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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(2): 150-157, 2021 Feb 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611901

RESUMEN

Objective: To determine the impact of inflammatory reaction levels and the culprit plaque characteristics on preprocedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The is a retrospective study. A total of 1 268 STEMI patients who underwent pre-intervention optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination of culprit lesion during emergency PCI were divided into 2 groups by preprocedural TIMI flow grade (TIMI 0-1 group (n =964, 76.0%) and TIMI 2-3 group (n =304, 24.0%)). Baseline clinical data of the 2 groups were collected; blood samples were collected for the detection of inflammatory markers such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), myocardial injury marker, blood lipid, etc.; echocardiography was used to determine left ventricular ejection fraction; coronary angiography and OCT were performed to define the lesion length, diameter stenosis degree of the infarct-related arteries, presence or absence of complex lesions, culprit lesion type, area stenosis degree and vulnerability of culprit plaques. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent correlation factors. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of continuous independent correlation factors was analyzed, and the best cut-off value of TIMI 0-1 was respectively determined according to the maximum value of Youden index. Results: The mean age of 1 268 STEMI patients were (57.6±11.4) years old and 923 cases were males (72.8%). Compared with TIMI 2-3 group, the patients in TIMI 0-1 group were older and had higher N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level, lower cardiac troponin I (cTnI) level, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, and higher hsCRP level (5.16(2.06, 11.78) mg/L vs. 3.73(1.51, 10.46) mg/L). Moreover, the hsCRP level of patients in TIMI 0-1 group was higher in the plaque rupture subgroup (all P<0.05). Coronary angiography results showed that compared with TIMI 2-3 group, the proportion of right coronary artery (RCA) as the infarct-related artery was higher, the angiographical lesion length was longer, minimal lumen diameter was smaller, and diameter stenosis was larger in TIMI 0-1 group (all P<0.05). The prevalence of plaque rupture was higher (75.8% vs. 61.2%) in TIMI 0-1 group. Plaque vulnerability was significantly higher in TIMI 0-1 group than that in TIMI 2-3 group with larger mean lipid arc (241.27°±46.78° vs. 228.30°±46.32°), more thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA, 72.4% vs. 57.9%), more frequent appearance of macrophage accumulation (84.4% vs. 70.7%) and cholesterol crystals (39.1% vs. 25.7%). Minimal flow area was smaller [1.3(1.1-1.7)mm2 vs. 1.4(1.1-1.9)mm2, all P<0.05] and flow area stenosis was higher (78.2%±10.6% vs. 76.3%±12.3%) in TIMI 0-1 group. Multivariable analysis showed that mean lipid arc>255.55°, cholesterol crystals, angiographical lesion length>16.14 mm, and hsCRP>3.29 mg/L were the independent correlation factors of reduced preprocedural TIMI flow grade in STEMI patients. Conclusions: Plaque vulnerability and inflammation are closely related to reduced preprocedural TIMI flow grade in STEMI patients.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST , Anciano , Angiografía Coronaria , Humanos , Inflamación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico por imagen , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios Retrospectivos , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/diagnóstico por imagen , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/cirugía , Volumen Sistólico , Terapia Trombolítica , Función Ventricular Izquierda
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 65-70, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506893

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to uncover the role of microRNA-665 (miR-665) in protecting inflammatory response in microglia following spinal cord injury (SCI) and the underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The serum levels of miR-665 and TREM2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid 2) in SCI patients (n=24) and healthy subjects (n=24) were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Then, the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). After lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction in BV2 cells, the relative levels of miR-665 and TREM2 were detected by qRT-PCR, and relative levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the culture medium were examined by ELISA. Next, TREM2, the target gene of miR-665, was determined by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, and the relationship between the expression levels of TREM2 and miR-665 in SCI patients and BV2 cells was analyzed. Finally, the regulatory effects of miR-665 and TREM2 on IL-6 and TNF-α levels in the culture medium of LPS-induced BV2 cells were assessed. RESULTS: It was found that miR-665 was downregulated in serum of SCI patients and LPS-induced BV2 cells, while TREM2 was upregulated. Silenced miR-665 or overexpressed TREM2 was involved in protecting inflammatory response following SCI. Besides, rescue experiments showed that miR-665 participated in the regulation of inflammatory response following SCI by targeting TREM2. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-665 inhibits inflammatory response following SCI by targeting TREM2.

3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 743-749, 2020 Oct 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045785

RESUMEN

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the change of the long axis angle and the relative displacement of the crown feature points of the posterior teeth under normal bite force utilizing an intraoral scanner, and to provide clinical reference. Methods: From May to December 2019, fifteen graduate volunteers (5 males and 10 females, aged from 22 to 30, with an average age of 25.7 years) from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited to participate in the study. The surface data (U1, L1) of the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth were scanned by an intraoral scanner i500, and saved as original data. The volunteers were guided to bite in the intercuspal position with normal bite force. The buccal bite data of the posterior teeth were scanned as the basis for registration. The digital casts were imported into Geomagic studio 2013 software and the boundary lines along the gingival margin and mesial and distal contact area of posterior teeth of data (U1, L1) were determined. Long axis of the crown, crown centroid and mesial functional cusp vertex were establishd. The data (U1, L1) were segmented into single tooth. Single tooth was aligned to buccal bite data separately using best-fit alignment command based on the buccal common area of the crown and new casts data (U2, L2) were obtained as the data under bite force. The long axis angle and centroid distance between adjacent teeth (second premolar and first molar, second molar and first molar) were measured and the deviation between data obtained at mouth-open state and that at biting state was calculated. Negative value meant centroid distance became shorter under bite force. The first molar was set as the common area and registrate the U1, L1 to U2, L2. The angle of long axes, and displacement of centroid and of functional cusp vertex between second premolar of two casts were calculated, as well as between second molar of two casts. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the differences of teeth displacement between second premolar and second molar, and between maxillary and mandibular jaws with SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: The result of second premolar and second molar in the same jaw had no statistical difference (P>0.05). The centroid distance deviation of mandibular second premolar-first molar [-0.022(0.046) mm] was larger than that of maxilla [-0.006 (0.040) mm] (P<0.05). The long axis angle of second premolar itself [0.913°(0.647°)] and centroid distance of second molar itself [0.102 (0.106) mm] on the mandibular jaw were different from that on the maxillary jaw, which were 0.590°(0.550°) and 0.074(0.060) mm respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Under bite force, displacement of the second premolar and second molar was present, including the displacement of centroids and deflection of long axes. The mandibular posterior teeth have larger displacement than the maxillary teeth.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza de la Mordida , Diente Molar , Adulto , Diente Premolar , Oclusión Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Diente Molar/diagnóstico por imagen
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1324-1327, 2020 Aug 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867444

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the predictive ability of HIV infection risk assessment tool for men who have sex with men (MSM). Sentinel surveillance data of MSM in Taizhou prefecture of Zhejiang province was used. Methods: MSM involved in AIDS sentinel surveillance program in Taizhou from 2013 to 2017 were included in the study and items listed in the HIV infection risk assessment tool for MSM was revised. Related data on questions and options involved in sentinel surveillance was collected and individual risk scores were calculated. We determined the predictive ability of this tool by comprehensive analyzing the HIV infection status and individual risk scores. Results: A total of 1 944 MSM were included in the study, with an average age of (35.04±13.28)years old. Most of them were recruited from the venues (55.7%) and 48.2% were never married. Among these MSM, HIV infection rate was 12.6%(245/1 944) with the median of risk score as 23.99, versus 20.36 from the HIV negative ones. Significant differences appeared on the risk scores between the target populations that with different HIV status (Mann-Whitney test, P=0.007). According to the principle of decision tree, MSM were divided into two groups according to risk scores: ≤18.66 and >18.66. It appeared that the risk scores were in parallel with the rates of HIV infection (χ(2)=13.102, P<0.001). Results from the multivariate analysis showed that MSM with higher risk score were more likely to be infected with HIV (>18.66 vs. ≤18.66: aOR=1.72, 95%CI: 1.27-2.32, P<0.001). Area under the ROC curve (AUC) for HIV infection was 0.553 (95%CI: 0.516-0.590, P=0.007). At the point of risk score 19.01, Youden's index appeared the maximum, with sensitivity as 0.69 and specificity as 0.43, of this tool. Conclusions: The HIV infection risk assessment tool for MSM developed based on Delphi method can predict the risk of HIV infection in MSM to some extent. MSM with higher risk score seemed likely to be infected with HIV. Items of this tool need to be adjusted for the verification of the tool through cohort studies in the near future.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Homosexualidad Masculina/estadística & datos numéricos , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Vigilancia de Guardia , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 648-652, 2020 Aug 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867456

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the relationship between KDM6A mutation or expression and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer. Methods: Fifty-seven cases of gastric cancer tissues were analyzed by second-generation sequencing, and bioinformation database such as Cbioportal, Kaplan Meier-Plotter, and the Human Protein Atlas were used to analyze the relationship between KDM6A mutation and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer. Results: Among 57 gastric cancer samples, 14 were KDM6A mutation, and the mutation proportion was 24.6%. Compared with the non-mutation group, the Borrmann classification, T stage, TNM stage and tumor diameter of KDM6A mutant group were significantly different (all P<0.05). The median survival time of the KDM6A mutant patients was 53.5 months, significantly shorter than 72.0 months of the KDM6A non-mutation patients (P=0.007). The analysis result of Kaplan Meier-Plotter database showed that, among all of the 875 patients, 655 patients had low KDM6A expression and 220 patients had high expression. The median survival time of patients with low expression was 23.5 months, significantly shorter than 30.8 months of patients with high expression (P=0.002). In male, gastric cancer patients with stage Ⅲ, intestinal type, diffuse type, simple surgical treatment and fluorouracil chemotherapy, the expression of KDM6A is related to the patient's overall survival time (all P<0.05). The analysis result of Cbioportal database showed that, among all of the 1 172 gastric cancer patients, 70 patients with KDM6A mutation, 1100 patients with non-mutation. The median overall survival time of mutant patients was 28.9 months, significantly shorter than 35.9 months of non-mutation patients (P<0.001). The analysis result of Human Protein Atlas database showed that, among all of the 355 gastric cancer patients, 97 patients had high KDM6A expression and 258 patients had low KDM6A expression. The median survival time of patients with low expression was 13.7 months, significantly shorter than 19.8 months of patients with high expression (P=0.022). Conclusions: The survival time of gastric cancer patients with KDM6A mutation or low expression is shorter. The mutation and expression of KDM6A are related to clinical pathological factors, which may become a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores de Tumor/metabolismo , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica/genética , Histona Demetilasas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Histona Demetilasas/genética , Humanos , Metástasis Linfática , Masculino , Mutación/genética , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidad , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Análisis de Supervivencia
6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(7): 466-474, 2020 Jul 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634885

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the subgingival microbiota of subjects from patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP), chronic periodontitis (CP) and periodontally healthy (PH) individuals, respectively. Methods: Volunteers were recruited from the Nangjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University during December 2013 to December 2014. Ten individuals were included in each of three groups. Preliminary estimation of sampling sites was chosen based on the X-ray and intraoral examination. Then the subgingival plaque samples were collected, the periodontal clinical indices were recorded, genes were extracted and amplified by PCR, and subsequently a DNA library was constructed for 16S rDNA sequencing. The library that can be successfully constructed and sequenced includes: 18 samples from 8 AgP group patients, 31 samples from 10 CP group patients and 10 samples from 8 PH group volunteers. Finally, we analyzed and compared the α-diversity, ß-diversity and microbial compositions of samples in each group. Pearson correlation analysis was adopted to evaluate the correlation between the relative abundance of microorganisms and the probing depth (PD). Results: The α-diversity of subgingival flora in AgP group was significantly lower than that in PH group and CP group, respectively (P<0.05). On the phylum level, the abundance of Bacteroides [(36.8±7.4)%] and Spirochetes [(16.0±5.4)%] in AgP group and the abundance of Bacteroides [(37.2±6.3)%] and Spirochetes [(11.8±3.6)%] in CP group were significantly higher than those in PH group [(27.5±11.2)%, (5.2±4.4)%, respectively, P<0.05]. While the relative abundance of Actinomycetes and Proteobacteria [(4.2±3.3)%, (12.9±5.1)%, respectively] in AgP group and that of CP group [(6.1±2.6)%, (12.1±4.0)%, respectively] were significantly higher than PH group [(19.3±13.1)%, (23.0±10.1)%, respectively, P<0.01). The abundance of Spirochetes and Tenericutes in AgP group [(16.0±5.4)%, (1.7±1.2)%, respectively] were significantly higher than that in CP group [(11.8±3.6)%, (0.7±0.6)%, respectively, P<0.05]. At the genus level, Corynebacterium, Actinomycete, Saccharibacteria_norank, Selenomonas and Oribacterium in the subgingival flora of AgP group were significantly lower than that of CP group, while the relative abundance of Actinomycetes, Lentimicrobiaceae_norank, Defluvitaleaceae_UCG_011, Family_XI_unclassified were significantly higher than that of CP group (P<0.05). Principal coordinate analysis showed that samples of each group clustered separately from each other. Linear discriminant analysis revealed that the bacteria enriched in AgP group included Spirochetes, while in CP group included Bacteroidaceae. The result of correlation analysis showed that the abundance of the following genera in AgP group were positively correlated with PD: Treponema_2, Defluitaleaceaeae_UCG_011, Mycoplasma, Catonella, Fretibacterium (r=0.525-0.750, P<0.05). While the relative abundance of Comamonadaceae_unclassified, Streptococcus, Capnocytophaga, Neisseria, Prevotella, Peptococcus, Ralstonia, Bergenia and Actinomycetes were negatively associated with PD (r=-0.617--0.490, P<0.05). In the CP group, the abundance of Dialister, Family_XI_unclassified, Catonella, Peptococcus, Pelospora and Rikenella_RC9_gut group were positively correlated with PD (r=0.430-0.533, P<0.05). Conclusions: There is a clear difference between the subgingival flora of periodontal patients and that of PH individuals. Besides, subgingival flora of AgP and CP are also different, suggesting that these could be two different diseases.


Asunto(s)
Periodontitis Agresiva , Periodontitis Crónica , Placa Dental , Microbiota , Bacteroides , Humanos
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(5): 491-493, 2020 May 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388947

RESUMEN

The epidemiological history and clinical characteristics of 7 cases of COVID-19 and 1 case of close contact in the first family aggregation epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu Province were analyzed. The first patient A developed on January 22, 2020, with a history of residence in Wuhan, and confirmed severe cases of NCP on January 24, 2020; patient B, on January 23, 2020, diagnosed on January 31, severe cases; patient C, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient D, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient E, on January 24, diagnosed on January 28; patient F, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 31; Patient G was asymptomatic and was diagnosed on January 31. In close contact, H was asymptomatic, PCR test was negative and asymptomatic, and he was discharged early. Among the 7 patients, 1 case died of (B) aggravation, and the other patients' condition was effectively controlled after active treatment. Except for the discharged cases, 5 cases were positive for COVID-19 specific IgM antibody and 1 case was negative. In this clustering outbreak, 4 patients remained asymptomatic, but PCR and IgM antibodies were positive, indicating that asymptomatic patients may be the key point to control the epidemic. Specific IgM antibody screening for patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test is negative but with ground glass-like lung lesions is very important for early detection and early isolation.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Asintomáticas , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Salud de la Familia , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Anticuerpos Antivirales/sangre , Betacoronavirus , China , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina M/sangre , Masculino , Pandemias
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5008-5017, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432764

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and mechanism of miR-145-5p on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiac microvascular endothelial cell (CMEC) injury in coronary heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with CHD (n=96) and healthy volunteers (n=96) were enrolled, and H/R injury model of CMECs was established. The expression of miR-145-5p and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4 (Smad4) mRNA in cells was quantified with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Then, miR-145-5p mimics and Smad4 inhibitor were transfected into CMECs. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was employed for proliferation detection, flow cytometry for apoptosis detection, and Western Blot for measuring the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and Smad4 protein. RESULTS: The expression of serum miR-145-5p in patients with CHD was significantly lower than that in healthy individuals. The area under the curve (AUC) of miR-145-5p in diagnosing CHD was 0.894, and the expression of miR-145-5p was negatively correlated with that of Smad4 (p<0.05). Over-expression of miR-145-5p promoted the proliferation, inhibited the apoptosis, and reduced inflammatory responses and oxidative stress in H/R-injured CMECs. Moreover, miR-145-5p might negatively regulate the expression of Smad4 in CMECs. Dual-Luciferase reporter assay determined the targeting relation between miR-145-5p and Smad4. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-145-5p is lowly expressed in patients with CHD, and its over-expression effectively alleviates H/R-induced CMEC injury by inhibiting Smad4.

10.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 308-310, 2020 Apr 26.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468797

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of rational emotive therapy on negative emotions among advanced schistosomiasis patients with repeated hospitalizations. METHODS: A total of 97 advanced schistosomiasis patients with anxiety and depressive emotions that were hospitalized in Xiangyue Hospital of Hunan Institute of Schistosomiasis Control for three times or more were enrolled, and given rational emotive therapy for 4 weeks in addition to routine nursing care. The scores for anxiety, depression and quality of life were estimated in patients before and after the rational emotive therapy using the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SRS), the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and WHOQOL-BREF Form. RESULTS: The SAS and SDS scores were significantly lower 4 weeks following rational emotive therapy than before the intervention (SAS score, 45.40 ± 7.77 vs. 59.25 ± 9.29, t = 14.021, P < 0.01; 51.48 ± 8.01 vs. 63.93 ± 9.59, t = 12.991, P < 0.01). The percentages of patients with moderate and severe anxiety and depression were significantly lower 4 weeks following rational emotive therapy than before the intervention (P < 0.01), and the scores for each item in the quality of life were all significantly greater 4 weeks following rational emotive therapy than before the intervention (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Rational emotive therapy may improve the negative emotions and the quality of life of advanced schistosomiasis patients with repeated hospitalizations.


Asunto(s)
Emociones , Hospitalización , Calidad de Vida , Esquistosomiasis , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Ansiedad/terapia , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/terapia , Humanos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Esquistosomiasis/psicología , Esquistosomiasis/terapia
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(15): 1130-1135, 2020 Apr 21.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311875

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the relationships between serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and KIM-based white matter lesion (WML) and carotid atherosclerotic plaque. Methods: From November 2018 to July 2019, 155 patients admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were enrolled, with 125 cases of brain MRI manifestations of white matter lesions allocated to WML group and 30 cases of normal MRI in control group (NC group). According to KIM classification, WML patients were further divided into juxtaventricular white matter lesion (JVWML) group (n=30), periventricular white matter lesion (PVWML) group (n=33), juxtacortical white matter lesion (JCWML) group (n=30) and deep white matter lesion (DWML) group (n=32). Clinical Data of vascular risk factors in all subjects was collected and reviewed. Serum Lp-PLA2 content was determined by double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Carotid atherosclerosis plaques were detected by carotid artery ultrasonography and divided into stable and vulnerable plaques, and thus total score of each plaque was subsequently calculated according to the Crouse method. Results: The Lp-PLA2 ((117±37) ng/ml vs (95±30) ng/ml), stable Crouse plaque integral (CPI) (0 (0,2.5) vs 0) and unstable CPI (0 (0,3.4) vs 0) in the WML group were significantly higher than those in the NC group (all P<0.05). Lp-PLA2 ((138±41) ng/ml) and unstable CPI (1.5(0,3.8)) in the PVWML group were significantly higher than those in the NC group (all P<0.05). Lp-PLA2 levels in the PVWML group were significantly higher than those in the JVWML group ((100±28) ng/ml) and JCWML group ((101±27) ng/ml) (all P<0.05). Correlation analysis revealed that blood glucose (r=0.600, P=0.000), triglyceride (TG) (r=0.371, P=0.034), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (r=0.367, P=0.036) and Lp-PLA2 (r=0.567, P=0.001) were positively correlated with unstable CPI in PVWML group, while it is negatively correlated with HDL-C (r=-0.368, P=0.035). Multivariate linear regression of all relevant factors and unstable CPI in the PVWML group showed that blood glucose (b=0.463, P<0.01) and Lp-PLA2 (b=0.347, P<0.05) were still positively correlated with unstable CPI. Conclusions: Serum Lp-PLA2 is an indicator of atherosclerosis, which is associated with carotid instability plaques in periventricular WML, suggesting that inflammatory mechanism plays an important role in the development of ischemic white matter lesions.


Asunto(s)
Placa Aterosclerótica , Sustancia Blanca , 1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterasa , Aterosclerosis , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Lipoproteínas , Fosfolipasas A2
13.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 34(9): 2135-2139, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118308

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (IHs) involving the lip are of special concern because of the susceptibility of complications, including ulceration, obstruction and disfigurement. The available data for the relationship between their clinical characteristics and ulcerations are limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics of lip IHs and to evaluate the main risk factors for ulceration. METHODS: A retrospective study was designed that included infants with lip IHs during an 8-year period, the clinical data of participants were collected, and univariable and multivariable logistic models were used to determine the relationships between the clinical characteristics of lip IHs and ulcerations. Location, size and type were investigated as potential independent factors influencing the development of ulceration. RESULTS: A total of 69 lip IHs were identified including 40 girls and 29 boys. Ulcerations were found in 37 (53.6%) lip IHs. Lip haemangiomas experiencing ulceration had a mean size (SD) of 3.49 (2.82) cm2 compared with 1.08 (0.96) cm2 for those without ulceration. Twenty-eight (52.8%) of the 53 localized haemangiomas and 9 (56.3%) of the 16 segmental haemangiomas experienced ulcerations. Univariable analyses of all investigated factors revealed significant associations of location and size with increased risk of ulceration, and these significant associations remained after adjusting for sex and age [OR 8.61 (95% CI, 2.24-33.13) and 2.62 (95% CI, 1.46-4.72), respectively]. The duration before ulceration was between 4 and 70 days after the occurrence of lip IHs, with a median of 28 (19.41) days. Most ulcers occurred within 45 days of IH occurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Ulceration is a common complication of lip IHs at an earlier stage. A swollen with pale or bright crimson appearance of the lip IH surface could be an important signal of subsequent ulceration. Location of the IH on the lower lip and lip IH size are risk factors for the occurrence of ulceration.

14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(0): E005, 2020 Feb 17.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064855

RESUMEN

The epidemiological history and clinical characteristics of 7 cases of COVID-19 and 1 case of close contact in the first family aggregation epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu Province were analyzed. The first patient A developed on January 22, 2020, with a history of residence in Wuhan, and confirmed severe cases of NCP on January 24, 2020; patient B, on January 23, 2020, diagnosed on January 31, severe cases; patient C, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient D, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient E, on January 24, diagnosed on January 28; patient F, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 31; Patient G was asymptomatic and was diagnosed on January 31. In close contact, H was asymptomatic, PCR test was negative and asymptomatic, and he was discharged early. Among the 7 patients, 1 case died of (B) aggravation, and the other patients' condition was effectively controlled after active treatment. Except for the discharged cases, 5 cases were positive for COVID-19 specific IgM antibody and 1 case was negative. In this clustering outbreak, 4 patients remained asymptomatic, but PCR and IgM antibodies were positive, indicating that asymptomatic patients may be the key point to control the epidemic. Specific IgM antibody screening for patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test is negative but with ground glass-like lung lesions is very important for early detection and early isolation.

15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 138-143, 2020 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071477

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction accuracy of the intercuspal occlusion (ICO) of the dental casts, by the dental articulator position method, and provide a reference for clinical application. METHODS: The standard dental casts in ICO were mounted on average values articulator, and five pairs of milling resin cylinders were respectively attached to the base of both the casts. 100 µm articulating paper and occlusal record silicone rubber were used to detect the occlusal contact number between the posterior teeth of casts mounted on articulator in ICO. The occlusal contact numbers NA detected by the two methods were calculated simultaneously, as the reference. After the upper and lower casts were scanned separately, and the buccal data of casts in ICO were scanned with the aid of the dental articulator position, registration was carried out utilizing the registration software. Then the digital casts mounted in ICO as well as the buccal occlusal data were saved in standard tessellation language (STL) format. Geomagic Studio 2013 software was used to analyze the contact number NS between digital upper and lower casts by the "deviation analysis" function. The differences were compared between NS and NA, to evaluate the sensitivity and positive predict value (PPV) of the model scanner to reproduce the occlusal contact with the aid of dental articulator position. The distance DR between the centers of the circles at the top surface of the upper and lower corresponding cylinders was obtained by the three-coordinate measuring system Faro Edge, as the reference value. The Geomagic Studio 2013 software was used to construct the cylinders of digital casts and the distance DM between the centers of the circles at the top surface of the corresponding cylinders were measured, as the test value. The one-sample T test was used to analyze the variable differences between DM and DR. RESULTS: The PPV of reproducing the occlusal contact point was 0.76 and sensitivity was 0.81. The distance error of the opposite cylinder was (0.232±0.089) mm. There was no statistical difference between the feature points 5-5', while there were statistical differences between the other feature points. CONCLUSION: By the dental articulator position method, the model scanner reproduces the occlusal contact point with high sensitivity and PPV, and that meets clinical needs. Meanwhile, the distance between the feature points is greater than the reference value, which will lead to occlusal disturbance, and require clinical grinding.


Asunto(s)
Articuladores Dentales , Modelos Dentales , Oclusión Dental , Imagenología Tridimensional , Registro de la Relación Maxilomandibular , Programas Informáticos
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(42): 3328-3334, 2019 Nov 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715670

RESUMEN

Objective: The authors aim to provide genetic counselling and prenatal gene diagnosis to the families with osteogenesis imperfecta(OI), based on the identification of pathogenetic mutations in large cohort genetic testing. Methods: DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of parents of the fetuses, and from the villi tissue, amniotic fluid or cord blood of the fetuses using a standard sodium dodecyl sulfate-proteinase K-phenol/chloroform extraction method. PCR combined with Sanger DNA sequencing was performed to validate the pathogenic mutations of 200 fetuses at risk of OI and their parents from 158 families. Allelic analysis of microsatellite markers was applied to exclude the false positive caused by maternal DNA contamination, when both the fetus and the mother harbored the same pathogenic genotype. Results: A total of 83 affected fetuses (83/200, 41.5%) and 12 (12/200, 6.0%) recessive carriers were identified among the 200 fetuses. The 83 affected fetuses included 78 heterozygotes (45 of COL1A1, 32 of COL1A2, one of IFITM5), and 5 compound heterozygotes or homozygotes of recessive OI (two of FKBP10, one of SEC24D, one of WNT1 and one of CRTAP); The 12 recessive carriers included 7 of WNT1, 4 of SERPINF1 and one of SERPINH1. Maternal DNA contamination was excluded from the genomic DNA samples of OI fetuses when their mother with the same affected genotypes. Conclusion: In this study, the authors used an optimized gene diagnosis system of OI to perform prenatal genetic diagnosis to 200 fetuses at high risk of OI, and provided precisely genetic counselling to the OI families.


Asunto(s)
Osteogénesis Imperfecta , Colágeno Tipo I , Femenino , Feto , Humanos , Mutación , Embarazo , Diagnóstico Prenatal , Proteínas de Unión a Tacrolimus
17.
Nanotechnology ; 30(45): 455705, 2019 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390597

RESUMEN

Atomic vacancies and nanopores act as local scattering centers and modify the transport properties of charge carriers in phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs). We investigate the influence of such atomic defects on the electronic transport of multi-terminal PNR. We use the non-equilibrium Green's function approach within the tight-binding framework to calculate the transmission coefficient and the conductance. Terminals induce band mixing resulting in oscillations in the conductance. In the presence of atomic vacancies and nanopores the conductance between non-axial terminals exhibit constructive scattering, which is in contrast to mono-axial two-terminal systems where the conductance exhibits destructive scattering. This can be understood from the spatial local density of states of the transport modes in the system. Our results provide fundamental insights into the electronic transport in PNR-based multi-terminal systems and into the ability of atomic defects and nanopores through tuning the transport properties.

18.
Poult Sci ; 98(12): 6873-6879, 2019 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420674

RESUMEN

The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of excess dietary fluoride (F) on laying performance, egg quality, tissue retention, serum biochemical indices, and serum reproductive hormones of laying hens. A total of 384 Hy-Line Gray hens, 37 wk old, were treated with sodium fluoride added to a corn-soybean meal basal diet at 0, 400, 800, and 1200 mg fluorine/kg feed. The results showed that dietary F levels at 800 and 1200 mg/kg markedly decreased ADFI, laying rate, average egg weight, and increased feed conversion ratio (FCR) (P < 0.05). Dietary F levels at 800 and 1200 mg/kg dramatically decreased the egg quality of albumen height, yolk color, eggshell strength, and eggshell thickness, and on the 49th D, 400 mg/kg F group significantly decreased the eggshell strength, compared to those of control group. Fluoride residues in tissues of hens were increased significantly with the increase of dietary F supplemental levels (P < 0.05). Fluoride concentrations were generally high in feces, eggshell, tibia, kidney, and ovary, and the highest in feces, following with eggshell and tibia, lower in kidney and ovary, and the lowest in serum. Serum uric acid levels and alanine aminotransferase activity increased significantly (P < 0.05), and glucose, triglycerides, and phosphorus decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in response to dietary F concentration, compared to those of the control group, respectively. Dietary F supplementation at 1200 mg/kg significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the estrogen concentrations in serum, compared to those of the control group. Concentrations of progesterone in the fluoride-treated groups were significantly (P < 0.05) decreased relative to those of the control group. In conclusion, these results indicated that the excessive ingestion of F has had a detrimental effect on egg laying rate and quality of eggs by damaging the function of the liver, kidney, and ovary of laying hens.


Asunto(s)
Pollos/fisiología , Hormonas/sangre , Óvulo/química , Reproducción/efectos de los fármacos , Fluoruro de Sodio/metabolismo , Alimentación Animal/análisis , Animales , Pollos/sangre , Dieta/veterinaria , Suplementos Dietéticos/análisis , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Estradiol/sangre , Femenino , Progesterona/sangre , Distribución Aleatoria , Fluoruro de Sodio/administración & dosificación
19.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315360

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the mechanism of chemotherapy resistance in nasopharyngeal carcinoma under hypoxic conditions through the perspective of protein SUMOylation modification. Methods: Cobalt chloride (CoCl(2)) was used to establish the hypoxic model of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE1 cells. Then, the cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression level of small ubiquitin-related modifier(SUMO) and cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) proteins were detected by western blotting. MTT assay was used to determine the median lethal dose (IC(50)) of cancer cells against cisplatin, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. Results: The cell cycle of CNE1 induced by hypoxia was arrested in G0/G1 phase.The results of Western blot showed that the protein expression level of CDK6 in CNE1 cells was lower than that in the control group (0.83±0.25 vs. 0.43±0.21, t=14.67, P=0.003). The protein level of conjugated SUMO1 was significantly lower than that in the control group (2.69±0.48 vs. 1.38±0.31, t=17.22, P=0.001), while the level of free SUMO1 protein was significantly higher than that in the control group (2.01±0.43 vs. 2.60±0.59, t=15.45, P=0.002).The LC50 of CNE1 cells in the control group was significantly lower than that in the hypoxic group (29.44 µg/ml vs. 97.72 µg/ml, t=12.79, P=0.001). After CNE1 cells received 50 µg/ml cisplatin for 48 h, the LDH content in the supernatant of the control group was significantly higher than that in the hypoxic group ((541.49±64.59) ng/ml vs. (234.67±41.03) ng/ml, t=11.94, P=0.007)). The apoptosis rate of CNE1 cells in the control group was significantly higher than that in the hypoxic group ((76.64±5.37)% vs. (32.84±4.77) ng/ml, t=8.49, P=0.003)). Conclusion: Hypoxia can dissociate the covalent modification of CDK6 and SUMO1, inhibit cell cycle and increase the chemotherapy resistance of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia a Antineoplásicos/fisiología , Hipoxia/fisiopatología , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamiento farmacológico , Sumoilación/fisiología , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Ciclo Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Ciclo Celular/fisiología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Cisplatino/farmacología , Quinasa 6 Dependiente de la Ciclina/metabolismo , Resistencia a Antineoplásicos/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/fisiopatología , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/fisiopatología , Proteína SUMO-1/metabolismo
20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137098

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (REAH) in the nasal cavity. Methods: Clinical datas of 23 patients, who were hospitalized in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, from February 2016 to February 2018 with histopathologically proved REAH in the nasal cavity were reviewed. There were 18 males and 5 females, with the age range from 16 to 71 years old. The most common area, main symptoms, surgical methods and follow-up results were analyzed. Results: The most common area was olfactory cleft (21 cases), and the mainly symptom was nasal congestion (18 cases). All the patients received transnasal endoscopic surgery and had no recurrence during following-up from three months to one year. Conclusions: The most common area of REAH in the nasal cavity is the olfactory cleft. Histopathological result is needed to make a definite diagnosis. Complete surgical resection is the main treatment.


Asunto(s)
Hamartoma , Pólipos Nasales , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Endoscopía , Femenino , Hamartoma/patología , Hamartoma/cirugía , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cavidad Nasal , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Adulto Joven
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