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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549541

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The present meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adding nimotuzumab to radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled studies at EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library from January 1, 2010, to October 1, 2022, were searched. Data on the overall survival (OS), progress-free survival (PFS), disease-free survival (DFS), complete response rate (CRR), objective response rate (ORR), and all grade adverse events were collected from the enrolled publications. OS was the primary measurement indicator. Pooled analysis was performed with relative risks (RRs), hazard risks (HRs), and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in the software Stata SE 16.0. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled studies were included in the analysis of the overall pooled effect. As compared to the control group, the nimotuzumab intervention group exhibited improved OS by 21% (pooled HR=0.79,95% CI: 0.64-0.98, P=0.028), along with PFS up to 31% (HR=0.69, 95% CI: 0.55-0.86, P=0.001) and DFS up to 29% (HR=0.71, 95% CI: 0.56-0.91, P=0.006), increased CRR as 50% (RR=1.50, 95%CI:1.09-2.04; P=0.012), and ORR as 35% (RR=1.35, 95%- CI:1.04-1.73; P=0.022). Regarding safety, nimotuzumab in combination with RT or CRT did not increase the incidence of all grade adverse events (pooled-RD=-1.27, 95%CI:-2.78-0.23, P=0.099). CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis has demonstrated that nimotuzumab, in combination with RT or CRT, could provide survival benefits and increase response rates. Its safety profile has been found to be controllable.

2.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(2): e14553, 2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334231

RESUMEN

In recent years, sevoflurane and isoflurane are the most popular anesthetics in general anesthesia for their safe, rapid onset, and well tolerant. Nevertheless, many studies reported their neurotoxicity among pediatric and aged populations. This effect is usually manifested as cognitive impairment such as perioperative neurocognitive disorders. The wide application of sevoflurane and isoflurane during general anesthesia makes their safety a major health concern. Evidence indicates that iron dyshomeostasis and ferroptosis may establish a role in neurotoxicity of sevoflurane and isoflurane. However, the mechanisms of sevoflurane- and isoflurane-induced neuronal injury were not fully understood, which poses a barrier to the treatment of its neurotoxicity. We, therefore, reviewed the current knowledge on mechanisms of iron dyshomeostasis and ferroptosis and aimed to promote a better understanding of their roles in sevoflurane- and isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity.


Asunto(s)
Anestésicos por Inhalación , Ferroptosis , Isoflurano , Éteres Metílicos , Humanos , Niño , Anciano , Isoflurano/efectos adversos , Sevoflurano/efectos adversos , Anestésicos por Inhalación/efectos adversos , Trastornos Neurocognitivos , Homeostasis
3.
Cancer Cell ; 42(3): 464-473.e3, 2024 Mar 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38242125

RESUMEN

The AJCC/UICC TNM classification describes anatomic extent of tumor progression and guides treatment decisions. Our comprehensive analysis of 8,834 newly diagnosed patients with non-metastatic Epstein-Barr virus related nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from six Chinese centers indicates certain limitations in the current staging system. The 8th edition of the AJCC/UICC TNM classification inadequately differentiates patient outcomes, particularly between T2 and T3 categories and within the N classification. We propose reclassifying cases of T3 NPC with early skull-base invasion as T2, and elevating N1-N2 cases with grade 3 image-identified extranodal extension (ENE) to N3. Additionally, we suggest combining T2N0 with T1N0 into a single stage IA. For de novo metastatic (M1) NPC, we propose subdivisions of M1a, defined by 1-3 metastatic lesions without liver involvement, and M1b, characterized by >3 metastatic lesions or liver involvement. This proposal better reflects responses of NPC patients to the up-to-date treatments and their evolving risk profiles.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma , Infecciones por Virus de Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patología , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Pronóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patología , Infecciones por Virus de Epstein-Barr/patología , Carcinoma/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos
4.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 44(2): 185-204, 2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217522

RESUMEN

Cellular metabolism is the fundamental process by which cells maintain growth and self-renewal. It produces energy, furnishes raw materials, and intermediates for biomolecule synthesis, and modulates enzyme activity to sustain normal cellular functions. Cellular metabolism is the foundation of cellular life processes and plays a regulatory role in various biological functions, including programmed cell death. Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of iron-dependent programmed cell death. The inhibition of ferroptosis plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. However, the role of cellular metabolism, particularly glucose and amino acid metabolism, in cancer ferroptosis is not well understood. Here, we reviewed glucose, lipid, amino acid, iron and selenium metabolism involvement in cancer cell ferroptosis to elucidate the impact of different metabolic pathways on this process. Additionally, we provided a detailed overview of agents used to induce cancer ferroptosis. We explained that the metabolism of tumor cells plays a crucial role in maintaining intracellular redox homeostasis and that disrupting the normal metabolic processes in these cells renders them more susceptible to iron-induced cell death, resulting in enhanced tumor cell killing. The combination of ferroptosis inducers and cellular metabolism inhibitors may be a novel approach to future cancer therapy and an important strategy to advance the development of treatments.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Neoplasias , Humanos , Aminoácidos , Glucosa , Hierro
5.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 31(1): 9-17, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38102462

RESUMEN

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a class of envelope-free double-stranded DNA virus. HPV infection has been strongly associated with the development of many malignancies, such as cervical, anal and oral cancers. The viral oncoproteins E6 and E7 perform central roles on HPV-induced carcinogenic processes. During tumor development, it usually goes along with the activation of abnormal signaling pathways. E6 and E7 induces changes in cell cycle, proliferation, invasion, metastasis and other biological behaviors by affecting downstream tumor-related signaling pathways, thus promoting malignant transformation of cells and ultimately leading to tumorigenesis and progression. Here, we summarized that E6 and E7 proteins promote HPV-associated tumorigenesis and development by regulating the activation of various tumor-related signaling pathways, for example, the Wnt/ß-catenin, PI3K/Akt, and NF-kB signaling pathway. We also discussed the importance of HPV-encoded E6 and E7 and their regulated tumor-related signaling pathways for the diagnosis and effective treatment of HPV-associated tumors.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Oncogénicas Virales , Infecciones por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Humanos , Femenino , Virus del Papiloma Humano , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/complicaciones , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Proteínas Oncogénicas Virales/genética , Transducción de Señal/genética , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/genética , Carcinogénesis , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/genética
6.
Cancer Med ; 13(3): e6723, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38156901

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of individualized elective prophylactic neck irradiation (iEPNI) for optimizing current approach by investigating metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) distribution in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of 870 NPC patients without distant metastasis in Hunan Cancer Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were reviewed. LNs' locations were identified based on the 2013 guidelines. The intra-regional lymphatic drainage (IRLD) areas included Station 1st (level VIIa and II), Station 2nd (level III and Va), and Station 3rd (level IV, Vb, and Vc). Other levels were categorized as extra-regional areas. RESULTS: Among the 870 patients, 94.5% cases exhibited LNs metastasis, including unilateral metastasis in 198 patients and bilateral metastasis in 624 patients. In the whole cohort, the most common involved IRLD areas were level IIb (87.1%), VIIa (80.0%), IIa (61.8%), Va (30.6%), IV (21.4%), Vb (8.9%), and Vc (1.1%). Besides, rates of LNs metastasis in Station 1st, 2nd, and 3rd were 94.3%, 61.1%, and 22.9%, respectively. Only four patients (4, 0.5%) revealed skipping metastasis among the three stations. CONCLUSIONS: Lymph node metastasis follows an organized pattern from Station 1st to 3rd with scarce skipping metastasis. A potential iEPNI strategy of prophylactic neck irradiation to the ipsilateral latter node-negative station appears promising in NPC patients. Further prospective investigations are warranted to validate the approach.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Radioterapia de Intensidad Modulada , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Metástasis Linfática , Ganglios Linfáticos , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia
7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 11: 1232528, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37576596

RESUMEN

Organoids are a class of multicellular structures with the capability of self-organizing and the characteristic of original tissues, they are generated from stem cells in 3D culture in vitro. Organoids can mimic the occurrence and progression of original tissues and widely used in disease models in recent years. The ability of tumor organoids to retain characteristic of original tumors make them unique for tumorigenesis and cancer therapy. However, the history of organoid development and the application of organoid technology in cancer therapy are not well understood. In this paper, we reviewed the history of organoids development, the culture methods of tumor organoids establishing and the applications of organoids in cancer research for better understanding the process of tumor development and providing better strategies for cancer therapy. The standardization of organoids cultivation facilitated the large-scale production of tumor organoids. Moreover, it was found that combination of tumor organoids and other cells such as immune cells, fibroblasts and nervous cells would better mimic the microenvironment of tumor progression. This might be important developing directions for tumor organoids in the future.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 724, 2023 Aug 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37537541

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Current radiotherapy guidelines and consensus statements uniformly recommend elective region irradiation (ERI) as the standard strategy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, given the scarcity of skip-metastasis, the improved assessment accuracy of nodal involvement, and the striking advancements in chemotherapy for NPC, a one-fits-all delineation scheme for clinical target volumes of the nodal region (CTVn) may not be appropriate anymore, and modifications of the CTVn delineation strategy may be warranted. Involved site irradiation (ISI) covering merely the initially involved nodal site and potential extranodal extension has been confirmed to be as effective as ERI with decreased radiation-related toxicities in some malignancies, but has not yet been investigated in NPC. This study aims to compare the regional control, survival outcomes, radiation-related toxicities, and quality of life (QoL) of ISI with conventional ERI in NPC patients with a limited nodal burden. METHODS: ISRT-NPC is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, noninferiority, phase III randomized controlled trial. A total of 414 patients will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive ISI or ERI. Randomization will be stratified by institution scale and N stage. Generally, in the ISI group, the high-risk CTV1 (dose: 60 Gy) includes a 1-cm expansion of the positive LN as well as the VIIa and the retrostyloid space above the bilateral transverse process of the atlantoaxial spine (C1), regardless of N status. The low-risk CTV2 (dose: 50 Gy) covers the cervical nodal region with a 3-cm caudal expansion below the transverse process of C1 for N0 disease and a 3-cm expansion below the positive LN for positive LNs. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial are expected to confirm that ISI is a non-inferior strategy to ERI in stage I-III patients with low LN burden, enabling the minimization of treatment-related toxicity and improvement of long-term QoL without compromising regional control. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrails.gov, NCT05145660. Registered December 6, 2021.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patología , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patología , Estudios Prospectivos , Metástasis Linfática/radioterapia , Metástasis Linfática/patología , Ganglios Linfáticos/patología , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Fase III como Asunto
9.
Exp Mol Med ; 55(7): 1357-1370, 2023 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37394582

RESUMEN

Metabolic reprogramming and epigenetic modifications are hallmarks of cancer cells. In cancer cells, metabolic pathway activity varies during tumorigenesis and cancer progression, indicating regulated metabolic plasticity. Metabolic changes are often closely related to epigenetic changes, such as alterations in the expression or activity of epigenetically modified enzymes, which may exert a direct or an indirect influence on cellular metabolism. Therefore, exploring the mechanisms underlying epigenetic modifications regulating the reprogramming of tumor cell metabolism is important for further understanding tumor pathogenesis. Here, we mainly focus on the latest studies on epigenetic modifications related to cancer cell metabolism regulations, including changes in glucose, lipid and amino acid metabolism in the cancer context, and then emphasize the mechanisms related to tumor cell epigenetic modifications. Specifically, we discuss the role played by DNA methylation, chromatin remodeling, noncoding RNAs and histone lactylation in tumor growth and progression. Finally, we summarize the prospects of potential cancer therapeutic strategies based on metabolic reprogramming and epigenetic changes in tumor cells.


Asunto(s)
Histonas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Histonas/metabolismo , Epigénesis Genética , Metilación de ADN , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Transformación Celular Neoplásica/genética
10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 15(6): 1964-1976, 2023 03 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36947706

RESUMEN

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) is a kind of malignant tumor originating from the oropharynx, larynx, nasopharynx and oral cavity. The incidence of HNSC is increasing and it is the sixth malignant tumor in the world at present. "Cuprotosis" is a novel cuper-dependent cell death mode that is closely related to mitochondrial respiration. Tumorigenesis is closely related to the dysregulation of cell death. However, the relationship between cuprotosis and HNSC remains unclear. Here, we investigated the association between 10 cuprotosis-associated genes (CAGs) and HNSC using multi-omics public data. We found that CAGs had abnormal expression and significant genetic changes in HNSC, especially CDKN2A with 54% mutation rate. Expression of CAGs significantly correlates with the prognosis of HNSC patients. Moreover, the CAGs expression is correlated with the immune checkpoints expression and immune cells infiltration. These CAGs expression was associated with multiple drugs sensitivity of cancer cells, such as cisplatin and docetaxel. These findings indicate that CAGs are likely to serve an essential role in the diagnosis, prognosis, immunotherapy and drug therapy prediction of HNSC.


Asunto(s)
Cobre , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello , Humanos , Relevancia Clínica , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/genética , Pronóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello/genética , Apoptosis
11.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 42(1): 59, 2023 Mar 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36899389

RESUMEN

Metabolic reprogramming is one of the hallmarks of cancer. As nutrients are scarce in the tumor microenvironment (TME), tumor cells adopt multiple metabolic adaptations to meet their growth requirements. Metabolic reprogramming is not only present in tumor cells, but exosomal cargos mediates intercellular communication between tumor cells and non-tumor cells in the TME, inducing metabolic remodeling to create an outpost of microvascular enrichment and immune escape. Here, we highlight the composition and characteristics of TME, meanwhile summarize the components of exosomal cargos and their corresponding sorting mode. Functionally, these exosomal cargos-mediated metabolic reprogramming improves the "soil" for tumor growth and metastasis. Moreover, we discuss the abnormal tumor metabolism targeted by exosomal cargos and its potential antitumor therapy. In conclusion, this review updates the current role of exosomal cargos in TME metabolic reprogramming and enriches the future application scenarios of exosomes.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral , Comunicación Celular , Neoplasias/patología , Exosomas/metabolismo
12.
Radiother Oncol ; 183: 109595, 2023 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36870606

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To summarize the characteristics of local extension of eccentric and central nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to improve clinical target volume (CTV) delineation. METHODS: MRI of 870 newly diagnosed NPC patients were reviewed. According to tumor distribution features, the NPCs were divided into eccentric and central lesions. RESULTS: All local invasions presented as continuous invasion from gross lesions and structures adjacent to the nasopharynx were more likely to be invaded. There were 240 (27.6%) and 630 (72.4%) cases with central and eccentric lesions, respectively. The spread of eccentric lesions was centered on the ipsilateral Rosenmüller's fossa; and most anatomic sites had significantly higher invasion rates in the ipsilateral side than the contralateral side (P < 0.05). However, they were at low risk of concurrent bilateral tumor invasion (<10%), except the prevertebral muscle (15.4%) and nasal cavity (13.8%). The extension of central NPCs was centered on the nasopharyngeal superior-posterior wall and was more common in the superior-posterior direction. Furthermore, bilateral tumor invasion into the anatomical sites was common. CONCLUSION: Local invasion of NPC was characterized by continuous invasion from proximal to distal sites. The eccentric and central lesions showed different invasion features. Individual CTV delineation should be based on the distribution characteristics of tumors. The eccentric lesions had a very low probability of invasion into the contralateral tissue; thus routine prophylactic radiation of contralateral parapharyngeal space and skull base foramina may not be necessary.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Invasividad Neoplásica
13.
Front Oncol ; 13: 1100134, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36756159

RESUMEN

Tripartite motif-containing 28 (TRIM28) belongs to tripartite motif (TRIM) family. TRIM28 not only binds and degrades its downstream target, but also acts as a transcription co-factor to inhibit gene expression. More and more studies have shown that TRIM28 plays a vital role in tumor genesis and progression. Here, we reviewed the role of TRIM28 in tumor proliferation, migration, invasion and cell death. Moreover, we also summarized the important role of TRIM28 in tumor stemness sustainability and immune regulation. Because of the importance of TRIM28 in tumors, TIRM28 may be a candidate target for anti-tumor therapy and play an important role in tumor diagnosis and treatment in the future.

15.
Cancer Sci ; 114(3): 870-884, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382614

RESUMEN

Cancer cells prefer glycolysis to support their proliferation. Our previous studies have shown that the long palate, lung, and nasal epithelial cell clone 1 (LPLUNC1) can upregulate prohibitin 1 (PHB1) expression to inhibit the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. Given that PHB1 is an important regulator of cell energy metabolism, we explored whether and how LPLUNC1 regulated glucose glycolysis in NPC cells. LPLUNC1 or PHB1 overexpression decreased glycolysis and increased oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS)-related protein expression in NPC cells, promoting phosphorylated PHB1 nuclear translocation through 14-3-3σ. LPLUNC1 overexpression also increased p53 but decreased c-Myc expression in NPC cells, which were crucial for the decrease in glycolysis and increase in OXPHOS-related protein expression induced by LPLUNC1 overexpression. Finally, we found that treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) reduced the viability and clonogenicity of NPC cells, decreased glycolysis, and increased OXPHOS-related protein expression by enhancing LPLUNC1 expression in NPC cells. Therefore, the LPLUNC1-PHB1-p53/c-Myc axis decreased glycolysis in NPC cells, and ATRA upregulated LPLUNC1 expression, ATRA maybe a promising drug for the treatment of NPC.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Proteína p53 Supresora de Tumor , Humanos , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular , Células Epiteliales/patología , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Glucólisis , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patología , Tretinoina/metabolismo , Proteína p53 Supresora de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas de Unión a Ácidos Grasos/metabolismo , Autoantígenos/metabolismo
17.
Cancer Cell Int ; 22(1): 343, 2022 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348375

RESUMEN

Prohibitins (PHBs) are a class of highly evolutionarily conserved proteins that widely distribute in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. PHBs function in cell growth and proliferation or differentiation, regulating metabolism and signaling pathways. PHBs have different subcellular localization in eukaryotes, but they are mainly located in mitochondria. In the mitochondria, PHBs stabilize the structure of the mitochondrial membrane and regulate mitochondrial autophagy, mitochondrial dynamics, mitochondrial biogenesis and quality control, and mitochondrial unfolded protein response. PHBs has shown to be associated with many diseases, such as mitochondria diseases, cancers, infectious diseases, and so on. Some molecule targets of PHBs can interfere with the occurrence and development of diseases. Therefore, this review clarifies the functions of PHBs in mitochondria, and provides a summary of the potential values in clinics.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1014550, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330097

RESUMEN

Background: Ferroptosis is a newly proposed concept of programmed cell death and has been widely studied in many diseases during the past decade. However, a bibliometric study that concentrates on publication outputs and research trends of ferroptosis related to the brain is lacking. Methods: We retrieved publication data in the field of ferroptosis in the brain from the Web of Science Core Collection on 31 December 2021. A bibliometric analysis was performed using VOSviewer and CiteSpace software. Results: Six hundred fifty-six documents focusing on ferroptosis in the brain were published from 2012 to 2021. The number of publications in this field has shown a steady increase in recent years. Most publications were from China (338) and the United States (166), while the most productive organizations were at the University of Melbourne (34) and University of Pittsburgh (23). Ashley I. Bush was the most productive author, while Scott J Dixon was the most co-cited author. The journal Free Radical Biology and Medicine published the most articles in this field, while Cell was the most cited journal. Among 656 publications, top 10 cited documents were cited at least 300 times. Among the top 20 references with the strongest citation bursts, half of the papers had a burst until 2021. The keywords analysis suggests that the top 20 keywords appeared at least 40 times. Additionally, "amyloid precursor protein" was the keyword with strongest bursts. Conclusion: Research on ferroptosis in the brain will continue to be highly regarded. This study analyzed the research landscape of ferroptosis in the brain and offers a new reference for researchers in this field.

20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 4435161, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36238640

RESUMEN

Background: Sevoflurane is one of the most popular inhalational anesthetics during perioperative period but presenting neurotoxicity among pediatric and aged populations. Recent experiments in vivo and in vitro have indicated that ferroptosis may contribute to the neurotoxicity of sevoflurane anesthesia. However, the exact mechanism is still unclear. Methods: In current study, we explored the differential expressed genes (DEGs) in HT-22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells after sevoflurane anesthesia using RNA-seq. Differential expressed ferroptosis-related genes (DEFRGs) were screened and analyzed by Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analysis. Protein-to-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING). Significant modules and the hub genes were identified by using Cytoscape. The Connectivity Map (cMAP) was used for screening drug candidates targeting the identified DEFRGs. Potential TF-gene network and drug-gene pairs were established towards the hub genes. In final, we validated these results in experiments. Results: A total of 37 ferroptosis-related genes (18 upregulated and 19 downregulated) after sevoflurane exposure in hippocampal neuronal cells were finally identified. These differentially expressed genes were mainly involved into the biological processes of cellular response to oxidative stress. Pathway analysis indicated that these genes were involved in ferroptosis, mTOR signaling pathway, and longevity-regulating pathway. PPI network was constructed. 10 hub genes including Prkaa2, Chac1, Arntl, Tfrc, Slc7a11, Atf4, Mgst1, Lpin1, Atf3, and Sesn2 were found. Top 10 drug candidates, gene-drug networks, and TFs targeting these genes were finally identified. These results were validated in experiments. Conclusion: Our results suggested that ferroptosis-related genes play roles in sevoflurane anesthesia-related hippocampal neuron injury and offered the hub genes and potential therapeutic agents for investigating and treatment of this neurotoxicity after sevoflurane exposure. Finally, therapeutic effect of these drug candidates and function of potential ferroptosis targets should be further investigated for treatment and clarifying mechanisms of sevoflurane anesthesia-induced neuron injury in future research.


Asunto(s)
Anestésicos , Ferroptosis , Factores de Transcripción ARNTL , Animales , Biología Computacional/métodos , Ferroptosis/genética , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica/métodos , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Hipocampo , Ratones , Fosfatidato Fosfatasa/genética , Sevoflurano/toxicidad , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/genética
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