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1.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 166, 2021 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771229

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Traditional coronary artery disease risk factors are well established and help risk stratify most patients presenting with chest pain syndromes. Young patients (under age 30 years) without other risk factors are thought to be at very low risk of coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndromes. CASE PRESENTATION: We highlight the case of a 27-year-old Afro-Caribbean male who presented to hospital with chest pain and was discharged from the emergency room because he was thought to be low risk for ischemic heart disease. Laboratory investigations subsequently confirmed acute coronary syndrome. He was found to have an anomalous right coronary artery with a malignant origin running between the aorta and pulmonary artery eventually requiring surgical correction. Anomalous origins of the coronary arteries are rare causes of acute coronary syndromes, chest pain, and sudden cardiac death. CONCLUSION: Our patient could have easily had an adverse outcome as his diagnosis was missed by the initial treating physician. It is important to consider anomalous coronary artery origin in the evaluation of young symptomatic patients who may be otherwise low risk and not have traditional risk factors for ischemic heart disease.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Coronario Agudo , Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios , Infarto del Miocardio , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/etiología , Adulto , Dolor en el Pecho/etiología , Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios/complicaciones , Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios/cirugía , Humanos , Masculino
2.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 8: 2324709620921626, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389028

RESUMEN

The quadricuspid aortic valve is an exceedingly rare congenital valvular anomaly, characterized by a tetrad of leaflets that typically presents with aortic regurgitation. Almost one third of cases are associated with coexisting cardiac defects with one fifth warranting surgical intervention. In this article, we describe the first documented-in-Caribbean case and present a brief clinical review of its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia de la Válvula Aórtica/etiología , Válvula Aórtica/anomalías , Válvula Aórtica Cuadricúspide/diagnóstico , Adulto , Válvula Aórtica/cirugía , Ecocardiografía , Electrocardiografía , Humanos , Masculino , Válvula Aórtica Cuadricúspide/cirugía , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Trinidad y Tobago
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