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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541819

RESUMEN

In studies that assessed the accuracy of implant surgical guides, evaluations were based on the placement position of the implant by using a manufactured surgical guide. However, such assessments could involve errors that may occur during implant placement. Therefore, evaluating the 3-dimensional accuracy of the fabrication of the implant surgical guide itself is not enough. In the evaluation method described in this article, location-related information is obtained by connecting a scan body to the sleeve of the surgical guide instead of directly placing the implant. This helps to evaluate the accuracy of the surgical guide without errors in the placement of an implant.

2.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512776

RESUMEN

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Dental students experience difficulties during the transition from preclinical to clinical curriculum. In order to help the students to adapt to the clinical education program, a simulated practice using patient-based customized models was introduced in this study to prepare for their first clinical practice. METHODS: This study included 45 Third year predoctoral students (D3 students) who were about to perform the preparation of a single crown abutment on their first patient. After practicing abutment preparation using simulated models and providing the actual treatment to their own patient, the students were surveyed to investigate their perceptions on the simulated practice using the 3D-printed customized typodont model. The statistical analysis of the quantitative data and the thematic analysis of the qualitative data were conducted. RESULTS: Regarding this simulation, more than 80% of the students gave positive feedback on their practice of (a) operative positions and postures, (b) finger rest, (c) occlusal reduction, (d) axial reduction, and (e) proximal reduction. Student responses on the open-ended questions about how they perceived the usefulness of this simulation were categorized as 'First clinical case', 'Patient-based model', and 'Realistic simulation environment'. In addition, a number of improvements of the simulation was also suggested by the students including the typodont and the manikin. CONCLUSIONS: This study gives insights into the significance of simulated practice using patient-based customized typodonts as a transitional education tool and its direction of development in the field of restorative treatments accompanied by irreversible tooth preparations.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(23)2020 Nov 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255922

RESUMEN

Recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) printing have introduced new materials that can be utilized for dental restorations. Nonetheless, there are limited studies on the color stability of restorations using 3D-printed crowns and bridge resins. Herein, the color stability of conventional computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) blocks and 3D-printing resins was evaluated and assessed for their degrees of discoloration based on material type, colorant types (grape juice, coffee, curry, and distilled water (control group)), and storage duration (2, 7, and 30 days) in the colorants. Water sorption, solubility, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analyses were conducted. A three-way ANOVA analysis showed that all three factors significantly affected the color change of the materials. Notably, the discoloration (ΔE00) was significantly higher in all 3D printing resins (4.74-22.85 over the 30 days) than in CAD/CAM blocks (0.64-4.12 over the 30 days) following immersion in all colorants. 3D-printing resins showed color differences above the clinical limit (2.25) following storage for 7 days or longer in all experimental groups. Curry was the most prominent colorant, and discoloration increased in almost all groups as the storage duration increased. This study suggests that discoloration must be considered when using 3D printing resins for restorations.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(23)2020 Nov 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260676

RESUMEN

The amount of photopolymer material consumed during the three-dimensional (3D) printing of a dental model varies with the volume and internal structure of the modeling data. This study analyzed how the internal structure and the presence of a cross-arch plate influence the accuracy of a 3D printed dental model. The model was designed with a U-shaped arch and the palate removed (Group U) or a cross-arch plate attached to the palate area (Group P), and the internal structure was divided into five types. The trueness and precision were analyzed for accuracy comparisons of the 3D printed models. Two-way ANOVA of the trueness revealed that the accuracy was 135.2 ± 26.3 µm (mean ± SD) in Group U and 85.6 ± 13.1 µm in Group P. Regarding the internal structure, the accuracy was 143.1 ± 46.8 µm in the 1.5 mm-thick shell group, which improved to 111.1 ± 31.9 µm and 106.7 ± 26.3 µm in the roughly filled and fully filled models, respectively. The precision was 70.3 ± 19.1 µm in Group U and 65.0 ± 8.8 µm in Group P. The results of this study suggest that a cross-arch plate is necessary for the accurate production of a model using 3D printing regardless of its internal structure. In Group U, the error during the printing process was higher for the hollowed models.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 Nov 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238528

RESUMEN

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is increasingly being utilized in the dental field. After fabricating a prosthesis using a 3D printed resin, a post-curing process is required to improve its mechanical properties, but there has been insufficient research on the optimal post-curing conditions. We used various 3D printed crown and bridge materials in this study, and evaluated the changes in their properties according to post-curing time by evaluating the flexural strength, Weibull modulus, Vickers hardness, color change, degree of conversion, and biocompatibility. The obtained results confirmed that the strength of the 3D printed resin increased when it was post-cured for 60-90 min. The Vickers hardness, the degree of conversion, and biocompatibility of the 3D printed resins increased significantly around the beginning of the post-curing time, and then increased more gradually as the post-curing time increased further. It was observed that the color tone also changed as the post-curing time increased, with some groups showing a ΔE00 value of ≥ 2.25, which can be recognized clinically. This study has confirmed that, after the printing process of a 3D printed resin was completed, a sufficient post-curing time of at least 60 min is required to improve the overall clinical performance of the produced material.

6.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 30(9): 1379-1386, 2020 Sep 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627753

RESUMEN

Acne is a chronic skin disease that typically occurs in the teens and twenties, and its symptoms vary according to age, sex, diet, and lifestyle. The condition is characterized by hyperproliferation of keratinocytes in the epidermis, sebum overproduction, excessive growth of Propionibacterium acnes, and P. acnes-induced skin inflammation. Interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-6 are predominant in the inflammatory lesions of acne vulgaris. These cytokines induce an inflammatory reaction in the skin in the presence of pathogens or stresses. Moreover, IL-1α accelerates the production of keratin 16, which is typically expressed in wounded or aberrant skin, leading to abnormalities in architecture and hyperkeratinization. Orobol (3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyisoflavone) is a metabolite of genistein that inhibited the P. acnes-induced increases in IL-6 and IL-1α levels in human keratinocytes (HaCaTs) more effectively compared with salicylic acid. In addition, orobol decreased the IL-1α and IL-6 mRNA levels and inhibited the phosphorylation of inhibitor of kappa-B kinase, nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha, and mitogen-activated protein kinase induced by P. acnes. Finally, the expression of Ki67 was decreased by orobol. Thus, orobol ameliorated the inflammation and hyperkeratinization induced by heat-killed P. acnes and thus has potential for use in functional foods and cosmetics.

7.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 30(10): 1567-1573, 2020 Oct 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522955

RESUMEN

Ultraviolet (UV) is one of the major factors harmful to skin health. Irradiation with ultraviolet accelerates the decline of skin function, causing the skin to have deep wrinkles, dryness, decreased procollagen production, and degradation of collagen. Novel materials are needed to prevent the aging of the skin by blocking the effects of UV. Safflower seed oil (Charthamus tinctorius L., SSO) contains significantly high levels of unsaturated fatty acids and phytochemicals. SSO has been traditionally used in China, Japan, and Korea to improve skin and hair. Our objective in this study was to determine the effect of SSO and its active compound acacetin on UVB-induced skin photoaging in HaCaT cells and human dermal fibroblasts (HDF). SSO inhibited UVB-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) at both protein and mRNA levels in HaCaT cells and HDF. MMP-1 is known to play important roles in collagen degradation and wrinkle formation. Acacetin, a type of flavonoid, is present in SSO. Similar to SSO, acacetin also inhibited UVB-induced MMP-1 protein and mRNA levels in HaCaT cells and HDF. MMP-1 mRNA is primarily regulated by the mitogen-activated kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Acacetin regulated the phosphorylation of JNK1/2 and c-jun, but did not inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38 and AKT. Taken together, these results indicate that SSO and its active compound acacetin can prevent UVB-induced MMP-1 expression, which leads to skin photoaging, and may therefore have therapeutic potential as an anti-wrinkle agent to improve skin health.

8.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(6)2020 Jun 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580368

RESUMEN

Esthetic dental computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) polymers such as disperse-filled composites (DFC) and polymer-infiltrated ceramic networks (PICN) should be subjected to surface treatment before bonding. However, such treatment can lead to defect formation and a decrease in strength. Therefore, in this study, we compared the flexural strengths of DFC and PICN materials air-abraded with alumina particles of different sizes at different pressures. In addition to Weibull analysis, the samples (untreated and treated) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Both DFC and PICN exhibited the lowest flexural strength at large particle sizes and high pressures. Therefore, we optimized the air abrasion parameters to maintain the flexural strength and significantly increase surface roughness. In the case of DFC, the optimal particle size and pressure conditions were 50 µm at 2 bar and 110 µm at 1 bar, while for PICN, the best performance was obtained using Al2O3 particles with a size of 50 µm at 1 bar. This study reveals that optimization of the surface treatment process is crucial in the fabrication of high-performance clinical materials for dental restorations.

9.
Food Sci Biotechnol ; 29(7): 1007-1012, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32577317

RESUMEN

Panax ginseng CA Meyer has a variety of biological effects, including antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. Ginseng requires long-term cultivation, but this can be shortened using hydroponic systems to facilitate the commercial development of ginseng as a functional food. However, the characteristics of short-term-cultured (< 30 days) hydroponic ginseng (sHCG) are unclear. We investigated the characteristics of 21-day-cultured sHCG compared 5-year-old normally cultured ginseng. The free radical-scavenging activity and total ginsenoside and phenolic contents were significantly higher in sHCG than in normally cultured ginseng. Fifteen ginsenosides were detected in sHCG, and the concentrations of most were higher in shoots than roots. These findings suggest that 21-day-cultured sHCG, due to its enhanced antioxidant activity and higher concentrations of total phenolics and ginsenosides (including Rd and Re), has potential as a functional food.

10.
J Clin Med ; 9(4)2020 Apr 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295304

RESUMEN

In the absence of accurate medical records, it is critical to correctly classify implant fixture systems using periapical radiographs to provide accurate diagnoses and treatments to patients or to respond to complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether deep neural networks can identify four different types of implants on intraoral radiographs. In this study, images of 801 patients who underwent periapical radiographs between 2005 and 2019 at Yonsei University Dental Hospital were used. Images containing the following four types of implants were selected: Brånemark Mk TiUnite, Dentium Implantium, Straumann Bone Level, and Straumann Tissue Level. SqueezeNet, GoogLeNet, ResNet-18, MobileNet-v2, and ResNet-50 were tested to determine the optimal pre-trained network architecture. The accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score were calculated for each network using a confusion matrix. All five models showed a test accuracy exceeding 90%. SqueezeNet and MobileNet-v2, which are small networks with less than four million parameters, showed an accuracy of approximately 96% and 97%, respectively. The results of this study confirmed that convolutional neural networks can classify the four implant fixtures with high accuracy even with a relatively small network and a small number of images. This may solve the inconveniences associated with unnecessary treatments and medical expenses caused by lack of knowledge about the exact type of implant.

11.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033790

RESUMEN

A facebow transfer is typically used for mounting a maxillary gypsum cast in an ideal location in a mechanical articulator. However, the facebow transfer procedure is difficult and may cause the patient discomfort. This proposed technique uses a patient's cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data to reproduce the occlusal plane in relation to digital articulator scan data, align the patient's gypsum cast or intraoral scan data on the reproduced plane, and then transfer the data to a mechanical articulator.

12.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(2)2020 Jan 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024035

RESUMEN

This paper demonstrates a 3D microlithography system where an array of 5 mm Ultra Violet-Light Emitting Diode (UV-LED) acts as a light source. The unit of the light source is a UV-LED, which comes with a length of about 8.9 mm and a diameter of 5 mm. The whole light source comprises 20 × 20 matrix of such 5 mm UV-LEDs giving a total number of 400 LEDs which makes it a very favorable source with a large area for having a batch production of the desired microstructures. This light source is able to give a level of precision in microfabrication which cannot be obtained using commercial 3D printers. The whole light source performs continuous rotational movement once it is turned on. This can also move up and down in a vertical direction. This multidirectional light source also comprises a multidirectional sample holder. The light source teaming up with the multidirectional sample holder highly facilitates the process of fabrication of a huge range of 3D structures. This article also describes the different levels of characterization of the system and demonstrates several fabricated 3D microstructures including high aspect ratio vertical micro towers, twisted turbine structures, triangles, inclined pillar 'V' structures, and hollow horn structures as well.

13.
Planta Med ; 86(3): 190-197, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853913

RESUMEN

Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease characterized by chronic inflammatory lesions, and new therapies are needed to address its rising prevalence. Soy isoflavone has been highlighted as a potential new cosmeceutical material that may have applications in atopic dermatitis care. We have developed a technique to attach an additional -OH group to the ortho position of -OH in the phenol ring using a special enzyme. By adding the -OH group to daidzein, 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone can be generated for possible use as a cosmeceutical and functional food material. In this study, we sought to examine the anti-atopic effects of 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone, an analog of daidzein. Topical application of 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone reduced Dermatophagoides farina extract-induced atopic dermatitis symptoms in NC/Nga mice. Histological analysis demonstrated that 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone suppressed D. farina extract-induced infiltration of eosinophils and mast cells into skin lesions. We also found that 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone significantly reduces the D. farina extract-induced increases in serum IgE and macrophage-derived chemokine (CCL22) levels. We observed that 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone suppresses atopic markers including macrophage-derived chemokine (CCL22) and thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (CCL17) in HaCaT cells. 7,3',4'-Trihydroxyisoflavone also reduced TNF-α/IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and JNK1/2. These results highlight several desirable properties of 7,3',4'-trihydroxyisoflavone, which support its use as a cosmeceutical ingredient for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.


Asunto(s)
Dermatitis Atópica , Animales , Inmunoglobulina E , Isoflavonas , Mastocitos , Ratones , Extractos Vegetales , Piel
14.
J Prosthet Dent ; 124(4): 468-475, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810611

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Printing orientation is an important decision in the initial steps of additive manufacturing, affecting printing accuracy and the mechanical properties of printed products. In addition, printing orientation determines the building direction of layers and the layer-by-layer configuration forming the surface geometry. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of printing orientation on the printing accuracy, flexural strength, surface characteristics, and microbial response of 3D-printed denture base resin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens were printed with denture base polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) in 3 printing orientations (0, 45, and 90 degrees). The printing error rate, flexural strength, roughness, hydrophilicity, surface energy, and response to Candida albicans (C. albicans) were evaluated. RESULTS: Specimens printed at a 90-degree orientation showed the lowest error rates for length (P<.001), and those printed at a 45-degree orientation showed statistically higher error rates for thickness than those of other groups (P<.001). Flexural strength increased in order of the specimens printed at orientation degrees of 90<45<0 with statistical significance. The 45-degree oriented specimens showed higher roughness and surface energy than those of other groups (P<.001). A higher proportion of C. albicans was found in the specimens printed at orientation degrees of 90<45<0 with statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Printing orientation significantly influenced the printing accuracy, flexural strength, roughness, and response to C. albicans. Therefore, the printing orientation should be carefully decided to fabricate products with appropriate properties.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Dentales , Polimetil Metacrilato , Bases para Dentadura , Resistencia Flexional , Ensayo de Materiales , Impresión Tridimensional , Propiedades de Superficie
15.
J Prosthet Dent ; 123(3): 531-534, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307800

RESUMEN

To simulate the current oral status of patients, including maxillofacial defects, the digital method described uses a method based on multisource data. These include data recorded from scans made with and without wearing an obturator and data obtained by scanning the surgical or interim obturator. This method eliminates the need for preliminary impressions and complex border-molding steps during the process of creating a definitive obturator, thereby greatly simplifying the fabrication process.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Obturadores Palatinos , Humanos , Boca
16.
J Prosthet Dent ; 123(3): 384-388, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307802

RESUMEN

During production of an immediate interim implant-supported fixed restoration with interim cylinders, the formation of an access hole in the dentures is critical. Traditional access hole formation involves repeated prosthesis insertion and removal in the oral cavity, primarily through trial and error, to adjust the hole position and size. The presented technique simulates the interim cylinder position based on the healing abutment position, enabling confirmation of the access hole position and ensuring more precise seating of the interim implant-supported fixed restoration.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Dentaduras
17.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 105: 110049, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546363

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether combining two treatments to avoid biological aging of the surface of titanium and zirconia implants; i.e., storage in an aqueous solution after ultraviolet light (UV) or non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (NTP) treatment, yielded surface bioactivity comparable to that following post-15-min UV or NTP treatment storage under air or immediately after UV or NTP treatment. Grade IV titanium discs modified by large grit sand-blasting and acid-etching (SLA) and smooth zirconia discs were irradiated with UV or NTP and their surface properties were evaluated immediately and after storage for 8 weeks in distilled H2O (dH2O) and a sealed container under air. Approximately 15-30 nm-sized nano-protrusions were formed only on SLA surfaces in dH2O immediately after UV or NTP treatment. Immediate dH2O storage after UV or NTP treatment prevented hydrocarbon contamination and maintained elevated amounts of Ti and Zr. After 8 weeks, unlike zirconia, protein adsorption, cellular adhesion, and cytoskeletal development of MC3T3-E1 cells on SLA surfaces stored in dH2O immediately after UV treatment were further exceeding those immediately after UV or NTP treatments. UV treatment of SLA implants followed by wet storage can not only maintain but also strengthen bioactivity during shelf storage.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Experimentales , Ensayo de Materiales , Gases em Plasma/química , Titanio , Rayos Ultravioleta , Circonio , Animales , Presión Atmosférica , Línea Celular , Ratones , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio/química , Titanio/farmacología , Circonio/química , Circonio/farmacología
18.
Restor Dent Endod ; 44(3): e29, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485425

RESUMEN

Endodontic microsurgery is defined as the treatment performed on the root apices of an infected tooth, which was unresolved with conventional root canal therapy. Recently, the advanced technology in 3-dimensional model reconstruction based on computed tomography such as cone beam computed tomography has opened a new avenue in application of personalized, accurate diagnosis and has been increasingly used in the field of dentistry. Nevertheless, direct intra-oral localization of root apex based on the 3-dimensional information is extremely difficult and significant amount of bone removal is inevitable when freehand surgical procedure was employed. Moreover, gingival flap and alveolar bone fenestration are usually required, which leads to prolonged time of surgery, thereby increasing the chance of trauma as well as the risk of infection. The purpose of this case report is to present endodontic microsurgery using the guide template that can accurately target the position of apex for the treatment of an anterior tooth with calcified canal which was untreatable with conventional root canal therapy and unable to track the position of the apex due to the absence of fistula.

19.
J Food Biochem ; 43(8): e12961, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368552

RESUMEN

Red Ginseng is well-known functional food in Asia which is produced by steaming and drying fresh ginseng (Panax ginseng). In the production of red ginseng extract, around 65% of the original material is left over as by-product and discarded. Most studies on ginseng are focused on ginsenosides. Many functional substances other than ginsenoside are found in red ginseng, but they have not been studied and are usually discarded. Acidic polysaccharides, which are functional polysaccharides found in the by-product of red ginseng, can be utilized as excellent high-value-added material. In this study, we developed red ginseng by-product polysaccharides (RGBPs) by applying an enzyme-linked high-pressure process (ELHPP). We have demonstrated the antioxidant, anti-aging, and anti-atopic dermatitis efficacy of ELHPP-RGBPs in this study. In acute oral toxicity and skin irritation tests, ELHPP-RGBPs were found to be very low in toxicity. ELHPP-RGBPs inhibited solar ultraviolet-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) protein through activator protein-1 (AP-1), a major transcription factor for MMP-1. ELHPP-RGBP attenuated DFE-induced AD-like symptoms as assessed by skin lesion analyses, dermatitis score, and skin thickness. Taken together, these results suggest that ELHPP-RGBP may have potential as a nutraceutical ingredient for skin health. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: This paper presents a new method of using ginseng by-product that has not been used and discarded. The use of polysaccharides in ginseng by-product has been shown to prevent skin wrinkles and atopic dermatitis. This is an economical new functional food material.


Asunto(s)
Panax/química , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Polisacáridos/farmacología , Residuos/análisis , Animales , Dermatitis Atópica/tratamiento farmacológico , Dermatitis Atópica/genética , Dermatitis Atópica/metabolismo , Ginsenósidos/aislamiento & purificación , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinasa 1 de la Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinasa 1 de la Matriz/metabolismo , Ratones , Extractos Vegetales/aislamiento & purificación , Raíces de Plantas/química , Polisacáridos/aislamiento & purificación , Envejecimiento de la Piel/efectos de los fármacos , Envejecimiento de la Piel/efectos de la radiación , Rayos Ultravioleta
20.
J Prosthodont ; 28(7): 797-803, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250506

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of a digital manufacturing method for dental implant restorations on stock abutments using intraoral scanners and prefabricated stock-abutment libraries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two dental implants with internal hexagonal connections were placed in the mandibular second premolar and second molar areas of a partially edentulous dentoform model; stock abutments with a diameter of 5 mm, abutment height of 5.5 mm, and gingival cuff height of 2 mm were connected. The study model was scanned 10 times using a reference tabletop scanner and 5 types of intraoral scanners (IOSs). The data collected by 5 types of IOSs were divided into 3 groups, based on the type and matching of stock abutment library data: no library, optical library, and contact library groups. A total of 160 data files were analyzed, including reference data. The resulting data were used to evaluate trueness and precision. RESULTS: Trueness and precision values in the group in which library data of the stock abutment were not used were 42.0 to 76.3 µm and 30.5 to 99.7 µm; corresponding values when the library data using an optical scanner were matched were 51.2 to 73.4 µm and 26.3 to 62.8 µm, and those when contact scanner library data were used were 30.1 to 62.4 µm and 15.5 to 55.9 µm. Thus, the accuracy of the contact library group was significantly higher than the accuracies of the no library (p < 0.001) and optical library groups (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The application of prefabricated library data of stock abutments using a contact scanner improved the accuracy of scan data. Scan accuracy of the stock abutments differed significantly based on the type of scanner.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Boca Edéntula , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Pilares Dentales , Técnica de Impresión Dental , Humanos
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