a cerâmica foi confeccionada pela técnica prensada (25,71% e 19,83 MPa). As técnicas de processamento de cerâmica dissilicada de lítio afetaram o grau de conversão do cimento resinoso quando fotoativado através das cerâmicas e a resistência de união do microcisalhamento do cimento resinoso às cerâmicas.

3.
Am J Dent ; 32(5): 235-239, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675191

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of whitening mouthrinses on sorption (SP) and solubility (SL), percentage of microhardness change (%M), loss of surface (LS), and color change (ΔE) in bulk-fill composites when compared with conventional composites. METHODS: Three bulk-fill composites, Surefil SDR (SF), Filtek Bulk-Fill (BF), and Filtek Bulk-Fill Flow (BFF), and one conventional resin, Filtek Z350 (FZ), were selected. Eighteen samples of each composite were subdivided into three groups based on the type of treatment: Listerine Whitening mouthrinse (LW), Colgate Plax Whitening mouthrinse (CP), and distilled water (DW; control). The samples were prepared according to ISO 4049:2009. Color, roughness, and microhardness were evaluated before and after treatment, while SP and SL values were measured after treatment. The surface morphology of the specimen was examined using scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. RESULTS: FZ presented significantly lower ΔE when immersed in DW. Additionally, LS was lowest in FZ when compared with the other resins. SF and BFF demonstrated high %M. SL was significantly higher in SF, whereas SP was lowest in BFF after CP treatment. No significant alterations in surface morphology were noted in the BF composites. The BF composites showed a decrease in their properties after immersion in the two types of mouthrinses or in DW, without alterations in the surface morphology. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Flowable bulk-fill composites showed the greatest changes in their properties when exposed to different mouthrinses or water. Thus, they should be used with caution in areas that will stay exposed to the oral cavity.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Solubilidad
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