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1.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 117: 105210, 2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37812974

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine utilisation of primary health care services (subsidised by the Australian Government, Medicare Benefits Schedule, MBS) before and after entry into long-term care (LTC) in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of older people (aged ≥65 years) who entered LTC in Australia between 2012 and 2016 using the Historical Cohort of the Registry of Senior Australians. MBS-subsidised general attendances (general practitioner (GP), medical and nurse practitioners), health assessment and management plans, allied health, mental health services and selected specialist attendances accessed in 91-day periods 12 months before and after LTC entry were examined. Adjusted relative changes in utilisation 0-3 months before and after LTC entry were estimated using risk ratios (RR) calculated using Generalised Estimating Equation Poisson models. RESULTS: 235,217 residents were included in the study with a median age of 84 years (interquartile range 79-89) and 61.1% female. In the first 3 months following LTC entry, GP / medical practitioner attendances increased from 86.6% to 95.6% (aRR 1.10 95%CI 1.10-1.11), GP / medical practitioner urgent after hours (from 12.3% to 21.1%; aRR 1.72, 95%CI 1.70-1.74) and after-hours attendances (from 18.5% to 33.8%; aRR 1.83, 95%CI 1.81-1.84) increased almost two-fold. Pain, palliative and geriatric specialist medicine attendances were low in the 3 months prior (<3%) and decreased further following LTC admission. CONCLUSION: There is an opportunity to improve the utilisation of primary health care services following LTC entry to ensure that residents' increasingly complex care needs are adequately met.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Anciano , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Masculino , Australia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Atención Primaria de Salud
2.
Australas J Ageing ; 42(1): 159-164, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912507

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence, trends, and differences between age groups and sex in Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS)-subsidised mental health service utilisation by older Australians over the past 10 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study between 1 July 2009 and 30 June 2019 was conducted using publicly available MBS data for older individuals aged ≥65 years. Age- and sex-standardised yearly incidence rates of psychological therapy (MBS M06), GP mental health treatments (MBS A20), focussed psychological strategy (MBS M07), and psychiatric attendances (MBS A08) and incidence rate ratios (IRR) estimated using Poisson regression were calculated. RESULTS: Overall, the rate of utilisation of primary care mental health services by the older population increased over the study period, with psychological therapy claims increasing the greatest from 14.4/1000 older persons in 2009/10 to 38.5/1000 in 2018/19 (IRR 1.11, 95% CI 1.09-1.13), followed by GP mental health treatments increasing from 43.7/1000 (95% CI 43.4-43.9) in 2009/10 to 81.0/1000 (95% CI 80.7-81.3) in 2018/19 (IRR 1.07/year, 95% CI 1.06-1.09). Females aged 65-74 years had the highest use of GP mental health treatments at 123.8/1000 compared to 63.6/1000 in males in 2018/2019. CONCLUSIONS: While utilisation of mental health services by the older population in Australia has increased over the study period, it is important that policymakers and service providers continue to support access and use of these services, which may facilitate well-being and quality of life in the older population.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Calidad de Vida , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Humanos , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Australia/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Programas Nacionales de Salud
3.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 975-986, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29844664

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Residents of aged care facilities use increasingly complex medication regimens. Reducing unnecessary medication regimen complexity (eg, by consolidating the number of administration times or using alternative formulations) may benefit residents and staff. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an implicit tool to facilitate medication regimen simplification in aged care facilities. METHOD: A purposively selected multidisciplinary expert panel used modified nominal group technique to identify and prioritize factors important in determining whether a medication regimen can be simplified. The five prioritized factors were formulated as questions, pilot-tested using non-identifiable medication charts and refined by panel members. The final tool was validated by two clinical pharmacists who independently applied the tool to a random sample of 50 residents of aged care facilities to identify opportunities for medication regimen simplification. Inter-rater agreement was calculated using Cohen's kappa. RESULTS: The Medication Regimen Simplification Guide for Residential Aged CarE (MRS GRACE) was developed as an implicit tool comprising of five questions about 1) the resident; 2) regulatory and safety requirements; 3) drug interactions; 4) formulation; and 5) facility and follow-up considerations. Using MRS GRACE, two pharmacists independently simplified medication regimens for 29/50 and 30/50 residents (Cohen's kappa=0.38, 95% CI 0.12-0.64), respectively. Simplification was possible for all residents with five or more administration times. Changing an administration time comprised 75% of the two pharmacists' recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: Using MRS GRACE, two clinical pharmacists independently simplified over half of residents' medication regimens with fair agreement. MRS GRACE is a promising new tool to guide medication regimen simplification in aged care.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos Clínicos , Atención a la Salud/normas , Guías como Asunto , Administración del Tratamiento Farmacológico/organización & administración , Farmacéuticos/normas , Medicamentos bajo Prescripción/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
4.
JGH Open ; 1(3): 84-91, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30483542

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: To investigate the quality of and reasons for referrals of patients with likely functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) and explore patients' experience of clinical management. METHODS: A cross sectional, mixed-methods study was undertaken. Referrals (July 2013-2015) to one gastroenterology outpatient department triaged as "likely FGID", the referred patients and their referring primary healthcare providers were examined. RESULTS: A total of 69% of patients reported not yet receiving an initial diagnosis, 52% reported persistent/distressing symptoms or reduced quality of life, 24% feared missed or worsening pathology, and 35% were seeking repeat specialist consultation. Most patients were dissatisfied (40%) or only partially satisfied (36%) with current management. Dissatisfaction was significantly related to the lack of provision of a diagnosis and effective treatment options (P < 0.001). Referral quality was poor and with the reason for referral clearly communicated in only 25%. Common referral reasons included repeat presentations (n = 32), diagnostic uncertainty (n = 19), to ensure nothing is missed (n = 19), patient request (n = 17), no response to treatment (n = 16), and to allay patient fears (n = 14). A total of 28/60 primary healthcare providers were confident that their patient had a FGID, yet sought confirmation (n = 16), second opinion (n = 8), or advice (n = 4). CONCLUSION: Current management of FGID in usual care is suboptimal, as evidenced by the tertiary referral load, patient dissatisfaction, and the lack of provision of diagnoses and effective treatment options. Some clinicians lack confidence in effectively identifying and managing these conditions. Resources and supports to equip and assist clinicians to identify and manage FGID successfully may enhance patient care.

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