Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.317
Filtrar
1.
Clin Radiol ; 2021 May 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059294

RESUMEN

AIM: To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced dual-energy spectral computed tomography (CT) in differentiating borderline epithelial ovarian tumours (BEOTs) from malignant epithelial ovarian tumours (MEOTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent pelvic contrast-enhanced spectral CT were divided into two groups for analysis based on the tumour types confirmed at histopathological examination (26 BEOTs and 34 MEOTs). The regions of interest (ROIs) were selected on solid tumour components to measure attenuation values on monochromatic image sets (40-140 keV) in all imaging phases and tumour iodine concentrations (IC) on material decomposition images. Differences in the attenuation value between the unenhanced and contrast-enhanced phases (enhancement degree) and between energy strengths (slope k, k = [attenuation at 40 keV- attenuation at 140 keV]/100) were calculated. All measurements between the two groups were compared with independent t-test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to calculate the sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve (AUC). Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of using combined parameters in two-phase contrast-enhanced images. RESULTS: In the arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP), the BEOTs had significantly lower enhancement than MEOTs from 40 to 100 keV (p<0.05). The k values and IC values both showed significant differences in the AP and VP (p<0.05). Combining parameters in two contrast-enhanced phases provided 80.8% sensitivity and 82.4% specificity in differentiating MEOTs from BEOTs with an AUC of 0.844. CONCLUSION: Dual-energy spectral CT provides a multiparametric approach in differentiating BEOTs from MEOTs with the best diagnostic efficacy using combined parameters in the AP and VP images.

2.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074073

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of rapamycin target protein (mTOR) pathway and autophagy on bone formation and bone resorption in fluorosis osteoporosis in rats. Methods: In September 2018, a rat model of skeletal fluorosis was established by intragastric administration of fluorine. The experimental animals were divided into control group, 10 mgF(-)/kg group, 20 mgF(-)/kg group, 2 mg/kg rapamycin (RAPA) +10 mgF(-)/kg group and 2 mg/kg RAPA+20 mgF(-)/kg group, 20 per group. The experiment lasted for 3 months. The changes of bone tissue in rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Bone mineral density (BMD) and biomechanical indexes, such as Modulus of elasticity, Stiffness, Maximum stress and Maximum load, were measured by BMD and biomechanical biometer. Serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) , osteocalcin (BGP) , osteoprotectin (OPG) , type I procollagen amino-terminal peptide (PINP) , tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) and nuclear factor kappa B receptor activator ligand (RANKL) were determined by enzymatic linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) . Bone tissue phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR) , autophagy-related index selective autophagy adaptor protein p62, microtubule associated protein II (LC3-II) , ALP, osteoblastic transcription factor (Osterix) , and RNT Expression of related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and bone resorption indicator RANKL were detected by Western blotting. Results: Compared with the control group, dental fluorosis in the 10 mgF(-)/kg and 20 mgF(-)/kg groups was significantly increased, periosteum thickness and absorption lacunae appeared, and BGP, OPG, PINP, TRACP and RANKL in serum contents were increased (P<0.05) , BMD, Modulus of elasticity, Stiffness, Maximum stress and Maximum load of bone tissue decreased significantly (P<0.05) , and the expressions of p-mTOR and p62 were decreased (P<0.05) , also the expressions of ALP, Osterix, Runx2 and RANKL were increased (P<0.05) . Compared with 10 mgF(-)/kg and 20 mgF(-)/kg groups, there were no obvious dental fluorosis symptoms in 2 mg/kg RAPA+10 mgF(-)/kg group and 2 mg/kg RAPA+20 mgF(-)/kg group, and serum ALP, BGP and OPG levels were significantly increased (P<0.05) . TRACP and RANKL contents were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . BMD, Modulus of elasticity, Stiffness, Maximum stress and Maximum load were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The levels of p-mTOR, p62 and RANKL in bone tissues were decreased (P<0.05) , and the expressions of LC3-II, LC3-II/LC3-I, ALP, Osterix and Runx2 were increased (P<0.05) . Conclusion: RAPA may activate autophagy by inhibiting mTOR phosphorylation, and inhibit bone resorption while promoting bone formation, thus alleviating early osteoporosis in skeletal fluorosis rats.


Asunto(s)
Autofagia , Osteoporosis , Sirolimus , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR , Animales , Densidad Ósea , Flúor/efectos adversos , Osteoporosis/inducido químicamente , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 401-421, 2021 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102722

RESUMEN

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) are highly heterogeneous, and the management of pNENs patients can be intractable. To address this challenge, an expert committee was established on behalf of the Group of Pancreatic Surgery, Chinese Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association, which consisted of surgical oncologists, gastroenterologists, medical oncologists, endocrinologists, radiologists, pathologists, and nuclear medicine specialists. By reviewing the important issues regarding the diagnosis and treatment of pNENs, the committee concluded evidence-based statements and recommendations in this article, in order to further improve the management of pNENs patients in China.


Asunto(s)
Tumores Neuroendocrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , China , Humanos , Tumores Neuroendocrinos/cirugía , Tumores Neuroendocrinos/terapia , Pancreatectomía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirugía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 513-519, 2021 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102737

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a new Chinese-made surgical biopatch for atrial septum under the establishment of atrial septal defect animal model in miniature pigs. Methods: From June 2018 to April 2019, 26 pigs were divided into experimental group (15 pigs) and the control group (11 pigs). Animal models of atrial septal defect were established by traditional surgical methods. The to-be-evaluated and listed surgical biological patches (with a diameter of 10 mm) were implanted in the experimental group and the control group to repair the atrial septal defect. Cardiac ultrasound and blood examination of all animals were performed before and at 7, 30, 90, 180 days after operation, the results were analyzed with repetitive measurement and analysis of variance. At 90 days and 180 days after the operation, tissue samples were taken from animals after euthanasia. Pathological examination of heart and major organs were conducted. The independent sample t test and rank sum test were used to compare the data between the two groups, and the nonparametric was used to compare the patch calcification score between the two groups. Results: In total of 26 animals, 14 animals in the experimental group(6 at 90 days, 8 at 180 days) and 9 animals in the control group(4 at 90 days, 5 at 180 days) reached the end of the experiment. The other 3 animals (1 in the experimental group and 2 in the control group) died of arrhythmia, whole heart failure and right heart failure, the results of pathological examination showed that the causes of death were unrelated to the experimental materials. Cardiac ultrasound showed no patch leakage in all animals. There was no statistically significant difference in cardiac ultrasound and blood examination between the two groups at different time points after operation (all P>0.05). The pathological results showed that all the implants were intact and had good biocompatibility. There was no significant difference in the mean endothelialization rate between the experimental group and the control group at 90 and 180 days after operation ((80.8±29.1)% vs. (82.5±23.6)%, t=0.095, P=0.927; (78.8±36.4)% vs. (82.0±19.2)%, t=0.182, P=0.859) on 90 and 180 days, there was no significant difference in the patch calcification score between the two groups (1.00(1.25) vs. 2.00(0.75), Z=6.500, P=0.214; 0(0.75) vs. 1.00(2.00), Z=12.000, P=0.139). Conclusion: The new Chinese-made surgical biopatch for atrial septum has comparable safety and efficacy to that of the marketable patch in miniature pig atrial septal defect animal model.


Asunto(s)
Tabique Interatrial , Defectos del Tabique Interatrial , Animales , China , Ecocardiografía , Defectos del Tabique Interatrial/cirugía , Prótesis e Implantes , Porcinos
6.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086372

RESUMEN

MEK/ERK signalling has been identified as a key factor that terminates diapause in Sarcophaga crassipalpis and Bombyx mori. Paradoxically, high p-MEK/p-ERK signalling induces diapause in pupae of the moth Helicoverpa armigera; however, the regulatory mechanism is unknown. In the present study, we show that p-MEK and p-ERK are elevated in the brain of diapause-destined pupae and suppression of MEK/ERK activity terminates diapause progress. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) activate MEK/ERK signalling, causing large-scale phosphorylation of downstream proteins. The levels of ubiquitin-conjugated proteins are also significantly reduced when ROS or p-ERK level decreased. Moreover, terminated diapause progress by 20-hydroxyecdysone injection significantly decreases p-MEK, p-ERK and phospho-ribosomal S6 kinase levels, while phospho-MAPK substrates and ubiquitin-conjugated protein levels increase. Our data demonstrate that high MEK/ERK signalling mediated by ROS promotes diapause maintenance via increasing phosphorylation and degradation of downstream substrates. The results of this study may provide important information for understanding the regulatory mechanisms during insect diapause.

7.
Hong Kong Med J ; 2021 Jun 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127559

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to provide information about the clinical and physiochemical effects of pill splitting training in elderly cardiac patients in Hong Kong. METHODS: A parallel study design was adopted. Patients taking lisinopril, amlodipine, simvastatin, metformin, or perindopril who needed to split pills were recruited from the Prince of Wales Hospital. Patients were divided into two groups at their first visit. Patients in group A split drugs using their own technique, whereas patients in group B used pill cutters after relevant training until their next follow-up visit. The primary outcome was the change in drug content between before and after the pill splitting training. Assays were performed to determine the drug content. Secondary outcomes were the changes in clinical outcomes, patients' attitudes and acceptance towards pill splitting, and patients' knowledge about pill splitting. RESULTS: A total of 193 patients were recruited, and 101 returned for the follow-up visit. The percentage of split tablets falling within the assay limits increased from 39.13% to 47.82% (P=0.523) in group A and from 48.94% to 51.06% (P=1.000) in group B. The changes did not reach statistical significance. As for clinical outcomes, the mean triglyceride level decreased from 1.62±1.05 to 1.36±0.80 (P=0.049), whereas the mean heart rate increased significantly from 73.97±11.01 to 77.92±12.72 (P=0.026). Changes in other parameters were not significant. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the high variability of drug content after pill splitting. Pills with dosages that do not require splitting would be preferable, considering patients' preference. Patients should be educated to use pill cutters properly if pill splitting is unavoidable.

8.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 211-214, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142482

RESUMEN

Abstract: Objective To study the DNA methylation of nucleated cells in peripheral blood of patients died from anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin drugs and to provide a new research direction and basis for the forensic diagnosis of shock caused by drug hypersensitiveness. Methods Methylation microarray was used to detect DNA methylation of nucleated cells in peripheral blood of patients died from anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin drugs and normal subjects. Sequencing data and chip data were analyzed for differences in DNA methylation using R language methylkit, ChAMP package. Random forest algorithm was used to evaluate the importance of the DNA methylation differential sites. Results Differential sites of DNA methylation highly associated with anaphylaxis caused by cephalosporin drugs were obtained at loci such as ETS1, PRR23B and GNAS. Conclusion Cephalosporin allergy is associated with DNA methylation, and DNA methylation may be a new strategy for forensic identification of anaphylactic shock and death.


Asunto(s)
Anafilaxia , Anafilaxia/diagnóstico , Anafilaxia/genética , Metilación de ADN , Medicina Legal , Humanos
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(11): 3981-3989, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156675

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for 90% of head and neck cancers, and its 5-year overall survival is very poor. MiR-150 is usually downregulated and acts as tumor suppressor in multiple cancers. The aim of our study is to explore the functions of miR-150 in OSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expressions of miR-150 and HMGA2 mRNA in OSCC tissues and cells were analyzed by qRT-PCR. Methyl Thiazolyl Tetrazolium (MTT) and transwell assays were conducted to assess the cell viability and invasive abilities. Western blot was conducted to assess the protein levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers. Luciferase reporter assay was carried out to verify miR-150 directly binding to HMGA2 in SCC25 cells. RESULTS: MiR-150 was low expressed and HMGA2 was highly expressed in OSCC tissues and cells. Downregulation of miR-150 or upregulation of HMGA2 predicted poor prognosis of OSCC patients. MiR-150 overexpression inhibited the abilities of viability, invasive and the EMT by targeting HMGA2 in OSCC cells. HMGA2 was a target gene of miR-150 and its expression was regulated by altering the expression of miR-150 in OSCC cells. HMGA2 reversed partial roles of miR-150 on cell viability and invasion in OSCC. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-150 impaired cell viability, invasion and EMT via binding to HMGA2 of OSCC. Our research demonstrates that miR-150 plays a critical role in the progression of OSCC. miR-150 might be a candidate molecular marker and a novel therapy target for OSCC patients.

10.
Animal ; 15(7): 100254, 2021 Jun 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090092

RESUMEN

Although the skeletal muscle is one of the main sites of metabolism, little is known about the molecular mechanisms involving its response to nutrition stress. The aim of the study was to screen the transcriptome of sheep muscle to identify the metabolism-related genes under nutrition deprivation stress. Ten healthy adult female Small-tailed Han sheep with similar age and weight were randomly divided into a normal group and fasted group. After 3 days, three sheep were randomly selected from each group and the semitendinosus samples were subjected to RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and a series of analyses and function annotations. Compared with the normal group, 391 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the fasted group that had obvious weight loss, including 278 down-regulated and 113 up-regulated genes. Gene Ontology enrichment annotation classified 228 DEGs in the metabolic process, 11 of which were new genes and only Sheep_newGene_4578 had been annotated by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway. The results of Clusters of Orthologous Groups annotation indicated that 11, 9, and 4 DEGs were respectively classified in lipid transport and metabolism, amino acid transport and metabolism, and carbohydrate transport and metabolism. In addition, KEGG enrichment analysis showed that there were not only pathways which were directly related to metabolisms such as protein digestion and absorption pathway, fatty acid metabolism pathway, and biosynthesis pathway of unsaturated fatty acids, but also PI3K-AKT pathway, AMPK pathway, MAPK pathway, and FoxO pathway which were important to metabolism among the top 20 pathways with the lowest significant Q value. The MCODE analysis of protein-protein interaction revealed that two identified subnetworks with top score were closely associated with metabolism. The correlation analysis showed that the mRNA levels of most of DEGs that might be related in the two subnetworks were significantly correlated respectively, and the mRNA levels of most of 10 metabolism-related DEGs including Sheep_newGene_4578 were significantly correlated. Finally, 16 random and 10 metabolism-related DEGs were chosen for confirmation by quantitative real-time PCR, demonstrating the same expression change as determined by RNA-seq. In conclusion, multiple interrelated metabolism-related DEGs in skeletal muscle contributed to the response of sheep to nutritional deprivation stress.

11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(5): 633-639, 2021 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134948

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the recurrence of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) that has been relieved by standard-dose adalimumab (ADA) after dose reduction or withdrawal of tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi) and explore the factors that predict AS occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted among 63 patients with AS who reduced the dose of or discontinued TNFi after completing at least 12 treatment cycles with ADA (40 mg/2 weeks) to achieve ASAS20 improvement with a BATH disease activity index (BASDAI) < 4 for more than 8 weeks. The patients were followed up every 12 weeks for a total of 52 weeks, and the recurrence of AS, changes of BASDAI, C-reactive protein (CRP)-based disease activity score (ASDASCRP), low back pain (LBP) score, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI), CRP and ESR were recorded and analyzed. Cox regression model and ROC curve analyses were performed to analyze the risk factors of AS relapse after dose reduction or discontinuation of TNFi. OBJECTIVE: Of the 63 patients enrolled, 57 completed the follow-up study, among whom 22 (38.6%) patients experienced AS relapse within 52 weeks, with a median clinical recurrence time of 31 weeks. The recurrence rate of AS was significantly higher in patients with complete withdrawal of medications (89.0%) than in those with TNFi dose reduction and TNFi discontinuation (P < 0.001), and did not differ significantly between the latter two groups of patients (χ2= 0.071, P=0.791). The Cox regression model showed that a high baseline LBP score (HR=1.438, P=0.027) and a high BASMI score (HR=1.29, P=0.049) were the risk factors for AS recurrence after TNFi dose reduction or discontinuation, while maintenance of medication during follow-up was a protective factor (HR=0.209, P=0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that the combination of baseline LBP score, BASMI and medication during follow-up had a good predictive value for AS relapse (AUC=0.819) with a sensitivity of 0.772 and a specificity of 0.718. OBJECTIVE: Dose reduction or discontinuation of TNFi is associated with a high recurrence rate of AS that has been relieved by TNFi treatment. A high LBP score, a high BASMI score and discontinuation of maintenance medication are the risk factors for AS recurrence in patients after dose reduction or withdrawal of TNFi.


Asunto(s)
Antirreumáticos , Espondilitis Anquilosante , Antirreumáticos/uso terapéutico , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Recurrencia , Espondilitis Anquilosante/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(5): 671-678, 2021 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134953

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of betelnut polyphenols on the vital organs against high-altitude hypoxia in rats. OBJECTIVE: We compared low-, medium-, and high- dose betelnut polyphenols (400, 800, and 1600 mg/kg, respectively) and rhodiola the effects of against high-altitude hypoxia in Wistar rats. The rats were kept in normal condition and given the drugs daily for 3 days before transfer to a facility at the altitude of 4010 m, where the rats were kept for 5 consecutive days for hypoxic exposure. The rats were then euthanized for measuring arterial blood gas and assessing liver, lung, brain and cardiac pathologies with HE staining. SOD activity, MDA content and GSH content in the organs were measured, and serum levels of inflammatory factors were detected using a protein microarray. OBJECTIVE: Acute exposure to hypoxia significantly reduced blood oxygen saturation of the rats (P < 0.05), caused damages in the liver, lung, brain and myocardium, lowered SOD activity and GSH content and increased MDA content in the vital organs, and increased serum levels of TIMP-1, MCP-1, ICAM-1, and L-selectin (P < 0.05). Treatment with betelnut polyphenols significantly improved blood oxygen saturation, alleviated organ damages, decreased MDA content and increased SOD activity and GSH content in the tissues, and significantly lowered serum levels of inflammatory cytokines in rats with acute exposure to high-altitude hypoxia (P < 0.05). OBJECTIVE: Betelnut polyphenols provides protection of the vital organs against acute high-altitude hypoxia in rats by enhancing the antioxidant capacity and reducing inflammatory response.


Asunto(s)
Mal de Altura , Altitud , Mal de Altura/tratamiento farmacológico , Mal de Altura/prevención & control , Animales , Areca , Hipoxia , Polifenoles/farmacología , Polifenoles/uso terapéutico , Ratas , Ratas Wistar
13.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 433-439, 2021 Jun 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098692

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the efficacy of macular buckling in the treatment of highly myopic traction maculopathy. Methods: Retrospective case series study. The patients with high myopia who underwent macular buckling at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University from June 2014 to June 2019 were enrolled, including 136 males and 212 females. The age was (56.68±11.59) years old. The outcomes measured included retinal reattachment rate, foveoschisis recovery rate, macular hole closure rate, postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), axial length (AL), and complications. The measurements were recorded preoperatively and at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years postoperatively. The data was statistically analyzed using paired t test. Results: A total of 378 eyes were included, including 216 eyes with foveoschisis and macular detachment and 162 eyes with macular holes and macular detachment. Among them, 296 eyes underwent macular buckling, and the other 82 eyes underwent macular buckling combined with pars plana vitrectomy. During the follow-up period, 373 eyes (98.68%) achieved retinal reattachment; in patients with foveoschisis, 204 eyes (94.44%) were recovered; in patients with macular holes, 89 eyes (54.09%) achieved closure. All the postoperative results of BCVA were better than the preoperative value (1.459±0.841). BCVA continued to increase from postoperative month 1, remained stable at 1 year, and reached 0.908±0.606 at 3 years (t=6.896, P<0.01). All the postoperative results of AL were shorter than the preoperative value. The AL shortened by (4.423±1.740)mm at one month (t=33.144, P<0.01), increased gradually thereafter, remained stable at 1 year, and shortened by (2.101±1.643) mm at three years (t=6.392, P<0.01). The common complications included transient high intraocular pressure in 98 eyes (25.92%), epiretinal hemorrhage in 67 eyes (17.72%), and vitreous hemorrhage in 9 eyes (2.38%), which all resolved spontaneously within 1 month. In the early postoperative period, all patients had a certain degree of eye movement limitation, and 39 eyes (10.31%) had diplopia which resolved within 6 months without treatment. The strabismus surgery was arranged to treat esotropia in 6 eyes (1.58%). The macular buckle was removed from 1 eye (0.26%) because of the inability to tolerate diplopia. There were 8 eyes (2.11%) requiring a second operation to adjust the position of the buckle. The macular buckle was also removed from 4 eyes (1.05%) due to the implant rejection. Conclusion: Macular buckling can effectively shorten the AL, resolve posterior scleral staphyloma, and improve vision in the treatment of highly myopic traction maculopathy. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 433-439).


Asunto(s)
Degeneración Macular , Miopía Degenerativa , Desprendimiento de Retina , Perforaciones de la Retina , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Miopía Degenerativa/cirugía , Desprendimiento de Retina/cirugía , Perforaciones de la Retina/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Curvatura de la Esclerótica , Tracción , Agudeza Visual , Vitrectomía
15.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(5): 439-445, 2021 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107581

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the regulatory role and mechanism of tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRB3) on hepatocarcinoma (HCC) cells proliferation, apoptosis and migration. Methods: Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect TRB3 expression in cancerous and adjacent cancerous liver tissues of HCC patients. TRB3 expression was detected in vitro in HepG2 and Huh7 hepatocarcinoma cell lines. Simultaneously, CCK8 and EdU were used to detect cell proliferation after TRB3 targeted inhibition with small interfering RNA. CCK8 and EdU were used to detect cell proliferation. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect apoptosis. Transwell assay was used to evaluate migration ability. Simultaneously, Western blot was used to detect changes in apoptosis, migration-related proteins and AKT phosphorylation activity. The mean comparison between the two groups was performed by t-test, and the comparison between multiple groups was performed by one-way analysis of variance. Results: Western blot showed that the expression of TRB3 was significantly up-regulated in HCC tissues. Compared with normal liver tissues adjacent to cancer, the relative expression levels were 0.78 ± 0.12 and 0.29 ± 0.09, respectively, P < 0.01, and the difference was statistically significant. After interfering siRNA inhibited TRB3, CCK8 and EdU tests showed that the proliferation activity of HepG2 and Huh7 cells were significantly weakened (P < 0.05). Flow cytometry results showed that the apoptotic proportions of HepG2 and Huh7 cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01). Western blot also showed that the expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins BAX and BIM were significantly increased (P < 0.01). Transwell assay results showed that the migration ability of HepG2 and Huh7 cells was decreased (P < 0.05), and the expression of migration regulatory proteins MMP4 and MMP9 was also significantly down-regulated. Western blot results showed that the AKT phosphorylation level was significantly increased. Conclusion: TRB3 regulates hepatocarcinoma cells proliferation, apoptosis and migration by inhibiting the AKT phosphorylation activity. Therefore, TRB3 may be a potential target site for the liver cancer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Apoptosis , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Línea Celular , Línea Celular Tumoral , Movimiento Celular , Proliferación Celular , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética
16.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(5): 446-450, 2021 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107582

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the time point when patients with fatty liver disease had a significantly higher risk of elevated fasting blood glucose than those without in the physical examination group in Karamay Central Hospital, factors affecting the incidence of elevated blood glucose in patients with fatty liver disease, and the influence of the number of influencing factors on it. Methods: Physical examination data from Karamay Central Hospital during September 2008 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Combined with the survival analysis, the 1-,3-, 5-, and 7-year prevalence rates of elevated fasting glucose occurs in people with and without fatty liver disease were analyzed. Z-test was used to compare the survival rate difference at each time point. Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: 10 802 people were in the fatty liver group. The elevated fasting blood glucose incidence density was 61/1 000 person-years, and the 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-year prevalence rates were 2%, 16%, 28%, and 38%, respectively. 29 579 people were in the non-fatty liver group. The elevated fasting blood glucose incidence density was 23/1000 person-years, and the 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-year prevalence rates were 1%, 7%, 11%, and 16%, respectively. The short-term and long-term elevated fasting blood glucose incidence risk were significantly higher in fatty liver group than non-fatty liver group(P < 0.001). The elevated fasting blood glucose incidence risk was apparently higher in fatty liver group than that of non-fatty liver group from the first year onward (P < 0.001). Age≥50 year's old (HR = 1.954, 95% CI :1.792-2.132), elevated body mass index (HR = 1.397, 95% CI : 1.198-1.629), blood pressure (HR = 1.284, 95% CI : 1.181-1.397), triglycerides (HR = 1.171, 95% CI: 1.077-1.274) were independent risk factors, which promoted the elevated fasting blood glucose incidence risk in patients with fatty liver disease. Fatty liver combined with the above 2, 3, and 4 risk factors had apparently increased the incidence risk of elevated fasting blood glucose (P < 0.001). Conclusion: People with fatty liver disease had a higher risk of elevated fasting blood glucose from the first year than those without. Age≥50 year's old, elevated blood pressure, body mass index and triglyceride might increase risk of elevated fasting blood glucose in patients with fatty liver disease, combined with the above 2,3 or 4 risk factors can increase the risk of elevated fasting blood glucose.


Asunto(s)
Glucemia , Ayuno , Índice de Masa Corporal , Estudios de Cohortes , Humanos , Incidencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
17.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jun 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143366

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is an endocrine malignancy. Increasing evidence highlights microRNAs (miRNAs) as important participants in PTC. Here, we investigated the role of miR-181a in PTC. METHODS: A microarray-based analysis was performed to identify the differential expression of miR-181a in PTC, which was validated with RT-qPCR. Protein expression of the proliferation-related factor Ki-67 and apoptosis- and migration-related factors in PTC was assessed with immunoblot analysis. A dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was adopted to verify the relationship between miR-181a and lysine demethylase 5C (KDM5C). Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was used to detect the level of the H3K4me3 modification on S100 calcium-binding protein A2 (S100A2). Cell viability, apoptosis, and invasion and migration abilities were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, and transwell assays, respectively. The in vitro results were verified in in vivo nude mouse models. RESULTS: miR-181a was highly expressed in PTC tissues and cell lines. Silencing miR-181a repressed the proliferation and migration of PTC cells. KDM5C was identified as the target gene of miR-181a and represses S100A2 expression through histone demethylation to diminish the migration and proliferation of PTC cells. miR-181a depletion suppressed tumor growth. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these results suggest that highly expressed miR-181a promotes the proliferation of PTC cells by increasing the expression of the oncogene S100A2. This study contributes to the advancement of miR-181a-targeted therapeutics.

19.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074074

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) on urine metabolites in occupationally exposure people based on metabolomics technology, and to explore the mechanism of early health effects of TiO(2) NPs on occupational exposure. Methods: In October 2019, the TiO(2) NPs occupational exposure population was selected as the research object, of which 64 people were in the exposure group who had been engaged in TiO(2) NPs exposure positions for more than 1 year; the control group was 62 people, who were logistics administrative staff of the same company. The urine of the research subjects before class was collected, using the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometer to collect the metabolism data of the urine, Progenesis QI software for data preprocessing and metabolite identification, SIMCA-P software for the principal component analysis of the data and potential biomarkers screening, MetaboAnalyst 4.0 software for metabolic pathway enrichment analysis. Results: The urine metabolism profile of workers in the exposure group was different from the control group, and 44 potential biomarkers were screened and identified. These potential biomarkers were significantly enriched in three pathways (P<0.05) , namely D-arginine and D-ornithine metabolism pathway, nitrogen metabolism pathway and D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism pathways. Conclusion: The occupational exposure of TiO(2) NPs can affect the concentration of metabolites in people urine and metabolic pathways, which provides a direction for the study of occupational hazard mechanisms of TiO(2) NPs and the monitoring of health risks.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Exposición Profesional , Humanos , Metabolómica , Titanio
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...