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1.
J Prof Nurs ; 35(2): 93-100, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902412

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The New Careers in Nursing (NCIN) program provided scholarships and other supports to accelerated degree students at 130 nursing schools and collected data from the scholars at three time-points. PURPOSE: The NCIN database was analyzed to identify gender-based differences in scholars' profile characteristics, program experiences, and post-graduation outcomes. METHOD: An adaptation of Jeffreys's Nursing Universal Retention and Success Model guided the analysis. Gender differences were assessed after multiplicity adjustments for false positive rates. RESULTS: Differences based on gender were found for profile characteristics, student affective factors, academic factors, professional integration factors, environmental factors, as well as academic, psychological and NCIN program outcomes. Results suggest that males were influenced by economic factors more than females when choosing nursing as a career. They had fewer concerns about financial aspects associated with being a student again yet secured employment sooner after graduation than female scholars. They did not view support services as important as did female students. They expressed confidence in their leadership competence more than their female counterparts. CONCLUSION: Efforts are needed to better understand and address the nuanced gender-based perceptions and needs of nursing students who are male.


Asunto(s)
Empleo/economía , Relaciones Interpersonales , Percepción , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Educación en Enfermería , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Nurse Educ ; 44(5): 255-260, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30735148

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Increasing recruitment and retention of Hispanic/Latino nursing students is urgently needed to increase the diversity of the nursing profession and address persisting health disparities. PURPOSE: This integrative review describes current knowledge of Hispanic/Latino prelicensure nursing student and new graduate experiences. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using several online databases. RESULTS: The Theory of Cultural Marginality provides structure for organizing and synthesizing the literature. Several concepts from the theory are prominent in the literature, including marginal living and across-culture conflict, easing cultural tension and adjustment responses, and contextual, independent, and personal influences. CONCLUSIONS: The process that Hispanic/Latino prelicensure nursing students and new graduates experience as they acculturate into the profession of nursing is complex. Understanding this process is paramount for nurse educators and should be the foundation on which to design, measure, and evaluate educational strategies aimed at fostering student success.


Asunto(s)
Aculturación , Hispanoamericanos/psicología , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Bachillerato en Enfermería , Humanos , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería
3.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(1): 4-10, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30095729

RESUMEN

AIM: The purpose was to synthesize the published evidence to present the state of the science in clinical evaluation research in nursing education. BACKGROUND: Clinical evaluation is key to ensuring nursing students' clinical competence, application of knowledge, and critical thinking, all of which are important to patient safety and quality nursing care. METHOD: Cooper's research synthesis method was used. RESULTS: A comprehensive literature search resulted in 250 documents, of which 88 met study criteria. Topics were exhaustive but not mutually exclusive and included competence, instrumentation, congruence, teaching methods, objective structured clinical evaluation, faculty/preceptor issues with clinical evaluation, essential clinical behaviors, topic-based evaluation, decision-making about clinical grade, and clinical reasoning. CONCLUSION: Nursing education science is in its infancy in many areas. Two areas most in need of future research are the need to accurately define and efficiently measure competence in the clinical area and the need for reliable and valid instrumentation.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Educación en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Competencia Clínica , Humanos , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Pensamiento
4.
5.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 32(1): 22-5, 2011.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21473477

RESUMEN

The number of doctoral programs in nursing has been increasing. However, these programs tend to focus on preparing nurse scientists to conduct research, and many spend little time preparing doctoral students for the educator, clinical researcher, or administrator role. Leaders of doctoral programs have identified the need to prepare doctoral students in the functional roles they will assume upon graduation, in addition to the researcher role. This article describes a two-course (six-credit) sequence of courses within a research-focused PhD in Nursing program that provides didactic and experiential knowledge about the role of the nurse scientist in academia and industry settings. Students are highly satisfied with the courses, and report that the experiences have provided them with important knowledge and skills as they assume the scientist role.


Asunto(s)
Curriculum , Educación de Postgrado en Enfermería/métodos , Docentes de Enfermería/provisión & distribución , Humanos , Internado no Médico , North Carolina , Enfermeras Administradoras/educación , Rol de la Enfermera , Investigación en Enfermería/educación , Preceptoría , Estados Unidos
6.
Nurse Educ Today ; 31(4): 333-9, 2011 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20678829

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge base of nursing students regarding the topic of genetics and how this may change as a student progresses through the nursing program. A 70 item multiple-choice and dichotomous survey was given to freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior nursing students at a university school of nursing in the eastern part of the United States. Two hundred and seventy five pre-licensure nursing students, 255 females and 18 males, comprised the sample. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed and the results concluded that there was a significant difference among the freshmen, sophomores, juniors, and seniors in regards to having at least a 'minimal' knowledge or better of medical genetic terminology and conditions. Seniors reported a higher number of terms which they had at least a 'minimal' knowledge level or better than freshmen or sophomores. Also the juniors reported a higher number of terms which they had at least a 'minimal' knowledge level or better than sophomores.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica/estadística & datos numéricos , Curriculum , Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Genética/educación , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Análisis de Varianza , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Facultades de Enfermería , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
8.
J Prof Nurs ; 26(4): 250-4, 2010.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20637447

RESUMEN

The choice of a venue for publication of a manuscript is rarely a clear-cut decision. Several factors should be considered in this decision, such as the audience for whom you are writing, the topic of the manuscript, the purposes for which you are writing, and the journal guidelines. These factors may vary in importance to the author. Examining each factor and plotting the importance visually on a checklist will assist the author in making the decision about where a manuscript should be submitted so that the article will have the desired impact.


Asunto(s)
Difusión de la Información/métodos , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Investigación en Enfermería , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Edición , Guías como Asunto , Humanos
9.
Issues Ment Health Nurs ; 27(2): 199-212, 2006.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16418079

RESUMEN

College Bound Sisters (CBS) is a program that helps younger sisters of teenage mothers change their life trajectory by accomplishing three objectives: avoidance of pregnancy, completion of high school, and enrollment in college. Data related to religious activities and accomplishment of the three objectives for 129 members were analyzed using chi square. CBS defines health as the accomplishment of the three program objectives using Norbeck's theoretical model of social support. The adolescents were divided into three groups: those who became pregnant, dropped out of school, or completed high school. The three groups were compared with regard to the frequency of participating in religious activities. The majority of the CBS adolescents reported participating in weekly religious activities. No significant difference was found among the three groups, with regard to religious activities. However, CBS program participants were more likely than nonparticipants to graduate high school and enroll in college. Implications for incorporating religious activities in teenage pregnancy prevention programs are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud del Adolescente/organización & administración , Embarazo en Adolescencia/prevención & control , Religión y Psicología , Grupos de Autoayuda/organización & administración , Hermanos/psicología , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Femenino , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Enfermería Maternoinfantil/organización & administración , Modelos de Enfermería , Modelos Psicológicos , North Carolina , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Embarazo , Embarazo en Adolescencia/psicología , Prevención Primaria/organización & administración , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Psicología del Adolescente , Autoimagen , Apoyo Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
10.
J Perinat Educ ; 13(1): 1-8, 2004.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17273370

RESUMEN

In earlier studies, the Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool (BAPT) demonstrated predictive validity in the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a modified version of the BAPT when given in the last trimester (BAPT1) and following delivery (BAPT2) in predicting breastfeeding attrition among 117 women who planned to breastfeed for at least 8 weeks. Subjects completed the BAPT during a prenatal breastfeeding class and again at delivery, and they received a phone call at 8 weeks to determine breastfeeding status. In this study, neither of the two administrations of the BAPT was predictive of breastfeeding status at 8 weeks. Findings here may differ because subjects in the current study were all committed enough to attend breastfeeding class and, thus, varied less on commitment than women in earlier studies. Significant associations were found with level of education and having a close relative who breastfed. To assist the perinatal educator in identifying women most at risk for early cessation of breastfeeding, the use of three questions regarding level of education, family support, and breastfeeding preparation is suggested.

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