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1.
J Trop Pediatr ; 67(1)2021 01 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367907

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: During the current ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, psychological problems like anxiety, depression, irritability, mood swings, inattention and sleep disturbance are fairly common among quarantined children in several studies. A systematic review of these publications to provide an accurate burden of these psychiatric/behavioral problems is needed for planning mitigating measures by the health authorities. METHODS: Different electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CENTRAL, medRxiv and bioRxiv) were searched for articles describing psychological/behavioral complications in children/adolescents with/without pre-existing behavioral abnormalities and their caregivers related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Only original articles with/without comparator arms and a minimum sample size of 50 were included in the analysis. The pooled estimate of various psychological/behavioral problems was calculated using a random-effect meta-analysis. RESULTS: Fifteen studies describing 22 996 children/adolescents fulfilled the eligibility criteria from a total of 219 records. Overall, 34.5%, 41.7%, 42.3% and 30.8% of children were found to be suffering from anxiety, depression, irritability and inattention. Although the behavior/psychological state of a total of 79.4% of children was affected negatively by the pandemic and quarantine, at least 22.5% of children had a significant fear of COVID-19, and 35.2% and 21.3% of children had boredom and sleep disturbance. Similarly, 52.3% and 27.4% of caregivers developed anxiety and depression, respectively, while being in isolation with children. CONCLUSION: Anxiety, depression, irritability, boredom, inattention and fear of COVID-19 are predominant new-onset psychological problems in children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Children with pre-existing behavioral problems like autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have a high probability of worsening of their behavioral symptoms.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Pandemias , Cuarentena/psicología , Adolescente , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Humanos , Salud Mental , Problema de Conducta
2.
A A Pract ; 14(14): e01355, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278087

RESUMEN

Symptomatic carotid artery disease stenosis warrants open surgical carotid endarterectomy (CEA). However, patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) present unique challenges when vasopressors and volume are used to maintain cerebral perfusion pressure after carotid cross-clamping. This report describes patients with CF-LVADs who underwent CEA. We identify how preload, contractility, afterload, pump speed, mean arterial pressure, and anticoagulation should be addressed to maintain CF-LVAD outflow and cerebral perfusion during the procedure. Anesthesiologists can combine an understanding of continuous-flow physiology with invasive monitors to optimize cardiac output and cerebral blood flow during CEA procedures.

3.
Postgrad Med J ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900824

RESUMEN

Medical migration has become a global phenomenon, partly led by easier air travel, economic factors and the expansion of medical technology. New Zealand has gradually evolved from being 'bicultural' to a multicultural, multitextured society. The movement of the Indian people, particularly Indian physicians, will be the focus of this paper. In the last three decades, migration eligibility in New Zealand has changed from countries of origin or ability to speak English, to profession and skills. Despite struggling with its own issues, New Zealand has proven to be a preferred destination for Indian medical graduates (IMGs). India is widely recognised as the largest 'donor country' for doctors, many of whom go on to establish themselves as leaders and prominent figures in their field. This migration involves three parties: India as a donor country, New Zealand as a recipient country and IMGs as the drivers of this process. Factors behind this growing phenomenon are examined and recommendations are made so that all three parties can benefit from it.

4.
Health Care Women Int ; : 1-25, 2020 Aug 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779972

RESUMEN

From 2005-06 to 2015-16, proportion of cesarean deliveries in total deliveries has almost doubled in India. In this paper, we study changes in prevalence of cesarean deliveries across different social-economic groups and study factors affecting odds of undergoing cesarean delivery. The present paper was based on National Family Health Surveys and employs logistic regression. We find that rise in cesarean deliveries has been across social groups, religions, urban/rural India, wealth groups, though increase has not been uniform. Further, many economically affluent states have high proportion of cesarean deliveries. We find that women delivering at private hospitals had significantly higher odds of opting for cesarean delivery. Further, women belonging to rich households were more likely to go through surgery for birth. In case of earlier terminated pregnancies, odds were higher too. The higher odds of cesarean sections in the relatively affluent geographic regions, richer households and private institutions indicate that these procedures may be driven by non-medical reasons in many cases, pointing toward the use of surgical procedures for the convenience.

5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718887

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine in-hospital outcomes and assess high-risk groups among chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from January 2012 to September 2015 was performed. SETTING: Hospitals across the United States that offer TAVRs or SAVRs. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with a diagnosis of CHF and AS. INTERVENTIONS: The patients underwent either TAVR or SAVR. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Totals of 5,871 and 4,008 CHF patients underwent TAVR and SAVR, respectively. TAVR patients were significantly older, more were female, and had a higher comorbidity burden. No significant differences in in-hospital mortality were noted between TAVR and SAVR. However, mean length of stay was significantly longer by 3.5 days in the SAVR group, as was the mean total cost. With the exception of complete heart block, permanent pacemaker implantation, and vascular complications, the majority of postoperative events were higher among the SAVR group. Multivariate regression analysis identified postoperative cardiac, respiratory and renal complications as significant predictors of in-hospital mortality for both groups. Additionally, age ≥75 years and vascular complications were significant predictors of mortality for patients undergoing TAVR. CONCLUSIONS: Among CHF patients with symptomatic AS, TAVR had similar in-hospital mortality rate compared with SAVR despite higher comorbidity burden. TAVR patients are at a lower risk of cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal complications and might lead to reduced length of hospital stay and cost. Hence, TAVR may be a safer option in this population.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4740, 2020 03 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179772

RESUMEN

Pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) infestation on Bt cotton is a major concern to cotton production in India. The genetic diversity and phylogeographic structure of the insect in light of PBW resistance needs to be revisited. The objective of this study was to identify different haplotypes of pink bollworm and their distribution in India. To achieve this we studied the population structure in 44 cotton growing districts of India. The partial mitochondrial COI sequence analyses of 214 pink bollworm populations collected from 44 geographical locations representing 9 cotton growing states of India were analysed. Genetic diversity analysis exhibited presence of 27 haplotypes, among them Pg_H1 and Pg_H2 were the most common and were present in 143 and 32 populations, respectively. Distributions of pairwise differences obtained with partial COI gene data from the overall Indian populations are unimodal, suggesting population expansion in India. Significant neutrality test on the basis of Tajima' D and Fu's Fs presented a star-shaped haplotype network together with multiple haplotypes. The unimodal mismatch distribution, rejection of neutrality test with significant negative values supported the theory of demographic expansion in cotton pink bollworm populations in India. Genetic data not only provides us with a perspective of population genetics, but also that the two populations of pink bollworm, those occurring early in the season are genetically close to the late season populations with respect to their partial CO1 region. Resistance to Cry toxins does not seem to have had an impact on this region of the mt DNA in populations of pink bollworm.

7.
Am J Ther ; Publish Ahead of Print2020 Dec 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416238
8.
Indian J Crit Care Med ; 23(Suppl 1): S64-S96, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516212

RESUMEN

How to cite this article: Kulkarni AP, Sengar M, Chinnaswamy G, Hegde A, Rodrigues C, Soman R, Khilnani GC, Ramasubban S, Desai M, Pandit R, Khasne R, Shetty A, Gilada T, Bhosale S, Kothekar A, Dixit S, Zirpe K, Mehta Y, Pulinilkunnathil JG, Bhagat V, Khan MS, Narkhede AM, Baliga N, Ammapalli S, Bamne S, Turkar S, Bhat KV, Choudhary J, Kumar R, Divatia JV. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2019;23(Suppl 1): S64-S96.

9.
J Pestic Sci ; 44(2): 97-105, 2019 May 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148937

RESUMEN

Bemisia tabaci, a vector of cotton leaf curl virus disease, is among the most devastating pests causing huge economic losses due to reduced cotton yield and quality. The excessive use of chemical pesticides causes insecticide resistance. Entomopathogenic fungi (EPFs) have a role as mycoinsecticides. The combined use of these insecticides is a promising pest-control option to minimize adverse chemical effects. Thus, we have evaluated 10 EPFs under polyhouse conditions for their virulence against whitefly nymphs and their compatibility with chemical and botanical insecticides. The highest overall biological efficacy index was recorded with Ij-102, followed by Bb-4511, and Ij-089. An in vitro compatibility study was conducted to evaluate the effect of botanical and chemical pesticides on mycelial growth and spore production using the poisoned food technique. The effect of pesticides on the reduction of mycelial growth and conidial production ranged from -169 to 94.1% and -25.6 to 87.6%, respectively. However, Ij-089, Ij-102, Ma-1299, and Bb-4511 were found to be the most compatible with the chemical and botanicals evaluated. Comparatively, spiromesifen, diafenthiuron, buprofezin, pyriproxyfen, and flonicamid were more compatible with EPFs at half doses, as compared to the other chemical pesticides, namely imidacloprid, fipronil, profenophos, and triazophos. These results might provide the basis for future work and indicate that applications of EPFs showing the best virulence and compatibility have the maximum likelihood for the management of B. tabaci in the field in an integrated pest management system.

11.
Emerg Med Australas ; 31(4): 619-625, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30811901

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Staff wellbeing is important for individuals and considered integral to the development and maintenance of high performing health systems. Unless baseline parameters of wellbeing are known, the effects of any interventions to improve staff wellbeing will remain uncertain. By clarifying staff perceptions and objective measures of important factors related to wellbeing, our primary goal was to assess the baseline wellbeing of staff in our central city ED. METHODS: A survey template, the WoWe@AED (Workplace Wellbeing at the Adult Emergency Department) was developed from several sources. Burnout was measured using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory. Inclusion in the survey required that participants worked in our ED, all staff groups were eligible. The electronic survey was conducted between 22 January and 5 February 2018. Quantitative and qualitative data were analysed. RESULTS: Two hundred and seventy (71.1%) of 380 potential participants participated. All staff groups were represented. About 72.4% agreed/strongly agreed that Adult Emergency Department was an excellent place to work, 80.7% found their work meaningful. About 42.0% felt well informed regarding important decisions. One hundred and eighty-three (48.2%) out of 380 completed the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory. Overall, personal burnout was 42.1% (n = 77), work-related burnout was 35% (n = 64) and client-related burnout was 27.9% (n = 51). Females were significantly (<0.05) more likely to have burnout in some or all domains. Four key themes were identified: supportive teamwork and relationships; providing high quality patient care; resourcing; and workload issues. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline indices of wellbeing of the frontline staff in a central city ED have been documented. These have informed wellbeing interventions. Future measures can be compared against these data.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Hospitales Urbanos , Adulto , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Hospitales Urbanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nueva Zelanda/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(11): 1800050, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479910

RESUMEN

To fabricate graphene based electronic and optoelectronic devices, it is highly desirable to develop a variety of metal-catalyst free chemical vapor deposition (CVD) techniques for direct synthesis of graphene on dielectric and semiconducting substrates. This will help to avoid metallic impurities, high costs, time consuming processes, and defect-inducing graphene transfer processes. Direct CVD growth of graphene on dielectric substrates is usually difficult to accomplish due to their low surface energy. However, a low-temperature plasma enhanced CVD technique could help to solve this problem. Here, the recent progress of metal-catalyst free direct CVD growth of graphene on technologically important dielectric (SiO2, ZrO2, HfO2, h-BN, Al2O3, Si3N4, quartz, MgO, SrTiO3, TiO2, etc.) and semiconducting (Si, Ge, GaN, and SiC) substrates is reviewed. High and low temperature direct CVD growth of graphene on these substrates including growth mechanism and morphology is discussed. Detailed discussions are also presented for Si and Ge substrates, which are necessary for next generation graphene/Si/Ge based hybrid electronic devices. Finally, the technology development of the metal-catalyst free direct CVD growth of graphene on these substrates is concluded, with future outlooks.

13.
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl ; 29(1): 101-106, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29456214

RESUMEN

Reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and BK polyomavirus (BKV) can result in virus-associated tubulointerstitial nephritis in renal allografts. All those renal biopsies reported as viral cytopathic were isolated and examined by two independent renal histopathologists from our institute and classified as CMV, BKV, and CMV-BKV coinfection-associated viral cytopathic changes with confirmation through polymerase chain reaction technology in either serum or urine or both. All twenty patients were categorized as 10 in CMV, four in BKV, and six were in CMV-BKV coinfection. One patient each had received antithymocyte globulin and basiliximab as induction all patients received triple-drug immunosuppression. The mean graft survival was 69, 61, and 59 months in CMV, BKV, and CMV-BKV coinfection group, respectively. At the end of the study period, 10 (50%) patients died. 1-, 3-and 5-year patient survival was 94%, 88% and 76% among CMV group, 75%, 75% and 50% in BKV group, and 96%, 83% and 62%, in CMV-BKV coinfection group (P = 0.157). CMV and BK virus are not so common infections in postrenal transplant patients yet an important cause of graft dysfunction. Coinfection did not pose an increased risk for acute rejection or patients and death-censored and uncensored graft survival among compared groups.


Asunto(s)
Virus BK/patogenicidad , Coinfección , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/virología , Citomegalovirus/patogenicidad , Trasplante de Riñón/efectos adversos , Infecciones Oportunistas/virología , Infecciones por Polyomavirus/virología , Infecciones Tumorales por Virus/virología , Adulto , Virus BK/inmunología , Citomegalovirus/inmunología , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/inmunología , Infecciones por Citomegalovirus/mortalidad , Femenino , Supervivencia de Injerto , Humanos , Huésped Inmunocomprometido , Inmunosupresores/administración & dosificación , Inmunosupresores/efectos adversos , Trasplante de Riñón/mortalidad , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones Oportunistas/diagnóstico , Infecciones Oportunistas/inmunología , Infecciones Oportunistas/mortalidad , Infecciones por Polyomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Polyomavirus/inmunología , Infecciones por Polyomavirus/mortalidad , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Infecciones Tumorales por Virus/diagnóstico , Infecciones Tumorales por Virus/inmunología , Infecciones Tumorales por Virus/mortalidad , Activación Viral , Adulto Joven
14.
Indian J Pharmacol ; 49(1): 2-3, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28458414

RESUMEN

Veterinary pharmacovigilance (PV) is important for the Medicine which are used for treating disease in animals. It becomes more important when these animals are further used for producing food. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have a direct impact on animals and indirect impact on human beings, for example, through milk products, other animal producing food products. Currently, PV program of India is playing a vital role in assessing the safety of medicines in Indian Population. The safety of medicine in animals can be assessed by veterinary PV. The research institutes involved in animal research and veterinary hospitals can be considered as ADR monitoring centers to assess the safety of medicines on animals.


Asunto(s)
Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/veterinaria , Farmacovigilancia , Vigilancia de Productos Comercializados/métodos , Drogas Veterinarias/efectos adversos , Sistemas de Registro de Reacción Adversa a Medicamentos , Animales , Humanos , India
15.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 64(3): 78-79, 2016 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27731564

RESUMEN

Pulmonary involvement is a fairly common complication of leptospirosis. A high dose of steroids is often used in the treatment of pulmonary leptospirosis. Here we report two cases who developed severe invasive fungal infections following the use of steroids for pulmonary leptospirosis. Routine use of steroids for pulmonary leptospirosis may do more harm than good as the evidence for this practice is sparse.


Asunto(s)
Leptospirosis/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina M , Leptospira , Leptospirosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Leptospirosis/mortalidad , Enfermedades Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Pulmonares/mortalidad , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Esteroides/uso terapéutico , Resultado del Tratamiento
16.
Indian J Nucl Med ; 31(2): 89-92, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27095855

RESUMEN

Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission is Committed for maintaining the standards of drugs including Radiopharmaceuticals (RPs) by publishing Indian Pharmacopoeia. These RPs are being used in India for diagnostic or therapeutic purpose. RPs though contain relatively small quantities of active ingredient and administered in small volumes could cause some adverse reactions to the patients. The objective of presenting this article is to introduce the system of adverse drug reaction reporting to the nuclear medicine fraternity who are dealing with RPs.

17.
Ann Emerg Med ; 68(5): 553-561, 2016 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27125817

RESUMEN

STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the use of the Kano Attractive Quality analytic tool to improve an identified patient experience gap in perceived compassion by emergency department (ED) providers. METHODS: In phase 1, point-of-service surveying assessed baseline patient perception of ED provider compassion. Phase 2 deployed Kano surveys to predict the effect of 4 proposed interventions on patient perception. Finally, phase 3 compared patients receiving standard care versus the Kano-identified intervention to assess the actual effect on patient experience. RESULTS: In phase 1, 193 of 200 surveys (97%) were completed, showing a baseline median score of 4 out of 5 (interquartile range [IQR] 3 to 5), with top box percentage of 33% for patients' perception of receiving compassionate care. In phase 2, 158 of 180 surveys (88%) using Kano-formatted questions were completed, and the data predicted that increasing shared decisionmaking would cause the greatest improvement in the patient experience. Finally, in phase 3, 45 of 49 surveys (92%) were returned and demonstrated a significant improvement in perceived concern and sensitivity, 5 (IQR 5 to 5) versus 4 (IQR 3 to 5) with a difference of 1 (95% CI 0.1-1.9) and a top box rating of 79% versus 35% with a difference of 44% (95% CI 12-66) by patients who received dedicated shared decisionmaking interventions versus those receiving standard of care. CONCLUSION: Kano analysis is likely predictive of change in patient experience. Kano methods may prove as useful in changing management of the health care industry as it has been in other industries.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/organización & administración , Mejoramiento de la Calidad , Humanos , Innovación Organizacional , Satisfacción del Paciente , Proyectos Piloto , Mejoramiento de la Calidad/organización & administración , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 50(4): 464-471, 2016 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227026

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The quality of individual case safety reports (ICSRs) plays a vital role in identifying new safety signals in pharmacovigilance. This article focuses on establishing a method for ensuring the quality data. OBJECTIVE: To develop an in-house method for assessing the documentation grading and completeness score of ICSRs. METHODS: In the proposed method, 16 parameters, from report title to case narrative, are adopted to assess the quality of ICSRs. The in-house method ensures the completeness of the data and enhances the quality of ICSRs. RESULTS: The in-house method was found effective in calculating the completeness score of ICSR ranges from 0.05 to 1. Indian ICSR completeness scores significantly improved after the implementation of the proposed method in the third quarter of 2013. In 2014 and until the third quarter of 2015, the score was found to be 0.91 and 0.93 out of 1, respectively. CONCLUSION: The higher quality ICSRs aids in more effective identification of new drug safety alerts and provides evidence-based information for regulating the drug safety.

19.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 49(6): 898-902, 2015 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222376

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) is responsible for collecting reports of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to assess the association between particular drugs and ADRs. The aim of the present study was to apply statistical tools to determine associations between drugs and ADRs for signal detection in the PvPI. METHODS: Four methods were proposed for quantitative signal detection: one was based on Bayesian inference and others on classical inference procedures. The effectiveness of the proposed methods was assessed by applying them to 4 drug-ADR combinations. RESULTS: The proposed methods were easy to apply and relevant to the Indian context. In selected methods, the information component value was more specific, whereas the proportional relative risk was more sensitive. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed methods may help in the identification of new signals in Indian individual case safety reports.

20.
J Econ Entomol ; 107(3): 927-32, 2014 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25026649

RESUMEN

Laboratory studies were conducted to investigate tritrophic transfer of insecticidal Cry proteins from transgenic cotton to an herbivore and its predator, and to examine effects of these proteins on the predator's development, survival, and reproduction. Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab proteins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produced in Bollgard-II (BG-II, Event 15985) cotton plants were acquired by Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important sucking pest of cotton, and its generalist predator, Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). The average protein titers in BG-II cotton leaves were 1,256 and 43,637 ng Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab per gram fresh leaf tissue, respectively. At the second trophic level, larvae of T. tabaci reared on BG-II cotton for 48-96 h had 22.1 and 2.1% of the Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab levels expressed in leaves, respectively. At the third trophic level, O. insidiosus that fed on T. tabaci larvae had 4.4 and 0.3% of the Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab protein levels, respectively, expressed in BG-II plants. O. insidiosus survivorship, time of nymphal development, adult weight, preoviposition and postoviposition periods, fecundity, and adult longevity were not adversely affected owing to consumption of T. tabaci larvae that had fed on BG-II cotton compared with non-Bt cotton. Our results indicate that O. insidiosus, a common predator of T. tabaci, is not harmed by BG-II cotton when exposed to Bt proteins through its prey. Thus, O. insidiosus can continue to provide important biological control services in the cotton ecosystem when BG-II cotton is used to control primary lepidopteran pests.


Asunto(s)
Bacillus thuringiensis/genética , Proteínas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Endotoxinas/metabolismo , Gossypium/fisiología , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Heterópteros/fisiología , Thysanoptera/fisiología , Animales , Bacillus thuringiensis/metabolismo , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Endotoxinas/genética , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática , Conducta Alimentaria , Gossypium/genética , Proteínas Hemolisinas/genética , Heterópteros/crecimiento & desarrollo , Larva/crecimiento & desarrollo , Larva/fisiología , Ninfa/crecimiento & desarrollo , Ninfa/fisiología , Hojas de la Planta/genética , Hojas de la Planta/fisiología , Reproducción , Thysanoptera/crecimiento & desarrollo
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