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1.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(6): 840-844, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583741

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: To clarify the pathology of children with acute encephalopathy and other neurological disorders, the involvement of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is a representative of danger-associated molecular patterns, and angiogenesis-related growth factors were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were 12 children with acute encephalopathy (influenza, rotavirus, and others), 7 with bacterial meningitis, and 6 with epilepsy disease (West syndrome). Twenty-four patients with non-central nervous system (CNS) infections as a control group were admitted to our hospital. We examined the levels of HMGB1, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and other cytokines in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the subjects. RESULTS: Serum and CSF HMGB1 levels were significantly higher in the encephalopathy and meningitis groups than in the West syndrome and control groups. CSF HMGB1 levels correlated with those of interleukin-6 and -8. CSF HMGB1 and VEGF levels were correlated, and PDGF showed a positive relationship. CONCLUSION: HMGB1 and angiogenesis-related growth factors appear to play pivotal roles in the pathophysiology of CNS infections.

3.
J Child Neurol ; 35(10): 667-673, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476572

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Migraines are a broad spectrum of disorders classified by the type of aura with some requiring attentive treatment. Vasoconstrictors, including triptans, should be avoided in the acute phase of migraines with brainstem aura, in hemiplegic migraine, and in retinal migraine. This study investigated the characteristics and burden of these migraines. METHODS: Medical charts of 278 Japanese pediatric patients with migraines were retrospectively reviewed. Migraine burden of migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine was assessed using the Headache Impact Test-6™ (HIT-6) and the Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment scale (PedMIDAS). RESULTS: Of 278 patients screened, 12 (4.3%) patients with migraines with brainstem aura (n = 5), hemiplegic migraines (n = 2), and retinal migraine (n = 5) were enrolled in the study. All patients had migraine with/without typical aura, whereas some patients had coexisting migraine with another type of headache (chronic tension-type headache in 3 patients, and 1 each with frequent episodic tension-type headache, headache owing to medication overuse, and chronic migraine). Migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine patients with coexisting headaches had higher HIT-6 or PedMIDAS scores, whereas migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine patients without coexisting headache did not show high HIT-6 or PedMIDAS scores. CONCLUSION: All migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine patients experienced migraine with or without typical aura, and some patients having other coexisting headaches also had high PedMIDAS and HIT-6 scores. PedMIDAS and HIT-6 should not be considered diagnostic indicators of migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, or retinal migraine. In clinical practice for headaches in children, careful history taking and proactive assessment of the aura are needed for accurate diagnosis of migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine.

4.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 46(2): 328-336, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958879

RESUMEN

AIM: Although the procedure of abdominal trachelectomy has been remarkably improved, preventing subsequent cervical stenosis remains challenging. In this study, we analyzed the clinicopathological risk factors for cervical stenosis to explore the appropriate surgical procedures for the prevention of cervical stenosis following trachelectomy. METHODS: Thirty-two patients who underwent abdominal extended and radical trachelectomy were assessed retrospectively (median follow-up period = 33 months). To evaluate the risk factors, the clinicopathological factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. The reconstructed uterine length (UtL), that is, the length between the vaginal end of the neo-cervix and the uterine fundus, was measured by transvaginal ultrasound after surgery. The cut-off value for the UtL was assessed by a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: Cervical stenosis of any grade was observed in 12 patients (grade 1 = 9, grade 3b = 3). Among the various clinicopathological factors, the UtL and cervical length (CL) were significantly related to cervical stenosis following trachelectomy. The multivariate analysis revealed that the UtL, but not CL, is an independent risk factor for stenosis. The ROC curve analysis revealed that stenosis was significantly more likely to occur in patients with a UtL shorter than 53 mm (area under the ROC curve = 0.902). UtL in the patients who became pregnant was longer than that in the patients who did not. No evidence of recurrent cancer was observed during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Our proposed method may provide a functional reconstructed uterus with preserving fertility by remaining UtL more than 53 mm.


Asunto(s)
Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Traquelectomía/efectos adversos , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/cirugía , Adulto , Constricción Patológica/etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Japón/epidemiología , Tratamientos Conservadores del Órgano , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Embarazo , Índice de Embarazo , Traquelectomía/métodos
5.
J Child Neurol ; 35(3): 208-214, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709864

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine whether granzymes are implicated in the pathogenesis of infection-associated acute encephalopathy (AE). METHODS: We investigated granzyme and cytokine levels in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with acute encephalopathy or complex febrile seizures (cFS). A total of 24 acute encephalopathy patients and 22 complex febrile seizures patients were included in the present study. Levels of granzymes A and B were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA), IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were assessed using the Bio-Plex suspension array system. RESULTS: Cerebrospinal fluid levels of granzyme A were significantly higher, and those of TNF-α and IL-1RA were significantly lower in the AE group than in the cFS group; however, no significant differences in the levels of granzyme B, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were observed between the 2 groups. In addition, no significant differences in granzyme A, granzyme B, or cytokine levels were observed between acute encephalopathy patients with and those without neurologic sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate the involvement of granzyme A in the pathogenesis of acute encephalopathy.

7.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 83(6): 600-607, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29982252

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND/AIM: We demonstrated that AT1 and AT2 are expressed and both pathways balance the renin-angiotensin system in endometriosis. MAS1, a specific receptor of angiotensin (1-7), opposes AT1 pathway-associated tissue remodelling. It is not known whether MAS1 has an effect on the pathogenesis of endometriosis or not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ovarian endometriotic tissues (endo-Ov) and eutopic endometrial tissues (endo-Em) were obtained from 29 patients with endometrial cysts. Normal endometrial tissues (cont-Em) were obtained from patients without endometriosis. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for MAS1, AT1 and AT2 in the endometriosis-associated tissues. The mRNA levels of these receptors were examined by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: MAS1 was immune-positive at the apical side of the glandular epithelium in the endometriotic lesions. The MAS1 mRNA levels in endo-Ov were increased significantly, irrespective of the menstrual cycle phase. The MAS1 mRNA levels were significantly higher in the proliferative-tissues of the endometriosis patients than in those of the controls. The ratio of the MAS1 to the AT1 mRNA in the proliferative tissues was increased predominantly in the endometriosis patients compared with that in the controls. CONCLUSION: High MAS1 expression in the endometrium might promote the initiation of endometriosis via migration of proliferative tissue.


Asunto(s)
Endometriosis/metabolismo , Endometrio/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas/metabolismo , Receptor de Angiotensina Tipo 2/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Adulto , Endometriosis/patología , Endometrio/patología , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Proteínas de Transporte de Membrana/metabolismo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ovario/metabolismo , Ovario/patología , Reacción en Cadena en Tiempo Real de la Polimerasa , Adulto Joven
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