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1.
J Basic Microbiol ; 61(4): 330-338, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599337

RESUMEN

Microalgae have received continued attention as a potential source for biofuel production. However, the lack of suitable strains that provide a lipid-rich biomass and tolerate harsh condition inhibits their industrial application. This report describes an effort to transform Synechocystis sp. with genes encoding acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), a key regulatory enzyme in the lipogenesis pathway, from the white mustard plant (Sinapis alba) and the bacterium Escherichia coli DH5α using chitosan nanoparticles. Although a recombinant plasmid encoding S. alba ACC failed to express, successful transformation was achieved with a recombinant plasmid encoding E. coli DH5α ACC. The successful transformant, Synechocystis sp. PAK13, exhibited increased ACC expression compared with its wild-type parent (11.8 vs. 7.2 ng), which significantly increased its lipid content (by 3.6-fold). Synechocystis sp. PAK13 also exhibited a significant (20%) reduction in photosynthetic pigments, a 1.52-fold higher glucose content and a 3.5-fold lower sucrose content than the wild-type. In conclusion, this report introduces a useful strategy to overexpress the ACC gene in microalgae, creating strains with improved lipid production that are suited to industrial applications.

2.
Molecules ; 25(9)2020 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365503

RESUMEN

Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and development of novel lung cancer preventive and therapeutic agents are urgently needed. Brassica nigra (black mustard) seeds are commonly consumed in several Asian and African countries. Mustard seeds previously exhibited significant anticancer activities against several cancer types. In the present study, we have investigated various cellular and molecular mechanisms of anticancer effects of an ethanolic extract of B. nigra seeds against A549 and H1299 human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. B. nigra extract showed a substantial growth-inhibitory effect as it reduced the viability and clonogenic survival of A549 and H1299 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. B. nigra extract induced cellular apoptosis in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion as evidenced from increased caspase-3 activity. Furthermore, treatment of both A549 and H1299 cells with B. nigra extract alone or in combination with camptothecin induced DNA double-strand breaks as evidenced by upregulation of γH2A histone family member X, Fanconi anemia group D2 protein, Fanconi anemia group J protein, ataxia-telangiectesia mutated and Rad3-related protein. Based on cell cycle analysis, B. nigra extract significantly arrested A549 and H1299 cells at S and G2/M phases. Additionally, B. nigra extract suppressed the migratory and invasive properties of both cell lines, downregulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), MMP9, and Snail and upregulated the expression of E-cadherin at mRNA and protein levels. Taken together, these findings indicate that B. nigra seed extract may have an important anticancer potential against human lung cancer which could be mediated through simultaneous and differential regulation of proliferation, apoptosis, DNA damage, cell cycle, migration, and invasion.

3.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 29(1): 17-26, 2016 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26826831

RESUMEN

Two marine endophytic bacteria were isolated from the Red Sea algae; a red alga; Acanthophora dendroides and the brown alga Sargassum sabrepandum. The isolates were identified based on their 16SrRNA sequences as Bacterium SRCnm and Bacillus sp. JS. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential anti-microbial and antioxidant activities of the extracts of the isolated bacteria grown in different nutrient conditions. Compared to amoxicillin (25µg/disk) and erythromycin (15µg/disk), the extracts of Bacterium SRCn min media II, III, IV and V were potent inhibitors of the gram-positive bacterium Sarcina maxima even at low concentrations. Also, the multidrug resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA) was more sensitive to the metabolites produced in medium (II) of the same endophyte than erythromycin (15µg/disk). A moderate activity of the Bacillus sp. JS extracts of media I and II was obtained against the same pathogen. The total compounds (500ug/ml) of both isolated endophytes showed moderate antioxidant activities (48.9% and 46.1%, respectively). LC/MS analysis of the bacterial extracts was carried out to investigate the likely natural products produced. Cyclo(D-cis-Hyp-L-Leu), dihydrosphingosine and 2-Amino-1,3-hexadecanediol were identified in the fermentation medium of Bacterium SRCnm, whereas cyclo (D-Pro-L-Tyr) and cyclo (L-Leu-L-Pro) were the suggested compounds of Bacillus sp. JS.


Asunto(s)
Bacillus/metabolismo , Endófitos/metabolismo , Rhodophyta/microbiología , Microbiología del Agua , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Bacillus/crecimiento & desarrollo , Endófitos/crecimiento & desarrollo , Fermentación , Temperatura
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 54(Pt 1): 247-252, 2004 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14742488

RESUMEN

An alkaliphilic actinomycete strain, designated YIM 80379T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the eastern desert of Egypt and subjected to polyphasic taxonomy. The strain produced substrate and aerial mycelia on different media, with an optimum pH for growth of 9.5-10 and scarce or no growth at pH 7. Strain YIM 80379T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, no diagnostic sugars, type PIII phospholipids and MK-10(H6) and MK-10(H8) as the predominant menaquinones. All of these characters assign isolate YIM 80379T consistently to the genus Nocardiopsis. This was confirmed by 16S rDNA analysis. It can be differentiated from all Nocardiopsis species with validly published names by phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization results. On the basis of polyphasic evidence, a novel species, Nocardiopsis alkaliphila sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain of the species is YIM 80379T (=CCTCC AA001031T=DSM 44657T).


Asunto(s)
Actinomycetales/clasificación , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinomycetales/aislamiento & purificación , Actinomycetales/fisiología , ADN Ribosómico/genética , Clima Desértico , Egipto , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Datos de Secuencia Molecular , Fosfolípidos/metabolismo , Filogenia , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética
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