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1.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(2): 81-89, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641787

RESUMEN

We isolated a novel lectin (AHL) from Artocarpus hypargyreusHance and showed its immunomodulatory activities. In this study, the amino acid sequence of AHL was determined by cDNA sequencing. AHL cDNA (875bp) contains a 456-bp open reading frame (ORF), which encodes a protein with 151 amino acids. AHL is a new member of jacalin-related lectin family (JRLs), which share high sequence similarities to KM+ and Morniga M, and contain the conserved carbohydrate binding domains. The antitumor activity of AHL was also explored using Jurkat T cell lines. AHL exhibits a strong binding affinity to cell membrane, which can be effectively inhibited by methyl-α-D-galactose. AHL inhibits cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner through apoptosis, evidenced by morphological changes, phosphatidylserine externalization, poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, Bad and Bax up-regulation, and caspase-3 activation. We further showed that the activation of ERK and p38 signaling pathways is involved for the pro-apoptotic effect of AHL.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(2): 157, 2021 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542188

RESUMEN

The homeobox protein cut-like 1 (CUX1) comprises three isoforms and has been shown to be involved in the development of various types of malignancies. However, the expression and role of the CUX1 isoforms in glioma remain unclear. Herein, we first identified that P75CUX1 isoform exhibited consistent expression among three isoforms in glioma with specifically designed antibodies to identify all CUX1 isoforms. Moreover, a significantly higher expression of P75CUX1 was found in glioma compared with non-tumor brain (NB) tissues, analyzed with western blot and immunohistochemistry, and the expression level of P75CUX1 was positively associated with tumor grade. In addition, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that P75CUX1 could serve as an independent prognostic indicator to identify glioma patients with poor overall survival. Furthermore, CUX1 knockdown suppressed migration and invasion of glioma cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, this study found that P75CUX1 regulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process mediated via ß-catenin, and CUX1/ß-catenin/EMT is a novel signaling cascade mediating the infiltration of glioma. Besides, CUX1 was verified to promote the progression of glioma via multiple other signaling pathways, such as Hippo and PI3K/AKT. In conclusion, we suggested that P75CUX1 could serve as a potential prognostic indicator as well as a novel treatment target in malignant glioma.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8854292, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628822

RESUMEN

Purpose: The study is aimed at assessing the role of preoperative computerised tomography (CT) examination in the quality of reduction and outcomes in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture. Methods: The elderly patients with an intertrochanteric fracture who were treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation were included. The patients were divided into the CT group and the no-CT group according to the presence of preoperative CT examination. Patients' baseline characteristics, quality of reduction, and function were recorded at follow-up. Functional outcomes were evaluated using the Harris hip scores (HHS). Results: Totally, the study included 182 patients with intertrochanteric fractures, with 85 in the CT group and 97 in the no-CT group, admitted between January 2018 and June 2019. There was no difference in the quality of reduction, HHS, the fracture healing, or postoperative complications between the CT group and the no-CT group. However, the CT group experienced the shorter mean operative time and blood transfusion, compared to the no-CT group. Conclusions: The preoperative CT examination seems to be excessive for elderly patients with an intertrochanteric fracture.

6.
Neurol Sci ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523317

RESUMEN

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has been used for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) patients to prevent relapses in several studies. However, efficacy of the rescue treatment of IVIG was just assessed in a small sample research. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of IVIG in NMOSD as a rescue treatment and whether it could reduce the relapse rate. We retrospectively reviewed patients with NMOSD in the First and Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. Clinical parameters were extracted from the medical records, such as expanded disability scale score (EDSS) and time to next relapse. Thirty-one events of 20 NMOSD patients were included in the intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMT) + IVIG group and 72 events of 39 patients in the IVMT group. IVMT therapy combined with IVIG could improve the neurological disability when discharged (p < 0.001), whereas patients first attacked did not show a similar trend. Patients who were treated with IVMT + IVIG (17.39 ± 2.75 months) show a longer time to next relapse compared to patients who were treated with IVMT (9.50 ± 0.79 months) (log rank test p = 0.002), especially in relapsed patients or anti-aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab) seropositive patients. IVIG might be helpful for NMOSD patients as the rescue treatment and might bring a longer remission, especially for patients with relapse and AQP4-ab seropositive patients.

7.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524006

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis initiation/recovery after treatment and to identify predictive risk factors for noninitiation/recovery. METHODS: A total of 127 consecutive suprasellar germ cell tumor (GCT) patients managed at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (2006-2019) were retrospectively analyzed. Prepubertal patients (followed up until 13 years of age for girls and 14 years of age for boys) and patients with HPG dysfunction (followed up for 2 years) were divided into the initiation/recovery and noninitiation/recovery groups. RESULTS: Of 127 suprasellar GCT patients, 75 met the follow-up criteria, and 28 (37.3%) of whom experienced HPG axis initiation/recovery. Compared to the noninitiation/recovery group, the initiation/recovery group included more males and had shorter delayed diagnosis times, smaller tumor sizes, lower panhypopituitarism rates, thinner pituitary stalk widths, lower visual deficit rates, and higher serum testosterone and estradiol levels. The cutoff values of pituitary stalk width, tumor size, and delayed diagnosis time used to predict noninitiation/recovery were 6.9 mm, 6.9 mm and 1.7 years, respectively. Tumor size ≥6.9 mm (odds ratio (OR) = 7.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.2-25.8, P = 0.001), panhypopituitarism (OR = 5.0, 95% CI 1.4-17.6, P = 0.013), and delayed diagnosis time ≥1.7 years (OR = 5.7, 95% CI 1.5-20.7, P = 0.009) were risk factors for noninitiation/recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Among suprasellar GCT patients, nearly one-third of prepubertal patients and patients with HPG dysfunction experience HPG axis initiation/recovery after treatment. Tumor size ≥6.9 mm, panhypopituitarism, and delayed diagnosis time ≥1.7 years were identified as predictive risk factors for noninitiation/recovery.

8.
NPJ Precis Oncol ; 5(1): 6, 2021 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580130

RESUMEN

Characterizing the evolutionary trajectory and immune profiling of brain metastasis (BM) may provide insights in the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Here, we performed whole-exome sequencing and multiplex immunofluorescence (MIF) of 40 samples from 12 lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients with BM and compared to their paired primary tumors. We observed significantly higher intertumor heterogeneity between paired primary tumors and BMs, with only a median of 8.3% of genetic mutations identified as shared. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that BM-competent clones genetically diverged from their primary tumors at relatively early stage, suggesting that the parallel progression model is dominant. In cases with synchronous lymph node metastasis (LNM), phylogenetic analysis suggested that BM is a later event than LNM. MIF analysis found that BMs exhibited significantly lower CD8+ T cell infiltration (P = 0.048), and elevated CD4+Foxp3+ T cell infiltration (P = 0.036) and PD-1 expression (P = 0.047) in comparison to the matched primary tumors, indicating an immunosuppressive microenvironment in BMs. The current study revealed the discrepancy of mutational landscape as well as tumor immune microenvironment between BM and its primary tumor - such findings shall help us better understand the unique biological features of BM and develop innovative strategies accordingly for our patients with LUAD.

9.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(1): 108-117, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582914

RESUMEN

Microtubule-associated serine/threonine kinase (MASTL) functions to regulate chromosome condensation and mitotic progression. Therefore, aberrant MASTL expression is commonly implicated in various human cancers. This study analyzed MASTL expression in gastric cancer vs. adjacent normal tissue for elucidating the association with clinicopathological data from patients. This work was then extended to investigate the effects of MASTL knockdown on tumor cells in vitro. The level of MASTL expression in gastric cancer tissue was assessed from the UALCAN, GEPIA, and Oncomine online databases. Lentivirus carrying MASTL or negative control shRNA was infected into gastric cancer cells. RT-qPCR, Western blotting, cell viability, cell counting, flow cytometric apoptosis and cell cycle, and colony formation assays were performed. MASTL was upregulated in gastric cancer tissue compared to the adjacent normal tissue, and the MASTL expression was associated with advanced tumor stage, Helicobacter pylori infection and histological subtypes. On the other hand, knockdown of MASTL expression significantly reduced tumor cell viability and proliferation, and arrested cell cycle at G2/M stage but promoted tumor cells to undergo apoptosis. At protein level, knockdown of MASTL expression enhanced levels of cleaved PARP1, cleaved caspase-3, Bax and p-ERK1/2 expression, but downregulated expression levels of BCL-2 and p-NF-κB-p65 protein in AGS and MGC-803 cells. MASTL overexpression in gastric cancer tissue may be associated with gastric cancer development and progression, whereas knockdown of MASTL expression reduces tumor cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. Further study will evaluate MASTL as a potential target of gastric cancer therapeutic strategy.

10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591714

RESUMEN

The highly reactive nature and rough surface of Li foil can lead to the uncontrollable formation of Li dendrites when employed as an anode in a lithium metal battery. Thus, it could be of great practical utility to create uniform, electrochemically stable, and "lithiophilic" surfaces to realize homogeneous deposition of Li. Herein, a LiZn alloy layer is deposited on the surface of Li foil by e-beam evaporation. The idea is to introduce a uniform alloy surface to increase the active area and make use of the Zn sites to induce homogeneous nucleation of Li. The results show that the alloy film protected the Li metal anode, allowing for a longer cycling life with a lower deposition overpotential over a pure-Li metal anode in symmetric Li cells. Furthermore, full cells pairing the modified lithium anode with a LiFePO4 cathode showed an incremental increase in Coulombic efficiency compared with pure-Li. The concept of using only an alloy modifying layer by an in-situ e-beam deposition synthesis method offers a potential method for enabling lithium metal anodes for next-generation lithium batteries.

11.
Neurol Sci ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598798

RESUMEN

BACKGROUNDS: Beta-2-microglobulin (ß2-MG) levels vary in many infectious and autoimmune diseases. We investigated plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ß2-MG levels in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and their correlations with clinical parameters. METHODS: CSF samples from 50 patients with GBS including 19 acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), 6 acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN), 10 acute motor-sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN), 7 Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS), and 8 unclassified patients were collected. Moreover, 23 CSF samples from patients with non-inflammatory neurological disorders (NIND) as controls were collected. Plasma samples from 42 enrolled patients and 29 healthy individuals were also collected. The ß2-MG levels were measured by immunoturbidimetry on automatic biochemical analyser. Besides, clinical data were extracted from electronic patient documentation system. RESULTS: CSF levels of ß2-MG, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and lactate were significantly increased in patients with GBS (p = 0.004, p = 0.041, p = 0.040, respectively), particularly in patients with AIDP (p < 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.015, respectively), whereas no statistically significant difference was found in plasma levels of ß2-MG. Furthermore, CSF levels of ß2-MG were positively correlated with Hughes functional score (r = 0.493, p = 0.032), LDH (r = 0.796, p < 0.001), and lactate (r = 0.481, p = 0.037) but not with protein (r = - 0.090, p = 0.713) in AIDP patients. CONCLUSIONS: CSF ß2-MG levels may help identify AIDP and indicate clinical severity. CSF LDH and lactate levels correlate with CSF ß2-MG levels; interaction among these biomarkers would need further investigation.

12.
Exp Physiol ; 106(3): 653-662, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450102

RESUMEN

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Does danthron alleviate experimental atherosclerosis by inhibiting the formation of foam cells? What are the main findings and their importance? Danthron improved serum lipid profiles and significantly reduced the atherosclerotic plaque areas and lipid accumulation in the aortic root of ApoE-/- mice. Danthron inhibited foam cell formation in oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, danthron exerted its function in atherosclerosis at least partly through activating the AMP-activated protein kinase-sirtuin 1 signalling pathway. These findings suggest that danthron has the potential to alleviate atherosclerosis. ABSTRACT: Danthron, an ingredient isolated from Rheum palmatum L., has been revealed to reduce lipid accumulation in vitro. This study aimed to discover the effects of danthron on the development of atherosclerosis and to delineate the underlying mechanisms. For in vivo studies, male ApoE-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet and orally treated with danthron (30 or 60 mg/kg/day) for 12 weeks. For in vitro studies, RAW264.7 cells were induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 50 µg/ml) for 48 h and subsequently administered danthron at appropriate concentrations for 24 h. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor compound C was added to ox-LDL-stimulated RAW264.7 cells 2 h before danthron administration to confirm the role of the AMPK signalling pathway in the regulation by danthron of foam cell formation. We found that danthron improved serum lipid profiles, and significantly reduced atherosclerotic plaque areas and lipid accumulation in the aortic root of atherosclerotic mice. Moreover, danthron upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), ABCG1 and liver X receptor α (LXRα), which play a crucial role in lipid metabolism, and activated the AMPK-sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) pathway. In an in vitro study, danthron inhibited foam cell formation in ox-LDL-induced RAW264.7 macrophages with an increase in the expression of ABCA1, ABCG1 and LXRα as well as activation of the AMPK-SIRT1 pathway. Furthermore, compound C abolished the effects of danthron on lipid accumulation and the protein expression of ABCA1/G1 and LXRα in vitro. Our results highlight that danthron possesses potential benefits in alleviating experimental atherosclerosis by targeting foam cell formation by activating the AMPK-SIRT1 signalling pathway.

13.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514873

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Though tea drinking years and menopause stages have been indicated to be related with bone mineral density (BMD), most human studies have not considered the impact of tea drinking beginning time. Whether drinking tea before or after menopause plays a role in BMD is still unclear. This study aims to analyze whether drinking tea before or after menopause influences BMD in Chinese postmenopausal women. METHODS: A total of 1377 postmenopausal women under 80 years were enrolled from the baseline survey of the Lanxi Cohort Study. Participants were initially categorized into non-tea drinking, tea drinking beginning after menopause and tea drinking beginning before menopause groups. Tea drinking groups were subdivided according to tea drinking frequency, concentration and type. Multiple linear regression models were applied to evaluate associations between tea drinking before or after menopause and BMD and the impacts of tea drinking frequency, concentration and type on their associations in analyses including all participants. Interactions of tea drinking frequency, concentration and type with drinking tea before or after menopause were further analyzed. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounding factors, women who began drinking tea before menopause had significantly higher total and regional BMD than non-tea drinking participants and participants who began drinking tea after menopause. Differences in spine BMD were more significant among those who drank tea ≥four times per week. In addition, significant associations between tea drinking and BMD were found among participants who began drinking tea before menopause in both models, irrespective of the concentration and type of tea. No significant associations were found in subgroups of participants who began drinking tea after menopause in either model. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that drinking tea before menopause is related to higher BMD in Chinese postmenopausal women. The relationship is independent of tea drinking concentration and type.

14.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 164: 112020, 2021 Jan 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513542

RESUMEN

The operation of coastal nuclear power plants and thermal power plants (CNATPPs) can cause regional sea surface temperature (SST) increases. To assess their effects on coastal ecosystems, the scope and extent of their impacts must be understood. We aimed to quantitatively assess the SST increases caused by thermal discharge under climate warming by comparing SSTs between control and test groups and among different offshore buffer zones based on daily MODIS SST data from 2002 to 2017. The results showed that (1) a good correlation occurred between the CNATPP installed capacity and SST increase in the 0-2 km offshore waters; (2) the SST increase caused by thermal discharge was the largest in summer and the smallest in winter; and (3) the effect of thermal discharge occurred within 2 km offshore when the installed capacity exceeded 2000 MW and extended to 5 km when it reaches more than 4000 MW.

15.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398718

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pseudogenes are defined as key regulators in cancer initiation and progression. But their biological function and clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain to be elucidated. In the current study, we identified a novel pseudogene, Annexin A2 pseudogene 1 (ANXA2P1), in HCC and explored its underlining molecular mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the expression pattern of ANXA2P1 in a TCGA dataset and an HCC sample cohort and evaluated its clinical significance. The biological effects on HCC cells proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Transwell assay and Western blot, respectively. The ANXA2P1/miR-376a-3p/ANXA2 axis was determined by bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assays. ANXA2P1 exerted as an oncogene that was significantly overexpressed in HCC tissues and was associated with disease progression and unfavorable prognosis of HCC patients. ANXA2P1 knockdown suppressed cell growth, cell migration and invasion and reversed EMT phenotype in HCC. Mechanistically, ANXA2P1 acts as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-376a-3p, thereby leading to the upregulation of its cognate gene ANXA2. CONCLUSIONS: ANXA2P1/miR-376a-3p/ANXA2 axis plays an important role in the progression of HCC. Our findings may provide valuable therapeutic target for treating HCC.

16.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 87-91, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474895

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the level of job satisfaction and work engagement of physicians in public hospitals, to analyze the interaction between job satisfaction and work engagement, and to discuss how each dimension of job satisfaction affects work engagement so as to provide information and reference for improving the level of work engagement of physicians in public hospitals. Methods: Covering 6 public hospitals in Sichuan (3 tertiary-level hospitals and 3 secondary-level hospitals), 638 questionnaires were obtained from physicians through convenient sampling for data description and analysis. Pearson correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between job satisfaction and work engagement, and multiple linear stepwise regression method was used to analyze work engagement and the influencing factors of each dimension. Results: With regard to job satisfaction, physicians showed high levels of satisfaction in personal safety (3.77±0.87), leadership identification and support (3.59±0.77), and job pressure (3.51±0.81). The mean points of work engagement and each dimension were as follows: total mean points of work engagement (4.02±0.99), dedication (4.21±1.13), absorption (4.19±1.08) and vigor (3.63±1.04). In job satisfaction, salary and benefits, work environment, social recognition, organizational management, leadership identification and support are positively correlated to work engagement and all dimensions. In job satisfaction, 5 dimensions, including social recognition, leadership recognition and support, work achievement, personal safety and organizational management, had a significant influence on work engagement and all dimensions. Conclusion: Emphasis on the high-level needs for recognition and self-actualization of doctors, doctor-patient communication, and personal development of doctors may improve doctors' job satisfaction and work engagement.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Médicos , Estudios Transversales , Hospitales Públicos , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Compromiso Laboral
17.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2001, 2021 Jan 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479417

RESUMEN

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a complicated maternally inherited disorder lacking of sensitive and specific biomarkers. The objective of this study was to investigate the serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) as a novel biomarker of neurological dysfunction in MELAS. Patients with different status of MELAS were enrolled in this study. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was given to the participants to evaluate cognition status. Multiple functional MRI was performed on the participants. Blood samples were collected and the serum NfL concentrations were determined by the single-molecule array technology (Simoa). This study enrolled 23 patients with MELAS, 15 people in the acute attack phase of MELAS and 10 people in the remission phase, including 2 patients in both acute attack and remission phase. Sixteen healthy controls (HCs) were also enrolled. Serum NfL level increased significantly in patients with MELAS. Serum NfL level in the acute attack group (146.73 [120.91-411.31] pg/ml, median [IQR]) was higher than in the remission group (40.31 [19.54-151.05] pg/ml, median [IQR]) and HCs group (7.70 [6.13-9.78] pg/ml, median [IQR]) (p < 0.05). The level of NfL in the remission phase group was higher than in HCs group (p < 0.05). A negative correlation was found between the serum NfL level and MMSE (p = 0.006, r = -0.650). The NfL concentration correlated positively with stroke-like lesion volume in the brain (r = 0.740, p < 0.001). Serum NfL may serve as a novel biomarker for the neurological dysfunction in MELAS patients.

18.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494127

RESUMEN

Purpose: This study assessed the correlation between EBV biomarkers and the 8th American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system and the prognostic values of IgG antibodies against replication and transcription activator (Rta-IgG), and IgA antibodies against Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen1 (EBNA1-IgA) and BamH1 Z transactivator (Zta-IgA) in locoregionally advanced NPC patients. Materials and Methods: Serum EBV antibody levels were measured by ELISA in 435 newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC patients administered intensity-modulated radiation therapy±chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were positively correlated with the N stage and clinical stage. Patients with high Rta-IgG levels (>29.07 U/mL) showed a significantly inferior prognosis as indicated by progression-free survival (PFS) (77% vs. 89.8%, p=0.004), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (88.3% vs. 95.8%, P=0.021), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) (91.2% vs. 98.3%, p=0.009). High Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS and LRFS in multivariable analyses. In the low-level EBV DNA group (≤1500 copies/ml), patients with high Rta-IgG levels had significantly inferior PFS and DMFS (both p<0.05). However, in the high-level EBV DNA group, Rta-IgG levels were not significantly associated with PFS, DMFS, and LRFS. In the advanced T stage (T3-4) subgroup, high Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS, DMFS and LRFS (both p<0.05). Conclusion: Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were strongly correlated with the TNM classification. Rta-IgG level was a negative prognostic factor in locoregionally advanced NPC patients, especially those with advanced T stage or low EBV DNA level.

19.
Mov Disord ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502774

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Wilson disease is a rare, disabling, neurological genetic disease. Biomarkers of brain damage are less well developed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein as a biomarker for neurological involvement in patients with Wilson disease. METHODS: This prospective cross-observational study compared plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein concentration among different subtypes of patients with Wilson disease and healthy control subjects. Plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein levels were measured in 94 patients and 25 healthy control subjects. Patients were divided into two subtypes: patients with neurological manifestations (n = 74) or hepatic manifestations (n = 20). RESULTS: Median levels of plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein were significantly elevated in patients with neurological manifestations (143.87 pg/mL) compared with those with hepatic manifestations (107.50 pg/mL) and healthy control subjects (86.85 pg/mL). Receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that a plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein cutoff value of 128.8 pg/mL provides sufficient sensitivity (80.0%) and specificity (63.5%) to differentiate patients with neurological manifestations from those with hepatic manifestations. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma glial fibrillary acidic protein may serve as a biomarker for distinguishing different subtypes of Wilson disease. © 2021 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

20.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478780

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the serum levels of IL-27 and the percentages of IL-27-producing cells in MG patients with positive acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-MG). METHODS: A total of 17 AChR-MG patients and 22 sex- and age- matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. Serum IL-27 levels were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The percentages of IL-27+ cells, IL-27-producing T (CD3+IL-27+) cells, and IL-27-producing B (CD19+IL-27+) cells were measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Serum IL-27 levels in AChR-MG were significantly higher than those in HCs (13.44 ± 0.89 vs 7.14 ± 0.75 pg/mL, P < 0.0001), and were decreased after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment (P = 0.004). Moreover, the frequencies of IL-27+ lymphocytes were significantly elevated in AChR-MG patients than those in HCs (P = 0.011), and were decreased after IVIG treatment (P = 0.014). Furthermore, the frequencies of IL-27-producing T cells (P = 0.017) and IL-27-producing B cells (P = 0.015) were significantly elevated in AChR-MG patients as compared to those in HCs. Meanwhile, we observed positive correlations between the frequencies of IL-27+ lymphocytes and MG-ADL score (P = 0.030, r = 0.527). By contrast, no significant correlation was found between IL and 27 serum levels and MG-ADL score (P = 0.099, r = -0.414). CONCLUSION: IL-27 may play an important role in the pathological process in AChR-MG patients, and the frequencies of IL-27-producing (CD3+IL-27+) T cells may be a potential biomarker for predicting the severity of AChR-MG.

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