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1.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714446

RESUMEN

Following economic development and increasing healthcare demand, Taiwan has not only built a universal healthcare coverage payment system in 1995, but has also developed an accountable family physician system, called the Family Practice Integrated Care Project (FPICP), to deal with the pressures of an ageing society, since 2003. The community healthcare group (CHCG)-based family physician system is not only an important milestone for the development of family medicine in Taiwan, it may also even serve as a global example for future family doctor systems. In this review, we aim to review the development of family medicine in Taiwan, the implementation and achievement of the FPICP, as well as the future prospects of system-based healthcare system. We firmly believe that only when the family physician system is well developed and put into practice with person-centered, family as a care unit, and community-oriented holistic care, can the objective of "everyone has their own family doctor" and sustainable operation of National Health Insurance be achieved.

2.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 10: 2040622319879602, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632624

RESUMEN

Background: Explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) developed for other countries are difficult to apply to a specific territory. This study aimed to update the PIM-Taiwan criteria from a qualitative review of several published PIM criteria, followed by consensus among regional experts in Taiwan. Methods: After a review of the literature, we selected four sets of published PIM criteria to construct preliminary core PIMs. The Beers criteria, Fit fOR The Aged (FORTA), and Japan criteria were used for PIMs, without consideration of chronic diseases. The Beers criteria, Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria, and Japan criteria were used for PIMs with respect to chronic diseases. We asked experts (n = 24) to rate their agreement with each statement, including in the final PIM criteria, after two rounds of modified Delphi methods. The intraclass coefficient (ICC) was used to examine the reliability of the modified Delphi method. Results: Overall, two categories of PIMs were established: 131 individual drugs and 9 drugs with combinations that should generally be avoided; and 9 chronic diseases with their corresponding PIMs that have drug-disease interactions. The ICC estimates for PIMs to be avoided generally were 0.634 and 0.557 (round 1 and 2) and those for PIMs with respect to chronic diseases were 0.866 and 0.775 (round 1 and 2) of the Delphi method, respectively. Conclusions: The 2018 version of PIM-Taiwan criteria was established and several modifications were made to keep the criteria updated and relevant. Clinicians can use them to reduce polypharmacy and PIMs among older patients.

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443267

RESUMEN

Background: The work continuity of physicians in hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) has a great impact on the quality of care and practice experiences. However, nationwide studies providing a general overview of the work continuity of HPM physicians are scarce. Methods: Data relating to inpatient HPM care provided from July 2000 to December 2013 were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Specifically, the numbers of hospitals, patients, patient hospitalization days, and physicians involving HPM in each year were calculated. The years of HPM work experience and total HPM workdays of each physician were also computed. Results: Of the 40,965,153 inpatient records during the study, 121,258 (0.3%) records were related to inpatient HPM care, with 60 participating hospitals and 604 attending physicians. The annual number of HPM physicians increased with time from 77 in 2000 to 217 in 2013. The largest percentage (38.4%) of physicians practiced HPM for only one year, while only 23 (3.8%) physicians practiced HPM in each year without interruption. Of the 217 HPM physicians in 2013, 45 (20.7%) were newcomers, 78 (36.0%) had 1-4 years of prior HPM work experience, 54 (24.9%) had 5-9 years, and 40 (18.4%) had at least 10 years. Conclusions: Among HPM physicians in Taiwan, only a small percentage exhibited long-term dedication to the field, whereas most HPM physicians had short practice periods. More strategies are needed to improve work continuity among HPM physicians.

4.
Int J Health Plann Manage ; 34(4): e1810-e1819, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436892

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Charitable donations play a major role in the provision of hospice and palliative care (HPC) services, most of which are not reimbursed by health insurance programs. A good understanding of the constitution and use of donations is thus conducive to maintaining a high-quality HPC unit. METHODS: The data sources were the publicly available balance sheet, work report, and donor lists of a foundation exclusively supporting one of the best HPC units in Taiwan in the fiscal year of 2017. The analysis included the donation amounts and frequencies by donor type (individual, corporate, and group) and the categories of expenses. RESULTS: The foundation received 3033 donations worth a total of 7.8 million New Taiwan dollars (NTD) (approximately 258 thousand US dollars) in 2017. Two-thirds of the donations were allocated to the provision of direct care services. Of the 3033 donations, only 11 (0.4%) were worth 100 000 NTD or more, while 108 (3.6%) were valued between 10 000 and 99 999 NTD, 1268 (41.8%) were valued between 1000 and 9999 NTD, and 1646 (54.2%) were worth less than 1000 NTD. Of 1051 donors, 974 (92.7%) were individuals, 378 (36.0%) donated more than once, and 106 (10.1%) donated 12 or more times in one year. CONCLUSION: HPC services in Taiwan are sponsored by lots of individuals and small donations. For sustainability of standards-based and quality HPC services, the benevolence of the public should be thus cherished and adequately responded to.

5.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(7): 546-553, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274786

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is importance to train the interprofessional collaboration (IPC) and team-efficiency (TE) of medical trainees. This prospective study evaluates whether implementation of scenario/video-created workshops in integrated IPC and TE (IIT) program provides additional benefits for IPC-TE skills of nursing trainees. METHODS: Mock simulation with two IIT scenarios was held as preintervention IPC-TE assessment. Basic and advanced workshops were arranged for teams of intervention groups for creation of discipline-specific scenario and video. Thirty-six nursing trainees were randomized into teams of five members (three nursing students, one standardized medical student, and one standardized trainees of other profession) in either intervention (scenario plus video and scenario) or control groups. After intervention, all groups received the formal simulation-based assessment using another two IIT scenario. In addition to instructors-based assessment of team' performance in mock and formal IIT simulation using interprofessional team collaboration scale (AITCS), self-assessment of attitudes and program-value score were completed by each trainee, using attitudes toward interprofessional health care teams scale (ATIHCTS) at all stages. RESULTS: Nursing trainees in intervention group gave high satisfaction score to this IIT intervention. In comparison with control group, greater increase in instructor-assessed team performance in the "partnership," "cooperation," and "shared decision making" domains of AITCS and the self-assessed "quality of care delivery" and TE domains of ATIHCTS were noted in the intervention groups. The overall improvement was greater in the scenario plus video group than those in the scenario group. Further, these improvements among nursing trainees persisted until follow-up stage at 4-weeks later. CONCLUSION: For nursing trainees, our study suggested that implementation of a scenario creation-based training resulted in additional improvement in trainee' IPC and TE behaviors and attitudes. Additionally, making video of newly created nurse-specific scenario enhances partnership and cooperation among nursing trainees and their interprofessional team members.

6.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(8): 665-671, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305349

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, numerous studies have been conducted to investigate the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, most of them focused on specific diseases or the use of particular methods. Therefore, the results of those studies were quite different and difficult to compare with those of studies from other countries. The International CAM Questionnaire (I-CAM-Q), meanwhile, is a unified tool that can provide comparable results for studies conducted worldwide. Thus, the aim of this study was to discover the proportions of people in Taiwan receiving CAM treatments from different types of health care providers by using an adapted version of I-CAM-Q (I-CAM-QT). METHODS: I-CAM-QT was developed by translating the Korean version of I-CAM-Q (I-CAM-QK) into traditional Chinese language because of the similarity of CAM usage and doctor licensing system. This study had two stages: the first was a pretest survey used to adjust the questionnaire, while the second was an internet-based survey used to collect data from the community. RESULTS: Of the 1200 survey respondents, 37% and 37.7% were prescribed or advised to use Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) by Western medicine (WM) physicians and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) doctors, respectively. Other than CHM, dietary supplements and massage were the forms of CAM most commonly prescribed or recommended by WM physicians or TCM doctors. Overall, walking and relaxation techniques were the most commonly used self-help practices (used by 61.9% and 40.4% of the respondents, respectively). Additionally, 70.3% of the respondents had used at least one kind of dietary supplement in the past 12 months. CONCLUSION: Regarding the utilization of CAM in Taiwan, this internet-based survey revealed that CHM, dietary supplements, and massage were the types of CAM most commonly prescribed or recommended by WM physicians or TCM doctors.

7.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 15(12): 2865-2872, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216205

RESUMEN

In two pivotal efficacy studies (ZOE-50; ZOE-70), the adjuvanted recombinant zoster vaccine (RZV) demonstrated >90% efficacy against herpes zoster (HZ).Adults aged ≥50 or ≥70 years (ZOE-50 [NCT01165177]; ZOE-70 [NCT01165229]) were randomized to receive 2 doses of RZV or placebo 2 months apart. Vaccine efficacy and safety were evaluated post-hoc in the pooled (ZOE-50/70) population according to the number and type of selected medical conditions present at enrollment.At enrollment, 82.3% of RZV and 82.7% of placebo recipients reported ≥1 of the 15 selected medical conditions. Efficacy against HZ ranged from 84.5% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 46.4-97.1) in participants with respiratory disorders to 97.0% (95%CI: 82.3-99.9) in those with coronary heart disease. Moreover, efficacy remained >90% irrespective of the number of selected medical conditions reported by a participant.As indicated by the similarity of the point estimates, this post-hoc analysis suggests that RZV efficacy remains high in all selected medical conditions, as well as with increasing number of medical conditions. No safety concern was identified by the type or number of medical conditions present at enrollment.

8.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(5): 407-412, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058714

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: For patient safety, this study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of additional objective structured clinical examination (OSCE)-based medical simulation courses to establish the "emergency-stabilization" subcompetency of postgraduate first year (PGY-1) residents. METHODS: In the simulation course, trainees were randomly divided into three groups: intervention, regular, and control group as Trios-OSCE trainees, Single-OSCE trainees, or OSCE observers (feedback-givers) after attending the pre-OSCE common simulation workshop. Three PGY-1 residents rotated through the Trios OSCE long-station together, while single PGY-1 residents rotated through regular OSCE alone and the control group gave feedback after observation of their peers' OSCE performance. Using Queen's simulation assessment tool, either in Trios-OSCE or Single-OSCE, performance levels were rated as either inferior, novice, competent, advanced or superior in the "therapeutic actions" and "communication" domains. The "overall performances" of all trainees were graded by qualified assessors, experienced facilitators, and standardized senior nurse. RESULTS: The proportion of "overall performance" of trainee's, rated by an experienced facilitator as "above competent level," was significantly higher in intervention group A than in regular group B. After training, the degree of increase in self-efficacy scores was higher among the intervention group than the regular and control groups. In the follow-up stage, a trend of increasing self-efficacy scores was noted in both the interventional and regular groups. For all trainees among the three groups, high postcourse value scores confirm that the new Trios-OSCE model meets the needs of trainees and also motivates the self-directed learning and self-reflection of trainees. CONCLUSION: Our results provide initial evidence that the new emergency-stabilization-enhanced Trios-OSCE-based medical simulation course including the additional training capacity offered by adding an observer group had positive effects on PGY-1 residents' self-efficacy and clinical transfer.

9.
Inquiry ; 56: 46958019834830, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947595

RESUMEN

Family physicians serve as personal doctors for individuals and their families and also act as gatekeepers of the health care system. If no special status is accorded to family physicians, however, then the rates at which health care recipients utilize their service might be affected. In the present cross-sectional study, representative claims data sets for 2010 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance program, a health care system in which beneficiaries are not required to register with a family physician, were used to investigate the provision of health care to the population by family physicians. Among 919 206 beneficiaries with a total of 13 713 199 ambulatory visits, 49.1% had visited family physicians, 34.1% had visited internists, 24.3% had visited pediatricians, and 38.9% had visited otolaryngologists. Women (χ2(1) = 538, P < .001) and patients aged 65 and above (χ2(1) = 16 000, P < .001) had a higher proportion of visiting family physicians rather than visiting other specialties. The onion-shaped population pyramid with family medicine visits was compatible with the general population, and the proportion of visiting family physicians increased with increasing age. Among 112 289 patients with essential hypertension, 63 379 patients with diabetes mellitus, and 80 090 patients with hyperlipidemia, only 35.3%, 32.0%, and 31.1%, respectively, had visited family physicians. The age and sex distributions of these patients were illustrated with population pyramids for data visualization and direct comparisons. Taken together, the results of this study indicate that the utilization of family physicians in Taiwan and the effectiveness of their associated role in chronic disease management still have room for improvement.


Asunto(s)
Atención Ambulatoria , Medicina , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Médicos de Familia/provisión & distribución , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Niño , Preescolar , Enfermedad Crónica/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Taiwán , Adulto Joven
10.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 2019 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31021884

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is importance to train the inter-professional collaboration (IPC) and team-efficiency (TE) of medical trainees. This prospective study evaluate whether implementation of scenario/video-created workshops in integrated IPC and TE (IIT) program provides additional benefits for IPC-TE skills of nursing trainees. METHODS: Mock simulation with two IIT scenarios was held as pre-intervention IPC-TE assessment. Basic and advanced workshops were arranged for teams of intervention groups for creation of discipline-specific scenario and video. 36 nursing trainees were randomized into teams of 5 members (3 nursing students, 1 standardized medical student, and 1 standardized trainees of other profession) in either intervention (scenario plus video and scenario) or control groups. After intervention, all groups received the formal simulation-based assessment using another two IIT scenario. In addition to instructors-based assessment of team' performance in mock and formal IIT simulation using inter-professional team collaboration scale (AITCS), self-assessment of attitudes and program-value score were completed by each trainee using attitudes toward inter-professional health care teams scale (ATIHCTS) at all stages. RESULTS: Nursing trainees in intervention group gave high satisfaction score to this IIT intervention. In comparison with control group, greater increase in instructor-assessed team performance in the "partnership", "cooperation", and "shared decision making" domains of AITCS and the self-assessed "quality of care delivery" and "team-efficiency" domains of ATIHCTS were noted in the intervention groups. The overall improvement was greater in scenario plus video group than those in scenario group. Further, these improvements among nursing trainees were persisted until follow-up stage at 4-week later. CONCLUSION: For nursing trainees, our study suggested that implementation of a scenario creation-based training resulted in additional improvement in trainee' IPC and TE behaviors and attitudes. Additionally, making video of newly created nurse-specific scenario enhances partnership and cooperation among nursing trainees and their inter-professional team members.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

11.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(5): 428-435, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896581

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Since Taiwan's national health insurance system provides residents with easy and affordable access to clinical acupuncture treatment, this study sought to analyze trends in the publication of acupuncture-related research in Taiwan from 1988 to 2017, using a bibliometric method. METHODS: Data on the scholarly literature from 1988 to 2017 were retrieved through Web of Science searches for the keywords acupunct*, acupoint*, electroacupunct*, electro-acupunct*, acupre*, auricular acupunc*, and auricular needle* in study titles. RESULTS: A total of 539 acupuncture-related articles published from 1988 to 2017 were identified and analyzed. The articles had an h-index of 38 and were cited in subsequent studies 7250 times, meaning that Taiwan ranked sixth in the production of such publications among countries/regions globally. Among those articles, 99 (18.4%) had no subsequent citations, six (1.1%) were highly cited (over 100 citations), and 141 (26.1%) were cited 4 to 10 times. The highly cited articles discussed the possible pathways of acupuncture stimulation and efficacy, and received 1103 (15.2%) of the citations. CONCLUSION: The China Medical University in Taichung, Taiwan, was the most active educational institution in Taiwan in terms of acupuncture-related research. Professor Lin Jaung-Geng was the leading acupuncture-related researcher, having the most publications, citations, and the highest h-index value. These results provided a context for analyzing the strengths of the existing research and informing prospective strategies for further studies.

12.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(3): 169-171, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30908410

RESUMEN

One of the ten recommendations of the commission on education of health professionals for the twenty-first century is the "promotion of interprofessional education that breaks down professional silos while enhancing collaborative relationships in effective teams." Continuously, the increasing prevalence of patients with complex chronic health issues challenges the staff's training strategy of healthcare institution. To ensure patient safety, the collaborative involvement of a team of health professional is necessary to delivery care to patients with complex health conditions and social disadvantage. Integrated interprofessional collaboration and team efficiency (IIT) is a competency that can optimize the multiple professional skills to provide well-coordinated, high-quality, and patient-centered care. IIT-based training is a way to improve team-based care through positive shared learning activities in a nonthreatening environment to respond to patient's needs. The describe, analysis, application (DAA) diamond is a debriefing method that provides different health professionals with valuable learning experiences through communication. Using advocacy-inquiry approach, DAA-based IIT simulation offers an effective platform for training IIT. Including all disciplines in the DAA-based IIT simulation process reinforces the unique role/contribution of each team member and provides a mechanism for the team to talk together for system improvements. Actually, good clinical care requires practitioner's ability to effectively resolve stress and conflict, improve job satisfaction/wellbeing, and enhance quality and safety of patient care. In our institution, regular DAA-based IIT simulation courses were held at various divisions and had been proved to improve the safety and quality of healthcare.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708949

RESUMEN

Local health centers (LHCs) play a key role in public health. Because it has now become popular to seek health information on the Internet, an effective website is indispensable to an LHC. Our study aimed to survey the official websites of LHCs in Taiwan with an evaluation framework. All 369 LHCs in Taiwan were surveyed in March 2018. The evaluation indicators included health information, online interactive services, technical features, institutional information, links to external resources, website management, the last updated time, and number of visitors. The indicators were stratified by the urbanization levels of the LHCs. In total, 98.0% (n = 360) of the LHCs had official websites. The majority (n = 241) of the websites were updated within the past 30 days, and most of the websites (n = 353) provided health information. However, the information provided varied considerably. Few LHCs (n = 31) provided online interactive services in terms of an online appointment function. In terms of providing online consultation services, rural LHCs outperformed suburban and urban LHCs (16.4% versus 14.5% and 6.0%, respectively). Most LHCs in Taiwan do not seem to take full advantage of the Internet, with their websites typically serving as static bulletin boards instead of new channels of communication. Further studies could focus on the effectiveness of these websites.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Comunitaria/métodos , Portales del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Administración en Salud Pública/métodos , Citas y Horarios , Comunicación , Servicios de Salud Comunitaria/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Internet/estadística & datos numéricos , Administración en Salud Pública/estadística & datos numéricos , Derivación y Consulta , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Taiwán
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634467

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In the Internet era, many web-based appointment systems for hospitals have been established to replace traditional systems. Our study aimed to highlight the features of online appointment systems for hospitals in Taiwan, where patients can visit outpatient departments without a referral. METHODS: All hospitals online appointment systems were surveyed in October 2018. Features of first-visit registrations were analyzed and stratified according to the hospitals' accreditation levels. RESULTS: Of the 417 hospitals, 59.7% (249) had public online appointment systems. For first-visit patients, only 199 hospitals offered the option of making appointments online from 7 to 98 (mean 38.9) days prior to the appointment itself. Before appointments, 68 (34.2%) hospitals recommended specialties for patients to choose according to their symptoms, and only 11 (5.5%) had a function for sending messages to doctors. After appointments, 176 (88.4%) provided links to real-time monitoring of outpatient service progress. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the hospitals in Taiwan have public online appointment systems. However, most of these systems simply fulfill the function of registration, and rarely take the opportunity to improve efficiency by gathering information regarding patients' medical history or reasons for making the appointment.


Asunto(s)
Citas y Horarios , Administración Hospitalaria/métodos , Sistemas en Línea/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Atención Ambulatoria/métodos , Femenino , Investigación sobre Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Taiwán
15.
Int J Health Plann Manage ; 34(1): e464-e473, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30238506

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In a world with increasing urbanization, rural-urban disparities in health care utilization have been a long-term concern. However, the details regarding the practice patterns of family physicians in Taiwan have not received sufficient attention thus far. METHODS: The National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan offered 0.2% of the total ambulatory visit records for Taiwan in 2013. Records from community clinics of family medicine were collected, with the clinics categorized as rural, suburban, or urban area clinics according to their locations. RESULTS: Among 100 334 visits to family medicine clinics, the median patient age was 50 years for urban clinics, 51 for suburban clinics, and 58 for rural clinics. The distributions of patient ages differed in the three areas (P < 0.001). Four types of chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and cancers) accounted for 10.8%, 11.3%, and 13.6%, of the visits to urban, suburban, and rural clinics, respectively. The most common procedure was wound treatment, and the pattern of the top 10 procedures was similar in the three areas. CONCLUSION: Although rural patients in Taiwan were older and had more chronic diseases than urban and suburban patients, the pattern of procedures undertaken by rural family physicians did not differ from those of urban and suburban family physicians.


Asunto(s)
Médicos de Familia , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Servicios de Salud Rural , Servicios Urbanos de Salud , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Taiwán
16.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208569, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30589852

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The growing popularity of traditional medicine (TM) is reflected in the increasing trend for its use worldwide. Many people are turning to use TM as a complementary or integrative treatment. The aim of this study is to present the first nationwide report describing the use of TM in two countries (South Korea and Taiwan). MATERIALS AND METHODS: To present the TM utilization patterns between South Korea and Taiwan, we analyzed data from the National Health Insurance cohorts in each country, each of which has approximately one million inhabitants. RESULTS: In total, 261,478 (25.5%) of 1,025,340 people in South Korea and 260,529 (26.8%) of 970,866 people in Taiwan used TM services at least once under the National Health Insurance in 2011. Using multivariable logistic regression, TM users in South Korea were significantly more likely to be female, 61-80 years of age and individuals with a high income, and those in Taiwan were significantly more likely to be female, 21-40 years of age and individuals with a middle income. The two countries showed similar utilization patterns in visit seasons. People visited TM clinics more frequently than TM hospitals in both countries. The most common TM treatment in South Korea was acupuncture, whereas in Taiwan, various powdered Chinese herbal preparations were the most commonly used treatment. The most common diseases for people seeking TM services were musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases in South Korea and Symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions in Taiwan. CONCLUSION: According to the National Health Insurance database, about one fourth of the NHI beneficiaries of South Korea and Taiwan had TM use in 2011. Different TM utilization patterns existed between South Korea and Taiwan, which might be due to the differences in insurance coverage between the two countries.


Asunto(s)
Bases de Datos Factuales , Medicina Tradicional/estadística & datos numéricos , Terapia por Acupuntura , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Femenino , Humanos , Renta , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Programas Nacionales de Salud , República de Corea , Estaciones del Año , Taiwán , Adulto Joven
17.
Ther Adv Drug Saf ; 9(12): 699-709, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30546864

RESUMEN

Background: PIM-Taiwan criteria were first established in 2010 for potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). Currently, updating of PIM criteria is mandatory because of newly established evidence and newly developed medications. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of PIM based on country-specific PIM criteria and factors associated with PIM use by applying 2010 version and newly updating PIM-Taiwan criteria in a cohort with polypharmacy. Methods: The baseline data of Medication Safety Review Clinic Taiwan (MSRC-Taiwan) study were used to investigate the prevalence of PIMs. Older patients (aged ⩾65 years) who were either having polypharmacy or visited ⩾3 different physicians were enrolled between August and October 2007. Bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate the factors associated with PIM use. Results: The prevalence of having at least one PIM was 46.1% for 2010 version and increased to 74.6% for 2018 version. The average number of PIMs generally to be avoided per patient also increased for 2018 version (0.2 versus 1.2, p < 0.0001). In contrast, the average number of PIMs considering chronic conditions per patient decreased (0.6 versus 0.3, p < 0.001). The associated chronic conditions of PIM users were distinct between 2010 and 2018 version. The major leading PIMs were benzodiazepines (BZDs) in both versions of criteria. Conclusions: As there were significant differences in medication lists between PIM-Taiwan version 2010 and 2018, the prevalence of PIM and factors associated with PIM users varied accordingly. Physicians should pay special attention before prescribing BZDs which keep being the major leading PIM.

18.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 81(11): 964-969, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177489

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: General medicine practices in England are required to provide services from 8am to 8pm on weekdays and to also open on Saturdays and Sundays. Internationally, however, the literature regarding the temporal availability of primary health care on national levels is scarce. METHODS: To provide such information regarding Taiwan, in this study, all family medicine clinics within Taiwan's National Health Insurance system were stratified by urbanization level, and the opening hours of the clinics were then analyzed. The opening hours of the clinics were downloaded and the data were extracted cross-sectionally in July 2015. For each clinic, the number of open sessions (in terms of morning, afternoon, and evening sessions) per week was calculated. For each urbanization level, the opening ratios for out-of-hours services and for seven-day services were also analyzed. RESULTS: Among 1621 family medicine clinics, 835 were located in urban areas, 563 were suburban, and 223 were rural. The average numbers of open sessions per week among urban and suburban clinics were higher than among rural clinic (15.7 ± 3.7 and 15.8 ± 3.7 vs. 14.4 ± 4.0). Urban and suburban clinics also had higher opening ratios on weekday evenings and on weekends than rural clinics. Only 53 (3.3%) of all the clinics (29 urban clinics, 18 suburban clinics, and 7 rural clinics) remained open for all 21 sessions of a week. CONCLUSION: The great majority of family medicine clinics in Taiwan voluntarily offered out-of-hours services, but only a small minority remained open in all 21 sessions of a week.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Taiwán
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11727, 2018 08 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082816

RESUMEN

Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) was associated with adverse clinical outcomes and higher healthcare resource utilization among older patients. In order to investigate the prevalence of PIM use based on three different sets of criteria and their associated factors among older patients in the emergency department (ED) in Taiwan. The National Health Insurance Research Database was used for this cross-sectional study. Older patients who visited the ED at least once in 2009 were enrolled. PIMs were identified based on the Beers Criteria, PIM-Taiwan criteria, and PRISCUS criteria. Average patient age was 76.7 ± 7.4 years and patients visited the ED 1.8 ± 2.1 times in 2009. The prevalence and frequency of being prescribed at least one PIM at each visit were high according to all three sets of criteria. Performance of the PIM-Taiwan criteria was only inferior to that of the Beers Criteria. The most important factor associated with PIM was the number of medications prescribed in the ED, and PIM use was associated with higher annual health resource utilization in the ED. PIM use was a significant issue and was associated with higher annual emergency care resource utilization in the ED.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Prescripción Inadecuada/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios Transversales , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropiados/estadística & datos numéricos , Taiwán
20.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 81(10): 884-891, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30017812

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify genotypic and phenotypic cardiovascular metabolic risk factors, and to establish risk models of diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney dysfunction and psychiatric disorders, in Taiwanese adults. METHODS: In 2009, a community-based cohort study was initiated in the Shipai area of the Shilin and Beitou districts in Taipei. Residents were randomly sampled by age (young adults: 35-44 years and middle-aged adults: 45-55 years) and urbanization (rural and urban). Residents who agreed to participate were scheduled to receive examinations (physical and blood) and answer questionnaires. A ten-year follow-up is anticipated. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined based on the Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, and individuals with only one or two of the five MetS components was identified for prevention target. RESULTS: The response rate of the 9000 invited residents was 10.1%. After screening, 906 participants were enrolled. While 31.0% (281) had no MetS components, 29.1% (264) had only one, and 22.0% (199) had two. MetS with at least three components was diagnosed in 17.9% (162) of the cohort. Concerning gender difference, 25.4% of men and 13.2% of women had MetS (p < 0.001). The percentage of MetS was higher in middle-aged participants than in young adults (20.5% versus 13.4%, p = 0.008). Forty-six percent of participants had central obesity. After adjusting for gender, age, and urbanization, the central obesity odds ratio for MetS was 23.7, with a 95% confidence internal of 13.1-42.7. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results revealed a high MetS percentage among young and middle-aged adults in Taiwan, with central obesity being a particularly urgent prevention target. The research design and operational protocol of this cohort study may stimulate more research in the future.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , Síndrome Metabólico/etiología , Proyectos de Investigación , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo
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