Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 9 de 9
Filtrar
Más filtros










Base de datos
Intervalo de año de publicación
3.
Harm Reduct J ; 17(1): 60, 2020 08 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831083

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Caledonian Stadium, the main mass temporary shelter for homeless people in the City of Tshwane, was created as a local response to the imperatives of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) National State of Disaster lockdown in South Africa. This is a case study of the coordinated emergency healthcare response provided by the University of Pretoria's Department of Family Medicine between 24 March and 6 April 2020. METHODS: This study uses a narrative approach to restory situated, transient, partial and provisional knowledge. Analysis is based on documented data and iteratively triangulated interviews on the operational experiences of selected healthcare first responders directly involved in the shelter. RESULTS: The impending lockdown generated intense interactions by UP-DFM to prepare for the provision of COVID-19 and essential generalist primary with partners involved in the Community Oriented Substance Use Programme (COSUP). With approximately 2000 people at the shelter at its peak, the numbers exceeded expectations. Throughout, while government officials tried to secure bedding, food and toilets, the shelter was poorly equipped and without onsite management. The COSUP clinical team prioritised opioid substitution therapy using methadone and COVID-19 screening over generalist healthcare to manage withdrawal and contain tension and anxiety. COSUP and its partners helped the city plan and implement the safe re-sheltering of all Caledonian residents. CONCLUSION: The Caledonian shelter is an account of organisational resilience in the face of homelessness and substance use emergencies triggered by lockdown. Through community-oriented, bottom-up self-organisation, a clinically led team navigated a response to the immediate needs of people who are homeless and/or use drugs that evolved into a more sustainable intervention. Key lessons learnt were the importance of communicating with people directly affected by emergencies, the value of using methadone to reduce harms during emergencies and the imperative of including OST in essential primary healthcare.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Reducción del Daño , Personas sin Hogar , Tratamiento de Sustitución de Opiáceos/métodos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Cuarentena/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19 , Urgencias Médicas , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , SARS-CoV-2 , Sudáfrica , Adulto Joven
4.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e6, 2020 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501031

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Community Oriented Substance Use Programme (COSUP) is the first publicly funded, community-based programmatic response to the use of illegal substances in South Africa. It is founded on a systems thinking, public health and clinical care harm reduction approach. AIM: To describe the critical components, key issues and accomplishments in the initiation and delivery of evidence-based, community-oriented, substance-use health and care services. SETTING: The Community Oriented Substance Use Programme is implemented by the University of Pretoria in four of seven Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality regions. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were extracted and triangulated from plans, reports, minutes and other documents. RESULTS: Between 2016 and 2019, COSUP engaged in national and local policy and guidelines development. In Tshwane, it created practical working relations with 169 organisations and institutions and set up 17 service sites. These provide counselling, linkage to care and opioid substitution therapy services to 1513 adults (median age of 30 years), most of whom are male (90%), with similar proportions of clients who smoke (51%) or inject (49%) heroin. It also offers needle and syringe services (approximately 17 000 needles distributed/month) and has built human resource capacity in harm reduction among staff, clients and personnel in partner organisations. CONCLUSION: The Community Oriented Substance Use Programme offers an evidence-based, public-health informed, feasible alternative to an abstinence-based approach to substance use. However, to translate the programme's achievements into sustainable outcomes at scale requires health system integration; generalist, patient-centred care; affordable medication in a comprehensive package of harm reduction services; multisectoral partnerships; systematic, continuous capacity development; financial investment; and sustained political commitment.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Comunitarios de Salud Mental/métodos , Reducción del Daño , Atención Primaria de Salud/métodos , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/terapia , Adulto , Consejo/métodos , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tratamiento de Sustitución de Opiáceos/métodos , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Salud Pública/métodos , Investigación Cualitativa , Sudáfrica
5.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 7: 2324709619874624, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509019

RESUMEN

Pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection (PASCAD) accounts for less than 5% of spontaneous coronary artery dissection cases and is comparatively more fulminant or clinically aggressive. Several factors associated with PASCAD include black ethnicity, multiparity, hypertension, advanced maternal age, and age at first childbirth. This atypical case highlights a preeclamptic patient presenting with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in which multivessel dissection of both the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries were deemed co-culprit lesions for the index event.


Asunto(s)
Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios/etiología , Preeclampsia/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Vasculares/congénito , Adulto , Cineangiografía , Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico , Anomalías de los Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Electrocardiografía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Preeclampsia/patología , Embarazo , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/complicaciones , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Vasculares/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedades Vasculares/etiología
6.
Int Med Case Rep J ; 12: 179-183, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354366

RESUMEN

Cardiac myxomas are the most common benign tumors of the heart. We describe the rare phenomenon of myxomatous embolization, resulting in a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated successfully with surgical excision. The routine early use of both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography is pivotal in selecting an optimal management strategy for these patients.

7.
Case Rep Vasc Med ; 2019: 6020393, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285934

RESUMEN

Carotid artery pseudoaneurysms are infrequently encountered in clinical practice. Major contributory etiologies include blunt trauma, infections, cystic medial necrosis, fibromuscular dysplasia, arteriosclerosis, and congenital abnormalities. The authors report an exceedingly rare case of a dissected external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm in a 26-year-old female patient with neurofibromatosis complicated by preeclampsia at 28-week period of gestation, safely and successfully treated by coil embolization.

8.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 5(2): 2324709617712735, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28607937

RESUMEN

Anaphylaxis is a sudden-onset, severe hypersensitivity reaction that can be potentially fatal. It can often transition to refractory hemodynamic instability, eventually resulting in death. Stress-related cardiomyopathies (SRCs) have multifactorial etiologies, including being linked to excessive catecholamine release in periods of intense stress. This novel case report recounts a SRC caused by contrast-induced anaphylaxis within 1 hour post percutaneous coronary intervention. Both acutely life-threatening conditions may occur simultaneously and are implicated with devastating complications. Further research is required to understand this cardiac-neuroaxis interplay in SRC to identify risk factors and develop management strategies.

9.
Case Rep Cardiol ; 2017: 7612713, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29391955

RESUMEN

Angioedema can cause potentially life-threatening airway obstruction. This case report describes an exceedingly rare episode of ticagrelor-induced hypersensitivity reaction, manifesting as angioedema with periorbital and likely respiratory involvement. The heart team should be vigilant for this precarious condition which may require emergent airway management. Desensitization protocols and alternative regimens (e.g., clopidogrel, prasugrel, and addition of an adjunctive anticoagulant) should be considered when there is an absolute indication for antiplatelet therapy.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...