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1.
BMJ Open Qual ; 7(4): e000417, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515469

RESUMEN

Background: One in three people over the age of 65 fall every year, with 1/3 sustaining at least moderate injury. Falls risk reduction requires an interprofessional health team approach. The literature is lacking in effective models to teach students how to work collaboratively in interprofessional teams for geriatric falls prevention. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, administration and outcome measures of an education programme to teach principles of interprofessional care for older adults in the context of falls prevention. Methods: Students from three academic institutions representing 12 health disciplines took part in the education programme over 18 months (n=237). A mixed method one-group pretest and post-test experimental design was implemented to measure the impact of a multistep education model on progression in interprofessional collaboration competencies and satisfaction. Results: Paired t-tests of pre-education to posteducation measures of Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale scores (n=136) demonstrated statistically significant increase in subscales and total scores (p<0.001). Qualitative satisfaction results were strongly positive. Discussion: Results of this study indicate that active interprofessional education can result in positive student attitude regarding interprofessional team-based care, and satisfaction with learning. Lessons learnt in a rapid cycle plan-do-study-act approach are shared to guide replication efforts for other educators. Conclusion: Effective models to teach falls prevention interventions and interprofessional practice are not yet established. This education model is easily replicable and can be used to teach interprofessional teamwork competency skills in falls and other geriatric syndromes.

2.
Am J Nurs ; 118(12): 26-32, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418182

RESUMEN

: Objective: This study compared the advance care planning (ACP)-related beliefs, sense of self-efficacy, education, and practices of RNs and LPNs. METHODS: Data were extrapolated from a larger multisite study that was conducted across seven counties in one midwestern state. The sample consisted of RNs and LPNs working in 29 urban skilled nursing facilities in zip code areas with greater than 10% African American residents. The survey tool, a self-administered written questionnaire, gathered data on participants' demographics and ACP-related beliefs, sense of self-efficacy, education, and practices. The two main outcome variables were the percentage of residents with whom a nurse discussed ACP and the timing of the most recent such discussion. RESULTS: A total of 136 RNs and 178 LPNs completed the survey. Multivariate mixed-model analysis of the two main outcome variables showed that negative beliefs were not significantly associated with the percentage of residents with whom nurses discussed ACP but were significantly associated with the timing of the most recent ACP discussion. Having higher levels of ACP-related self-efficacy and education were significantly and positively associated with both outcome variables. RNs and LPNs did not differ significantly in their ACP-related beliefs, but RNs reported significantly higher levels of self-efficacy and education than LPNs did. CONCLUSIONS: There has been a paucity of research comparing RNs and LPNs regarding their ACP practices in skilled nursing facilities. Better education and policies that empower nurses to take a more active role are critical to increasing conversations about ACP. Further research exploring how the complementary roles of RNs and LPNs can be used to improve ACP processes and inform ACP policies is needed.

3.
Popul Health Manag ; 17(2): 106-11, 2014 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24156664

RESUMEN

The specific aim of the PEACE pilot study was to determine the feasibility of a fully powered study to test the effectiveness of an in-home geriatrics/palliative care interdisciplinary care management intervention for improving measures of utilization, quality of care, and quality of life in enrollees of Ohio's community-based long-term care Medicaid waiver program, PASSPORT. This was a randomized pilot study (n=40 intervention [IG], n=40 usual care) involving new enrollees into PASSPORT who were >60 years old. This was an in-home interdisciplinary chronic illness care management intervention by PASSPORT care managers collaborating with a hospital-based geriatrics/palliative care specialist team and the consumer's primary care physician. This pilot was not powered to test hypotheses; instead, it was hypothesis generating. Primary outcomes measured symptom control, mood, decision making, spirituality, and quality of life. Little difference was seen in primary outcomes; however, utilization favored the IG. At 12 months, the IG had fewer hospital visits (50% vs. 55%, P=0.65) and fewer nursing facility admissions (22.5% vs. 32.5%, P=0.32). Using hospital-based specialists interfacing with a community agency to provide a team-based approach to care of consumers with chronic illnesses was found to be feasible. Lack of change in symptom control or quality of life outcome measures may be related to the tools used, as these were validated in populations closer to the end of life. Data from this pilot study will be used to calculate the sample size needed for a fully powered trial.


Asunto(s)
Planificación Anticipada de Atención/organización & administración , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio/organización & administración , Cuidados a Largo Plazo/organización & administración , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Anciano Frágil , Evaluación Geriátrica/métodos , Promoción de la Salud , Servicios de Salud para Ancianos/organización & administración , Humanos , Comunicación Interdisciplinaria , Masculino , Ohio , Cuidados Paliativos/organización & administración , Proyectos Piloto , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Valores de Referencia , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
Popul Health Manag ; 14(3): 137-42, 2011 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21323461

RESUMEN

Interdisciplinary care management is advocated for optimal care of patients with many types of chronic illnesses; however, few models exist that have been tested using randomized trials. The purpose of this report is to describe the theoretical basis for the After Discharge Management of Low Income Frail Elderly (AD-LIFE) trial, which is an ongoing 2-group randomized trial (total n = 530) to test a chronic illness management and transitional care intervention. The intervention is based on Wagner's chronic illness care model and involves comprehensive posthospitalization nurse-led interdisciplinary care management for low income frail elders with chronic illnesses, employs evidence-based protocols that were developed using the Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE) guidelines, emphasizes patient activation, and integrates with community-based long-term care and other community agencies. The primary aim of the AD-LIFE trial is to test a chronic illness management intervention in vulnerable patients who are eligible for Medicare and Medicaid. This model, with its standardized, evidence-based medical and psychosocial intervention protocols, will be easily transportable to other sites interested in optimizing outcomes for chronically ill older adults. If the results of the AD-LIFE trial demonstrate the superiority of the intervention, then this data will be important for health care policy makers.


Asunto(s)
Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Anciano Frágil , Alta del Paciente , Proyectos de Investigación , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Enfermedad Crónica , Técnicas de Apoyo para la Decisión , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Médicos de Atención Primaria , Pobreza/economía , Pobreza/estadística & datos numéricos , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto , Autocuidado/métodos , Estados Unidos
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