Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 356
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 494-499, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812420

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-TUC338 on the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells. METHODS: The expression of TUC338 in different lymphoma cells was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, cell proliferation by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, migration of lymphoma cells by transwell assay, and protein expression in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by Western blot. RESULTS: The expression levels of TUC338 in lymphoma cells Daudi, U937, BC-3, and Raji significantly increased in comparison with human normal T lymphocytes H9 (t=13.277, 10.103, 16.200, and 26.687, P=0.002, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.000). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the number of cells crossing the chamber of TUC338-siRNA group was significantly reduced (t=30.508, P=0.000), the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT significantly decreased (t=16.872 and 18.371, P=0.000 and 0.000), and OD530 absorbance values at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h were significantly lower (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of TUC338 significantly increases in lymphoma cells, and silence of TUC338 effectively inhibits the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells, which has a potential application value in diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.


Asunto(s)
ARN Largo no Codificante , Línea Celular Tumoral , Movimiento Celular , Proliferación Celular , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética , Transducción de Señal
2.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851211006897, 2021 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827276

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion (LVO) were usually transferred from a primary stroke center (PSC) to a comprehensive stroke center (CSC) for endovascular treatment (drip-and-ship [DS]), while driving the doctor from a CSC to a PSC to perform a procedure is an alternative strategy (drip-and-drive [DD]). PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and prognosis of the two strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From February 2017 to June 2019, 62 patients with LVO received endovascular treatment via the DS and DD models and were retrospectively analyzed from the stroke alliance based on our CSC. Primary endpoint was door-to-reperfusion (DTR) time. Secondary endpoints included puncture-to-recanalization (PTR) time, modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) rates at the end of the procedure, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days. RESULTS: Forty-one patients received the DS strategy and 21 patients received the DD strategy. The DTR time was significantly longer in the DS group compared to the DD group (315.5 ± 83.8 min vs. 248.6 ± 80.0 min; P < 0.05), and PTR time was shorter (77.2 ± 35.9 min vs. 113.7 ± 69.7 min; P = 0.033) compared with the DD group. Successful recanalization (mTICI 2b/3) was achieved in 89% (36/41) of patients in the DS group and 86% (18/21) in the DD group (P = 1.000). Favorable functional outcomes (mRS 0-2) were observed in 49% (20/41) of patients in the DS group and 71% (15/21) in the DD group at 90 days (P = 0.089). CONCLUSION: Compared with the DS strategy, the DD strategy showed more effective and a trend of better clinical outcomes for AIS patients with LVO.

3.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820419

RESUMEN

Herein, we describe a highly effective 1,8-conjugate-addition-mediated formal (3+3)-annulation of (aza)-para-quinone methides in situ generated from propargylic alcohols with 4-hydroxycoumarins and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds under the catalysis of a Brønsted acid. This methodology affords efficient and practical access to synthetically important and highly functionalized pyranocoumarins and pyrans in excellent yields under mild conditions. Importantly, these products exhibit impressive inhibitory activity toward α-glucosidase.

4.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-6, 2021 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906700

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is associated with high mortality if not timely surgery. We reviewed our experience with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery to assess the preoperative variables predictive of outcome and post-operative recovery of left ventricular function. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted and collected data from patients who underwent anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery repair at our institute from April 2005 to December 2019. Left ventricular function was assessed by ejection fraction and the left ventricular end-diastolic dimension index. The outcomes of reimplantation repair were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 30 consecutive patients underwent anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery repair, with a median age of 14.7 months (range, 1.5-59.6 months), including 14 females (46.67%). Surgery was performed with direct coronary reimplantation in 12 patients (40%) and the coronary lengthening technique in 18 (60%). Twelve patients had concomitant mitral annuloplasty. There were two in-hospital deaths (6.67%), no patients required mechanical support, and no late deaths occurred. Follow-up echocardiograms demonstrated significant improvement between the post-operative time point and the last follow-up in ejection fraction (49.43%±19.92% vs 60.21%±8.27%, p < 0.01) and in moderate or more severe mitral regurgitation (19/30 vs 5/28, p < 0.01). The left ventricular end-diastolic dimension index decreased from 101.91 ± 23.07 to 65.06 ± 12.82 (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery has good mid-term results with low mortality and reintervention rates. The coronary lengthening technique has good operability and leads to excellent cardiac recovery. The decision to concomitantly correct mitral regurgitation should be flexible and be based on the pathological changes of the mitral valve and the degree of mitral regurgitation.

5.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 183: 113209, 2021 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836430

RESUMEN

We have developed an inexpensive, standardized paper chromogenic array (PCA) integrated with a machine learning approach to accurately identify single pathogens (Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Enteritidis, or Escherichia coli O157:H7) or multiple pathogens (either in multiple monocultures, or in a single cocktail culture), in the presence of background microflora on food. Cantaloupe, a commodity with significant volatile organic compound (VOC) emission and large diverse populations of background microflora, was used as the model food. The PCA was fabricated from a paper microarray via photolithography and paper microfluidics, into which 22 chromogenic dye spots were infused and to which three red/green/blue color-standard dots were taped. When exposed to VOCs emitted by pathogens of interest, dye spots exhibited distinguishable color changes and pattern shifts, which were automatically segmented and digitized into a ΔR/ΔG/ΔB database. We developed an advanced deep feedforward neural network with a learning rate scheduler, L2 regularization, and shortcut connections. After training on the ΔR/ΔG/ΔB database, the network demonstrated excellent performance in identifying pathogens in single monocultures, multiple monocultures, and in cocktail culture, and in distinguishing them from the background signal on cantaloupe, providing accuracy of up to 93% and 91% under ambient and refrigerated conditions, respectively. With its combination of speed, reliability, portability, and low cost, this nondestructive approach holds great potential to significantly advance culture-free pathogen detection and identification on food, and is readily extendable to other food commodities with complex microflora.

6.
Phytomedicine ; 85: 153242, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33867046

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) has resulted in a global outbreak. Few existing targeted medications are available. Lianhuaqingwen (LH) capsule, a repurposed marketed Chinese herb product, has been proven effective for influenza. PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of LH capsule in patients with Covid-19. METHODS: We did a prospective multicenter open-label randomized controlled trial on LH capsule in confirmed cases with Covid-19. Patients were randomized to receive usual treatment alone or in combination with LH capsules (4 capsules, thrice daily) for 14 days. The primary endpoint was the rate of symptom (fever, fatigue, coughing) recovery. RESULTS: We included 284 patients (142 each in treatment and control group) in the full-analysis set. The recovery rate was significantly higher in treatment group as compared with control group (91.5% vs. 82.4%, p = 0.022). The median time to symptom recovery was markedly shorter in treatment group (median: 7 vs. 10 days, p < 0.001). Time to recovery of fever (2 vs. 3 days), fatigue (3 vs. 6 days) and coughing (7 vs. 10 days) was also significantly shorter in treatment group (all p < 0.001). The rate of improvement in chest computed tomographic manifestations (83.8% vs. 64.1%, p < 0.001) and clinical cure (78.9% vs. 66.2%, p = 0.017) was also higher in treatment group. However, both groups did not differ in the rate of conversion to severe cases or viral assay findings (both p > 0.05). No serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: In light of the safety and effectiveness profiles, LH capsules could be considered to ameliorate clinical symptoms of Covid-19.


Asunto(s)
/tratamiento farmacológico , Reposicionamiento de Medicamentos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Anciano , Cápsulas , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694297

RESUMEN

A facile method for the quantitative preparation of silver dibenzo-fused corrole Ag-1 is described. In contrast to the saddle conformation resolved by single-crystal X-ray analysis for Ag-1, it adopts an unprecedented domed geometry, with up and down orientations, when adsorbed on an Ag(111) surface. Sharp Kondo resonances near Fermi level, both at the corrole ligand and the silver center were observed by cryogenic STM, with relatively high Kondo temperature (172 K), providing evidence for a non-innocent AgII -corrole.2- species. Further investigation validates that benzene ring fusion and molecule-substrate interactions play pivotal roles in enhancing Ag(4d(x2 -y2 ))-corrole (π) orbital interactions, thereby stabilizing the open-shell singlet AgII -corrole.2- on Ag(111) surface. Moreover, this strategy used for constructing metal-free benzene-ring fused corrole ligand gives rise to inspiration of designing novel metal-corrole compound for multichannel molecular spintronics devices.

8.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2021 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644976

RESUMEN

AIMS: Noninvasive music adjuvant therapy shows great potential in improving seizure control when combined with routine antiepileptic drugs. However, the diversity of previous music protocols has resulted in disparate outcomes. The optimized protocol and features for music adjuvant therapy are still not fully understood which limits its feasibility. METHODS: By applying different regimens of music therapy in various temporal lobe epilepsy models, we evaluated the effect of music in combination with sub-dose drugs on epileptic seizures to determine the optimized protocol. RESULTS: A subgroup of kindled mice that were responsive to music adjuvant therapy was screened. In those mice, sub-dose drugs which were noneffective on kindled seizures, alleviated seizure severity after 12 h/day Mozart K.448 for 14 days. Shorter durations of music therapy (2 and 6 h/day) were ineffective. Furthermore, only full-length Mozart K.448, not its episodes or other music varieties, was capable of enhancing the efficacy of sub-dose drugs. This music therapeutic effect was not due to increasing cerebral drug concentration, but instead was related with the modulation of seizure electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral powers in the hippocampus. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that long-term full-length Mozart K.448 could enhance the anti-seizure efficacy of sub-dose drugs and may be a promising noninvasive adjuvant therapy for temporal lobe epilepsy.

9.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 80(4): 1591-1601, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720888

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Wealth and income are potential modifiable risk factors for dementia, but whether wealth status, which is composed of a combination of debt and poverty, and assessed by wealth and income, is associated with cognitive impairment among elderly adults remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of different combinations of debt and poverty with the incidence of dementia and cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND) and to evaluate the mediating role of depression in these relationships. METHODS: We included 15,565 participants aged 51 years or older from the Health and Retirement Study (1992-2012) who were free of CIND and dementia at baseline. Dementia and CIND were assessed using either the modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (mTICS) or a proxy assessment. Cox models with time-dependent covariates and mediation analysis were used. RESULTS: During a median of 14.4 years of follow-up, 4,484 participants experienced CIND and 1,774 were diagnosed with dementia. Both debt and poverty were independently associated with increased dementia and CIND risks, and the risks were augmented when both debt and poverty were present together (the hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] were 1.35 [1.08-1.70] and 1.96 [1.48-2.60] for CIND and dementia, respectively). The associations between different wealth statuses and cognition were partially (mediation ratio range: 11.8-29.7%) mediated by depression. CONCLUSION: Debt and poverty were associated with an increased risk of dementia and CIND, and these associations were partially mediated by depression. Alleviating poverty and debt may be effective for improving mental health and therefore curbing the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia.

10.
Neurosci Lett ; 755: 135847, 2021 Mar 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774150

RESUMEN

The development and maintenance of morphine tolerance showed association with neuroinflammation and dysfunction of central glutamatergic system (such as nitration of glutamate transporter). Recent evidence indicated that hydrogen could reduce the levels of neuroinflammation and oxidative stress, but its role in morphine tolerance has not been studied. The rats were intrathecally administered with morphine (10 µg/10 µL each time, twice/day for 5 days). Hydrogen enriched saline (HS) or saline was given intraperitoneally at 1, 3 and 10 mL/kg for 10 min before each dose of morphine administration. The tail-flick latency, mechanical threshold and thermal latency were assessed one day (baseline) before and daily for up to 5 days during morphine injection. The pro-inflammatory cytokine expressions [tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6)] (by western blotting), astrocyte activation (by immunofluorescence and western blotting), and nitration of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) and glutamine synthetase (GS) (by immunoprecipitation), membrane and total expression of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor NR1 and NR2B subunits were carried out in the spinal dorsal horns. Chronic morphine administration induced antinociceptive tolerance, and together led to increased TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 expression, astrocyte activation, GLT-1 and GS nitration, increased membrane and total NR1, NR2B expression. Injection of HS attenuated morphine tolerance in a dose-dependent manner, decreased proinflammatory cytokine expression, inhibited astrocyte activation, decreased GLT-1 and GS nitration, and inhibited membrane trafficking of NMDA receptor. Our result showed that hydrogen pretreatment prevented morphine tolerance by reducing neuroinflammation, GLT-1, GS nitration, NMDA receptor trafficking in the spinal dorsal horn. Pretreatment with hydrogen might be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy for the prevention of morphine tolerance.

11.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1866(6): 158901, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571671

RESUMEN

Obesity is a disease characterized by imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, excessive energy store in white adipocytes, but brown and beige adipocytes consume energy to relieve obesity. In this study, we want to explore the role of the histone H3 methyltransferase Ezh2 in the differentiation of white, brown and beige adipocytes with Ezh2 conditional knockout mice (Ezh2flox/floxPrx1-cre) and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). The results showed that Ezh2-deficient mice have a leaner phenotype and less white adipose tissues. The morphological changes in the adipose tissue included smaller white adipose tissue depots, white adipocytes with smaller diameter, smaller lipid droplets inside the brown adipocytes and more beige adipocytes in the Ezh2-deficient mice compared with the control. The differentiation markers of white adipocytes in Ezh2 knockout mice decreased; Ucp1 and other browning markers increased in brown and beige adipocytes. The Ezh2 knockout mice could better tolerate cold stimulation, and they can also resist obesity and insulin resistance induced by a high-fat diet. The Ezh2 inhibitor GSK126 could inhibit the differentiation of MEFs into white adipocytes but promote their differentiation into brown/beige adipocytes. The H3K27me3 demethylase Jmjd3/UTX inhibitor GSKJ4 inhibited MEFs' differentiation into brown/beige adipocytes. These results showed that Ezh2 promotes the differentiation of white adipocytes and inhibits the differentiation of brown and beige adipocytes in vivo and in vitro through its methylase activity and this may represent new knowledge for obesity therapeutic strategy.

12.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620747

RESUMEN

AIMS: To assess the associations of diabetes duration and glycaemic control (defined by plasma glycated haemoglobin [HbA1c] level) with the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality and to determine whether the addition of either or both to the established CVD risk factors can improve predictions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 435 679 participants from the UK Biobank without CVD at baseline were included. Cox models adjusting for classic risk factors (sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, lipid profiles and medication use) were used, and predictive utility was determined by the C-index and net reclassification improvement (NRI). RESULTS: Compared with participants without diabetes, participants with longer diabetes durations and poorer glycaemic control had a higher risk of fatal/nonfatal CVD. Among participants with diabetes, the fully-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for diabetes durations of 5 to <10 years, 10 to <15 years and ≥15 years were 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.99, 1.34), 1.50 (95% CI 1.26, 1.79) and 2.22 (95% CI 1.90, 2.58; P-trend <0.01), respectively, compared with participants with diabetes durations <5 years. In addition, those with the longest disease duration (≥15 years) and poorer glycaemic control (HbA1c ≥64 mmol/mol [8%]) had the highest risk of fatal/nonfatal CVD (HR 3.12, 95% CI 2.52, 3.86). Among participants with diabetes, the addition of both diabetes duration and glycaemic control levels significantly improved both the C-index (change in C-index +0.0254; 95% CI 0.0111, 0.0398) and the overall NRI for fatal/nonfatal CVD (0.0992; 95% CI 0.0085, 0.1755) beyond the use of the classic risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Both longer diabetes duration and poorer glycaemic control were associated with elevated risks of CVD and mortality. Clinicians should consider not only glycaemic control but also diabetes duration in CVD risk assessments for participants with diabetes.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(7): e24321, 2021 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607766

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 induces severe infection, and it is responsible for a worldwide disease outbreak starting in late 2019. Currently, there are no effective medications against coronavirus. In the present study, we utilized a holistic bioinformatics approach to study gene signatures of SARS-CoV- and SARS-CoV-2-infected Calu-3 lung adenocarcinoma cells. Through the Gene Ontology platform, we determined that several cytokine genes were up-regulated after SARS-CoV-2 infection, including TNF, IL6, CSF2, IFNL1, IL-17C, CXCL10, and CXCL11. Differentially regulated pathways were detected by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, gene ontology, and Hallmark platform, including chemokines, cytokines, cytokine receptors, cytokine metabolism, inflammation, immune responses, and cellular responses to the virus. A Venn diagram was utilized to illustrate common overlapping genes from SARS-CoV- and SARS-CoV-2-infected datasets. An Ingenuity pathway analysis discovered an enrichment of tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) and interleukin (IL)-17-related signaling in a gene set enrichment analysis. Downstream networks were predicted by the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery platform also revealed that TNF and TNF receptor 2 signaling elicited leukocyte recruitment, activation, and survival of host cells after coronavirus infection. Our discovery provides essential evidence for transcript regulation and downstream signaling of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Asunto(s)
/genética , Quimiocinas/biosíntesis , Citocinas/biosíntesis , Mediadores de Inflamación/metabolismo , Línea Celular Tumoral , Quimiocinas/genética , Citocinas/genética , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Ontología de Genes , Interacciones Huésped-Patógeno , Humanos , Interleucina-17/biosíntesis , Receptores Tipo II del Factor de Necrosis Tumoral/biosíntesis , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/biosíntesis , Regulación hacia Arriba
14.
Acta Radiol ; : 284185121990843, 2021 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541090

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Higher baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) was associated with a lower probability of hemorrhagic transformation in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of cerebral blood volume (CBV)-ASPECTS of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in AIS treated with thrombectomy selected by computed tomographic perfusion (CTP) in an extended time window. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 91 consecutive patients with AIS with large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation after thrombectomy in an extended time window were enrolled between January 2018 and September 2019. ICH was diagnosed according to Heidelberg Bleeding Classification. CBV-ASPECTS was assessed by evaluating each ASPECTS region for relatively low CBV value compared with the mirror region in the contralateral hemisphere. Demographic characteristics, clinical data, CBV-ASPECTS, and procedure process and results were compared between patients with ICH and those without. RESULTS: ICH occurred in 31/91 (34.1%) patients with AIS. Symptomatic ICH (sICH) was observed in 4 (4.4%) patients, while asymptomatic ICH (aICH) was seen in 27 (29.7%). In univariate analysis, both ICH and aICH were associated with high admission NIHSS score (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively), more passes of retriever (P = 0.007 and P = 0.019, respectively), low NCCT-ASPECTS (P = 0.013 and P = 0.034, respectively), and low CBV-ASPECTS (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). After multivariable analysis, low CBV-ASPECTS remained an independent predictor of ICH (odds ratio [OR] 0.521, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.371-0.732, P < 0.001) and aICH (OR 0.532, 95% CI 0.376-0.752, P < 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: Low CBV-ASPECTS independently predicts ICH in patients with AIS treated with thrombectomy selected by CTP in an extended time window.

15.
Neuroradiology ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630124

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Before we enter the era of flow diverter stents (FDS), the standard stent-assisted coiling technique is a well-established treatment option for routine paraclinoid aneurysms. We assess the clinical safety and efficacy of stent-assisted coiling with open-cell stent in the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms and evaluate the association between clinical factors and follow-up aneurysm occlusion. METHODS: The clinical and radiographic data of 110 consecutive patients with 122 paraclinoid aneurysms treated with open-cell stent between April 2015 and April 2019 were analyzed retrospectively at our center. We assessed the immediate and progressive occlusion rates, complications, and clinical outcome. Multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the risk factors of angiographic incomplete occlusion. RESULTS: Among 110 patients, stent-assisted coiling was successfully performed in all cases. Four (3.6%) thromboembolic events were reported during the procedure, which resulted in transient morbidity. Immediate angiography demonstrated complete occlusion in 64 (52.5%) aneurysms and no occlusion of ophthalmic artery. Angiographic follow-up at 6 months demonstrated an increase in the complete occlusion rate to 92.9%. No delayed in-stent stenosis was observed, and three aneurysms recurred. Clinical follow-up was completed in 102 patients (92.7%), and favorable outcomes were achieved in 101 (99%) patients at 6 months. Multivariate analysis showed that aneurysm size (p < 0.001) was associated with incomplete aneurysm occlusion at follow-up. CONCLUSION: Stent-assisted coil embolization with open-cell stents is safe and effective for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms and provides progressive occlusion without significant in-stent stenosis events.

16.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(3): 4157-4181, 2021 01 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461170

RESUMEN

According to cancer statistics reported in 2020, breast cancer constitutes 30% of new cancer cases diagnosed in American women. Histological markers of breast cancer are expressions of the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2. Up to 80% of breast cancers are grouped as ER-positive, which implies a crucial role for estrogen in breast cancer development. Therefore, identifying potential therapeutic targets and investigating their downstream pathways and networks are extremely important for drug development in these patients. Through high-throughput technology and bioinformatics screening, we revealed that coiled-coil domain-containing protein 167 (CCDC167) was upregulated in different types of tumors; however, the role of CCDC167 in the development of breast cancer still remains unclear. Integrating many kinds of databases including ONCOMINE, MetaCore, IPA, and Kaplan-Meier Plotter, we found that high expression levels of CCDC167 predicted poor prognoses of breast cancer patients. Knockdown of CCDC167 attenuated aggressive breast cancer growth and proliferation. We also demonstrated that treatment with fluorouracil, carboplatin, paclitaxel, and doxorubicin resulted in decreased expression of CCDC167 and suppressed growth of MCF-7 cells. Collectively, these findings suggest that CCDC167 has high potential as a therapeutic target for breast cancer.

17.
Eur J Radiol ; 135: 109512, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429302

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To develop a combined nomogram by incorporating the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomogram and ultrasound (US)-based radiomics score (Radscore) for predicting sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis in invasive breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the ethics committee of our institution, and written informed consent was waived. A total of 452 patients with invasive breast cancer who received SLN Biopsy in a single center were included between January 2016 and December 2019. The patients were divided into a training set (n = 318) and a validation set (n = 134). A total of 1216 features were extracted from the regions of interest (ROIs) of the tumors on conventional ultrasound. The maximum relevance minimum redundancy (mRMR) and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm were used to build the Radscore. Afterward, the diagnostic performance was assessed and validated. Comparison of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and decision curve analysis (DCA) were performed to evaluate the incremental value of the combined model. RESULTS: Obtained from 18 features, the Radscore indicated a favorable discriminatory capability in the training set with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.834, whereas a value of 0.770 was observed in the validation set. The AUC of the combined model was 0.901 (95 % confidence interval (95 % CI): 0.865-0.938) in the training set and 0.833 (95 % CI: 0.788-0.878) in the validation set. Both of them were superior to MSKCC or imaging Radscore alone (P < 0.05). DCA demonstrated that the combined model was superior to the others in terms of clinical practicability. CONCLUSION: Preoperative US-based Radscore can improve the accuracy of clinical MSKCC nomogram for SLN metastasis prediction in breast cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Nomogramas , Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos/diagnóstico por imagen , Metástasis Linfática/diagnóstico por imagen , Curva ROC , Estudios Retrospectivos , Biopsia del Ganglio Linfático Centinela
18.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(3): 2654-2667, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455764

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to develop a dynamic model for predicting the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in pasteurized cow milk under fluctuating temperature conditions during storage and temperature abuse. Six dynamic temperature profiles that simulated random fluctuation patterns were designed to change arbitrarily between 4 and 30°C. The growth data collected from 3 independent temperature profiles were used to determine the kinetic parameters and construct a growth model combining the primary and secondary models using a 1-step dynamic analysis method. The results showed that the estimated minimum growth temperature and maximum cell concentration were 0.6 ± 0.2°C and 7.8 ± 0.1 log cfu/mL (mean ± standard error), with the root mean square error (RMSE) only 0.3 log cfu/mL for model development. The model and the associated kinetic parameters were validated using the data collected under both dynamic and isothermal conditions, which were not used for model development, to verify the accuracy of prediction. The RMSE of prediction was approximately 0.3 log cfu/mL for fluctuating temperature profiles, and it was between 0.2 and 1.1 log cfu/mL under certain isothermal temperatures (2-30°C). The resulting model and kinetic parameters were further validated using 3 growth curves at 4, 7, and 10°C arbitrarily selected from ComBase (www.combase.cc). The RMSE of prediction was 0.8, 0.4, and 0.5 log cfu/mL, respectively, for these curves. The validation results indicated the predictive model was reasonably accurate, with relatively small RMSE. The model was then used to simulate the growth of L. monocytogenes under a variety of continuous and square-wave temperature profiles to demonstrate its potential application. The results of this study showed that the model developed in this study can be used to predict the growth of L. monocytogenes in contaminated milk during storage.


Asunto(s)
Listeria monocytogenes , Animales , Recuento de Colonia Microbiana/veterinaria , Microbiología de Alimentos , Cinética , Leche , Modelos Biológicos , Temperatura
19.
Org Lett ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300801

RESUMEN

Transition-metal-catalyzed dehydrogenative C-H allylation with 1,1-disubstituted alkenes via ß-H elimination remains challenging, because of the low reactivity and difficulty of controlling selectivity. Herein, the development of a Pd(II)-catalyzed directed atroposelective C-H allylation with methacrylates is described. Exclusive allylic selectivity was achieved. A vast array of axially chiral biaryl-2-amines are efficiently synthesized with excellent enantioselectivities (up to >99% enantiomeric excess).

20.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258600

RESUMEN

Puckered honeycomb Sb monolayer, the structural analog of black phosphorene, has been recently successfully grown by means of molecular beam epitaxy. However, little is known to date about the growth mechanism for such a puckered honeycomb monolayer. In this study, by using scanning tunneling microscopy in combination with first-principles density functional theory calculations, we unveil that the puckered honeycomb Sb monolayer takes a kinetics-limited two-step growth mode. As the coverage of Sb increases, the Sb atoms first form the distorted hexagonal lattice as the half layer, and then the distorted hexagonal half-layer transforms into the puckered honeycomb lattice as the full layer. These results provide the atomic-scale insight in understanding the growth mechanism of puckered honeycomb monolayer and can be instructive to the direct growth of other monolayers with the same structure.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...