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1.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822134

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced premature menopause leads to some consequences, including infertility. We initiated this randomized phase 3 trial to determine whether a cyclophosphamide-free adjuvant chemotherapy regimen would increase the likelihood of menses resumption and improve survival outcomes. METHODS: Young women with operable ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer after definitive surgery were randomized to receive adjuvant epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel (EC-wP) or epirubicin/paclitaxel followed by weekly paclitaxel (EP-wP). All patients received at least 5-year adjuvant endocrine therapy after chemotherapy. Two coprimary endpoints were the rate of menstrual resumption at 12 months after chemotherapy and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01026116). All statistical tests were 2-sided. RESULTS: Between Jan 2011 and Dec 2016, 521 patients (median age = 34 years; interquartile range = 31-38 years) were enrolled, with 261 in the EC-wP group and 260 in the EP-wP group. The rate of menstrual resumption at 12 months after chemotherapy was 48.3% in EC-wP (95% confidence interval [CI] = 42.2% to 54.3%) and 63.1% in EP-wP (95% CI = 57.2% to 68.9%), with an absolute difference of 14.8% (95% CI = 6.37% to 23.2%, P < 0.001). The post-hoc exploratory analysis by patient-reported outcome questionnaires indicated that pregnancy might occur in fewer women in the EC-wP group than in the EP-wP group. At a median follow-up of 62 months, the 5-year DFS was 78.3% (95% CI = 72.2% to 83.3%) in EC-wP and 84.7% (95% CI = 79.3% to 88.8%) in EP-wP (stratified log-rank P = 0.07). The safety data were consistent with the known safety profiles of relevant drugs. CONCLUSIONS: The cyclophosphamide-free chemotherapy regimen might be associated with a higher probability of menses resumption.

2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813646

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor is recommended to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the safety of PD-1 inhibitor in patients with high HBV-DNA load is unknown because of the potential risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation. This study was to compare the HBV reactivation between patients with low HBV-DNA loads and high HBV-DNA loads undergoing antiviral prophylaxis and PD-1 inhibitor. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including consecutive hepatitis B surface antigen-positive HCC patients who received PD-1 inhibitor and concurrent antiviral prophylaxis for prevention of clinical hepatitis. Patients were divided into low HBV-DNA group (low group, ≤ 500 IU/ml) and high HBV-DNA group (high group, > 500 IU/ml) according to the baseline HBV-DNA level. The incidences of HBV reactivation, HBV-associated hepatitis, and PD-1 inhibitor disruption were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Two hundred two eligible patients were included: 94 in the low group and 108 in the high group. Seven patients (5 in the low group and 2 in the high group) developed HBV reactivation, and all recovered from HBV reactivation and HBV-associated hepatitis. The incidence of HBV reactivation in the two groups was low (5.3% vs 1.9%, P = 0.34). There was also no difference in the incidence of HBV-associated hepatitis (P = 0.56), or PD-1 inhibitor disruption (P = 0.82). The multivariable analysis showed PD-1 inhibitor with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy was the only significant risk factor for HBV reactivation (P = 0.04) and hepatitis (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: With concurrent antiviral prophylaxis, HBV-DNA load higher than 500 IU/ml should not be a contraindication for PD-1 inhibitor.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25475, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847654

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an archetypal autoimmune disorder. The conventional treatments for this disease are drugs, plasma exchange, surgical, and so on. However, this disease is difficult to cure. A mass of studies revealed that the external treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for MG is a safe and economical approach. The present study conducted a meta-analysis to compare TCM external treatment combined with modern medicine with modern medicine for MG, in order to determine which TCM external treatment intervention has the best relative efficacy, safety, and provide the best evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, Springer, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan-fang database, VIP Chinese Science and Technique Journals Database, the Chinese Bio Medical Database (CBM), and Baidu Scholar were searched. The time of publication was limited from inception to February 28, 2021. Two reviewers independently searched for the selected articles and extract the data. The RevMan V.5.3 statistical software (Cochrane Collaboration) and Stata V.16.0 software were used to conduct the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The results of the systematic review and meta-analysis will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The present study provides a protocol that can be used in the systematic review and meta-analysis, with the intent to inform professionals on the external treatment of TCM for MG. These would lead to investigations on the use of the most external treatment of TCM for MG. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202110083.

4.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2021 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826953

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The reduced fucosylation in the spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2 and the IgG antibody has been observed in COVID-19. However, the clinical relevance of α-L-fucosidase, the enzyme for defucosylation has not been discovered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 585 COVID-19 patients were included to analyze the correlations of α-L-fucosidase activity with the nucleic acid test, IgM/IgG, comorbidities, and disease progression. RESULTS: Among the COVID-19 patients, 5.75% were double-negative for nucleic acid and antibodies. All of them had increased α-L-fucosidase, while only one had abnormal serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP). The abnormal rate of α-L-fucosidase was 81.82% before the presence of IgM, 100% in the presence of IgM, and 66.2% in the presence of IgG. 73.42% of patients with glucometabolic disorders had increased α-L-fucosidase activity and had the highest mortality of 6.33%. The increased α-L-fucosidase was observed in 55.8% of non-severe cases and 72.9% of severe cases, with an odds ratio of 2.118. The α-L-fucosidase mRNA was irrelevant to its serum activity. CONCLUSION: The change in α-L-fucosidase activity in COVID-19 preceded the IgM and SAA and showed a preferable relation with glucometabolic disorders, which may be conducive to virus invasion or invoke an immune response against SARS-CoV-2.

5.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 898: 173975, 2021 May 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647258

RESUMEN

Natural products are a large source of clinically effective antitumor drugs. Millepachine, a natural product derived from leguminous plants, was reported to display antitumor activity. In this study, the novel compound, (1H-indol-5-yl) (5-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-2H-chromen-8-yl)methanone (MIL-1), was designed and synthesized by fusing millepachine and indole rings. MIL-1 exerted much better antitumor activity than millepachine, manifesting as a 24- to 201-fold increase in vitro cytotoxicity and a 2.4-fold increase in in vivo antitumor activity in hepatocellular cell lines-derived models. The immunofluorescence and HPLC detection revealed that MIL-1 was a potent microtubule targeting agent by interfering with the equilibrium of tubulin-microtubule dynamics and irreversibly binding to tubulin. MIL-1 displayed remarkable antitumor activity with an IC50 of 31-207 nM towards various human cancer cell lines derived from various organs and tissues, and it exerted no evidence of toxicity against normal cells. Mechanistic studies showed that MIL-1 arrested the cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis by activating caspase-3 activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Moreover, the superior antitumor effect of MIL-1 is worthy of further detailed study for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764794

RESUMEN

Background: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a common malignant bone cancer and usually occurs in adolescents and children. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play essential roles in tumor development and progression. This study aimed to explore the function and molecular basis of circ_0016347 in OS progression. Materials and Methods: The levels of circ_0016347, miR-1225-3p, and ether à go-go 1 (KCNH1) were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot assay. Cell proliferation was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and colony formation assay. Cell migration and invasion were evaluated by transwell assay. Glucose consumption and lactate production were detected by glucose detection and lactic acid detection kits. The levels of Ki-67, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and hexokinase-2 (HK2) were examined by western blot assay. The interaction among circ_0016347, miR-1225-3p, and KCNH1 was validated by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Xenograft assay was conducted to analyze tumor growth in vivo. Results: Circ_0016347 and KCNH1 were upregulated, while miR-1225-3p was downregulated in OS tissues or cells. Circ_0016347 and KCNH1 promoted proliferation, migration, invasion, and glycolysis of OS cells. Circ_0016347 regulated OS progression by modulating KCNH1. Circ_0016347 was a sponge of miR-1225-3p, and miR-1225-3p targeted KCNH1. Circ_0016347 regulated KCNH1 expression via sponging miR-1225-3p. Moreover, silencing of circ_0016347 inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Conclusion: Circ_0016347 contributed to OS progression through the miR-1225-3p/KCNH1 axis, which might provide a promising biomarker for OS therapy.

7.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719452

RESUMEN

In this study, 2,3-dicyanopyrazino phenanthrene (DCPP), a commodity chemical that can be prepared at an industrial scale, was used as a photocatalyst in lieu of Ru or Ir complexes in C-X (X = C, N, and O) bond-forming reactions under visible-light irradiation. In these reactions, [DCPP]n aggregates were formed in situ through physical π-π stacking of DCPP monomers in organic solvents. These aggregates exhibited excellent photo- and electrochemical properties, including a visible light response (430 nm), long excited-state lifetime (19.3 µs), high excited-state reduction potential (Ered([DCPP]n*/[DCPP]n·-) = +2.10 V vs SCE), and good reduction stability. The applications of [DCPP]n aggregates as a versatile visible-light photocatalyst were demonstrated in decarboxylative C-C cross-coupling, amidation, and esterification reactions.

8.
Sci Adv ; 7(12)2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741594

RESUMEN

Tumor microenvironment-responsive therapy has enormous application potential in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The glutathione (GSH) level has been shown to be significantly increased in tumor tissues. Thus, GSH can be used as an effective endogenous molecule for diagnosis and tumor microenvironment-activated therapy. In this study, we prepared a tumor microenvironment-induced, absorption spectrum red-shifted, iron-copper co-doped polyaniline nanoparticle (Fe-Cu@PANI). The Cu(II) in this nanoparticle can undergo a redox reaction with GSH in tumors. The redox reaction induces a red shift in the absorption spectrum of the Fe-Cu@PANI nanoparticles from the visible to the near-infrared region accompanying with the etching of this nanoparticle, which simultaneously activates tumor photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy, thereby improving the accuracy of in vivo tumor imaging and the efficiency of photothermal therapy. The nanoparticle prepared in this study has broad application prospects in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(14): 4064-4073, 2021 Apr 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787257

RESUMEN

Imidaclothiz is a novel and systemic neonicotinoid pesticide with excellent insecticidal efficacy. However, knowledge of its uptake, translocation, and biotransformation within plants is still largely unknown, restricting work on its accurate and comprehensive risk assessment. Here, we systematically investigated the behavior of imidaclothiz in three plant-water systems via hydroponic experiments. The results showed that imidaclothiz was readily taken up by plant roots and translocated upward, resulting in relative enrichment in leaves. The recoveries of imidaclothiz in plant-water systems decreased with increasing exposure time, and approximately 31.8-45.6% mass loss was measured at the end of exposure. Ultimately, imidaclothiz yielded five products in celery leaves, three products in lettuce leaves, and two products in radish leaves. Multiple metabolic reactions including hydroxylation, hydrolysis of nitrate ester, and methylation occurred within plants. This is the first report on the fate of imidaclothiz within plants and suggests increasing concerns about the risk assessment of imidaclothiz.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 7570-7588, 2021 Mar 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658393

RESUMEN

NLRP1 (NLR family, pyrin domain containing 1), the first NLR protein, described to form an inflammasome, plays critical roles in innate immunity and inflammation. However, NLRP1 has not been reported to be linked to LUAD (lung adenocarcinoma) risk, prognosis, immunotherapy or any other treatments. This research aimed to explore the prognostic value and mechanism of NLRP1 in LUAD. We performed bioinformatics analysis on LUAD data downloaded from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus), and jointly analyzed with online databases such as TCGAportal, LinkedOmics, TIMER, ESTIMATE and TISIDB. NLRP1 expression of LUAD tissue was considerably lower than that in normal lung tissue. Decreased NLRP1 expression of LUAD was associated with relatively high pathological, T and N stages. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that patients with low NLRP1 expression had a worse prognosis than those with high expression. Multivariate Cox analysis further showed that NLRP1 expression level was an independent prognostic factor of LUAD. Moreover, the level of NLRP1 expression was positively linked to the degree of infiltration of various TIICs (tumor-infiltrating immune cells). Our findings confirmed that reduced expression of NLRP1 was significantly related to poor prognosis and low degree of immune cell infiltration in LUAD patients.

11.
Exp Cell Res ; 402(1): 112551, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675808

RESUMEN

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to play a crucial role in the onset and progression of cervical cancer (CC). Here, the results of RNA microarray and RNA-sequencing dataset analysis showed that lncRNA DLEU2 was significantly upregulated in CC tissues. Clinicopathologic analysis indicated that lncRNA DLEU2 was closely related to tumor topography. Functional experiments and bioinformatics analysis revealed that lncRNA DLEU2 promoted CC cell proliferation and accelerated the cell cycle. Mechanistically, lncRNA DLEU2 promoted the progression of the cell cycle and inhibited the activity of the Notch signaling pathway by inhibiting p53 expression. Additionally, lncRNA DLEU2 probably interacted with ZFP36 Ring Finger Protein (ZFP36) to inhibit the expression of p53. In conclusion, this study revealed the function of lncRNA DLEU2 in CC tumorigenesis, suggesting new therapeutic targets in CC.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(2): 874-882, 2021 Feb 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742882

RESUMEN

A novel biochar was prepared by modification with corn straw, ethylene triamine, and carbon disulfide, and its adsorption properties and stability with respect to heavy metal ions in single and mixed systems (Pb2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+) were investigated. Characterization analysis confirmed the successful modification of an amine-sulfur double group on the surface of the biochar, which had abundant functional groups with a large specific surface area. Adsorption experiments under the single system indicated that the adsorption equilibrium time was 4 h and the optimum dosages were 1, 0.8, and 1.2 g·L-1. The adsorption met the conditions of the quasi-second-order kinetic equation. Under the ternary system, the adsorption equilibrium time was reduced to 1.5 h, the optimum dosages were 0.4, 1.6, and 0.8 g·L-1, and the adsorption sequence was Pb2+ > Cd2+ > Ni2+. The total amount of adsorption was 0.67 mmol·g-1, which was higher than that of single heavy metal ions, indicating that amine-sulfur modified straw biochar (BC-SN) has an improved treatment effect on polluted water under the coexistence of three heavy metal ions. The Pb2+ and Cd2+ adsorbed by the biochar was stably bound in the form of heavy metal sulfide and a chelated amino group. In contrast, the adsorption of Ni2+ was via the mixed adsorption of various functional groups. When Pb2+ and Cd2+ compete for adsorption, the binding energy is higher and adsorption stability is more reliable.

13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 216: 113322, 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652353

RESUMEN

In this paper, the 2,5-disubstituted furan derivatives containing 1,3,4-thiadiazole were synthesized and screened for their inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase and ß-glucuronidases to obtain potent α-glucosidase inhibitor 9 (IC50 = 0.186 µM) and E. coli ß-glucuronidase inhibitor 26 (IC50 = 0.082 µM), respectively. The mechanisms of the compounds were studied. The kinetic study revealed that compound 9 is a competitive inhibitor against α-glucosidase (Ki = 0.05 ± 0.003 µM) and molecular docking simulation showed several key interactions between 9 and the target including hydrogen bond and p-π stacking interaction. Derivative 26 (Ki = 0.06 ± 0.005 µM) displayed uncompetitive inhibition behavior against EcGUS. Furthermore, the result of docking revealed the furan ring of 26 may be a key moiety in obstructing the active domain of EcGUS. In addition, compound 15 exhibited significant inhibitory activity against these two enzymes, with potential therapeutic effects against diabetes and against CPT-11-induced diarrhea. At the same time, their low toxicity against normal liver tissue LO2 cells lays the foundation for in vivo studies and the development of bifunctional drug.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(7): 3391-3399, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655701

RESUMEN

CLEC10A, (C-type lectin domain family 10, member A), as the member of C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), plays a vital role in modulating innate immunity and adaptive immunity and has shown great potential as an immunotherapy target for cancers. However, there is no functional research of CLEC10A in prognostic risk, immunotherapy or any other treatment of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We performed bioinformatics analysis on LUAD data downloaded from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus), and jointly analysed with online databases such as HPA, LinkedOmics, TIMER, ESTIMATE and TISIDB. We found that lower expression of CLEC10A was accompanied with worse outcomes of LUAD patients. Moreover, CLEC10A expression was significantly correlated with a variety of the tumour-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs). As a promising prognosis predictor and potential immunotherapy target, the potential influence and mechanisms of CLEC10A in LUAD deserve further exploring.

15.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(1): 35-41, 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665658

RESUMEN

Fentanyl as a synthetic opioid works by binding to the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) in brain areas to generate analgesia, sedation and reward related behaviors. As we know, cerebellum is not only involved in sensory perception, motor coordination, motor learning and precise control of autonomous movement, but also important for the mood regulation, cognition, learning and memory. Previous studies have shown that functional MORs are widely distributed in the cerebellum, and the role of MOR activation in cerebellum has not been reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of fentanyl on air-puff stimulus-evoked field potential response in the cerebellar molecular layer using in vivo electrophysiology in mice. The results showed that perfusion of 5 µmol/L fentanyl on the cerebellar surface significantly inhibited the amplitude, half width and area under the curve (AUC) of sensory stimulation-evoked inhibitory response P1 in the molecular layer. The half-inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the fentanyl-induced suppression of P1 amplitude was 4.21 µmol/L. The selective MOR antagonist CTOP abolished fentanyl-induced inhibitory responses in the molecular layer. However, application of CTOP alone increased the amplitude and AUC of P1. Notably, fentanyl significantly inhibited the tactile stimulation-evoked response of molecular layer interneurons (MLIs) and the spontaneous firing of MLIs. The results suggest that fentanyl attenuates air-puff stimulus-evoked field potential response in the cerebellar molecular layer via binding to MOR to restrain the spontaneous and evoked firing of MLIs.


Asunto(s)
Cerebelo , Fentanilo , Animales , Potenciales Evocados , Fentanilo/farmacología , Interneuronas , Ratones , Estimulación Física
16.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 138, 2021 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637038

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chloroplast genome resources can provide useful information for the evolution of plant species. Tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is among the most economically valuable member of Camellia. Here, we determined the chloroplast genome of the first natural triploid Chinary type tea ('Wuyi narcissus' cultivar of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, CWN) and conducted the genome comparison with the diploid Chinary type tea (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, CSS) and two types of diploid Assamica type teas (Camellia sinensis var. assamica: Chinese Assamica type tea, CSA and Indian Assamica type tea, CIA). Further, the evolutionary mechanism of the chloroplast genome of Camellia sinensis and the relationships of Camellia species based on chloroplast genome were discussed. RESULTS: Comparative analysis showed the evolutionary dynamics of chloroplast genome of Camellia sinensis were the repeats and insertion-deletions (indels), and distribution of the repeats, indels and substitutions were significantly correlated. Chinese tea and Indian tea had significant differences in the structural characteristic and the codon usage of the chloroplast genome. Analysis of sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) using sequences of the intergenic spacers (trnE/trnT) showed none of 292 different Camellia sinensis cultivars had similar sequence characteristic to triploid CWN, but the other four Camellia species did. Estimations of the divergence time showed that CIA diverged from the common ancestor of two Assamica type teas about 6.2 Mya (CI: 4.4-8.1 Mya). CSS and CSA diverged to each other about 0.8 Mya (CI: 0.4-1.5 Mya). Moreover, phylogenetic clustering was not exactly consistent with the current taxonomy of Camellia. CONCLUSIONS: The repeat-induced and indel-induced mutations were two important dynamics contributed to the diversification of the chloroplast genome in Camellia sinensis, which were not mutually exclusive. Chinese tea and Indian tea might have undergone different selection pressures. Chloroplast transfer occurred during the polyploid evolution in Camellia sinensis. In addition, our results supported the three different domestication origins of Chinary type tea, Chinese Assamica type tea and Indian Assamica type tea. And, the current classification of some Camellia species might need to be further discussed.

17.
Nat Plants ; 7(2): 129-136, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594262

RESUMEN

MicroRNA168 (miR168) is a key miRNA that targets Argonaute1 (AGO1), a major component of the RNA-induced silencing complex1,2. Previously, we reported that miR168 expression was responsive to infection by Magnaporthe oryzae, the causal agent of rice blast disease3. However, how miR168 regulates immunity to rice blast and whether it affects rice development remains unclear. Here, we report our discovery that the suppression of miR168 by a target mimic (MIM168) not only improves grain yield and shortens flowering time in rice but also enhances immunity to M. oryzae. These results were validated through repeated tests in rice fields in the absence and presence of rice blast pressure. We found that the miR168-AGO1 module regulates miR535 to improve yield by increasing panicle number, miR164 to reduce flowering time, and miR1320 and miR164 to enhance immunity. Our discovery demonstrates that changes in a single miRNA enhance the expression of multiple agronomically important traits.

18.
Bioresour Technol ; 328: 124847, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609883

RESUMEN

Sewage sludge contains various classes of organic pollutants, limiting its land application. Sludge composting can effectively remove some organic pollutants. This review summarizesrecent researches on concentration changes and dissipation of different organic pollutants including persistent organic pollutants during sludge composting, and discusses their dissipation pathways and the current understanding on dissipation mechanism. Some organic pollutants like PAHs and phthalates were removed mainly through biodegradation or mineralization, and their dissipation percentages were higher than those of PCDD/Fs and PCBs. Nevertheless, some recalcitrant organic pollutants could be sequestrated in organic fractions of sludge mixtures, and their levels and ARG abundance even increased after sludge composting in some studies, posing potential risks for land application. This review demonstrated that microbial community and their corresponding degradation for organic pollutants were influenced by different pollutants, bulking agents, composting methods and processes. Further research perspectives on removing organic pollutants during sludge composting were highlighted.


Asunto(s)
Compostaje , Contaminantes Ambientales , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Dibenzofuranos , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Suelo
19.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 1533033821989817, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550923

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a common malignant tumor with a high incidence. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be important post-transcriptional regulators during tumorigenesis. This study aimed to explore the effect of miR-144 on PCa proliferation and apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of miR-144 and EZH2 were examined in clinical PCa tissues. PCa cell line LNCAP and DU-145 was employed and transfected with miR-144 mimics or inhibitors. The correlation between miR-144 and EZH2 was verified by luciferase reporter assay. Cell viability, apoptosis and migratory capacity were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry assay and wound healing assay. The protein level of EZH2, E-Cadherin, N-Cadherin and vimentin were analyzed by western blotting. RESULTS: miR-144 was found to be negatively correlated to the expression of EZH2 in PCa tissues. Further studies identified EZH2 as a direct target of miR-144. Moreover, overexpression of miR-144 downregulated expression of EZH2, reduced cell viability and promoted cell apoptosis, while knockdown of miR-144 led to an inverse result. miR-144 also suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition level of PCa cells. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that miR-144 negatively regulate the expression of EZH2 in clinical specimens and in vitro. miR-144 can inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis in PCa cells. Therefore, miR-144 has the potential to be used as a biomarker for predicting the progression of PCa.

20.
Food Chem ; 350: 129245, 2021 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601091

RESUMEN

The co-occurrence of multiple pesticides in wheat fields adversely affects human health and the environment. Herein, 206 pairs of wheat and soil samples were collected from wheat fields in Beijing, China from 2018 to 2020. One or multiple pesticide residues were detected, and carbendazim (maximum: 38511.5 µg/kg) and tebuconazole (maximum: 45.4 µg/kg) had heavy occurrence in the wheat samples. Carbendazim, triazoles, and neonicotinoids were frequently detected in the soil samples. HCHs and DDTs were detected, with p,p'-DDE in 100.0% of the soil samples at a maximum concentration of 546.0 µg/kg in 2020. Concentrations of carbendazim, tebuconazole, hexaconazole, and cyhalothrin in the paired soil and wheat samples exhibited significant positive correlations. Pesticides that exceeded the maximum residue limits do not pose non-carcinogenic risks, with one exception. The results provide important references towards risk monitoring and control in wheat fields, as well as facilitating the scientific and reasonable use of these pesticides.


Asunto(s)
Exposición Dietética , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Plaguicidas/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Triticum/química , Beijing , Humanos , Residuos de Plaguicidas/análisis , Plaguicidas/toxicidad , Medición de Riesgo , Contaminantes del Suelo/toxicidad
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