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J Clin Psychiatry ; 81(1)2019 Dec 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880872


Tardive dyskinesia (TD), a condition of potentially irreversible abnormal involuntary movements that is associated with dopamine receptor blocking agents (DRBAs), produces significant impairment of functioning and quality of life for patients. Contrary to expectations, TD has not vanished despite the introduction of SGAs. Instead, changing prescription practices and increased off-label prescription of DRBAs have placed more patients than ever at risk of this potentially dangerous and disabling condition. This activity provides an overview of treatment strategies for TD as part of an individualized management plan, including DRBA medication adjustment and antidyskinetic treatment.

J Clin Psychiatry ; 81(1)2019 Dec 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846242


Because the symptoms of tardive dyskinesia (TD) have an insidious onset and fluctuating nature, and the risk of TD associated with second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) treatment has been underestimated, it has been challenging for clinicians to make an early and accurate TD diagnosis. More patients are at risk of developing this potentially permanent, disabling condition than ever before because of the widespread use of SGAs; therefore, prevention of TD, if possible, is of utmost importance. Clinicians must use reliable screening tools and diagnostic criteria to assess patients for TD, rule out other abnormal movement conditions, and make an accurate TD diagnosis.

J Parkinsons Dis ; 9(3): 591-600, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081793


BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients using levodopa commonly develop dyskinesia and OFF episodes that reduce quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate prevalence of troublesome dyskinesia and OFF through the day, assessed by 30-minute intervals, as well as the mean number and duration of troublesome dyskinesia and OFF episodes, transitions between PD states, and effects of Gocovri® (amantadine) extended release capsules on these episodes. METHODS: Evaluate diary data from pooled Gocovri phase 3, placebo-controlled trials-analyzed for 17 hours following wake-up-at baseline and week 12. RESULTS: Diaries were evaluable for 162 patients. At baseline, 67% of patients woke up OFF, with prevalence decreasing to 13% at 2 hours and then remaining relatively steady at ∼12% (range, 6-17%) across half-hour intervals thereafter. Troublesome dyskinesia prevalence rose steadily from 5% to 24% over the first 2 hours, then fluctuated between 20% and 44% through the rest of the waking day. At baseline, patients experienced a mean of 3.0 daily episodes of troublesome dyskinesia (average duration 2.0 hours each), and 2.2 daily episodes of OFF (average duration 1.1 hour each). At week 12, Gocovri-treated patients showed greater reductions than placebo in troublesome dyskinesia and OFF episodes per day (treatment difference: -1.0 episodes and -0.4 episodes, respectively) and average episode duration (treatment difference: -0.6 hours and -0.3 hours, respectively). Mean duration of individual episodes of ON without troublesome dyskinesia (Good ON) increased by 5.0 hours for Gocovri, compared with 2.0 hours for placebo. Patients taking Gocovri experienced 2.2 fewer transitions between states than patients taking placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Troublesome dyskinesia and OFF occurred in the morning and throughout the waking day. Gocovri-treated patients experienced fewer, shorter episodes of both troublesome dyskinesia and OFF, thereby increasing the duration of continuous Good ON episodes and reducing the frequency of transitions between motor states.

Expert Rev Neurother ; 17(3): 219-225, 2017 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27813429


INTRODUCTION: Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with Ioflupane I123 injection (DaTscan™) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2011 for striatal dopamine transporter visualization to assist in the evaluation of adult patients with suspected parkinsonian syndromes. While brain SPECT imaging using DaTscan is a covered service under Medicare policy, there is a lack of consensus on its role in routine clinical practice in the US. Areas covered: To address this issue, an expert group of US-based movement disorders neurologists convened to discuss the clinical utility of DaTscan in movement disorders practices within the US. The group identified and discussed routine clinical scenarios where imaging with DaTscan can provide useful information that may impact management and/or clarify clinical diagnoses. This paper summarizes a consensus reached by the expert group at this meeting. Expert commentary: The major utility of DaTscan imaging is the assistance it provides in distinguishing between nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration and non-nigrostriatal degeneration in patients displaying equivocal signs and symptoms of parkinsonism.

Nortropanos , Trastornos Parkinsonianos/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada de Emisión de Fotón Único/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Proteínas de Transporte de Dopamina a través de la Membrana Plasmática , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/diagnóstico