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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431172

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: In spite of a digital workflow playing an important role in the intraoral prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with head and neck cancer, information about how it has been implemented and its clinical implications is sparse. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the use of a digital workflow in the intraoral prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with head and neck cancer by analyzing the frequency and type of the digital procedures used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. The following terms were applied for the search conducted in the MEDLINE-PubMed, Cochrane, and SciELO databases: (prosthesis OR dental OR rehabilitation) AND (digital OR CAD-CAM OR intraoral scanner) AND (Cancer OR head neck). Articles that specified data on intraoral prosthetic treatment and analyzed the use of a digital workflow in the different prosthetic phases such as digital scanning and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) in patients with head and neck cancer were included. Data from the frequency and type of digital procedures were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirteen articles were included, and all had incorporated CAD-CAM techniques in at least 1 of the prosthetic treatment stages (scanning, design, and/or fabrication). Only 1 patient was rehabilitated by using a completely digital workflow. The most frequent prosthetic treatment was an obturator (82.6%). Regarding the image capture method, the most used method was cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) (60.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Most reports described the partial use of a digital workflow in the intraoral prosthetic rehabilitation of patients treated for head and neck cancer. A digital workflow is used for specific stages but not for the entire process. More studies are needed to evaluate digital systems, ideally comparing parameters with the conventional method, and to determine whether this technique has more relevant clinical implications.

2.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(23)2020 Nov 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255825

RESUMEN

Guided bone regeneration techniques are increasingly used to enable the subsequent placement of dental implants. This systematic review aims to analyze the success rate of these techniques in terms of bone gain and complications rate using titanium membranes as a barrier element. Electronic and hand searches were conducted in PubMed/Medline, Scielo, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases for case reports, case series, cohort studies and clinical trials in humans published up to and including 19 September 2020. Thirteen articles were included in the qualitative analysis. Bone gain both horizontally and vertically was comparable to that obtained with other types of membranes more commonly used. The postoperative complication rate was higher that of native collagen membranes and non-resorbable titanium-reinforced membranes, and similar that of crosslinked collagen membranes and titanium meshes. The survival rate of the implants was similar to that of implants placed in native bone. Due to the limited scientific literature published on this issue, more randomized clinical trials comparing occlusive titanium barriers and other types of membranes are necessary to reach more valid conclusions.

3.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(10): e964-e971, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154799

RESUMEN

Background: The objective of this study was to analyze the possible relationship between the glycemic control and the prevalence of apical periodontitis in type 2 diabetic patients. The null hypothesis was that apical periodontitis is not associated with glycemic control. Material and Methods: In a cross-sectional design, the radiographic records of 216 type 2 diabetic patients (65.0 ± 10.7 years), 117 men (54.2%) and women (45.8%), were examined. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was used to assess glycemic control, considering an HbA1c level < 6.5% as well-controlled diabetes. Apical periodontitis was diagnosed as radiolucent periapical lesions using the periapical index score. The Student t test, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis were used in the statistical analysis. Results: The average HbA1c value was 7.0 ± 2.2%. Forty seven (21.8%) had HbA1c levels under 6.5% (mean ± SD = 6.0 ± 2.2%), being considered well-controlled patients, and 169 (78.2%) had an HbA1c level ≥ 6.5% (mean ± SD = 7.8 ± 2.24%), being considered poor controlled patients. Forty four per cent of diabetics had apical periodontitis, 12.5% had root-filled teeth, and 52.3% had root filled teeth with radiolucent periapical lesions. No significant differences were observed in any of these three variables between patients with good or poor glycemic control. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis the presence of radiolucent periapical lesions in at least one tooth did not correlate significantly with HbA1c levels (OR = 1.4; 95% C.I. = 0.70 - 3.09; p = 0.31). Conclusions: The results reveal no association of glycemic control with the prevalence of apical periodontitis or root canal treatment in diabetic patients. Key words:Apical periodontitis, diabetes mellitus, endodontic medicine, glycated haemoglobin.

4.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 650-656, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237237

RESUMEN

Patients with a history of cancer are increasingly common in the dental office. Treating cancer patients requires a multidisciplinary team, which should include the dentist, in order to control the complications that occur in the oral cavity and also to recover the patient undergoing treatment in any of its types: surgical, medical, radiotherapeutic, or its possible combinations. Dental implants can be a safe and predictable treatment option for prosthetic rehabilitation. The aim of this paper is to describe in retrospect the success rate of osseointegrated implants in oncology and non-oncology patients placed by the Master of Dentistry in Oncology and Immunocompromised Patients, as well as the Master of Medicine, Surgery and Oral Implantology of the University of Barcelona Dental Hospital, between July 2011 and March 2016. 466 patients were reviewed, with a total of 1405 implants placed, considering the oncological history of the patients and the implant success rate. The total success rate in the concerned period was 96.65%. When comparing cancer patients with healthy ones, the success rate has been 93.02% in the first case, and 97.16% in the latter. According to the literature review, our results encourage implant placement in cancer patients, it is important to recognize that this is an analysis of a complex care pathway with a large number of confounding variables. However, the findings should not be considered as generalizable.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Neoplasias , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 650-656, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1132343

RESUMEN

Abstract Patients with a history of cancer are increasingly common in the dental office. Treating cancer patients requires a multidisciplinary team, which should include the dentist, in order to control the complications that occur in the oral cavity and also to recover the patient undergoing treatment in any of its types: surgical, medical, radiotherapeutic, or its possible combinations. Dental implants can be a safe and predictable treatment option for prosthetic rehabilitation. The aim of this paper is to describe in retrospect the success rate of osseointegrated implants in oncology and non-oncology patients placed by the Master of Dentistry in Oncology and Immunocompromised Patients, as well as the Master of Medicine, Surgery and Oral Implantology of the University of Barcelona Dental Hospital, between July 2011 and March 2016. 466 patients were reviewed, with a total of 1405 implants placed, considering the oncological history of the patients and the implant success rate. The total success rate in the concerned period was 96.65%. When comparing cancer patients with healthy ones, the success rate has been 93.02% in the first case, and 97.16% in the latter. According to the literature review, our results encourage implant placement in cancer patients, it is important to recognize that this is an analysis of a complex care pathway with a large number of confounding variables. However, the findings should not be considered as generalizable.


Resumo Pacientes com histórico de câncer são cada vez mais comuns no consultório odontológico. O tratamento de pacientes com câncer requer uma equipe multidisciplinar, que deve incluir o dentista, a fim de controlar as complicações que ocorrem na cavidade oral e também para tratar o paciente com qualquer uma das modalidades de tratamento: cirúrgica, médica, radioterápica ou suas possíveis combinações. Os implantes dentários podem ser uma opção de tratamento segura e previsível para reabilitação protética. O objetivo deste artigo é propor um estudo retrospectivo sobre a taxa de sucesso de implantes osseointegrados em pacientes oncológicos e não oncológicos atendidos no Mestrado em Odontologia em Pacientes Oncológicos e Imunodeprimidos, bem como no Mestrado em Medicina, Cirurgia e Implantodontia Oral do Hospital Odontológico da Universidade de Barcelona, entre julho de 2011 e março de 2016. Foram revisados 466 pacientes, com um total de 1405 implantes instalados, considerando o histórico oncológico dos pacientes e a taxa de sucesso do implante. Resultados: A taxa de sucesso total no período em questão foi de 96,65%. Na comparação entre pacientes com câncer e saudáveis, a taxa de sucesso foi de 93,02% no primeiro caso e 97,16% no segundo. Conclusão: De acordo com a revisão da literatura, nossos resultados encorajam a colocação de implantes em pacientes com câncer, é importante reconhecer que esta é uma análise complexa que requer cuidado devido ao grande número de variáveis. No entanto, os resultados não devem ser considerados de forma generalizada.

6.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Oct 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020413

RESUMEN

AIM: Both apical periodontitis (AP) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD), the main cause of cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AP and the oral inflammatory burden in control subjects and patients suffering cardiovascular events, analyzing the possible association between AP and the oral inflammatory burden with MetS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 83 patients suffering a cardiovascular event were recruited in the study group (SG), and 48 patients without cardiovascular events were included in the control group (CG). Periapical index (PAI) was used to diagnose AP, and total dental index (TDI) was used to assess the total oral inflammatory burden. Diagnosis of MetS was made by meeting three or more American Heart Association Scientific Statement components. RESULTS: In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the number of teeth with AP (OR = 2.3; 95% C.I. = 1.3-4.3; p = 0.006) and TDI scores (OR = 1.5; 95% C.I. = 1.2-1.9; p = 0.001), significantly correlated with cardiovascular events. MetS was strongly associated (OR = 18.0; 95% C.I. = 6.5-49.7; p = 0000) with cardiovascular events. Higher TDI scores were significantly associated with MetS (OR = 1.3; 95% C.I. = 1.1-1.6; p = 0.003. Neither the number of root-filled teeth (RFT) (OR = 0.9; 95% C.I. = 0.6-1.3; p = 0.61) nor the number of teeth with apical periodontitis (OR = 1.1; 95% C.I. = 0.8-1.7; p = 0.49) were associated with MetS. CONCLUSIONS: Apical periodontitis is significantly associated with cardiovascular events. Total oral inflammatory burden assessed by TDI, but not AP alone, is associated with MetS.

8.
Heliyon ; 6(5): e04013, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490239

RESUMEN

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate corticotomies effects to accelerate or facilitate dental movements in different kind of orthodontic treatments. Data: This report followed the PRISMA Statement. A total of 9 articles were included in review. Sources: Two reviewers performed a literature search up to December 2018 in four databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and SciELO. Study selection: Controlled clinical trials and randomized controlled clinical trials conducted in human patients and published during the last 10 years in English were eligible to be selected. The articles should give detailed information about the results and treatment parameters. There were no limitations established in terms of the type of malocclusion to be corrected or the type of orthodontic treatment performed. Results: The methodological quality and evidence of the selected studies was low. Most of the studies observed a statistically significant increase in the rate of dental movement, when performing alveolar corticotomies as coadjuvants of orthodontic treatment; either with the conventional technique or with piezocision. The effect of combining corticotomy with bone grafts was assessed. Conclusions: High heterogeneity among studies made it difficult to draw clear conclusions. However, within the limitations of this review, the corticotomy procedures were able to statistically and clinically produce significant temporary decrease in orthodontic tooth movement rate. This technique does not seem to involve major complications compared to conventional orthodontic treatments. Clinical relevance: The use of this technique can reduce treatment time and therefore the undesirable effects associated with prolonged treatments.

10.
Front Oncol ; 10: 85, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266126

RESUMEN

The core function of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) is to bring together a group of healthcare professionals from different fields in order to determine patients' treatment plan. Most of head and neck cancer (HNC) units are currently led by MDTs that at least include ENT and maxillofacial surgeons, radiation and medical oncologists. HNC often compromise relevant structures of the upper aerodigestive tract involving functions such as speech, swallowing and breathing, among others. The impairment of these functions can significantly impact patients' quality of life and psychosocial status, and highlights the crucial role of specialized nurses, dietitians, psycho-oncologists, social workers, and onco-geriatricians, among others. Hence, these professionals should be integrated in HNC MDTs. In addition, involving translational research teams should also be considered, as it will help reducing the existing gap between basic research and the daily clinical practice. The aim of this comprehensive review is to assess the role of the different supportive disciplines integrated in an MDT and how they help providing a better care to HNC patients during diagnosis, treatment and follow up.

11.
J Periodontol ; 2020 Jan 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984491

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Clinical examination is the gold-standard approach for surveillance of periodontitis; however, it requires large resources. Several self-reported measures have been developed and tested in diverse scenarios with results suggesting that it may be a useful tool for screening periodontal disease in different populations; yet they have not being tested in Spanish population. We aimed to assess the validity of a self-reported questionnaire for periodontitis in a Spanish population from Barcelona during 2018. METHODS: One hundred and twelve participants were enrolled in the study and, in one appointment; a dentist performed the self-reported questionnaire and a full-mouth periodontal examination. Periodontitis was defined as at least mild periodontitis according to three criterion of classification. Receiver-operating characteristics curve analyses were used to test the discriminatory capability, sensitivity and specificity of the self-reported questionnaire and logistic regression models were adjusted to estimate the minimal-set of questions associated with periodontitis. RESULTS: The self-reported questionnaire had a useful discriminative capability for detecting individuals with periodontitis (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.85 95% CI 0.78-0.92) and its moderate/severe form (AUC = 0.86 95% CI 0.79-0.04) with sensitivity and specificity of 77% and 74% and 73% and 87%, respectively; representing moderate validity. The combination of four-specific questions had high accuracy (AUC = 0.88 95% CI 0.81-0.94) and validity (sensitivity = 92.2%) and was strongly associated with moderate/severe periodontitis after adjusting by socio-demographic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The use of several self-reported questions proved to have a good performance for screening periodontitis in the population under study; specifically, those related with tooth mobility and gum migration. Large community-based studies are needed to test its validity and predictive capability.

12.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(5): 404-408, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990082

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to gather the available evidence about proliferative verrucous leukoplakia. This systematic review was conducted to answer the question: "What are the main clinical features of PVL patients?". MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was done following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statements. An electronic research was carried out using different electronic databases; PubMed, and Scopus. Inclusion criteria were papers which reported at least 10 patients with proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and were published not more than 10 years ago. RESULTS: A total of 285 records were identified through databases, although only 6 of them were eligible. Most patients were women, above 60 years of age (67.4). Additionally, 28 of them were non-smokers (66.6%) and 24 were non-habitual drinkers (57.1%). The most common locations were gingiva (50.9%), buccal mucosa (44.9%), and tongue (40.6%) CONCLUSION: Level C can be established to conclude the proliferative verrucous leukoplakia demographic data, risk factors, malignant transformation, and location. A strict follow-up on these patients should be mandatory, even after surgical management since they have a high recurrence rate and a malignant transformation.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Verrugoso/diagnóstico , Leucoplasia Bucal/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Verrugoso/patología , Transformación Celular Neoplásica , Encía/patología , Humanos , Leucoplasia Bucal/patología , Mucosa Bucal/patología , Lengua/patología
13.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 13(4): 345-353, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491366

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the possible association between implant insertion torque and marginal bone resorption.
Materials and methods: Electronic and manual searches were conducted for articles published up to and including March 2020. The databases consulted were MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Scielo and Cochrane Library. Meta-analyses were performed to evaluate the marginal bone resorption around dental implants placed with high insertion torque values (≥ 50 Ncm) compared to marginal bone resorption around dental implants placed with low to moderate (< 50 Ncm) insertion torque values.
Results: A total of five prospective studies and two randomised clinical trials were included in the qualitative analysis. Three of them were analysed quantitatively. The meta-analyses did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups at 3, 6 or 12 to 15 months.
Conclusions: No association between insertion torque value and peri-implant marginal bone resorption was found. Further studies of higher methodological quality are necessary to evaluate the possible correlation.

.


Asunto(s)
Resorción Ósea , Implantes Dentales , Resorción Ósea/etiología , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Torque
14.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(18)2019 Sep 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527399

RESUMEN

This systematic review aims to analyze the effect of the local application of statins in the regeneration of non-periodontal bone defects. A systematic study was conducted with the Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Scielo databases for in vivo animal studies published up to and including February 2019. Fifteen articles were included in the analysis. The local application of the drug increased the percentage of new bone formation, bone density, bone healing, bone morphogenetic protein 2, vascular endothelial growth factor, progenitor endothelial cells and osteocalcin. Meta-analyses showed a statistically significant increase in the percentage of new bone formation when animals were treated with local statins, in contrast to the no introduction of filling material or the introduction of polylactic acid, both in an early (4-6 weeks) and in a late period (12 weeks) (mean difference 39.5%, 95% confidence interval: 22.2-56.9, p <0.001; and mean difference 43.3%, 95% confidence interval: 33.6-52.9, p < 0.001, respectively). Basing on the animal model, the local application of statins promotes the healing of critical bone size defects due to its apparent osteogenic and angiogenic effects. However, given the few studies and their heterogenicity, the results should be taken cautiously, and further pilot studies are necessary, with radiological and histological evaluations to translate these results to humans and establish statins' effect.

15.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 153(4): 157-164, ago. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183448

RESUMEN

Durante las últimas décadas la infección por virus del papiloma humano (VPH) ha emergido como una nueva epidemia y se ha convertido en un problema de salud debido a su asociación con diversos cánceres localizados en el cuello uterino, región anogenital y orofaringe. En esta revisión pretendemos entender y explicar las características distintivas de los carcinomas escamosos de orofaringe) relacionados con el VPH, en términos de epidemiología, factores de riesgo, topografía específica, subtipos de VPH más frecuentemente involucrados, técnicas de detección del VPH, comportamiento clínico, pronóstico, tratamiento y prevención. También se discutirá la relación del VPH con el desarrollo de otros cánceres de cabeza y cuello y con la patología benigna de la cavidad oral


Over the last few decades, the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has emerged as a new epidemic and become a health issue due to its involvement in several cancers affecting the cervix, the anogenital region and the oropharynx. In this review, we aim to understand and explain the distinctive features of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma based on its epidemiological data, risk factors, specific topography, HPV subtypes most frequently involved, HPV-status diagnosis, clinical behaviour, prognosis, treatment, and preventive measures. In addition, the relationship of HPV with the development of other head and neck carcinomas and benign lesions of the oral cavity will also be discussed


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/complicaciones , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidad , Papillomavirus Humano 6/patogenicidad , Boca/patología , Factores de Riesgo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicaciones , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patología
16.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 153(4): 157-164, 2019 08 16.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109717

RESUMEN

Over the last few decades, the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has emerged as a new epidemic and become a health issue due to its involvement in several cancers affecting the cervix, the anogenital region and the oropharynx. In this review, we aim to understand and explain the distinctive features of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma based on its epidemiological data, risk factors, specific topography, HPV subtypes most frequently involved, HPV-status diagnosis, clinical behaviour, prognosis, treatment, and preventive measures. In addition, the relationship of HPV with the development of other head and neck carcinomas and benign lesions of the oral cavity will also be discussed.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virología , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virología , Papillomaviridae , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/complicaciones , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Femenino , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/epidemiología , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/virología , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/epidemiología , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/terapia , Papillomaviridae/clasificación , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/aislamiento & purificación , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidad , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/terapia , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Sexuales , España/epidemiología
17.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(2): e195-e203, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-180643

RESUMEN

Background: The aim of this study was to determine if the treatment with bisphosphonates other anti-resorptive and antiangiogenic agents influences the success of regenerative and / or implant treatments. Material and Methods: We reviewed the literature from the last 5 years in the PubMed database, using the following words: "Sinus Floor Augmentation"[Mesh] OR "Dental Implants"[Mesh]) OR "Guided Tissue Regeneration"[Mesh]) AND "Osteonecrosis"[Mesh]. The articles were selected following the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were evaluated using the 22 items of the STROBE declaration. The following PICO clinical question was applied: Does the treatment with agents associated with drug osteonecrosis influence the success of regenerative and implant treatments? Results: The initial search resulted in a total of 27 articles. After eliminating those that did not refer to the topic, were duplicated or did not meet the inclusion / exclusion criteria, a full reading of the articles was made evaluating their methodological quality, obtaining six studies with high methodological quality and two with moderate. Conclusions: The literature regarding this topic is scarce, randomized clinical trials would be necessary to establish protocols relative to implant treatment in patients on antiresorptive treatments. The risk of developing an osteonecrosis associated with the regeneration / implant placement in patients with benign bone diseases is scarce, but it exists and it should not be underestimated. Especially, in the posterior areas of the jaw, if the duration of treatment with BP is greater than 3 years, and if the patient is under therapy with systemic corticosteroids


No disponible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/epidemiología , Difosfonatos/efectos adversos , Implantación Dental/estadística & datos numéricos , Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/tratamiento farmacológico , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/uso terapéutico
18.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(2): e162-e169, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805121

RESUMEN

Background: Evaluate the effect of LLLT in the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). Material and Methods: Twenty-one BMS patients were randomly assigned to two groups: 12 in the laser group (LG) and 9 in the control group (CG). Patients in the LG underwent 2-week sessions of LLLT for 4 weeks. The spot tip area of this tool is 0.088cm2, semi-conductor GaAlAs, with a wavelength of 808nm ±5nm (infrared), 200 mW output power, 1.97W/cm2 of power density, 3 J energy per point and application time 15 seconds per point. LLLT was applied punctually, in continuous emissions, on each of the sites where there was a symptom. Symptoms were evaluated with a visual analogue scale (VAS) and patient psychological profiles were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale. No side effects were recorded. Statistical analysis was carried out via ANOVA and logistic regression analysis. Results: The initial VAS score mean was 8.9 for the LG and 8.3 for the CG (p >0.05). After the eighth session the VAS score was 5.5 and 5.8 respectively, and at two months it was 4.7 and 5.1 respectively. Improvement variables were established by dichotomizing the pain scales. We obtained levels of significance for the improvement variable for the LG at the two-month follow-up (p=0.0038) and for the univariate analysis of the treatment. The improvement was marginally significant in the multivariant analysis of: dry mouth, dysgeusia, pain and the treatment (p=0.0538). Conclusions: LLLT may be an alternative treatment for the relief of oral burning in patients with BMS. Key words:Burning mouth syndrome, oral pain, laser dentistry, laser therapy, low intensity laser therapy.

19.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(1): e1-e7, ene. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-180399

RESUMEN

Background: Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the oral mucosa as well as the skin, genital mucosa and other sites. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between oral, genital and cutaneous lichen planus, in a sample of LP patients. Material and Methods: This descriptive study reviewed 274 clinical histories of patients, who all presented histological confirmation of lichen planus verified by a pathologist, attending research centers in Barcelona. Results: A total of 40 LP patients (14.59%) presented genital lesions. Of 131 patients with cutaneous LP (47.8%), the most commonly affected zones were the body’s flexor surfaces, representing 60.1% of cases. 24% of patients (n=55) related the start of the lesions with previous stress events. Of the 131 subjects with cutaneous lesions, 19% (n=25) also presented oral lichen planus (OLP). Of the total sample, 53.6% (n=147) of patients presented oral lesions. The systemic diseases most commonly associated with this patient sample were psychological problems such as stress, anxiety and depression (48%), hypertension (27%), gastric problems (12%), and diabetes (9.7%). A family history of lichen planus was found in only 2 cases (0,72%) out of the total of 274. Conclusions: Any patient with OLP should undergo a thorough history and examination to investigate potential extraoral manifestations. The fact that 37 patients with OLP in this series were identified with simultaneous involvement at more than one site highlights the need for exhaustive evaluation and multidisciplinary approaches to this disease


No disponible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Erupciones Liquenoides/clasificación , Liquen Plano Oral/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de los Genitales Femeninos/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de los Genitales Masculinos/diagnóstico , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Factores de Riesgo , Enfermedades Autoinmunes/complicaciones
20.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 10(9): e938-e944, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386529

RESUMEN

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the most common dermatological diseases which are present in the oral cavity. It is a chronic autoimmune, mucocutaneous disease that affects the oral mucosa as well as the skin, genital mucosa and other sites. Objective: Review the relevant information to OLP and its relationship with systemic diseases. Material and Methods: Searches were carried out in the Medline/PubMed, Lilacs, Bireme, BVS, and SciELO databases by using key-words. After an initial search that provided us with 243 papers, this number was reduced to 78 from the last seven years. One of the first criteria adopted was a selective reading of the abstracts of articles for the elimination of publications that presented less information regarding the subject proposed for this work. All the selected articles were read in their entirety by all of the authors, who came to a consensus about their level of evidence. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) criteria were used as the criteria of methodological validation. Results: Only 9 articles showed an evidence level of 1+, 2+, 3 or 4, as well as a recommendation level of A, B, C or D. Three of them were non-systematic reviews, one was a cohort study and only one was a controlled clinical trial. Three of the studies were case series, with respective sample sizes of 45, 171 and 633 patients. Conclusions: Several factors have been associated with OLP. Patients with OLP are carriers of a disease with systemic implications and may need the care of a multidisciplinary team. The correct diagnosis of any pathology is critical to making effective treatment and minimizes iatrogenic harm. For OLP is no different, taking into account its association with numerous systemic diseases that require special attention from health professionals. Periodic follow-up of all patients with OLP is recommended. Key words:Oral lichen planus, etiopathogenesis, systemic diseases.

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