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1.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 137: 105563, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375276

RESUMEN

Multi-component lithium disilicate (LD) glasses were ion-exchanged in a pure or mixed nitrate salt bath. The surface morphologies, mechanical properties, chemical stability and ion leaching of ion-exchanged LD glasses before and after storage in artificial saliva for 21 days were investigated. It can be found that chemical stability of ion-exchanged LD glass was temperature-dependent. The residual compressive stress induced by ion-exchange increased the chemical potential of alkali ions in glass, and the ion-exchanged LD glass, especially 235 °C/64 h group, chemical stability in artificial saliva for 21 days were deteriorated. Back-exchange treatment could relax the stress on the outermost layer of the ion-exchanged LD glass without deteriorating its strengthening effect, and back-exchanged LD glass presented good chemical and mechanical stability in artificial saliva. The results might help to enhance the service stability of ion-exchanged LD glass-ceramics in the oral condition.


Asunto(s)
Porcelana Dental , Vidrio , Saliva Artificial , Ensayo de Materiales , Vidrio/química
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423951

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Extracranial vessel wall MRI (EC-VWI) contributes to vasculopathy characterization. This survey study investigated EC-VWI adoption by American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR) members and indications and barriers to implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ASNR Vessel Wall Imaging Study Group survey on EC-VWI use, frequency, applications, MR imaging systems and field strength used, protocol development approaches, vendor engagement, reasons for not using EC-VWI, ordering provider interest, and impact on clinical care was distributed to the ASNR membership between April 2, 2019, to August 30, 2019. RESULTS: There were 532 responses; 79 were excluded due to minimal, incomplete response and 42 due to redundant institutional responses, leaving 411 responses. Twenty-six percent indicated that their institution performed EC-VWI, with 66.3% performing it ≤1-2 times per month, most frequently on 3T MR imaging, with most using combined 3D and 2D protocols. Protocols most commonly included pre- and postcontrast T1-weighted imaging, TOF-MRA, and contrast-enhanced MRA. Inflammatory vasculopathy (63.3%), plaque vulnerability assessments (61.1%), intraplaque hemorrhage (61.1%), and dissection-detection/characterization (51.1%) were the most frequent applications. For those not performing EC-VWI, the reasons were a lack of ordering provider interest (63.9%), lack of radiologist time/interest (47.5%) or technical support (41.4%) for protocol development, and limited interpretation experience (44.9%) and knowledge of clinical applications (43.7%). Reasons given by 46.9% were that no providers approached radiology with interest in EC-VWI. If barriers were overcome, 51.1% of those not performing EC-VWI indicated they would perform it, and 40.6% were unsure; 48.6% did not think that EC-VWI had impacted patient management at their institution. CONCLUSIONS: Only 26% of neuroradiology groups performed EC-VWI, most commonly due to limited clinician interest. Improved provider and radiologist education, protocols, processing techniques, technical support, and validation trials could increase adoption.

5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 50(11): 1069-1073, 2022 Nov 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418274

RESUMEN

Objective: For patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, superior vena cava isolation on the basis of pulmonary vein isolation may further improve the long-term success rate of radiofrequency ablation. We aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of superior vena cava isolation by high-power and short-duration (HPSD) ablation plus conventional radiofrequency ablation (RA) in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Methods: It was a prospective randomized controlled study. From January 1, 2019 to June 1, 2020, 180 patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in our center were consecutively screened. Patients were eligible if there was a trigger potential and the muscle sleeve length was greater than 3 cm. A total of 60 eligible patients were finally included and randomly divided into HPSD group (HPSD plus RA) and common power and duration (CPD) group (CPD plus RA) by random number table method (n=30 in each group). Efficacy was evaluated by ablation points, isolation time and ablation time. Safety was evaluated by the incidence of POP, cardiac tamponade, phrenic nerve injury, sinoatrial node injury and all-cause. Results: Superior vena cava isolation was achieved by 14 (13, 15) points in the HPSD group, which was significantly less than that in the CPD group (20(18, 22), P<0.001). The superior vena cava isolation time was 8 (7, 9) minutes in the HPSD group, which was significantly shorter than in the CPD group (17(14, 20) minutes, P<0.001). The average ablation time significantly shorter in HPSD group than in CPD group (78.0(71.1, 80.0) s vs. 200(167.5, 212.5)s, P<0.001). The average impedance drop was more significant in the HPSD group than in the CPD group (20.00(18.75, 21.00)Ω (and the percentage of impedance drop was 15%) vs. 12.00(11.75, 13.25)Ω (the percentage of impedance decrease was 12%), P<0.001). There was 1 POP (3.3%) in the HPSD group, and 3 POPs (10.0%) in the CPD group (P>0.05). There was no cardiac tamponade, phrenic nerve injury, sinoatrial node injury and death in both groups. Conclusions: HPSD technique for the isolation of superior vena cava is safe and effective in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation undergoing conventional radiofrequency ablation.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial , Ablación por Radiofrecuencia , Humanos , Fibrilación Atrial/cirugía , Vena Cava Superior/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(40): 3201-3206, 2022 Nov 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319174

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the long-term efficacy of low-dose rituximab (RTX) treatment in patients with primary membranous nephropathy (PMN). Methods: Patients with biopsy-proven PMN who received low-dose RTX as initial or second-line regimen from August 2018 to May 2020 in the Department of Nephrology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were respectively enrolled. The clinical parameters of patients were urinary protein>3.5 g/24 h, serum albumin<30 g/L and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)>20 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1. The treatment response of patients with PMN was observed during follow-up, and the remission rate of patients with urinary protein<8 g/24 h or ≥8 g/24 h, anti-PLA2R antibody<150 RU/ml or ≥150 RU/ml, eGFR≥ 60 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1 or<60 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1 were analyzed, respectively. Results: A total of 40 patients were enrolled, including 26 males and 14 females, aged (53±15) years. There were 14 patients received RTX as initial treatment and 26 patients as second-line therapy. The total median dose of RTX in the first course was 800 (425, 1 075) mg. The overall remission rate at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 12th and 24th months were 12.5% (5/40), 17.5% (7/40), 47.5% (19/40), 57.5% (23/40), 60% (24/40), respectively. The median overall response time was 6.0 (3.0, 7.5) months. Two cases relapsed. Patients with remission (n=24) had a higher level of baseline eGFR [(93.9±28.0) vs (62.4±28.1) ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1, P=0.001), and a lower level of both urinary protein [5.9 (5.0, 6.5) vs 11.7 (8.6, 15.5) g/24 h, P<0.001] and anti-PLA2R antibody level [73 (29, 132) vs 453 (182, 950) RU/ml, P=0.004] than those without remission (n=16) 24 month after treatment. There was no statistically significant difference in the remission rate between initial and second-line treatment (P=0.101). Moreover, patients had a higher remission rate in urinary protein<8 g/24 h group (21/26 vs 3/14, P<0.001), anti-PLA2R antibody<150 RU/ml group (16/19 vs 5/16, P=0.002) and eGFR ≥ 60 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1 group (22/29 vs 2/11, P=0.003). Conclusions: Low-dose RTX treatment in PMN is effective during long-term follow-up, and has a lower recurrence rate. The results also suggest that it is more suitable for patients with baseline urinary protein<8 g/24 h, anti-PLA2R antibody<150 RU/ml and eGFR≥ 60 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1.


Asunto(s)
Glomerulonefritis Membranosa , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoanticuerpos , Tasa de Filtración Glomerular , Glomerulonefritis Membranosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Glomerulonefritis Membranosa/metabolismo , Inmunosupresores/uso terapéutico , Receptores de Fosfolipasa A2 , Rituximab/uso terapéutico , Albúmina Sérica/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano
7.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 40(10): 742-746, 2022 Oct 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348554

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the implementation of Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Acute Neurotoxic Diseases Caused by Chemicals (GBZ 76-2002) for accumulating basis of standard revision. Methods: In February 2020, 85 experts in occupational diseases and neurology from 39 medical and health institutions were selected as the respondents. The modified Delphi method was used to establish the standard evaluation index system and special group was organized for discussing the pre-survey and completing the questionnaire survey. Questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the grasp of the standards, application and modification suggestions of respondents. Results: The respondents' mastery of standard-related knowledge mainly came from work experience (84.7%, 72/85) , standard learning (81.2%, 69/85) and training (75.3%, 64/85) . Among the institutions in which the respondents worked, 98.8% (84/85) could carry out CT examinations, 96.5% (82/85) could carry out nerve conduction velocity and electromyography examinations, 89.4% (76/85) could carry out EEG examinations, 80% (68/85) could carry out evoked potential examinations and 72.9% (62/85) could carry out MRI examinations. Among the toxicants diagnosed as occupational acute toxic myelopathy, 10.6% (9/85) were organic phosphorus and 9.4% (8/85) were asphyxiating gas; Among the toxicants diagnosed as delayed peripheral neuropathy, pesticides accounted for 25.9% (22/85) and asphyxiating gases accounted for 12.9% (11/85) . 85.9% (73/85) of the respondents believed that the basis for the classification of acute toxic encephalopathy needed to supplement objective evidence; 80.0% (68/85) of the respondents thought that the diagnosis and classification of peripheral neuropathy should be refined according to the abnormal indexes of neuroelectromyography. Conclusion: The applicability of the criteria needs to be improved because the current criteria has a long application cycle without enough objective investigation bases in classification criteria index.


Asunto(s)
Síndromes de Neurotoxicidad , Enfermedades Profesionales , Exposición Profesional , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Periférico , Humanos , Exposición Profesional/efectos adversos , Enfermedades Profesionales/inducido químicamente , Enfermedades Profesionales/diagnóstico , Sustancias Peligrosas , Síndromes de Neurotoxicidad/diagnóstico
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1591-1596, 2022 Nov 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372749

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the role of inflammatory biomarkers in the relationship between blood lead levels and blood pressure changes. Methods: A total of 9 910 people aged 18-79 years who participated in the China National Human Biomonitoring in 2017-2018 were included in this study. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect demographic characteristics, lifestyle and other information, and the data including height, weight and blood pressure were determined through physical examination. Blood and urinary samples were collected for the detection of blood lead and cadmium levels, urinary arsenic levels, white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Weighted linear regression models were used to evaluate the associations between blood lead, inflammatory biomarkers and blood pressure. Mediation analysis was performed to investigate the role of inflammation in the relationship between blood lead levels and blood pressure changes. Results: The median (Q1, Q3) age of all participants was 45.4 (33.8, 58.4)years, including 4 984 males accounting for 50.3%. Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that after adjusting for age, gender, residence area, BMI, education level, smoking and drinking status, family history of hypertension, consumption frequency of rice, vegetables, and red meat, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood cadmium and urinary arsenic levels, there was a positive association between blood lead levels, inflammatory biomarkers and blood pressure (P<0.05). Each 2.71 µg/L (log-transformed) increase of the lead was associated with a 2.05 (95%CI: 0.58, 3.53) mmHg elevation in systolic blood pressure (SBP), 2.24 (95%CI: 1.34, 3.14) mmHg elevation in diastolic blood pressure (DBP), 0.25 (95%CI: 0.05, 0.46) mg/L elevation in hs-CRP, 0.16 (95%CI: 0.03, 0.29)×109/L elevation in white blood cells, and 0.11 (95%CI: 0.02, 0.21)×109/L elevation in lymphocytes, respectively. Mediation analysis showed that the levels of hs-CRP significantly mediated the association of blood lead with SBP, with a proportion about 3.88% (95%CI: 0.45%, 7.32%). The analysis also found that the levels of hs-CRP and neutrophils significantly mediated the association of blood lead with SBP, with a proportion about 4.10% (95%CI: 1.11%, 7.10%) and 2.42% (95%CI: 0.07%, 4.76%), respectively. Conclusion: This study suggests that inflammatory biomarkers could significantly mediate the association of blood lead levels and blood pressure changes.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Hipertensión , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Proteína C-Reactiva/análisis , Plomo , Arsénico/análisis , Cadmio , Biomarcadores , Hipertensión/epidemiología , China/epidemiología
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1597-1603, 2022 Nov 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372750

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the association of lead exposure with stunting and underweight among children aged 3-5 years in China. Methods: Data was collected from China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) between January 2017 and December 2018. A total of 3 554 children aged 3-5 years were included. Demographic characteristic, lifestyle and nutritional status were collected through questionnaires. Height and weight were measured by standardized method. Stunting and underweight status were determined by calculating height for age Z-score and weight for age Z-score. Blood and urine samples were collected to detect the concentrations of blood lead, urinary lead and urinary creatinine. Children were stratified into 4 groups (Q1 to Q4) by quartiles of blood lead level and corrected urinary lead level, respectively. Complex sampling logistic regression models were applied to evaluate the association of the blood lead level, urinary lead level with stunting and underweight. Results: Among 3 554 children, the age was (4.09±1.06) years, of which 1 779 (80.64%) were female and 1 948 (55.84%) were urban residents. The prevalence of stunting and wasting was 7.34% and 2.96%, respectively. The M (Q1, Q3) for blood lead levels and urinary lead levels in children was 17.49 (12.80, 24.71) µg/L, 1.20 (0.61, 2.14) µg/g Cr, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, compared with the lowest blood lead concentration group Q1, the risk of stunting gradually increased in the Q3 and Q4 group (Ptrend=0.010), with OR (95%CI) values of 1.40 (0.80-2.46) and 1.80 (1.07-3.04), respectively. Compared with the lowest urinary lead concentration group Q1, the risk of stunting still increased in the Q3 and Q4 group (Ptrend=0.012), with OR (95%CI) values of 1.69 (1.01-2.84) and 1.79 (1.05-3.06), respectively. The correlation between the lead exposure and underweight was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: Lead exposure is positively associated with the risk of stunting among children aged 3-5 years in China.


Asunto(s)
Plomo , Delgadez , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Delgadez/epidemiología , Trastornos del Crecimiento/epidemiología , Estatura , Estado Nutricional , Prevalencia , China/epidemiología
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1778-1783, 2022 Nov 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444462

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the impact of pretreatment drug resistance (PDR) on virological effect among HIV-infected patients having received antiretroviral therapy (ART) after three years. Methods: The baseline survey of PDR among HIV-infected patients was conducted in 2018, with a three-year follow up study. The clinic data and virological laboratory test variables were statistically analyzed. Results: Of the 2 433 participants, 41.6% (1 012/2 433) were aged between 18 and 34, 82.8% (2 015/2 433) were males, 46.9% (1 142/2 433) had education of high school or above, 22.4% (544/2 433) were farmers, 33.8% (823/2 433) were unmarried, 48.1% (1 169/2 433) were infected heterosexually and 41.3% (1 004/2 433) were with CRF07_BC. The prevalence of PDR was 4.5% (109/2 433). The prevalence of virological suppression failure (viral load ≥50 copies/ml) and drug resistance at three years follow up after ART was 8.1%(196/2 433) and 2.5%(60/2 433) respectively. The prevalence of virological suppression failure and drug resistance at three years follow up after ART were 18.3% (20/109) and 7.6% (176/2 324), and 4.6% (5/109) and 2.4% (55/2 324) among participants with PDR and non-PDR, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression model showed that illiteracy (aOR=3.26, 95%CI: 1.82-5.86), primary and junior high school education (aOR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.09-2.18), CD4+T lymphocyte count <200/µl (aOR=2.77, 95%CI: 1.75-4.37) and CD4+T lymphocyte count 200-499/µl (aOR=1.55, 95%CI: 1.10-2.18) at a three year follow up visit after ART, missed drugs in the past month (aOR=4.24, 95%CI: 2.92-6.17), and PDR (aOR=2.84, 95%CI: 1.67-4.85) were statistically significant with virological suppression failure on treatment. Conclusions: The prevalence of PDR in China at a low level currently, and the virological suppression failure rate is low after three years of ART. It is necessary to strengthen drug resistance monitoring of HIV-infected patients and pay attention to the influence of PDR on treatment effect.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Carga Viral , Insuficiencia del Tratamiento , Resistencia a Medicamentos , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1821-1827, 2022 Nov 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444468

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the correlation between methylation in human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) long control region (LCR) and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade ≥2 (CIN2+). Methods: The literature retrieval was conducted by using the databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang data and Weipu according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the retrieval period was from the establishment of the databases to February 27th, 2022. Software RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.1 were used for Meta-analysis. Results: A total of 17 literatures were included involving 1 421 subjects. Results of Meta-analysis showed that OR of the correlation between methylation of HPV16 LCR and CIN2+ was 1.56 (95%CI: 0.70-3.47). Subgroup analysis showed that methylation of the 5' terminal, enhancer and promoter regions were not associated with CIN2+, while in four E2 binding sites (E2BS), the methylation of E2BS1, E2BS3 and E2BS4 increased the risk of CIN2+, with the ORs of 3.92 (95%CI: 1.92-7.99), 10.50 (95%CI: 3.67-30.04) and 3.65 (95%CI: 1.58-8.41), respectively. However, subgroup analysis on E2BS2 was not performed due to the limitation of the number of literatures. According to the different sources of population, the risk of CIN2+ in Chinese population was associated with methylation of HPV16 LCR (OR=2.14, 95%CI: 1.31-3.50). There was a correlation between the risk of CIN2+ and HPV16 LCR methylation in the population with pyrosequencing of HPV16 LCR, and OR was 1.75 (95%CI: 1.03-2.98). Conclusion: The risk of CIN2+ is correlated with the methylation of E2BS in HPV16 LCR, which can be used as potential biomarkers.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Femenino , Humanos , Metilación , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Asiáticos
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 1263-1271, 2022 Sep 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36207890

RESUMEN

Objective: Propionic acidemia is a rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by propionyl CoA carboxylase (PCC) deficiency. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics and gene variations of Chinese patients with propionic acidemia, and to explore the correlation between clinical phenotypes and genotypes. Methods: Single-center, retrospective and observational study. Seventy-eight patients of propionic acidemia (46 males and 32 females) from 20 provinces and autonomous regions were admitted from January 2007 to April 2022. Their age of initial diagnosis ranged from 7 days to 15 years. The clinical manifestations, biochemical and metabolic abnormalities, genetic variations, diagnosis, treatment and outcome were studied. Chi-Square test or Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Among 78 cases, 6 (7.7%) were identified by newborn screening; 72 (92.3%) were clinically diagnosed after onset, and the age of onset was 2 hours after birth to 15 years old; 32 cases had early-onset disease and 40 cases had late-onset disease. The initial manifestations included lethargy, hypotonia, vomiting, feeding difficulties, developmental delay, epilepsy, and coma. Among the 74 cases who accepted gene analysis, 35 (47.3%) had PCCA variants and 39 (52.7%) had PCCB variants. A total of 39 PCCA variants and 32 PCCB variants were detected, among which c.2002G>A and c.229C>T in PCCA and c.838dupC and c.1087T>C in PCCB were the most common variants in this cohort. The variants c.1228C>T and c.1283C>T in PCCB may be related to early-onset type. The variants c.838dupC, c.1127G>T and c.1316A>G in PCCB, and c.2002G>A in PCCA may be related to late-onset disease. Six patients detected by newborn screening and treated at asymptomatic stage developed normal. The clinically diagnosed 72 cases had varied complications. 10 (12.8%) cases of them died. 62 patients improved after metabolic therapy by L-carnitine and diet. Six patients received liver transplantation because of recurrent metabolic crisis. Their clinical symptoms were markedly improved. Conclusion: The clinical manifestations of propionic acidemia are complex and lack of specificity. Newborn screening and high-risk screening are keys for early treatment and better outcome. The correlation between the genotype and phenotype of propionic acidemia is unclear, but certain variants may be associated with early-onset or late-onset propionic acidemia.


Asunto(s)
Acidemia Propiónica , Carnitina , Femenino , Genotipo , Humanos , Masculino , Metilmalonil-CoA Descarboxilasa/genética , Metilmalonil-CoA Descarboxilasa/metabolismo , Mutación , Fenotipo , Acidemia Propiónica/genética , Estudios Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(9): 976-980, 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299192

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the ABC prognostic classification and the updated version of Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score 3.0 and Chinese Group on the Study of Severe Hepatitis B ACLF Ⅱ score (COSSH-ACLF Ⅱ score) to evaluate the prognostic value in acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: ABC classification was performed on a 1 409 follow-up cohorts. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to analyze MELD, MELD 3.0, COSSH-Ⅱ and COSSH-Ⅱ score after 3 days of hospitalization (COSSH-Ⅱ-3d). The prognostic predictive ability of patients were evaluated for 360 days, and the prediction differences of different classifications and different etiologies on the prognosis of ACLF were compared. Results: The survival curve of 1 409 cases with ACLF showed that the difference between class A, B, and C was statistically significant, Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) χ2=80.133, P<0.01. Compared with class A and C, χ2=76.198, P<0.01, the difference between class B and C, was not statistically significant χ2=3.717, P>0.05. AUROC [95% confidence interval (CI)] analyzed MELD, MELD 3.0, COSSH-Ⅱ and COSSH-Ⅱ-3d were 0.644, 0.655, 0.817 and 0.839, respectively (P<0.01). COSSH-Ⅱ had better prognostic predictive ability with class A ACLF and HBV-related ACLF (HBV-ACLF) for 360-days, and AUROC (95% CI) were 0.877 and 0.881, respectively (P<0.01), while MELD 3.0 prognostic predictive value was not better than MELD. Conclusion: ACLF prognosis is closely related to ABC classification. COSSH-Ⅱ score has a high predictive value for the prognostic evaluation of class A ACLF and HBV-ACLF. COSSH-Ⅱ score has a better prognostic evaluation value after 3 days of hospitalization, suggesting that attention should be paid to the treatment of ACLF in the early stage of admission.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Hepática Crónica Agudizada , Enfermedad Hepática en Estado Terminal , Humanos , Pronóstico , Enfermedad Hepática en Estado Terminal/complicaciones , Estudios Retrospectivos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
18.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 3977-3980, 2022 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086059

RESUMEN

Helical flow (HF) exists in healthy and diseased coronary bifurcations and was found to have a protective atherosclerotic vascular effect in other vessels. However, the role of HF in patient-specific human coronary arteries still needs further study, and is therefore the objective of this study in both healthy and diseased bifurcations. Computational studies were conducted on 16 patient-specific coronary bifurcations, including eight healthy and eight identical cases with idealized narrowing to represent disease. In general, higher HF intensity may have a favorable effect as it corelated to the reduction of the percentage vessel area exposed to adverse time averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS%) in both healthy and diseased models. The HF intensity and distribution of each model varies due to the complex shape of patient-specific models. The presence of disease appears to have an important impact on the downstream HF patterns and the TAWSS distributions. Clinical Relevance- By understanding the relationship between HF and hemodynamics, HF may be used as a predictor for the formation and progression of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary arteries instead of near-wall WSS measures, which can be determined with higher accuracy in vivo.


Asunto(s)
Modelos Cardiovasculares , Placa Aterosclerótica , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Corazón , Hemodinámica , Humanos
20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(9): 897-898, 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177599

RESUMEN

The 17th Chinese Symposium on Burn Medicine and the 2022 Congress of Burn Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotion Association for Medical and Healthcare, and the 12th Academic Conference on Burn and Plastic Surgery in Five Provinces and One City in Southwest China was successfully held in green city Nanning, from August 25th to 27th, 2022. The conference theme was "Burn treatment and wound repair", received nearly 200 submissions, nearly 1 100 online and offline registered delegates, and nearly 300 offline attendees. The meetings were held in one main venue and three branch venues, with combination of speaking offline and live and recorded broadcast, as well as whole process synchronous live broadcasting. During the meeting, key issues about burn treatment and wound repair were discussed, with warm academic atmosphere.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos , Cirugía Plástica , Quemaduras/cirugía , China , Atención a la Salud , Humanos
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