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1.
Reprod Biol ; 21(2): 100484, 2021 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601292

RESUMEN

This study investigated the changes in the mRNA expression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß), plasminogen activators (PAs), and interleukin (IL) caused by sperm, as well as the regulatory mechanism of PA activity through TGF-ß, in porcine uterine epithelial cells. The cells were isolated from the uterine horn of pig and co-incubated with Percoll-separated boar sperm (45% or 90%), or TGF-ß for 24 h. The mRNA expression of TGF-ß isoforms (TGF-ß1, 2 and 3) and their receptors (TGF-ß R1 and R2), PAs (urokinase-type, uPA; tissue-type, tPA; uPA receptor, uPAR; type 1 PA inhibitor, PAI-1), IL-6 and IL-8 was analyzed using real-time PCR. Supernatant was used to measure PA activity. Co-incubation with sperm from the 90% Percoll layer increased TGF-ß1 mRNA, whereas TGF-ß2 and TGF-ß3 were decreased (P < 0.05). However, both TGF-ßRs were not changed by the presence of the spermatozoa. Expression of tPA, PAI-1, IL-6, and IL-8 mRNA was down-regulated by 90% Percoll-separated sperm (P < 0.05), and sperm from 45% Percoll increased uPA expression (P < 0.05). TGF-ß decreased tPA and IL-8 mRNA expression, and increased uPAR and PAI-1 mRNA (P < 0.05). The suppressive effect of TGF-ß on PA activity was blocked by Smad2/3 and JNK1/2 signaling inhibitors (P < 0.05). In conclusion, sperm separated in 90% in porcine uterus could suppressed inflammation via modulation of TGF-ß and down-regulation of PAs and ILs. Therefore, the regulatory mechanism of inflammation by sperm in the porcine uterus could be associated with interactions between numerous cytokines including TGF-ß.

2.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 5, 2021 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402162

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We report a case of atypical presentation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) with recurrent scleritis and optic nerve involvement. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old male presented with ocular pain and injection in his left eye for 2 months. Ocular examination together with ancillary testing led to the diagnosis of scleritis, which relapsed in spite of several courses of steroid treatment. After cessation of steroid, the patient complained of severe retro-orbital pain and blurred vision. His best corrected vision was count finger, the pupil was mid-dilated and a relative afferent pupillary defect was found. Funduscopic examination demonstrated disc swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed enhancing soft tissue encasing the left globe, medial rectus muscle and optic nerve. Systemic work-up revealed multiple nodules in right lower lung and a biopsy showed histopathological characteristics of IgG4-RD. Long-term treatment with corticosteroids and a steroid-sparing agent (methotrexate) led to significant improvement in signs and symptoms with no recurrence for 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the significance of IgG4-RD in the differential diagnosis of recurrent scleritis. IgG4-RD may cause optic neuropathy resulting in visual loss. Early diagnosis and proper treatment can prevent irreversible organ damage and devastating visual morbidity.

3.
Int Neurourol J ; 24(Suppl 2): 67-71, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271002

RESUMEN

Apoptosis has been found in bladder affected by various types of voiding dysfunction. In animal studies, higher levels of apoptosis were observed in conditions of both detrusor overactivity and underactivity than in normal bladders. However, it has been difficult to establish the exact underlying mechanism of apoptosis in these conditions and to find new therapeutic targets because the causes of voiding dysfunction are diverse and the coexistence of various types of voiding problems is common. Furthermore, the lack of studies of the human detrusor contributes to our incomplete understanding of these issues. Therefore, this revies discuss the role of apoptosis in detrusor contractility based on previous studies.

4.
Int Neurourol J ; 24(Suppl 2): 104-110, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271007

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Neurogenic bladder (NB) associated with spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious health problem. However, no effective treatment has been developed for SCI patients with NB. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) inhibitors have been proposed as a promising option for inducing neural regeneration. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a tissue gene nerve (TGN), PTEN inhibitor, on voiding function, motor function, and the expression of growth factors after SCI. METHODS: In this experiment, female rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10 in each group): the sham-operation group, the SCI-induced group, and the SCI-induced and TGN-treated group. Cystometry; the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scale test; the ladder walking test; hematoxylin and eosin staining; and Western blotting for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and nerve growth factor (NGF) were performed to evaluate functional and molecular changes. RESULTS: After SCI, the rats exhibited decreased walking ability according to the BBB scale test and impaired coordinative function according to the ladder walking test. The PTEN inhibitor promoted enhanced walking ability and coordinative function. Cystometry showed voiding impairment after SCI and improved voiding function was observed after PTEN treatment. Overexpression of VEGF, BDNF, and NGF were observed after SCI. Administration of PTEN inhibitors significantly attenuated the overexpression of growth factors due to SCI. CONCLUSION: PTEN inhibitor treatment diminished the overexpression of growth factors and promoted the repair of damaged tissue. PTEN inhibitor-treated rats also showed improved motor function and improved voiding function. Therefore, we suggest TGN as a new therapeutic agent that can be applied after SCI.

5.
Front Genet ; 11: 579805, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262785

RESUMEN

Background: KBG syndrome (OMIM #148050) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited genetic disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 11 (ANKRD11) gene or by microdeletion of chromosome 16q24.3. It is characterized by macrodontia of the upper central incisors, distinctive facial dysmorphism, short stature, vertebral abnormalities, hand anomaly including clinodactyly, and various degrees of developmental delay. KBG syndrome presents with variable clinical feature and severity among individuals. Here, we report two KBG patients who have different novel heterozygous mutations of ANKRD11 gene with wide range of clinical manifestations. Case presentation: Two novel heterozygous mutations of ANKRD11 gene were identified in two unrelated Korean patients with variable clinical presentations. The first patient presented with short stature and early puberty and was treated with growth hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist without adverse effects. He had mild intellectual disability. In targeted exome sequencing, a novel de novo frameshift variant was identified in ANKRD11, c.5889del, and p. (Ile1963MetfsX9). The second patient had severe intellectual disability with epilepsy. He had normal height and prepubertal stage at the age of 11 years. He had behavioral problems such as autism-like features, anxiety, and stereotypical movements. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed, and the novel heterozygous mutation, c3310dup, p. (Glu110GlyfsTer5) in ANKRD11 was identified. Conclusion: KBG syndrome is often underdiagnosed because of its non-specific features and phenotypic variability. Performing a next-generation sequencing panel, including the ANKRD11 gene for cases of developmental delay with/without short stature may be helpful to identify hitherto undiagnosed KBG syndrome patients.

6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264080

RESUMEN

In allergic airway diseases, intermediate progenitor cells (IPCs) increase in number in the surface epithelium. IPCs arise from basal cells, the origin of hallmark pathological changes, including goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus hypersecretion. Thus, targeting IPCs will benefit future treatment of allergic airway diseases. However, the lack of adequate cell surface markers for IPCs limits their identification and characterization. We now show that CD44 containing exon v3 (CD44v3) is a surface marker for IPCs that are capable of both proliferating and generating differentiated goblet cells in allergic human nasal epithelium. In primary human nasal epithelial (HNE) cells that had differentiated at an air-liquid interface, interleukin-4 (IL-4) upregulated mRNA expression of three CD44v variants that include exon v3 (CD44v3-v6, CD44v3,v8-v10, and CD44v3-v10), and induced expression of CD44v3 protein in the basal and supra-basal layers of the culture. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis revealed two subpopulations differing in CD44v3 levels: CD44v3low cells expressed high levels of proliferative and basal cell markers (Ki-67 and p63), whereas CD44v3high cells strongly expressed progenitor and immature/mature goblet cell markers (SOX2, CA2, and SPDEF). Importantly, a blocking anti-CD44 antibody suppressed IL-4-induced mucin production by HNE cells. Furthermore, CD44v3 was co-expressed with p63, KRT5, or SOX2, and was upregulated in the basal and supra-basal layers of the nasal surface epithelium of allergic rhinitis (AR) subjects. Taken together, these data demonstrate that high CD44v3 expression contributes to goblet cell hyperplasia in inflammation of the allergic airway.

7.
Ophthalmic Genet ; : 1-4, 2020 Dec 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334222

RESUMEN

Background: We investigated the ocular manifestations in patients with Kabuki syndrome(KS). Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed in 10 patients with KS were referred to the Department of Ophthalmology for evaluation of ocular manifestations. Data were collected from patient interviews, clinical examinations, and laboratory investigations. Ophthalmologic examinations included best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, anterior segment, adnexal examination, and dilated fundus examination. Results: Mutations in the KMT2D gene were identified in all of the 10 patients with KS. No deletion or point mutation was found in the KDM6A gene. In our patients, 20% had ptosis, 60% had strabismus, 90% had lid changes and 10% had amblyopia. Five patients did not undergo the visual acuity test due to intellectual disability. Conclusions: Ophthalmic abnormalities are frequently associated with KS. The importance of ophthalmological examination in all patients with KS for early detection of ocular anomalies to prevent visual impairment cannot be underemphasized. Abbreviations: KS: Kabuki syndrome.

8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 598556, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224152

RESUMEN

Immune checkpoint inhibitors, increasingly used to treat malignant tumors, are revolutionizing cancer treatment by improving the patient survival expectations. Despite the high antitumor efficacy of antibody therapeutics that bind to PD-1/PD-L1, study on small molecule-based PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors is required to overcome the side effects of antibody therapeutics caused by their size and affinity. Herein, we investigated antitumor potential of Salvia plebeia R. Br. extract (SPE), which has been used as a traditional oriental medicine and food in many countries, and its components by the blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 interaction. SPE and its component cosmosiin effectively blocked the molecular interaction between PD-1 and PD-L1. SPE also inhibited tumor growth by increasing CD8+ T-cells in the tumor through the activation of tumor-specific T-cells in a humanized PD-1 mouse model bearing hPD-L1 knock-in MC38 colon adenocarcinoma tumor. This finding presents a preclinical strategy to develop small molecule-based anticancer drugs targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint pathway.

9.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218192

RESUMEN

We attempted to determine the impact of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on short-term and long-term outcomes and find potential resource utilization differences between the ECMO and non-ECMO groups, using the National Health Insurance Service database. We selected adult patients (≥20 years old) with non-traumatic cardiac arrest from 2007 to 2015. Data on age, sex, insurance status, hospital volume, residential area urbanization, and pre-existing diseases were extracted from the database. A total of 1.5% (n = 3859) of 253,806 patients were categorized into the ECMO group. The ECMO-supported patients were more likely to be younger, men, more covered by national health insurance, and showed, higher usage of tertiary level and large volume hospitals, and a lower rate of pre-existing comorbidities, compared to the non-ECMO group. After propensity score-matching demographic data, hospital factors, and pre-existing diseases, the odds ratio (ORs) of the ECMO group were 0.76 (confidence interval, (CI) 0.68-0.85) for 30-day mortality and 0.66 (CI 0.58-0.79) for 1-year mortality using logistic regression. The index hospitalization was longer, and the 30-day and 1-year hospital costs were greater in the matched ECMO group. Although ECMO support needed longer hospitalization days and higher hospital costs, the ECMO support reduced the risk of 30-day and 1-year mortality compared to the non-ECMO patients.

10.
J Med Genet ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219105

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are catecholamine-producing neuroendocrine tumours. PPGLs are a rare but important cause of secondary hypertension owing to their high morbidity and mortality. Patients with PPGL exhibit an increased prevalence of mutations in one of the PPGL susceptibility genes according to previous studies. We aimed to investigate the characteristics of germline mutations in the largest number of Korean patients with PPGL. METHODS: In this study, 161 patients with PPGL were evaluated. Phenotype data, including biochemical, pathological and anatomical imaging results, were collected. Germline mutations in 10 PPGL-related genes were tested by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS), Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. RESULTS: Approximately 21% of apparently sporadic PPGLs harboured germline mutations of the PPGL-related genes. The mutation carriers were younger at the first diagnosis and had more bilateral (28.6% vs 4.0%, p<0.001) and multifocal (11.4% vs 1.6%, p=0.027) PPGLs, but showed no metastatic risk (17.1% vs 11.1%, p=0.504), than non-mutation carriers. Missense mutation of SDHD p.V111I was found in this cohort of Asian patients, which was associated with unilateral pheochromocytoma with dominantly epinephrine production. CONCLUSION: This study covered the largest number of Korean patients with PPGL. To our knowledge, it is the first to compare results of targeted NGS panel with those of conventional sequencing methods in Asia. We demonstrated that the variant type, as well as the mutated gene, may determine the phenotype and prognosis of PPGLs.

11.
J Int Adv Otol ; 16(3): 382-386, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136021

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the clinical significance of hematological findings in patients with acute peripheral facial palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective case series review, 84 patients who visited our university hospital and were diagnosed with Bell's palsy (BP) or Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) between March 2017 and March 2019 were enrolled. We documented their epidemiological details, final diagnoses, House-Brackmann (HB) palsy grades, and pretreatment and day 7 post-hospitalization complete blood counts. The outcome was considered favorable if the HB grade at weeks 10-16 was I or II. We analyzed the hematological findings in terms of diagnosis and the final treatment outcomes. RESULTS: A higher pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and neutrophil count and a lower day-7 lymphocyte count were observed in patients with RHS with unfavorable outcomes. In such patients, moderate positive correlations were observed between the pretreatment white blood cell, neutrophil, and basophil counts; the NLR and basophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; and the initial HB grade. Only the latter was a significant risk factor for a poor treatment outcome. In patients with BP, both the initial HB grade and the pretreatment eosinophil count were included in a regression model predicting prognosis. CONCLUSION: Inflammation plays an important role in RHS pathogenesis. Initial RHS severity and the response to corticosteroids may determine the final treatment outcome. However, inflammatory markers do not predict all BP outcomes; BP may be etiologically heterogeneous.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146548

RESUMEN

Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) regulates inflammatory responses and lipid metabolism. However, its precise role in colitis remains unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the function of PAR2 in high-fat diet fed mice with colitis and its potential role in autophagy. PAR2+/+ and PAR2-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 7 days before colitis induction with dextran sodium sulfate. Deletion of PAR2 and a HFD significantly exacerbated colitis as shown by increased mortality, body weight loss, diarrhea or bloody stools, colon length shortening, and mucosal damage. Pro-inflammatory cytokine levels were elevated in HFD-fed PAR2-/- mice and in cells treated with the PAR2 antagonist GB83, palmitic acid (PA), and a cytokine cocktail (CC). Damaging effects of PAR2 blockage were associated with autophagy regulation by reducing the levels of YAP1, SIRT1, PGC-1α, Atg5, and LC3A/B-I/II. Additionally, mitochondrial dysfunction was demonstrated only in cells treated with GB83, PA, and CC. Reduced cell viability and greater induction of apoptosis, as shown by increased levels of cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved PARP, were observed in cells treated with GB83, PA, and CC but not in those treated with only PA and CC. Collectively, protective effects of PAR2 were elucidated during inflammation accompanied by high-fat environment by promoting autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis, suggesting PAR2 as a therapeutic target for inflammatory bowel disease co-occurring with metabolic syndrome.

13.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(11)2020 Nov 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182641

RESUMEN

Background and objectives: The study assesses quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent thyroidectomy compared to the general population. Materials and Methods: QoL data from post-thyroidectomy patients and individuals with no subjective health concerns, who had attended a routine health screening visit, were evaluated. QoL was assessed using the modified version of Korean Short Form 12 questionnaire (SF-12). Patients and controls were matched using the propensity score approach and a ratio of 1:4. Results: Data from a total of 105 patients and 420 controls were analyzed. For five SF-12 items, lower QoL was found in patients (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that a follow-up duration of <1-year, female sex, and an age of >50 years were independent risk factors. No significant difference was found between controls and patients who were >1-year post-surgery. Conclusions: For specific SF-12 items, QoL was lower in post-thyroidectomy patients than in controls. No intergroup difference in QoL was found >1-year post-surgery.

14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248442

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: The long-term quality of life (QoL) in patients with low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) underwent active surveillance (AS) and immediate surgery is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of initial treatment choice on 2-year QoL in patients with low-risk PTMC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed 2,652 QoL surveys from 1,055 subjects enrolled in ongoing multicenter prospective cohort study on active surveillance of PTMC, in which the median follow-up duration was 24.4 months. MAJOR OUTCOME MEASURE: We evaluated QoL of patients with low-risk PTMC according to their treatment modality using generalized estimating equation. RESULTS: Six hundred seventy-four subjects (male = 161; mean age = 48.8 ± 11.9 years) with low-risk PTMC chose AS while 381 subjects (male = 75; mean age = 45.7 ± 10.4 years) chose immediate surgery, including lobectomy/isthmusectomy (L/I) and total thyroidectomy (TT). Among the 817 subjects who completed baseline QoL surveys, 2-year QoL was good in order of AS (n = 500), L/I (n = 238), and TT (n = 79) groups after adjustment for age, sex, baseline tumor size, and baseline QoL scores. Among the 101 subjects who changed their treatment from AS to surgery during the follow-up period, 35 subjects who changed treatment due to disease progression had better QoL compared to 66 subjects who had no disease progression. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified QoL as a major issue in choosing an initial treatment of low-risk PTMC and highlighted the possibility of using AS as the primary treatment.

15.
Brain Dev ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248856

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: CHOPS syndrome, caused by a mutation in the AFF4 gene, is a recently established and extremely rare genetic disorder, which has moderate phenotypic overlap with Cornelia de Lange syndrome. The main phenotypes include characteristic facial features, short stature, obesity, skeletal and pulmonary involvement, and neurodevelopmental impairment. CASE REPORT: We report on a Korean girl with CHOPS syndrome presenting with an atypical manifestation. The patient was referred to the out-patient clinic to evaluate the underlying etiology of short stature, obesity, developmental delay, and Moyamoya disease. The patient showed characteristic facial features including a round face, thick eyebrows, and synophrys. Her developmental milestones had been delayed since infancy and a moderate degree of intellectual disability persisted. She was also diagnosed with Moyamoya disease at 6 years of age and had undergone synangiosis surgery thrice. Her renal arteries and infrarenal aorta were diffusely narrowed. A novel de novo missense variant, c.758C > T (p.Pro253Leu) in AFF4 was identified by whole exome sequencing. No additional candidate variants for her vascular manifestation were found except a susceptibility variant, c.14429G > A (p.Arg4810Lys) in RNF213, inherited from asymptomatic mother. CONCLUSION: This is the first case of CHOPS syndrome accompanied by systemic vasculopathy. More clinical observations and functional studies are required to clarify this association.

16.
Int Neurourol J ; 24(3): 191-199, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017890

RESUMEN

The neurological coordination of the lower urinary tract can be analyzed from the perspective of motor neurons or sensory neurons. First, sensory nerves with receptors in the bladder and urethra transmits stimuli to the cerebral cortex through the periaqueductal gray (PAG) of the midbrain. Upon the recognition of stimuli, the cerebrum carries out decision-making in response. Motor neurons are divided into upper motor neurons (UMNs) and lower motor neurons (LMNs) and UMNs coordinate storage and urination in the brainstem for synergic voiding. In contrast, LMNs, which originate in the spinal cord, cause muscles to contract. These neurons are present in the sacrum, and in particular, a specific neuron group called Onuf's nucleus is responsible for the contraction of the external urethral sphincter and maintains continence in states of rising vesical pressure through voluntary contraction of the sphincter. Parasympathetic neurons originating from S2-S4 are responsible for the contraction of bladder muscles, while sympathetic neurons are responsible for contraction of the urethral smooth muscle, including the bladder neck, during the guarding reflex. UMNs are controlled in the pons where various motor stimuli to the LMNs are directed along with control to various other pelvic organs, and in the PAG, where complex signals from the brain are received and integrated. Future understanding of the complex mechanisms of micturition requires integrative knowledge from various fields encompassing these distinct disciplines.

17.
EMBO Rep ; 21(10): e49332, 2020 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875703

RESUMEN

Autotaxin (ATX) converts lysophosphatidylcholine and sphingosyl-phosphorylcholine into lysophosphatidic acid and sphingosine 1-phosphate, respectively. Despite the pivotal function of ATX in lipid metabolism, mechanisms by which ATX regulates immune and inflammatory disorders remain elusive. Here, using myeloid cell lineage-restricted Atx knockout mice, we show that Atx deficiency disrupts membrane microdomains and lipid rafts, resulting in the inhibition of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) complex formation and the suppression of adaptor recruitment, thereby inhibiting TLR4-mediated responses in macrophages. Accordingly, TLR4-induced innate immune functions, including phagocytosis and iNOS expression, are attenuated in Atx-deficient macrophages. Consequently, Atx-/- mice exhibit a higher bacterial prevalence in the intestinal mucosa compared to controls. When combined with global Il10-/- mice, which show spontaneous colitis due to the translocation of luminal commensal microbes into the mucosa, myeloid cell lineage-restricted Atx knockout accelerates colitis development compared to control littermates. Collectively, our data reveal that Atx deficiency compromises innate immune responses, thereby promoting microbe-associated gut inflammation.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Sep 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992840

RESUMEN

Lichens, composite organisms resulting from the symbiotic association between the fungi and algae, produce a variety of secondary metabolites that exhibit pharmacological activities. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activities of the secondary metabolite atraric acid produced by Heterodermia hypoleuca. The results confirmed that atraric acid could regulate induced pro-inflammatory cytokine, nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, induced nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Meanwhile, atraric acid downregulated the expression of phosphorylated IκB, extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) signaling pathway to exhibit anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Based on these results, the anti-inflammatory effect of atraric acid during LPS-induced endotoxin shock in a mouse model was confirmed. In the atraric acid treated-group, cytokine production was decreased in the peritoneum and serum, and each organ damaged by LPS-stimulation was recovered. These results indicate that atraric acid has an anti-inflammatory effect, which may be the underlying molecular mechanism involved in the inactivation of the ERK/NFκB signaling pathway, demonstrating its potential therapeutic value for treating inflammatory diseases.

20.
Ann Coloproctol ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972096

RESUMEN

Synchronous quadruple colorectal cancer (CRC) is extremely rare without genetic alterations. We present a case of synchronous quadruple CRC with 2 lesions previously obscured by ischemic colitis. A 73-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department. An abdominal computed tomography revealed ischemic colitis and irregular wall thickening of the sigmoid colon and sigmoid-descending junction, suspicious of 2 colon cancers. A colonoscopy examination revealed a fungating mass 20 cm from the anal verge, as well as ischemic colitis spanning the mucosa from the sigmoid colon to the transverse colon. The patient underwent laparoscopic Hartmann procedure. Pathologic examination confirmed both lesions as adenocarcinomas with microsatellite stable. Seven months postoperatively, instead of a laparoscopic Hartmann reversal, a laparoscopic total colectomy was performed due to the continued presence of severe ischemic colitis. The pathologic report suggested the presence of 2 distinct invasive adenocarcinomas in the descending colon without genetic alterations such as microsatellite instability.

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