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1.
Biomaterials ; 250: 120061, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361391

RESUMEN

Most anticancer therapies trigger apoptosis to eliminate malignant cells. However, the majority of malignant cancer cells are resistant to apoptosis due to genetic mutations or heterogeneity. Here, we report that opening the pore of the bacterial large conductance mechanosensitivity channel (MscL) provides a novel approach of inducing non-apoptotic cell death. The gain-of-function mutant V23A-MscL and chemically responsive mutant G26C-MscL can be functionally expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. V23A-MscL spontaneously opens, and G26C-MscL also responds to its chemical activator MTSET. Opening of the MscL channel causes increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration and suppressed cell growth and viability. MTSET-activated G26C channels induce necrosis, while V23A-MscL expression leads to cytoplasmic vacuolization cell death in HepG2 cells and suppresses tumor growth in a mouse model. We propose that MscL may act as a nanovalve through which intracellular homeostasis suffers a disruption and results in malignant tumor cell damage, leading to a new strategy for cancer therapy.

2.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(2): 209-215, 2020 Apr 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385027

RESUMEN

Objective To investigate the association between chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depressive-like behavior in rats and expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and S100ß in the hippocampal and prefrontal cortex. Methods Rats were randomly assigned to three groups:saline control group,saline+CUMS group,and citalopram +CUMS group. CUMS was used for depression modeling in rats. Depressive-like behavior in rats were evaluated by open-field test,sucrose preference test,and novel object recognition test. S100ß and BDNF expressions were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results Rats in the saline+CUMS group had significantly lower score in sucrose preference [(52.48±13.14)%],basic motor tasks [(845.8±371.4)s],fine motor tasks [(565.6±211.9)s],and longer resting time [(282.6±11.8)s] compared to the control group [(84.30±6.15)% (t=7.49,P=0.000),(1239.1±281.6)s (t=2.83,P=0.008),(801.8±150.9)s (t=3.05,P=0.003),(268.2±12.8)s (t=2.72,P=0.001)]. Compared with the citalopram+CUMS group,rats from the saline+CUMS group also showed significantly lower results in sucrose preference [(80.55±11.31)%,t=5.39,P=0.000],basic motor tasks [(1156.4±314.7)s,t=2.13,P=0.031],and fine motor tasks [(736.1±150.0)s,t=2.21,P=0.008]. There were no significant differences in the expression of hippocampal and prefrontal BDNF between these two groups,but rats from the saline+CUMS group expressed significantly higher levels of S100ß compared to rats from the citalopram+CUMS group [(13.22±2.23) ng/g vs. (10.55±2.72) ng/g,t=2.67,P=0.014]. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the expression of S100ß was positively correlated with the expression of BDNF in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus (r=0.35,P=0.034;r=0.36,P=0.034).The novel object recognition index was positively correlated with the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus(r=0.38,P=0.021),and the duration of fine-motor activities was negatively correlated with S100ß in the prefrontal cortex (r=-0.36,P=0.037). Conclusions Different types of depressive behaviors in rats induced by CUMS are associated with the selective expression of S100ß and BDNF in two different brain cortex. S100ß protein and BDNF may independently participate in the pathogenesis of depression.

3.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356159

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) of benign breast lesions (BBLs) and compare the learning curves of international radiologists (IRs) and surgeons. METHODS: In total, 440 patients with 755 clinicopathologically confirmed BBLs from 5 centers were prospectively enrolled from February 2014 to July 2018. Technical success, complications, volume reduction ratio (VRR), palpability, and cosmetic satisfaction after ablation were analyzed. In addition, the ablation time (AT) and energy (AE) with the number of procedures were analyzed for learning curve evaluation. RESULTS: The mean maximum diameter was 1.7 ± 0.6 cm. The complete ablation rate reached 100%, including 45.8% lesions adjacent to the skin, pectoralis, or areola. After a median follow-up of 13.7 months, the 12-month VRR of all lesions was 97.9%, and that for 1.0- to 2.0-cm and ≥ 2.0-cm lesions was 98.6% and 96.9%, respectively. A total of 55.9% of BBLs became nonpalpable (palpable in 85.7% of cases before MWA) by both the clinician and patient. The cosmetic and minimally invasive satisfaction rates were good or excellent in 98.4% and 94.5% of patients, respectively. The median AT/cm3 and AE/cm3 decreased as experience increased. The AE/cm3 of the IR with 5 years of experience was lower than that of the IR with 1 year of experience and the surgeons, while the AT/cm3 of surgeons was comparable with that of the IR with 5 years of experience at relatively mature phase. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous MWA is a valuable technique for the treatment of BBLs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02860104) KEY POINTS: • Ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation has the potential to become a valuable technique for the treatment of benign breast lesions. • A skilled interventional radiologist shows a rapid improvement in mastering the technique.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(9)2020 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366031

RESUMEN

Rice (Oryza sativa) is the main food source for more than 3.5 billion people in the world. Global climate change is having a strong negative effect on rice production. One of the climatic factors impacting rice yield is asymmetric warming, i.e., the stronger increase in nighttime as compared to daytime temperatures. Little is known of the metabolic responses of rice to high night temperature (HNT) in the field. Eight rice cultivars with contrasting HNT sensitivity were grown in the field during the wet (WS) and dry season (DS) in the Philippines. Plant height, 1000-grain weight and harvest index were influenced by HNT in both seasons, while total grain yield was only consistently reduced in the WS. Metabolite composition was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). HNT effects were more pronounced in panicles than in flag leaves. A decreased abundance of sugar phosphates and sucrose, and a higher abundance of monosaccharides in panicles indicated impaired glycolysis and higher respiration-driven carbon losses in response to HNT in the WS. Higher amounts of alanine and cyano-alanine in panicles grown in the DS compared to in those grown in the WS point to an improved N-assimilation and more effective detoxification of cyanide, contributing to the smaller impact of HNT on grain yield in the DS.

5.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 2020 May 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427354

RESUMEN

The extent of a drug-drug interaction (DDI) mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitors is highly variable during a dosing interval, as it depends on the temporal course of victim and perpetrator drug concentrations at intestinal and hepatic CYP3A expression sites. Capturing the time course of inhibition is therefore difficult using standard DDI studies assessing changes in area under the curve; thus, a novel design was developed. In a 4-period changeover pilot study, 6 healthy men received intraduodenal or intravenous infusions of the CYP3A substrate midazolam (MDZ) at a rate of 0.26 mg/h for 24 hours. This was combined with intraduodenal or intravenous infusion of the CYP3A inhibitor voriconazole (VRZ), administered at rates of 7.5 mg/h from 8 to 16 hours and of 15 mg/h from 16 to 24 hours, after starting midazolam administration. Plasma and urine concentrations of VRZ, MDZ, and its major metabolites were quantified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and analyzed by semiphysiological population pharmacokinetic nonlinear mixed-effects modeling. A model including mechanism-based inactivation of the metabolizing enzymes (maximum inactivation rate constant kinact , 2.83 h-1 ; dissociation rate constant K I , 9.33 µM) described the pharmacokinetics of VRZ well. By introducing competitive inhibition by VRZ on primary and secondary MDZ metabolism, concentration-time profiles, MDZ and its metabolites were captured appropriately. The model provides estimates of local concentrations of substrate and inhibitor at the major CYP3A expression sites and thus of the respective dynamic extent of inhibition. A combination of intravenous and intraduodenal infusions of inhibitors and substrates has the potential to provide a more accurate assessment of DDIs occurring in both gut wall and liver.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232127, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365142

RESUMEN

In this study, we proposed a novel convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture for classification of benign and malignant breast cancer (BC) in histological images. To improve the delivery and use of feature information, we chose the DenseNet as the basic building block and interleaved it with the squeeze-and-excitation (SENet) module. We conducted extensive experiments with the proposed framework by using the public domain BreakHis dataset and demonstrated that the proposed framework can produce significantly improved accuracy in BC classification, compared with the state-of-the-art CNN methods reported in the literature.

7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383992

RESUMEN

Engineered heart tissues (EHTs) have emerged as a robust in vitro model to study cardiac physiology. Although biomimetic culture environments have been developed to better approximate in vivo conditions, currently available methods do not permit full recapitulation of the four phases of the cardiac cycle. We have developed a bioreactor which allows EHTs to undergo cyclic loading sequences that mimic in vivo work loops. EHTs cultured under these working conditions exhibited enhanced concentric contractions but similar isometric contractions compared to EHTs cultured isometrically. EHTs that were allowed to shorten cyclically in culture had increased capacity for contractile work when tested acutely. Increased work production was correlated with higher levels of mitochondrial proteins and mitochondrial biogenesis; this effect was eliminated when tissues were cyclically shortened in the presence of a myosin ATPase inhibitor. Leveraging our novel in vitro method to precisely apply mechanical loads in culture, we grew EHTs under two loading regimes prescribing the same work output but with different associated afterloads. These groups showed no difference in mitochondrial protein expression. In loading regimes with the same afterload but different work output, tissues subjected to higher work demand exhibited elevated levels of mitochondrial protein. Our findings suggest that regulation of mitochondrial mass in cultured human EHTs is potently modulated by the mechanical work the tissue is permitted to perform in culture, presumably communicated through ATP demand. Precise application of mechanical loads to engineered heart tissues in culture represents a novel in vitro method for studying physiological and pathological cardiac adaptation.

8.
Gynecol Oncol ; 2020 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402633

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Platinum-based chemotherapy remains the first-line treatment for ovarian carcinoma by inducing DNA damage. The therapeutic impact of clonal and subclonal somatic mutations in DNA damage repair (DDR) pathways remains unexplored. METHODS: We performed an integrated analysis to infer the clonality of somatic deleterious mutations in 385 ovarian carcinomas treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was performed for visualization and the differences between survival curves were calculated by log-rank test. Proportional hazards models were used to estimate relative hazards for platinum-free interval (PFI), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: We found that somatic deleterious mutations in DDR pathways exhibited widespread clonal heterogeneity, and that patients with DDR clonal mutations exhibited a "hypermutator phenotype". Clonal somatic mutations in homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway were significantly associated with better OS (HR = 0.19 (95% CI, 0.06-0.59), P = 0.0044) and PFS (HR = 0.20 (95% CI, 0.08-0.49), P = 0.0005) than HRR wild-type, while HRR subclonal mutations were not associated with prognosis. Moreover, HRR clonal mutations were associated with significantly higher chemotherapy sensitive rate (P = 0.0027) and longer PFI (HR = 0.20 (95% CI, 0.08-0.49), P = 0.0005) than HRR wild-type, while HRR subclonal mutations were not. We validated our findings using an independent cohort of 93 ovarian cancer patients that received platinum-based chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: HRR clonal mutations, but not subclonal mutations, were associated with improved survival, chemotherapy response, and genome instability compared with HRR wild-type.

9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(5): 557-64, 2020 May 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394667

RESUMEN

The data mining technology was used to explore the acupoint selection rules for reflux esophagitis (RE), so as to provide references of clinical acupuncture for RE. The clinical literature of acupuncture for RE published before June 2019 was searched in Chinese journal full-text database (CNKI), SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases. The literature was selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The software of IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 and Clementine 12.0 were used for descriptive analysis and association analysis. A total of 46 articles were selected and 60 acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The descriptive analysis indicated that the top five acupoints used for RE were Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Weishu (BL 21), Neiguan (PC 6) and Gongsun (SP 4). The conception vessel, bladder meridian and stomach meridian were the most commonly selected meridians. In terms of specific acupoints, the crossing points, the front-mu points and five-shu points were mainly selected, and the acupoints were mainly distributed in limbs and chest-abdomen. The core acupoint combination for RE was "Zhongwan (CV 12) and Zusanli (ST 36)" and the core prescription was "Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Weishu (BL 21) and Neiguan (PC 6)".

10.
Depress Anxiety ; 2020 May 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400075

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Internet addiction is common, but its relationship with suicide attempts is rarely reported among Chinese college students. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of internet addiction among Chinese college students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 8,098 college students in Hunan province, China. We collected the following data: demographic variables, suicidal behaviors, internet addiction (Revised Chinese Internet Addiction Scale), depression (Self-reporting Depression Scale), and anxiety (Self-Rating Anxiety Scale). RESULTS: The prevalence of internet addiction was 7.7% in these Chinese college students. Logistic regression analysis showed that good relationship with mother (1.730 [1.075, 2.784]), good relationship with father (0.615 [0.427, 0.885]), family history of mental disorders (2.291 [1.122, 4.676]), anxiety (1.987 [1.382, 2.857]), depression (2.016 [1.384, 2.937]), suicidal ideation (2.266 [1.844, 2.784]), and suicide attempts (1.672 [1.258, 2.224]) were independent correlates for internet addiction, the adjusted R square for this model is 13.7%. Furthermore, the prevalence of suicide attempts among internet addiction participants was 21.4%, and anxiety (3.397 [1.058, 10.901]), suicidal ideation (26.984 [11.538, 63.112]), and suicide plans (8.237 [3.888, 17.451]) were the independent predictors for suicide attempts, the adjusted R square for this model is 51.6%. CONCLUSION: Our results show that internet addiction is common among Chinese college students. In addition, suicide attempts are very common among internet addicts, suggesting that special measures and attention should be provided to these students according to risk factors to prevent their suicidal behavior.

12.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2020 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430850

RESUMEN

It is recognized that HIV-1 capsid cores are disassembled in the cytoplasm, releasing their genomes into the nucleus through nuclear pores, but there is also evidence showing the capsid (CA) exists in the nucleus. Whether HIV-1 enters the nucleus and how it enters the nucleus through the undersized nuclear pore remains mysterious. Based on multicolor labeling and real-time imaging of the viral and cellular components, our observations via light and electron microscopy suggest that HIV-1 selectively gathered at the microtubule organization center (MTOC), leading the nearby nuclear envelope (NE) to undergo deformation, invagination and restoration to form a nuclear vesicle in which the viral particles were wrapped; then, the inner membrane of the nuclear vesicle ruptured to release HIV-1 into the nucleus. This unexpected discovery expands our understanding of the complexity of HIV-1 nuclear entry, which may provide new insights to HIV-1 virology.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413493

RESUMEN

This study was to explore the impacts of water-soluble chitosan and mixed probiotics on growth performance, intestinal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and immunity and ammonia resistance in Litopenaeus vannamei. Shrimp were fed one of four experimental diets including basal diet (CON), 0.10% water-soluble chitosan diet (WSC), 0.30% mixed probiotics (MP) and 0.10% water-soluble chitosan +0.30% mixed probiotics (SYN) for 8 weeks. Results showed shrimp fed with dietary MP and SYN diets could significantly improve growth performance and feed utilization in comparison with those of shrimp fed with CON diet (P < 0.05). Acetic acid content was significantly higher in shrimp fed with all supplemented diets compared to that in shrimp fed with CON diet (P < 0.05). Compared to shrimp fed with CON diet, dietary WSC and MP significantly influenced the contents and/or activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total protein (TP), superoxide dismutase (SOD), lysozyme (LZM) in serum, SOD, malondialdehyde (MDA), acid phosphatase (ACP) in hepatopancreas and SOD and MDA in intestine. In addition, the gene expression levels of prophenoloxidase (proPO), penaiedin 3a (Pen-3a), crustin (Crustin), serine proteinase (SP), GPX and SOD in hepatopancreas, were significantly upregulated compared to those in CON diet at some time points (P < 0.05). Significantly higher survival rate in all supplemented diets were observed after ammonia challenge (P < 0.05). Therefore, the above results indicated dietary WSC and MP or SYN could enhance intestinal SCFAs content, stimulated antioxidant capacity and immune response, and increase the ammonia resistance of Litopenaeus vannamei. Besides, the growth performance was also improved by dietary MP and SYN.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422266

RESUMEN

In this study, two pectic polysaccharides from stems of Codonopsis pilosula (CPSP-1) and C. tangshen (CTSP-1) were obtained by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The molecular weight of CPSP-1 and CTSP-1 were 13.1 and 23.0 kDa, respectively. The results of structure elucidation indicated that both CPSP-1 and CTSP-1 are pectic polysaccharides with long homogalacturonan regions (HG) (some of galacturonic acid units were methyl esterified) and rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) regions. Side chains for CTSP-1 are both arabinogalactan type I (AG-I) and type II (AG-II), while CPSP-1 only has AG-II. The biological test demonstrated that CPSP-1 and CTSP-1 displayed an antioxidant property through mediating the intestinal cellular antioxidant defense system, which could protect cultured intestinal cells from oxidative stress induced oxidative damages and cell viability suppression. CPSP-1 and CTSP-I showed different bioactivities and mechanisms, which may be due to the difference in their structures.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8072, 2020 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415245

RESUMEN

This study was to quantitatively investigate the role of morphological and functional parameters of the left atrium (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA) with 256-slice spiral computed tomography (CT) in the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Eighty-three patients with AF who underwent RFA for the first time were divided into the recurrence (n = 27) and non-recurrence (n = 56) groups. All patients underwent a 256-slice spiral CT examination before the operation. The clinical data and quantitative measurement of the morphology and functional parameters of the LA and LAA were analyzed, including the maximal and minimal volume, ejection fraction and volume, and volume strain of LAA and LA (LAAVmax, LAAVmin, LAAEF, LAAEV, and LAA-VS, LAVmax, LAVmin, LAEF, LAEV and LA-VS, respectively). The CHA2DS2-VASc score and the proportion of patients with heart failure were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the recurrence than non-recurrence group. The LAAVmax, LAAVmin, LAVmax, LAVmin, LAAV and LAV were all significantly greater in the recurrence than non-recurrence group (P < 0.05), and the perimeter, major and minor axes of LAA orifice and LAA depth were also significantly greater in the recurrence than non-recurrence group. The LAAEF, LAEF and LAA-VS were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the recurrence than non-recurrence group (P < 0.05). Heart failure, CHA2DS2-VASC score, LAEF, LAV, LAAEF and LAA-VS were univariately significant (P < 0.05) risk factors for AF recurrence after ablation. Multivariate analysis revealed LAAEF (HR: 0.790, 95% CI: 0.657-0.950, P = 0.012) and LAAV (HR: 1.160, 95% CI: 1.095-1.229, P <0.001) to be two significant independent predictors of recurrence. ROC curve analysis showed that LAAEF <44.68% had the highest predictive value for recurrence after radiofrequency ablation, with the sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 67.4%, whereas LAA volume >9.25 ml had the highest predictive value for AF recurrence after RFA, with the sensitivity of 85.2% and specificity of 67.9%. In conclusion, the volume of left atrium, volume and morphology of left atrial appendage have all significantly increased while the ejection fraction and volume strain of left atrium and left atrial appendage have both significantly decreased in recurrence than in non-recurrence after radiofrequency ablation. The ejection fraction and volume of left atrial appendage are significant independent predictors of atrial fibrillation recurrence after radiofrequency ablation.

16.
Psychosom Med ; 82(4): 359-365, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358324

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is known to affect memory function, but little is known about its impact on executive function. This study aimed to determine whether a history of DKA was associated with changes in executive function in children with T1DM. METHODS: The sample consisted of 99 patients with T1DM with histories of DKA, 82 patients with T1DM without DKA, and 100 healthy controls aged 7 to 18 years. Neuropsychological function and emotion assessments were performed in all participants. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) was used to assess executive function. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, the DKA group (but not the non-DKA group) had a significantly lower mean intelligence quotient (IQ; p = .006, Cohen d = 0.528) and a significantly higher rate of WCST perseverative errors (p = .006, Cohen d = 0.475). In the DKA group, the age at DKA onset was significantly associated with the IQ (p = .001) and the number of completed WCST categories (p = .046). Higher hemoglobin A1c levels were associated significantly with lower IQ (p < .001), increased rate of WCST perseverative errors (p = .015), and completion of fewer WCST categories (p = .027). CONCLUSIONS: DKA has implications for executive function in children with T1DM. These findings emphasize the importance of DKA prevention in patients with known T1DM, especially younger children with newly diagnosed T1DM.

17.
Brief Bioinform ; 2020 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363380

RESUMEN

Competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) represents a novel layer of gene regulation that controls both physiological and pathological processes. However, there is still lack of computational tools for quickly identifying ceRNA regulation. To address this problem, we presented an R-package, CeRNASeek, which allows identifying and analyzing ceRNA-ceRNA interactions by integration of multiple-omics data. CeRNASeek integrates six widely used computational methods to identify ceRNA-ceRNA interactions, including two global and four context-specific ceRNA regulation prediction methods. In addition, it provides several downstream analyses for predicted ceRNA-ceRNA pairs, including regulatory network analysis, functional annotation and survival analysis. With examples of cancer-related ceRNA prioritization and cancer subtyping, we demonstrate that CeRNASeek is a valuable tool for investigating the function of ceRNAs in complex diseases. In summary, CeRNASeek provides a comprehensive and efficient tool for identifying and analysis of ceRNA regulation. The package is available on the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN) at https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=CeRNASeek.

18.
Diagn Pathol ; 15(1): 55, 2020 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408908

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been demonstrated to exert crucial mediators in tumor initiation and development. Nevertheless, the roles of circKIF4A in breast cancer (BC) are still not very clear. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to determine the expression of circKIF4A, miR-152, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) mRNA and caspase-3. Western blot assay was utilized to examine the protein level of ZEB1. Transwell assay and flow-cytometric analysis were adopted for the evaluation of cell migration, invasion and apoptosis, respectively. The associations among circKIF4A, miR-152 and ZEB1 were predicted by online websites and verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. RESULTS: CircKIF4A and ZEB1 were conspicuously upregulated and miR-152 was markedly reduced in BC tissues and cells. Deficiency of circKIF4A repressed migration, invasion and induced apoptosis of BC cells. Moreover, circKIF4A was confirmed to be a sponge of miR-152 and miR-152 could bind to ZEB1. MiR-152 inhibition or ZEB1 overexpression abolished the impacts of circKIF4A knockdown on cell migration, invasion and apoptosis in BC. CONCLUSION: Silencing of circKIF4A hampered cell metastasis and promoted apoptosis by regulating ZEB1 via sponging miR-152 in BC.

19.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300939

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) cholecystectomy is an emerging technology. Interest is ongoing and developments have been rapid but NOTES cholecystectomy has failed to gain traction. Here, we share our experience of snare-assisted pure NOTES retrograde cholecystectomy using porcine models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Under general anesthesia, an incision was created on the posterior vagina wall and an endoscope with a snare attached to the transparent cap was introduced into the pelvic cavity and then upward into peritoneal cavity. After locating the liver and gallbladder, the fundic wall of gallbladder was grasped using a biopsy forceps and the snare was released to ligate the fundus. The gallbladder was then carefully dissected from the gallbladder bed using hook/IT knives with the assistance of the snare. The cystic duct and cystic artery were identified, clipped twice and isolated from the gallbladder using the hook knife to cut between the clips. The specimen was then removed through the vagina using the snare. RESULTS: This procedure was successfully performed in 8 consecutive pigs. The average procedure time was 53 min (range 40-60 min). No severe bleeding or other complication was observed either during or after the procedure. Normal diets were given on the same day of the procedure. All animals recovered uneventfully. CONCLUSION: We successfully performed snare-assisted pure NOTES retrograde cholecystectomy in pigs using standard endoscopic instruments. In our experience, pure NOTES cholecystectomy using the retrograde approach performed with a single channel flexible endoscope proved safe and feasible with a short procedure time and quick recovery. The translation of this technique to human subjects seems straight forward and provides a new fitting path to pure NOTES.

20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32330344

RESUMEN

Porous materials, especially the metal-organic frameworks, covalent organic frameworks and supramolecular organic frameworks are widely used in the fields of heterogeneous catalysis, adsorption, and ion exchange. Cucurbit[ n ]urils (Q[ n ]s) are expected to become basic building units because they possess neutral electrostatic potential cavities, negative electrostatic potential portal carbonyls and positive electrostatic potential outer surfaces, which may result in the formation of Q[ n ]-based supramolecular frameworks (QSFs) assembled through the inclusion of Q[ n ]s with guests, the coordination of Q[ n ]s with metal ions and the outer surface interaction of Q[ n ]s (OSIQ). This review summarizes the various QSFs assembled via OSIQs, and the QSFs can be classified as being assembled by i) self-induced OSIQ; ii) anion-induced OSIQ and iii) aromatic-induced OSIQ. The design and construction of QSFs through OSIQs with novel structures and specific functional properties may establish a new research direction in Q[ n ] chemistry.

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