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1.
Environ Pollut ; 273: 116467, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453699

RESUMEN

As zoned areas of industries, industrial parks have great impacts on the environment. Several studies have demonstrated that chemical compounds and heavy metals released from industrial parks can contaminate soil, water, and air. However, as an emerging pollutant, antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) in industrial parks have not yet been investigated. Here, we collected soil samples from 35 sites in an industrial park in China and applied a metagenomics strategy to profile the ARGs and virulence factors (VFs). We further compared the relative abundance of ARGs between the sites (TZ_31-35) located in a beta-lactam antimicrobial-producing factory and other sites (TZ_1-30) in this industrial park. Metagenomic sequencing and assembly generated 14, 383, 065 contigs and 17, 631, 051 open reading frames (ORFs). Taxonomy annotation revealed Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria as the most abundant phylum and class, respectively. The 32 pathogenic bacterial genera listed in the virulence factor database (VFDB) were all identified from the soil metagenomes in this industrial park. In total, 685,354 ARGs (3.89% of the ORFs) and 272,694 virulence factors (VFs) (1.55% of the ORFs) were annotated. These ARGs exhibited resistance to several critically important antimicrobials, such as rifampins, fluroquinolones, and beta-lactams. In addition, no significant difference in the relative abundance of ARGs was observed between sites TZ_31-35 and TZ_1-30, indicating that ARGs have already disseminated widely in this industrial park. The present study gave us a better understanding of the whole picture of the resistome and virulome in the soil of the industrial park and suggested that we should treat the industrial park as a whole in the surveillance and maintenance of ARGs.

2.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(10): 2775-2782, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533320

RESUMEN

Leclercia sp. W6 and W17, which belong to the Enterobacteriaceae, were isolated from a stomach sample from a 78-year-old female gastric cancer patient, and genomic sequencing and analysis were performed. The genome of Leclercia sp. W6 consists of one chromosome with a size of 4,945,486 bp, while that of Leclercia sp. W17 contains one chromosome and two plasmids with a total size of 5,125,645 bp. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) calculations indicated that strains W6 and W17 exhibited similarities < 91.0% to other strains within the Enterobacteriaceae, except for six Leclercia strains. Phylogenomic analysis based on core-genome showed that strains W6 and W17 belong to the genus Leclercia, and phylogenetic analysis based on ANI values revealed that strains W6 and W17 formed an independent clade from those six Leclercia strains. Furthermore, comparative genomic analysis revealed that strains W6 and W17 had 5086 orthologous clusters (OCs) in their pan-genomes, and 59 exclusive OCs which were absent in their closest relatives. Genomic annotations revealed that the genomes of strains W6 and W17 encoded genes related to multidrug resistance clusters, multiple antibiotic resistance loci, and multidrug efflux pumps and had an identical urease gene cluster and a dissimilatory nitrate reduction pathway. Bioinformatic analyses indicated that strains W6 and W17 represented a novel species within the genus Leclercia. Genomic annotations revealed that these strains encoded genes related to multidrug resistance, nitrate reduction, and urease activity, which contribute to gastric malignant transformation. This will broaden our knowledge of the genetic mechanisms of the Enterobacteriaceae and help improve the clinical conditions of gastric cancer patients.

3.
Cytotechnology ; 72(3): 327-341, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335812

RESUMEN

Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) may be an attractive therapeutic source for acute liver injury because of their high accessibility and non-invasiveness. Here, we investigated the therapeutic potentials of porcine ADMSCs for acute liver failure (ALF). The morphology, differentiation potential, expression patterns of cell surface markers and liver-specific genes were compared between the ADMSCs derived from the pigs with or without ALF. For therapeutic studies, the expanded porcine ADMSCs from either ALF pig (ALF-ADMSCs) or healthy control pig (Nor-ADMSCs) of passage 3 were transplanted into CCl4-induced ALF mice, and the liver histology and functional tests were performed at days 1, 7, 14, and 21 after cell transplantation. ALF-ADMSCs expressed higher mRNA level of hepatic growth factor (HGF) than the Nor-ADMSCs. Both ALF-ADMSCs and Nor-ADMSCs improved liver histology, functions, and mouse survival rate. Higher level of porcine hepatocyte-specific genes was seen in the livers of ALF-ADMSCs transplanted mice as compared to the Nor-ADMSCs transplanted mice. In particular, ALF-ADMSCs transplanted mice expressed significantly higher level of albumin and cytokeratin 18 in the liver tissues as compared to the Nor-ADMSCs transplanted mice. ALF-ADMSCs might be superior to Nor-ADMSCs in the treatment of ALF as the former possesses stronger hepatic differentiation potential.

4.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 851-854, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214831

RESUMEN

Abstract: The emergence of the plasmid-borne colistin-resistant gene (mcr-1) poses a great threat to human health. What is worse, the recent observations of the co-existence of mcr-1 with other antimicrobial resistance genes in some bacteria cause further concern. Here, we present the first report of a wild Escherichia coli strain that co-carries an mcr-1 encoding phage-like IncY plasmid (pR15_MCR-1) and a bla NDM-5 encoding IncX3 plasmid (pR15_NDM-5) from a pharmaceutical industry, wastewater treatment plant, in China. This study highlights the spreading of E. coli carrying both mcr-1 and bla NDM-5 genes in the pharmaceutical industry. Importance: Escherichia coli strains that carry both mcr-1 and bla NDM-5 genes are of great health concern and are already found in humans and animals worldwide, yet there is a paucity of observations of this resistant strain in the environment. Here we present the first isolation of an E. coli strain (R15) that co-carries mcr-1 and bla NDM-5 genes from a wastewater treatment plant in China. Whole-genome sequencing indicated that R15 harbored two plasmids, pR15_MCR-1 and pR15_NDM-5, that carry mcr-1 and bla NDM-5, respectively. The observation of this wild-derived E. coli strain that carries mcr-1 and bla NDM-5 genes simultaneously calls for the urgency to improve monitoring and reducing its further spreading.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 150, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180719

RESUMEN

Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies in women worldwide with a poor survival rate. We have previously reported that compound fuling granule (CFG), a traditional Chinese medicinal preparation used to treat ovarian cancer in China for over 20 years, significantly promotes cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, senescence, TGFß-induced invasion and migration, tumor growth, and distant metastasis in ovarian cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not clear. In the present study, we found that PHF19 expression in ovarian cancer cells positively correlated with their resistance ability to CFG. In addition, PHF19 overexpression increased the resistance of HEY-T30 and SKOV3 cells to CFG, while knockdown of PHF19 enhanced their sensitivity to CFG. Moreover, CFG significantly inhibited the expression of PHF19 both in mRNA and protein levels in these cells. Gain of function and loss of function experiments further proved that PHF19 is a crucial mediator involved in the ovarian cancer progression, including cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and stemness. Importantly, rescue the expression of PHF19 reverted CFG-induced suppression in ovarian cancer cell growth, EMT and stemness, while PHF19 knockdown accelerated CFG's anti-tumor effect. Overall, our results provide a series of evidence to reveal that PHF19 is critical suppressor for CFG's anti-tumor effect in ovarian cancer.

6.
mSphere ; 4(6)2019 11 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694897

RESUMEN

The spread of colistin resistance gene mcr-1 at the animal-human interface remains largely unknown. This work aimed to investigate the molecular characteristics of two extended-spectrum-ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli strains with mcr-1, i.e., strains H8 and H9, isolated from the same mink farmer. In this study, five mcr-positive E. coli strains were isolated from the mink farm. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) identified two genetically unrelated MCR-1 producers (H8 and H9) from the same farmer and two clonally related MCR-1-positive isolates (M5 and M6) from two different mink samples. Additionally, a mcr-1 variant, designated mcr-1.12, was identified in isolate M4. MIC determination revealed that all of the MCR-producing strains exhibited multiresistant phenotypes but showed susceptibility to imipenem, meropenem, amikacin, and tigecycline. Replicon typing showed that mcr-1 was associated with IncHI2 plasmids in 4 cases, while the gene was located on an IncI2 plasmid in 1 case. PacBio sequencing and plasmid analysis confirmed that the mcr-1 gene was located on an ∼204-kb IncHI2 plasmid in H8 and was carried by an ∼61-kb IncI2 plasmid in H9. To our knowledge, this work represents the first report of the occurrence of MCR-producing isolates from mink. Moreover, our report also describes the coexistence of two different MCR-1 producers in the same farmer. It highlights that fur farms can be reservoirs of mcr-1 genes. The identification of mcr-carrying plasmids on a fur farm is of potential public health importance, as it suggests that mcr is widespread in the animal husbandry industry.IMPORTANCE Colistin resistance is a real threat for both human and animal health. The mobile colistin resistance gene mcr has contributed to the persistence and transmission of colistin resistance at the interfaces of animals, humans, and ecosystems. Although mcr genes have usually been recovered from food animals, patients, and healthy humans, transmission of mcr genes at the animal-human interface remains largely unknown. This was the first study to isolate and characterize MCR-producing isolates from mink, as well as to report the coexistence of two different MCR-1 producers in the same farmer. The characterization and analysis of two MCR-1-producing E. coli isolates may have important implications for comprehension of the transmission dynamics of these bacteria. We emphasize the importance of improved multisectorial surveillance of colistin-resistant E. coli in this region.


Asunto(s)
Crianza de Animales Domésticos , Infecciones por Escherichia coli/microbiología , Infecciones por Escherichia coli/veterinaria , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Genotipo , Exposición Profesional , Animales , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple , Electroforesis en Gel de Campo Pulsado , Escherichia coli/clasificación , Escherichia coli/aislamiento & purificación , Agricultores , Humanos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Visón , Tipificación de Secuencias Multilocus , Plásmidos/análisis , Plásmidos/clasificación
7.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 2775-2779, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564927

RESUMEN

A multidrug-resistant Citrobacter freundii strain R17 was isolated from a wastewater treatment plant in China. Whole-genome sequencing of strain R17 revealed a new sequence type (ST412) chromosome (length 5,124,258 bp) and an Inc FII (Yp) group plasmid pCFR17_1 (length 206,820 bp). A total of 13 antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs) that confer resistance to eight different antibiotic groups were encoded by strain R17 and 12 of them were carried by plasmid pCFR17_1. These data and analysis suggest that the environment-derived C. freundii strains may serve as potential sources of ARGs and highlight the need of further surveillance of this bacteria in the future.

8.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1797, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428078

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are one of the major reservoirs for antimicrobial resistant bacteria (ARB) and antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment. Thus, the investigation on ARB and ARGs from WWTPs has attracted increasing attention in recent years. In order to uncover the resistome in a WWTP treating effluents from a pharmaceutical industry in China, the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli strains were isolated and their whole genome sequences were obtained and analyzed. Moreover, metagenomic sequencing was applied to give a comprehensive view of antibiotic resistance in this WWTP. Methods: 18 ESBL-producing E. coli strains were isolated from a WWTP located in Taizhou, China on April, 2017. All strains were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000 sequencer. The whole genome sequences were assembled using SPAdes software and annotated with RAST server. Sequence types (STs), plasmids, ARGs and virulence genes were predicted from the genomes using MLST, Plasmid Finder, ResFinder and Virulence Finder, respectively. Metagenomic DNA of the same sample was extracted and sequenced using Illumina Hiseq X Ten platform. Metagenomic sequences were assembled using SOAPdenovo software. Results: All 18 ESBL-producing E. coli strains were resistant to ampicillin, cefazolin, and ceftriaxone. Analysis of their genomes revealed that all strains carried beta-lactamase encoding genes and the most prevalent type was bla CTX-M . Various virulence genes and ARGs confronting resistance to other types of antimicrobial agents were also predicted. Further investigation on the metagenomics data indicated 11 ARGs with high amino acid identities to the known ARGs. Five of these ARGs, aadA1, aac(6')-lb-cr, flo(R), sul2 and sul1, were also present in the genomes of the ESBL-producing E. coli isolated from the same sample. Conclusion: Our study revealed the resistome of a pharmaceutical WWTP by both culture-dependent and metegenomic methods. The existence of ESBL-producing E. coli strains, indicating that pharmaceutical WWTP can play a significant role in the emergence of ARB. The occurrence of ARGs annotated from the metagenomic data suggests that pharmaceutical WWTP can play a significant role in the emergence of ARGs. Our findings highlight the need for strengthening the active surveillance of ARB and ARGs from pharmaceutical industry.

9.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 74(2): 321-325, 2019 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418551

RESUMEN

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) in faecal samples from dairy cows in China. Methods: In total, 651 faecal samples were collected from cows distributed among the 10 provinces of China. Potential ESBL-EC isolates were cultured on selective medium. The clonal relatedness of the ESBL-EC isolates was assessed using MLST. WGS was conducted on 3 mcr-positive isolates and 14 additional randomly selected ESBL-EC isolates. Southern blot, S1-PFGE and conjugation were performed for mcr-1-carrying isolates. The genetic environment of the pMCR-JLF4 plasmid was also analysed. Results: In total, 290 unique ESBL-EC isolates were detected from 284 cows (43.6%). Alleles of CTX-M were observed in 94.1% (273/290) of all isolates. The most prevalent genotypes observed in this study were blaCTX-M-14, blaCTX-M-15, blaCTX-M-17 and blaCTX-M-55. Differentiation of 79 STs with a polyclonal structure was accomplished using MLST. Clonal complex 10 was the most prevalent major complex detected here. Furthermore, the mcr-1 gene was detected in three isolates. The complete sequence of the mcr-1-containing pMCR-JLF4 was determined. The plasmid was 66.7 kb in length, with a genetic structure of nikA-nikB-mcr-1-pap2. Conjugation analysis confirmed that the mcr-1 gene in pMCR-JLF4 was transferable without the assistance of the ISApl1 gene. Conclusions: The data presented here suggest high prevalence of ESBL-EC in Chinese cow farms. Furthermore, it was clearly demonstrated that commensal E. coli strains can be reservoirs of blaCTX-M genes, potentially contributing to the dissemination and transfer of the mcr-1 gene to pathogenic bacteria among cows.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Escherichia coli/veterinaria , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/clasificación , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Bovinos/microbiología , China , Industria Lechera , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple/genética , Escherichia coli/enzimología , Infecciones por Escherichia coli/microbiología , Heces/microbiología , Femenino , Genotipo , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Tipificación de Secuencias Multilocus , Plásmidos , beta-Lactamasas/genética
10.
Sci Data ; 5: 180222, 2018 11 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398469

RESUMEN

Because of poor differentiation among the members of genus Comamonas using phenotypic methods, human infections caused by C. kerstersii are sporadically reported in the literature. Here, we represent the first complete genome sequence of C. kerstersii 8943, which caused peritonitis in a patient with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The complete genome with no gaps was obtained using third-generation Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) RSII sequencing system with single-molecule real-time (SMRT) analysis. Protein-coding genes, rRNAs and tRNAs were predicted. Functional annotations of the genome using different databases revealed several genes related to pathogenicity including antibiotic resistance genes and prophages. Our work demonstrates that whole genome sequencing can enhance the resolution of clinical investigations and our data can be used as a reference genome during the rapid diagnosis of C. kerstersii infections in the future.


Asunto(s)
Comamonas/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Peritonitis/microbiología , Humanos , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Secuenciación Completa del Genoma
11.
Environ Pollut ; 235: 931-937, 2018 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29358148

RESUMEN

The wide spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in the environment is an emerging environmental issue with potentially-serious public health implications. However, carbapenemase-producing Citrobacter from environment has rarely been investigated. Here we report the isolation and comparative genomics of carbapenemase-producing Citrobacter isolates from river sediment in China. Potential CPE was isolated by selective MacConkey agar plates containing 2 mg/L meropenem. The presence of carbapenemase genes was detected by PCR and sequencing. The clonal relatedness of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC-2)-producing Citrobacter isolates was assessed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing. Plasmid analysis of KPC-2-producing Citrobacter isolates was performed by S1-PFGE, Southern blotting, and whole genome sequencing. A total of four KPC-2-producing Citrobacter and three Aeromonas isolates were recovered from 54 sediment cultures of Shifeng River. Notably, all KPC-producing isolates were isolated from sampling sites near a waste water treatment plant. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that three of the four sequenced isolates (C1710, C191, and C196) resistant to multiple antibiotics. Genotyping and pan-genome analyses revealed that the C191 and C196 C. freundii isolates exhibited a high level of genetic similarity. Plasmid analysis confirmed that the blaKPC-2 gene is located on either IncF or IncN3 plasmids in all isolates. The blaKPC-2 gene of C1710, C181 and C191 was successfully transferred with E. coli EC600 as the recipient strain. In silico analysis further suggested that pKPC-191 is a novel IncF plasmid, with 99% identity to two previously described IncFII plasmids at 71% coverage. We report here the presence of diverse conjugative blaKPC-2 plasmids from environmental Citrobacter isolates, which poses the possible dissemination of antimicrobial resistance into clinical isolates. To our knowledge, this is the first study to culture and characterize KPC-2-producing Citrobacter isolates from river sediments in China.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Bacterianas/biosíntesis , Citrobacter/aislamiento & purificación , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiología , beta-Lactamasas/biosíntesis , Antibacterianos/farmacología , China , Citrobacter/efectos de los fármacos , Citrobacter/enzimología , Citrobacter/genética , ADN Bacteriano , Electroforesis en Gel de Campo Pulsado , Escherichia coli/genética , Genómica , Genotipo , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Tipificación de Secuencias Multilocus , Plásmidos , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa , Ríos/microbiología
12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 803, 2018 01 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29339760

RESUMEN

Metallo-ß-lactamases (MBLs) are a group of enzymes that can inactivate most commonly used ß-lactam-based antibiotics. Among MBLs, New Delhi metallo-ß-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) constitutes an urgent threat to public health as evidenced by its success in rapidly disseminating worldwide since its first discovery. Here we report the biochemical and genetic characteristics of a novel MBL, ElBla2, from the marine bacterium Erythrobacter litoralis HTCC 2594. This enzyme has a higher amino acid sequence similarity to NDM-1 (56%) than any previously reported MBL. Enzymatic assays and secondary structure alignment also confirmed the high similarity between these two enzymes. Whole genome comparison of four Erythrobacter species showed that genes located upstream and downstream of elbla2 were highly conserved, which may indicate that elbla2 was lost during evolution. Furthermore, we predicted two prophages, 13 genomic islands and 25 open reading frames related to insertion sequences in the genome of E. litoralis HTCC 2594. However, unlike NDM-1, the chromosome encoded ElBla2 did not locate in or near these mobile genetic elements, indicating that it cannot transfer between strains. Finally, following our phylogenetic analysis, we suggest a reclassification of E. litoralis HTCC 2594 as a novel species: Erythrobacter sp. HTCC 2594.


Asunto(s)
Organismos Acuáticos/enzimología , Sphingomonadaceae/enzimología , beta-Lactamasas/análisis , beta-Lactamasas/genética , Islas Genómicas , Secuencias Repetitivas Esparcidas , Filogenia , Estructura Secundaria de Proteína , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Homología de Secuencia de Aminoácido , Sphingomonadaceae/clasificación , Sphingomonadaceae/genética , beta-Lactamasas/química
17.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17885, 2017 12 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263349

RESUMEN

We previously described the discovery of two Escherichia coli isolates (EC1002 and EC2474) co-harbouring mcr-1 and bla NDM-1 genes, which were recovered from bloodstream infection in China. More importantly, these antibiotic resistance genes were located on different plasmids and signaling the potential spread of pandrug-resistant bacteria. Here, the complete genome sequences of both isolates were determined using Pacbio RS II and Illumina HiSeq2000 systems. The genome of EC1002 consists of a 5,177,501 base pair chromosome and four circular plasmids, while the genome of EC2474 consists of a 5,013,813 base pair chromosome and three plasmids. The plasmid replicon type of pEC1002_NDM and pEC2474_NDM were identified as IncA/C2 and IncF, respectively. The genetic environment of bla NDM-1 in this study was similar to bla NDM-carrying plasmids detected in China, although the overall nucleotide identity and query coverage were variable. The plasmid replicon type of pEC1002_MCR and pEC2474_MCR were identified as IncI2 and IncHI2, respectively. Two different genetic strategies for mcr-1 gene spread were observed in this study and bla NDM-1 genes were also found transferred by two different mobile genetic elements in two plasmids. The findings of this study further support that the diversified transfer mechanisms of bla NDM-1 and mcr-1 present in Enterobacteriaceae.


Asunto(s)
Bacteriemia/microbiología , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , beta-Lactamasas/genética , China , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana/genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Genómica/métodos , Plásmidos/genética , Secuenciación Completa del Genoma/métodos
18.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 11827, 2017 09 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28928424

RESUMEN

Vibrio fluvialis is recognized as an emerging pathogen. However, not much is known about the mechanism of its pathogenesis, and its adaptation to a special niche such as the gall bladder. Here we describe two V. fluvialis strains that cause acute cholecystitis. It is noteworthy that both strains were susceptible to all antibiotics tested, which is in contrast to previous studies, suggesting substantial genetic diversity among V. fluvialis isolates. In agreement with their survival and growth in the gall bladder, the genomes of strains 12605 and 3663 contain a considerable number of genes that confer resistance to bile, including toxR, omp U, tolC, cmeABC, rlpB, yrbK, rpoS, damX and gltK. Furthermore, integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs), virulence factors and prophage regions were also detected in strains 12605 and 3663, reflecting their flexibility in recombination during the evolution of pathogenicity. Comparative analysis of nine available genomes of V. fluvialis revealed a core genome consisting of 3,147 genes. Our results highlight the association of V. fluvialis with a rare disease profile and shed light on the evolution of pathogenesis and niche adaptation of V. fluvialis.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Bilis/microbiología , Genoma Bacteriano , Vibrio , Factores de Virulencia/genética , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Especificidad de la Especie , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/aislamiento & purificación , Vibrio/patogenicidad , Virulencia/genética
20.
Sci Rep ; 7: 40516, 2017 01 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28134306

RESUMEN

Bacterial translocation (BT) is thought to play an important role in the development of liver cirrhosis, but the mechanisms have not been fully explored. This study aims to investigate the distribution of Treg (CD3+CD4+CD25+Foxp3+), Th17 (CD3+CD4+IL-17+), and Th1 (CD3+CD4+IFN-γ+) cells in the intestinal lamina propria, liver and blood and to explore their relationships with BT. Cirrhotic rats with ascites were induced by CCl4. We found that there were lower levels of total protein and albumin, lower albumin/globulin ratio, lower body weight and higher spleen weight and ascites volume in cirrhotic rats with than without BT. We found that BT may cause increase of Treg cells in the proximal small intestine and decrease of Th17 cells in the whole intestine and blood in cirrhotic rats. It may also aggravate the CCl4-induced decrease in Th1 cells in the whole intestine, liver, caecum, and blood and the CCl4-induced increase in Th17 cells in the liver and Tregs in the distal small intestine, colon, and liver. Our data suggest that BT may aggravate liver injury and decrease liver function via an interaction with CD4+ T Cells. The results of this study may be helpful for the development of new treatments for liver cirrhosis.


Asunto(s)
Traslocación Bacteriana , Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos/inmunología , Cirrosis Hepática/inmunología , Cirrosis Hepática/microbiología , Animales , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Ascitis/patología , Traslocación Bacteriana/efectos de los fármacos , Peso Corporal , Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos/efectos de los fármacos , Tetracloruro de Carbono , Ciego/efectos de los fármacos , Ciego/patología , Inmunidad Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Intestino Delgado/efectos de los fármacos , Intestino Delgado/patología , Hígado/patología , Hígado/fisiopatología , Cirrosis Hepática/inducido químicamente , Cirrosis Hepática/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino , Tamaño de los Órganos , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Bazo/patología , Linfocitos T Reguladores/efectos de los fármacos , Linfocitos T Reguladores/inmunología , Células TH1/efectos de los fármacos , Células TH1/inmunología , Células Th17/efectos de los fármacos , Células Th17/inmunología
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