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1.
Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 13(1): 25-29, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487611

RESUMEN

Objective: Surgical site infection (SSI) is an unsettled complication seen in any surgery. The aim of this study is to assess the rate of postoperative SSIs between total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) and total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH). Can the rate of SSI be reduced with the use of a laparoscopic mode of hysterectomy over abdominal? Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective comparative study. The study was conducted in the obstetrics and gynecology department at a tertiary care center from June 2016 to March 2020. A total of 300 patients who underwent hysterectomy either via laparoscopic or abdominal route were included in the study. They were subdivided into two groups: a total of 167 underwent TLH (Group 1) and 133 had TAH (Group 2). The results were compared. It included the age and body mass index of the patient, indication of surgery, size of the uterus, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative SSIs, duration of hospital stay, and readmission rates. Results: It was found a high rate of SSI in TAH (82.4% vs. 17.6%, P < 0.001, Cramer's V-0.18), the operative time taken (75 ± 25 min vs. 128 ± 52 min, P < 0.001), and the mean blood loss during TLH (110 ± 30 ml vs. 160 ± 116 ml, P < 0.001) was found significant for patients. The hospital stay after TLH was found to be significantly shorter (4 ± 2.47 days vs. 7 ± 2.43, P < 0.001). Conclusion: TLH has improved the psychological, physical, and financial burden on the health care department. Thus, it has proved a preferred route over TAH.

2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(1): 249-256, 2023 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588245

RESUMEN

Purpose: To report the clinico-demographic profile of rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) in patients during the "second wave" of the COVID-19 pandemic in eastern India, and their ophthalmic manifestations at presentation to our tertiary institute. Methods: Cross-sectional study amongst patients presenting to our center based on their hospital records. Demographic information, history related to COVID-19, records of detailed ocular examination, and microbiological, radiological, and histopathological investigation were entered into an online worksheet and analyzed using SPSS 26.0. Results: A total of 219 patients with ROCM were treated from May to September 2021, and 110 of these had ocular manifestations at presentation (50.2%). The age of patients ranged from 22 to 83 years and the mean ± standard deviation (SD) age was 49.9 ± 12.9 years. Ninety (81.8%) patients had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, 31 (34%) had hypertension, and 10 had other comorbidities. The duration between the onset of COVID-19 and mucormycosis symptoms was 0 to 60 days with a mean ± SD interval of 20.9 ± 12.6 days. Fifty-six (50.9%) patients had a history of steroid use. Unrelenting ocular or facial pain was the most common presenting symptom, ptosis was the most common anterior segment manifestation, and ophthalmic artery occlusion was the most common posterior segment manifestation. Conclusion: Our data from eastern India reinforces the relationship between COVID-19, diabetes, corticosteroid use, and ROCM. Knowledge of various presenting anterior and posterior segment manifestations of the disease as described in the present study will guide clinicians to recognize the disease early and make every effort to prevent complications.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Mucormicosis , Enfermedades Orbitales , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Mucormicosis/diagnóstico , Mucormicosis/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Pandemias , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo
3.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 11(6): 2802-2810, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119217

RESUMEN

Introduction: Acute surge in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID)-associated mucormycosis (CAM) cases was reported during mid-May 2021, which was later declared an epidemic in various states of India including Bihar. Objective: We carried out a rapid investigation of CAM cases to describe the epidemiological and clinical profiles and find plausible predictors to guide the initiation of public health actions. Methods: A team of public health specialists contacted all the CAM cases reported to our hospital to collect relevant information using a case-investigation-form. In addition, the team visited the Flu Clinic and Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) outpatient department (OPD) to capture CAM cases on daily basis during the period of the acute surge of CAM cases. Results: About 88% of 130 CAM cases reported during the period of the acute surge were in the advanced stage of mucormycosis. The majority of the CAM cases were younger (less than 60 years) [76.2%], diabetics [65.4%], un-vaccinated [86.9%], and had used steroids for management of COVID-19 [64.6%]. Other findings of public health importance were summarized and possible public health actions were recommended for the prevention of outbreaks in future. Conclusion: Optimum management of diabetes including screening for each COVID case, rational use of steroids only when necessary, strict adherence to COVID appropriate behavior by health professionals as well as the public, increasing COVID vaccine coverage, CAM awareness, and setting up a CAM surveillance mechanism may be the key to prevent and control CAM outbreaks in future.

4.
IJID Reg ; 3: 168-170, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35755460

RESUMEN

A 5-year-boy from Bihar, India was admitted to a tertiary care hospital with painful swelling over both lower limbs and buttocks, which had been increasing progressively for the past 1 year. The condition was initially undiagnosed and was later misdiagnosed as non-infective panniculitis, delaying treatment. Subsequently, the patient was diagnosed with subcutaneous entomophthoramycosis caused by Basidiobolus spp. A preliminary diagnosis was made by considering the history, clinical features, radiological findings and histopathological examination of the biopsied tissue. The confirmatory diagnosis was made using conventional techniques on aspirated pus, which included KOH wet mount and fungal culture on Sabouraud dextrose agar tubes incubated at 28°C and 37°C, respectively. Lactophenol cotton blue mount and slide culture were performed for identification of the fungal isolate. The patient responded well to oral itraconazole and oral potassium iodide. Delayed diagnosis and extensive involvement in a rare case of subcutaneous entomophthoramycosis causing panniculitis emphasizes the importance of correct diagnosis and appropriate, effective treatment.

5.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(11)2021 Oct 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829178

RESUMEN

Fusarium species are among the most commonly isolated causes of fungal keratitis. Most species of the genus Fusarium belong to Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC). Fusarium lichenicola, a member of the FSSC complex, is a well-established plant and human pathogen. However, reports of fungal keratitis due to Fusarium lichenicola have not been frequently reported. To the best of our knowledge, only twelve cases of Fusarium lichenicola keratitis have been reported in the past fifty years. Clinical cases of Fusarium lichenicola may have most likely been misidentified because of the lack of clinical and microbiological suspicion, as well as inadequate diagnostic facilities in many tropical countries where the burden of the disease may be the highest. We report a case of fungal keratitis caused by Fusarium lichenicola and present a global review of the literature of all cases of fungal keratitis caused by this potentially blinding fungus.

6.
Access Microbiol ; 3(9): 000260, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712905

RESUMEN

Melioidosis, a disease with protean clinical manifestations, is prevalent in many parts of India, with established endemic hotspots on the southern coast of the country. However, it is still underdiagnosed in many resource-poor regions of the country. We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of melioidosis diagnosed and treated in Bihar, an economically underdeveloped state in East India. The patient, a 52-year-old diabetic male, presented to the outpatient department with a fever of insidious onset along with pain and restriction of movement in the right shoulder joint and right knee joint, and swelling and tenderness of bilateral ankle joints. Radiological features were suggestive of multiple joint and organ abscesses. A diagnosis of disseminated septicaemic melioidosis was confirmed microbiologically. The patient improved clinically following aggressive treatment with meropenem and cotrimoxazole. The case highlights the need for increased clinical suspicion of melioidosis and adequate diagnostic facilities, as well as the need for early institution of appropriate empirical antibiotics in suspected cases of melioidosis in this region of the world.

7.
Indian J Med Res ; 147(2): 189-194, 2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29806608

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: : Bartonella henselae causes infections which closely resemble febrile illness and chronic diseases such as tuberculosis and haematological malignancies. There are not many studies on Bartonella infections from India. The present study was undertaken to diagnose B. henselae infection in diverse clinical conditions in a tertiary care hospital in north India. METHODS: A total of 145 patients including those with fever and lymphadenopathy, infective endocarditis and neuroretinitis were enrolled in the study. Whole blood, serum and lymph node aspirate and valvular vegetations if available, were obtained. Samples were plated on chocolate agar and brain-heart infusion agar containing five per cent fresh rabbit blood and were incubated at 35°C for at least four weeks in five per cent CO2with high humidity. Immunofluorescent antibody assay (IFA) was done for the detection of IgM antibodies in the serum using a commercial kit. Whole blood was used to perform polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the citrate synthase gene (gltA). RESULTS: IFA was positive in 11 of 140 (7.85%) patients and PCR was positive in 3 of 140 (2.14%) patients. Culture was negative in all the cases. A higher incidence of Bartonella infection was seen in patients with fever and lymphadenopathy (n=30), seven of whom were children. In ophthalmological conditions, four cases were IFA positive. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that the threat of Bartonella infection is a reality in India. It is also an important treatable cause of fever and lymphadenopathy in children. Serology and PCR are useful tests for its diagnosis. Clinicians should consider. BARTONELLA: infection in the differential diagnosis of febrile illnesses and chronic diseases.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Bartonella/sangre , Bartonella henselae/aislamiento & purificación , Citrato (si)-Sintasa/sangre , Linfadenopatía/sangre , Zoonosis/sangre , Adolescente , Adulto , Animales , Anticuerpos Antibacterianos/sangre , Infecciones por Bartonella/microbiología , Infecciones por Bartonella/transmisión , Bartonella henselae/patogenicidad , Enfermedad por Rasguño de Gato/epidemiología , Enfermedad por Rasguño de Gato/transmisión , Gatos , Niño , Reservorios de Enfermedades , Femenino , Humanos , India/epidemiología , Linfadenopatía/microbiología , Linfadenopatía/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Conejos , Ratas , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Adulto Joven , Zoonosis/epidemiología , Zoonosis/microbiología , Zoonosis/patología
8.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 12(6): 442-447, 2018 Jun 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940295

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown a shift in the prevalence from Gram-positive to Gram-negative bacteraemia in patients with haematological malignancies who develop febrile neutropenia. There are also reports on the spread of drug resistant bacteria among these patients. Information about locally prevalent bacteria and their resistance is important to guide empirical therapy. The aim of this study was to characterise the bacterial spectrum and antibiotic resistance pattern of bacteraemia in neutropenic patients with haematological malignancies METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective study, patients admitted to Haematology and Oncology units over a period of 6 months with laboratory-confirmed positive blood cultures were enrolled. Information regarding demographic profile, clinical features, and microbiological profile were recorded. Standard procedures were applied to identify the isolates and their resistance patterns. The data collected was analysed statistically. RESULTS: 56 isolates from 53 patients were isolated of which majority were gram negative bacilli (GNB; n = 52 or 93%). Klebsiella pneumoniae (43%, n = 24) was the most frequently isolated bacteria followed by Enterobacter sp (20%, n = 11) and Escherichia coli (12%, n = 7). All isolates were susceptible to colistin. Susceptibility to cefaperazone-sulbactam, piperacillin-tazobactam and carbapenems were 32%, 28.6% and 26.8% respectively. The outcome was fatal for 25 patients. CONCLUSIONS: The study documented an alarming rise in the prevalence of GNB and their resistance. Though the results of the study may represent only the tip of the iceberg, the results demonstrate the need for treatment options for drug resistant isolates and for surveillance cultures.

10.
J Virol Methods ; 203: 1-4, 2014 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24671025

RESUMEN

Molecular viral load assays are routinely used in high income countries for monitoring the copy number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA. However, they require sophisticated facilities and expensive reagents and instruments. Hence, their routine use for patients belonging to resource limited settings is difficult and a low cost alternative is the need of the hour. This was a cross sectional study that analyzed and compared a reverse transcriptase enzyme based assay (Cavidi ExaVir Load version 3) with a real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay (Roche COBAS TaqMan) in resource limited settings with subtype C predominance. The study included 75 HIV-1 positive treatment naïve patients whose CD4+ T lymphocytes count was estimated using BD FACS system and viral loads were quantified using both Cavidi ExaVir Load assay version 3 and Roche COBAS TaqMan Real Time PCR assay. The statistical analysis was performed using the Graph Pad Prism 5 software. The difference in the mean log10 viral load values was found to be 0.2log10copies/ml. The Bland Altman plot showed a clustering of viral load values toward the lower copy range. 78% of the samples had an agreement of ≤0.5 log10 copies/ml and 90.74% of the samples had an agreement of ≤1 log10 copies/ml. Both the assays showed a trend of negative correlation with the CD4+ T cell counts. The study found that ExaVir Load assay can be used as an alternative to the existing molecular assays in resource limited settings for the purpose of routine viral load measurement and monitoring treatment response.


Asunto(s)
VIH-1/aislamiento & purificación , Reacción en Cadena en Tiempo Real de la Polimerasa/métodos , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa de Transcriptasa Inversa/métodos , Carga Viral/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Recuento de Linfocito CD4 , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , VIH-1/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Adulto Joven
11.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 56(4): 457-9, 2013.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24441248

RESUMEN

Genital tuberculosis is a common cause of female infertility in India. But, it is important to screen for other agents like Chlamydia trachomatis and genital Mycoplasmas as well to avoid persistence of infection and its long-term sequelae. Timely diagnosis of these infections using nucleic acid amplification tests and institution of appropriate therapy will improve the conception rates in infertile women. We report a case of co-infection of Mycoplasma genitalium and Chlamydia trachomatis in an infertile female patient with genital tuberculosis. The infections were diagnosed using polymerase chain reaction, and the patient responded to a combination of antituberculosis therapy and 1 g single-dose Azithromycin.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Chlamydia/patología , Chlamydia trachomatis/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Mycoplasma/patología , Mycoplasma genitalium/aislamiento & purificación , Tuberculosis Urogenital/complicaciones , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Antituberculosos/uso terapéutico , Azitromicina/uso terapéutico , Infecciones por Chlamydia/microbiología , Coinfección/diagnóstico , Coinfección/patología , Femenino , Humanos , India , Infertilidad Femenina/etiología , Infecciones por Mycoplasma/microbiología , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa , Resultado del Tratamiento
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