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1.
Can J Urol ; 31(1): 11777-11783, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401257

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Grant funding to Urology has decreased over the last decade. Documented lack of gender and race diversity at the faculty level raises concerns for funding disparities. This study sought to characterize disparities based upon race and gender in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding data to Urologic faculty. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 145 ACGME accredited Urology residency programs incorporating faculty gender and underrepresented in medicine (URiM) status was utilized. The NIH Research Portfolio Online Report Tool was queried between 1985 and 2023 for grants related to current Urology faculty. URiM status, gender, years of practice, academic rank, and Doximity residency program rank were factors in multivariable analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2,131 faculty were included. Three hundred one Urologists received 793 urologic grants for a total of $993,919,052 in funding. By race, grants were awarded to: White 72.9%, Asian 21.8%, Hispanic 3.0%, Black 2.1%. Men received 708 grants (89.3%) worth $917,083,475 total. Women received 85 grants (10.7%) worth $76,835,577 total. Likelihood of being awarded a grant was significantly associated with non-URiM status (p < 0.001) and men (p < 0.0001). On multivariable analysis, Doximity rank (p < 0.001) and academic rank (p < 0.001) were significant predictors of receiving a grant; male gender, URiM status, and years of practice were not. Academic rank was also a significant predictor of number of grants received (p = 0.04) and total funding (p = 0.04); years of practice, Doximity rank, URiM status, and gender were not. CONCLUSIONS: NIH grants were more likely awarded to higher ranked faculty from higher Doximity ranked institutions with no differences based on URiM status or gender.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica , Urología , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Urólogos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
2.
Urology ; 178: 54-60, 2023 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37353089

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare comprehensive continence outcomes in patients receiving pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) vs standard unsupervised home pelvic floor exercise therapy (UPFE). METHODS: As part of the UVA prostatectomy functional outcomes program, participating patients complete a 12-month PFMT program under FPMRS specialist supervision. We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected longitudinal outcomes in patients receiving PFMT vs UPFE through 12-month follow-up. Primary study outcome was ICIQ-MLUTS SUI domain score (SDS). Secondary outcomes included daily pad use (PPD), SUI Cure (SDS=0), and quality of life score (IIQ-7). Multilevel mixed effects linear regression was used to model SDS over time. RESULTS: Analysis included 40 men. No difference in patient characteristics was seen in comparison of PFMT vs UPFE cohorts (P = NS, all comparisons). Mean predicted SDS was significantly better in the PFMT vs UPFE cohorts at 6-month (0.81 ± 0.21 vs 1.75 ± 0.34, respectively) (P = .014) and 12-month (0.72 ± 0.17 vs 1.67 ± 0.30, respectively) (P = .004) time points. At 12-month follow-up, 11 (55%) vs 4 (20%) patients reported absence of SUI in PFMT vs UPFE cohorts, respectively. Predicted probabilities of SUI cure in PFMT vs UPFE cohorts at 12months were 0.52 ± 0.14 vs 0.23 ± 0.13, respectively (P = .14). At 12-month follow-up, the mean predicted PPD and IIQ score was 0.19 ± 0.10 vs 0.79 ± 0.33 and 2.86 ± 0.86 vs 2.55 ± 1.07 in PFMT vs UPFE cohorts, respectively (P = NS). CONCLUSION: In-person, FMPRS-directed PFMT is associated with improved SUI domain scores following robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, a finding durable through 12-month follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Diafragma Pélvico , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo , Masculino , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Calidad de Vida , Terapia por Ejercicio , Prostatectomía/efectos adversos , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo/etiología
3.
Urology ; 178: 9-16, 2023 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37149061

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To characterize academic productivity for underrepresented minorities (URMs) vs non-URMs and by gender in Urology. METHODS: A database was created from 145 Urology residency programs. URM status was determined by origin of name, photo, biography, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Doximity. A PubMed query was performed for publication output. URM status, gender, post-graduate year/years of practice, and Doximity residency rank were factors in multivariable analysis. RESULTS: For residents, the median total publications was 2 [1,5] for URMs and 2 [1,5] for non-URMs (P=.54). The median first/last author publications was 1 [0,2] for URMs and 1 [0,2] for non-URMs (P=.79). The median total publications was 2 [0,4] for women and 2 [1,6] for men (P=.003). The median first/last author publications was 1 [0,2] for women and 1 [0,2] for men (P=.14). For faculty, the median total publications was 12 [3,32] for URMs and 19 [6,45] for non-URMs (P=.0002). The median first/last author publications was 4.5 [1,12] for URMs and 7 [2,20] for non-URM faculty (P=.0002). The median total publications was 11 [5,25] for women and 20 [6,49] for men (P<.0001). The median first/last author publications was 4 [1,11] for women and 8 [2,22] for men (P<.0001). On multivariable analysis, there was no difference in total publications and first/last author publications for URMs vs non-URMs. There remained a difference between genders for residents and faculty with total publications but not first/last author publications (P=.002/P=.10 residents, P=.004/P=.07 faculty). CONCLUSION: Academic productivity was not different in URMs and non-URMs for both residents and faculty. Men residents and faculty had more total publications compared to women.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Urología , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estados Unidos , Urólogos , Grupos Minoritarios , Instituciones Académicas , Urología/educación , Docentes Médicos
4.
Urol Pract ; 10(2): 187-192, 2023 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37103408

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: We characterize factors associated with recruitment of underrepresented in medicine urology trainees and faculty to academic institutions given the excessive disparity between urology and other fields of medicine. METHODS: A database of urology faculty and residents in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education programs was created. Demographic data were obtained from departmental websites, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Doximity. Program prestige was defined by U.S. News and World Report rankings. Program location and city size were determined using the U.S. Census data. Multivariable analysis was performed assessing the association of gender, AUA section, city size, and rankings on underrepresented in medicine recruitment. RESULTS: Of urologists in this study 8.7% were underrepresented in medicine status. More women urologists were underrepresented in medicine (31.4%) than non-underrepresented in medicine (21.3%; P < .001). Factors predictive of more underrepresented in medicine urologists were practice in South Central AUA section (OR 2.1, P = .04), and medium metro areas (OR 1.6, P < .01). Among residents, factors predictive of more underrepresented in medicine urologists were female gender (P < .001), living in medium metro areas (P = .03), and training in top 10 programs (P = .001). Underrepresented in medicine faculty were more likely to be women compared to non-underrepresented in medicine faculty (P = .05). Pearson correlation test found no association between the presence of underrepresented in medicine faculty and underrepresented in medicine residents (r = 0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Underrepresented in medicine urology residents and faculty were more likely to be women, compared to non-underrepresented in medicine residents and faculty. Underrepresented in medicine residents are more prevalent in medium metro areas and in top 10 programs. More underrepresented in medicine faculty status was not associated with more underrepresented in medicine residents.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Medicina , Urología , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Urólogos , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina
7.
Urology ; 171: 251, 2023 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402269

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe a method for replacement of a dislodged critical urethral foley catheter following a robotic- assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. BACKGROUND: Following robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP), a bladder drainage via catheter is necessary to allow for proper healing of the urethrovesical anastomosis. In most cases, this is done using a transurethral foley catheter.1,2 Early traumatic loss of the urethral catheter following RALP is consider a urologic emergency and can lead to vesicourethral anastomotic urine leak, ileus, infection or abscess, and future anastomotic stenosis.3 Replacing the urethral catheter in this situation can be difficult even in experienced hands and often requires imaging assistance. METHOD: A 53-year-old male with Grade Group 4 (Gleason 4 + 4) prostate cancer underwent an uncomplicated RALP. During his post-operative course, his urethral foley catheter fell out or was traumatically removed three times resulting in disruption of the posterior anastomosis. To replace the urethral catheter and prevent it from being dislodged again, a transabdominal approach under ultrasound and cystoscopic guidance was employed to replace the catheter into the bladder and secure it trans abdominally using a single G-tube safety Pexy T fastener. CONCLUSION: This case reports describes a technique used to replace and secure a urethral foley catheter in a patient who suffered from a posterior anastomotic disruption following repeated loss and traumatic removal of his urethral foley catheter during his RALP post-operative course. While replacement of a dislodged urethral foley catheter following a RALP can be challenging, the catheter can safely be placed and secured trans abdominally in these rare but serious situations where the conventional catheter secure devices and patient education alone are not sufficient to prevent removal.


Asunto(s)
Laparoscopía , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Próstata/cirugía , Prostatectomía/métodos , Vejiga Urinaria/cirugía , Cateterismo Urinario/métodos , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Catéteres Urinarios
8.
Urology ; 171: 29-34, 2023 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334769

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes and eventual career paths for unmatched applicants by evaluating a historical cohort of unmatched applicants in the Urology Match. METHODS: The 2008-2014 AUA Match lists were obtained from the Society of Academic Urologists and 730 unique applicants were identified with at least one unmatched result. Additional information such as preliminary training and eventual specialty choice were obtained from publicly available sources. Comparative analysis with univariable and multivariable analysis was performed between eventual urologists and those who chose alternative career paths. RESULTS: Overall, 43.5% (318/730) of unmatched urology applicants subsequently continued their interest in Urology and 77.4% (246/317) of initially unsuccessful applicants eventually became urologists. Males (80.9%, P = .01), Doctor of Osteopathy (DO) degree (62.5%, P = <.001), and those undergoing a research year compared to a preliminary surgery year (85.2% vs 72.0% respectively, P = .047) had an increased likelihood of successfully becoming a urologist. The most common alternative specialty choices were Internal Medicine (13.8%), General Surgery (12.9%) and Anesthesiology (11.9%). CONCLUSION: Urology is a competitive surgical sub-specialty. Surprisingly, approximately 3 in 4 unmatched urology applicants who continue their interest in urology will eventually obtain a residency position. However, only 33.7% of initially unmatched students ultimately became urologists. Unmatched applicants have several viable pathways to obtain a urological residency position. Male gender, a DO degree, and a research year are associated with successfully obtaining a urology residency position.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Especialidades Quirúrgicas , Urología , Humanos , Masculino , Urología/educación , Selección de Profesión , Especialidades Quirúrgicas/educación , Urólogos
9.
Transl Androl Urol ; 12(12): 1775-1784, 2023 Dec 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38196700

RESUMEN

Background: Although pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is widely shown to improve post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI), numerous barriers impede access to formal PFMT and include the limited availability of specialized therapists and financial or scheduling barriers. To address these barriers, we developed a novel online program delivering comprehensive long-term PFMT, pelvic floor education (PFE), and dietary/behavioral modification education. This study is a prospective interim analysis of online PFMT/PFE (oPFMT/PFE), with focus on feasibility, satisfaction, and continence outcomes. Methods: Patients anticipating robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) were recruited (6/2021-9/2022) for oPFMT/PFE. oPFMT/PFE comprises a 12-month program of 3 phases, including multiple exercises with varied contraction types and duration, and comprehensive dietary and behavioral technique education. Incontinence and quality of life (QOL) outcomes are assessed at 3 weeks, 3, 6, and 12 months following RALP using validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-MLUTS) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) questionnaires and additional items assessing satisfaction, improvement, and daily pad use. Primary study outcomes included ICIQ-MLUTS stress urinary incontinence (SUI) domain score (SDS) and SUI cure [ICIQ SUI domain score (SDS) =0]. Interim 6-month analysis was performed using mixed effects linear regression and mixed effects Poisson regression. Results: Analysis included 21 men (64±6 years). At 6-month follow-up, men undergoing oPFMT/PFE showed significant improvement in SDS compared to the 3-week time point [mean ± standard error (SE) =1.05±0.24 vs. 0.45±0.17, P=0.011], but still experienced higher scores than at baseline (P=0.017). Six-month patient-reported improvement averaged 7.42±0.74 (10-point Likert scale). All (100%) of 19 respondents (2 missing data) found the program easy to use, educational, and would recommend it to others, with 89% expressing satisfaction with the program. During patient interview at 6-month follow-up, no men reported inability to access the program online or any adverse events. Finally, IIQ-7 score improved significantly from the 3-week timepoint (4.47±1.10) at both time points (3-month 1.14±0.44, P<0.001 and 6-month 1.10±0.37, P<0.001), and neither 3- nor 6-month scores differed from baseline (P=0.808 and P=0.444, respectively). Conclusions: Our novel oPFMT/PFE yields significant improvements to validated urinary incontinence (UI) and QOL measures, providing a valuable and accessible treatment option for PPI.

10.
Curr Opin Urol ; 32(6): 614-617, 2022 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081394

RESUMEN

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extirpative surgery can play an important role in the management strategies for locally advanced urothelial carcinoma. The current review is intended to relay current information reported in the literature over the past 12 months regarding the usage of surgical resection in advanced urothelial cancers of the bladder and upper tracts, document operative outcomes, and oncologic efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: Multimodal therapy is key to long-term overall survival for advanced urothelial carcinoma. Radical cystectomy with bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection can be performed after an observable response to chemotherapy or immunotherapy for cT4 or cN2 and higher node-positive disease of the bladder. Moreover, radical cystectomy after trimodal therapy similarly yields durable local response. For upper tract disease, nephroureterectomy with regional lymphadenectomy is the primary surgical modality used often in conjunction with perioperative cisplatin-based chemotherapy. SUMMARY: Surgical resection as a monotherapy is not curative in patients with locally advanced urothelial carcinoma. However, its use in combination with systemic agents can potentiate durable long-term survival in a subset of patients. Future studies investigating patient-reported outcomes among those receiving consolidative surgery for locally advanced disease are warranted to guide clinical recommendations.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Transicionales , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria , Carcinoma de Células Transicionales/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Transicionales/cirugía , Cisplatino/uso terapéutico , Cistectomía , Humanos , Nefroureterectomía , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria/cirugía
11.
Urol Pract ; 9(2): 181-189, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37145696

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Our objective is to assess the impact of the virtual interview (VI) format on urology residency interviews during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspectives of program directors (PDs). METHODS: An anonymous survey was sent to PDs of American Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited urology residency programs. Questions were designed to evaluate how VIs affected programs' assessment of applicants, interview logistics, and overall perspectives regarding in-person and virtual interviews. RESULTS: A total of 42 PDs (31%) responded to our survey. VIs negatively affected programs' ability to assess applicants' fit with their residency program (71%), commitment to urology along with their ability to function as a resident (67%), and personality and communication skills (71%) when compared to in-person interviews. Fifty percent of PDs reported that they relied more heavily on objective metrics when ranking applicants, compared to prior years. VIs were more economical than in-person interviews for all participating programs, with each program saving an average of $3,135 in interview-related costs. Additionally, 33% of PDs reported that VIs were less time-consuming when compared to in-person interviews, with 26% of PDs reporting that they were able to interview more applicants. Only 19% of PDs reported that VIs were better than in-person interviews. Given the option, 60% of PDs intend on hosting both virtual and in-person interviews moving forward, while 9% and 31% of programs intend to exclusively host virtual and in-person interviews, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PDs perceived VIs to be less reliable than in-person interviews for subjective evaluation of applicants; however, many PDs still desire to integrate VIs in future application cycles.

12.
14.
Urology ; 149: 168-173, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278460

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in length of stay, opioid use, and other perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing radical cystectomy with urinary diversion who received either liposomal bupivacaine (LB) or epidural analgesia. METHODS: This was a single center, retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing open radical cystectomy with urinary diversion from 2015-2019 in the early recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway. Patients received either LB or epidural catheter analgesia for post-operative pain control. LB was injected at the time of fascial closure to provide up to 72 hours of local analgesia. The primary outcome was post-operative length of stay. Secondary outcomes were post-operative opioid use, time to solid food, time to ambulation, and direct hospitalization costs. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to determine associations between analgesia type and discharge. RESULTS: LB use was independently associated with shorter post-operative length of stay compared to epidural use (median (IQR) 4.9 days (3.9-5.8) vs 5.9 days (4.9-7.9), P<.001), less total opioid use (mean 188.3 vs 612.2 OME, P <.001), earlier diet advancement (mean 1.6 vs 2.4 days, P <.001), and decreased overall direct costs ($23,188 vs $29,628, P <.001). 45% of patients who received LB were opioid-free after surgery, none in the epidural group. On multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression modeling, LB use was independently associated with earlier discharge (HR 2.1, IQR 1.0-4.5). CONCLUSION: Use of LB in open radical cystectomy is associated with reduced LOS, less opioid exposure, and earlier diet advancement.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Anestésicos Locales/uso terapéutico , Bupivacaína/uso terapéutico , Cistectomía/efectos adversos , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , Analgesia Epidural/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/prevención & control , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Manejo del Dolor/estadística & datos numéricos , Dimensión del Dolor/estadística & datos numéricos , Dolor Postoperatorio/diagnóstico , Dolor Postoperatorio/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Derivación Urinaria/efectos adversos , Derivación Urinaria/métodos
15.
Urology ; 150: 41-46, 2021 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798517

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate multidisciplinary female representation at urologic oncology conferences, we reviewed speakership trends at contemporary Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) and American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Symposium (GU-ASCO) annual meetings. METHODS: Meeting programs from SUO and GU-ASCO from 2015 to 2019 were analyzed. Biographical information was determined by querying institutional websites and social/professional media platforms. Statistical analyses were performed to assess for differences and relationships between male and female authorship based on gender, specialty, professional, and educational factors. RESULTS: We identified 1102 speakers at genitourinary oncology conferences. Overall, 222 (20%) were female. There was no significant difference between female speakership rates at SUO and GU-ASCO. The overall proportion of female speakers increased over time, but not when analyzing each individual subspecialty conference separately. Several professional and educational differences were noted between genders. Female speakers were more likely to be medical oncologists (P <.001), have more recent years of graduation (2001 vs 1996, P <.001), hold an additional advanced degree (OR 2.09, P = .005), and speak in sessions where other women served as chair (OR 1.42, P = .044). Conversely, female speakers had lower odds of delivering a plenary or keynote address (OR 0.28, P = .015). CONCLUSION: We identified a significantly positive trend towards increased female representation within contemporary genitourinary conferences over time; these trends did not remain significant when analyzing each meeting separately. Several important disparities between men and women speakers were identified. Our data suggests that inclusion of women in planning committees may help reduce gender bias and promote diversity within urologic oncology.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Oncología Médica , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/tendencias , Urología , Femenino , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos
16.
J Urol ; 204(5): 1039-1045, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463716

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has profoundly impacted residency training and education. To date, there has not been any broad assessment of urological surgery residency changes and concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Society of Academic Urologists distributed a questionnaire to urology residency program directors on March 30, 2020 exploring residency program changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Descriptive statistics are presented. A qualitative analysis of free response questions was undertaken. A post hoc analysis of differences related to local COVID-19 incidence is described. RESULTS: The survey was distributed to 144 residency programs with 65 responses for a 45% response rate. Reserve staffing had started in 80% of programs. Patient contact time had decreased significantly from 4.7 to 2.1 days per week (p <0.001). Redeployment was reported by 26% of programs. Sixty percent of programs reported concern that residents will not meet case minimums due to COVID-19. Wellness activities centered on increased communication. All programs had begun to use videoconferencing and the majority planned to continue. Programs in states with a higher incidence of COVID-19 were more likely to report resident redeployment (48% vs 11%, p=0.002) and exposure to COVID-19 positive patients (70% vs 40%, p=0.03), and were less likely to report concerns regarding exposure (78% vs 97%, p=0.02) and personal protective equipment availability (62% vs 89%, p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: As of April 1, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic had resulted in significant changes in urology residency programs. These findings inform a rapidly changing landscape and aid in the development of best practices.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Urología/educación , Urología/estadística & datos numéricos , COVID-19 , Humanos , Pandemias/estadística & datos numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
17.
Urol Pract ; 7(6): 442-447, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37287160

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has brought unprecedented challenges to the delivery of urological care. Following rapid implementation of remote video visits at our tertiary academic medical center serving a large rural population we describe and assess our experience with planned video visits and ongoing scheduling efforts. METHODS: Patients scheduled for video visits between April 14 and April 27, 2020 were included. Prospective and retrospective data were collected on patient and clinical characteristics as well as telemedicine outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to evaluate factors influencing video visit success. Concurrently scheduling data were collected from a separate cohort regarding patient access to technology and willingness to participate in video visits. RESULTS: A total of 209 patients were included with an overall video visit success rate of 67%. Of video visits that failed (69) reasons included no-show (35%), inability to connect to the telemedicine platform (23%) and lack of Internet access (10%). Nearly half of failed video visits (46.4%) were completed as phone visits. After adjustment for patient demographics commercial insurance was significantly associated with video visit success. In assessment of scheduling outcomes 179 patients were contacted to offer video visits. Of these patients 6.7% reported not having Internet access. Of those with Internet access 87% agreed to proceed with a video visit in lieu of visiting in person. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience indicates that rapid implementation of video telemedicine is feasible and highly accepted by patients. Efforts focused on standardized pre-visit patient education may further optimize successful telemedicine visits.

18.
Urol Pract ; 7(5): 433, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37296542
19.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 213(2): 266-274, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039025

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of 68Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen 11 (PSMA-11) PET for disease detection in patients with prostate cancer who have biochemically recurrent disease after radiation therapy or prostatectomy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. One hundred fifty patients underwent 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT or PET/MRI, and the images were interpreted by two blinded board-certified radiologists. Each reader evaluated for the presence or absence of PSMA-positive disease within the prostate bed, pelvic lymph nodes, bones, and soft tissues (extrapelvic lymph nodes and visceral structures). The presence or absence of disease was confirmed by histopathologic analysis if available. For patients who did not have pathologic analysis, a composite of imaging and clinical follow-up was used as the reference standard. RESULTS. The median prostate-specific antigen level was 2.1 ng/mL. Forty-three patients had pathologic correlation, and for 29 patients a composite of imaging and follow-up was used to determine the presence or absence of disease. With substantial to almost perfect interreader reliability by region (κ = 0.78-0.87), 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET had high sensitivity per region (up to 100%) and per patient (up to 89.8%). It also had high positive predictive value per region (up to 100%) and per patient (up to 91.5%). Sensitivity was highest for bone metastases and lowest for soft-tissue metastases. Positive predictive value was highest for bone metastases and lowest for prostate bed recurrence. CONCLUSION. Gallium-68-labeled PSMA-11 PET is sensitive for prostate cancer metastases in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. It has high positive predictive value and substantial to almost perfect interrater reliability.


Asunto(s)
Imagen Multimodal , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagen , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias Óseas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Óseas/secundario , Radioisótopos de Galio , Humanos , Metástasis Linfática/diagnóstico por imagen , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Prostatectomía , Radiofármacos , Radioterapia , Neoplasias de los Tejidos Blandos/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias de los Tejidos Blandos/secundario
20.
Urol Pract ; 6(2): 129-134, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37300087

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Workforce disparities in medicine have been well documented. Early medical school exposures have been shown to highly influence career choice. We hypothesized that gender and racial disparities exist in early medical school exposures to urology. METHODS: We surveyed urology residency applicants who interviewed at our institution from 2016 to 2017. Student demographics were collected in addition to forms of urology exposures (clinical and research). Early urology exposure was defined as occurring before the 3rd year of medical school. Early exposures were compared by gender and racial/ethnic groups underrepresented in medicine. RESULTS: During the study period 72 interviewees were invited to participate and 71 completed the survey (response rate 98.6%). The majority of participants were male (54, 76%). Thirteen participants (18%) met the criteria for underrepresented in medicine. Fewer female applicants discovered urology (41% vs 75%, p=0.01), first shadowed a urologist (35% vs 68%, p=0.02), first operated with a urologist (29% vs 60%, p=0.03) and began research (0% vs 49%, p <0.001) before the 3rd year of medical school compared to male applicants. Fewer applicants underrepresented in medicine had shadowed a urologist before the 3rd year of medical school (31% vs 67%, p=0.02). We found no other statistical differences between those underrepresented in medicine and those not underrepresented in medicine in terms of other early urology exposures, medical school urology opportunities or personal exposures. CONCLUSIONS: Disparities in early urology exposures, especially research exposure, exist by gender and less so among applicants underrepresented in medicine. Identifying these disparities may uncover systemic bias within career trajectories and provide targets for earlier interventions in medical school training.

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