Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 155
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 743, 2022 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35136053

RESUMEN

Nickel-based complex oxides have served as a playground for decades in the quest for a copper-oxide analog of the high-temperature superconductivity. They may provide clues towards understanding the mechanism and an alternative route for high-temperature superconductors. The recent discovery of superconductivity in the infinite-layer nickelate thin films has fulfilled this pursuit. However, material synthesis remains challenging, direct demonstration of perfect diamagnetism is still missing, and understanding of the role of the interface and bulk to the superconducting properties is still lacking. Here, we show high-quality Nd0.8Sr0.2NiO2 thin films with different thicknesses and demonstrate the interface and strain effects on the electrical, magnetic and optical properties. Perfect diamagnetism is achieved, confirming the occurrence of superconductivity in the films. Unlike the thick films in which the normal-state Hall-coefficient changes signs as the temperature decreases, the Hall-coefficient of films thinner than 5.5 nm remains negative, suggesting a thickness-driven band structure modification. Moreover, X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals the Ni-O hybridization nature in doped infinite-layer nickelates, and the hybridization is enhanced as the thickness decreases. Consistent with band structure calculations on the nickelate/SrTiO3 heterostructure, the interface and strain effect induce a dominating electron-like band in the ultrathin film, thus causing the sign-change of the Hall-coefficient.

2.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(2): 266-275, febrero 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-203432

RESUMEN

PurposeIncreasing evidences suggest dysfunctions of microRNAs (miRNAs) are playing important part in tumors. Therefore, the role of miR-802 in osteosarcoma (OS) was exploited. The object was to evaluate the effect of miR-802 and verify its influence on p27 Kip1 (p27) in OS.MethodsRT-qPCR experiment was used to detect miR-802 and p27 expression in OS tissues and cells. We explored the function of miR-802 through Transwell assays. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT serine/threonine kinase pathway and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) was detected by Western blot assays. Luciferase assay was used to testify the target of miR-802.ResultsMiR-802 expression was elevated in OS, which was related to poor clinical outcome in OS patients. MiR-802 overexpression promoted OS migration, invasion and EMT. Further, p27 is a direct target of miR-802. P27 elevation counteracted the promotion effect of OS on EMT, migration and invasion induced by miR-802. In addition, miR-802 overexpression inactivated PI3K/AKT pathway via targeting p27 in OS.ConclusionMiR-802 promoted the progress of EMT, migration and invasion in OS via targeting p27. This newly identified miR-802/p27/PI3K/AKT axis may represent potential targets for OS.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Ciencias de la Salud , Osteosarcoma , MicroARNs , Neoplasias , Transición Epitelial-Mesenquimal , 51710 , Luciferasas
3.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 24(2): 266-275, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318428

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Increasing evidences suggest dysfunctions of microRNAs (miRNAs) are playing important part in tumors. Therefore, the role of miR-802 in osteosarcoma (OS) was exploited. The object was to evaluate the effect of miR-802 and verify its influence on p27 Kip1 (p27) in OS. METHODS: RT-qPCR experiment was used to detect miR-802 and p27 expression in OS tissues and cells. We explored the function of miR-802 through Transwell assays. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT serine/threonine kinase pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was detected by Western blot assays. Luciferase assay was used to testify the target of miR-802. RESULTS: MiR-802 expression was elevated in OS, which was related to poor clinical outcome in OS patients. MiR-802 overexpression promoted OS migration, invasion and EMT. Further, p27 is a direct target of miR-802. P27 elevation counteracted the promotion effect of OS on EMT, migration and invasion induced by miR-802. In addition, miR-802 overexpression inactivated PI3K/AKT pathway via targeting p27 in OS. CONCLUSION: MiR-802 promoted the progress of EMT, migration and invasion in OS via targeting p27. This newly identified miR-802/p27/PI3K/AKT axis may represent potential targets for OS.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Óseas/etiología , Inhibidor p27 de las Quinasas Dependientes de la Ciclina/fisiología , MicroARNs/fisiología , Osteosarcoma/etiología , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/fisiología , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/fisiología , Adolescente , Neoplasias Óseas/patología , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteosarcoma/patología , Adulto Joven
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(39): 3238-3243, 2021 Oct 26.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689537

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the efficacy and safety of S(+)-ketamine combined with sufentanil for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer and explore its impact on patients' early recovery. Methods: One hundred and ten patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from December 2020 to March 2021, were divided into two groups (n=55) using a random number table: group S received PCIA, with continuous infusion of S(+)-ketamine combined with sufentanil, while group C received PCIA, with continuous infusion of sufentanil. PCIA was initiated at the end of the surgery, and the formulations were as follows: group S, S(+)-ketamine (1.44 mg/kg), sufentanil (1.05 µg/kg), ketorolac tromethamine (2.0 mg/kg) and tropisetron (5 mg), in 100 ml of normal saline; group C: sufentanil (1.50 µg/kg), ketorolac tromethamine (2.0 mg/kg) and tropisetron (5 mg), in 100 ml of normal saline. Postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and Ramsay sedation scale were recorded at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 h after the surgery. The incidence of remedial analgesia, the effective compressions number of PCI during 48 h after the operation. Time to first ambulation, time to first anal exhaust, time to resume oral feeding were recorded. The occurrence of adverse effects was compared between the two groups. Results: A total of 10 patients were excluded during the study, including 4 cases of conversion to laparotomy, 3 cases of dropping out of the study, and 3 cases with operation time more than 4 hours. Finally, 50 cases in group S and 50 cases in group C completed the study. There were no significant differences in VAS scores and Ramsay sedation sores at all time points between two groups (all P>0.05). Likewise, there were also no significant differences in the number of remedial analgesia and effective compressions of PCIA during 48 h after the operation between the two groups (both P>0.05). The total dosage of sufentanil consumption in group S [(64±9) µg] was lower than that in group C [(95±12) µg] within 48 h of PCIA, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.001). Time to first ambulation in group S was (1.1±0.2) d, which was shorter than that in group C [(1.6±0.5) d], and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Likewise, time to first anal exhaust in group S [(1.3±0.4) d] was shorter than that in group C [(1.8±0.6) d], with a statistically significant difference (P<0.001). Additionally, time to resume oral feeding in group S was (2.5±0.6) d, which was shorter than that in group C [(3.1±0.7) d], and there was a statistically significant difference (P<0.001). The incidence of nausea, vomiting and pruritus in group S were 4.0%, 2.0% and 0, which were lower than that in group C (16.0%, 10% and 8.0%, respectively), with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). No case with psychiatric symptoms was found in both groups. Conclusion: When used for postoperative intravenous analgesia in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer, S(+)-ketamine combined with sufentanil can provide satisfactory analgesic effects, decrease total consumption of sufentanil and the incidence of adverse effects, and thus facilitate patients' early recovery.


Asunto(s)
Ketamina , Laparoscopía , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Neoplasias del Recto , Anciano , Analgesia Controlada por el Paciente , Humanos , Dolor Postoperatorio , Neoplasias del Recto/cirugía , Sufentanilo
6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(5): 446-452, 2021 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874706

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) setting of mechanical ventilation guided by esophageal pressure in the treatment of patients with traumatic craniocerebral injury combined with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted. From June 2016 to June 2018, 55 patients with traumatic craniocerebral injury combined with ARDS who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University. According to PEEP setting method, 28 patients were allocated to esophageal pressure group (17 males and 11 females, aged (40±13) years) and 27 patients were allocated to PEEP-fractional concentration of inspired oxygen (FiO2) table group (18 males and 9 females, aged (38±10) years). Patients in the 2 groups were treated with mechanical ventilation guided by lung protective ventilation strategy, and the optimal PEEP at 0 (immediately), 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment was determined according to esophageal pressure and PEEP-FiO2 table, respectively. The mechanical ventilation parameters in the 2 groups were adjusted according to the optimal PEEP. The transpulmonary end-expiratory pressure, pulmonary compliance, oxygen index, central venous pressure, mean arterial pressure, and intracranial pressure at 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, chi-square test, independent sample t test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: The optimal PEEP of patients in esophageal pressure group at 0, 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment was (12.4±3.9), (11.2±3.5), (13.4±2.6), and (13.2±3.6) cmH2O (1 cmH2O=0.098 kPa), respectively, which was significantly higher than (8.2±2.5), (7.4±2.2), (8.3±2.3), and (8.5±2.5) cmH2O in PEEP-FiO2 table group, respectively (t=4.702, 4.743, 7.849, 5.623, P<0.01). The transpulmonary end-expiratory pressure and pulmonary compliance at 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment and oxygen index at 48 and 72 h after treatment of patients in esophageal pressure group were significantly higher than those in PEEP-FiO2 table group (t=17.852, 20.586, 19.532, 4.752, 5.256, 7.446, 2.342, 4.178, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The central venous pressure of patients in esophageal pressure group at 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment was significantly higher than that in PEEP-FiO2 table group (t=12.632, 5.247, 8.994, P<0.01), and there was no statistically significant difference in mean arterial pressure of patients between the 2 groups at 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment (P>0.05). The intracranial pressure of patients in esophageal pressure group was higher than that in PEEP-FiO2 table group at 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment, but there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: For patients with traumatic craniocerebral injury combined with ARDS, the optimal PEEP can be set under the guidance of esophageal pressure method, and the mechanical ventilation parameters adjusted according to the optimal PEEP can improve lung compliance and accelerate recovery of lung function more effectively, with no adverse effect in mean arterial pressure and intracranial pressure.


Asunto(s)
Traumatismos Craneocerebrales , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Respiración con Presión Positiva , Respiración Artificial , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(2): 128-135, 2021 Feb 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611898

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the 4-year clinical outcomes of patients following Firesorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) implantation. Methods: The study reported the 4-year follow-up results of the FUTURE I study. FUTURE I was a prospective, single-center, open-label, first-in-man study which evaluated the feasibility, preliminary safety, and efficacy of Firesorb stent in the treatment of coronary artery stenosis. A total of 45 patients with single de novo lesions in native coronary arteries ,who hospitalized in Fuwai Hospital from January to March 2016 were enrolled. After successfully stent implantation these patients were randomized in a 2∶1 ratio into cohort 1 (n=30) or cohort 2 (n=15). The patients in cohort 1 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT examination at 6 months and 2 years; and cohort 2 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT at 1 and 3 years. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1, 6 months and 1 year and annually thereafter up to 5 years. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF, including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization). Secondary endpoints included patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE, defined as composite of all death, all miocardial infarction, or any revascularization). Results: A total of 45 patients were enrolled and implanted with Firesorb BRS, including 35 males (77.8%), and the age was (54.4±9.3) years. At 4 years, 10 patients in cohort 1 were reexamined by coronary angiography and OCT examination. Among them, 2 patients' stents were completely degraded and absorbed. Compared with the OCT images of the other 8 patients in cohort 2 at 3 years, the degree of stent degradation was increased, and no stent adherence was found. The 4-year clinical follow-up rate was 100%. In 4-year clinical following up, 2 patients suffered PoCE (4.4%): 1 patient underwent non-target vessel revascularization the day after index procedure and target vessel revascularization (Non-target lesion revascularization) at 2-year imaging follow-up; the other patient underwent target lesion revascularization during imaging follow-up at 4 years but not due to ischemic driven. There was no scaffold thrombosis or TLF events through 4 years. Conclusions: Four years after the implantation, complete degradation and absorption of the Firsorb stent are evidenced in some patients. Firesorb stent is feasible and effective in the treatment of patients with non-complex coronary lesions.


Asunto(s)
Fármacos Cardiovasculares , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Stents Liberadores de Fármacos , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Implantes Absorbibles , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Sirolimus , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Poult Sci ; 99(10): 4818-4823, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988518

RESUMEN

This study was conducted to determine the effect of feeding frequency on growth performance, carcass traits, and apparent nutrient digestibility in geese from 28 to 70 D of age. In experiment 1, a total of 240 geese were distributed in a completely randomized design into 4 treatments and 6 replicates of 10 birds each. The treatments were free access to the feeder (ad libitum) and access to the feeder 3, 4, and 5 times daily. Geese fed 3 times daily had a lower (P < 0.05) BW, ADG, and ADFI and a higher (P = 0.064) feed conversion ratio (FCR) from 28 to 41 D of age compared with the other groups. Geese fed 4 times daily had a higher (P < 0.05) ADG and ADFI and a lower (P < 0.05) FCR from 42 to 55 D of age compared with ad libitum fed geese. Geese fed 3 times daily had a higher (P < 0.05) ADG from 56 to 69 D of age than geese fed ad libitum and 4 times daily. No differences (P > 0.05) in BW, ADFI, ADG, and FCR were observed between ad libitum and feeding frequency groups from 28 to 69 D of age. Carcass traits and gastrointestinal development were not affected (P > 0.05) by feeding frequency. In experiment 2, the apparent nutrient digestibility in geese from 71 to 77 D of age fed using different feeding frequencies was determined using the total fecal collection method. Feeding frequency did not affect (P > 0.05) the apparent digestibility of DM, CP, crude ash, calcium, phosphorous, or ether extract in geese. Our study demonstrates for the first time that compensatory growth can be gained by enhancing feed intake when a lower feeding frequency is imposed on geese. Both ad libitum feeding and fixed feeding frequency for 3 to 5 times daily are suitable for geese from 28 to 70 D of age to achieve optimum production.


Asunto(s)
Alimentación Animal , Crianza de Animales Domésticos , Digestión , Métodos de Alimentación , Gansos , Alimentación Animal/análisis , Crianza de Animales Domésticos/métodos , Animales , Constitución Corporal/fisiología , Dieta/veterinaria , Digestión/fisiología , Métodos de Alimentación/normas , Métodos de Alimentación/veterinaria , Gansos/crecimiento & desarrollo , Gansos/metabolismo , Nutrientes/metabolismo , Distribución Aleatoria
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(29): 2268-2272, 2020 Aug 04.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746596

RESUMEN

Objective: To summarize the clinicopathological characteristics of "difficult to locate" intractable epilepsy patients, and investigate the causes of difficulty in their location. Method: Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 58 patients who underwent resection of the epileptogenic zones after intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) detection at the Department of Neurosurgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2010 to December 2018. Clinicopathological characteristics and lesion lobes of "difficult to locate" intractable epilepsy were summarized. The prognosis of patients was assessed according to Engel grading.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the relevant factors affecting the prognosis of patients with "difficult to locate" intractable epilepsy related to malformation of cortical development(MCD). Results: Among the 58 patients, there were 47 cases of MCD (12 cases with mild malformation of cortical development (mMCD), 35 cases with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD)), and 11 cases of other types. Among the 47 MCD cases, univariate analysis showed that patients with preoperative magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) positive and completed resection of the epileptogenic zones had better prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that completed resection of epileptogenic zones was an independent factor affecting the postoperative efficacy of MCD (P=0.013,Wald χ(2)=6.149, 95%CI: 0.07-0.56). And among the 47 MCD cases, 18 cases were with mono-lobar lesions and 29 cases were with multi-lobar lesions, however, there was no significant difference of the efficacy between the two groups (P=0.511). Conclusions: MCD, especially FCD, is the main pathological types of patients with "difficult to locate" intractable epilepsy. Multi-lobar pathological changes, especially multi-lobar MCD, are the main reasons of being difficult to locate, however, accurate locating of epileptogenic zones and functional areas via effective use of iEEG can achieve satisfactory efficacy in these patients after resection of the epileptogenic zones.


Asunto(s)
Epilepsia Refractaria , Malformaciones del Desarrollo Cortical , Electroencefalografía , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 110-116, 2020 Feb 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114728

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the effect of ulinastatin combined with glutamine on early hemodynamics in patients with severe burns. Methods: Thirty-two patients with severe burns who met the inclusion criteria and hospitalized in the Affiliated Huaihai Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected for conducting a prospective randomized controlled trial. According to the random number table, the patients were divided into conventional treatment group (4 males and 4 females), ulinastatin group (5 males and 3 females), glutamine group (5 males and 3 females), and ulinastatin+ glutamine group (4 males and 4 females), with ages of (36±8), (34±8), (35±9), and (38±13) years in turn. From post injury day 2, patients in the 4 groups were given nutritional support of equal nitrogen and equal calories, of which protein was 2.0 g/kg daily. In addition, patients in the ulinastatin group received intravenous injection of 100 kU ulinastatin every 8 hours for 7 consecutive days; 0.3 g/kg of protein given to patients in the glutamine group was provided by alanine glutamine for 7 consecutive days; patients in the ulinastatin+ glutamine group received corresponding treatments of both ulinastatin group and glutamine group. With the help of pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring technology, the cardiac index, stroke volume index (SVI), global end-diastolic volume index (GEDI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI) of patients in each group were measured on treatment day (TD) 1, 3, and 7. Data were processed with Fisher's exact probability method, one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, and Bonferroni method. Results: The cardiac index was low and the SVI value was lower than the normal value on TD 1 in patients of the 4 groups, without statistically significant differences between any two groups (P>0.05), and then they were all gradually increased. On TD 3 and 7, compared with those of the conventional treatment group, the cardiac index and SVI of patients in the other three groups were all increased, and the cardiac index and SVI of patients in the ulinastatin+ glutamine group were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). On TD 1, the GEDI of patients in the conventional treatment group, ulinastatin group, glutamine group, and ulinastatin+ glutamine group were at normal low levels, which were (659±58), (661±79), (659±88), and (653±71) mL/m(2) respectively, without statistically significant differences between any two groups (P>0.05), and then they all gradually increased. On TD 3 and 7, compared with (684±82) and (742±46) mL/m(2) of the conventional treatment group, the GEDI of patients in the ulinastatin group, glutamine group, and ulinastatin+ glutamine group were all elevated, which were (732±53) and (777±33), (725±58) and (783±49), (813±65) and (849±27) mL/m(2) respectively, and the GEDI of patients in the ulinastatin+ glutamine group was significantly increased (P<0.05). The SVRI of patients in the four groups were all at high levels on TD 1, without statistically significant differences between any two groups (P>0.05), and then they all gradually decreased. On TD 3 and 7, compared with those of the conventional treatment group, the SVRI of patients in the other three groups were all increased, and the SVRI in the ulinastatin+ glutamine group was significantly increased (P<0.05). On TD 1, the EVLWI of patients in the conventional treatment group, ulinastatin group, glutamine group, and ulinastatin+ glutamine group were all in the normal range, which were (6.6±0.6), (6.3±0.4), (6.5±0.4), and (6.6±0.6) mL/kg respectively, without statistically significant differences between any two groups (P>0.05), and then they all showed the increasing trend. On TD 3 and 7, compared with (7.1±0.9) and (7.9±0.5) mL/kg of the conventional treatment group, the EVLWI of patients in the ulinastatin group, glutamine group, and ulinastatin+ glutamine group were all decreased, which were (6.2±0.6) and (7.1±0.4), (6.3±1.0) and (7.2±0.9), (5.8±0.7) and (6.7±0.6) mL/kg respectively, and the EVLWI of patients in the ulinastatin+ glutamine group was significantly decreased (P<0.05). On TD 1, the PVPI of patients in the four groups were all in the normal range, without statistically significant differences between any two groups (P>0.05), and then they all gradually decreased. On TD 3 and 7, compared with those of the conventional treatment group, the PVPI of patients in the other three groups were all decreased, and the PVPI in the ulinastatin+ glutamine group was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions: Ulinastatin combined with glutamine can increase the cardiac index, SVI, GEDI, and SVRI and reduce the EVLWI and PVPI in treating patients with severe burns, thereby increasing early cardiac output after injury, promoting tissue and organ perfusion, and reducing pulmonary edema, resulting in significant improvement in early hemodynamics of patients with severe burns.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Adulto , Agua Pulmonar Extravascular , Femenino , Glutamina , Glicoproteínas , Hemodinámica , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos
12.
Br J Surg ; 107(2): e123-e132, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903588

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Delirium is common in elderly patients after surgery and is associated with poor outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the impact of intraoperative dexmedetomidine on the incidence of delirium in elderly patients undergoing major surgery. METHODS: This was a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Elderly patients (aged 60 years or more) scheduled to undergo major non-cardiac surgery were randomized into two groups. Patients in the intervention group received a loading dose of dexmedetomidine 0·6 µg/kg 10 min before induction of anaesthesia followed by a continuous infusion (0·5 µg per kg per h) until 1 h before the end of surgery. Patients in the control group received volume-matched normal saline in the same schedule. The primary outcome was the incidence of delirium during the first 5 days after surgery. Delirium was assessed with the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) for non-ventilated patients and CAM for the Intensive Care Unit for ventilated patients. RESULTS: In total, 309 patients who received dexmedetomidine and 310 control patients were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. The incidence of delirium within 5 days of surgery was lower with dexmedetomidine treatment: 5·5 per cent (17 of 309) versus 10·3 per cent (32 of 310) in the control group (relative risk (RR) 0·53, 95 per cent c.i. 0·30 to 0·94; P = 0·026). The overall incidence of complications at 30 days was also lower after dexmedetomidine (19·4 per cent (60 of 309) versus 26·1 per cent (81 of 310) for controls; RR 0·74, 0·55 to 0·99, P = 0·047). CONCLUSION: Intraoperative dexmedetomidine halved the risk of delirium in the elderly after major non-cardiac surgery. Registration number: ChiCTR-IPR-15007654 ( www.chictr.org.cn).


ANTECEDENTES: El delirio después de la cirugía es frecuente en los pacientes de edad avanzada y se asocia con malos resultados. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el impacto de la administración intraoperatoria de dexmedetomidina en la incidencia de delirio en pacientes mayores sometidos a operaciones de cirugía mayor. MÉTODOS: Se trataba de un ensayo aleatorizado, doble ciego y controlado con placebo. Un total de 620 pacientes mayores (60 años o más) fueron programados para ser sometidos a intervenciones (no cardiacas) de cirugía mayor y se aleatorizaron a dos grupos. Los pacientes en el grupo de intervención recibieron una dosis de carga de dexmedetomidina (0,6 µg/kg, 10 minutos antes de la inducción anestésica) seguida de una infusión continua (0,5 µg/kg/h) hasta 1 h antes de la finalización de la cirugía. Los pacientes del grupo control recibieron el mismo volumen de suero salino siguiendo la misma pauta. El resultado principal era la incidencia de delirio durante los primeros 5 días postoperatorios. Para la valoración del delirio se utilizó el método para la evaluación de la confusión (Confusion Assessment Method, CAM) en pacientes no intubados y el CAM-UCI para los pacientes intubados. RESULTADOS: En total, 309 pacientes que recibieron dexmedetomidina y 310 del grupo control se incluyeron en el análisis por intención de tratar. La incidencia de delirio durante los primeros 5 días tras la cirugía fue inferior en presencia de tratamiento con dexmedetomidina que en ausencia del mismo: 5,5% (17/309) versus 10,3% (32/310); riesgo relativo (RR) 0,53, i.c. del 95% 0,30-0,94, P = 0,026. La incidencia global de complicaciones a los 30 días excluyendo el delirio también fue inferior en presencia que en ausencia de tratamiento con dexmedetomidina (19,4% (60/309) versus 26,1% (81/301), RR 0,74, i.c. del 95% 0,55-0,99, P = 0,047). CONCLUSIÓN: La administración intraoperatoria de dexmedetomidina reduce la presencia de delirio en los pacientes mayores tras cirugía mayor no cardiaca.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Ambulatorios/efectos adversos , Analgésicos no Narcóticos/uso terapéutico , Delirio/prevención & control , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapéutico , Cuidados Intraoperatorios/métodos , Anciano , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Ambulatorios/métodos , Analgésicos no Narcóticos/administración & dosificación , Dexmedetomidina/administración & dosificación , Método Doble Ciego , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Atención Perioperativa/métodos
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(15): 6691-6699, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378912

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the regulatory effect of hypoxic preconditioning bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-exosomes on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMSCs-derived exosomes were extracted by Exoquick method. Expressions of exosome surface markers were determined by Western blot. The AMI model in rats was established by LAD ligation. Rats were randomly assigned into sham group, AMI group, AMI+H-exo group and AMI+N-exo group. MicroRNA-24 expression in rat myocardium was detected at different time points. Subsequently, hypoxic preconditioning or normoxic preconditioning BMSCs-exosomes were intramyocardially injected into rats. Infarct size was calculated through TTC (triphenyltetrazolium chloride) staining. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was accessed with Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase dUTP Nick-end Labeling (TUNEL). Heart function of AMI rats was evaluated by echocardiography. Protein expressions of apoptotic genes in rat myocardium were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: The mRNA level of microRNA-24 was higher in H-exo group than N-exo group. Injection of hypoxic preconditioning BMSCs-exosomes markedly upregulated microRNA-24 level, reduced infarct size and improved cardiac function in AMI rats. Protein expressions of Bax, caspase-3 and cleaved-caspase-3 were downregulated by BMSCs-exosomes treatment. H9c2 cells showed upregulated microRNA-24 level and decreased apoptotic rate after incubation with hypoxic preconditioning BMSCs-exosomes. The above cellular performances were partially reversed by transfection of microRNA-24 inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: Hypoxic preconditioning BMSCs-exosomes inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis in AMI rats by upregulating microRNA-24.


Asunto(s)
Apoptosis/genética , Exosomas , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Miocardio/patología , Animales , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Caspasa 3/genética , Técnicas de Cultivo de Célula , Hipoxia de la Célula , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Regulación hacia Abajo/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamiento del Gen , Humanos , Inyecciones Intralesiones , Masculino , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/citología , MicroARNs/antagonistas & inhibidores , MicroARNs/genética , Infarto del Miocardio/genética , Infarto del Miocardio/patología , Ratas , Regulación hacia Arriba
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 98(43): 3490-3495, 2018 Nov 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481897

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the influence of simulation mouse use motion under different wrist forcing postures on median nerve, tendons and ligaments in the carpal tunnel. Methods: From June to November in 2017, a total of 49 healthy volunteers [aged from 18 to 27 years, 24 males (48 cases of hands) and 25 females (50 cases of hands)] were selected in the Institute of Digitized Medicine and First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University.Three hand postures of the volunteers were simultaneously and continuously measured by using LOGIQ E9 ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and Zebris foot pressure distribution measurement system.Seventeen parameters of nerves, tendons and ligaments in carpal tunnel were observed under natural (0 N), and two forced (25 and 50 N) states.Double factor variance analysis was performed with generalized estimating equation (GEE). Results: With increasing pressure (0, 25 and 50 N) of hand postures, the distance between median nerve and transverse carpal ligament were all less than 0.2 cm.The differences in both the distance between median nerve and flexor pollicis longus under the hand pressure changes or under the hand posture changes and the top angle of a triangle composed of median nerve, flexor pollicis longus and flexor digitorum superficialis group under the hand pressure changes or under the hand posture changes were all significant under the GEE analysis (all P<0.01). There were no significant changes in all other structural parameters in the carpal tunnel with the increasing of hand pressure (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The influence of the transverse carpal ligament to the median nerve belongs to the mechanism of pressure-induced irritation damage.The influence of flexor pollicis longus to median nerve belongs to the mechanism of tension-induced irritation damage.The influence of flexor digitorum superficialis to median nerve belongs to the mechanism of mixed shear irritation damage.


Asunto(s)
Nervio Mediano , Muñeca , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome del Túnel Carpiano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Postura , Tendones , Ultrasonografía , Articulación de la Muñeca , Adulto Joven
16.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 81(3): 404-409, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30350529

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: To investigate the relationship among fibrotic, haemostatic and endotoxic changes in patients with different degrees of liver cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Liver fibrotic markers, including hyaluronic acid (HA), Ccollagen IV (Col-IV), laminin (LN), and N-terminal pro-peptide of collagen type III (PIIINP), were determined by radioimmunoassay. A series of haemostatic tests, including prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio, activated partial thromboplastin time, antithrombin-III, thrombin time, fibrinogen, fibrin(ogen) degradation product and D-dimer were determined using an automatic coagulation analyszer. Plasma levels of endotoxin were detected quantitatively using an endotoxin detection kit. Correlation analysis of the data was performed. RESULTS: Based on Child-Pugh classification, statistically significant differences in fibrotic markers and haemostatic parameters were found in 249 patients with liver cirrhosis, while no significant differences in endotoxin levels were observed. Based on ascites classification, statistically significant differences in fibrotic markers (such as HA, Col-IV and PIIINP, except for LN) and haemostatic parameters were found. As for endotoxin levels, there were significant differences between the ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and no-ascites groups, while no significant differences were observed between the ascites and SBP groups. Correlation analysis demonstrated some correlation among fibrotic markers, haemostatic parameters and endotoxin. CONCLUSIONS: A close relationship exists between the severity of cirrhosis and fibrotic changes, as well as haemostatic changes. Endotoxin may be an important contributing factor to the development of ascites in cirrhosis. Some correlation may exist between fibrosis, haemostatic and endotoxin.


Asunto(s)
Antitrombina III/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Endotoxinas/metabolismo , Productos de Degradación de Fibrina-Fibrinógeno/metabolismo , Fibrinógeno/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurónico/metabolismo , Cirrosis Hepática/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ascitis/etiología , Colágeno Tipo IV/metabolismo , Femenino , Hemostasis , Humanos , Relación Normalizada Internacional , Cirrosis Hepática/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tiempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Fragmentos de Péptidos/metabolismo , Procolágeno/metabolismo , Pronóstico , Tiempo de Protrombina , Estudios Retrospectivos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Tiempo de Trombina , Adulto Joven
17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(14): 146802, 2018 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339445

RESUMEN

Electrolyte gating is a powerful means for tuning the carrier density and exploring the resultant modulation of novel properties on solid surfaces. However, the mechanism, especially its effect on the oxygen migration and electrostatic charging at the oxide heterostructures, is still unclear. Here we explore the electrolyte gating on oxygen-deficient interfaces between SrTiO_{3} (STO) crystals and LaAlO_{3} (LAO) overlayer through the measurements of electrical transport, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectra. We found that oxygen vacancies (O_{vac}) were filled selectively and irreversibly after gating due to oxygen electromigration at the amorphous LAO/STO interface, resulting in a reconstruction of its interfacial band structure. Because of the filling of O_{vac}, the amorphous interface also showed an enhanced electron mobility and quantum oscillation of the conductance. Further, the filling effect could be controlled by the degree of the crystallinity of the LAO overlayer by varying the growth temperatures. Our results reveal the different effects induced by electrolyte gating, providing further clues to understand the mechanism of electrolyte gating on buried interfaces and also opening a new avenue for constructing high-mobility oxide interfaces.

18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30282172

RESUMEN

Objective:To explore the association between the morphological classification and prognosis of conservative treatment for vocal fold leukoplakia. Method:Patients with different types of vocal fold leukoplakia received conservative treatment first. Those who had failed response to conservative treatment or recurred received carbon dioxide laser resection. Then the efficacy and recurrence rate were compared among the three types of vocal fold leukoplakia. Result:Two hundred and thirty-six patients consisted of 78 flat and smooth cases, 146 bulge and smooth cases, and 12 rough cases. The complete response rate of conservative treatment for the three types was 80.8%, 65.1%, and 0%, respectively (P<0.01). Out of 158 patients who had complete response to conservative treatment, 10.1% cases recurred in 1 year (flat and smooth vs. bulge and smooth, 6.3% vs. 12.6%,P=0.283). Totally, 78 patients had no complete response to conservative treatment and 16 patients experienced recurrence, whose complete response rate of carbon dioxide resection was 89.5%, 85.7%, and 75.0%, respectively (P=0.53). The pathological results were significantly different among three types. The complete response rate of conservative treatment combined with surgery for three types was 97.4%, 93.8%, and 75.0%, respectively, and the complete response rate of flat and smooth type was significantly higher than that of rough type (P=0.002). Conclusion:The Conservative treatment could be based on the morphological classification of vocal fold leukoplakia. The treatment modality that conservative treatment combined with surgery had no impact on the prognosis of vocal fold leukoplakia.

19.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1897, 2018 05 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29765044

RESUMEN

Complex-oxide materials exhibit physical properties that involve the interplay of charge and spin degrees of freedom. However, an ambipolar oxide that is able to exhibit both electron-doped and hole-doped ferromagnetism in the same material has proved elusive. Here we report ambipolar ferromagnetism in LaMnO3, with electron-hole asymmetry of the ferromagnetic order. Starting from an undoped atomically thin LaMnO3 film, we electrostatically dope the material with electrons or holes according to the polarity of a voltage applied across an ionic liquid gate. Magnetotransport characterization reveals that an increase of either electron-doping or hole-doping induced ferromagnetic order in this antiferromagnetic compound, and leads to an insulator-to-metal transition with colossal magnetoresistance showing electron-hole asymmetry. These findings are supported by density functional theory calculations, showing that strengthening of the inter-plane ferromagnetic exchange interaction is the origin of the ambipolar ferromagnetism. The result raises the prospect of exploiting ambipolar magnetic functionality in strongly correlated electron systems.

20.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(1): 193-199, 2018 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29483746

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of peri-anesthesia allergy in a tertiary teaching hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Patients who received anesthesia in operation rooms at Peking University First Hospital from January 2012 to April 2017 were enrolled. Researchers reviewed all the patients' electronic records and screened suspect allergy cases. Allergy was diagnosed according to the definition in Consensus on Management of Perioperative Allergy (China) and Scandinavian Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Diagnosis, Management and Follow-up of Anaphylaxis during Anesthesia. After obtaining the electronic records, two researchers began to screen and supplement missing data according medical records independently, then they checked out each other's data. The final data were reviewed by another two researchers. We collected the patients' basic characteristics, surgery type, anesthesia type, peri-anesthesia use of drugs, prognosis and other data. Univariate logistic regression was employed to screen potential factors of allergy. Factors with statistical significance (P<0.05) in univariate Logistic regression were entered into multivariate Logistic regression to identify independent risk factors of allergy. RESULTS: In the study, 106 074 patients entered final statistic analysis. The incidence of peri-anesthesia allergy was about 1.5/1 000 (156/106 074). The incidence of Grades I, II and III allergy was 64.1% (100/156), 30.1% (47/156), and 5.8% (9/156) respectively. Multivariate logistic regression showed 5 independent risk factors of allergy including history of allergy (OR=6.836, 95%CI: 4.461-10.474, P<0.001), intraoperative use of sufentanil (OR=1.993, 95%CI: 1.228-3.232, P=0.005), intraoperative use of cis-atracuronium (OR=2.495, 95%CI: 1.599-3.893, P<0.001), intraoperative infusion of antibiotics (OR=2.005, 95%CI: 1.375-2.924, P<0.001) and frozen fresh plasma (OR=3.055, 95%CI: 1.842-5.068, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The incidence of peri-anesthesia allergy is high and further attempt is needed to establish standard operation process of diagnosis and treatment of allergy.


Asunto(s)
Anafilaxia , Anestésicos , Hipersensibilidad a las Drogas , Anafilaxia/inducido químicamente , Anestesia , Anestésicos/efectos adversos , China , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...