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Bioresour Technol ; 330: 125001, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773269


Anaerobic digestion is a long-established technology for the valorization of diverse organic wastes with concomitant generation of valuable resources. However, mono-digestion (i.e., anaerobic digestion using one feedstock) suffers from challenges associated with feedstock characteristics. Co-digestion using multiple feedstocks provides the potential to overcome these limitations. Significant research and development efforts have highlighted several inherent merits of co-digestion, including enhanced digestibility due to synergistic effects of co-substrates, better process stability, and higher nutrient value of the produced co-digestate. However, studies focused on the underlying effects of diverse co-feedstocks on digester performance and stability have not been synthesized so far. This review fills this gap by highlighting the limitations of mono-digestion and critically examining the benefits of co-digestion. Furthermore, this review discusses synergistic effect of co-substrates, characterization of microbial communities, the prediction of biogas production via different kinetic models, and highlights future research directions for the development of a sustainable biorefinery.

Reactores Biológicos , Microbiota , Anaerobiosis , Biocombustibles , Digestión , Metano
Bioresour Technol ; 329: 124916, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730622


Nanobubble technology has significant potential to improve the anaerobic digestion (AD) process by ameliorating the rate-limiting steps of hydrolysis and methanogenesis, as well as providing process stability by reducing sulfide and volatile fatty acid (VFA) levels. Nanobubbles (NB) can enhance substrate accessibility, digestibility, and enzymatic activity due to their minuscule size, high electrostatic interaction, and ability to generate reactive oxygen species. Air- and O2-NB can create a microaerobic environment for higher efficiency of the electron transport system, thereby reducing VFAs through enhanced facultative bacterial activity. Additionally, H2- and CO2-NB can improve hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis. Recently, several studies have employed NB technology in the AD process. There is, however, a lack of concise, synthesized information on NB applications to the AD process. This review provides an in-depth discussion on the NB-integrated AD process and the putative mechanisms involved. General discussions on other potential applications and future research directions are also provided.

Reactores Biológicos , Metano , Anaerobiosis , Ácidos Grasos Volátiles , Hidrólisis