Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 23
Filtrar
1.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20200092, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111881

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The period of functional adaptation to a new conventional complete denture embraces many transitory issues, and this period is directly related to the rehabilitation success. OBJECTIVE: This clinical trial evaluated the influence of the height of mandibular ridge on the masticatory function of complete denture (CD) wearers during the adaptation period. METHODOLOGY: A total of 28 individuals wearing new CDs (NR, n=14, normal mandibular ridges, 64±12.5 years, 9 female; RR, n=14, resorbed mandibular ridges, 69±6.8 years, 9 female) were assessed at 24 hours, 30 days, three months and six months after the insertion of the CDs for masticatory performance (MP, sieves method), satisfaction with CDs (questionnaire) and maximum occlusal bite force (MOBF) (gnatodynamometer). The classification of the mandibular ridges followed the Kapur index. Data of MP and MOBF were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and satisfaction with CDs was analyzed by Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE), α=.05. RESULTS: Participants with NR presented better masticatory performance (p=.000 - NR 30.25±9.93%, RR 12.41±7.17%), general satisfaction (p=.047), retention of mandibular denture (p=.001), chewing ability (p=.037), and comfort of wearing a mandibular denture (p=.000). Regardless of the mandibular ridge, MP (p=.000) was higher at three (21.26±12.07%) and six months (24.25±12.26%) in comparison to 24 hours (18.09±10.89%), the MOBF (p=.000) was higher at three months (78.50±6.49 N) compared to 24 hours (57.34±5.55 N) and 30 days (62.72±5.97 N), and the comfort of wearing a mandibular denture (p=.002) at three months (1.61 ± 0.07) was greater than 24 hours (1.29±0.10) and 30 days (1.36±10). CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that the participants with NR have higher MP and satisfaction with their CD, regardless of the follow-up period after the insertion of the new CD. After subjects received the CD, a period of 3 months was necessary for achieving better achievement MOBF, MP, and self-perceived comfort with the mandibular denture, regardless of the height of the mandibular ridge.

2.
J Prosthodont Res ; 64(3): 264-271, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445849

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of the use of a powder-type adhesive on masticatory performance and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with normal and resorbed mandibular ridges during adaptation period with complete dentures. METHODS: Forty-two edentulous subjects (12 men, 30 women) were distributed in four groups: normal mandibular ridges with adhesive, n = 10; normal mandibular ridges without adhesive, n = 10; resorbed mandibular ridges with adhesive, n = 11; resorbed mandibular ridges without adhesive, n = 11. Masticatory performance was evaluated by sieving method and OHRQoL by Oral Health Impact Profile in Edentulous Adults (OHIP-EDENT) inventory at 30, 60 and 90 days after the insertion of new complete dentures. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA test and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEEs), α = 0.05. RESULTS: The use of adhesive resulted in better masticatory performance at 30 (35.76 ± 12.63%) and 60 days (30.06 ± 10.54%) after the insertion of the dentures and did not influence on OHRQoL in participants with normal ridges during the adaptation period. The use of adhesive did not interfere on masticatory performance during adaptation period and had a negative effect on masticatory discomfort/disability subscale OHRQoL at 30-day period [5.2(3.6, 6.8)] for resorbed mandibular ridges with new complete dentures. CONCLUSIONS: The use of adhesive can improve masticatory performance of new complete dentures users with normal mandibular ridges in the initial adaptation period up to 60 days after insertion. For resorbed ridges subjects, the use of adhesive had a negative impact on masticatory discomfort/disability OHRQoL at 30 days after insertion.


Asunto(s)
Boca Edéntula , Calidad de Vida , Adulto , Cementos Dentales , Dentadura Completa , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Masticación
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200092, 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1134775

RESUMEN

Abstract The period of functional adaptation to a new conventional complete denture embraces many transitory issues, and this period is directly related to the rehabilitation success. Objective This clinical trial evaluated the influence of the height of mandibular ridge on the masticatory function of complete denture (CD) wearers during the adaptation period. Methodology A total of 28 individuals wearing new CDs (NR, n=14, normal mandibular ridges, 64±12.5 years, 9 female; RR, n=14, resorbed mandibular ridges, 69±6.8 years, 9 female) were assessed at 24 hours, 30 days, three months and six months after the insertion of the CDs for masticatory performance (MP, sieves method), satisfaction with CDs (questionnaire) and maximum occlusal bite force (MOBF) (gnatodynamometer). The classification of the mandibular ridges followed the Kapur index. Data of MP and MOBF were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and satisfaction with CDs was analyzed by Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE), α=.05. Results Participants with NR presented better masticatory performance (p=.000 - NR 30.25±9.93%, RR 12.41±7.17%), general satisfaction (p=.047), retention of mandibular denture (p=.001), chewing ability (p=.037), and comfort of wearing a mandibular denture (p=.000). Regardless of the mandibular ridge, MP (p=.000) was higher at three (21.26±12.07%) and six months (24.25±12.26%) in comparison to 24 hours (18.09±10.89%), the MOBF (p=.000) was higher at three months (78.50±6.49 N) compared to 24 hours (57.34±5.55 N) and 30 days (62.72±5.97 N), and the comfort of wearing a mandibular denture (p=.002) at three months (1.61 ± 0.07) was greater than 24 hours (1.29±0.10) and 30 days (1.36±10). Conclusions The study suggests that the participants with NR have higher MP and satisfaction with their CD, regardless of the follow-up period after the insertion of the new CD. After subjects received the CD, a period of 3 months was necessary for achieving better achievement MOBF, MP, and self-perceived comfort with the mandibular denture, regardless of the height of the mandibular ridge.

4.
J Prosthodont ; 28(7): 757-765, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29679427

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The present randomized clinical trial compared the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), peri-implant parameters, mandible movements, and maxillary complete denture movement during chewing between wearers of single- (1-IOD) and wearers of two-implant overdentures (2-IODs) for a period of 12 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one complete denture wearers were randomly allocated into two parallel groups: 1-IOD (n = 11) or 2-IODs (n = 10). The validated Brazilian version of the OHIP-EDENT was used to evaluate the OHRQoL. A kinesiograph recorded maxillary complete denture movement during chewing of hard food testing (polysulphide impression material) and soft food testing (bread). Peri-implant parameters were also recorded: plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), and probing depth (PD). The Friedman test was used to compare the OHRQoL data and peri-implant parameters among periods; the Mann-Whitney test was performed to compare the groups (1- and 2-IODs). One-way ANOVA and the Bonferroni test were used to compare mandible movement during chewing among periods, and the t-test for independent samples was used to compare the groups. Maxillary complete denture movement was analyzed using three-way ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni test. All statistical analyses were performed at α = 0.05. RESULTS: Both treatments led to better general OHRQoL in comparison to conventional complete dentures (p < 0.001). Better OHRQoL was observed among 2-IOD patients at the 12-month follow up (p = 0.034). Peri-implant parameters were similar irrespective of the group and follow-up period. Vertical opening was significantly higher among 1-IOD patients at 3 months (p = 0.038). Decreased maxillary denture vertical intrusions were observed with complete dentures in comparison with overdentures (p = 0.006), regardless of the food test (p = 0.251); however, vertical intrusion was significantly higher among 1-IOD patients (p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that 1-IOD can improve patient OHRQoL and may be similar to 2-IODs in preservation of both peri-implant parameters and masticatory movements.


Asunto(s)
Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Calidad de Vida , Brasil , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Retención de Dentadura , Dentadura Completa Inferior , Humanos , Mandíbula , Masticación , Salud Bucal , Satisfacción del Paciente
5.
Braz Dent J ; 29(6): 576-582, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517481

RESUMEN

Several attachment systems for mandibular implant-supported overdentures are currently available and studies are required to understand their mechanical properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the retention force and wear characteristics of three attachment systems in a simulation of the cyclic dislodging of implant-supported overdentures. Thirty samples were fabricated and divided into 3 groups: 1-O-ring; 2-Mini Ball; and 3-Equator. A mechanical fatigue test was applied to the specimens using a servo-hydraulic universal testing machine performing 5500 insertion/removal cycles (f=0.8 Hz), immersed in artificial saliva. Retention force values ​​were obtained before and after 1500, 3000, and 5500 cycles using a speed of 1 mm/min and a load cell of 1 kN. One specimen from each group was randomly selected and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA and the Bonferroni post hoc test were used for statistical analyses (α=0.05). The O-ring system remained stable during all periods tested and exhibited significantly lower retention force values than the Mini Ball and Equator systems. The Mini Ball system exhibited a significant increase in retention force after the mechanical test (baseline=21.04±3.29N; 5500 cycles=24.01±3.30N).The Equator system exhibited a significant decrease in retention force after each period tested, but the values were higher than the other systems. The type of attachment was found to influence retention force in different ways after mechanical tests. The Equator system exhibited the highest retention force values. The Mini Ball and Equator matrices produced deformation and wear on the surfaces without breakage of the polyamide rings.


Asunto(s)
Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Ajuste de Precisión de Prótesis , Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Saliva Artificial , Resistencia a la Tracción
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(6): 576-582, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-974198

RESUMEN

Abstract Several attachment systems for mandibular implant-supported overdentures are currently available and studies are required to understand their mechanical properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the retention force and wear characteristics of three attachment systems in a simulation of the cyclic dislodging of implant-supported overdentures. Thirty samples were fabricated and divided into 3 groups: 1-O-ring; 2-Mini Ball; and 3-Equator. A mechanical fatigue test was applied to the specimens using a servo-hydraulic universal testing machine performing 5500 insertion/removal cycles (f=0.8 Hz), immersed in artificial saliva. Retention force values ​​were obtained before and after 1500, 3000, and 5500 cycles using a speed of 1 mm/min and a load cell of 1 kN. One specimen from each group was randomly selected and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA and the Bonferroni post hoc test were used for statistical analyses (α=0.05). The O-ring system remained stable during all periods tested and exhibited significantly lower retention force values than the Mini Ball and Equator systems. The Mini Ball system exhibited a significant increase in retention force after the mechanical test (baseline=21.04±3.29N; 5500 cycles=24.01±3.30N).The Equator system exhibited a significant decrease in retention force after each period tested, but the values were higher than the other systems. The type of attachment was found to influence retention force in different ways after mechanical tests. The Equator system exhibited the highest retention force values. The Mini Ball and Equator matrices produced deformation and wear on the surfaces without breakage of the polyamide rings.


Resumo Vários sistemas de encaixe para sobredentaduras mandibulares implantossuportadas estão atualmente disponíveis e estudos são necessários para entender as suas propriedades mecânicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a força de retenção e as características de desgaste de três sistemas de encaixe por meio de uma simulação de deslocamento cíclico de sobredentaduras implantossuportadas. Trinta amostras foram fabricadas e divididas em 3 grupos: 1-O-ring; 2-Mini Ball; e 3-Equador. Um teste de fadiga mecânica foi aplicado aos espécimes utilizando uma máquina de teste universal servo-hidráulica com 5500 ciclos de inserção/remoção (f = 0,8 Hz), imersos em saliva artificial. Os valores da força de retenção foram obtidos antes e após 1500, 3000 e 5500 ciclos utilizando uma velocidade de 1 mm/min e uma célula de carga de 1 kN. Um espécime de cada grupo foi selecionado aleatoriamente e analisado por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. O teste de Análise de Variância a dois fatores para medidas repetidas e o teste de comparações múltiplas de Bonferroni foram utilizados para análises estatísticas (α = 0,05). O sistema de O-ring permaneceu estável durante todos os períodos testados e apresentou valores de força de retenção significativamente menores do que os sistemas Mini Ball e Equator. O sistema Mini Ball apresentou um aumento significativo na força de retenção após o teste mecânico (controle = 21,04 ± 3,29N; 5500 ciclos = 24,01 ± 3,30N). O sistema Equator apresentou uma diminuição significativa na força de retenção após cada período testado, mas os valores eram maiores do que os outros sistemas. O tipo de sistema de encaixe influenciou na força de retenção de diferentes maneiras após testes mecânicos. O sistema do Equador exibiu os maiores valores de força de retenção. As matrizes dos sistemas Mini Ball e Equator produziram deformação e desgaste nas superfícies sem ruptura dos anéis de poliamida.

7.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0203951, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304005

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To verify whether the Ultra Corega Cream and Corega Strip Denture Adhesive adhesives interfere in the microbial adhesion and biofilm formation by Candida albicans and Lactobacillus casei in single- and mixed-species settings, and observe whether synergistic or antagonistic relationships between these species occur. METHODS: Specimens made from heat-polymerized acrylic resin (Lucitone 550) were fabricated (n = 144) with a circular shape and standardized roughness (3.0 µm ±0.3 Ra) and were divided into three groups: Without Adhesive (WA), with Ultra Corega Cream adhesive (CA) and Corega Strips adhesive (SA). These groups were divided into three subgroups each: C. albicans single-species, L. casei single-species and C. albicans with L. casei (mixed-species). Microbial adhesion and biofilm formation assays were performed in duplicate at four distinct experimental times (n = 8 per experimental condition). The amount of each microorganism on the surfaces of the specimens was observed by counting of the Colony Forming Units (CFU) per substrate. Additional specimens were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), with 18 specimens being used in this analysis (n = 18), 2 per experimental condition (n = 2). Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test for multiple comparisons were employed, using α≤0.05. RESULTS: L. casei (mixed-species) adhered more on the WA substrate than the CA, while C. albicans (single- and mixed-species) adhered more on the SA. C. albicans, both single- and mixed-species adhered more than the L. casei (single- and mixed-species), regardless of the substrate. L. casei (single-species) formed more biofilm on the WA, but in its mixed cultivation, it had no difference of growth among the tested situations. C. albicans (single- and mixed-species) formed more biofilm on the SA than the CA, and the fungus formed more biofilm when compared to L. casei. In general, whenever a species was compared in its single- and mixed-species situation, no statistically significant difference was observed. SEM of biofilm formation assays demonstrated that L. casei single-species WA formed more biofilm than when the adhesives tested were used, and C. albicans (both single- and mixed-species) formed more biofilm on the SA than on the CA. CONCLUSIONS: (1) The two denture adhesives tested increased the adhesion of C. albicans but not of L. casei; (2) biofilm formation by C. albicans (single- and mixed-species) was increased on the SA; (3) Relations of synergism or antagonism was not observed between the two microorganisms studied.


Asunto(s)
Adhesión Bacteriana/efectos de los fármacos , Biopelículas/efectos de los fármacos , Cementos Dentales/farmacología , Retención de Dentadura/métodos , Biopelículas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Candida albicans/efectos de los fármacos , Candida albicans/fisiología , Recuento de Colonia Microbiana , Dentadura Completa , Lactobacillus casei/efectos de los fármacos , Lactobacillus casei/fisiología , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Especificidad de la Especie , Propiedades de Superficie
8.
J Oral Implantol ; 43(4): 297-301, 2017 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628350

RESUMEN

The lack of compatible prosthetic components can be a complication during oral rehabilitation using outdated implants. The aim of the present clinical report was to describe an alternative technique for the fabrication of a maxillary implant-supported overdenture in a patient with 20-year-old dental implants using castable spherical patterns and ball attachments. The patient had been wearing a relined bar/clip overdenture in the mandible on 4 external-hexagon dental implants and a relined complete denture in the maxilla on 4 internal-hexagon implants due to abutment screw fracture inside of the implants, losing the attachment system. The remaining maxillary dental implants did not possess attachments compatible with current systems due to configuration changes by the manufacturer in the dental implant's platform and the components over time. Therefore, castable spherical patterns and cast ball attachments were used to fabricate a maxillary implant-supported overdenture. The mandible rehabilitation was performed using 4 osseointegrated dental implants with a fixed implant-supported prosthesis. The use of cast ball attachments on the maxillary dental implants avoided invasive procedures on the remaining implants. Considering the lack of available compatible prosthetic components for the osseointegrated implants, this technique was considered a viable and satisfactory treatment option.


Asunto(s)
Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/instrumentación , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/métodos , Retención de Dentadura/métodos , Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Arcada Edéntula/cirugía , Diseño de Dentadura , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirugía , Maxilar/cirugía
9.
Case Rep Dent ; 2017: 5796768, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28293441

RESUMEN

Insufficiently keratinized tissue can be increased surgically by free gingival grafting. The presence or reconstruction of keratinized mucosa around the implant can facilitate restorative procedure and allow the maintenance of an oral hygiene routine without irritation or discomfort to the patient. The aim of this clinical case report is to describe an oral rehabilitation procedure of an edentulous patient with absence of keratinized mucosa in the interforaminal area, using a free gingival graft associated with a mandibular fixed implant-supported prosthesis. The treatment included the manufacturing of a maxillary complete denture and a mandibular fixed implant-supported prosthesis followed by a free gingival graft to increase the width of the mandibular keratinized mucosa. Free gingival graft was obtained from the palate and grafted on the buccal side of interforaminal area. The follow-up of 02 and 12 months after mucogingival surgery showed that the free gingival graft promoted peri-implant health, hygiene, and patient comfort. Clinical Significance. The free gingival graft is an effective treatment in increasing the width of mandibular keratinized mucosa on the buccal side of the interforaminal area and provided an improvement in maintaining the health of peri-implant tissues which allows for better oral hygiene.

10.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 45(4): 195-200, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-795233

RESUMEN

Abstract Introduction The staining of artificial teeth can be related to the acrylic resin abrasion caused by brushing, resulting in higher deposition of dyes from the beverage, and consequently higher aesthetic damage. Objective The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate methods for removal of stains from acrylic denture teeth using spectrophotometric analysis. Material and method Artificial teeth were divided into twelve groups (n=10) according to the type of treatment (re-polishing - Re or immersion in Corega Tabs - Sp), staining solutions, coffee (Cf) and Coca-Cola® (Cc) or water (W) and with/without toothbrushing (B). The Sp specimens were submitted to seven immersion cycles (5 min each). The Re specimens were polished with pumice stone followed by Spain white paste. Color differences (ΔE) were captured by a spectrophotometer: T0 (baseline), T1 (after brushing/immersion in solutions) and T2 (after Re or Sp). Result Statistically significant color change between T1 and T2 (paired T-test; α =.05) was observed for the group CfSp (p=.032); and for the groups BWRe (p=.000), BCfRe (p=.049) and CcRe (p=.042). Higher color changes were observed for the specimens submitted to toothbrushing (ANOVA two way; p<.001). Conclusion It could be concluded that the immersion in sodium perborate (Corega Tabs) can be used for removal of coffee stains from denture teeth, and re-polishing for removal of Coca-Cola® stains. Still, toothbrushing produced greater color changes on denture teeth, regardless of the immersion solution.


Resumo Introdução O manchamento dos dentes artificiais pode estar relacionado à abrasão da resina acrílica provocada pela escovação, resultando na maior deposição de corantes provenientes de bebidas, e consequentemente maior prejuízo estético. Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar métodos de remoção de manchas extrínsecas por meio de analise com espectofotômetro. Material e método Dentes artificiais foram divididos em 12 grupos (n=10), de acordo com o tipo de tratamento (repolimento – Re ou imersão em perborato de sódio, Corega Tabs – Sp), tipo de solução de manchamento, café (Cf) ou Coca-Cola® (Cc) ou água (W) e com/sem escovação (B). Os métodos de remoção de manchas propostos (Re e Sp) foram realizados de acordo com protocolos pré-estabelecidos. Os espécimes Sp foram submetidos a 7 ciclos de imersão (5 minutos cada). O repolimento foi realizado com pastas de pedra pomes e branco de espanha, utilizando escovas de cerdas macias e rodas de feltro. As leituras de estabilidade de cor (ΔE) foram realizadas por meio de um espectrofotômetro: T0 (baseline), T1 (após escovação/imersão em bebidas), e T2 (após Re ou Sp). Resultado Alterações de cor entre T1 e T2 (teste T pareado; α=0,05) foram observadas para o grupo CfSp (p=.032); e para os grupos BWRe (p=.000), BCfRe (p=.049) e CcRe (p=.042). Os dentes artificiais submetidos à escovação mostraram maior alteração de cor (ANOVA 2 fatores; p<0,001). Conclusão Conclui-se que a imersão em perborato de sódio (Corega Tabs) pode ser utilizada para remoção de manchas de café e o repolimento para remoção de manchas de Coca-Cola®. Ainda, a escovação produziu as maiores alterações de cor nos dentes artificiais, independentemente da solução de imersão.

11.
J Prosthet Dent ; 116(5): 749-755, 2016 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27236596

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Limited mandibular movements are one of the most important signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and may cause functional difficulties. PURPOSE: The purpose of this double-blind, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of treatment with only educational or education associated with self-care therapies on the pattern of mandibular movements of women with chronic painful TMDs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two women were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups, control group (CG, n=13), education group (EG, n=16), and education and self-care group (ESG, n=13), according to the sequence of treatment they received. A kinesiograph device recorded mandibular movements during maximum mouth opening and mastication at baseline (T0) and at 30-day (T1) and 60-day (T2) follow-up. Kinesiographic data were statistically analyzed using 1-way ANOVA, followed by the Bonferroni test for multiple comparisons of means (α=.05). RESULTS: The ESG group demonstrated an improvement in the maximum vertical opening (MVO= 5.1 ±3.4 mm; P=.012) and anteroposterior mandibular movement (MAM) during maximum opening (7.4 ±9.5; P=.019), significantly higher than that of the EG (MVO=1.8 ±3.5 mm; MAM=0.8 ±5.0 mm) and the CG (MVO=0.9 ±3.8 mm; MAM=0.8 ±4.4 mm) after 30 days of follow-up. Moreover, at T1, vertical mandibular movement during mastication was significantly higher in the ESG group (17.4 ±1.7 mm) than in the EG group (15.0 ±2.8, P=.027). No significant differences were found between the women who received treatment with educational and self-care therapies for 60 days and the women who received this treatment for 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: In the short-term, education and self-care treatment positively influenced the mandibular movement pattern of women with chronic painful TMDs.


Asunto(s)
Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Autocuidado , Trastornos de la Articulación Temporomandibular/terapia , Adulto , Método Doble Ciego , Femenino , Humanos , Mandíbula , Masticación , Movimiento , Rango del Movimiento Articular
12.
J Prosthodont ; 25(6): 485-8, 2016 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26916386

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of brushing with different solutions on the abrasion resistance of two types of acrylic resin teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maxillary premolars from two types of acrylic teeth (Biotone and Biotone IPN) were divided into six groups (n = 12), according to the solution used during brushing: distilled water (control), coconut soap, or dentifrice. A mechanical brushing machine was used to simulate approximately 1 year of brushing (11,000 strokes). The weight loss (WL) of teeth was obtained from the difference between the initial (IW) and final weight (FW) of each specimen, and the mean of percentage of weight loss (PWL) was calculated for each group. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Bonferroni's post-test comparison (α = 0.05). RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was found for the factor solution (p < 0.001). Brushing using dentifrice caused the highest values of weight loss (-0.50%), in comparison with the groups brushed with coconut soap (0.00%) or distilled water (0.00%). CONCLUSIONS: For both types of artificial teeth, brushing with dentifrice produced higher abrasion than brushing with coconut soap or water.


Asunto(s)
Diente Artificial , Cepillado Dental , Pastas de Dientes , Dentífricos , Humanos , Abrasión de los Dientes
13.
J Prosthet Dent ; 115(4): 462-8, 2016 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26548879

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The difficulty of removing denture adhesive is a common problem reported by users of these products. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to investigate the effectiveness of different cleaning protocols for removing a denture adhesive (DA) and the influence on the oral microbiota. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty participants wearing well-fitting complete dentures were instructed to use a denture adhesive 3 times a day during a 4-week trial, divided into 4 stages: (A) control-3 daily denture brushings using water at ambient temperature, (B)-3 daily denture brushings using water at ambient temperature plus coconut soap, (C)-3 daily denture brushings using water at ambient temperature plus dentifrice; (D)-3 daily denture brushings using water at ambient temperature combined with immersion in sodium perborate solution for 5 minutes before nocturnal sleep. After each 1-week stage, saliva specimens were collected. A dye was used to display and quantify the remaining DA on the internal surface of the maxillary dentures as a percentage. For microbiological analysis, the saliva was diluted and plated onto Petri dishes containing a nonselective culture medium and Candida spp culture media. After the incubation period, Candida species were identified and the number of colony forming units (CFU/mL) was calculated. RESULTS: A significant difference was found among the 4 cleaning methods for the quantification of remaining DA (Friedman, P=.036). Brushing the dentures with coconut soap, dentifrice, or water combined with immersion in sodium perborate solution was more effective in removing DA than brushing with only water. The cleaning methods did not influence the quantification of microorganisms in general or Candida albicans and other Candida species in particular. CONCLUSIONS: Brushing the dentures with coconut soap, dentifrice, or water combined with immersion in sodium perborate solution was more effective for removing cream-type denture adhesive than brushing with only water.


Asunto(s)
Adhesivos/química , Biopelículas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Limpiadores de Dentadura , Boca/microbiología , Carga Bacteriana , Recuento de Colonia Microbiana , Estudios Cruzados , Cementos Dentales , Humanos , Microbiota , Jabones , Propiedades de Superficie , Cepillado Dental
14.
Case Rep Dent ; 2015: 762914, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26587296

RESUMEN

The assessment and reestablishment of the occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) are considered important factors in the treatment of complete denture wearers. The long-time use of a complete denture can result in jaw displacement due to abrasion of the artificial teeth and residual ridge resorption, causing esthetic complications. Most patients with old dentures and incorrect OVD accept reestablishment of the OVD with new complete dentures, even if they were used to their old dentures. The present clinical report describes a method of gradual reestablishment of OVD using a diagnostic acrylic splint on artificial teeth in old complete dentures before the manufacture of new complete dentures. Clinical Significance. The use of a reversible treatment for reestablishment of the OVD in old complete dentures with a diagnostic occlusal acrylic splint allows for the reestablishment of the intermaxillary relationship, providing physiological conditions of masticatory performance associated with the recovery of facial esthetics in edentulous patients.

15.
Braz Dent J ; 25(5): 391-8, 2014.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25517773

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of a denture adhesive (DA) on patient satisfaction and kinesiographic parameters of complete denture wearers by a cross-over study. Fifty edentulous patients received a set of new complete dentures. After an adaptation period, the participants were enrolled in the trial and randomized to receive a sequence of treatment protocols: Protocol 1- DA use during the first 15 days, followed by no DA for the next 15 days; Protocol 2- no DA during the first 15 days, followed by use of DA for the next 15 days. Outcomes were assessed after 15 days of each sequence of treatment. A questionnaire was used to assess the patients' satisfaction. A kinesiograph was used to record mandible movements and patterns of maxillary complete denture movement during chewing. The Wilcoxon test (α=0.05) and a paired sample t-test (α=0.05) were used to compare satisfaction levels and kinesiographic data, respectively. Use of DA improved the overall level of patient satisfaction (p<0.001). The kinesiographic recordings revealed a significant increase (1.7 mm) in vertical mandible movements (p<0.001) during chewing and a lower (0.3 mm) vertical intrusion of the maxillary complete dentures (p=0.002) during chewing after using the DA. Use of DA in complete denture wearers improved the patients' satisfaction and altered mandible movements, with increases in vertical movements during chewing and less intrusion of maxillary complete dentures.


Asunto(s)
Adhesivos/química , Retención de Dentadura/psicología , Dentadura Completa/psicología , Satisfacción del Paciente , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Anciano , Estudios Cruzados , Materiales Dentales/química , Oclusión Dental Céntrica , Diseño de Dentadura , Dentadura Completa Superior , Femenino , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Masculino , Mandíbula/fisiología , Masticación/fisiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Boca Edéntula/fisiopatología , Boca Edéntula/rehabilitación , Movimiento , Resultado del Tratamiento , Dimensión Vertical
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 391-398, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-731052

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of a denture adhesive (DA) on patient satisfaction and kinesiographic parameters of complete denture wearers by a cross-over study. Fifty edentulous patients received a set of new complete dentures. After an adaptation period, the participants were enrolled in the trial and randomized to receive a sequence of treatment protocols: Protocol 1- DA use during the first 15 days, followed by no DA for the next 15 days; Protocol 2- no DA during the first 15 days, followed by use of DA for the next 15 days. Outcomes were assessed after 15 days of each sequence of treatment. A questionnaire was used to assess the patients´ satisfaction. A kinesiograph was used to record mandible movements and patterns of maxillary complete denture movement during chewing. The Wilcoxon test (α=0.05) and a paired sample t-test (α=0.05) were used to compare satisfaction levels and kinesiographic data, respectively. Use of DA improved the overall level of patient satisfaction (p<0.001). The kinesiographic recordings revealed a significant increase (1.7 mm) in vertical mandible movements (p<0.001) during chewing and a lower (0.3 mm) vertical intrusion of the maxillary complete dentures (p=0.002) during chewing after using the DA. Use of DA in complete denture wearers improved the patients´ satisfaction and altered mandible movements, with increases in vertical movements during chewing and less intrusion of maxillary complete dentures.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da utilização de um adesivo para prótese na satisfação e nos parâmetros cinesiográficos em usuários de próteses totais por meio de um estudo "cross-over". Cinquenta pacientes desdentados receberam novas próteses totais bimaxilares. Após um período de adaptação, os participantes incluídos no estudo receberam uma sequência de tratamento: Protocolo 1- utilização do adesivo para prótese durante os primeiros 15 dias, seguida por não utilização do adesivo os próximos 15 dias; Protocolo 2- não utilização do adesivo durante os primeiros 15 dias; seguida por utilização do adesivo nos próximos 15 dias. Os resultados foram avaliados após 15 dias de cada sequência de tratamento. Um questionário para avaliar a satisfação dos pacientes e um cinesiógrafo para registrar os movimentos mandibulares e o padrão de movimento da prótese total maxilar durante mastigação foram utilizados. O teste de "Wilcoxon" (α=0,05) e o "t-test" de Student para amostras pareadas (α=0,05) foram utilizados para comparar o grau de satisfação dos pacientes e os dados cinesiográficos, respectivamente. O adesivo para prótese melhorou significativamente a satisfação geral dos participantes (p<0,001). Os registros cinesiográficos mostraram um aumento significativo (1,7 mm) no movimento mandibular vertical (p<0,001) e uma menor intrusão (0,3 mm) da prótese total superior (p=0,002) durante a mastigação após o uso de adesivo. O uso de adesivo para prótese melhorou a satisfação dos usuários de próteses totais e gerou um aumento no movimento mandibular vertical e uma menor intrusão da prótese total maxilar durante a mastigação.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Masculino , Ratas , Células Secretoras de Gastrina/metabolismo , Gastrinas/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Somatostatina/metabolismo , Somatostatina/metabolismo , Úlcera Gástrica/fisiopatología , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Mucosa Gástrica/citología , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Ratas Wistar , Úlcera Gástrica/inducido químicamente
17.
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 68(1): 75-78, jan.-mar. 2014. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: lil-715024

RESUMEN

A Síndrome da Combinação representa uma importante condição patológica do sistema mastigatório que precisa de um tratamento reabilitador complexo. A presença de mucosa flácida é uma das caraterísticas mais comuns quando ocorre a reabsorção óssea anterior da pre-maxila ocasionada pela hiperfunção anterior dos dentes inferiores sobre a prótese total superior, onde a incidência de cargas nessa região resulta na movimentação da pró tese em direção ao rebordo, resultando no aumento da reabsorção do rebordo residual, na desadaptação interna da prótese e na perda de retenção da prótese. A presença de mucosa flácida, nesses casos, acarreta ainda problemas de suporte e estabilidade da prótese total superior, que podem ser tratados com redução cirúrgica da espessura do tecido ou usando técnicas específicas de confecção das próteses. Este artigo descreve a reabilitação oral de um paciente com Síndrome da Combinação onde a redução cirúrgica da mucosa flácida não foi realizada, utilizando uma técnica modificada de moldagem funcional em duas etapas, com o objetivo de gerar menos forças e distorções na fibromucosa flácida durante a moldagem funcional.


The Combination Syndrome represents an important pathologic condition of the masticatory system that requires a complex rehabilitation treatment. The presence of flaccid mucosa is one of the most common features due to bone resorption of the pre-maxilla caused by anterior hyperfunction of the mandibular teeth on the maxillary complete denture, where the impact of oclusal loading in this region results in movement of the maxillary prosthesis into the ridge, resulting in increased resorption of the residual ridge, internal misfit and 1055 of the retention of the maxillary complete denture. The presence of flaccid mucosa, in such cases, leads to problems of support and stability of the maxillary complete denture, which can be treated by surgical reduction of the thickness of the tissue or using specific techniques of fabrication of prostheses. This article describes the oral rehabilitation of a patient with the Combination Syndrome where the surgical reduction of flaccid mucosa was not performed, using a modified technique of functional impression in two steps, with the objective of generating forces and less distortion in flaccid mucosa during functional impression.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Técnica de Impresión Dental , Oclusión Dental , Rehabilitación Bucal
18.
Araraquara; s.n; 2013. 116 p. ilus.
Tesis en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-866882

RESUMEN

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência da utilização de um adesivo para prótese (Ultra Corega creme) na formação de biofilme sobre a superfície interna de próteses totais e na microbiota bucal, no grau de satisfação, além da estimativa de custo médio diário do produto. Trinta pacientes receberam próteses totais novas, e foram divididos em dois protocolos: protocolo 1- utilização do adesivo durante os primeiros 15 dias de teste, seguida por não utilização de nenhum tipo de adesivo durante os próximos 15 dias; protocolo 2- não utilização de adesivo durante os primeiros 15 dias de teste, seguida por utilização do adesivo durante os próximos 15 dias. Após cada período de 15 dias, o biofilme formado na superfície interna das próteses totais foi corado e quantificado por meio de um método fotográfico com o auxílio de um software (Image Tool 3.00). Amostras de material da mucosa palatina e da superfície interna das próteses superiores foram plaqueadas em meios seletivos para Candida spp. e Streptococcus mutans e em um meio não seletivo. Ainda, foi aplicado um questionário para avaliação da satisfação com as próteses e o custo médio diário do produto foi estimado por meio de fórmulas matemáticas. Todas as análises foram realizadas com α = 0,05 e foram empregados testes apropriados à distribuição dos dados. Foi observada formação de biofilme semelhante com ou sem o uso do adesivo sobre as próteses superiores (Wilcoxon, p=0,255) e inferiores (Wilcoxon, p=0,433). Contagens de colônias semelhantes foram observadas com ou sem a utilização do adesivo na mucosa e na superfície interna da prótese total superior (p>0,05). O uso de adesivo proporcionou maior satisfação aos participantes (Wilcoxon, p=0,04). Em média, cada paciente utilizou 3,9 ± 0,3 gramas de adesivo por dia...


The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of adhesive usage (Ultra Corega cream) on biofilm formation on the internal surface of dentures and oral microbiota, degree of satisfaction, and the estimated average daily cost of product. Thirty patients received new dentures, and have been divided into two protocols: Protocol 1-use of the adhesive during the first 15 days of the test, followed by not using adhesive over the next 15 days; Protocol 2- no use of adhesive for the first 15 days of the test, followed by use of adhesive over the next 15 days. After each period of 15 days, the internal surfaces of the dentures were stained and photographed and the areas (total internal surface and surface stained with biofilm) quantified (Image Tool 3.00). Samples of material from the palatal mucosa and the internal surface of the maxillary denture were plated on selective media for Candida spp. and Streptococcus mutans and a non-selective medium. A questionnaire was applied to evaluate satisfaction with the dentures and the average daily cost of the product was estimated by mathematical formulas. All analyzes were performed with α=.05 and appropriate tests were applied to the data distribution. Similar biofilm formation was found with or without adhesive usage for maxillary (Wilcoxon, p=.255) and mandibular dentures (Wilcoxon, p=.433). Similar colony counts were observed with or without adhesive for mucosa and the internal surface of dentures, irrespective of the culture medium (p>.05). The use of adhesive provided higher satisfaction (Wilcoxon, p=.04). On average, each patient used 3.9 ± 0.3 grams of adhesive per day, equivalent to R $ 4.02 for average daily cost. It is concluded that the use of the adhesive did not affect the quantification of the biofilm and the oral microbiota, besides providing greater overall satisfaction


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adhesivos , Biopelículas , Estudios Cruzados , Dentadura Completa
19.
Araraquara; s.n; 2013. 115 p. ilus, tab.
Tesis en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-866883

RESUMEN

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência da utilização de um adesivo para prótese (Ultra Corega creme) na formação de biofilme sobre a superfície interna de próteses totais e na microbiota bucal, no grau de satisfação, além da estimativa de custo médio diário do produto. Trinta pacientes receberam próteses totais novas, e foram divididos em dois protocolos: protocolo 1- utilização do adesivo durante os primeiros 15 dias de teste, seguida por não utilização de nenhum tipo de adesivo durante os próximos 15 dias; protocolo 2- não utilização de adesivo durante os primeiros 15 dias de teste, seguida por utilização do adesivo durante os próximos 15 dias. Após cada período de 15 dias, o biofilme formado na superfície interna das próteses totais foi corado e quantificado por meio de um método fotográfico com o auxílio de um software (Image Tool 3.00). Amostras de material da mucosa palatina e da superfície interna das próteses superiores foram plaqueadas em meios seletivos para Candida spp. e Streptococcus mutans e em um meio não seletivo. Ainda, foi aplicado um questionário para avaliação da satisfação com as próteses e o custo médio diário do produto foi estimado por meio de fórmulas matemáticas. Todas as análises foram realizadas com α = 0,05 e foram empregados testes apropriados à distribuição dos dados. Foi observada formação de biofilme semelhante com ou sem o uso do adesivo sobre as próteses superiores (Wilcoxon, p=0,255) e inferiores (Wilcoxon, p=0,433). Contagens de colônias semelhantes foram observadas com ou sem a utilização do adesivo na mucosa e na superfície interna da prótese total superior (p>0,05). O uso de adesivo proporcionou maior satisfação aos participantes (Wilcoxon, p=0,04). Em média, cada paciente utilizou 3,9 ± 0,3 gramas de adesivo por dia...


Asunto(s)
Biopelículas , Estudios Cruzados , Dentadura Completa
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(6): 643-648, Nov.-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-660635

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of an acrylic resin combined with an antimicrobial polymer poly (2-tert-butylaminoethyl) methacrylate (PTBAEMA) to inhibit Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans biofilm formation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Discs of a heat-polymerized acrylic resin were produced and divided according to PTBAEMA concentration: 0 (control), 10 and 25%. The specimens were inoculated (10(7) CFU/mL) and incubated at 37ºC for 48 h. After incubation, the wells were washed and each specimen was sonicated for 20 min. Replicate aliquots of resultant suspensions were plated at dilutions at 37ºC for 48 h. The number of colony-forming units (CFU) was counted and expressed as log (CFU+1)/mL and analyzed statistically with α=.05. RESULTS: The results showed that 25% PTBAEMA completely inhibited S. aureus and S. mutans biofilm formation. A significant reduction of log (CFU+1)/mL in count of S. aureus (control: 7.9±0.8A; 10%: 3.8±3.3B) and S. mutans (control: 7.5±0.7A; 10%: 5.1±2.7B) was observed for the group containing 10% PTBAEMA (Mann-Whitney, p<0.05). For C. albicans, differences were not significant among the groups (control: 6.6±0.2A; 10%: 6.6±0.4A; 25%: 6.4±0.1A), (Kruskal-Wallis, p>0.05, P=0.079). CONCLUSIONS: Acrylic resin combined with 10 and 25% of PTBAEMA showed significant antimicrobial activity against S. aureus and S. mutans biofilm, but it was inactive against the C. albicans biofilm.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas/farmacología , Biopelículas/efectos de los fármacos , Candida albicans/crecimiento & desarrollo , Metacrilatos/farmacología , Staphylococcus aureus/crecimiento & desarrollo , Streptococcus mutans/crecimiento & desarrollo , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Antiinfecciosos/química , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Biopelículas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Recuento de Colonia Microbiana , Bases para Dentadura/microbiología , Metacrilatos/química , Células Madre
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...