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1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(3): 259-265, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297469

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The association between strength, assistance with walking, rise from a chair, climb stairs and falls (SARC-F), strength, assistance with walking, rise from a chair, climb stairs, falls and calf circumference (SARC-CalF), Ishii score chart, the short version of mini sarcopenia risk assessment (MSRA-5), the full version of mini sarcopenia risk assessment (MSRA-7) and clinical outcomes in patients with gastric cancer were unclear. We aimed to investigate the predictive values of the above five sarcopenia screening tools on clinical outcomes following surgery in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: The clinical data of consecutive patients who would undergo gastrectomy from May 2020 to October 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were prospectively collected. On the first admission day, patients' characteristics, Nutrition risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002), the above five sarcopenia screening tools and anthropometric measurements were preoperatively collected. Within 24 hours after discharge, operation information, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and clinical outcomes in hospital (postoperative complications, hospitalization expenditures and postoperative hospital stay) were collected. Three months after discharge, clinical outcomes out of hospital (hospital readmissions and mortality) were collected. Multivariate analyses were conducted to identify the independent predictors for clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 263 patients were finally included in the study, with the average age being 62.44 years. The prevalence of sarcopenia risk ranged from 3.42% to 73.76%. For the above five sarcopenia screening tools, multivariate analyses showed that sarcopenia risk indicated by SARC-CalF was an independent predictor for postoperative complications (OR=3.145 [95%CI: 0.594, 16.665], P=0.037), prolonged postoperative hospital stay (B=2.383 [95%CI: 0.377, 4.388], P=0.020), increased hospitalization expenditures (B=1.305 [95%CI: 0.402, 2.208], P=0.005) and 3-month hospital readmissions (HR=3.626 [95%CI: 1.126, 11.676], P=0.031). Sarcopenia risk indicated by Ishii score chart was an independent predictor for postoperative complications (OR=6.491 [95%CI: 1.514, 27.840], P=0.012) and hospitalization expenditures (B=0.767 [95%CI: 0.065, 1.469], P=0.032). Sarcopenia risk indicated by MSRA-7 was an independent predictor for prolonged postoperative hospital stay (B=1.636 [95%CI: 0.119, 3.153], P=0.035)and increased hospitalization expenditures (B=0.831 [95%CI: 0.146, 1.516], P=0.018). CONCLUSION: Among the above five sarcopenia screening tools, SARC-CalF seemed to have better predictive values on clinical outcomes. Preoperative gastric cancer patients with sarcopenia risk indicated by SARC-CalF could have a higher risk of postoperative complications, prolonged postoperative hospital stay, increased hospitalization expenditures and 3-month hospital readmissions.


Asunto(s)
Sarcopenia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Detección Precoz del Cáncer/efectos adversos , Evaluación Geriátrica , Humanos , Tamizaje Masivo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Sarcopenia/complicaciones , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/epidemiología , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicaciones , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirugía , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(2): 195-200, 2022 Feb 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35184484

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the association of blood lead and blood selenium with serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) among Chinese adults aged 19 to 79 years. Methods: The participants were enrolled from the first wave of China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) conducted from 2017 to 2018. 10 153 participants aged 19 to 79 years were included in this study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from participants. Lead and selenium in whole blood and hs-CRP in serum were measured. Individuals with hs-CRP levels above 3.0 mg/L were defined as elevated hs-CRP. Generalized linear mixed models and restricted cubic spline models were used to analyze the association of blood lead and blood selenium with elevated hs-CRP. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the multiplicative scale and additive scale interaction between blood lead and blood selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Results: The age of participants was (48.91±15.38) years, of which 5 054 (61.47%) were male. 1 181 (11.29%) participants were defined as elevated hs-CRP. After multivariable adjustment, results from generalized linear models showed that compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood lead, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third, and highest quartiles were 1.14 (0.94-1.37), 1.25 (1.04-1.52) and 1.38 (1.13-1.68), respectively. When compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood selenium, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third and highest quartiles were 0.86 (0.72-1.04), 0.91 (0.76-1.11), and 0.75 (0.61-0.92), respectively. Results from the interaction analysis showed no significant interaction between lead and selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Conclusion: Blood concentration of lead was positively associated with elevated serum hs-CRP, and blood concentration of selenium was inversely related to elevated hs-CRP, while blood lead and selenium did not present interaction on elevated hs-CRP.


Asunto(s)
Proteína C-Reactiva , Selenio , Adulto , Anciano , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reactiva/análisis , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto Joven
3.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 23(11): 2382-2393, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075547

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is an important risk factor for esophageal cancer. Macrophages constitute a crucial immune medium for regulating HPV-related tumors; however, the specific regulatory mechanisms remain unknown. Therefore, the purpose of our current study was to investigate the mechanism by which HPV16E6 regulates macrophages to promote the invasion and metastasis of esophageal cancer. METHODS: HPV16E6 infection was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemistry was used to verify the distribution of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and MMP-9 expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues (ESCCs), and cancer adjacent normal tissues (CANs) from Kazakh patients. ESCC cells were transfected with a plasmid over-expressing HPV16E6 and non-contact cocultured with macrophages. RESULTS: The infection rate of HPV16E6 in Kazakh ESCCs was clearly higher than that in CANs (P < 0.05). The density of CD163-positive TAMs was significantly positively correlated with HPV16E6 infection in ESCCs (P < 0.05). After coculturing macrophages and EC9706 cells transfected with the HPV16E6 plasmid, the phenotype of macrophages transformed into M2 macrophages. The migration and invasion ability of ESCC cells were higher in the HPV16E6-transfected and coculture group than in the HPV16E6 empty vector-transfected and non-cocultured HPV16E6-transfected groups (all P < 0.05). The density of M2-like TAMs in ESCCs was positively correlated with the level of MMP-9 expression. MMP-9 expression in the HPV16E6-ESCC coculture macrophages group was substantially higher than that in controls (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HPV16 infection mediates tumor-associated macrophages to promote ESCC invasion and migration.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas/patología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/patología , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Proteínas Oncogénicas Virales/metabolismo , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/complicaciones , Proteínas Represoras/metabolismo , Macrófagos Asociados a Tumores/patología , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciación Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular , China/etnología , Técnicas de Cocultivo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etnología , Neoplasias Esofágicas/virología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/etnología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/virología , Humanos , Metaloproteinasa 9 de la Matriz/metabolismo , Invasividad Neoplásica , Proteínas Oncogénicas Virales/genética , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/etnología , Fenotipo , Receptores de Superficie Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas Represoras/genética , Microambiente Tumoral , Macrófagos Asociados a Tumores/metabolismo , Macrófagos Asociados a Tumores/virología
4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2757, 2021 May 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980848

RESUMEN

Magnetostrictive materials transduce magnetic and mechanical energies and when combined with piezoelectric elements, evoke magnetoelectric transduction for high-sensitivity magnetic field sensors and energy-efficient beyond-CMOS technologies. The dearth of ductile, rare-earth-free materials with high magnetostrictive coefficients motivates the discovery of superior materials. Fe1-xGax alloys are amongst the highest performing rare-earth-free magnetostrictive materials; however, magnetostriction becomes sharply suppressed beyond x = 19% due to the formation of a parasitic ordered intermetallic phase. Here, we harness epitaxy to extend the stability of the BCC Fe1-xGax alloy to gallium compositions as high as x = 30% and in so doing dramatically boost the magnetostriction by as much as 10x relative to the bulk and 2x larger than canonical rare-earth based magnetostrictors. A Fe1-xGax - [Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3]0.7-[PbTiO3]0.3 (PMN-PT) composite magnetoelectric shows robust 90° electrical switching of magnetic anisotropy and a converse magnetoelectric coefficient of 2.0 × 10-5 s m-1. When optimally scaled, this high coefficient implies stable switching at ~80 aJ per bit.

6.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 229-232, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530172

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate the application value of eye tracking in lie detection. Methods The 40 subjects were randomly divided into two groups. The pupil diameter, fixation duration, points of fixation and blink frequency of the subjects in the experimental group in observing target stimulation and non-target stimulation were recorded with eye tracker after they accomplished the mock crime. The eye movement parameters of subjects in the control group were directly collected. The differences in eye movement parameters of the experimental group and the control group in observing target stimulation and non-target stimulation were analyzed by t-test. Pearson coefficient analysis of correlation between eye movement parameters that had differences was conducted. The effectiveness of eye movement parameters to distinguish between the experimental group and the control group was calculated by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. Results Participants from the experimental group had shorter average pupil diameter, longer average fixation duration and fewer fixation points (P<0.05), but the differences in blink frequency had no statistical significance. The differences in the above indicators of the control group in observing target stimulation and non-target stimulation had no statistical significance. The average fixation duration showed a negative correlation with fixation points (r=-0.255, P<0.05); the average fixation duration showed a negative correlation with average pupil diameter (r=-0.218, P<0.05); the fixation points showed a positive correlation with average pupil diameter (r=0.09, P<0.05). The area under the curve of average pupil diameter, average fixation duration and fixation points was 0.603, 0.621 and 0.580, respectively. Conclusion The average pupil diameter, average fixation duration and fixation points obtained by the eye tracker under laboratory conditions can be used to detect lies.


Asunto(s)
Detección de Mentiras , Pupila , Algoritmos , Movimientos Oculares , Humanos , Factores de Tiempo
7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19158, 2019 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844071

RESUMEN

Strain-coupled magnetoelectric (ME) phenomena in piezoelectric/ferromagnetic thin-film bilayers are a promising paradigm for sensors and information storage devices, where strain manipulates the magnetization of the ferromagnetic film. In-plane magnetization rotation with an electric field across the film thickness has been challenging due to the large reduction of in-plane piezoelectric strain by substrate clamping, and in two-terminal devices, the requirement of anisotropic in-plane strain. Here we show that these limitations can be overcome by designing the piezoelectric strain tensor using the boundary interaction between biased and unbiased piezoelectric. We fabricated 500 nm thick, (001) oriented [Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3]0.7-[PbTiO3]0.3 (PMN-PT) unclamped piezoelectric membranes with ferromagnetic Ni overlayers. Guided by analytical and numerical continuum elastic calculations, we designed and fabricated two-terminal devices exhibiting electric field-driven Ni magnetization rotation. We develop a method that can apply designed strain patterns to many other materials systems to control properties such as superconductivity, band topology, conductivity, and optical response.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(16): 6839-6848, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486483

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The mortality rate of ovarian cancer (OC) has always been the highest among all female reproductive system malignant tumors. Currently, miRNAs have been verified to participate in the tumorigenesis and prognosis of OC. However, the expression and function of miR-574-3p in OC have not been fully elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-574-3p in OC tissues and cells was detected using quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). By transfection of miR-574-3p mimics or inhibitor, the expression of miR-574-3p in SW626 or A2780 cells was up-regulated or down-regulated, respectively. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assays were used to measure the proliferation of transfected OC cells. Meanwhile, the transwell assay was applied to detect the migration and invasion abilities of OC cells. Furthermore, dual-luciferase reporter gene analysis and Western blot were utilized to explore the underlying downstream molecules for miR-574-3p in OC. RESULTS: MiR-574-3p was lowly expressed in OC tissue samples when compared with para-tumor tissues. Meanwhile, the expression of miR-574-3p in OC-derived cells was significantly lower than normal control HOSE cells. The overexpression of miR-574-3p markedly reduced the proliferation, invasion, and migration of SW626 cells. However, the inhibition of miR-574-3p remarkably accelerated the growth and metastasis of A2780 cells. MMP3 was verified as a direct target for miR-574-3p in OC. In addition, miR-574-3p could reduce the protein expression of MMP3 by binding to its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-574-3p functioned as a tumor suppressor in OC, which might be served as a potential target for the diagnosis and therapy for OC.


Asunto(s)
Movimiento Celular/genética , Proliferación Celular/genética , Genes Supresores de Tumor , Metaloproteinasa 3 de la Matriz/metabolismo , MicroARNs/genética , Neoplasias Ováricas/genética , Regiones no Traducidas 3' , Línea Celular Tumoral , Regulación hacia Abajo , Femenino , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Metaloproteinasa 3 de la Matriz/genética , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Ováricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ováricas/mortalidad , Neoplasias Ováricas/patología , Transfección , Regulación hacia Arriba
9.
QJM ; 112(10): 787-792, 2019 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250012

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in the development of colorectal neoplasia has been a matter of scientific debate with controversial findings. AIMS: This study examined the association between H. pylori infection and colorectal cancer (CRC) in a nationwide population-based Chinese cohort study. METHODS: A total of approximately 3936 individuals with newly diagnosed H. pylori infection (the H. pylori-infected cohort) and 15 744 age- and sex-matched patients with diagnoses absence of H. pylori infection (the comparison cohort) from 2000 to 2005 were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for measuring the cumulative incidence of CRC in each cohort. Cox proportional hazards models were used to compute hazard ratios (HRs) and accompanying 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the estimation of the association between H. pylori infection and CRC. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of CRC was higher in H. pylori-infected cohort than that in the comparison cohort (log-rank test, P < 0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders, H. pylori infection was associated with a significantly increased risk of CRC (adjusted HR 1.87; 95% CI 1.37-2.57). In addition, the HR of CRC appeared to increase with increasing frequency of clinical visits for H. pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that H. pylori infection was associated with an increased risk of CRC, which warrants confirmation and exploration of the underlying biologic mechanisms by future studies.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales/epidemiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/microbiología , Infecciones por Helicobacter/complicaciones , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , Factores de Riesgo , Distribución por Sexo , Taiwán/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
10.
Nat Mater ; 18(8): 840-845, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110346

RESUMEN

Large changes in the magnetization of ferromagnetic films can be electrically driven by non-180° ferroelectric domain switching in underlying substrates, but the shear components of the strains that mediate these magnetoelectric effects have not been considered so far. Here we reveal the presence of these shear strains in a polycrystalline film of Ni on a 0.68Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.32PbTiO3 substrate in the pseudo-cubic (011)pc orientation. Although vibrating sample magnetometry records giant magnetoelectric effects that are consistent with the hitherto expected 90° rotations of a global magnetic easy axis, high-resolution vector maps of magnetization (constructed from photoemission electron microscopy data, with contrast from X-ray magnetic circular dichroism) reveal that the local magnetization typically rotates through smaller angles of 62-84°. This shortfall with respect to 90° is a consequence of the shear strain associated with ferroelectric domain switching. The non-orthogonality represents both a challenge and an opportunity for the development and miniaturization of magnetoelectric devices.

11.
Transplant Proc ; 50(10): 3128-3134, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577178

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nonlinear optical microscopic (NLOM) imaging technique shows its high resolution imaging features in histocytology. The purpose of this study was to investigate NLOM imaging technique as a useful tool for a donor kidney quality assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three pretransplant kidney biopsies from adult donors were analyzed retrospectively. Each specimen was paraffin-embedded and sectioned into 2 consecutive 5-µm thick sections. One section was stained with Masson trichrome, and the other was left unstained for NLOM imaging using second harmonic generation combined with two-photon excited fluorescence (SHG/TPEF). The pretransplant kidney quality was assessed by an experienced pathologist using the Remuzzi scoring system, which characterizes renal tissue morphology into 4 aspects: tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, glomerulosclerosis, and vascular injury. The K coefficient was used to measure the consistency of the Remuzzi scores between conventional Masson trichrome stained images and SHG/TPEF images. RESULTS: NLOM imaging technology can capture high-resolution tissue images from unstained renal tissue, is easy to operate, and shortens time-consuming histological processing procedures. No significant differences (P > .05) were found between the Remuzzi scores of the SHG/TPEF images and the Masson trichrome stained images. The high κ coefficients (0.804-0.895) showed a good consistency between these 2 techniques. CONCLUSION: The NLOM technique is suitable for renal tissue imaging and could potentially be used for routine pretransplant kidney evaluation in clinical settings.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Donante , Enfermedades Renales/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedades Renales/patología , Trasplante de Riñón , Microscopía Óptica no Lineal , Adolescente , Adulto , Biopsia , Femenino , Humanos , Enfermedades Renales/cirugía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Coloración y Etiquetado , Adulto Joven
12.
Transplant Proc ; 50(10): 3873-3880, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577280

RESUMEN

Renal transplantation is currently the most effective treatment for end-stage kidney diseases, and acute allograft rejection is well treated with high dose prednisolone and immunosuppressive agents, but long-term use of immunosuppressants will be detrimental to the long-term survival of the transplanted kidney and will have many side effects on the human body. Thus, a local and alloantigen-specific immunological tolerance may be a promising approach to improving kidney transplantation. The aim of this study is to examine the therapeutic potential of transforming bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) pretreated with erythropoietin (EPO) in inducing immunosuppression in renal grafts after transplantation. The immunity suppression effects were tested, focusing on the decrease of serum creatinine and the cells' ability to regulate the expression of the cytokines associated with acute rejection. Our findings demonstrate that a transfusion of BMSCs pretreated with EPO (EPO-BMSCs) can produce an immunosuppressive effect and reduce the occurrence of acute rejection. Their reciprocal effects on the induction and function of regulatory T cells (Tregs) resulted in the balance of IFN-γ/IL-4 and improved immunosuppressive effects in local kidney grafts. Our data also suggest that the acute rejection microenvironment had a directional chemotactic effect on BMSCs, which is related to the upregulation of CXCR4, and could be further enhanced by EPO treatment. Thus, transfusion of EPO-BMSCs can induce a greater local immunosuppressive effect in renal grafts after transplantation compared with untreated BMSCs. Therefore, transplantation with EPO-BMSCs can be a novel and effective approach to lower the acute rejection ratio following transplantation.


Asunto(s)
Eritropoyetina/farmacología , Rechazo de Injerto/prevención & control , Trasplante de Riñón/métodos , Trasplante de Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/métodos , Animales , Rechazo de Injerto/inmunología , Inmunosupresores/metabolismo , Riñón/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Ratas Wistar , Trasplante Homólogo , Trasplantes/inmunología
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(5): 828-832, 2018 Oct 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30337743

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of conventional and age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value combined with 2-level Wells score for diagnosis of suspected pulmonary embolism. METHODS: In the study, 335 patients with suspected pulmonary embolism who visited Peking University People's Hospital were enrolled retrospectively, then 274 patients with age over fifty years were chosen. The 2-level Wells score was applied to evaluate the clinical probability of pulmonary embolism, the diagnostic value of traditional D-dimer cut-off value (500 µg/L) and age adjusted D-dimer cut-off value (age×10 µg/L above 50 years) combined with Wells score no greater than 4 were compared. Computed tomography pulmonary arteriography (CTPA) was considered as the gold standard for diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. RESULTS: (1) The area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) in analysis of the combination of Wells score no greater than 4 and traditional D-dimer cut-off value was 0.764 (95%CI: 0.703-0.818). On the other hand, the AUC in a ROC analysis of the combination of Wells Score no greater than 4 and age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value was 0.814 (95%CI:0.756-0.863). These two results did not differ statistically (Z=0.05, P=0.121). (2) The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and Youden index of the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism of the combination of traditional D-dimer cut-off value and 2-level Wells Score were 100%, 48.9%, 28.8%, 100%, and 0.49, respectively. Meanwhile, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and Youden index of the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism of the combination of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value and 2-level Wells Score were 97.4%, 62.3%, 35.5%, 99.1%, and 0.60, respectively. Compared with using traditional D-dimer cut-off value, using age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value could improve the diagnosis specificity (traditional D-dimer cut-off value group: 48.9%, age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value group: 62.3%) of pulmonary embolism without reducing the sensitivity (traditional D-dimer cut-off value group: 100%, age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value group: 99.1%). (3) Among the 222 patients with Wells Score no greater than 4, 90 patients were with D-dimer less than traditional cut-off value (500 µg/L), and 25 patients (account for 11.3% of all 222 patients) were with D-dimer between traditional cut-off value and age-adjusted cut-off value. CONCLUSION: The application of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off value can improve the diagnostic specificity of pulmonary embolism in patients over 50 years, without reducing the sensitivity. It can be used for ruling out suspected pulmonary embolism safely.


Asunto(s)
Productos de Degradación de Fibrina-Fibrinógeno , Embolia Pulmonar , Productos de Degradación de Fibrina-Fibrinógeno/análisis , Humanos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Embolia Pulmonar/sangre , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
14.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 119(1): 22-27, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29405726

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore the role and the underlying mechanism of miR-221 in Parkinson's Disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To perform our investigation, a PD cell model was created by using 6-OHDA. Cell viability and proliferation assays, and flow cytometry analysis were performed to detect cell viability and apoptosis. The qRT-PCR and western blotting were used for gene and protein level detection. RESULTS: We found that the expression of miRNA-221 is significantly lower in 6-OHDA treated PC12 pheochromocytoma cells compared to the normal cells. The results of further analysis indicated that miR-221 mimic significantly promoted the cell viability and proliferation of PC12 cells treated with 6-OHDA. MiR-221 mimic significantly inhibited 6-OHDA-treated PC12 cells from apoptosis. These effects were eliminated by PTEN over-expression. We also revealed that PTEN was a direct target gene of miR-221. Moreover, we found miR-221 mimic significantly promoted the phosphorylation of AKT in PC12 cells treated with 6-OHDA, and over-expression of PTEN could eliminate this effect. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-221 plays a protective role in Parkinson's Disease via regulating PC12 cell viability and apoptosis by targeting PTEN. Therefore, miR-221 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for Parkinson's disease treatment (Fig. 3, Ref. 27).


Asunto(s)
MicroARNs/genética , Fosfohidrolasa PTEN/genética , Enfermedad de Parkinson/metabolismo , Animales , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Oxidopamina/uso terapéutico , Células PC12/efectos de los fármacos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratas
15.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 41, 2018 01 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29298986

RESUMEN

Cracks in solid-state materials are typically irreversible. Here we report electrically reversible opening and closing of nanoscale cracks in an intermetallic thin film grown on a ferroelectric substrate driven by a small electric field (~0.83 kV/cm). Accordingly, a nonvolatile colossal electroresistance on-off ratio of more than 108 is measured across the cracks in the intermetallic film at room temperature. Cracks are easily formed with low-frequency voltage cycling and remain stable when the device is operated at high frequency, which offers intriguing potential for next-generation high-frequency memory applications. Moreover, endurance testing demonstrates that the opening and closing of such cracks can reach over 107 cycles under 10-µs pulses, without catastrophic failure of the film.

16.
Actas Urol Esp ; 41(3): 162-171, 2017 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27522521

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: To assess the risk factors of Gleason sum upgrading between biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP) and update the nomogram for the prediction of Gleason sum upgrading. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 237 Chinese prostate adenocarcinoma patients who underwent 10-core prostate biopsy and subsequently received RP in Huashan Hospital from February 2011 to May 2015. The main outcome of our study was Gleason sum upgrading between biopsy and RP pathology. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were conducted to explore the potential predictors, and ultimately to build the nomograms. The prediction model was further evaluated for its ability to predict significant upgrading in patients with biopsy Gleason sum<8. RESULTS: In the main cohort of all the patients, Gleason sum upgrading was observed in 62 (26.16%) patients. The pre-operative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, biopsy Gleason sum, and digital rectal examination were used in building the nomogram, which was validated internally with a bootstrap-corrected concordance index of 0.787. In the sub-cohort of 115 patients with standardized biopsy details, Gleason sum upgrading was observed in 31 (26.96%) patients. The pre-operative PSA level, biopsy Gleason sum, and number of positive cores were used in the nomogram, which was also validated internally with a bootstrap-corrected concordance index of 0.833. These two nomograms both demonstrated satisfactory statistical performance for predicting significant upgrading. CONCLUSIONS: Updated nomograms to predict Gleason sum upgrading in Chinese population between biopsy and RP were developed, demonstrating good statistical performance upon internal validation.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma/patología , Nomogramas , Próstata/patología , Prostatectomía , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Biopsia , Estudios de Cohortes , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Clasificación del Tumor , Prostatectomía/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo
17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 39(5): 362-7, 2016 May.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27180590

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the distribution characteristics of etiology and clinical feature of chronic cough in Lanzhou. METHODS: Based on the guidelines of the diagnostic process of chronic cough in China, data of medical history and physical examinations were collected, and chest X-ray, pulmonary function plus airway hyperresponsiveness, induced sputum eosinophils, sinus X-ray or CT, 24 h esophageal pH monitoring, chest high-resolution CT and bronchoscopy were performed accordingly for outpatients with chronic cough. The cause of chronic cough was identified by the test results and treatment response. The results were compared with those reported previously in other areas of China. RESULTS: A total of 173 patients with completed data were collected, including 90 males and 83 females.The causes were as follows: 45 cases (26.01%) of cough variant asthma, 35 (20.23%) upper airway cough syndrome, 20 (11.56%) allergic cough, 17 (9.83%) chronic pharyngitis, 14 (8.09%) gastroesophageal reflux, 14 (8.09%)postinfectious, 13 (7.51%) eosinophilic bronchitis, 8 (4.62%) chronic bronchitis, 4 (2.31%) cough associated with ACEI, 3 (1.73%) bronchial tuberculosis, 2 (1.16%) pulmonary fibrosis and bronchiectasis repectively. The causes of the remaining 14 patients (8.09%)were unknown. The causes of chronic cough were identified in 159 patients (91.91%), of which 141 (88.68%) with a single cause and 18(11.32%)with more than 2 etiological factors.The percentage of cough variant asthma in our series was significantly higher than that reported in Guangzhou (13.6%, χ(2)=5.60, P=0.018, P<0.05), but lower than that reported in Shenyang (39.4%, χ(2)=7.91, P=0, 004, P<0.01). The percentage of allergic cough was higher than that reported in Beijing (3.3%, χ(2)=6.66, P=0.010, P<0.05), and that of eosinophilic bronchitis was lower than those reported in Guangzhou(22.4%, χ(2)=22.38, P=0.000, P<0.01) and Shenyang (12.5%, χ(2)=8.09, P=0.005, P<0.01). The percentage of esophageal reflux cough was lower than that reported in Beijing (20.3%, χ(2)=9.40, P=0.002, P<0.01) but higher than that reported in Shenyang (1.9%, χ(2)=3.98, P=0.036, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In Lanzhou, cough variant asthma, upper airway cough syndrome, allergic cough, chronic pharyngitis and gastroesophageal reflux were the main causes of chronic cough, and the etiological distribution was different from Guangzhou, Beijing, Shenyang and other areas.


Asunto(s)
Tos/epidemiología , Tos/etiología , Asma/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Bronquitis Crónica/complicaciones , China/epidemiología , Enfermedad Crónica , Eosinófilos , Monitorización del pH Esofágico , Femenino , Reflujo Gastroesofágico/complicaciones , Humanos , Hipersensibilidad/complicaciones , Masculino , Faringitis/complicaciones , Fibrosis Pulmonar/complicaciones , Radiografía Torácica , Esputo , Tuberculosis/complicaciones
18.
Sci Rep ; 6: 21444, 2016 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26914794
20.
Sci Rep ; 5: 10459, 2015 May 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25995062

RESUMEN

Voltage controlled 180° magnetization reversal has been achieved in BiFeO3-based multiferroic heterostructures, which is promising for the future development of low-power spintronic devices. However, all existing reports involve the use of an in-plane voltage that is unfavorable for practical device applications. Here, we investigate, using phase-field simulations, the out-of-plane (i.e., perpendicular to heterostructures) voltage controlled magnetism in heterostructures consisting of CoFe nanodots and (110) BiFeO3 thin film or island. It is predicted that the in-plane component of the canted magnetic moment at the CoFe/BiFeO3 interface can be reversed repeatedly by applying a perpendicular voltage across the bottom (110) BiFeO3 thin film, which further leads to an in-plane magnetization reversal in the overlaying CoFe nanodot. The non-volatility of such perpendicular voltage controlled magnetization reversal can be achieved by etching the continuous BiFeO3 film into isolated nanoislands with the same in-plane sizes as the CoFe nanodot. The findings would provide general guidelines for future experimental and engineering efforts on developing the electric-field controlled spintronic devices with BiFeO3-based multiferroic heterostructures.

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