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1.
Org Lett ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792341

RESUMEN

A base-promoted unprecedented strategy for the regioselective and chemoselective divergent synthesis of highly functionalized aposafranones and their N-oxides has been developed from the [3 + 3] annulation of enaminones with o-fluoronitrobenzenenes. This novel synthetic strategy offers an alternative method for the construction of aposafranones and their N-oxides are meaningful in the fields of both biology and organic synthesis. The established protocol explores the annulation scope of enaminones, and it expands the application of nitro-based cyclization.

2.
J Viral Hepat ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797145

RESUMEN

A substantial proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who do not fit into any of the usual immune states are considered to be in the "gray zones ". We aimed to investigate the distribution and characteristics of this gray zone in a large cohort of CHB patients. Four thousand seven hundred and fifty-nine consecutive treatment-naïve CHB patients were enrolled. The immune states were defined based on AASLD 2018 Hepatitis B Guidance. Gray zone CHB patients were classified into 4 groups: HBeAg positive, normal ALT levels, and serum HBV DNA ≤ 106 IU/mL (GZ-A); HBeAg positive, elevated ALT levels and serum HBV DNA ≤ 2×104 IU/mL (GZ-B); HBeAg negative, normal ALT levels and serum HBV DNA ≥ 2×103 IU/mL (GZ-C); HBeAg negative, elevated ALT levels and serum HBV DNA ≤ 2×103 IU/mL (GZ-D). The distributions of different immune states were: 233 (4.90%) patients in immune-tolerant phase, 941 (19.77%) patients in HBeAg-positive immune active phase, 1,717 (36.08%) patients in inactive phase and 546 (11.47%) patients in HBeAg-negative immune active phase. Of note, 1,322 (27.78%) patients did not fit into any of above phases and were defined as the gray zone. A high proportion of patients in GZ-B had advanced fibrosis (33.3%) or cirrhosis (25.8%). Older age, HBeAg positive status and higher ALT levels were independently risk factors of advanced disease in gray zone CHB patients. Therefore, our results revealed that more than a quarter of CHB patients were classified into the gray zone and a high proportion of patients in GZ-B had advanced fibrosis or even cirrhosis.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797226

RESUMEN

Developing high-performance and cost-efficient catalysts toward oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is an important but daunting task due to the sluggish kinetics hindered by the four-electron transfer process. Herein, an advanced class of ultralow Ru-doped NiCo-MOF hollow porous nanospheres (denoted as Ru@NiCo-MOF HPNs) has been reported in this work. Benefiting from the high porosity and large surface area of the metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and optimized electronic properties by Ru doping, the as-prepared Ru@NiCo-MOF HPNs exhibit superior performance for water oxidation with the overpotential of only 284 mV to reach a current density of 10 mA·cm-2 in alkaline electrolyte, as well as a small Tafel slope of 78.8 mV·dec-1, outperforming the NiCo-MOF HPNs (358 mV) and commercial RuO2 catalyst (326 mV). The incorporation of Ru in NiCo-MOF HPNs enables a stable OER activity for at least 39 h. Moreover, we have probed the interaction between the content of Ru and OER performance, impressively, Ru@NiCo-MOF HPNs with 13.5 atom % Ru doping (denoted as Ru@NiCo-MOF-4) exhibited the highest OER activity with the excellent mass activity of 310 mA·mg-1 at an overpotential of 284 mV. Besides, a two-electrode cell with Ru@NiCo-MOF-4 as the anode and commercial Pt/C catalyst as the cathode also demonstrated outstanding electrocatalytic overall water splitting performance with a cell potential of merely 1.57 V to deliver a current density of 10 mA·cm-2.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(5)2021 Mar 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801410

RESUMEN

Monitoring of CO2 column concentrations is valuable for atmospheric research. A mobile open-path system was developed based on tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) to measure atmospheric CO2 column concentrations. A laser beam was emitted downward from a distributed feedback diode laser at 2 µm and then reflected by the retroreflector array on the ground. We measured the CO2 column concentrations over the 20 and 110 m long vertical path. Several single-point sensors were distributed at different heights to provide comparative measurements for the open-path TDLAS system. The results showed that the minimum detection limit of system was 0.52 ppm. Some similarities were observed in trends from the open-path TDLAS system and these sensors, but the average of these sensors was more consistent with the open-path TDLAS system values than the single-point measurement. These field measurements demonstrate the feasibility of open-path TDLAS for measuring the CO2 column concentration and monitoring carbon emission over large areas.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806708

RESUMEN

Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are widely distributed among various types of organisms and function in preventing the irreversible aggregation of thermal denaturing proteins. Here, we report that Hsp17.6 from Methanolobus psychrophilus exhibited protection of proteins from oxidation inactivation. The overexpression of Hsp17.6 in Escherichia coli markedly increased the stationary phase cell density and survivability in HClO and H2O2. Treatments with 0.2 mM HClO or 10 mM H2O2 reduced malate dehydrogenase (MDH) activity to 57% and 77%, whereas the addition of Hsp17.6 recovered the activity to 70-90% and 86-100%, respectively. A similar effect for superoxide dismutase oxidation was determined for Hsp17.6. Non-reducing sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis assays determined that the Hsp17.6 addition decreased H2O2-caused disulfide-linking protein contents and HClO-induced degradation of MDH; meanwhile, Hsp17.6 protein appeared to be oxidized with increased molecular weights. Mass spectrometry identified oxygen atoms introduced into the larger Hsp17.6 molecules, mainly at the aspartate and methionine residues. Substitution of some aspartate residues reduced Hsp17.6 in alleviating H2O2- and HClO-caused MDH inactivation and in enhancing the E. coli survivability in H2O2 and HClO, suggesting that the archaeal Hsp17.6 oxidation protection might depend on an "oxidant sink" effect, i.e., to consume the oxidants in environments via aspartate oxidation.

6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807674

RESUMEN

Recent changes in population-based prevalence for circulatory system diseases (CSDs) remain unreported either nationally or locally for China. Data were from the two-round health service household interview survey of Hunan Province, China, in 2013 and 2018. A Rao-Scott chi-square test was performed to examine prevalence differences across socio-demographic variables. The overall age-standardized prevalence of CSDs increased substantially between 2013 and 2018 for inhabitants aged 20 years and older (14.25% vs. 21.25%; adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.24-2.04). Hypertensive disease was the most prevalent type of CSD, accounting for 87.24% and 83.83% of all CSDs in 2013 and in 2018, respectively. After controlling for other socio-demographic factors, the prevalence of CSDs was significantly higher in 2018 (adjusted OR = 1.40), urban residents (adjusted OR = 1.43), females (adjusted OR = 1.12) and older age groups (adjusted OR = 5.36 for 50-59 years, 9.51 for 60-69 years, 15.19 for 70-79 years, and 12.90 for 80 years and older) than in 2013, rural residents, males and the youngest age group (20-49 years). The recent increase in the overall age-standardized CSD prevalence and the large prevalence disparities across urban/rural residents, sex and age groups merit the attention of policymakers and researchers. Further prevention efforts are needed to curb the increasing tendency and to reduce the prevalence of disparities across socio-demographic groups.

7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6628957, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824696

RESUMEN

Background: Doxorubicin (DOX) is a commonly used chemotherapeutic drug but is limited in clinical applications by its cardiotoxicity. Neiguan acupoint (PC6) is a well-recognized acupoint for the treatment of cardiothoracic disease. However, whether acupuncture at PC6 could be effective in preventing DOX-induced cardiotoxicity is still unknown. Methods: A set of experiments were performed with myocardial cells, wild type, inducible nitric oxide synthase knockout (iNOS-/-), and myocardial-specific ablation arginase 2 (Myh6-ARG 2-/-) mice. We investigated the protective effect and the underlying mechanisms for electroacupuncture (EA) against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by echocardiography, immunostaining, biochemical analysis, and molecular biotechnology in vivo and in vitro analysis. Results: We found that DOX-mediated nitric oxide (NO) production was positively correlated with the iNOS level but has a negative correlation with the arginase 2 (ARG 2) level in both myocardial cells and tissues. Meanwhile, EA at PC6 alleviated cardiac dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy in DOX-treated mice. EA at PC6 blocked the upregulation of NO production in accompanied with the downregulated iNOS and upregulated ARG 2 levels in myocardial tissue induced by DOX. Furthermore, knockout iNOS prevented cardiotoxicity and EA treatment did not cause the further improvement of cardiac function in iNOS-/- mice treated by DOX. In contrast, deficiency of myocardial ARG 2 aggravated DOX-induced cardiotoxicity and reduced EA protective effect. Conclusion: These results suggest that EA treatment at PC6 can prevent DOX-induced cardiotoxicity through modulating NO production by modulating the iNOS/ARG 2 balance in myocardial cells.

8.
ACS Sens ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827212

RESUMEN

In this work, a series of molecules TPE-PA-n (n = 3-11) were designed with classic aggregation-induced emission (AIE) 1,1,2,2-tetraphenylethene (TPE) for self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), which are applied for the detection of trace nitroaromatic compound (NAC) explosives. Phosphoric acid that acts as an anchor is used to connect with TPE through alkyl chains of various lengths. It is found that the alkyl chains play a role in pulling TPE luminogens to aggregate for light emission, which can affect the fluorescence and sensing performance of the SAMs. Ulteriorly, a model is built to explore the influence of the alkyl chain length on the device performance, which is determined by the three effects of the alkyl chain: flexibility, the coupling effect, and the odd-even effect. By comparison, the functional molecules with the chain length of 8 were finally selected and further applied for NAC sensors. By means of fluorescence spectra, the SAM sensor was proved to have good stability, reversibility, selectivity, and sensitivity, and its detection limits for trinitrotoluene, dinitrotoluene, and nitrobenzene were 1.2, 6.0, and 35.7 ppm, respectively. This work provides new ideas for the design and preparation of flexible sensors for trace NAC detection with high performance, low cost, and easy operation.

9.
Clin Chim Acta ; 518: 123-127, 2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794141

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Distribution of serum thrombospondin-2 in general population and cancer patients in China have not been reported. METHODS: This study evaluated the expression level of serum thrombospondin-2 in general population and various cancer patients, the 95% confidence interval was used for the derivation of reference range. The comparison of the expression levels in controls for age and gender was performed. The associations between candidate biomarkers (thrombospondin-2 [THBS2]) expression and tumor metastasis status were also explored. RESULTS: 125 healthy controls and 193 various cancer patients were enrolled. The mean ± SD in serum THBS2 levels in general population was 42.37 ± 12.24 ng/ml, there was no significant sex and age difference, the reference range is 18.37-66.36 ng/ml. Most cancer patients present a decreased serum THBS2 level except hepatoma and lymphoma which most patients showed a relatively high level of THBS2. There was no statistical difference of serum THBS2 level between metastasis and non-metastasis group in breast, lung, cervical, colorectal cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and hepatoma (P > 0.05) while a significant negative correlation was observed in ovarian cancer (P = 0.0209). CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of serum THBS2 displayed an obvious heterogeneity among various cancers comparing to health controls, ovarian cancer patients detected with low THBS2 expression may be more prone to develop metastasis in China.

10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 283-7, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798311

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of cupping treatment combined with antibiotics and antibiotics alone for bacterial pneumonia in children. METHODS: A total of 72 children with bacterial pneumonia were randomly divided into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases). The children in the control group were treated with intravenous drip of cefodizine sodium [80 mg/(kg•d)] for 7 days. Based on the treatment of the control group, the children in the observation group were treated with cupping treatment on the bladder meridian of the back on the first day and the fourth day of antibiotic treatment; each cupping treatment was given for 5-10 min; the treatment of observation group was given for 7 days. The days for complete fever reduction, TCM syndrome scores and Canadian acute respiratory illness flu scale (CARIFS) scores before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: The days for complete fever reduction in the observation group were shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores and CARIFS scores in the two groups were reduced (P<0.05), and the cough score, expectoration score, lung auscultation score of TCM syndrome and cough score, runny nose score and sore throat score of CARIFS in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The cured rate in the observation group was 97.1% (34/35), which had no significant difference with 91.7% (33/36) in the control group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Cupping treatment combined with antibiotics has similar efficacy with antibiotics alone for bacterial pneumonia in children, but shows better effect in shortening the duration of fever and improving pulmonary symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Terapia con Ventosas , Neumonía Bacteriana , Antibacterianos , Canadá , Niño , Tos , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Respir Care ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824172

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Therapy with high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has been broadly utilized. However, no consensus has been achieved on practical implementation of HFNC and how to provide aerosol delivery during HFNC therapy in adult subjects. METHODS: An online anonymous questionnaire survey, endorsed by four academic societiesfrom America, Europe, mainland China and Taiwan, was administered from May to December, 2019.Clinicians who had worked in adult intensive care unit for more than one year and had used HFNC to treat subjects within 30 days were included. RESULTS: 2,279 participants clicked on the survey link, 1358 respondents completed the HFNC section, while 1014 completed the whole survey. Post-extubation hypoxemia and moderate hypoxemia were major indications for HFNC. Initial flow was set mainly at 40-50 L/min. Aerosol delivery via HFNC was utilized by 24% (248/1014) of participants, 30% (74/248) of whom reported reducing flow during aerosol delivery. For subjects who required aerosol treatment during HFNC therapy, 40% (403/1014) of participants reported placing a nebulizer with a mask or mouthpiece while pursuing HFNC (a method shown to reduce inhaled dose) while 33% (331/1014) discontinued HFNC to use conventional aerosol devices. Vibrating mesh nebulizer (VMN) was the most commonly used nebulizer (40%) and was mainly placed at the inlet of the humidifier. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical utilization of HFNC was variable, as were indications, flow settings, and criteria for adjustment. Many practices associated with concomitant aerosol therapy were not consistent with available evidence for optimal use. More efforts are warranted to close the knowledge gap.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825449

RESUMEN

Conductive polymers are considered promising electrode materials for organic transistors, but the reported devices with conductive polymer electrodes generally suffer from considerable contact resistance. Currently, it is still highly challenging to pattern conductive polymer electrodes on organic semiconductor surfaces with good structure and interface quality. Herein, we develop an in situ polymerization strategy to directly pattern the top-contacted polypyrrole (PPy) electrodes on hydrophobic surfaces of organic semiconductors by microchannel templates, which is also applicable on diverse hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces. Remarkably, a width-normalized contact resistance as low as 1.01 kΩ·cm is achieved in the PPy-contacted transistors. Both p-type and n-type organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) exhibit ideal electrical characteristics, including almost hysteresis-free, low threshold voltage, and good stability under long-term test. The facile patterning method and high device performance indicate that the in situ polymerization strategy in confined microchannels has application prospects in all-organic, transparent, and flexible electronics.

13.
J Biotechnol ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812897

RESUMEN

Glucaric acid has been successfully produced in Escherichia coli and fungus. Here, we first analyzed the effects of different metal ions on glucaric acid production in the engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae Bga-3 strain harboring the glucaric acid synthesis pathway. We found that magnesium ions could promote the growth rate of yeast cells, and thus, increase the glucaric acid production by elevating the glucose and myo-inositol utilization of Bga-3 strain. RNA-Seq transcriptome analysis results showed that the upregulation of genes involved in the gluconeogenesis pathway, as well as the downregulation of genes associated with the glycolysis pathway and pentose phosphate pathway in response to MgCl2 were all benefit for the enhancement of the glucose-6-phosphate flux, which was the precursor for myo-inositol and glucaric acid. In addition, we found that MgCl2 could also increase the activity of MIOX4, which was also crucial for glucaric acid synthesis. At last, a final glucaric acid titer of 10.6 g/L, the highest reported titer, was achieved in the fed-batch fermentation using a 5-L bioreactor by adding 100 mM MgCl2. Our findings will provide a new way of promoting the production of other chemicals in the engineered yeast cells.

14.
Environ Pollut ; 280: 116955, 2021 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813351

RESUMEN

The use of coal in Chinese households for winter heating emits harmful pollutants that severely affect indoor air quality and climate. Therefore, China has made efforts to transition into clean heating using improved heating stoves and biomass pellets. Although the economic and policy implications of such demonstration projects have been extensively investigated, little has been done to understand the real-world performance and adoption trends of such stoves. This study measured in-use emissions from nine different pellet stoves used for heating among 52 rural households in Yangxin, Shandong Province. The temperature of the stove chimney of 21 households was monitored and 56 households were surveyed to explore the stove use trend. The particulate and gaseous emission concentrations for most of the stoves exceeded the limits specified in the Chinese national standard. The measured fuel energy-based emission factors (mean ± standard deviation) for CO2, CO, NOx, and PM2.5 were 103 ± 3, 1.41 ± 1.19, 0.336 ± 0.237, and 0.146 ± 0.108 g/MJ, respectively. Between January to February, the average daily heating duration was 8.71 h, and the sustained use of heating stoves was seen among over 85% of the households. On average, the households used their heating stoves for 3.28 months and the estimated annual pellets consumption for a household was 2.7 tons. Besides inherent variabilities associated with user habits, the stove's design-related shortcomings and low-grade pellets hindered the performance and effectiveness of pellet stoves. This study provides insights into opportunities and challenges for the promotion of cleaner fuels and heating technologies. Furthermore, it will provide information on emissions from rural residential sources to build the emission inventory and inform policymaking for successful stove promotion programs.

15.
Langmuir ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813823

RESUMEN

Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the main inorganic component of human bones and teeth. It has good biocompatibility and bioactivity, which promotes its good application prospects in the field of bone drug carriers. In this study, tetraethylenepentamine-graphene (rGO-TEPA)/CaCO3:HA composite microspheres were prepared via microwave hydrothermal synthesis using rGO-TEPA/CaCO3 solid microspheres as intermediates. Furthermore, the incompletely transformed CaCO3 was removed by soaking in a citric acid buffer to obtain rGO-TEPA/HA hollow composite microspheres. The two types of as-prepared composite microspheres exhibited sea urchin-like structures, large BET surface areas, and good dispersibility. Mouse preosteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) were used for in vitro cytotoxicity experiments. The in vitro cell viability test showed that the two composite drug carriers exhibited noncytotoxicity. Moreover, the doxorubicin (DOX) loading and releasing investigations revealed that the two types of prepared carriers had mild storage-release behaviors and good pH responsiveness. Hence, these rGO-TEPA/HA hollow microspheres have promising applications as bone drug carriers.

16.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 71, 2021 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789699

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is a risk factor for suicide. We aimed to assess the prevalence of suicide attempts among young women with adolescent pregnancy in Bangladesh and to explore its associated factors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed young women with adolescent pregnancy in urban and rural areas in Bangladesh to assess suicide attempts, socio-demographic and pregnancy-related characteristics, perceived health status, and perceived social support. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between potentially related factors and suicide attempts. RESULTS: Of the participants, 6.5% (61/940) reported suicide attempts in the past 12 months, and the majority (88.5%) of the attempts happened within one year after the pregnancy. Participants with more years after first pregnancy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.47, 95% CI: 0.37-0.61) and more perceived social support from friends (OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.55-0.86) were less likely to have suicide attempts, and those perceived bad health status compared with good/fair health status (OR = 8.38, 95% CI: 3.08-22.76) were more likely to attempt suicide. CONCLUSIONS: Women with adolescent pregnancy were at high risk of suicide attempts, especially those during the first postnatal year. The risk of suicide attempts attenuated with the time after pregnancy, and perceived social support from friends was a protective factor and perceived bad health status was a risk factor for suicide attempts among young women who have experienced adolescent pregnancy.

17.
Chemistry ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811386

RESUMEN

DNA-encoded combinatorial chemical library (DEL) technology, an approach that combines the power of genetics and chemistry, has emerged as an invaluable tool in drug discovery. Skeletal diversity plays a fundamental importance in DEL applications, and relies heavily on novel DNA-compatible chemical reactions. We report herein a phylogenic chemical transformation strategy using DNA-conjugated benzoyl hydrazine as a common versatile precursor in azole chemical expansion of DELs. DNA-compatible reactions deriving from the common benzoyl hydrazine precursor showed excellent functional group tolerance with exceptional efficiency in the synthesis of various azoles, including oxadiazoles, thiadiazoles, and triazoles, under mild reaction conditions. The phylogenic chemical transformation strategy provides DELs a facile way to expand into various unique chemical spaces with privileged scaffolds and pharmacophores.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7485, 2021 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820934

RESUMEN

A field experiment employing the rice cultivars Qyou6 and Yixiangyou2115 as materials and different nitrogen application rates was conducted in Huangping County, Guizhou Province in 2019 to determine the effects of nitrogen application rate on photosynthetic pigments, leaf fluorescence characteristics, yield, and their interrelations in indica hybrid rice. The results showed that photosynthetic pigment contents generally increased with increasing nitrogen application rate. As the nitrogen rate increased, the maximal quantum yield of PSII (Fv/Fm), actual quantum yield of PSII (ΦPSII), and relative electron transfer rate at PSII (ETR) first decreased and then increased at the booting stage; Fv/Fm and ΦPSII decreased while ETR first increased and then decreased at the heading stage; nevertheless, Fv/Fm and ΦPSII first decreased and then increased but ETR was just the opposite at the maturity stage. Non-photochemical quenching coefficient (qN) and quantum yield of regulatory energy dissipation at PSII (Y(NPQ)) first increased and then decreased whereas quantum yield of non-regulatory energy dissipation at PSII (Y(NO)) first decreased and then increased at the booting, heading, and maturity stages with increasing nitrogen application rate. Photochemical quenching coefficient (qP) showed an increasing trend as the nitrogen rate increased in the range of 150-300 kg/ha at the heading and maturity stages. Photosynthetic pigments, leaf fluorescence characteristics, and yield and its components were significantly correlated. First, chlorophylls a and b were significantly negatively correlated with Fv/Fm while significantly positively correlated with qP at the heading stage. Secondly, Carotenoids were significantly positively correlated with the effective panicle number (EPN) at the booting stage while significantly negatively correlated with the spikelets per panicle (SPP) at the heading stage. Chlorophyll a and carotenoids were significantly positively correlated with EPN but significantly negatively correlated with spikelet filling (SF) at the maturity stage. In addition, qP was significantly negatively correlated with EPN at the booting stage. At the heading stage, Fv/Fm and Y(NO) were significantly negatively correlated with EPN and SPP, respectively, and Fv/Fm and ΦPSII were significantly positively related to SF. Moreover, qP was extremely significantly positively related to EPN whereas Fv/Fm was extremely significantly negatively correlated with grain yield at the maturity stage. Appropriate nitrogen application rates can enhance photosynthetic pigment contents, improve the photochemical efficiency and proportion of the open part of the reaction center of PSII, and promote the quantum efficiency and self-protection ability of PSII, thereby increasing photosynthetic efficiency and yield. Under the conditions adopted in this experiment, a parabolic relationship was observed between the nitrogen application rate and grain yield. The regression analysis results showed that the best nitrogen application rate of indica hybrid rice is 168.16 kg ha-1 and the highest yield is 11,804.87 kg ha-1.

19.
Life Sci ; : 119462, 2021 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831427

RESUMEN

AIMS: Mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is essential in the progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD). But the role of Ras homolog enriched in brain (RHEB), a key activator of mTORC1, is unclear in this disease. This work aims to clarify the function of RHEB in PAAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pan-cancer analysis of RHEB was conducted by using data from several public available databases. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining on a tissue microarray was used to validate the expression of RHEB in PAAD. In vitro experiments were conducted to explore the function of RHEB in the disease. An integrated bioinformatics tools were used to understand the mechanism of RHEB and construct a RHEB-related prognostic signature. KEY FINDINGS: RHEB was significantly overexpressed in PAAD and high expression of the gene was associated with poor prognosis. RHEB promoted proliferation, migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) showed that RHEB participated in cell cycle progression and WNT signaling pathway. A RHEB-related prognostic signature was developed, and PAAD patients with high risk score had a significantly shorter overall survival. SIGNIFICANCE: RHEB was up-regulated in PAAD and might be a useful therapeutic target.

20.
Psychiatry Res ; 300: 113899, 2021 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812218

RESUMEN

Previous studies have shown that berberine can improve metabolic disturbances in non-psychiatric patients, but no clinical research has been conducted in schizophrenia. This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eligible patients diagnosed with schizophrenia were randomized to receive placebo or berberine (900mg/day) as an adjunctive treatment for eight weeks. Peripheral glycolipid metabolism parameters were measured at baseline, week 4, and week 8. Sixty-five patients were included, and forty-nine patients completed the 8-week trial. Berberine led to significant declines in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting serum insulin, and insulin resistance(all p<0.05) compared with placebo. Baseline body mass index and serum prolactin concentration could predict the effect of berberine on insulin resistance. Berberine adjunctive treatment may reduce the risk of glycolipid metabolic disturbances in patients with schizophrenia.

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