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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 332: 125101, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858757

RESUMEN

Recently, anaerobic self-forming dynamic membrane bioreactors (AnSFDMBRs) have attracted increasing attention, and are considered as an alternative to conventional anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs). The key advantages of AnSFDMBRs include high flux, low propensity towards fouling, and low capital and operational costs. Although there have been several reviews on AnMBRs, very few reviews on AnSFDMBR system. Previous AnSFDMBR studies have focused on lab-scale to investigate the long-term flux, methods to improve performance and the associated mechanisms. Microbial analysis showed that the phyla namely Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes are dominant in both bulk sludge and cake biofilm, but their abundance is low in biocake. This review critically examines the fundamentals of AnSFDMBRs, operational conditions, process optimization and applications. Moreover, the current knowledge gaps (e.g., dynamic membrane module optimization, membrane surface modification and functional microbes enrichment) that should be studied in future to design an efficient AnSFDMBR system for treatment of diverse wastewaters.


Asunto(s)
Membranas Artificiales , Purificación del Agua , Anaerobiosis , Reactores Biológicos , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Aguas Residuales
2.
Bioresour Technol ; 331: 125024, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814292

RESUMEN

Growing consumption of fossil reserves to meet the rising demand of energy has led to climate deterioration and simultaneous waste generation, urging modern society to find sustainable energy resource that can meet the growing energy demands and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprints. In this aspect, hydrogen (H2) is one of the most promising sustainable clean fuels that has gained significant interest in recent years. This article highlights the major research progress on biohydrogen production from renewable bioresources such as organic wastes, lignocellulosic biomass, algal biomass, and industrial wastewaters. It summarizes the research highlights of manuscripts published in the special issue (VSI: ReBioH2-2020), which contains twenty-two articles, including seven critical reviews and fifteen research articles, focusing on biotechnological and thermochemical routes for biohydrogen production from renewable feedstocks. The major findings of the research works in this special issue can be used as a road-map for sustainable renewable hydrogen production from bioresources.


Asunto(s)
Biocombustibles , Hidrógeno , Biocombustibles/análisis , Biomasa , Fermentación , Hidrógeno/análisis , Aguas Residuales
3.
Waste Manag ; 125: 67-76, 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684666

RESUMEN

Bioponics integrates the biological treatment of nutrient-rich waste streams with hydroponics. However, there are several challenges of bioponics, especially nutrient availability and qualities, which affect plant yield. In this study, chicken manure based-nutrient film technique bioponics was examined at manure loadings of 200, 300, and 400 g dry wt. per bioponic system (total of 18 plants). Bioponics effectively released nitrogen and phosphorus (total ammonia nitrogen of 5.8-8.0 mgN/L, nitrate of 7.0-11.2 mgN/L, and phosphate of 48.7-74.2 mgP/L) for efficient growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa; total yield of 1208-2030 g wet wt. per 18 plants). Nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiencies were 35.1-41.8% and 6.8-8.0%, respectively, and were comparable to aquaponics. Next-generation sequencing was used to examine the microbial communities in digested chicken manure and plant roots in bioponics. Results showed that several microbial genera were associated with organic degradation (e.g., Nocardiopsis spp., Cellvibrio spp.), nitrification (Nitrospira spp.), phosphorus solubilization, and plant growth promotion (e.g., WD2101_soil_group, and Bacillus spp.). Nocardiopsis spp., Romboutsia spp. and Saccharomonospora spp. were found at high abundances and a high degree of co-occurrences among the microbiota, suggesting that the microbial organic decomposition to nitrogen and phosphorus release could be the key factors to achieve better nutrient recovery in bioponics.


Asunto(s)
Estiércol , Microbiota , Animales , Pollos , Nitrógeno/análisis , Fósforo
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 329: 124916, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730622

RESUMEN

Nanobubble technology has significant potential to improve the anaerobic digestion (AD) process by ameliorating the rate-limiting steps of hydrolysis and methanogenesis, as well as providing process stability by reducing sulfide and volatile fatty acid (VFA) levels. Nanobubbles (NB) can enhance substrate accessibility, digestibility, and enzymatic activity due to their minuscule size, high electrostatic interaction, and ability to generate reactive oxygen species. Air- and O2-NB can create a microaerobic environment for higher efficiency of the electron transport system, thereby reducing VFAs through enhanced facultative bacterial activity. Additionally, H2- and CO2-NB can improve hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis. Recently, several studies have employed NB technology in the AD process. There is, however, a lack of concise, synthesized information on NB applications to the AD process. This review provides an in-depth discussion on the NB-integrated AD process and the putative mechanisms involved. General discussions on other potential applications and future research directions are also provided.


Asunto(s)
Reactores Biológicos , Metano , Anaerobiosis , Ácidos Grasos Volátiles , Hidrólisis
5.
Water Res ; 191: 116808, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454651

RESUMEN

Ciprofloxacin (CIP), one of the most widely used fluoroquinolone antibiotics, is frequently detected in the effluents of wastewater treatment plants and aquatic environments. In this study, a CIP-degrading bacterial strain was isolated from the sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB)-enriched sludge, identified as Paraclostridium sp. (i.e., strain S2). The effects of critical operational parameters on CIP removal by the strain S2 were systematically studied and these parameters were optimized via response surface methodology to maximize CIP removal. Furthermore, the pathway and kinetics of CIP removal were investigated by varying the initial CIP concentrations (from 0.1 to 20 mg/L). The CIP removal was characterized by rapid sorption followed by biotransformation with a specific biotransformation rate of 1975.7 ± 109.1 µg/g-cell dry weight/h at an initial CIP concentration of 20 mg/L. Based on the main transformation products, several biotransformation pathways have been proposed including piperazine ring cleavage, OH/F substitution, decarboxylation, and hydroxylation as the major transformation reactions catalyzed by cytochrome P450 and dehydrogenases. Acute toxicity assessment apparently shows that CIP biotransformation by strain S2 resulted in the formation of less toxic intermediates. To the best of our knowledge, this is the very first study in which a key functional microbe, Paraclostridium sp., highly effective in CIP biotransformation, was isolated from SRB-enriched sludge. The findings of this study could facilitate in developing appropriate bioaugmentation strategy, and in designing and operating an SRB-based engineered process for treating CIP-laden wastewater.


Asunto(s)
Ciprofloxacino , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Antibacterianos , Bacterias , Ciprofloxacino/análisis , Sulfatos , Aguas Residuales
6.
Water Res ; 190: 116721, 2021 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326896

RESUMEN

Intermittent (every other day) microaerobic [picomolar oxygen by oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) set at +25 mV above anaerobic baseline] digestion of lignocellulosic biomass showed higher digestibility and better stability at a high organic loading rate (OLR) of 5 g volatile solids (VS)/L/d than that under strict anaerobic conditions. However, the microbial mechanisms supporting the delicate balance under microaeration remain underexplored. On the basis of our previous findings that microbial communities in replicate experiments were dominated by strains of the genus Proteiniphilum but contained diverse taxa of methanogenic archaea, here we recovered related genomes and reconstructed the putative metabolic pathways using a genome-centric metagenomic approach. The highly enriched Proteiniphilum strains were identified as efficient cellulolytic facultative bacterium, which directly degraded lignocellulose to carbon dioxide, formate, and acetate via aerobic respiration and anaerobic fermentation, alternatively. Moreover, high oxygen affinity cytochromes, bd-type terminal oxidases, in Proteiniphilum strains were found to be closely associated with such picomolar oxygen conditions, which has long been overlooked in anaerobic digestion. Furthermore, hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis was the prevalent pathway for methane production while Methanosarcina, Methanobrevibacter, and Methanocorpusculum were the dominant methanogens in the replicate experiments. Importantly, the two functional groups, namely cellulolytic facultative Proteiniphilum strains and methanogens, encoded various antioxidant enzymes. Energy-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers (superoxide reductase (SOR) and rubrerythrin (rbr) were ubiquitously present in different methanogenic taxa in response to replicate-specific ORP levels (-470, -450 and -475 mV). Collectively, cytochrome bd oxidase and ROS defenders may play roles in improving the digestibility and stability observed in intermittent microaerobic digestion.


Asunto(s)
Citocromos , Metano , Anaerobiosis , Biomasa , Reactores Biológicos , Citocromos/metabolismo , Lignina , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno
7.
Environ Int ; 146: 106265, 2020 Nov 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227585

RESUMEN

Ibuprofen (IBU) is one of the frequently detected non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and aquatic environment. However, little is known about the effect of IBU and its biotransformation products (TPs) on different biological sludge systems and aquatic environment. The effects and toxicity of IBU and TPs on three biological sludge systems (i.e., activated sludge (AS), sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB)-enriched sludge and anaerobic methanogenic (AnM) sludge systems) and aquatic environment were comprehensively evaluated through a long-term operation of three bioreactors and a series of batch experiments. Both of the SRB-enriched sludge and AnM sludge systems were not affected under a long-term exposure to IBU, based on removing organic carbon and sulfur and producing methane. This could be attributed to the high tolerance of functional microbes in the SRB-enriched sludge (e.g., genus Desulfobacter) and AnM sludge systems (e.g., genus Candidatus Methanomethylicus) for IBU. In contrast, IBU had some apparently inhibitory effects on the AS system, such as reduced organic removal efficiency and poor sludge settling. The analysis on microbial community revealed that IBU significantly inhibited the genera involved in organic degradation (e.g., genus Candidatus Competibacter) and also stimulated those genera (e.g., genus Brachymonas) to secret excess extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), which thus caused sludge bulking in the AS system. The toxicity of IBU and its TPs in the effluent of the AS system was also investigated with Vibrio fischeri bioluminescence inhibition tests and quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) analysis by ecological structure-activity relationship (ECOSAR) program. The results indicated that the AS system could effectively eliminate the acute toxicity of both IBU and TPs, but a potential chronic toxicity of IBU could still existed, which could be more harmful to aquatic organisms than that of its TPs. These findings provide an insight into the toxic effects of IBU and its TPs on biological sludge systems and ecosystem.

10.
Waste Manag ; 117: 58-80, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805602

RESUMEN

Population growth and unprecedented economic growth and urbanization, especially in low- and middle-income countries, coupled with extreme weather patterns, the high-environmental footprint of agricultural practices, and disposal-oriented waste management practices, require significant changes in the ways we produce food, feed and fuel, and manage enormous amounts of organic wastes. Farming insects such as the black soldier fly (BSF) (Hermetia illucens) on diverse organic wastes provides an opportunity for producing nutrient-rich animal feed, fuel, organic fertilizer, and biobased products with concurrent valorization of wastes. Inclusion of BSF larvae/pupae in the diets of poultry, fish, and swine has shown promise as a potential substitute of conventional feed ingredients such as soybean meal and fish meal. Moreover, the bioactive compounds such as antimicrobial peptides, medium chain fatty acids, and chitin and its derivatives present in BSF larvae/pupae, could also add values to the animal diets. However, to realize the full potential of BSF-based biorefining, more research and development efforts are necessary for scaling up the production and processing of BSF biomass using more mechanized and automated systems. More studies are also needed to ensure the safety of the BSF biomass grown on various organic wastes for animal feed (also food) and legalizing the feed application of BSF biomass to wider categories of animals. This critical review presents the current status of the BSF technology, identifies the research gaps, highlights the challenges towards industrial scale production, and provides future perspectives.


Asunto(s)
Dípteros , Eliminación de Residuos , Simuliidae , Alimentación Animal , Animales , Dieta , Larva , Porcinos
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 301: 122711, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927459

RESUMEN

This study examined the use of biochar to alleviate sulfide toxicity to methane producing archaea (MPA) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) during anaerobic treatment of sulfate-rich wastewater with concomitant sulfur recovery. At the sulfate concentration of 6000 mg SO42-/L, the dissolved sulfide (DS) of 131 mg S/L resulted in total volatile fatty acids concentration of 3500 mg/L as acetic acid (HAc) and the reactors were on the verge of failure. Biochar removed >98% of H2S(g), 94% of DS, and 89% of unionized sulfide (H2Saq). 16S rRNA analysis revealed that after sulfide removal the relative abundance of MPA (Methanobacterium and Methanosaeta) increased from 0.7% to 3.7%, while the relative abundance of SRB (Desulfovibrio) decreased from 9.3% to 0.5% indicating that the reactor recovered to stable state. This study showed that biochar could effectively remove H2S from biogas, alleviate sulfide toxicity to MPA and SRB, and promote stability of the anaerobic process.


Asunto(s)
Reactores Biológicos , Aguas Residuales , Anaerobiosis , Carbón Orgánico , Metano , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Sulfatos , Sulfuros , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 299: 122565, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865150

RESUMEN

The potential for microbial protein production in the mixture of yellow wine lees and rice soaking wastewater was examined. Strong symbiotic effect was observed in fermentation with yeast-fungus mixed culture of Candida utilis and Geochichum candidum at a ratio of 1:1 (v/v). The maximum specific biomass yield of 4.91 ± 0.48 g final biomass/g initial biomass with a protein content of 68.5 ± 1.0% was achieved at inoculum-to-substrate ratio of 10% (v/v) and aeration rate of 1.0 volumeair/volumeliquid/min. The essential amino acids contents of the derived protein were comparable to commercial protein sources with high amounts of methionine (2.87%, based on total protein). The reduction in soluble chemical oxygen demand of 79.4 ± 0.4% was mainly due to uptake of carbohydrate, soluble protein, volatile fatty acids, amino acids, etc. The application of mixed yeast-fungus technology provides a new opportunity for microbial protein production from these low-value organic residue streams.


Asunto(s)
Vino , Análisis de la Demanda Biológica de Oxígeno , Biomasa , Fermentación , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
14.
Water Res ; 170: 115303, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751892

RESUMEN

Ibuprofen (IBU), a common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is widely used by humans for controlling fever and pain, and is frequently detected in the influent of wastewater treatment plants and different aquatic environments. In this study, the biotransformation of IBU in activated sludge (AS), anaerobic methanogenic sludge (AnMS) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB)-enriched sludge systems was investigated at three different concentrations of 100, 500 and 1000 µg/L via a series of batch and continuous studies. IBU at concentration of 100 µg/L was effectively biodegraded by AS whereas AnMS and SRB-enriched sludge were less effective in IBU biodegradation at all concentrations tested. However, at higher IBU concentrations of 500 and 1000 µg/L, AS showed poor IBU biodegradation and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal due to inhibition of aerobic heterotrophic bacteria (i.e., Candidatus Competibacter) by IBU and/or IBU biotransformation products. The microbial analyses showed that IBU addition shifted the microbial community structure in AS, AnMS and SRB-enriched sludge systems, however, the removals of COD, nitrogen and sulfur in both anaerobic sludge systems were not affected significantly (p > 0.05). The findings of this study provided a new insight into biotransformation of IBU in three important biological sludge systems.


Asunto(s)
Ibuprofeno , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Biodegradación Ambiental , Biotransformación , Aguas Residuales
15.
Water Res ; 166: 115080, 2019 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541792

RESUMEN

This study developed an intermittent oxidation-reduction potential (ORP)-controlled micro-aeration system for high solids anaerobic digestion (AD) of lignocellulosic biomass without volatile fatty acids (VFA) accumulation at high organic loading rate (OLR). Traditional AD of Napier grass, a model lignocellulosic biomass, at an OLR of 5 g volatile solids (VS)/L/day resulted in an accumulation of total VFA concentration up to 9.2 g/L as acetic acid (HAc) equivalent, causing rapid drops in pH and methane yield, and driving the digester to the verge of failure. Once intermittent (every 24 h) ORP-controlled micro-aeration (at ORP of -470 mV) was initiated, the total VFA concentration rapidly decreased to 3.0 g HAc/L and the methane yield improved, resulting in stable digester performance without the need for alkalinity supplementation or OLR reduction. By combining reactor performance results, mass balance analyses, microbial community characterization data, and a bioenergetic evaluation, this study suggested that rapid VFA conversion and CH4 production were carried out by facultative anaerobes and hydrogenotrophic methanogens under micro-aerobic conditions. This novel operating approach can be applied as an effective control strategy for high OLR AD processes especially in the event of VFA accumulation.


Asunto(s)
Reactores Biológicos , Ácidos Grasos Volátiles , Anaerobiosis , Biomasa , Metano
16.
Water Res ; 162: 409-419, 2019 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299428

RESUMEN

The pyrolysis kinetics of sewage sludge was studied to determine the constituent of sludge and explore the feasibility of pyrolytic post-treatment. Both flocculent sludge and granular sludge were pyrolysed in a thermogravimetric analyser under inert atmospheric conditions. The pyrolysis of granular sludge and flocculent sludge were described by three parallel reactions model with three individual pseudo-components. The decomposition activation energy values of the three pseudo-components were determined by iso-conversional methods to be 263.97 kJ/mol, 257.18 kJ/mol and 153.61 kJ/mol in flocculent sludge and 139.89 kJ/mol, 228.78 kJ/mol and 142.78 kJ/mol in granular sludge, respectively. Granular sludge exhibited better thermal stability but lower devolatilisation activation energy than flocculent sludge, which could be attributed by enriched alkali and alkaline metals during granulation. Master plots of experimental data sets suggested that the decomposition of all organic pseudo-components of flocculent sludge followed the nth-order mechanism while the pyrolytic mechanism of the first organic fraction in granular sludge coincided with random nucleation and nuclei growth. By investigating the pyrolytic behaviour, this study sheds light on the composition of granular sludge and the impact of sludge components on granular sludge pyrolysis, and lays the foundation for the treatment of waste granular sludge with potential for resource and energy recovery in the near future.


Asunto(s)
Pirólisis , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Cinética
17.
Water Res ; 161: 191-201, 2019 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195335

RESUMEN

In this study, we examined eight typical and widely detected pharmaceuticals (PhAs) removal in an anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) sludge system (five antibiotics: sulfadiazine (SD), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), trimethoprim (TMP), ciprofloxacin (CIP) and enoxacin (ENO), and three nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): ibuprofen (IBU), ketoprofen (KET) and diclofenac (DIC)). The results showed that the SRB sludge had the higher removal efficacy (20 to 90%) for antibiotics (SD, SMX, TMP, CIP and ENO) than NSAIDs (<20%) via adsorption and biodegradation under different operating conditions. Based on a series of batch studies, fluoroquinolone antibiotics (CIP and ENO) were instantly (<15 min) removed (∼98%) via adsorption on SRB sludge with adsorption coefficient (Kd) as high as 25.3 ±â€¯1.8 L/g-suspended solids (SS). And thermodynamics results indicated that the adsorption of CIP and ENO on SRB sludge was spontaneous (Gibbs free energy change (ΔG°) <0 kJ/mol), exothermic (enthalpy change (ΔH°) <0 kJ/mol), and the adsorption process involved both physisorption and chemisorption (absolute value of ΔH°â€¯= 20 to 80 kJ/mol). Three widely prescribed antibiotics (SMX, TMP and CIP) were further investigated for their possible biodegradation pathways along with functional enzymes involved through a series of batch experiments. The biotransformation intermediates indicated that biotransformations of SMX and CIP in SRB sludge system could be initiated from the cleavage of isoxazole and piperazinyl rings catalyzed by sulfite reductase (SR) and cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes, respectively. TMP was likely biotransformed via O-demethylation and N-acetylation coupled with hydroxylation reactions with CYP450 enzymes as the main functional enzymes. This study provided new insight into PhAs removal in SRB sludge system, and has significant potential of implementing sulfur-mediated biological process for the treatment of PhAs containing wastewater.


Asunto(s)
Aguas del Alcantarillado , Sulfametoxazol , Anaerobiosis , Bacterias , Sulfatos
18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(13): 7234-7264, 2019 07 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244081

RESUMEN

Antibiotics, the most frequently prescribed drugs of modern medicine, are extensively used for both human and veterinary applications. Antibiotics from different wastewater sources (e.g., municipal, hospitals, animal production, and pharmaceutical industries) ultimately are discharged into wastewater treatment plants. Sorption and biodegradation are the two major removal pathways of antibiotics during biological wastewater treatment processes. This review provides the fundamental insights into sorption mechanisms and biodegradation pathways of different classes of antibiotics with diverse physical-chemical attributes. Important factors affecting sorption and biodegradation behavior of antibiotics are also highlighted. Furthermore, this review also sheds light on the critical role of extracellular polymeric substances on antibiotics adsorption and their removal in engineered biological wastewater treatment systems. Despite major advancements, engineered biological wastewater treatment systems are only moderately effective (48-77%) in the removal of antibiotics. In this review, we systematically summarize the behavior and removal of different antibiotics in various biological treatment systems with discussion on their removal efficiency, removal mechanisms, critical bioreactor operating conditions affecting antibiotics removal, and recent innovative advancements. Besides, relevant background information including antibiotics classification, physical-chemical properties, and their occurrence in the environment from different sources is also briefly covered. This review aims to advance our understanding of the fate of various classes of antibiotics in engineered biological wastewater treatment systems and outlines future research directions.


Asunto(s)
Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Antibacterianos , Biodegradación Ambiental , Humanos , Aguas Residuales
19.
Bioresour Technol ; 284: 128-138, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927650

RESUMEN

Anaerobic digestion (AD) of lignocellulosic biomass has received significant attention for bioenergy production in recent years. However, hydrolysis is a rate-limiting in AD of such feedstock. In this study, effects of hydrothermal pretreatment of Napier grass, a model lignocellulosic biomass, on methane yield were examined through series of batch and semi-continuous studies. In batch studies, the highest methane yield of 248.2 ±â€¯5.5 NmL CH4/g volatile solids (VS)added was obtained from the biomass pretreated at 175 °C, which was 35% higher than that from the unpretreated biomass. The biomass pretreated at 200 °C resulted in formation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural, which significantly inhibited methanogenesis. In semi-continuous studies, digester fed with the biomass pretreated at 200 °C at organic loading rate (OLR) of 4 g VS/L.d resulted in digester failure. Thus, OLRsoluble/OLRtotal ratio <200 is proposed as an operating criterion for effective operation of digester fed with pretreated biomass slurry.


Asunto(s)
Biomasa , Lignina/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Anaerobiosis , Hidrólisis , Temperatura
20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(21): 12728-12739, 2018 11 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264997

RESUMEN

Aquaponics is a technology for food production (fish and vegetables/fruits) with concomitant remediation of nitrogen-rich aquaculture effluent. There is, however, a critical need to improve the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in aquaponics. Here, we employed quantitative polymerase chain reactions and next-generation sequencing to evaluate the bacterial communities and their links to nitrogen transformations for improving NUEs in four bench-scale plant-based floating-raft aquaponics (pak choi, lettuce, chive, and tomato) and three pH levels (7.0, 6.0, and 5.2). Low relative abundance of nitrifiers in plant roots and biofilters suggested nitrogen loss, which decreased NUE in aquaponics. Low pH level was a major factor that shifted the microbial communities and reduced the relative abundance of nitrifiers in aquaponic systems, leading to total ammonia nitrogen accumulation in recirculating water. In plant roots, the abundance of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (e.g., Nitrospira spp.) did not decrease at low pH levels, suggesting the benefit of growing plants in aquaponics for efficient nitrification and improving NUE. These findings on microbial communities and nitrogen transformations provided complementary strategies to improve the performance of the aquaponics regarding water quality and extent of nutrient recovery from aquaculture effluent.


Asunto(s)
Microbiota , Nitrógeno , Animales , Acuicultura , Hidroponia , Nitrificación
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