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1.
Epilepsy Behav ; 116: 107712, 2021 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460988

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine the lateralizing value of unilateral peri-ictal and interictal headaches in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy (DRFE). METHODS: Four-hundred consecutive patients undergoing presurgical evaluation for DRFE were interviewed. Patients with headache were broadly divided into two groups: peri-ictal and interictal headache. The lateralizing value of unilateral headache was compared in each group between three diagnoses: temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE), and temporal-plus epilepsy (TEMP+ epilepsy). RESULTS: Out of 400 patients, 169 (42.25%) had headaches. Peri-ictal headaches were experienced in 106 patients (26.5%) and interictal headaches were experienced in 63 (15.75%). In the peri-ictal group, unilateral headaches were present in 48 out of 60 patients (80%) with TLE; they were ipsilateral to the seizure focus in 45 out of 48 patients (93.75%). Unilateral headaches in patients with ETLE were present in 20 out of 31 patients (64.5%) and were ipsilateral to the seizure focus in 14 out of 20 patients (70%). In patients with TEMP + epilepsy, unilateral peri-ictal headaches were present in 9 out of 15 patients (60%); they were ipsilateral to the seizure focus in all 9 patients (100%). In the interictal headache group, unilateral headaches were ipsilateral the seizure focus in 9 out of 10 patients (90%) with TLE and 5 out of 6 patients (83.3%) with ETLE. None of the TEMP + epilepsy patients had a unilateral interictal headache. CONCLUSION: Headache is a frequently encountered symptom in patients with DRFE. When occurring in a unilateral fashion, it has a high lateralizing value in temporal and extratemporal lobe epilepsies. This has been demonstrated to be true for both peri-ictal and interictal headaches. In the vast majority of patients with DRFE, unilateral headache occurs ipsilateral to the seizure focus.

2.
Ann Saudi Med ; 34(2): 128-33, 2014.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24894781

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Problem-based learning (PBL) is the most important educational innovations in the past 4 decades. The objective of the study was to compare between the preference of medical students for PBL and the preference for traditional lectures regarding learning outcomes (e.g., knowledge, attitude, and skills) gained from both methods. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students who studied the hybrid curriculum (PBL and traditional lectures) in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, in 2011. METHODS: Data was collected through a pre-constructed, validated, confidentially anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire. Students' perceptions toward PBL and traditional lectures were assessed through their response to 20 statements inquired about both methods of learning using a five-point Likert scale. Descriptive and analytic statistics were performed using SPSS, version 21 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, Ill., USA). RESULTS: Learners preferred PBL more to traditional lectures for better linking the knowledge of basic and clinical sciences (t test=10.15, P < .001). However, no statistical significant difference (P > .05) was observed regarding the amount of basic knowledge recalled from both methods. Students preferred PBL more to lectures for better learning attitudes, skills, future outcomes, and learning satisfaction (P < .05). PBL motivates students to learn better than lecturing (P < .05). From students' opinion, the mean total skill gained from PBL (47.2 [10.6]) was much higher than that of lectures (33.0 [9.9]), and a highly statistical significant difference was observed (t test=20.9, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Students preferred PBL more to traditional lectures for improving most of learning outcome domains, especially, learning attitudes and skills. Introducing hybrid-PBL curriculum in all Saudi universities is highly recommended.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Facultades de Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Recuerdo Mental , Percepción , Arabia Saudita , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
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