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1.
J Diabetes Investig ; 11(1): 151-161, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161658

RESUMEN

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Data of nationwide glycemic control and hypoglycemic treatment patterns in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients in China are absent. The aim of this study was to assess the evolution of treatment patterns for newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients and the clinical outcomes during 12-month follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational prospective cohort study with 12 months of follow up. Patients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes for <6 months were enrolled. Glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and hypoglycemic treatment patterns were collected at baseline and at every 3 months of follow up. RESULTS: A total of 79 hospitals were recruited, consisting of 5,770 participants. The mean HbA1c was 8.4 ± 2.5% at baseline, and decreased to 6.7 ± 1.2% at 12 months with 68.5% of patients achieving HbA1c <7%. At baseline, 44.6% of the patients were without hypoglycemic medications, 37.7% had oral hypoglycemic agents and 17.7% received insulin treatment. Determinants of change in HbA1c were treatment patterns, comorbidities, baseline characteristics such as obesity and smoking, regions, and tiers of hospitals. Associated factors with treatment alterations were time of follow up, treatment patterns, patient-reported reasons such as the economic factors and poor efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: In newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients, compared with patients without medications, patients with one oral hypoglycemic agent had higher possibilities of reaching glycemic control, whereas patients using insulin had lower possibilities of reaching the target. Factors associated with change in HbA1c and treatment alterations were also revealed.

2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 271, 2019 Nov 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783791

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease including ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is increasing and the leading cause of death in China. There has been limited data available to characterize STEMI management and outcomes in rural areas of China. The Henan STEMI Registry is a regional STEMI project with the objectives to timely obtain real-world knowledge about STEMI patients in secondary and tertiary hospitals and to provide a platform for care quality improvement efforts in predominantly rural central China. METHODS: The Henan STEMI Registry is a multicentre, prospective and observational study for STEMI patients. The registry includes 66 participating hospitals (50 secondary hospitals; 16 tertiary hospitals) that cover 15 prefectures and one city direct-controlled by the province in Henan province. Patients were consecutively enrolled with a primary diagnosis of STEMI within 30 days of symptom onset. Clinical treatments, outcomes and cost are collected by local investigators and captured electronically, with a standardized set of variables and standard definitions, and rigorous data quality control. Post-discharge patient follow-up to 1 year is planned. As of August 2018, the Henan STEMI Registry has enrolled 5479 patients of STEMI. DISCUSSION: The Henan STEMI Registry represents the largest Chinese regional platform for clinical research and care quality improvement for STEMI. The board inclusion of secondary hospitals in Henan province will allow for the exploration of STEMI in predominantly rural central China. TRIAL REGISTRATION: [NCT02641262] [29 December, 2015].

3.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 5631620, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828163

RESUMEN

Aim: To investigate the metabolic profiles of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (NEW2D) in Chinese older adults (≥65 years) and assess the proportion of patients who achieved the targeted goals of blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood lipid. Methods: NEW2D study was an observational, longitudinal, prospective cohort study involving patients who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) within the past 6 months and had a follow-up of 12 months. Participants were divided into younger NEW2D group (aged 20-65 years old) and older NEW2D group (aged ≥65 years old) according to age of diabetes onset. The baseline metabolic profiles were compared and the proportion of patients achieving adequate control of blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood lipids in reference to target goals were assessed during treatment. Results: The older NEW2D (n = 1362) had a lower BMI, HbA1c%, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and total cholesterol, higher systolic blood pressure, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels at baseline. 47.8%, 66.7%, and 39.4% reached the target of HbA1c < 7.0%, BP < 140/90 mmHg, and LDL - C < 2.6 mmol/L, respectively. After 12 months, the proportion achieving above three targets increased to 70.2%, 76.1%, and 47.5%, respectively. The proportions of patients achieving three combined therapeutic targets doubled from 13.5% to 26.7%. Conclusion: The older NEW2D patients have special metabolic profiles compared with younger patients. The control of cardiovascular disease risk factors was suboptimal in older adults with type 2 diabetes.

4.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2019: 7372129, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772614

RESUMEN

Objective. To investigate the contemporary status of stroke risk profile, antithrombotic treatment, and quality-of-life (QoL) of patients with all types of atrial fibrillation (AF) in China. Design. This is a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Setting. Tertiary (80%) and Tier 2 hospitals (20%) were identified in different economic regions (Northeast, East, West, and Middle) by using a simple random sampling. Participants. A total of 3562 (85.6%) patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and 599 (14.4%) with rheumatic valvular atrial fibrillation (VAF) were consecutively enrolled from 111 hospitals from July 2012 to December 2012. Data Collection. Patient information was collected and QoL was assessed using Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. Primary and Secondary Outcome Measures. The risk of stroke was assessed using the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc. QoL was assessed using Medical Outcomes Study SF-36 questionnaire. Results. Overall, 31.7% of the patients received anticoagulant treatment and 61.2% received antiplatelet treatment. The rate of anticoagulant treatment was higher in patients with VAF than in those with NVAF. The anticoagulant use was the lowest in Northeast and the highest in Middle regions. Independent risk factors associated with underuse of anticoagulants for NVAF were age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), non-Middle regions, nontertiary hospitals, and new-onset or paroxysmal AF. For VAF patients, the independent factors were age, paroxysmal AF, treatment in Tier 2 hospitals, SBP, diastolic blood pressure, history of coronary artery disease, and nonreceipt of antiarrhythmic therapy. Patients receiving anticoagulants fared significantly better in some QoL domains than those who received no antithrombotic therapy. Conclusions. These findings suggest that antiplatelet treatment is overused and anticoagulant treatment is underused both in Chinese patients with VAF and NVAF, even though usage of anticoagulants is associated with better QoL. Risk factors with underuse of anticoagulants were not identical in patients with NVAF and VAF.

6.
Iran J Public Health ; 48(5): 974-976, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523657
7.
Chronic Dis Transl Med ; 5(2): 75-88, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367696

RESUMEN

Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a challenging burden on public health. Therapeutic strategies for CHF have developed rapidly in the past decades from conventional medical therapy, which mainly includes administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, and aldosterone antagonists, to biomedical engineering methods, which include interventional engineering, such as percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy, percutaneous coronary intervention, catheter ablation, biventricular pacing or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and CRT-defibrillator use, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator use; mechanical engineering, such as left ventricular assistant device use, internal artery balloon counterpulsation, cardiac support device use, and total artificial heart implantation; surgical engineering, such as coronary artery bypass graft, valve replacement or repair of rheumatic or congenital heart diseases, and heart transplantation (HT); regenerate engineering, which includes gene therapy, stem cell transplantation, and tissue engineering; and rehabilitating engineering, which includes exercise training, low-salt diet, nursing, psychological interventions, health education, and external counterpulsation/enhanced external counterpulsation in the outpatient department. These biomedical engineering therapies have greatly improved the symptoms of CHF and life expectancy. To date, pharmacotherapy, which is based on evidence-based medicine, large-scale, multi-center, randomized controlled clinical trials, is still a major treatment option for CHF; the current interventional and mechanical device engineering treatment for advanced CHF is not enough owing to its individual status. In place of HT or the use of a total artificial heart, stem cell technology and gene therapy in regenerate engineering for CHF are very promising. However, each therapy has its advantages and disadvantages, and it is currently possible to select better therapeutic strategies for patients with CHF according to cost-efficacy analyses of these therapies. Taken together, we think that a new era of biomedical engineering for CHF has begun.

8.
Stem Cell Res ; 38: 101483, 2019 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226583

RESUMEN

AIMS: To establish a KCNQ1 mutant-specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) model of a Chinese inherited long QT syndrome (LQTS) patient and to explore the pathogenesis of KCNQ1 mutations. METHODS AND RESULTS: (1) Two patient-specific iPSC lines from the proband were obtained. (2) The experiments produced spontaneously beating cardiomyocytes (CMs) from patient iPSCs. Splicing mutation c. 605-2A > G in iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) resulted in the skipping of exon 4, exons 3-4, or exons 3-6 in KCNQ1 transcription what was observed in the patient's peripheral leukocytes. (3) Action potential duration (APD) at 50% and 90% repolarization (APD50 and APD90) of the patient's iPSC-derived ventricular-like-CMs was significantly longer than that of the control. Moreover, early after depolarization (EAD) and coupled beats were observed only in L1-iPSC-CMs. (4) A c.815G > A corrected iPSC line was obtained by using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR associated protein 9 (Cas9) system. CONCLUSION: (1) Cardiomyocytes with spontaneous pulsation were successfully differentiated from LQTS patient-specific iPSC lines. (2) For KCNQ1 splicing mutations, there is a chance that splicing patterns in peripheral leukocytes are similar to that in patient iPSC-CMs. (3) The truncated KCNQ1 proteins induced by such splicing mutation might cause Iks decrease, which in turn produced APD prolongation and triggered activities. (4) Our data showed that CRISPR-Cas9 system could be used to rescue the LQTS-related mutations.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7709, 2019 May 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118445

RESUMEN

Nationwide data on glycemic control, blood pressure (BP) control and lipid control in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were vacant in China. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes for these patients. This is an observational prospective cohort study with 12 months of follow up. Patients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes less than 6 months were enrolled. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, BP levels and lipid levels were collected at baseline and the follow-ups. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01525693). A total of 5770 participants from 79 hospitals across six geographic regions of China were recruited. After 12 months of treatment, 68.5% of these patients achieved HbA1c <7.0%; 83.7% reached BP <140/90 mmHg; 48.2% met low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) <2.6 mmol/L; and 29.5% of patients reached the combined three therapeutic targets. Compared to those patients with baseline HbA1c <7.0%, patients with baseline HbA1c ≥7.0% had higher failure rate to reach glycemic control (relative risk (RR) = 2.04, p < 0.001), BP control (RR = 1.21, p < 0.001) and LDL-c control (RR = 1.11, p < 0.001). Obese patients had higher possibilities of failure in glucose control (RR = 1.05, p = 0.004), BP control (RR = 1.62, p < 0.001) and lipid control (RR = 1.09, p = 0.001) than patients with normal weight. The active smokers were more likely to fail in glycemic control than non-smokers (RR = 1.06, p = 0.002), and patients with physical activities were less likely to fail in lipid control than patients without exercises (RR = 0.93, p = 0.008). This study outlined the burdens of glycemic control, blood pressure control, lipid control in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients in China, identified gaps in the quality of care and risk-factor control and revealed the factors influencing these gaps.

10.
J Psychosom Res ; 121: 24-28, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928210

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability and criterion validity of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) versus Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression (HADS-D) as screening instruments for depression in patients with the acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A total of 782 patients were recruited from four local hospitals. All of them completed the questionnaires of PHQ-9 and HADS-D. The measures of PHQ-9 and HADS-D were validated against the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a gold diagnostic criterion for major depressive disorder (MDD). RESULTS: Based upon the MINI, the prevalence of MDD was 15.6% in Chinese ACS patients. Two scales demonstrated excellent internal consistencies (Cronbach's α > 0.8). The diagnostic accuracy of PHQ-9 and HADS-D for diagnosing MDD was moderate with areas under receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve of 0.842 (95%CI: 0.806-0.894) and 0.813 (95%CI: 0.767-0.852), respectively. The optimal cutoff points of PHQ-9 and HADS-D for screening MDD were 10 and 9, respectively. Comparing the operating characteristics of PHQ-9 and HADS-D, the specificity was similar (84.7% vs. 85.5%, p = .40) while the sensitivity of PHQ-9 was significantly higher than HADS-D (86.9% vs. 76.2%, p = .001). CONCLUSION: Chinese versions of PHQ-9 and HADS-D are reliable and valid screening instruments for MDD in ACS patients. The PHQ-9 performs better in minimizing missed diagnoses.

11.
JAMA Cardiol ; 4(5): 418-427, 2019 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994898

RESUMEN

Importance: Prior observational studies suggest that quality of care improvement (QCI) initiatives can improve the clinical outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To our knowledge, this has never been demonstrated in a well-powered randomized clinical trial. Objective: To determine whether a clinical pathway-based, multifaceted QCI intervention could improve clinical outcomes among patients with ACS in resource-constrained hospitals in China. Design, Setting, Participants: This large, stepped-wedge cluster randomized clinical trial was conducted in nonpercutaneous coronary intervention hospitals across China and included all patients older than 18 years and with a final diagnosis of ACS who were recruited consecutively between October 2011 and December 2014. We excluded patients who died before or within 10 minutes of hospital arrival. We recruited 5768 and 0 eligible patients for the control and intervention groups, respectively, in step 1, 4326 and 1365 in step 2, 3278 and 3059 in step 3, 1419 and 4468 in step 4, and 0 and 5645 in step 5. Interventions: The intervention included establishing a QCI team, training clinical staff, implementing ACS clinical pathways, sequential site performance assessment and feedback, online technical support, and patient education. The usual care was the control that was compared. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), comprising all-cause mortality, reinfarction/myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke. Secondary outcomes included 16 key performance indicators (KPIs) and the composite score developed from these KPIs. Results: Of 29 346 patients (17 639 men [61%]; mean [SD] age for control, 64.1 [11.6] years; mean [SD] age for intervention, 63.9 [11.7] years) who were recruited from 101 hospitals, 14 809 (50.5%) were in the control period and 14 537 (49.5%) were in the intervention period. There was no significant difference in the incidence of in-hospital MACE between the intervention and control periods after adjusting for cluster and time effects (3.9% vs 4.4%; odds ratio, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.75-1.15; P = .52). The intervention showed a significant improvement in the composite KPI score (mean [SD], 0.69 [0.22] vs 0.61 [0.23]; P < .01) and in 7 individual KPIs, including the early use of antiplatelet therapy and the use of appropriate secondary prevention medicines at discharge. No unexpected adverse events were reported. Conclusions and Relevance: Among resource-constrained Chinese hospitals, introducing a multifaceted QCI intervention had no significant effect on in-hospital MACE, although it improved a few of the care process indicators of evidence-based ACS management. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01398228.

12.
Eur Heart J ; 40(15): 1179-1181, 2019 Apr 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982072
13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(9): 1045-1052, 2019 May 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896567

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety have been correlated with elevated risks for quality-of-life (QOL), adverse outcomes, and medical expenditure in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the relevant data are lacking for Chinese ACS populations, especially regarding different effects of major depression, anxiety, and comorbidity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the dynamic changes of depression and/or anxiety over 12 months and examine the effects of depression, anxiety, and comorbidity on QOL, adverse outcomes, and medical expenditure in Chinese patients with ACS. METHODS: For this prospective longitudinal study, a total of 647 patients with ACS were recruited from North China between January 2013 and June 2015. Among them, 531 patients (82.1%) completed 12-month follow-ups. Logistic regression model was utilized for analyzing the association of baseline major depression, anxiety, and comorbidity with 12-month all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, QOL, and health expenditure. RESULTS: During a follow-up period of 12 months, 7.3% experienced non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and 35.8% cardiac re-hospitalization. Baseline comorbidity, rather than major depression/anxiety, strongly predicted poor 12-month QOL as measured by short-form health survey-12 (odds ratio [OR]: 1.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.22-2.52, P = 0.003). Regarding 12-month non-fatal MI and cardiac re-hospitalization, baseline anxiety (OR: 2.83, 95% CI: 1.33-5.89, P < 0.01; OR: 4.47, 95% CI: 1.50-13.00, P < 0.01), major depression (OR: 2.58, 95% CI: 1.02-6.15, P < 0.05; OR: 5.22, 95% CI: 1.42-17.57, P < 0.03), and comorbidity (OR: 6.33, 95% CI: 2.96-13.79, P < 0.0001, OR: 14.08, 95% CI: 4.99-41.66, P < 0.0001) were all independent predictors, and comorbidity had the highest predictive value. Number of re-hospitalization stay, admission frequency within 12 months and medical expenditure within 2 months were the highest in patients with ACS with comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Major depression and anxiety may predict 12-month non-fatal MI and cardiac re-hospitalization. However, comorbidity has the highest predictive value with greater medical expenditure and worse QOL in Chinese patients with ACS. And depression with comorbid anxiety may be a new target of mood status in patients with ACS.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/fisiopatología , Depresión/fisiopatología , Infarto del Miocardio/fisiopatología , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/economía , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/fisiopatología , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infarto del Miocardio/economía , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida
14.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 32, 2019 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696435

RESUMEN

ᅟ: The present study comprised 17,096 Chinese hypertensive dyslipidemia patients who received lipid-lowering treatment for > 3 months in order to investigate blood pressure (BP) as well as low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal attainment rates in Chinese hypertensive dyslipidemia patients on antidyslipidemia drugs. The factors that interfered with BP, or BP and LDL-C goal attainment rates and antihypertensive treatment patterns, were analyzed. In total, 89.9% of the 17,096 hypertensive dyslipidemia patients received antihypertensive medications mainly consisting of a calcium channel blocker (CCB) (48.7%), an angiotensin receptor antagonist (ARB) (25.4%) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) (15.1%). In cardiology departments, usage rates of ß-blockers (19.2%) were unusually high compared to other departments (4.0-8.3%), whereas thiazide diuretics were prescribed at the lowest rate (0.3% vs 1.2-3.6%). The overall goal attainment rates for combined BP and LDL-C as well as BP or LDL-C targets were 22.9, 31.9 and 60.1%, respectively. The lowest BP, LDL-C and BP combined with LDL-C goal attainment rates were achieved in endocrine departments (19.9, 48.9 and 12.4%, respectively). Combination therapies showed no benefit particularly for BP goal achievement. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age < 65 years, alcohol consumption, diabetes, coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28 kg/m2 and not achieving total cholesterol goals were independent predictors for achieving BP, LDL-C or combined BP and LDL-C goals. In summary, the BP and LDL-C goal achievement rates in Chinese dyslipidemia outpatients with hypertension were low, especially in endocrine departments. Combination therapies were not associated with improvement of the goal achievement rates. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration number NCT01732952.


Asunto(s)
Presión Sanguínea/efectos de los fármacos , LDL-Colesterol/sangre , Enfermedad Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administración & dosificación , Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina/administración & dosificación , Antihipertensivos/administración & dosificación , Índice de Masa Corporal , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/administración & dosificación , LDL-Colesterol/efectos de los fármacos , Enfermedad Coronaria/sangre , Enfermedad Coronaria/complicaciones , Enfermedad Coronaria/patología , Dislipidemias/sangre , Dislipidemias/complicaciones , Dislipidemias/patología , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/sangre , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Hipertensión/patología , Lípidos/sangre , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Factores de Riesgo , Inhibidores de los Simportadores del Cloruro de Sodio/administración & dosificación
15.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(9): 1192-1200, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30084224

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate statin description on discharge and the benefit on the long-term outcomes in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) patients with very low baseline LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c). METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of 3374 ACS patients who were discharged alive and had baseline LDL-c levels below 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L). The propensity score of using statin was estimated with a multivariable Logistic model including patient's demography, social economic status, cardiovascular risk factors, subtype of the diagnosis, and treatments received during hospitalization and current LDL-c level. The risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) was compared between patients received and not-received statin with Cox-regression models adjusting for the propensity score plus other factors. A sensitivity analysis was done in propensity score matched patients. RESULTS: Compared with nonstatin group, the incidence of MACE at 12 months after discharge was lower in the statin group (11.1% vs 5.8%; P < 0.001). The propensity score plus other factors-adjusted hazard ratios for MACEs was significant (0.58; 95% CI: 0.39, 0.87). The effect showed a significant dose-response relationship (P for trend = 0.02). The results in analyses with propensity-score matched participants were in consistent with above findings. Analyses on total mortality in 12 months showed similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Among ACS survivors with a very low baseline LDL-c, low to moderate intensity statin therapy was associated significantly with lower risk of MACEs and total mortality at 12 months. The results suggested that ACS survivors should take statin regardless of the baseline of LDL-c.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Coronario Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , LDL-Colesterol/sangre , Prescripciones de Medicamentos/estadística & datos numéricos , Inhibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Reductasas/uso terapéutico , Alta del Paciente , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/sangre , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/mortalidad , Anciano , Biomarcadores/sangre , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tasa de Supervivencia/tendencias , Factores de Tiempo
17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(10): 1199-1205, 2018 May 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29722339

RESUMEN

Background: Previous studies have shown that hypertension is an important factor contributing to the occurrence and progression of diabetic kidney damage. However, the relationship between the patterns of blood pressure (BP) trajectory and kidney damage in the diabetic population remains unclear. This prospective study investigated the effect of long-term systolic BP (SBP) trajectory on kidney damage in the diabetic population based on an 8-year follow-up community-based cohort. Methods: This study included 4556 diabetic participants among 101,510 participants. BP, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and urinary protein were measured every 2 years from 2006 to 2014. SBP trajectory was identified by the censored normal modeling. Five discrete SBP trajectories were identified according to SBP range and the changing pattern over time. Kidney damage was evaluated through eGFR and urinary protein value. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of different SBP trajectory groups on kidney damage. Results: We identified five discrete SBP trajectories: low-stable group (n = 864), moderate-stable group (n = 1980), moderate increasing group (n = 609), elevated decreasing group, (n = 679), and elevated stable group (n = 424). The detection rate of kidney damage in the low-stable group (SBP: 118-124 mmHg) was the lowest among the five groups. The detection rate of each kidney damage index was higher in the elevated stable group (SBP: 159-172 mmHg) compared with the low-stable group. For details, the gap was 4.14 (11.6% vs. 2.8%) in eGFR <60 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2 and 3.66 (17.2% vs. 4.7%), 3.38 (25.0% vs. 7.4%), and 1.8 (10.6% vs. 5.9%) times in positive urinary protein, eGFR <60 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2 and/or positive urinary protein, and eGFR decline ≥30%, respectively (P < 0.01). Conclusion: An elevated stable SBP trajectory is an independent risk factor for kidney damage in the diabetic population.


Asunto(s)
Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática , Femenino , Tasa de Filtración Glomerular/fisiología , Humanos , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
18.
J Diabetes Investig ; 9(4): 789-798, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29205907

RESUMEN

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, and assess the effect of MetS on the treatment patterns and blood glucose, blood pressure and blood lipids goal achievements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 25,454 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients including demographic data, anthropometric measurements, treatment patterns, and blood glucose and lipid profiles were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Using modified Adult Treatment Panel III MetS criteria, the prevalence of MetS was 57.4% in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, who also fulfilled the criteria for MetS, tended to be women, living in the northeast, with a diabetes duration ≥5 years and leading a sedentary lifestyle. Most MetS (53.4%) and non-MetS (57%) diabetes patients received oral hypoglycemic drugs. Insulin or insulin combination therapies were more applied in MetS (37.5%) than in non-MetS (33.1%) diabetes patients, and the percentages of MetS diabetes patients receiving antihypertensive and lipid-modulating drugs were 52.9% and 28.2% vs 38.3% and 19.3% of the non-MetS diabetes patients. Just 37.5%, 15.6% and 32.9% of the MetS diabetes patients vs 54.6%, 45.6% and 40.4% of the non-MetS diabetes patients achieved the individual target goals for control of blood glucose (glycosylated hemoglobin <7%), blood pressure (systolic blood pressure <130 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure <80 mmHg) and blood lipids (total cholesterol <4.5 mmol/L), whereas just 2.1% achieved all three target goals. CONCLUSIONS: MetS with a high prevalence in Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is associated with poor blood glucose, blood pressure and blood lipids control rate.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Metabólico/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome Metabólico/epidemiología , Anciano , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Sistema de Registros , Factores de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(46): e8555, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29145263

RESUMEN

Lipid-lowering therapy with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, but the efficacy of persistent treatment in a real-world setting may vary from regions. Routine lipid-lowering therapy in the region with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease may lead to more failures of goal attainment. We therefore performed a study to observe different lipid-lowering strategies in northeast (NE) China with respect to low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction and goal attainments.A cross-sectional study (DYSIS-China) was conducted in 2012, involving 25,317 patients from 122 centers across China who were diagnosed with hyperlipidemia and treated with lipid-lowering therapy for at least 3 months. Of these patients, 4559 (18.0%) were assigned to the NE group according to their residential zones.Patients in the NE group tended to be younger, female, overweight, and had more comorbidities and higher blood lipid levels than those in the non-NE group (P < .001). The goal attainment for LDL-C in NE was lower than non-NE (45.3% vs 65.1%, P < .001), and especially lower in high (NE vs non-NE, 38.5% vs 58.6%) and very high (NE vs non-NE, 22.6% vs 43.7%) risk patients. The proportion of high intensity statin was lower in NE than non-NE, and the proportion of combination therapy was similar (∼2%). However, the goal attainment did not increase after administering higher dosages of statins in 2 groups. Logistic regression analysis identified diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease (CBD), being female, body mass index (BMI) >24 kg/m, drinking alcohol, smoking, and being residence in NE China as independent predictors of LDL-C attainment.Despite having received persistent lipid-lowering treatments, the current situation of dyslipidemia patients in NE China is unsatisfactory. The main treatment gap might be related to the choice of statin and effective combination therapy and the control of comorbidities and obesity, especially for high-risk patients.


Asunto(s)
LDL-Colesterol/sangre , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Inhibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Reductasas/administración & dosificación , Inhibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Reductasas/uso terapéutico , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 12648, 2017 10 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28978912

RESUMEN

Our study was aimed to investigate the gender disparities in lipid goal attainment among type 2 diabetes outpatients with concomitant coronary heart disease (CHD) and explore potential risk factors. We performed the present analysis using data from a nationally representative epidemiologic study. The therapeutic goal was defined as achieving a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) <1.8 mmol/L. A total of 1721 male and 2072 female type 2 diabetes outpatients with established CHD were identified. Compared with men, women had higher levels of total cholesterol (4.98 vs. 4.46 mmol/L; p < 0.001), LDL-C (2.82 vs. 2.54 mmol/L; p < 0.001), and triglycerides (2.02 vs. 1.79 mmol/L; p < 0.001), but not hemoglobin A1c (7.47% vs. 7.50%; p = 0.597). The proportion of women received lipid-lowering therapy was lower (38.1% vs. 48.2%; p < 0.001). The percentages of patients who achieved the LDL-C goal were higher among men. Multivariable regression analysis indicated that the odds ratio for lipid goal attainment due to the gender difference was 0.61 after adjusting confounders. The inability to achieve LDL-C goals in women with type 2 diabetes and CHD is apparently greater than that in men. This finding underscores the importance of initiatives to establish a more aggressive lipid management strategy for women to overcome gender imbalances.


Asunto(s)
Anticolesterolemiantes/administración & dosificación , LDL-Colesterol/sangre , Enfermedad Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , Anticolesterolemiantes/efectos adversos , HDL-Colesterol/sangre , Enfermedad Coronaria/sangre , Enfermedad Coronaria/complicaciones , Enfermedad Coronaria/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangre , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Femenino , Hemoglobina A Glucada/metabolismo , Humanos , Inhibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Reductasas/administración & dosificación , Inhibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Reductasas/efectos adversos , Lípidos/sangre , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pacientes Ambulatorios , Factores de Riesgo , Caracteres Sexuales , Triglicéridos/sangre
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