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1.
Int J Prosthodont ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616565

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical, technical, and esthetic outcomes of directly veneered zirconia abutments cemented onto non-original titanium bases over 3 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 healthy patients with a single missing tooth in the maxilla or mandible (incisors, canines, or premolars) received a two-piece implant with a screw-retained veneered zirconia restoration extraorally cemented on a titanium base abutment. Baseline measurements and follow-up examinations were performed at 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years following loading. Radiographic, clinical, technical, and esthetic parameters were assessed. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Mean marginal bone levels measured 0.54 ± 0.39 mm (median: 0.47 mm, range: 0.07 mm to 1.75 mm) at baseline and 0.52 ± 0.39 mm (median: 0.39 mm, range: 0.06 mm to 1.33 mm) at 3 years. Mean probing depth around the implants increased from 3.0 ± 0.6 mm at baseline to 3.8 ± 0.8 mm at 3 years (P = .001). Bleeding on probing changed from 27.1% ± 20.7% (baseline) to 51.5% ± 26.1% (3 years) (P = .001). The mean plaque control record amounted to 11.1% ± 21.2% (baseline) and 14.4% ± 13.89% (3 years) (P = .261). Two implants were lost at 3.5 and 30 months postloading due to peri-implantitis, resulting in a 91.7% implant survival rate. Patient satisfaction was high at 3 years. CONCLUSION: Zirconia restorations cemented onto the tested non-original titanium bases should not be recommended for daily clinical use, as they were associated with significant increases in BOP and PD values and varying marginal bone levels 3 years after placement.

2.
Int J Prosthodont ; 34(1): 79-87, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570523

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To measure the effect of simulated aging on stained resin-ceramic CAD/CAM materials regarding the durability of color and gloss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Test specimens (n = 15 per material) were prepared out of CAD/CAM ingots from two resin nanoceramics (Lava Ultimate [LVU], Cerasmart [CER]) and a polymer-infiltrated ceramic (ENA, VITA Enamic) stained with the manufacturer's recommended staining kit using photopolymerization. Control specimens were made of feldspathic ceramic (VITA Mark II [VM2]) and stained by means of ceramic firing. Negative control specimens (n = 15) (no staining) were prepared for each group. Color and gloss measurements were performed before and after each aging cycle by means of mechanical abrasion with a toothbrush. Groups were compared using Kruskal-Wallis test and paired post hoc Conover test. Changes within a group were calculated using Wilcoxon signed-rank test (α = .05). RESULTS: The color difference (ΔE) was statistically significant for all stained CAD/CAM materials after simulated aging: CER (P < .001, 95% CI: 2.96 to 3.69), LVU (P = .004, 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.46), ENA (P = .004, 95% CI: 0.20 to 0.42), and VM2 (P < .001, 95% CI: 0.29 to 1.08). Aging resulted in a statistically significant increase in gloss in the LVU group (P < 0.001, 95% CI: 13.78 to 17.29), whereas in the ENA (P < .001, 95% CI: 7.83 to 12.72), CER (P < .001, 95% CI: 2.69 to 8.44), and VM2 (P = .014, 95% CI: 0.22 to 1.87) groups, a significant decrease in gloss was noted. CONCLUSION: Color and gloss of stained resin-ceramic CAD/CAM materials changed significantly after aging by means of toothbrush abrasion in vitro.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Color , Resinas Compuestas , Porcelana Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
3.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(6): 656-662, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284908

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of aging on the morphology of the interface between monolithic implant crowns and standardized titanium base abutments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four groups of hybrid abutment crowns differing in restorative material (lithium disilicate [LD] or polymer-infiltrated ceramic network [PICN]) and in fabrication procedure of the interfacial zone for luting to a titanium abutment (milled during CAD/ CAM procedure [M] or prefabricated [P]) were formed: LDS-M, LDS-P, PICN-M, and PICN-P (n = 10 each). The morphology of the crown-abutment interface was examined before and after artificial aging using scanning electron microscopy. The total gap length per specimen was measured at both time points, and intergroup (Kruskal-Wallis [KW]) plus pairwise (Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney [WMW]) comparisons were performed (α = .05). RESULTS: Before aging, statistically significant differences in gap length were identified among groups (KW: P = .0369) for PICN-P > LDS-P (WMW: P = .0496) and LDS-M > LDS-P (WMW: P = .0060). The effect of aging among the groups, expressed as an increment of total gap length, was 50% in LDS-M, 30% in LDS-P, 20% in PICN-M, and 30% in PICN-P. After aging, the statistically significant differences in gap length identified among groups (KW: P = .0048) were for PICN-P > LDS-P (WMW: P = .0134); LDS-M > PICN-M (WMW: P = .0204); PICN-P > PICN-M (WMW: P = .0486); and LDS-M > LDS-P (P = .0022). However, comparison of the difference in gap length from before to after aging among the groups was not statistically significant (KW: P = .3549). CONCLUSION: The cementation interfaces of CAD/CAM crowns on standardized titanium base abutments demonstrated a high percentage of gaps before and after thermomechanical loading. The composition of the restorative material and the nature of the interface influenced the interfacial gap dimension.

4.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(5): 487-492, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956429

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the perceptibility and acceptability threshold values for color differentiation at the restoration and mucosa levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One restored single-tooth implant and the contralateral reference tooth were spectrophotometrically assessed in 20 patients. Perceptibility and acceptability were evaluated by dentists, dental technicians, and laypeople. RESULTS: Dental technicians had the highest sensitivity in the perception of tooth color differences (ΔE = 2.7), followed by dentists (ΔE = 3.3) and laypeople (ΔE = 4.4). Acceptability threshold values were generally higher than perceptibility threshold in all groups. Dental technicians exhibited the highest sensitivity in the perception of mucosa color differences (50% perceptibility at ΔE = 2.65), followed by dentists (ΔE > 3.7) and laypeople (ΔE > 6). CONCLUSION: Color differences were tolerated with varying degrees among the three groups. Laypeople accepted higher color differences at the mucosa level.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Diente , Color , Percepción de Color , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa
5.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(5): 503-512, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956431

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical outcomes of single-retainer resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) and the profilometric changes of pontic sites after a mean of 10 years in function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients (mean age 32.4 years) who had received an RBFDP replacing a single anterior tooth were recalled after 10 years. Five patients had received a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) at the pontic site. The clinical assessment comprised the following parameters: probing depth, bleeding on probing, modified plaque control record, gingival recession, measurement of the width of keratinized mucosa, and intraoral photographs and radiographs. The modified criteria of the United States Public Health Services evaluation system were applied. Additionally, patient satisfaction was recorded. Data were analyzed descriptively, and the 10-year RBFDP survival rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: The RBFDP survival rate after a mean follow-up of 10.0 years (range 7.4 to 13.3 years) was 100%. Neither technical failures nor biologic complications were observed. All abutment teeth remained vital, and no secondary caries were detected. Between baseline and follow-up examinations, the profilometric changes at the pontic sites were minimal, exhibiting a loss of -0.03 ± 0.10 mm (no SCTG) and 0.00 ± 0.37 mm (SCTG). CONCLUSION: The present study exhibited high survival rates and low complication rates of the restorations, as well as excellent profilometric stability of the pontic sites over 10 years. The use of an RBFDP is a viable long-term treatment option for replacing a single anterior tooth.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Circonio , Adulto , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Dentadura Parcial Fija , Humanos , Tasa de Supervivencia
6.
Int J Prosthodont ; 32(2): 174-176, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30856641

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the biologic and technical responses to cemented and screw-retained all-ceramic single-tooth implant-supported reconstructions at 3 years postinsertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients with single-tooth implants were randomly restored with either a cemented lithium disilicate crown on a customized zirconia abutment (CEM) or a screw-retained crown with a directly veneered zirconia abutment (SCREW). At baseline examination and after 3 years of loading, marginal bone level and technical parameters were assessed. Differences in marginal bone loss were tested using Mann-Whitney U test at baseline and at 3 years, and changes within each group between baseline and 3 years were tested using Wilcoxon signed rank test. RESULTS: The median changes between baseline and the 3-year follow-up amounted to -0.1 mm (CEM; intragroup P = .36) and -0.0 mm (SCREW; intragroup P = .58). Intergroup comparisons did not reveal statistically significant differences at 3 years (P = .20) or over time (P = .70). CONCLUSION: At 3 years, screw-retained and cemented reconstructions rendered largely the same radiographic and technical outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Coronas , Humanos , Circonio
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543723

RESUMEN

The objective of this trial study was to assess whether submucosal veneering of internally connected zirconia abutments influences clinical, radiographic, and technical outcomes of single-tooth implant-borne reconstructions at 5 years after loading. A total of 20 patients with 20 single-tooth implants in the anterior or premolar area of the maxilla or mandible were included. The implants were randomly restored with fixed single-tooth reconstructions using either pink-veneered customized zirconia abutments (test group = 10) or nonveneered customized zirconia abutments (control group = 10). All reconstructions were adhesively cemented with all-ceramic crowns. Follow-up examinations were performed at baseline (7 to 10 days after crown insertion) and at 1, 3, and 5 years after loading, at which points the following were assessed: periodontal parameters such as probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and marginal bone levels, as well as technical outcomes using the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Statistical comparisons were based on the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. Sixteen patients attended the 5-year follow-up. At 5 years, the implant survival rate was 100% and the prosthetic survival rate was 94.1% (one abutment fracture in the test group). Veneering of the submucosal part of zirconia abutments resulted in significantly higher mean PD values: 3.6 ± 0.4 mm (test group) and 3.0 ± 0.5 mm (control group), P = .042. Marginal bone levels at 5 years and changes up to 5 years were not significantly different between groups (P > .05). One crown exhibited an abutment fracture and two crowns a minor chipping (17.6% overall technical complication rate). Limited by a small sample size, veneering of the submucosal part of internally connected zirconia abutments led to outcomes that were less favorable biologically (PD, BOP, and KM), but similar to nonveneered abutments radiographically and technically.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica/química , Coronas , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Circonio/química , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Coronas con Frente Estético , Estética Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
J Prosthodont ; 28(2): e563-e571, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29999570

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this in vitro study was to measure the effect of staining and artificial aging on the surface roughness of commercially available resin-ceramic computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials both quantitatively and qualitatively and to compare it to feldspathic material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Test specimens (n = 15 per material) were prepared of CAD/CAM ingots from a resin nanoceramic (Lava Ultimate, LVU), a polymer-infiltrated ceramic (Vita Enamic, ENA), and a resin nanoceramic (Cerasmart, CER). In the staining protocol, test specimens were (i) roughened in a standardized manner and (ii) stained with the manufacturer's recommended staining kit by means of photo-polymerization (Bluephase Polywave). The control specimens were prepared out of a feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II,VM2) and stained in a ceramic furnace. As negative control of each group, 15 specimens were prepared and polished in a standardized manner. Surface roughness (Ra) was measured after finishing procedures and after simulation of clinical service up to 5 years by means of toothbrushing. After each year of aging, one specimen per group was randomly selected for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Kruskal-Wallis test and paired post-hoc test were applied to detect differences between treatment groups (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The mean roughness measurements of the stained CAD/CAM materials were 0.14 ± 0.04 µm (ENA), 0.15 ± 0.03 µm (LVU), 0.22 ± 0.03 µm (VM2), and 0.26 ± 0.12 µm (CER). In the polished CAD/CAM materials the measurements were 0.01 ± 0.01 µm (CER), 0.02 ± 0.01 µm (LVU), 0.02 ± 0.00 µm (VM2), and 0.03 ± 0.01µm (ENA). Irrespective of the restoration material, the applied staining protocol resulted in a higher surface roughness compared to the polished specimens (p < 0.001). After 5 years of simulated aging the mean surface roughness in the stained CAD/CAM materials were 0.22 ± 0.03 µm (VM2), 0.24 ± 0.09 µm (ENA), 0.25 ± 0.06 µm (CER), and 0.37 ± 0.09 µm (LVU). Aging had a significant effect on surface roughness in groups ENA and LVU (p < 0.001). SEM analysis showed that the staining layer on resin-ceramic CAD/CAM materials was partially removed over time. CONCLUSIONS: The applied staining protocol significantly increased surface roughness of CAD/CAM materials. Instability of the staining layer on resin-ceramic CAD/CAM materials could be anticipated over time as a consequence of toothbrushing, whereas feldspathic ceramic did not suffer from such aging effect.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica/química , Resinas Compuestas/química , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Materiales Dentales/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Ensayo de Materiales , Polimerizacion , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo
9.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 38(Suppl): s49-s57, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30118533

RESUMEN

The objectives of this study were to compare conventional and computer-assisted implant planning and placement (CAIPP) protocols regarding surgical planning predictability, intraoperative complications, and patient-centered outcomes. Partially edentulous patients (N = 73) were randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups: control (C, n = 26), with preoperative planning based on conventional radiography and freehand implant placement; and test 1 (T1, n = 24) and test 2 (T2, n = 23), with two different CAIPP protocols. The clinicians' predictions of the bony morphology, materials needed for surgery, and surgery duration were matched with intrasurgical findings using kappa tests. Complications or deviations from the surgical or prosthetic protocol were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used to study the sample sorted out by treatment group. Differences between groups were evaluated with chi-square test for qualitative variables and with nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test for quantitative continuous variables. For post-hoc tests, the Bonferroni corrected (P < .016 = .05/3) Mann-Whitney test was used. CAIPP protocols showed better diagnostic potential than conventional protocols for the bone topography, need for simultaneous GBR procedures, membrane selection, and implant length predictions. The rate of surgical protocol deviations was similar in all groups, but their nature differed. Conventional protocols showed fewer splint-related incidences. Implant bed preparation and insertion could not be fully completed using the surgical splint in 3.8% of patients in C (1/26), 45.8% in T1 (11/24), and 47.8% in T2 (11/23). Deviation from the initial prosthetic plan was necessary in one case (T2; 4.4%). No biologic or technical complications were observed. CAIPP protocols showed a higher diagnostic potential than conventional protocols. A high incidence of intraoperative surgical protocol modifications to adjust suboptimal implant placements was reported for every group. Therefore, strict intraoperative implant position monitoring is mandatory for both treatment protocols.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental Endoósea/métodos , Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula/cirugía , Cirugía Asistida por Computador , Adulto , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales , Humanos , Tempo Operativo , Radiografía Dental , Cirugía Asistida por Computador/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29240208

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to test whether prosthetic treatment with different intraradicular posts influences the color of the buccal gingiva at teeth restored with zirconia crowns. A total of 31 patients in need of a full-coverage single crown at an endodontically treated premolar, canine, or incisor in the maxilla or the mandible were included. The patients were randomly assigned to receive composite build-ups using titanium (Ti), zirconia (Zi), or glass-fiber (Gf) posts or a build-up using no post at all (NP). All the teeth were restored with veneered zirconia single crowns. Spectrophotometric color measurements of the buccal gingiva were taken at the test teeth prior to and after the prosthetic treatment, and at the contralateral vital control tooth. The differences of the color components ΔL, Δa, and Δb and the total color difference ΔE between the test tooth prior to and after treatment and between the test and control tooth were calculated. The color differences were analyzed to determine whether they varied from 0 and 3.7, the threshold for detection by the human eye. Analysis of variance was performed to compare ΔE, ΔL, Δa, and Δb in the four post groups. The prosthetic treatment induced a significant color change ΔE in all the groups (Ti: ΔE1 = 6.4 ± 1.9; Zi: 7.1 ± 2.0; Gf: 6.2 ± 3.5; NP: 6.6 ± 3.5). There was no significant difference between Ti, Zi, Gf, and NP with respect to ΔE, ΔL, Δa, and Δb. Gingival color ΔE differed significantly between the test and control teeth before (Ti: ΔE = 6.8 ± 3.0; Zi: 9.0 ± 3.5; Gf: 5.7 ± 2.1; NP: 8.2 ± 2.8) and after prosthetic treatment (Ti: ΔE = 6.0 ± 2.8; Zi: 7.1 ± 2.9; Gf: 7.2 ± 3.0; NP: 6.9 ± 2.6). The use of different intraradicular posts (titanium, zirconia, glass fiber) or no post at all did not influence the color of the buccal gingiva at teeth restored with zirconia crowns. There was a significant gingival color difference between endodontically treated teeth and vital control teeth, both before and after prosthetic treatment.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Materiales Dentales , Encía/anatomía & histología , Vidrio , Pigmentación , Titanio , Circonio , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Humanos , Técnica de Perno Muñón
11.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 18(6): 1210-1217, 2016 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26676273

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to test whether or not veneering of the submucosal part of zirconia abutments can positively influence the esthetic outcome compared with nonveneered zirconia abutments; to evaluate the influence of the mucosal thickness on the esthetic outcomes of the veneered and nonveneered abutments; and to evaluate the thickness of the peri-implant mucosa compared with the thickness of the gingiva of contralateral tooth sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four single-tooth implants in 44 patients were randomly restored with either cemented (CR) or screw-retained (SR) reconstructions based on white zirconia abutments (CR-W, SR-W) or pink-veneered zirconia abutments (CR-P, SR-P). Esthetic outcome measurements were performed based on a spectrophotometric evaluation of the peri-implant mucosal color. In addition, the thickness of the mucosa was measured. A two-way analysis of variance was conducted to test the effect of veneering (pink vs white) and mucosa thickness (<2 mm vs ≥2 mm) on the calculated color difference ΔE for pooled data of CR and SR reconstructions (p < .05). RESULTS: Analyses grouping the sites according to veneering of the abutments and mucosal thickness demonstrated less discoloration for sites with a veneered abutment irrespective of the mucosal thickness: ΔE 4.50 ± 1.93 (<2 mm) and ΔE 6.88 ± 2.45 (≥2 mm); CR-P, SR-P) compared with sites without veneering ΔE 9.72 ± 3.82 (<2 mm; CR-W, SR-W) and ΔE 8.31 ± 2.98 (≥2 mm). The differences between veneered and nonveneered abutments were significant (p = .032). CONCLUSIONS: Veneering of zirconia abutments with pink veneering ceramic positively influenced the peri-implant mucosal color.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Coronas con Frente Estético , Circonio , Estética Dental , Humanos
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