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1.
J Safety Res ; 67: 77-82, 2018 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553432

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Fire and emergency service workers, including Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting members, may be called on to perform confined space entry and rescue operations. The purpose of the present study was to develop a comprehensive and valid understanding of the present state of confined space entry and rescue training effectiveness and resultant compliance or use of best practices among trained Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting personnel. METHOD: The study used a convergent, parallel mixed-methods approach. Qualitative data (n = 20) were collected via semi-structured interviews at four locations. Data were coded, analyzed and super-ordinate and sub-ordinate themes were derived. Quantitative data (n = 158) from Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting members were analyzed. RESULTS: Interviewees believed there is a lack of standardization in training, but believed training should not be completed in the same format every time. Several participants (50%) desired more realistic training. Other concerns were associated with staffing, personal readiness, and resource adequacy. With regard to survey outcomes, most respondents reported that their organizations completed confined space training (69.8%), but only 55.3% indicated this training was conducted as a full-scale exercise and nearly 40% indicated that rescue practice was not performed despite standards mandating annual rescue practice. Following training, 55.4% indicated training evaluation information was not presented. CONCLUSIONS: Participants mostly agreed their training effectively addressed OSHA requirements, such as how to test the atmosphere, the need for and use of personal protective equipment, how to identify pertinent permit information and methods to retrieve victims in limited space. Some gaps exist between current training practices and established training requirements and standards. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting organizations need to bolster aspects of their training, particularly with regard to standardizing training efforts, practicing rescues, providing evaluation feedback and written materials and providing adequate resources.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Aviación , Aeronaves , Espacios Confinados , Educación Profesional/normas , Urgencias Médicas , Socorristas/educación , Fuego , Bomberos , Humanos , Estados Unidos
2.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 12(6): 675-679, 2018 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29352835

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Despite lessons learned from the recent Ebola epidemic, attempts to survey and determine non-health care worker, industry-specific needs to address highly infectious diseases have been minimal. The aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) industry is often overlooked in highly infectious disease training and education, even though it is critical to their field due to elevated occupational exposure risk during their operations. METHODS: A 44-question gap analysis survey was distributed to the ARFF Working Group to determine where highly infectious education and training can be improved. In total, N=245 responses were initiated and collected. Descriptive statistics were generated utilizing Qualtrics Software Version 2016.17©. RESULTS: Supervisors perceived Frontline respondents to be more willing and comfortable to encounter potential highly infectious disease scenarios than the Frontline indicated. More than one-third of respondents incorrectly marked transmission routes of viral hemorrhagic fevers. There were discrepancies in self-reports on the existence of highly infectious disease orientation and skills demonstration, employee resources, and personal protective equipment policies, with a range of 7.5%-24.0% more Supervisors than Frontline respondents marking activities as conducted. CONCLUSIONS: There are deficits in highly infectious disease knowledge, skills, and abilities among ARFF members that must be addressed to enhance member safety, health, and well-being. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2018;12:675-679).


Asunto(s)
Medicina Aeroespacial/métodos , Bomberos/educación , Evaluación de Necesidades/tendencias , Trabajo de Rescate/métodos , Enseñanza/normas , Medicina Aeroespacial/educación , Aeronaves , Bomberos/estadística & datos numéricos , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/diagnóstico , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/transmisión , Humanos , Trabajo de Rescate/tendencias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enseñanza/tendencias
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