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1.
Am Surg ; 81(9): 854-8, 2015 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26350660

RESUMEN

Acute care of children remains a challenge due to a shortage of pediatric surgeons, particularly in rural areas. In our institutional norm, all cases in patients age six and older are managed by dedicated general surgeons. The provision of care to these children by these surgeons alleviates the impact of such shortages. We conducted a five-year retrospective analysis of all acute care pediatric surgical cases performed in patients aged 6 to 17 years by a dedicated group of adult general surgeons in a rural tertiary care hospital. Demographics, procedure, complications, outcomes, length of stay, and time of consultation/operation were obtained via chart review. Elective, trauma related, or procedures performed by a pediatric surgeon were excluded. Descriptive statistics are reported. A total of 397 cases were performed by six dedicated general surgeons during the study period. Mean age was 11.5 ± 3.1 years. In all, 100 (25.2%) were transferred from outlying facilities and 52.6 per cent of consultations/operations occurred at night (7P-7A), of which 33.2 per cent occurred during late night hours (11P-7A). On weekends, 34.0 per cent occurred. Appendectomy was the most commonly performed operation (n = 357,89.9%), of which 311 were laparoscopic (87.1%). Others included incision/drainage (4.5%), laparoscopic cholecystectomy (2.0%), bowel resection (1.5%), incarcerated hernia (0.5%), small bowel obstruction (0.5%), intra-abdominal abscess drainage (0.3%), resection of intussusception (0.3%), Graham patch (0.3%), and resection omental torsion (0.3%). Median length of stay was two days. Complications occurred in 23 patients (5.8%), of which 22(5.5%) were the result of the disease process. These results parallel those published by pediatric surgeons in this age group and for the diagnoses treated. Models integrating dedicated general surgeons into pediatric call rotations can be designed such that quality of pediatric care is maintained while providing relief to an overburdened pediatric surgical workforce.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Médicos de Urgencia/organización & administración , Cirugía General , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/organización & administración , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Cirujanos/provisión & distribución , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Operativos/normas , Transición a la Atención de Adultos/normas , Enfermedad Aguda , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pediatría , Estudios Retrospectivos , Cirujanos/normas , Estados Unidos
2.
Microsurgery ; 32(3): 223-6, 2012 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22371199

RESUMEN

A 26-year-old man presented with a nonhealing ulcer on the plantar aspect of the left foot of five years duration. Initial investigations were unremarkable. It was only after careful neurological examination that an inherited neuropathy was suspected. This was confirmed by nerve conduction studies and serum electrophoresis. He subsequently underwent partial great toe amputation for the ulcer and underlying first phalangeal osteomyelitis with uneventful healing. Neuropathic ulcers are usually associated with several well-known disorders including diabetes mellitus, tabes dorsalis, pernicious anemia, and sickle cell disease. A rarer cause is Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMTD). The report gives a review of CMTD and emphasizes that when faced with a nonhealing ulcer in the younger age group, such an underlying hereditary neuropathic cause must be considered.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/diagnóstico , Úlcera del Pie/etiología , Adulto , Enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/complicaciones , Humanos , Masculino
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