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1.
Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis ; 39(1): e2022003, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35494172

RESUMEN

Background: Sarcoidosis can lead to variable periods of sickness and unemployment. Rehabilitation is recommended in sarcoidosis to improve exercise capacity. Therefore, focus on creating different and flexible rehabilitation options adapted to the needs of working patients is warranted to keep patients with sarcoidosis employed and to reduce the socioeconomic burden. Telerehabilitation (TR) might be an alternative. We investigated the usefulness and effectiveness of TR on exercise capacity in patients with sarcoidosis. Method: Single-center, prospective, randomized study including stable patients with sarcoidosis who were enrolled in either a control group where they received the usual standard of care (not including rehabilitation) or in the 3 months TR group composed of video and chat-consultations with a physiotherapist and workout sessions with a virtual autonomous physiotherapist agent (VAPA) (1). 6-minute-walk-test (6MWT), forced vital capacity (FVC), diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), isometric voluntary contraction (MVC), 7 days pedometry, Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire for interstitial lung disease (SGRQ-I), The King's Brief Interstitial Lung Disease Questionnaire (KBILD) and General Anxiety Disorder-7 Questionnaire (GAD7) were tested before and after 3 months of TR, and after 3- and 6 months follow-up. Patient satisfaction was measured with a 5-point scale (5 very satisfied) and adherence was calculated as percent of tasks and time spent training. Adverse events were documented. Results: Thirty patients aged 53.9±13.5 years, male 63.3%, FVC% 88.9±18.8, DLCO% 65.2±16.0, 6MWT 513.1±141.3 were included. Fifteen patients were randomized to TR with VAPA and 15 patients to the control group. Differences in meters walked (6MWTD) between groups was at baseline (-28.9 m (p=0.58)), after 3 (+25.8 m (p=0.57)), 6 (+48.4 m (p=0.39)) and 9 months (+77.3 m (p=0.18)) follow-up in favor of telerehabilitation. No differences were observed in MVC, 7 days pedometry, SGRQ-I, KBILD or GAD7. Exercise adherence in the intervention group was 64% and average exercise time was 28 minutes per exercise session during the first 3 months. Patient satisfaction scored 3.8 ± 0.7. No adverse events were reported. Conclusion: VAPA TR did not result in any change in exercise capacity or patient-reported outcomes in this pilot study in patients with sarcoidosis. However, a statistically non-significant trend for improved 6MWTD was observed during follow-up. VAPA TR was safe, had high patient satisfaction and acceptable adherence. Further randomized studies including larger numbers of participants are needed.

2.
BMJ Open Respir Res ; 9(1)2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545297

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Singing for Lung Health (SLH) was non-inferior to physical exercise training in improving 6-minute walking test distance (6MWD) and quality of life (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)) within a 10-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programme for COPD in our recent randomised controlled trial (RCT) (NCT03280355). Previous studies suggest that singing improves lung function, respiratory control and dyspnoea, however this has not yet been convincingly confirmed. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the impact of SLH on physiological parameters and the associations with achieving the minimal important difference (MID) in 6MWD and/or SGRQ. METHODS: We conducted post hoc, per-protocol analyses mainly of the SLH group of the RCT, exploring associations with 6MWD and SGRQ results by stratifying into achieving versus not-achieving 6MWD-MID (≥30 m) and SGRQ-MID (≤-4 points): changes in lung function, inspiratory muscle strength/control, dyspnoea, and heart rate response using logistic regression models. Further, we explored correlation and association in achieving both 6MWD-MID and SGRQ-MID (or in neither/nor) using Cohen's κ and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel Test. RESULTS: In the SLH study group (n=108), 6MWD-MID was achieved by 31/108 (29%) and in SGRQ by 53/108 (49%). Baseline factors associated with achieving MID in either outcome included short baseline 6MWD and high body mass index. Achieving 6MWD-MID was correlated with improved heart rate response (OR: 3.14; p=0.03) and achieving SGRQ-MID was correlated with improved maximal inspiratory pressure (OR: 4.35; p=0.04). Neither outcome was correlated with significant spirometric changes. Agreement in achieving both 6MWD-MID and SGRQ-MID was surprisingly insignificant. CONCLUSIONS: This explorative post hoc study suggests that SLH is associated with physiological changes after short-term PR for COPD. Future physiological studies will help us to understand the mechanisms of singing in COPD. Our study furthermore raises concern about poor agreement between subjective and objective benefits of PR despite state-of-the-art tools.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565384

RESUMEN

This systematic review investigated circulating methylated tumor DNA in bronchial lavage fluid for diagnosing lung cancer. PROSPERO registration CRD42022309470. PubMed, Embase, Medline, and Web of Science were searched on 9 March 2022. Studies of adults with lung cancer or undergoing diagnostic workup for suspected lung cancer were included if they used bronchial lavage fluid, analyzed methylated circulating tumor DNA, and reported the diagnostic properties. Sensitivity, specificity, and lung cancer prevalence were summarized in forest plots. Risk of bias was assessed using the QUADAS-2 tool. A total of 25 studies were included. All were case-control studies, most studies used cell pellet for analysis by quantitative PCR. Diagnostic sensitivity ranged from 0% for a single gene to 97% for a four-gene panel. Specificity ranged from 8% for a single gene to 100%. The studies employing a gene panel decreased the specificity, and no gene panel had a perfect specificity of 100%. In conclusion, methylated circulating tumor DNA can be detected in bronchial lavage, and by employing a gene panel the sensitivity can be increased to clinically relevant levels. The available evidence regarding applicability in routine clinical practice is limited. Prospective, randomized clinical trials are needed to determine the further usefulness of this biomarker.

4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403225

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to determine if treatment with senicapoc, improves the PaO2 /FiO2 ratio in patients with COVID-19 and severe respiratory insufficiency. METHODS: Investigator-initiated, randomized, open-label, phase II trial in four intensive care units (ICU) in Denmark. We included patients aged ≥18 years and admitted to an ICU with severe respiratory insufficiency due to COVID-19. The intervention consisted of 50 mg enteral senicapoc administered as soon as possible after randomization and again after 24 h. Patients in the control group received standard care only. The primary outcome was the PaO2 /FiO2 ratio at 72 h. RESULTS: Twenty patients were randomized to senicapoc and 26 patients to standard care. Important differences existed in patient characteristics at baseline, including more patients being on non-invasive/invasive ventilation in the control group (54% vs. 35%). The median senicapoc concentration at 72 h was 62.1 ng/ml (IQR 46.7-71.2). The primary outcome, PaO2 /FiO2 ratio at 72 h, was significantly lower in the senicapoc group (mean 19.5 kPa, SD 6.6) than in the control group (mean 24.4 kPa, SD 9.2) (mean difference -5.1 kPa [95% CI -10.2, -0.04] p = .05). The 28-day mortality in the senicapoc group was 2/20 (10%) compared with 6/26 (23%) in the control group (OR 0.36 95% CI 0.06-2.07, p = .26). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with senicapoc resulted in a significantly lower PaO2 /FiO2 ratio at 72 h with no differences for other outcomes.

5.
Hum Genomics ; 16(1): 13, 2022 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443721

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Variants in SLC34A2 encoding the sodium-dependent phosphate transport protein 2b (NaPi-IIb) cause the rare lung disease pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM). PAM is characterised by the deposition of calcium-phosphate concretions in the alveoli usually progressing over time. No effective treatment is available. So far, 30 allelic variants in patients have been reported but only a few have been functionally characterised. This study aimed to determine the impact of selected SLC34A2 variants on transporter expression and phosphate uptake in cellular studies. METHODS: Two nonsense variants (c.910A > T and c.1456C > T), one frameshift (c.1328delT), and one in-frame deletion (c.1402_1404delACC) previously reported in patients with PAM were selected for investigation. Wild-type and mutant c-Myc-tagged human NaPi-IIb constructs were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. The transport function was investigated with a 32Pi uptake assay. NaPi-IIb protein expression and localisation were determined with immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry, respectively. RESULTS: Oocytes injected with the wild-type human NaPi-IIb construct had significant 32Pi transport compared to water-injected oocytes. In addition, the protein had a molecular weight as expected for the glycosylated form, and it was readily detectable in the oocyte membrane. Although the protein from the Thr468del construct was synthesised and expressed in the oocyte membrane, phosphate transport was similar to non-injected control oocytes. All other mutants were non-functional and not expressed in the membrane, consistent with the expected impact of the truncations caused by premature stop codons. CONCLUSIONS: Of four analysed SLC34A2 variants, only the Thr468del showed similar protein expression as the wild-type cotransporter in the oocyte membrane. All mutant transporters were non-functional, supporting that dysfunction of NaPi-IIb underlies the pathology of PAM.


Asunto(s)
Calcinosis , Enfermedades Pulmonares , Mutación del Sistema de Lectura , Enfermedades Genéticas Congénitas , Humanos , Enfermedades Pulmonares/genética , Fosfatos , Proteínas Cotransportadoras de Sodio-Fosfato de Tipo IIb/genética
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35237033

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects millions of people worldwide. Obesity is commonly seen concomitantly with COPD. People with COPD have reduced quality of life, reduced physical activity, chronic respiratory symptoms, and may suffer from frequent clinical exacerbations. Liraglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) approved for weight loss and treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus. In addition, liraglutide exerts anti-inflammatory actions by reducing IL-6 and MCP-1 levels. We investigated the effect of liraglutide on pulmonary function in people suffering from obesity and COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this controlled, double-blind trial, 40 people with obesity and COPD from two outpatient clinics were allocated randomly to receive liraglutide (3.0 mg, s.c.) or placebo (s.c.) for 40 weeks. At baseline and after 4, 20, 40, and 44 weeks, participants underwent pulmonary-function tests, 6-min walking test, and replied to a questionnaire regarding the clinical impact of COPD (COPD assessment test (CAT)-score). RESULTS: Compared with placebo, liraglutide use resulted in significant weight loss, increased forced vital capacity (FVC) and carbon monoxide diffusion capacity, and improved CAT-score. We found no significant changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, or 6-min walking distance. CONCLUSION: In patients suffering from obesity and COPD, 40 weeks of treatment with liraglutide improved some measures of pulmonary function. Our study suggests that liraglutide at 3.0 mg may be appropriate treatment in patients with obesity and COPD.


Asunto(s)
Receptor del Péptido 1 Similar al Glucagón , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Volumen Espiratorio Forzado , Humanos , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/diagnóstico , Obesidad/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/diagnóstico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Calidad de Vida
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321533

RESUMEN

Introduction: Studies have shown that exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of further exacerbations. Our aim was to investigate the impact of a single moderate exacerbation on the odds of subsequent exacerbations and death in GOLD B COPD patients. Methods: This hospital-based nationwide, cohort study in Denmark included all patients ≥40 years of age with an in- and/or outpatient ICD-10 J44 diagnosis (COPD Register, 2008-2014). Index was date of first registered modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) score ≥2; baseline period was 12 months pre-index. At index, patients were grouped as: B0, no exacerbation; and B1, one moderate exacerbation during the previous year, and followed for three consecutive years in 2008-2017 for development of moderate- (short-term use of prednisolone or prednisone) and severe (emergency visit or hospitalization) exacerbations and death. Using B0 as reference, the odds ratio (OR) for exacerbation and death in GOLD B1 was estimated with multinominal logistic regression and a Cox model estimated the hazard ratio for exacerbation accounting for recurrent events. Results: In total, 8,453 patients (mean age 70 years, 51% male) were included, of which GOLD B0 4,545 and GOLD B1 3,908 patients. During the 3-year follow-up, 34.1% and 24.9% of GOLD B0 and B1, respectively, had none or one moderate exacerbation whereas 61.9% and 71.2% of B0 and B1, respectively, had a severe trajectory with multiple moderate and/or a severe exacerbation or died. In B1 patients, the OR for 1 moderate, ≥2 moderate exacerbations, ≥1 severe exacerbation was 1.58 [CI 1.33-1.87], 2.60 [2.19-3.08], 2.08 [1.76-2.45], respectively, and 1.85 [1.57-2.17] for death compared with B0. Conclusion: One moderate exacerbation in COPD patients with high symptom burden increases the odds of subsequent exacerbations and death during the three following years. The results emphasize the importance of preventing exacerbations in GOLD B patients.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Hospitalización , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatorios , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/diagnóstico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/epidemiología , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
8.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2022 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231610

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) prevalence is high among socially marginalized citizens in Denmark, and management of latent TB infection (LTBI) may be part of preventing new cases. Patients with LTBI are offered either preventive treatment (TPT) or follow-up chest x-rays, but knowledge about the long-term outcome in terms of active TB is sparse. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study investigating the long-term outcomes for socially marginalized citizens who were diagnosed with LTBI or who had a positive interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) but were lost to follow-up. Information on TB examinations, diagnostics, and treatment along with data on death were gathered from medical records from the date of positive IGRA to February 1, 2021. RESULTS: We identified 119 patients with LTBI, 18 of which (15.1%) were diagnosed with TB during the follow-up period (mean, 4.5 years). TPT was completed by 36.1% and the TB incidence rate ratio of those completing TPT to those who did not was 0.78 (confidence interval, 0.25-2.17; P =.6). Of the patients with TB, 16 of 18 achieved treatment success. CONCLUSION: High rates of TB development are found among socially marginalized citizens with LTBI. Overall incidence of TB was not significantly reduced by administration of TPT, although TB did not develop in the first 2 years following TPT.

9.
Respirology ; 27(5): 341-349, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35224821

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the direct and indirect costs of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in cases with and without interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: Cases diagnosed with SSc (2002-2015) were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry. Cases were matched 1:4 with non-SSc controls from the general population. Data on costs were obtained from national databases. Excess cost was estimated as the annual cost per case subtracting the costs of the control. RESULTS: We identified 1869 cases and 7463 controls. Total excess cost (direct healthcare, elderly care and indirect costs) in the SSc-ILD cohort was €29,725, and €17,905 in the non-ILD SSc cohort. In- and out-patient contacts and forgone earnings were the key drivers of costs in both cohorts. Healthcare costs were higher before and after the diagnosis compared with the controls. Men incurred higher excess healthcare costs than women. Hospitalization and outpatient services were the key drivers of the gender-associated differences. Income from employment decreased more rapidly after diagnosis in the SSc-ILD cohort than in the non-ILD SSc cohort. Public transfer income increased after diagnosis, with the most pronounced difference in the SSc-ILD cohort. Disability pension was the key driver of public transfer income. CONCLUSION: SSc is associated with a significant individual and societal burden that is evident several years before and after the diagnosis. Total excess costs are higher in SSc-ILD than in the non-ILD SSc underlining the severity of pulmonary involvement. Initiatives to maintain work ability and to reduce hospital admissions may reduce the economic burden of SSc.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales , Esclerodermia Sistémica , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Costos de la Atención en Salud , Hospitalización , Humanos , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales/complicaciones , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales/epidemiología , Masculino , Esclerodermia Sistémica/complicaciones , Esclerodermia Sistémica/epidemiología
11.
Respirology ; 27(3): 217-225, 2022 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016255

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aims of this national cohort study were: (1) to evaluate mortality in patients with sarcoidosis, stratified by gender, age and systemic corticosteroid (SC) treatment and (2) to characterize comorbidities in this cohort. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis from 2001 to 2015 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry. Subgroup analyses were performed on cases treated/not treated with SCs within 3 years of the initial sarcoidosis diagnosis (as a proxy for disease severity). The Deyo-Charlson Comorbidity Index was used to evaluate pre-diagnostic comorbidity. Cases were matched (1:4) with controls from the general population. RESULTS: We identified 9795 cases with sarcoidosis. Mean age was 46.5 ± 15.9 years and 55% were male. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for death was 1.48 (95% CI 1.31-1.68). Mortality was higher than for controls in all age groups and in both genders. HR for death for cases treated with SCs was 1.78 (95% CI 1.49-2.13) and, for cases receiving no treatment, 1.24 (95% CI 1.04-1.48). Sarcoidosis was the most commonly registered cause of death (13.3%). CONCLUSION: Patients with sarcoidosis have an increased mortality compared with matched controls. Mortality is particularly high in patients treated with SCs.


Asunto(s)
Sarcoidosis , Corticoesteroides/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , Sarcoidosis/epidemiología
12.
ERJ Open Res ; 8(1)2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35083316

RESUMEN

The PERSEIDS study aimed to estimate incidence/prevalence of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), fibrosing interstitial lung diseases (F-ILDs), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), systemic sclerosis-associated ILD (SSc-ILD), other non-IPF F-ILDs and their progressive-fibrosing (PF) forms in six European countries, as current data are scarce. This retrospective, two-phase study used aggregate data (2014-2018). In Phase 1, incident/prevalent cases of ILDs above were identified from clinical databases through an algorithm based on codes/keywords, and incidence/prevalence was estimated. For non-IPF F-ILDs, the relative percentage of subtypes was also determined. In Phase 2, a subset of non-IPF F-ILD cases was manually reviewed to determine the percentage of PF behaviour and usual interstitial pneumonia-like (UIP-like) pattern. A weighted mean percentage of progression was calculated for each country and used to extrapolate incidence/prevalence of progressive-fibrosing ILDs (PF-ILDs). In 2018, incidence/105 person-years ranged between 9.4 and 83.6 (ILDs), 7.7 and 76.2 (F-ILDs), 0.4 and 10.3 (IPF), 6.6 and 71.7 (non-IPF F-ILDs), and 0.3 and 1.5 (SSc-ILD); and prevalence/105 persons ranged between 33.6 and 247.4 (ILDs), 26.7 and 236.8 (F-ILDs), 2.8 and 31.0 (IPF), 22.3 and 205.8 (non-IPF F-ILDs), and 1.4 and 10.1 (SSc-ILD). Among non-IPF F-ILDs, sarcoidosis was the most frequent subtype. PF behaviour and UIP-like pattern were present in a third of non-IPF F-ILD cases each and hypersensitivity pneumonitis showed the highest percentage of progressive behaviour. Incidence of PF-ILDs ranged between 2.1 and 14.5/105 person-years, and prevalence between 6.9 and 78.0/105 persons. To our knowledge, PERSEIDS is the first study assessing incidence, prevalence and rate of progression of ILDs across several European countries. Still below the threshold for orphan diseases, the estimates obtained were higher and more variable than reported in previous studies, but differences in study design/population must be considered.

13.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 184(2)2022 01 10.
Artículo en Danés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023469

RESUMEN

This review describes the current Danish guidelines for inhaled asthma treatment. Monotherapy with short-acting beta-agonists (SABA) taken when needed is no longer recommended in asthma therapy for adults due to safety concerns. The recommended first-line treatment is now inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) taken with formoterol or ICS taken with SABA. The choice of inhaler can have a significant impact on compliance and symptom control, and an individualized approach is therefore needed. Biological treatment may be an alternative to oral corticosteroids in selected patient groups.


Asunto(s)
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Medicina General , Administración por Inhalación , Corticoesteroides/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Antiasmáticos/efectos adversos , Asma/tratamiento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Etanolaminas/uso terapéutico , Fumarato de Formoterol/uso terapéutico , Humanos
15.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Dec 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943496

RESUMEN

Patients admitted to hospital with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may develop acute respiratory failure (ARF) with compromised gas exchange. These patients require oxygen and possibly ventilatory support, which can be delivered via different devices. Initially, oxygen therapy will often be administered through a conventional binasal oxygen catheter or air-entrainment mask. However, when higher rates of oxygen flow are needed, patients are often stepped up to high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP), or invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). BiPAP, CPAP, and HFNC may be beneficial alternatives to IMV for COVID-19-associated ARF. Current evidence suggests that when nasal catheter oxygen therapy is insufficient for adequate oxygenation of patients with COVID-19-associated ARF, CPAP should be provided for prolonged periods. Subsequent escalation to IMV may be implemented if necessary.

16.
Eur Respir J ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625480

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a cornerstone in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) management. However, PR adherence is generally low, and barriers include availability, economic issues, motivation, and inability to attend or perform physical training. Therefore, alternative, evidence-based PR activities are required. Singing may have benefits within quality of life (QoL), respiratory control, and wellbeing in COPD, but impact on PR key outcome, physical exercise capacity, is uncertain. METHODS: In this RCT (NCT03280355), we investigated effectiveness of 10-weeks of PR, including either "Singing for Lung Health" (SLH)-training or standard physical exercise training (PExT). PRIMARY OUTCOME: Change in exercise capacity (6-Minute Walk Test, distance (6 MWD)) from baseline to post-PR. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: Changes in QoL (St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)), Hospital anxiety and depression score (HADS), lung function, dyspnoea, and adherence. RESULTS: We included 270 COPD patients, and 195 completed the study. Demographics across groups were comparable, and both groups improved significantly in 6 MWD and SGRQ. SLH was non-inferior to PExT in 6 MWD (13.1 m±36.3/14.1 m±32.3; p=0.81 [95%CI=-7.28;9.30]) with 21.8% respectively 25.0% (p=0.57) reaching 6 MWD Minimal Important Difference of 30 m. We found no significant between-group differences concerning SGRQ, HADS, lung function, dyspnoea, or adherence. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that SLH is non-inferior to PExT in improving 6 MWD during a 10-weeks PR programme. Future studies addressing reproducibility, long-term effects and health-economics are needed.

17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639313

RESUMEN

We investigated the usefulness and effectiveness of tele-rehabilitation on exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). A randomized study was carried out, including stable patients with IPF for 3 months of tele-rehabilitation: video and chat consultations with a physiotherapist and workout sessions with a virtual physiotherapist agent (VAPA). Moreover, 6-min walk test distance (6MWTD), forced vital capacity (FVC), diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), 7 days pedometry, Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire for interstitial lung disease, The King's Brief Interstitial Lung Disease Questionnaire, and General Anxiety Disorder 7 Questionnaire were tested before and after 3 months of tele-rehabilitation, as well as after 3 and 6 months follow-up. Patient satisfaction and adherence were also measured for tele-rehabilitation with VAPA. Twenty-nine patients aged 70.9 ± 8.6 years, male 72.4%, FVC% 83.5 ± 17.7, DLCO% 50.6 ± 13.0, 6MWTD 468.4 ± 14.8 were included. Fifteen patients were randomized to tele-rehabilitation with VAPA and 14 to the control group. Differences in 6MWTD between groups were at baseline (+10 m (p = 0.11)) and after 3 (+39.5 m (p = 0.03)), 6 (+34.3 m (p = 0.02)), and 9 months (+40.5 m (p = 0.15)) follow-up. No difference was observed in pedometry and quality of life. Adherence was above 63%. Patient satisfaction was high. Tele-rehabilitation with VAPA appears to be useful in patients with IPF. Exercise capacity was better at follow up at 3 and 6 months compared with the control group. There was no change in quality of life or pedometry. Adherence and patient satisfaction were all high.


Asunto(s)
Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales , Telerrehabilitación , Humanos , Masculino , Calidad de Vida , Capacidad Vital
18.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 183(39)2021 09 27.
Artículo en Danés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596512

RESUMEN

Rehabilitation is an effective non-pharmacological treatment for persons with chronic non-malignant pulmonary disease. However, studies have demonstrated various obstacles resulting in low attendance rate among the candidates, thus highlighting the need for alternative solutions. Home-based exercise improve exercise capacity and decrease dyspnoea in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis as summarised in this review. In addition, home-based exercise demonstrates numerical but not statistically significant improvements in quality of life and lung function.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Calidad de Vida , Disnea/etiología , Disnea/terapia , Ejercicio Físico , Terapia por Ejercicio , Tolerancia al Ejercicio , Humanos , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/complicaciones , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/terapia
19.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 259, 2021 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610840

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is impaired in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). HRQL is often measured using the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) despite the development of an IPF-specific version (SGRQ-I). Using data from a real-world cohort of patients with IPF, we aimed to transform SGRQ into a derived version of SGRQ-I, SGRQ-Ider, to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal validity of SGRQ-Ider and to compare SGRQ-Ider to SGRQ-I. METHODS: Based on results from SGRQ, SGRQ-Ider was derived applying the algorithm used to develop SGRQ-I. Of the 50 items in SGRQ, 34 items were retained in SGRQ-Ider. Response options for seven items were collapsed and minor adjustments were made to the weights of two items after correspondence with the developers of SGRQ-I. Cross-sectional validation, responsiveness and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) were assessed by comparison to other HRQL instruments, pulmonary function tests and 6-min walk test performed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. Furthermore, the association between SGRQ-Ider scores and mortality was examined. RESULTS: A total of 150 IPF patients participated and 124 completed follow-up at 12 months. SGRQ-Ider performed comparably to SGRQ-I with a high concurrent validity, good test-retest reliability and high known-groups validity. SGRQ-Ider was responsive to change in HRQL and physiological anchors. MCID of SGRQ-Ider for improvement and deterioration was 3.5 and 5.7, respectively. SGRQ-Ider scores were associated with mortality in both univariate (HR 1.82, 95% CI 1.42-2.34 per 20-point increase) and multivariate analyses (HR 1.57, 95% CI 1.20-2.05 per 20-point increase). CONCLUSIONS: The SGRQ-Ider is a valid, reliable and responsive HRQL instrument in patients with IPF and has psychometric properties comparable to SGRQ-I. Thus, SGRQ results can reliably be transformed into the SGRQ-Ider. The MCID estimates were calculated for improvement and deterioration separately. Increasing SGRQ-Ider score was associated with increased mortality.


Asunto(s)
Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Pulmón/fisiopatología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estudios Transversales , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/mortalidad , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/fisiopatología , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Estudios Longitudinales , Salud Mental , Diferencia Mínima Clínicamente Importante , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Pronóstico , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Pruebas de Función Respiratoria , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores de Tiempo , Prueba de Paso
20.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2433-2443, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465989

RESUMEN

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease that is mainly caused by smoking, and most patients with COPD are either former or current smokers. The optimal way to slow down disease progression and reduce overall mortality is for patients to stop smoking. Patients with COPD are known to have lower socio-economic status and to be more nicotine-dependent than most other smokers and therefore face difficulties when attempting to quit smoking. Pharmacological smoking cessation treatment is known to be the most effective. However, the extent to which this treatment is actually offered to Danish smokers with COPD is unknown. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate if patients with COPD were more likely to redeem a prescription for smoking cessation medication compared with matched controls. Materials and Methods: The study was designed as a registry-based, non-interventional case-control study. All Danish patients with COPD (ICD-10-code J 44 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) diagnosed between 2009 and 2015 were included (130,797 cases). Controls (252,216) were matched on age, gender and geography. Primary outcome was the number of redeemed prescriptions for smoking cessation medication. Results: We found that 12% of patients with COPD redeemed a prescription for smoking cessation medication during the eight-year study period. The odds ratio (OR) for redeeming a prescription on smoking cessation medicine was OR 6.22 for patients with COPD compared with their matched controls. We also found that patients with COPD were more likely to redeem smoking cessation medication if they were younger, female or single. Conclusion: There is substantial room for improvement with respect to pharmacological smoking cessation treatment in Danish patients with COPD. In-depth knowledge of factors contributing to the patients choice of smoking cessation treatment might allow for more personalized guidance of patients with COPD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Cese del Hábito de Fumar , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Dinamarca/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/diagnóstico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/epidemiología , Dispositivos para Dejar de Fumar Tabaco , Vareniclina
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