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1.
Opt Lett ; 47(15): 3756-3759, 2022 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913307

RESUMEN

Based on the birefringent effect of the gain medium, a diode-pumped Nd-doped vanadate laser with nearly hemispherical cavity is exploited to emulate the quantum Green functions of two-dimensional commensurate harmonic oscillators. By matching the theoretical calculations to the far-field patterns of lasing modes, the resonant transverse frequencies can be accurately determined up to extremely high orders. The Shannon entropy is further employed to calculate the spatial entanglement of the quantum Green function as a function the transverse frequency. From the resonant transverse frequencies, all lasing modes are confirmed to be in excellent agreement with the maximum entropy states. This discovery implies that the formation of lasing modes is relevant to the coupling interaction between the pump source and the laser cavity.

2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(7): 1050-1056, 2022 Jul 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35869769

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of suppressing high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on neuronal autophagy and apoptosis in rats after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats. METHODS: Rat models of ICH induced by intracerebral striatum injection of 0.2 U/mL collagenase Ⅳ were treated with 1 mg/kg anti-HMGB1 mAb or a control anti-IgG mAb injected via the tail immediately and at 6 h after the operation (n=5). The rats in the sham-operated group (with intracranial injection of 2 µL normal saline) and ICH model group (n=5) were treated with PBS in the same manner after the operation. The neurological deficits of the rats were evaluated using modified neurological severity score (mNSS). TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis of the striatal neurons, and the expressions of HMGB1, autophagy-related proteins (Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ and LC3-Ⅰ) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3) in the brain tissues surrounding the hematoma were detected using Western blotting. The expression of HMGB1 in the striatum was detected by immunohistochemistry, and serum level of HMGB1 was detected with ELISA. RESULTS: The rat models of ICH showed significantly increased mNSS (P < 0.05), which was markedly lowered after treatment with anti- HMGB1 mAb (P < 0.05). ICH caused a significant increase of apoptosis of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), enhanced the expressions of beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), lowered the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and increased the content of HMGB1 (P < 0.05). Treatment with anti-HMGB1 mAb obviously lowered the apoptosis rate of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), decreased the expressions of Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), increased the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and reduced the content of HMGB1 in ICH rats (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Down- regulation of HMGB1 by anti-HMGB1 improves neurological functions of rats after ICH possibly by inhibiting autophagy and apoptosis of the neurons.


Asunto(s)
Autofagia , Hemorragia Cerebral , Animales , Apoptosis , Proteínas Reguladoras de la Apoptosis/metabolismo , Beclina-1 , Caspasa 3/metabolismo , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Proteína X Asociada a bcl-2/metabolismo
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(22): 1635-1640, 2022 Jun 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692015

RESUMEN

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common chronic respiratory disease that seriously threatens people's health. It significantly affects the quality of life of patients and presents an overwhelming economic burden on the governmental perspectives, which makes COPD a major public health issue in China. In this paper, we propose some methods that can help to accelerate the implementation of the Healthy China Strategy and promote the change of people's attitudes towards COPD from disease-centered to health-centered. Those methods are composed of many important aspects including the concepts of"population medicine", the improvement of the national health policy for COPD, the consolidation of the original troika strategy of respiratory disciplines and the high-quality implementation of the three major national projects, aiming to inspire people to participate in the six-in-one work system of dealing with COPD encompassing the health promotion, the prevention, the diagnosis, the control, the treatment, and the rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Calidad de Vida , China , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/terapia
4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(4): 311-316, 2022 Apr 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385936

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and sexual development in Chinese children. Methods: A nationwide multicenter and population-based large cross-sectional study was conducted in 13 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China from January 2017 to December 2018. Data on sex, age, height, weight were collected, BMI was calculated and sexual characteristics were analyzed. The subjects were divided into four groups based on age, including ages 3-<6 years, 6-<10 years, 10-<15 years and 15-<18 years. Multiple Logistic regression models were used for evaluating the associations of BMI with sexual development in children. Dichotomous Logistic regression was used to compare the differences in the distribution of early and non-early puberty among normal weight, overweight and obese groups. Curves were drawn to analyze the relationship between the percentage of early puberty and BMI distribution in girls and boys at different Tanner stages. Results: A total of 208 179 healthy children (96 471 girls and 111 708 boys) were enrolled in this study. The OR values of B2, B3 and B4+ in overweight girls were 1.72 (95%CI: 1.56-1.89), 3.19 (95%CI: 2.86-3.57), 7.14 (95%CI: 6.33-8.05) and in obese girls were 2.05 (95%CI: 1.88-2.24), 4.98 (95%CI: 4.49-5.53), 11.21 (95%CI: 9.98-12.59), respectively; while the OR values of G2, G3, G4+ in overweight boys were 1.27 (95%CI: 1.17-1.38), 1.52 (95%CI: 1.36-1.70), 1.88 (95%CI: 1.66-2.14) and in obese boys were 1.27 (95%CI: 1.17-1.37), 1.59 (95%CI: 1.43-1.78), and 1.93 (95%CI: 1.70-2.18) (compared with normal weight Tanner 1 group,all P<0.01). Analysis in different age groups found that OR values of obese girls at B2 stage and boys at G2 stage were 2.02 (95%CI: 1.06-3.86) and 2.32 (95%CI:1.05-5.12) in preschool children aged 3-<6 years, respectively (both P<0.05). And in the age group of 6-10 years, overweight girls had a 5.45-fold risk and obese girls had a 12.54-fold risk of B3 stage compared to girls with normal BMI. Compared with normal weight children, the risk of early puberty was 2.67 times higher in overweight girls, 3.63 times higher in obese girls, and 1.22 times higher in overweight boys, 1.35 times higher in obese boys (all P<0.01). Among the children at each Tanner stages, the percentage of early puberty increased with the increase of BMI, from 5.7% (80/1 397), 16.1% (48/299), 13.8% (27/195) to 25.7% (198/769), 65.1% (209/321), 65.4% (157/240) in girls aged 8-<9, 10-<11 and 11-<12 years, and 6.6% (34/513), 18.7% (51/273), 21.6% (57/264) to 13.3% (96/722), 46.4% (140/302), 47.5% (105/221) in boys aged 9-<10, 12-<13 and 13-<14 years, respectively. Conclusions: BMI is positively correlated with sexual development in both Chinese boys and girls, and the correlation is stronger in girls. Obesity is a risk factor for precocious puberty in preschool children aged 3-<6 years, and 6-<10 years of age is a high risk period for early development in obese girls.


Asunto(s)
Sobrepeso , Pubertad Precoz , Adolescente , Índice de Masa Corporal , Niño , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidad/epidemiología , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Pubertad , Desarrollo Sexual
5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(3): 227-235, 2022 Mar 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325967

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of Modified Sijunzi Decoction on the diversity of intestinal microflora of in severe scald rabbits based on 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) high-throughput sequencing. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. Ninety Japanese big-ear rabbits regardless gender, aged 6 to 8 months, were randomly divided into normal control group, scald alone group, scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group, with 18 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in normal control group were free to eat and drink, and the rabbits in scald alone group, scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group were intragastrically administered normal saline, 0.2 g/mL Modified Sijunzi Decoction, 1.0 g/mL Modified Sijunzi Decoction, and 5.0 g/mL Modified Sijunzi Decoction, respectively for 7 days after sustaining full-thickness scalding of 30% total body surface area. On the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping, the levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), and IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in each group were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the number of samples in each group at each time point was 6. According to the above experimental results, another 9 rabbits were selected and divided into normal control group, scald alone group and scald+medium-dose group, with 3 rabbits in each group. The grouping and treatment methods of rabbits in each group were the same as before. On the 7th day after grouping, the V3, V4 region of 16S rRNA of ileum mucosa of rabbits in three groups were sequenced by high-throughput sequencing technology. The number of quality bacteria was counted by QIME software. The classifications of phylum, class, order, family and genus of microflora were analyzed by RDP Classifier software. The α diversity (Ace, Chao1, Simpson, and Shannon indexes) and ß diversity were analyzed by Illumina MiSeq sequencing technology, and the number of experiment samples in each group was 3. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis for variance of factorial design, SNK test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: Compared with that in normal control group, the levels of TNF-α of ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group, scald+low-dose group, and scald+high-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping and scald+medium-dose group on the 1st and 3rd day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.01), the levels of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group, scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group and scald+high-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group, scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with that in scald alone group, the levels of TNF-α in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping, and scald+medium-dose group on the 1st day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the levels of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping and scald+medium-dose group on the 1st day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+low-dose group on the 7th day after grouping and scald+medium-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping and scald+high-dose group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in scald+low-dose group, the levels of TNF-α in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in medium-dose scald alone group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping and in high-dose scald alone group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the levels of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in medium-dose scald alone group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping and in high-dose scald alone group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+medium-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping and in scald+high-dose group on the 7th day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in scald medium-dose group, the levels of TNF-α in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+high-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.01), and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+high-dose group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the levels of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+high-dose group on the 7th day after grouping was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with that on the 1st day after grouping, the levels of TNF-α in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping and in normal control group on the 3rd day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the levels of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group both on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping were significantly increased (P<0.01), and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in both scald+low-dose group and scald+high-dose group on the 7th day after grouping and scald+medium-dose group both on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the levels of TNF-α in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+high-dose group on the 3rd and 7th day after grouping and in scald+medium-dose group on the 7th day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the level of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+medium-dose group on the 7th day after grouping was significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the level of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group on the 7th day after grouping was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with that on the 3rd day after grouping, the levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in normal control group, scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group on the 7th day after grouping were all significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); and the levels of TNF-α in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald+low-dose group, scald+medium-dose group, and scald+high-dose group on the 7th day after grouping were all significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the levels of IL-1ß in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits both in scald+medium-dose group and scald+high-dose group on the 7th day after grouping were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the levels of IL-10 in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits in scald alone group on the 7th day after grouping was significantly decreased (P<0.01). On the 7th day after grouping, the high-quality sequences obtained from the microflora in ileum mucosa of rabbits in normal control group, scald alone group, and scald+medium-dose group were 96 023, 107 365, and 95 921, respectively. At the classification level of phylum, class, order, family, and genus of the microflora in ileum mucosa of rabbits in three groups were all Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, Clostridium and Bacteroidetes, Clostridium and Bacteroidetes, Rumenobacteriaceae and Clostridium and Bacteroideaceae, Clostridium and Bacteroidetes and rumen bacteria mainly, while the percentage of microflora in each group was different. There were no significant differences in Ace, Chao1, Simpson, Shannon indices (P>0.05), and no obvious difference in ß diversity of microflora in ileal mucosa tissue of rabbits among three groups. Conclusions: After severe scalding, the inflammatory response of rabbit ileal mucosa tissue is obvious and increased in a time-dependent manner. Modified Sijunzi Decoction can reduce inflammation with optimal therapeutic concentration of 1.0 g/mL. The technology of high-throughput sequencing can reflect the structural composition of the intestinal microflora accurately. The ileal microflora of the severe scald rabbit can be regulated by the administration of Modified Sijunzi Decoction.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animales , Quemaduras/terapia , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Conejos
6.
Poult Sci ; 101(4): 101712, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35123352

RESUMEN

A recent study has suggested that yeast cell wall product (YP) enhanced serum hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titers and intestinal sIgA responses in chickens immunized with Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine. In the present study, the cell-mediated immune responses elicited by NDV and YP were investigated in commercial broilers. Broilers were fed 0 or 0.1% YP and immunized with a live NDV vaccine via an intraocular-and-intranasal route at 14 and 28 days old. After that, blood samples were collected for determination of HI titer, cytokine content, and blood analysis. Eight chickens were randomly selected from each group and sacrificed. Lymphocytes were harvested from the spleens for lymphocyte proliferation and flow cytometry analysis. Total RNA was extracted from spleen and jejunum for RT-qPCR analysis. The results showed that YP significantly increased serum concentration of IL-4, IL-6, IFN-γ, TNF-ß, as well as promoted lymphocytes proliferation in broilers immunized with NDV vaccine. The enhanced cell-mediated immunity is correlated with the upregulated mRNA expression of TGF-ß, IL-6, TLR5, GATA-3, and T-bet in the spleen and upregulated mRNA expression of CCR-9, J-chain, pIgR, and TLR3 in the jejunum of chickens. It is noteworthy that no significant side effect was observed after the administration of YP. Therefore, YP could be safely used as potential immunopotentiator assisting NDV vaccine for chickens.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Newcastle , Vacunas Virales , Animales , Anticuerpos Antivirales , Pared Celular , Pollos/genética , Inmunidad Celular , Interleucina-6 , Enfermedad de Newcastle/prevención & control , Virus de la Enfermedad de Newcastle , ARN Mensajero , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Vacunas Atenuadas/farmacología
7.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(1): 10-12, 2022 Jan 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35000303

RESUMEN

Chronic cough is a common complaint, which may cause various complications involving many organ systems, including respiratory system, circulatory system, digestive system, urinary system, reproductive system, skeletal movement system, nervous system, etc. Cough and its complications are associated with an adverse impact on the work and quality of life in the huge population with chronic cough, and lead to an increased healthcare resource utilization. In this paper, we review the common complications of chronic cough by organ system classification.


Asunto(s)
Tos , Calidad de Vida , Enfermedad Crónica , Tos/epidemiología , Tos/etiología , Humanos
8.
Osteoporos Int ; 33(4): 871-879, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775528

RESUMEN

Using anteroposterior (AP) hip radiograph, we measured several indexes to investigate the association with bone mineral density (BMD) before THA and found a highly effective index to predict femoral BMD. This technique is helpful for both patients and clinicians to identify potential candidates with low BMD to whom DXA examination is particularly recommended. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to identify patients with low bone mineral density (BMD) prior to total hip arthroplasty with the help of AP hip radiographs. METHODS: Indexes on AP hip radiographs and T-scores from DXA examination of the lumbar spine and the affected hip were acquired from patients before THA. Indexes measured on AP hip radiographs including the canal calcar ratio (CCR), canal flare index (CFI), morphological cortical index (MCI), canal bone ratio (CBR), and canal bone area ratio (CBAR). The relevance between indexes and the T-score of femora was evaluated by correlation analysis, and the diagnostic value of indexes for osteopenia was examined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: A total of 81 patients were included. The average value of CBR-7, CBR-10, and CBAR (7-10) were highly related to the T-score of femora (r = - 0.592, r = - 0.634, and r = - 0.631, respectively, p < 0.0001). Results of the intra- and interobserver variation assessment was excellent. CBR-7, CBR-10, and CBAR (7-10) were significantly different between the non-osteopenia and osteopenia groups (p < 0.0001). CBR-10 had the biggest area under curve (AUC), means the great diagnostic value for osteopenia in the proximal femora (AUC = 0.821, cutoff value = 0.3805). CONCLUSION: The canal bone ratio at 10 × 10-2 m under the level of the lesser trochanter proved to be a great indicator of femoral osteopenia. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trail Registry, ChiCTR2000041016. Registered 16 December 2020-Retrospectively registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn/listbycreater.aspx .


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Enfermedades Óseas Metabólicas , Absorciometría de Fotón , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Densidad Ósea , Enfermedades Óseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Vértebras Lumbares/diagnóstico por imagen
10.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 1065-1073, 2021 Dec 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839591

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the status of height and weight of 3-18-year-old children and adolescents in urban China, and to provide a basis for establishing puberty phase specific curves for age-specific height and age-specific weight. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 218 185 children and adolescents aged 3-18 years in urban China was conducted by using the method of stratified random cluster sampling from January 2017 to December 2019. The sampling areas included 12 provinces municipalities in China and autonomous regions in total. Data were collected on weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference and secondary sexual characteristics. The generalized additive model for location, scale, and shape (GAMLSS) was employed to establish percentile reference values and growth curves of height and weight for boys and girls aged 3-18 years. Wilcoxon rank sum test was applied to compare the P50 value of height and weight between children of each Tanner stage and children of the same age ignoring the different puberty phase. Results: The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentile curves for height and weight for age were developed for boys and girls aged 3-18 years. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentile curves for age-specific height and age-specific weight for each puberty phase were developed for boys and girls. Compared with all children ignoring the different puberty phase, boys aged 9 and over and girls aged 7 and over who are at Tanner stage 1 showed shorter height and lighter weight than those of the same age group (all P<0.01), the difference ranges of height at P50 are -4.0 to -0.6 cm for boys, and -4.4 to 0.5 cm for girls; the difference ranges of weight are -4.8 to 0.4 kg for boys, and -4.0 to -0.3 kg for girls; children at Tanner stage 2 & 3 initially were taller and heavier than those of the same age group; and later grew shorter and lighter than those of the same age group, the two sets of curves cross over; boys aged 16 and under and girl aged under 14 who are at Tanner stage 4 were taller and heavier than those of the same age group (all P<0.01), the difference ranges of height at P50 are 0.2 to 10.0 cm for boys, and 0.2 to 9.4 cm for girls; the difference ranges of weight at P50 are 0.7 to 10.9 kg for boys, and 1.0 to 11.2 kg for girls, and the differences showed narrowing trend with age. Conclusion: The puberty phase specific growth curves of age-specific height and age-specific weight for boys and girls aged 3-18 years are established, it is useful for clinical work to evaluate physical development of children at different puberty phases.


Asunto(s)
Estatura , Adolescente , Índice de Masa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Niño , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(10): 1577-1582, 2021 Oct 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755675

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile single photon emission/ computed tomography (99mTc- MIBI SPECT/CT), 99mTc- MIBI double- phase scintigraphy (DPS) DPS and ultrasound (US) in preoperative localization of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and explore the factors affecting the diagnostic efficacy of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 104 patients with HPT undergoing surgical resection between January, 2015 and July, 2019. Preoperative 99mTc-MIBI imaging was performed in all the patients, and 82 patients also received US examination preoperatively. Semi-quantitative analysis was used to draw the region of interest and calculate the lesion/ ipsilateral deltoid muscle (T/NT) uptake ratio. The sensitivity and detection performance of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT, DPS and US in the diagnosis of HPT patients were compared, and the correlations of the T/NT ratios of parathyroid adenoma (PA) and parathyroid hyperplasia (PH) with the expression levels of COX-2 and Bcl-2 were analyzed. RESULTS: The diagnostic sensitivity of 99mTc- MIBI SPECT/CT, DPS and US for HPT was 95.19% (99/104), 91.3% (95/104) and 81.71% (67/82), respectively, demonstrating a significantly higher diagnostic sensitivity of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT than US (χ2=9.59, P=0.008). For PH lesions, 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT had the highest diagnostic sensitivity, followed by DPS and then by US (P < 0.05), but their sensitivity did not differ significantly for PA (P>0.05). The T/NT ratio in fatty hyperplastic glands was significantly lower than that in fat-free hyperplastic glands (P=0.009). In PA, Bcl-2 expression was significantly lower in false negative lesions than in true positive lesions (P=0.046), but Cox-2 expression did not show such a difference (P>0.05). In PH lesions, the expressions of Bcl-2 and Cox- 2 did not differ significantly between false negative than true positive lesions (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT has a high sensitivity for HPT localization, and the T/NT ratio is positively correlated with the lesion volume. An increased expression of Bcl-2 in PA lesions and a decreased cell fat content in PH lesions can facilitate the detection of HPT glands by 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT.


Asunto(s)
Hiperparatiroidismo Primario , Tecnecio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Humanos , Glándulas Paratiroides/diagnóstico por imagen , Glándulas Paratiroides/cirugía , Radiofármacos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía Computarizada de Emisión de Fotón Único , Tomografía Computarizada de Emisión de Fotón Único
12.
Opt Lett ; 46(20): 5129-5132, 2021 Oct 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653132

RESUMEN

Quantum entanglement by a beam splitter (BS) is shown to be analogous to laser mode transformation by an astigmatic mode converter (AMC). Schmidt decomposition is used to characterize the entanglement by an AMC for generating orbital angular momentum and by a BS for creating quantum photon interference. The probability distributions of Schmidt decomposition are calculated to manifest the sameness and difference between AMC and BS in generating entanglement. Finally, the theoretical patterns of mode transformations by an AMC are confirmed with experimental results to validate the present analysis.

13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 970-976, 2021 Nov 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689517

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of first-line mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with other types of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusion (VBAO). Methods: From May 2012 to December 2019, acute VBAO patients diagnosed by angiographic examinations were consecutively enrolled from Nanjing Stroke Registry. Patients were divided into first-line MT group who were treated with stent retriever and direct aspiration, and other types of EVT group who underwent intraarterial thrombolysis, tirofiban infusion, balloon dilation, and stent placement etc. Clinical characteristics at baseline with statistical trends (P<0.1) between different groups were analyzed to calculate propensity scores, which were adjusted in binary Logistic regression for the relationship between first-line treatment and clinical outcome. Results: A total of 107 patients were enrolled in this study including 82 males and 25 females with average age 62 years old (35-82). The overall recanalization rate was 82.2% (88/107). During follow-up, 33.6% (36/107) and 37.1% (39/105) patients achieved good outcome (defined as modified Rankin Scale score 0-3) at 90 days and 1 year, respectively. The MT group received EVT earlier than the other types of EVT group (median year: 2017 vs. 2015, P=0.017), as well as higher proportion of atrial fibrillation history (21.6% vs. 0, P=0.002), higher baseline National Institution of Health Stroke Scale scores (median: 26 vs. 23, P=0.049), lower Glasgow Coma Scale scores (median: 6 vs. 7, P=0.027), and longer estimated occlusion to groin-puncture time (median: 367 min vs. 283 min, P=0.023). There were significant differences in the stroke etiologies between two groups (P=0.002). The MT group had a lower ratio of rescue device treatment (28.4% vs. 54.5%, P=0.009). After propensity scores were adjusted, the recanalization rate of MT group was significantly higher than that in the other group [odds ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]):5.201, 95%CI 1.562-17.317, P=0.007]. No difference was noted regarding other clinical outcomes. Subgroup analysis indicated that recanalization rates in patients without atherosclerosis were different between intervention types [odds ratio (95%CI): 7.859, 95%CI 1.469-42.042, P=0.016], while the recanalization rates was comparable in population with atherosclerosis [odds ratio (95%CI): 3.739, 95%CI 0.613-22.812, P=0.153]. Conclusion: In acute VBAO patients, first-line MT is associated with higher recanalization rate compared with other types of EVT, especially in non-atherosclerosis patients.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Endovasculares , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Insuficiencia Vertebrobasilar , Arterias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Trombectomía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Insuficiencia Vertebrobasilar/terapia
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 177-183, 2021 Feb 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645176

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the influence and critical period of pregnancy-related anxiety during pregnancy on the neurobehavioral development of infants. Methods: The subjects of this study were derived from the Ma'anshan Birth Corhot. From May 2013 to September 2014, a total of 3 474 pregnant women who registered in Ma 'anshan Maternal and Child Health Care Center were enrolled in the study. A total of 2 242 mother-infant pairs who completed three times assessments of maternal anxiety and at least once assessment of infants' neurobehavioral development were included in the final analysis. Maternal pregnancy-related anxiety was assessed by the Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire during the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. When their children were at 6 and 18 months, their neurobehavioral development was evaluated using the Ages & Stages Questionnaire-China. The influence of maternal pregnancy-related anxiety on the neurobehavioral development of infants was analyzed by bi-nominal logistic regression. Results: The age of 2 242 pregnant women was (26.62±3.65) years, and the proportion of boys, low birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months was 50% (1 120/2 242), 1.7% (38/2 242) and 11.5% (252/2 191), respectively. The detection rates of pregnancy-related anxiety during the first, second and third trimester were 24.9% (558), 28.6% (642) and 30.3% (674), respectively. After controlling confounding variables and other two trimester's anxiety, only pregnancy-related anxiety during the third trimester (not first or second trimester) significantly increased the risk of developmental delay in the domain of communication (relative risk, RR = 3.52, 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.89-6.58) and personal-social (RR=2.46, 95%CI: 1.10-5.49) at the 6 months of age, as well as in the domain of fine motor (RR=2.07, 95%CI: 1.11-3.85), problem-solving domains (RR=2.31, 95%CI: 1.24-4.31). Conclusion: Maternal pregnancy-related anxiety was associated with the risk of neurobehavioral development of infants, and the third trimester may be the critical period.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Desarrollo Infantil , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Embarazo , Tercer Trimestre del Embarazo , Trimestres del Embarazo , Adulto Joven
15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5332, 2021 Sep 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504077

RESUMEN

In two-dimensional (2D) NbSe2 crystal, which lacks inversion symmetry, strong spin-orbit coupling aligns the spins of Cooper pairs to the orbital valleys, forming Ising Cooper pairs (ICPs). The unusual spin texture of ICPs can be further modulated by introducing magnetic exchange. Here, we report unconventional supercurrent phase in van der Waals heterostructure Josephson junctions (JJs) that couples NbSe2 ICPs across an atomically thin magnetic insulator (MI) Cr2Ge2Te6. By constructing a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), we measure the phase of the transferred Cooper pairs in the MI JJ. We demonstrate a doubly degenerate nontrivial JJ phase (ϕ), formed by momentum-conserving tunneling of ICPs across magnetic domains in the barrier. The doubly degenerate ground states in MI JJs provide a two-level quantum system that can be utilized as a new dissipationless component for superconducting quantum devices. Our work boosts the study of various superconducting states with spin-orbit coupling, opening up an avenue to designing new superconducting phase-controlled quantum electronic devices.

16.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(8): 1023-1027, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545923

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine the genetic correlates of physical frailty and sarcopenia, focusing on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and to explore the genetic overlap of frailty with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors. METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched for GWAS studies investigating the association between SNPs and objective measures of physical frailty or sarcopenia. SNPs were retained if they were associated with one of the phenotypes of interest by a p-value of 5.0x10-8 or less. RESULTS: Ten studies were included, with a total of 237 SNPs in 181 genes being associated with physical frailty or sarcopenia; as measured by handgrip strength or lean (muscle) mass. These genes were cross-referenced in the GWAS Catalog, and many of them were found to be associated with CVD or metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence from GWAS has shown that frailty is associated with common genetic polymorphisms. Many of these polymorphisms have been implicated in CVD, supporting the hypothesis of a shared pathophysiology between these entities. Future studies are eagerly anticipated to map out the mechanistic links and discover therapeutic targets and novel biomarkers for frailty.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Fragilidad , Sarcopenia , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/genética , Fragilidad/genética , Estudio de Asociación del Genoma Completo , Fuerza de la Mano , Humanos , Sarcopenia/genética
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2825-2830, 2021 Sep 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587723

RESUMEN

An expert consensus on coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) was released by the American Association for Thoracic Surgery in May 2021, which contains a vast array of perioperative recommendations. During preoperative period, a comprehensive assessment on ICM including myocardial viability and valve function by a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) approach should be performed. In terms of intraoperative period, multiple arterial conduits and on-pump CABG using cold blood cardioplegia should be considered, meanwhile, other aspects involving concomitant management of mitral valve regurgitation and arrythmia, as well as active use of mechanical cardiac assist devices (e.g., intra-aortic balloon pump) should also be achieved. Finally, a range of postoperative interventions which includes standardized MDT management in intensive care unit (ICU), continuous use of cardiac assist devices, cardiac pacing, close follow-up within 90 days and drug treatment strictly guided by the guidelines after discharge from hospital should be conducted. The above-mentioned perioperative bundled care might reduce perioperative complications and operative mortality, and thus improve the prognosis of the patients with ICM.


Asunto(s)
Cardiomiopatías , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Cirugía Torácica , Consenso , Puente de Arteria Coronaria , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estados Unidos
18.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(7): 1093-1100, 2021 Jul 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308862

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) images of cerebral blood flow perfusion using an easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS) and explore the value of SPECT and eZIS in early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 71 subjects undergoing brain perfusion SPECT examination in our department from September, 2018 to September, 2020 and identified 31 eligible subjects for this study. Among these subjects, according to the NIA-AA criteria (2011 edition), 12 were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment due to AD (MCI) and 11 with AD dementia stage (AD); 8 elderly subjects were healthy without cognitive impairment (NC). All these subjects underwent brain perfusion SPECT, and eZIS-assisted analysis was used to obtain the index values (severity, range and ratio). The differences in the severity, extent and ratio among the 3 groups were compared, and the diagnostic efficacy of single and joint analysis of the 3 indexes for early AD was analyzed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in gender, age and education level among the 3 groups (P>0.05). Compared with those in NC group, the Mini Mental State Examination Scale (MMSE) scores were significantly lowered in AD group and MCI group; the MMSE score was significantly lower in AD group than in MCI group (P < 0.05). The patients with AD had significantly greater disease severity and extent than those with MCI group; the severity, range and ratio in both AD group and MCI group were significantly higher than those of NC group, but the ratio did not differ significantly between AD group and MCI group (P>0.05). In single index analysis, severity had the highest diagnostic performance (AUC=0.911) and sensitivity (87.0%); the diagnostic performance and sensitivity of joint analysis were better than those of single analysis, and joint analysis of range and ratio showed high diagnostic performance (AUC=0.948) and sensitivity (87.0%). CONCLUSION: The analysis of brain perfusion SPECT using an eZIS program can be useful for early diagnosis of AD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Disfunción Cognitiva , Anciano , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagen , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Circulación Cerebrovascular , Disfunción Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagen , Diagnóstico Precoz , Humanos , Perfusión , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada de Emisión de Fotón Único
19.
Opt Lett ; 46(15): 3713-3716, 2021 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329263

RESUMEN

The Schmidt decomposition is exploited to study the spatial entanglement of laser transverse modes analogous to quantum Lissajous states. Based on the inverse Fourier transform, the stationary Lissajous state can be analytically derived as a coherent superposition of degenerate Hermite-Gaussian eigenmodes. With the derived stationary state, the Schmidt modes and the participation number N can be employed to evaluate the spatial localization and the quantum entanglement. The larger the participation number, the more localized is the stationary coherent state on the Lissajous figure. Moreover, the larger the participation number, the higher is the spatial entanglement.

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