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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 16(1): 298, 2016 Nov 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27876043

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the adoption of the English language in medical education, a gap in clinical communication may develop in countries where the native language is different from the language of medical education. This study investigates the association between medical education in a foreign language and students' confidence in their history-taking skills in their native language. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of a 17-question survey among medical students in clinical clerkships of Lebanese medical schools. The relationship between the language of medical education and confidence in conducting a medical history in Arabic (the native language) was evaluated (n = 457). RESULTS: The majority (88.5%) of students whose native language was Arabic were confident they could conduct a medical history in Arabic. Among participants enrolled in the first clinical year, high confidence in Arabic history-taking was independently associated with Arabic being the native language and with conducting medical history in Arabic either in the pre-clinical years or during extracurricular activities. Among students in their second clinical year, however, these factors were not associated with confidence levels. CONCLUSIONS: Despite having their medical education in a foreign language, the majority of students in Lebanese medical schools are confident in conducting a medical history in their native language.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Anamnesis , Multilingüismo , Estudiantes de Medicina , Prácticas Clínicas , Comprensión , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Facultades de Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Mundo Occidental
2.
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol ; 4(10): 802-7, 2014 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25224283

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: High-dose pollen sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is indicated in patients with moderate to severe allergic rhinitis (AR), especially those who are unable to control their disease with pharmacotherapy. We explore the use of high-dose SLIT in patients with severe AR and sensitized to pollen, in real-life clinical practice. We also analyzed the effect on asthma. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted at the Allergy outpatient clinic at Hotel Dieu de France Hospital (HDF), Beirut, Lebanon. The cohort, composed of 118 patients between 7 and 55 years old, was regularly evaluated at inclusion, at 12 months, and at 36 months. Fifty-five percent of AR patients had associated controlled asthma. Patients received a standardized pollen extract (Staloral 300IR). The pollen combination was 1 to 3 pollens, the most commonly used were Parietaria judaica, Cupressaceae, 5 grasses, and Oleaceae. In a previous study, those were the main allergenic pollens correlated to AR in the same population. Global assessment of the effect of SLIT was measured using a rhinitis total symptom score (RTSS), a rhinitis medication consumption score (RMCS), a global asthma score (ASS), and an asthma medication consumption score (AMCS). RESULTS: Using a t test we found that the average scores at inclusion, 12 months, and 36 months, respectively, were as follows: RTSS: 31.32, 16.39 (p < 0.041), and 13.35 (p < 0.041); RMCS: 6.96, 1.96 (p < 0.0162), and 1.61 (p < 0.0162); ASS: 4.62, 1.96 (p < 0.0005), and 1.33 (p < 0.0005); and AMCS: 2.35, 0.78 (p < 0.0005), and 0.7 (p < 0.0005). CONCLUSION: Our study showed favorable results of SLIT to aeroallergens in patients with uncontrolled AR. The effect is also applicable to the subgroup of patients suffering from concomitant, controlled asthma.


Asunto(s)
Alérgenos/efectos adversos , Desensibilización Inmunológica/métodos , Polen/efectos adversos , Rinitis Alérgica/terapia , Inmunoterapia Sublingual/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Rinitis Alérgica/etiología , Inmunoterapia Sublingual/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
3.
J Med Liban ; 60(2): 88-90, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22919863

RESUMEN

GOAL: Idiopathic chronic urticaria may be associated to other auto-immune diseases, in particular thyroiditis. The goal of our study is to show that this association is higher than the incidence of auto-immune thyroiditis in the general population. METHODS: It is a retrospective observational study including 90 patients with chronic urticaria. We calculated the proportion of patients having associated auto-immune thyroiditis based on a level of anti-TPO >220 mUI/ml. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 36.7 years with a sex ratio F/H of 2.9/1. The anti-TPO antibodies were positive in 16 patients (17.7%). Eight were euthyroid, seven had hypothyroidism and one had hyperthyroidism with positive anti-TSH receptor antibodies. The percentage of anti-TPO antibodies in the chronic urticaria patients was higher than the control group (17.7 vs. 8.7; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This significant association between chronic urticaria and autoimmune thyroiditis may change the medical practice in Lebanon by including anti-TPO and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies in the workup of patients with chronic urticaria.


Asunto(s)
Tiroiditis Autoinmune/complicaciones , Urticaria/complicaciones , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Autoanticuerpos/sangre , Enfermedad Crónica , Femenino , Humanos , Yoduro Peroxidasa/inmunología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
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