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1.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2020 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363737

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), referred to as cardiorenal disease, have in clinical trials recently been shown to be preventable in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We examined the manifestation of cardiovascular- and renal disease (CVRD) in T2D patients initially free from CVRD and, second, the associated mortality risks with these diseases. METHODS: CVRD-free patients were identified in health care records from England, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden at a fixed date. CVRD manifestation was defined by first diagnose of cardiorenal disease, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) or peripheral artery disease (PAD) event. Mortality risk associated with single CVRD history of HF, CKD, MI, stroke or PAD was compared with the CVRD-free group. RESULTS: Of 1 177 896 T2D patients; 772 336 (66%) were CVRD-free and followed for mean 4.5 years. 137 081 (18%) developed a first CVRD manifestation, represented by CKD (36%), HF (24%), stroke (16%), MI (14%) and PAD (10%). HF or CKD was associated with increased cardiovascular- and all-cause mortality risk, HR 2.02 (95%CI 1.75-2.33) and 2.05 (1.82-2.32) respectively. HF and CKD were separately associated with significantly increased mortality risks and the combination was associated with the highest cardiovascular- and all-cause mortality risk, HR 3.91 (3.02-5.07) and 3.14 (2.90-3.40). CONCLUSION: In a large multinational study of >750 000 CVRD-free T2D patients, HF and CKD were consistently the most frequent first CVD manifestations and also associated with increased mortality risks. These novel findings show these cardiorenal diseases to be important and serious complication in need of improved preventive strategies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Nitric Oxide ; 2020 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407788

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels are related to various clinical diseases. This study investigated the associations between the clinical characteristics and the level of fractional exhaled nitric oxide in patients with adult congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide values were measured in 30 adult patients with stable congenital heart disease who had undergone right heart catheterization and 17 healthy individuals (controls). There was no significant difference in fractional exhaled nitric oxide values between patients with congenital heart disease and healthy controls. Depending on whether their fractional exhaled nitric oxide values were above or below the median value, patients with congenital heart disease were divided into two groups (low vs. high fractional exhaled nitric oxide groups). The relationship between fractional exhaled nitric oxide values and clinical characteristics was investigated. There was a higher percentage of patients with cyanosis in the low fractional exhaled nitric oxide group (50%) than in the high fractional exhaled nitric oxide group (7.1%). There was no significant difference in right heart catheterization data between the low and high fractional exhaled nitric oxide groups. The fractional exhaled nitric oxide value was correlated to the number of neutrophils in patients with cyanosis (r = 0.84 (N = 8), p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with adult congenital heart disease, lower levels of fractional exhaled nitric oxide corresponded to the presence of cyanosis.

3.
J Hypertens ; 38(6): 1140-1148, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371804

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness is currently recognized as an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation, although the pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association of arterial stiffness with left atrial (LA) volume and phasic function in a community-based cohort. METHODS: We included 1156 participants without overt cardiovascular disease who underwent extensive cardiovascular examination. Arterial stiffness was evaluated by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). Speckle-tracking echocardiography was employed to evaluate LA phasic function including reservoir, conduit, and pump strain as well as left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS). RESULTS: CAVI was negatively correlated with reservoir and conduit strain (r = -0.37 and -0.45, both P < 0.001), whereas weakly, but positively correlated with LA volume index and pump strain (r = 0.12 and 0.09, both P < 0.01). In multivariable analysis, CAVI was significantly associated with reservoir and conduit strain independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and LV morphology and function including LVGLS (standardized ß = -0.22 and -0.27, respectively, both P < 0.001), whereas there was no independent association with LA volume index and pump strain. In the categorical analysis, the abnormal CAVI (≥9.0) carried the significant risk of impaired reservoir and conduit strain (adjusted odds ratio = 2.61 and 3.73 vs. normal CAVI, both P < 0.01) in a fully adjusted model including laboratory and echocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSION: Arterial stiffness was independently associated with LA phasic function, even in the absence of overt cardiovascular disease, which may explain the higher incidence of atrial fibrillation in individuals with increased arterial stiffness.

4.
Circ J ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350235

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite the rapidly increasing attention being given to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, more commonly known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the relationship between cardiovascular disease and COVID-19 has not been fully described.Methods and Results:A systematic review was undertaken to summarize the important aspects of COVID-19 for cardiologists. Protection both for patients and healthcare providers, indication for treatments, collaboration with other departments and hospitals, and regular update of information are essentials to front COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Because the chief manifestations of COVID-19 infection are respiratory and acute respiratory distress syndrome, cardiologists do not see infected patients directly. Cardiologists need to be better prepared regarding standard disinfection procedures, and be aware of the indications for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and its use in the critical care setting.

5.
J Cardiol ; 2020 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402668

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The conventional treatment goal for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is improving hemodynamic status, particularly mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP); however, some patients complain of impaired quality of life (QOL) caused by dyspnea on effort, even after hemodynamic status has fully improved. It remains unclear whether treatment for CTEPH can improve patients' QOL or whether quantitative measures of QOL correlate with hemodynamic status. This study quantified QOL among Japanese CTEPH patients and investigated whether balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) improved QOL. METHODS AND RESULTS: We calculated the QOL scores of 45 CTEPH patients using the European Quality of Life Five Dimension scale (EQ-5D). The mean QOL score among 12 of those 45 not involved in any therapy except supplemental oxygen at the time of initial measurement was 0.673 ± 0.251. QOL was measured before and after BPA for 17 patients, and the mean significantly improved (QOL from 0.741 ± 0.195 to 0.802 ± 0.160, p < 0.05; mPAP from 33.0 ± 8.4 to 23.4 ± 4.2 mmHg, p < 0.05; pulmonary vascular resistance from 441.4 ± 214.2 to 268.4 ± 85.6 dyne/s/cm5, p < 0.05). Moreover, the index significantly correlated with mPAP (r = -0.37, p < 0.05), pulmonary vascular resistance (r = -0.40, p < 0.05), 6-min walking distance (r = 0.45, p < 0.05), and percutaneous oxygen saturation at rest (r = 0.32, p < 0.05). Regarding individual items, median values improved only regarding "usual activities." Our findings prove that BPA improved QOL measured by the EQ-5D in Japanese CTEPH patients by improving "usual activities" scores. CONCLUSION: BPA improved QOL in patients with CTEPH mainly by improving "usual activities," besides the improvement in mPAP.

6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333723

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the vascular response of lesions with a layered phenotype. BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that layered plaques at culprit lesions detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) have greater plaque burden and more inflammatory features than non-layered plaques. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study. A total of 193 target lesions from 193 patients [100 patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and 93 with stable angina pectoris (SAP)] who had undergone OCT imaging of the culprit lesion both before and after stenting were included. Layered plaques were identified by OCT as plaques with layers of different optical density. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of a layered phenotype at the culprit lesion, and pre- and post-procedure OCT findings were compared. RESULTS: Among 193 patients, 36 (36.0%) lesions in ACS patients and 56 (60.2%) lesions in SAP patients were found to have a layered phenotype at the culprit lesion. At baseline, percent area stenosis was greater in layered plaque than in non-layered plaque (p = .019). Following stent implantation, the stent expansion ratio and mean stent eccentricity index were significantly lower in layered plaques than in non-layered plaques (p = .041, p = .017, respectively), mainly derived from ACS patients. CONCLUSION: Following stent implantation, plaques with a layered phenotype had less stent expansion and more eccentric lumens. Aggressive balloon dilation may be required to obtain optimal stent outcomes in patients with a layered plaque phenotype at the culprit lesion.

8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 160, 2020 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252654

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that being overweight, obese, or underweight is a risk factor for ischemic cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, CVD also occurs in subjects with ideal body mass index (BMI). Recently, the balance of n-3/n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has received attention as a risk marker for CVD but, so far, no study has been conducted that investigates the association between BMI and the balance of n-3/n-6 PUFAs for CVD risk. METHODS: We evaluated the association between n-3/n-6 PUFA ratio and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in three BMI-based groups (< 25: low BMI, 25-27.5: moderate BMI, and ≥ 27.5: high BMI) that included 1666 patients who visited the cardiovascular medicine departments of five hospitals located in urban areas in Japan. RESULTS: The prevalence of ACS events was 9.2, 7.3, and 10.3% in the low, moderate, and high BMI groups, respectively. We analyzed the relationship between ACS events and several factors, including docosahexaenoic acid/arachidonic acid (DHA/AA) ratio by multivariate logistic analyses. In the low BMI group, a history of smoking (odds ratio [OR]: 2.47, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.40-4.35) and low DHA/AA ratio (OR: 0.30, 95% CI: 0.12-0.74) strongly predicted ACS. These associations were also present in the moderate BMI group but the magnitude of the association was much weaker (ORs are 1.47 [95% CI: 0.54-4.01] for smoking and 0.63 [95% CI: 0.13-3.10] for DHA/AA). In the high BMI group, the association of DHA/AA (OR: 1.98, 95% CI: 0.48-8.24) was reversed and only high HbA1c (OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.03-2.08) strongly predicted ACS. The interaction test for OR estimates (two degrees of freedom) showed moderate evidence for reverse DHA/AA ratio-ACS associations among the BMI groups (P = 0.091). CONCLUSIONS: DHA/AA ratio may be a useful marker for risk stratification of ACS, especially in non-obese patients.

9.
J Dermatol ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232898

RESUMEN

Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of vasculopathy associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry is a rapid and non-invasive technique to assess peripheral microvascular endothelial function by measuring changes in digital pulse volume during reactive hyperemia. Low scores of the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) imply an impaired vasodilatory response and, accordingly, impaired endothelial and vascular health. To investigate the clinical significance of the RHI in SSc patients, RHI values were measured in 43 SSc patients and 10 healthy controls. In diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) patients, RHI values were significantly decreased compared with healthy controls, and inversely correlated with disease duration. In total SSc patients, there was a significant inverse correlation between RHI values and skin score, and interstitial lung disease was associated with the decrease in RHI values. Among vascular symptoms, the current and past history of digital ulcers was seen more frequently in patients with decreased RHI values than in those with normal RHI values. Although no SSc patients had pulmonary arterial hypertension, an inverse correlation was evident between RHI values and mean pulmonary arterial pressure measured by right heart catheterization. These results indicate that the decrease in RHI values is associated with skin fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, digital ulcers and pulmonary vascular involvement leading to pulmonary arterial hypertension, supporting the canonical idea that endothelial dysfunction is a critical event underlying the development of tissue fibrosis and vascular complications in SSc.

10.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253826

RESUMEN

AIMS: Although serum uric acid (SUA) level is correlated with oxidative stress and serves as a marker of poor prognosis in heart failure patients, its possible association with subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction has not been evaluated. This study aimed to investigate the association between SUA and subclinical LV dysfunction in a sample of a general population without overt cardiac disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 1175 participants who underwent extensive cardiovascular health check-up including laboratory tests and speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess LV global longitudinal strain (GLS). The association of SUA concentration, as a continuous variable and a categorical variable using quartiles, with the presence of abnormal LVGLS was assessed. Mean age was 62 ± 12 years, and 656 (56%) were male participants. Mean SUA was 5.6 ± 1.3 mg/dL (25th-75th percentile, 4.6-6.5 mg/dL). The prevalence of abnormal LVGLS (greater than -18.6%) was greatest in the upper quartile of SUA. In multivariable analysis, SUA as a continuous variable was significantly associated with abnormal LVGLS [adjusted odds ratio (OR), 1.26 per 1 mg/dL; P = 0.008] independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, pertinent laboratory parameters and echocardiographic measures, and medications. In the categorical analysis, the upper quartile of SUA was independently associated with abnormal LVGLS in a fully adjusted model (adjusted OR, 2.28 vs. lowest quartile; P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: In a sample of the general population, an elevated SUA was independently associated with subclinical LV dysfunction. Assessment of LVGLS may add important prognostic information in individuals with elevated SUA, even in the absence of overt cardiac disease.

11.
Int Heart J ; 61(2): 413-418, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224603

RESUMEN

Anticentriole autoantibodies-positive systemic sclerosis (SSc) has been reported to develop pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) at a high rate. In this report, we describe two patients with anticentriole antibodies-positive SSc-PAH who were treated with pulmonary vasodilators. Both cases were elderly women with poor physical conditions and clinical findings of SSc. Case 1 was resistant to combination therapy with pulmonary vasodilators; in Case 2, hemodynamic improvement was obtained by upfront combination therapy at an early stage. Because anticentriole antibodies-positive SSc-PAH rapidly deteriorates, careful hemodynamic observation and timely aggressive use of pulmonary vasodilators should be considered.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Antinucleares/inmunología , Centriolos/inmunología , Antagonistas de los Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapéutico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico , Esclerodermia Sistémica/inmunología , Vasodilatadores/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Autoanticuerpos/inmunología , Bosentán/uso terapéutico , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Quimioterapia Combinada , Epoprostenol/análogos & derivados , Epoprostenol/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Volumen Espiratorio Forzado , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapéutico , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/uso terapéutico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagen , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/etiología , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatología , Capacidad de Difusión Pulmonar , Pirimidinas/uso terapéutico , Esclerodermia Sistémica/complicaciones , Esclerodermia Sistémica/tratamiento farmacológico , Citrato de Sildenafil/uso terapéutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapéutico , Tadalafilo/uso terapéutico , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
12.
Int J Cardiol ; 309: 1-7, 2020 Jun 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220487

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the therapeutic effect of long-term cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and no large-scale survey of cardiovascular outcomes after long-term CR is reported. METHODS: This cohort study included 9981 patients undergoing CR from 2004 to 2015. Patients who had supervised CR were divided into three groups according to CR duration: up to acute phase (until discharge, Phase I group), up to recovery phase (≤150 days, Phase II group), and up to maintenance phase (>150 days, Phase III group). Using propensity score matching, mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were compared among the groups. RESULTS: Follow-up period was 4.9 ± 3.0 years. Adult patients were divided into three groups (Phase I group: n = 4649, Phase II group: n = 3271, and Phase III group: n = 731). After propensity score matching, the risk of death and MACE was extremely lower in Phase III group than in Phase I or Phase II group (death: HR 0.47, P < 0.01, HR 0.64, P < 0.01, and MACE: HR 0.48, P < 0.01, HR 0.70, P < 0.01). Most patients in Phase II group had better survival than those in Phase I group. Subpopulations of female patients and those with dyslipidemia, smoking history, coronary artery bypass graft, or heart failure had better survival in Phase III group than in Phase II group. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term supervised CR for patients with cardiovascular diseases is more effective than short-term CR.

14.
Circ J ; 84(4): 670-676, 2020 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132310

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infective endocarditis (HAIE) has become increasingly recognized worldwide because the underlying patient conditions are completely different from those of community-acquired infective endocarditis (CIE). However, data on HAIE in the Japanese population is lacking. We sought to clarify the patient characteristics and prognosis of HAIE in a Japanese population.Methods and Results:A retrospective study was conducted in 158 patients who were diagnosed with infective endocarditis, 53 of whom (33.5%) were classified as HAIE. Compared with patients with CIE, those with HAIE were older (median age 72 vs. 61 years; P=0.0002) and received surgical treatment less frequently (41.5% vs. 62.9%; P=0.01). Regarding causative microorganisms, staphylococci,including methicillin-resistant pathogens, were more common in patients with HAIE (32.1% vs. 14.3%; P=0.01). Patients with HAIE had higher in-hospital mortality (32.1% vs. 4.8%; P<0.0001) and Kaplan-Meier analysis showed worse prognosis for patients with HAIE than CIE (P<0.0001, log-rank test). On multivariate Cox analysis, HAIE (hazard ratio 3.26; 95% confidence interval 1.49-7.14), age ≥60 years, surgical treatment, stroke, and heart failure were independently associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: HAIE has different clinical characteristics and causative microorganisms, as well as worse prognosis, than CIE. Preventive strategies, and the prompt and appropriate identification of HAIE may improve the outcome of infective endocarditis.

15.
Intern Med ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132339

RESUMEN

A 49-year-old man was diagnosed with acute cardiac insufficiency based on evidence of congestive heart failure. The non-invasive measurement of the cardiac output using an AESCULON® mini showed low cardiac output (CO, 3.9 L/min). We administered an intravenous diuretic for cardiac edema and dobutamine drip for low cardiac output. Soon after starting dobutamine at 3.2 γ (microg/kg/min), the CO improved to 6.8 L/min. Combination therapy of diuretic and dobutamine resolved the heart failure. CO measurement by an AESCULON® mini was safe, cost-effective, and convenient. Data output correlates with the CO by Swan-Gantz catheterization. The non-invasive measurement of the CO permitted a smooth recovery without recurrence in this patient.

16.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004209

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness is currently recognized as an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation, although the pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association of arterial stiffness with left atrial (LA) volume and phasic function in a community-based cohort. METHODS: We included 1156 participants without overt cardiovascular disease who underwent extensive cardiovascular examination. Arterial stiffness was evaluated by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). Speckle-tracking echocardiography was employed to evaluate LA phasic function including reservoir, conduit, and pump strain as well as left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS). RESULTS: CAVI was negatively correlated with reservoir and conduit strain (r = -0.37 and -0.45, both P < 0.001), whereas weakly, but positively correlated with LA volume index and pump strain (r = 0.12 and 0.09, both P < 0.01). In multivariable analysis, CAVI was significantly associated with reservoir and conduit strain independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and LV morphology and function including LVGLS (standardized ß = -0.22 and -0.27, respectively, both P < 0.001), whereas there was no independent association with LA volume index and pump strain. In the categorical analysis, the abnormal CAVI (≥9.0) carried the significant risk of impaired reservoir and conduit strain (adjusted odds ratio = 2.61 and 3.73 vs. normal CAVI, both P < 0.01) in a fully adjusted model including laboratory and echocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSION: Arterial stiffness was independently associated with LA phasic function, even in the absence of overt cardiovascular disease, which may explain the higher incidence of atrial fibrillation in individuals with increased arterial stiffness.

17.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487320904641, 2020 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046522

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Air pollution including particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5) increases the risk of acute myocardial infarction. However, whether short-term exposure to PM2.5 triggers the onset of myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries, compared with myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease, has not been elucidated. This study aimed to estimate the association between short-term exposure to PM2.5 and admission for acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease, and myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries. DESIGN: This was a time-stratified case-crossover study and multicenter validation study. METHODS: This study used a nationwide administrative database in Japan between April 2012-March 2016. Of 137,678 acute myocardial infarction cases, 123,633 myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease and 14,045 myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries were identified by a validated algorithm combined with International Classification of Disease (10th revision), diagnostic, and procedure codes. Air pollutants and meteorological data were obtained from the monitoring station nearest to the admitting hospital. RESULTS: In spring (March-May), the short-term increase of 10 µg/m3 in PM2.5 2 days before admission was significantly associated with admission for acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries, and myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease after adjustment for meteorological variables (odds ratio 1.060, 95% confidence interval 1.038-1.082; odds ratio 1.151, 1.079-1.227; odds ratio 1.049, 1.026-1.073, respectively), while the association was not significant in other variables. These associations were also observed after adjustment for other co-pollutants. The risk for myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (vs myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease) was associated with an even lower concentration of PM2.5 under the current environmental standards. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the seasonal difference of acute myocardial infarction risk attributable to PM2.5 and the difference in the threshold of triggering the onset of acute myocardial infarction subtype.

18.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101838

RESUMEN

AIM: Synthetic vascular grafts are widely used in surgical revascularization, mainly for medium- to large-sized vessels. However, synthetic grafts smaller than 6 mm in diameter are associated with a high incidence of thrombosis. In this study, we evaluated silk fibroin, a major protein of silk, with high biocompatibility and biodegradability, as a useful material for extremely-small-diameter vascular grafts. METHODS: A small-sized (0.9 mm inner diameter) graft was braided from a silk fibroin thread. The right carotid arteries of 8- to 14-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were cut at the midpoint, and fibroin grafts (5- to 7-mm in length) were transplanted using a cuff technique with polyimide cuffs. The grafts were harvested at different time points and analyzed histologically. RESULTS: CD31+ endothelial cells had already started to proliferate at 2 weeks after implantation. At 4 weeks, neointima had formed with α-smooth muscle actin+ cells, and the luminal surface was covered with CD31+endothelial cells. Mac3+ macrophages were accumulated in the grafts. Graft patency was confirmed at up to 6 months after implantation. CONCLUSION: This mouse model of arterial graft implantation enables us to analyze the remodeling process and biocompatibility of extremely-small-diameter vascular grafts. Biodegradable silk fibroin might be applicable for further researches using genetically modified mice.

19.
Int Heart J ; 61(1): 15-20, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009122

RESUMEN

Body weight gain in middle age is thought to be mainly attributable to body fat gain. However, the association between the change in body weight and change in fat weight is not fully understood. In this study, we aimed to clarify the association between the changes in body weight and fat weight in a middle-aged general population using a community-based cohort. We studied 3,193 subjects who underwent health check-ups. Fat weight was measured using a TANITA DC-270A body composition analyzer (Tanita Corporation, Tokyo). Good correlation was observed between the changes in body weight and fat weight (Pearson r = 0.88, P < 0.001). Among the study subjects, 408 (13%) were categorized in the weight loss group (weight loss ≥ 5%), 2,442 (76%) in the weight stable group, and 343 (11%) in the weight gain group (weight gain ≥ 5%). The percentage of change in fat weight in relation to the change in body weight was 65% on average in subjects with body weight loss, and 70% on average in those with body weight gain. Good correlation between changes in body weight and fat weight was observed regardless of age, gender, and baseline body mass index. A change in body weight was closely correlated with a change in fat weight among the middle-aged general population. Body weight change in the middle-age population appears to be mainly attributable to the change in fat weight.


Asunto(s)
Tejido Adiposo/crecimiento & desarrollo , Peso Corporal/fisiología , Aumento de Peso/fisiología , Tejido Adiposo/fisiología , Anciano , Composición Corporal , Índice de Masa Corporal , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/epidemiología
20.
Circ J ; 84(3): 509-515, 2020 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023582

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Few data specifically investigate associations between fasting/non-fasting triglycerides (TG) and cardiovascular (CV) events under statin therapy among Japanese diabetic patients.Methods and Results:We recruited 4,988 participants with diabetes from the EMPATHY study. Median follow-up was 3 years. We evaluated associations between serum fasting/non-fasting TG and first CV events in Cox-regression hazard models adjusted by classical risk factors. CV events were defined as (1) major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiac death; and (2) CV diseases (CVD) including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ischemic stroke, or large artery disease or peripheral arterial disease. Fasting as well as non-fasting TG were associated with MACE (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.017 per 10 mg/dL; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.000-1.037; P=0.046, adjusted HR: 1.028 per 10 mg/dL; 95% CI: 1.006-1.050; P=0.0091) and CVD (adjusted HR: 1.024 per 10 mg/dL; 95% CI: 1.011-1.038; P=4.4×10-3, adjusted HR: 1.028 per 10 mg/dL; 95% CI: 1.010-1.046; P=4.9×10-3). Comparing the top quartile with the bottom quartile of non-fasting TG, adjusted HR significantly increased 5.18 (95% CI: 1.38-18.3, P=0.014) for MACE, and 2.40 (95% CI: 1.11-4.75, P=0.021) for CVD, while adjusted HR did not change when divided into quartile of fasting TG. CONCLUSIONS: Non-fasting TG could be considered as a substitute for fasting TG as a risk stratification for future CV events among Japanese diabetic patients.

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