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1.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 44, 2020 Dec 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283252

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the heritability of total rotation, matrix rotation, and intramatrix rotation of the mandible in Korean monozygotic (MZ) twins, dizygotic (DZ) twins, and their siblings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples consisted of 75 pairs of Korean twins (39.7 + 9.26 years; MZ group, 36 pairs; DZ group, 13 pairs; sibling group, 26 pairs). Lateral cephalograms were taken, and 13 variables related to internal and external mandible rotation were measured. Three types of occlusal planes (bisected occlusal plane, functional occlusal plane, and the MM bisector occlusal plane) were used to evaluate genetic influence on the occlusal plane. Heritability (h2) was calculated by using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Falconer's method. RESULTS: With regard to mandibular rotation, the MZ twin group showed significantly higher ICC values compared to the DZ twin and sibling groups. The ICC mean values for 13 cephalometric measurements were 0.85 (MZ), 0.62 (DZ), and 0.52 (siblings) respectively. The heritability of the total rotation (0.48) and matrix rotation (0.5) between the MZ and DZ groups was higher than that of the intramatrix rotation (- 0.14). All of the three types of occlusal plane showed high heritability, and among the three types, the functional occlusal plane showed the highest heritability (h2 = 0.76). CONCLUSION: Based on these findings that showed a strong genetic effect on total rotation and matrix rotation, maintaining these rotations should be carefully considered in the orthodontic treatment plan, while the lower border of the mandible may be responsive to various treatments. Occlusal plane change, especially with regard to the functional occlusal plane, may not be stable due to strong genetic influences.

2.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683955

RESUMEN

Prickly sow thistle, Sonchus asper (L.) Hill, and common sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus L., are noxious weeds. Probably originating from the Mediterranean region, they have become widespread species. They share similar morphology and are closely related. However, they differ in their chromosome numbers and the precise relationship between them remains uncertain. Understanding their chloroplast genome structure and evolution is an important initial step toward determining their phylogenetic relationships and analyzing accelerating plant invasion processes on a global scale. We assembled four accessions of chloroplast genomes (two S. asper and two S. oleraceus) by the next generation sequencing approach and conducted comparative genomic analyses. All the chloroplast genomes were highly conserved. Their sizes ranged from 151,808 to 151,849 bp, containing 130 genes including 87 coding genes, 6 rRNA genes, and 37 tRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis based on the whole chloroplast genome sequences showed that S. asper shares a recent common ancestor with S. oleraceus and suggested its likely involvement in a possible amphidiploid origin of S. oleraceus. In total, 79 simple sequence repeats and highly variable regions were identified as the potential chloroplast markers to determine genetic variation and colonization patterns of Sonchus species.


Asunto(s)
Evolución Molecular , Genoma del Cloroplasto , Sonchus/genética , Secuencia Conservada , Especiación Genética , Especies Introducidas , Filogenia , Sonchus/clasificación
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30934801

RESUMEN

(1) Background: This study aimed to determine the relevance between stages of metabolic syndrome (MS) progression and the incidence of gastric cancer utilizing a big data cohort for the national health checkup. (2) Methods: There were 7,785,098 study subjects, and three stages of metabolic syndrome were categorized using the health checkup results from 2009. Incidence of gastric cancer was traced and observed from the date of the health insurance benefit claim in 2009 until 31 December, 2016, and Cox hazard-proportional regression was performed to determine the risk of gastric cancer incidence based on the stage of progression for metabolic syndrome. (3) Results: Hazard ratio (HR) incidence rate for the MS group was 2.31 times higher than the normal group (95% CI 2.22⁻2.40) after adjustment (Model 4). The HR incidence rate of gastric cancer for the pre-MS group was 1.08 times higher (95% CI 1.04⁻1.12) than the normal group, while the HR incidence rate of gastric cancer for the MS group was 1.26 times higher (95% CI 1.2⁻1.32). (4) Conclusions: Causal relevance observed in this study between metabolic syndrome and incidence of gastric cancer was high. Promotion and education for active responses in the general population and establishment of appropriate metabolic syndrome management systems to prevent gastric cancer are needed.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Metabólico/epidemiología , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , República de Corea/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores Sexuales
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28629199

RESUMEN

Background: Exposure to smoke, including environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), is a well-known risk factor for diabetes. Low socioeconomic status, especially lack of education, is also a risk factor for diabetes. Therefore, we assessed the association of demographic, socioeconomic, clinical, and behavior risk factor-related variables and smoking status, including ETS exposure, with the prevalence of diabetes. Methods: Data were from the 2007-2013 Korea National Health and Nutritional Evaluation Survey (KNHANES). Multivariable logistic regression examined associations between various lifestyle and health factors and the prevalence of diabetes while controlling for potential confounding variables. Subgroup analysis was performed according to smoking status to determine factors associated with diabetes. Results: Of 19,303 individuals analyzed, 1325 (11.4%) had diabetes. Greater average age, male sex, lower educational level, unemployment, and coexisting health problems were significantly associated with diabetes. Individuals with only elementary, middle, or high school level education had significantly greater odds ratios (p < 0.05) compared to college graduates; smokers and nonsmokers exposed to ETS had significantly greater OR (p < 0.05) than nonsmokers unexposed to ETS. Subgroup analysis of diabetics according to smoking status revealed significant associations (p < 0.05) for diabetic nonsmokers exposed to ETS with female sex, single status, elementary level education, urban residence, National Health Insurance (NHI), hypertension, a lack of alcohol intake, and a lack of moderate physical activity. For diabetic smokers, there were significant associations (p < 0.05) with elementary education, urban residence, a lack of moderate physical activity, a lack of alcohol intake, and NHI. Conclusions: The results suggested that smoking status, as well as ETS exposure, was associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes, especially in populations with less education. Thus, we should direct efforts for controlling diabetes toward individuals with lower levels of education and those who are smokers and nonsmokers exposed to ETS.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Escolaridad , Fumar/epidemiología , Contaminación por Humo de Tabaco/análisis , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , República de Corea/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto Joven
5.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 13(3): 1003-10, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22631628

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of body mass index (BMI), subjective body perception (SBP), and the differences between BMI and SBP influence on smoking among women. METHODS: This study used the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV-2, 3 2008-2009. A urinary cotinine test was administered to 5485 women at least 19 years of age. Individuals whose cotinine level was at least 50 ng/mL were categorized as smokers. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the extent to which body-related variables affect female smoking. RESULTS: Women with a lower BMI who perceived themselves to be normal or very fat were 2.09 times (1.14-3.83) more likely to smoke than women with a normal BMI and SBP. Women who were never married with a low BMI and thin SBP were 3.11 times (1.47-6.55) more likely to smoke than women with a normal BMI and SBP. Married women with a high BMI who considered themselves very fat were 0.63 times (0.43-0.94) less likely to smoke than women with a normal BMI and SBP. In contrast, divorced and widowed women with a low or normal BMI who considered themselves very fat were 26.1 times (1.35-507.3) more likely to smoke. CONCLUSIONS: Discrepancies between the objective physical condition (BMI) and the subjective body image (SBP) influence the female smoking rate. To reduce the number of female smokers, public education on the association between smoking behavior and weight issues is needed, especially among women with low BMI and distorted weight perception.


Asunto(s)
Imagen Corporal , Índice de Masa Corporal , Cotinina/orina , Fumar/epidemiología , Adulto , Anciano , Peso Corporal , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas Nutricionales , Obesidad , República de Corea/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
6.
Dev Growth Differ ; 49(9): 721-30, 2007 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17983366

RESUMEN

Medaka is a small Asian freshwater teleost and has been an excellent model for fertilization studies for more than 50 years. Therefore, experimental procedures for in vitro fertilization (IVF) and cryopreservation of sperm are well established. In contrast, since the eggs or early embryos can not be cryopreserved, many females are killed to obtain unfertilized eggs for IVF. Recent progress in genomics is establishing medaka as a new model animal in functional genomics, and numerous mutant and transgenic strains have been established and stored as frozen sperm. Accumulated preserved resources require a simple and reliable recovery method for IVF. In this paper, we describe a method for obtaining a large number of unfertilized eggs without killing females, using sterile interspecific hybrids between Oryzias latipes and O. curvinotus. However, there is no report about the normality of offspring that were obtained by IVF using unfertilized eggs spawned in mating with the sterile hybrid male. In this paper, we have confirmed the reliability of the method regarding the influences on the next generation and also assessed conditions for efficient collection of unfertilized eggs. The method would be useful not only for fertilization studies but also for keeping transgenics and mutants, including a mutant library for a reverse genetic approach.


Asunto(s)
Fertilización In Vitro/métodos , Oryzias/genética , Animales , Criopreservación , Femenino , Hibridación Genética , Masculino , Oryzias/fisiología , Óvulo , Preservación de Semen/métodos
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