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1.
Zootaxa ; 5141(3): 227-248, 2022 May 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095792

RESUMEN

This paper is the fifth study of the subfamily Anabropsinae in China and contributes two new species from Guangxi, China, viz. Anabropsis (Apteranabropsis) multispinula sp. nov. (Chinese name: ) and Anabropsis (Apteranabropsis) shii sp. nov. (Chinese name: ). The paraproctal processes and male genitalia of Anabropsis (Apteranabropsis) tonkinensis Rehn, 1906 are illustrated. The entire mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of three species of Anabropsis were sequenced. The complete mitochondrial genomes of A. (Apteranabropsis) multispinula sp. nov., A. (Apteranabropsis) shii sp. nov. and A. (Apteranabropsis) guangxiensis were 16023 bp, 16087 bp and 16148 bp in length, respectively. Entire mitogenome and all protein-coding genes (PCGs) displayed high AT-content values. Besides A. (Pteranabropsis) carnarius and A. (Apteranabropsis) guangxiensis, other species of Anabropsis were not found repeated elements in the A+T-rich region. The phylogenetic relationships were constructed among nine samples of eight species of Anabropsis and two outgroups based on 13 PCGs using both Bayesian Inference (BI) and Maximum Likelihood (ML). The phylogenetic analysis did not support for the monophyly of subgenus Apteranabropsis. It's important to obtain more samples to derive accurate phylogenetic relationships.


Asunto(s)
Genoma Mitocondrial , Ortópteros , Animales , Teorema de Bayes , China , Masculino , Ortópteros/genética , Filogenia
2.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 1044-1051, 2022 Sep 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177557

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the treatment outcomes and risk factors of postoperative recurrence in T4a papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A total of 185 patients with locally advanced T4a PTC treated in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2006 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 127 females and 58 males, aged between 18 and 80 years, with 74 patients aged over 55 years. According to AJCC thyroid tumor staging, 111 cases were stage I (T4aN0M0 26 cases, T4aN1aM0 35 cases, and T4aN1bM0 50 cases) and 74 cases were stage Ⅲ (T4aN0M0 29 cases, T4aN1aM0 19 cases, and T4aN1bM0 26 cases). Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival and the recurrence-free rate, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses on the clinical data were performed. Results: Recurrent laryngeal nerve invasion was observed in 150 cases, trachea invasion in 61 cases, esophagus invasion in 30 cases, and laryngeal structure invasion in 10 cases. Postoperative follow-up periods were 24-144 months, with an average of 68.29 months. Of the 185 patients, 18 (9.73%) had recurrences or metastases, including 9 cases (4.86%) died of recurrences or metastases. The 5-year and 10-year overall survival rates were respectively 95.21% and 93.10%. The 5-year and 10-year disease-free survival rates were respectively 89.65% and 86.85%. Univariate analysis showed that age of onset, tumor diameter, preoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, esophageal invasion and cervical lymph node metastasis were the risk factors for postoperative recurrence of T4a PTC(all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (OR=3.27, 95%CI: 1.11-9.61, P=0.032) and lateral cervical lymph node metastasis (OR=4.71, 95%CI: 1.19-18.71, P=0.027) were independent risk factors for T4a PTC recurrence. Survival rate of patients with T4a PTC involving only the recurrent laryngeal nerve or the outer tracheal membrane was significantly better than that of patients with tracheal invasion (P<0.05). Conclusions: T4a PTC patients with R0 resection can still achieve good efficacy. Preoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and lateral cervical lymph node metastasis are independent risk factor for postoperative recurrence in the patients.

3.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221116031, 2022 Sep 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112902

RESUMEN

Periodontitis comprises a series of inflammatory responses resulting in alveolar bone loss. The suppression of osteogenesis of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) by inflammation is responsible for impaired alveolar bone regeneration, which remains an ongoing challenge for periodontitis therapy. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) belongs to the family of deubiquitinating enzymes, which was found to play roles in inflammation previously. In this study, the upregulation of UCHL1 was identified in inflamed PDLSCs isolated from periodontitis patients and in healthy PDLSCs treated with tumor necrosis factor-α or interleukin-1ß, and the higher expression level of UCHL1 was accompanied with the impaired osteogenesis of PDLSCs. Then UCHL1 was inhibited in PDLSCs using the lentivirus or inhibitor, and the osteogenesis of PDLSCs suppressed by inflammation was rescued by UCHL1 inhibition. Mechanistically, the negative effect of UCHL1 on the osteogenesis of PDLSCs was attributable to its negative regulation of mitophagy-dependent bone morphogenetic protein 2/Smad signaling pathway in periodontitis-associated inflammation. Furthermore, a ligature-induced murine periodontitis model was established, and the specific inhibitor of UCHL1 was administrated to periodontitis mice. The histological results showed increased active osteoblasts on alveolar bone surface and enhanced alveolar bone regeneration when UCHL1 was inhibited in periodontitis mice. Besides, the therapeutic effects of UCHL1 inhibition on ameliorating periodontitis were verified, as indicated by less bone loss and reduced inflammation. Altogether, our study proved UCHL1 to be a key negative regulator of the osteogenesis of PDLSCs in periodontitis and suggested that UCHL1 inhibition holds promise for alveolar bone regeneration in periodontitis treatment.

4.
Climacteric ; : 1-7, 2022 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179737

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the modulatory effects of menopause hormone therapy (MHT) on mood disorders among postmenopausal women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit postmenopausal women, including patients (arranged MHT for over 3 years as the medication group) and non-MHT controls. All participants were asked to respond to the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) questionnaires to assess their depression and anxiety status. RESULTS: A total of 230 cases from the two groups were determined based on propensity score matching analysis by matching the menopausal age and menopausal durations. We found that MHT served as a favorable modulator in the depression status of postmenopausal women. Among the four factors of the CES-D questionnaire, our data indicated that the differences between the two groups fell primarily into two aspects: depressive emotion, and somatic symptoms or retarded activities. MHT was mainly involved in improving the depression of overweight women. However, no substantial effects of MHT were observed on the regulation of anxiety. CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal women, especially the overweight population, who have experienced MHT exhibited an improved depressive status but not their anxiety condition.

5.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 190: 247-263, 2022 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964839

RESUMEN

Clinical studies have shown a significant positive correlation between age and the likelihood of being infected with SARS-CoV-2. This increased susceptibility is positively correlated with chronic inflammation and compromised neurocognitive functions. Postmortem analyses suggest that acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with systemic and lung hyperinflammation, can cause significant morbidity and mortality in COVID-19 patients. Supraphysiological supplemental oxygen, also known as hyperoxia, is commonly used to treat decreased blood oxygen saturation in COVID-19 patients. However, prolonged exposure to hyperoxia alone can cause oxygen toxicity, due to an excessive increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can overwhelm the cellular antioxidant capacity. Subsequently, this causes oxidative cellular damage and increased levels of aging biomarkers, such as telomere shortening and inflammaging. The oxidative stress in the lungs and brain can compromise innate immunity, resulting in an increased susceptibility to secondary lung infections, impaired neurocognitive functions, and dysregulated hyperinflammation, which can lead to ALI/ARDS, and even death. Studies indicate that lung inflammation is regulated by the central nervous system, notably, the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAIP), which is innervated by the vagus nerve and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChRs) on lung cells, particularly lung macrophages. The activation of α7nAChRs attenuates oxygen toxicity in the lungs and improves clinical outcomes by restoring hyperoxia-compromised innate immunity. Mechanistically, α7nAChR agonist (e.g., GAT 107 and GTS-21) can regulate redox signaling by 1) activating Nrf2, a master regulator of the antioxidant response and a cytoprotective defense system, which can decrease cellular damage caused by ROS and 2) inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB-mediated inflammatory response. Notably, GTS-21 has been shown to be safe and it improves neurocognitive functions in humans. Therefore, targeting the α7nAChR may represent a viable therapeutic approach for attenuating dysregulated hyperinflammation-mediated ARDS and sepsis in COVID-19 patients receiving prolonged oxygen therapy.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Pulmonar Aguda , COVID-19 , Hiperoxia , Neumonía , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Envejecimiento , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , COVID-19/terapia , Humanos , Hiperoxia/complicaciones , Hiperoxia/metabolismo , Pulmón/metabolismo , Oxígeno/metabolismo , Neumonía/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2 , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa 7/metabolismo
6.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(7): 504-509, 2022 Jul 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35902784

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effect of pelvic packing on the control of intractable postpartum hemorrhage after emergency perinatal hysterectomy (EPH). Methods: Eleven cases with complete clinical data of pelvic packing due to failure of hemostasis after EPH were collected to evaluate the outcome, complications, hospital stay of pregnant women, and to analyze the factors affecting the effect of pelvic packing. The cases included patients who were admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University after pelvic packing treatment in the other hospital due to continuous bleeding after EPH or who were referred to our hospital for pelvic packing treatment due to continuous bleeding after EPH from January 2014 to August 2021. Results: The median gestational week of 11 pregnant women was 38.3 weeks(38.0-39.9 weeks) , and the methods of termination of pregnancy were cesarean section in 7 cases (7/11) and vaginal delivery in 4 cases (4/11). The median time between postpartum hemorrhage and pelvic tamponade was 10 hours (5-57 hours), the median amount of bleeding was 8 500 ml(4 800-15 600 ml) , the median number of pelvic tamponade was 3 pieces (2-7 pieces), and the median retention time of gauze pad was 6.0 days (3.0-6.0 days). The median frequency of laparotomy in this pregnancy was 3 times (2-3 times), with a maximum of 4 among the 11 cases, the first pelvic packing was successful in hemostasis in 9 cases, and the final successful treatment in all of the 11 cases. All parturients had hemorrhagic shock (11/11) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (11/11) before pelvic packing. Other common complications were multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (9/11), cardiac arrest (4/11), deep vein thrombosis (3/11), septic shock (3/11), and intestinal obstruction (1/11). All parturients took out the gauze after the coagulation function returned to normal and there was no active bleeding. The recovery time of coagulation function in 11 cases was 3 days (3-5 days), the retention time of gauze pad was 6 days (3-6 days), the median length of stay in intensive care unit was 14 days (11-26 days), and the median total length of stay was 22 days (16-49 days). Conclusions: Pelvic packing could be used as a temporary strategy for intractable postpartum hemorrhage after EPH, which provides a key time for injury control resuscitation for patients with unstable vital signs. This technology provides an opportunity for referral to superior medical institutions and further treatment.

7.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 1590717, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35769513

RESUMEN

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver malignancy with poor prognosis worldwide. Emerging evidences demonstrated critical roles of lipid de novo synthesis in HCC progression, yet its regulatory mechanisms are not fully understood. Herein, we found that tuftelin 1 (TUFT1), an acidic phosphorylated glycoprotein with secretory capacity, was significantly upregulated in HCC and had an excellent correlation with patient survival and malignancy features. Through database mining and experimental validation, we found that TUFT1 was associated with fatty acid metabolism and promoted lipid accumulation in HCC cells. Further, we found that TUFT1 can interact with CREB1, a transcription factor for hepatic lipid metabolism, and regulate its activity and the transcriptions of key enzymes for lipogenesis. TUFT1 promoted HCC cell proliferation significantly, which was partially reversed by treatment of an inhibitor of CREB1, KG-501. Moreover, TUFT1 promoted the capacity of HCC cell invasion in vitro, which was likely mediated by its association with zyxin, a zinc-binding phosphoprotein responsible for the formation of fully mature focal adhesions on extracellular matrix. We found that TUFT1 can interact with ZYX and inhibit its expression and recruitments to focal complexes in HCC cells. Collectively, our study uncovered new regulatory mechanisms of TUFT1-mediated lipogenesis, cell proliferation, and invasion.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental , Adhesiones Focales , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental/metabolismo , Adhesiones Focales/metabolismo , Adhesiones Focales/patología , Humanos , Lipogénesis , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patología
8.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 902245, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35770061

RESUMEN

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a real disruption of children's lives. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their parents seem to be particularly vulnerable to adverse mental health effects due to lockdown policies. This study explores the psychological state of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and their parents during the first lockdown in France. A national prospective cross-sectional parent-reported study was conducted using an online survey disseminated through different social networks of French ADHD associations during the first lockdown. The survey consisted of open-ended, multiple-choice questions and standardized questionnaires such as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), the coping self-report questionnaire (Brief COPE) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). A total of 538 parents completed the online survey between the 6th and the 15th of April 2020. These results suggest that most children (65.29%) did not experience a worsening of their behavior but still had pathological levels of hyperactivity (56.47%) and behavioral (57.60%) symptoms at the time of the first lockdown. In addition, some parents (26.27%) showed responses indicating possible major depressive disorder. Positive parental coping strategies were associated with both improved child behavior and fewer parental depressive symptoms. Strengthening parents' coping strategies may be an effective intervention to protect both parents and children with ADHD from the negative psychological effects of lockdown. In times of pandemic, psychological care modalities must evolve to provide quality online interventions for families of children with ADHD.

9.
J Dairy Sci ; 105(8): 6601-6615, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35688738

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to investigate changes in the composition of mucosa-associated bacterial community, the morphology of the small intestinal epithelia, and the gene expressions of junction proteins and inflammatory cytokines in the small intestines of dairy cattle fed a high-grain (HG) diet. A total of 12 ruminally cannulated Holstein cows in mid-lactation were randomly fed either a conventional (CON) diet (40% concentrate, dry matter basis) or an HG diet (60% concentrate, dry matter basis) for 4 wk. At the end of the feeding trial, all the cows were slaughtered and then examined for changes in the small intestinal mucosa-associated bacterial communities using 16S full-length amplicon sequencing. Furthermore, the gene expression of tight junction proteins and inflammatory cytokines in the small intestinal epithelium were studied using real-time quantitative PCR. The results of nonmetric multidimensional scaling plots showed that an HG diet altered the composition of mucosa-associated bacterial communities in the jejunum and ileum. The HG feeding only increased the numbers of operational taxonomic units in the mucosa-associated bacterial community in the jejunum. At the genus level, the HG diet increased the abundance of uncultured Succinivibrionaceae and Lachnospiraceae incertae sedis in the duodenal mucosa, whereas the proportions of Veillonella and Selenomonas increased in the jejunal mucosa. Compared with the CON group, the proportions of Acetitomaculum in both the jejunal and the ileal mucosa were higher in the HG group. Analysis via PICRUSt2 (version 2.2.0-b) suggested that the HG diet increased the abundance of genes related to biodegradation of xenobiotics in the jejunal mucosa and the abundance of genes related to immune disease in the ileal mucosa. Additionally, the group fed an HG diet had higher concentrations of lipopolysaccharides in the jejunal and ileal digesta. The HG feeding caused a downregulation of the mRNA expression of occludin and ZO-1 in the jejunal epithelium, as well as of claudin-1, claudin-4, and ZO-1 in the ileal epithelium. Moreover, the HG diet caused an increase in the mRNA expression of IL-1ß, IL-2, and IFN-γ in the jejunal epithelium, but a higher expression of IL-2 and IFN-γ in the ileal epithelium. Correlation analysis revealed that the alteration of lipopolysaccharide levels and mucosa-associated bacterial community might partly contribute to changes in the expression of the epithelial cytokines in the jejunum and ileum during HG feeding. These findings suggest that microbiota residing in the small intestine provide essential health benefits to host dairy cattle.


Asunto(s)
Bacterias , Dieta , Grano Comestible , Mucosa Intestinal , Intestino Delgado , Animales , Bacterias/aislamiento & purificación , Bacterias/metabolismo , Bovinos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinaria , Femenino , Expresión Génica , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiología , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/microbiología , Lipopolisacáridos/metabolismo , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo , Proteínas de Uniones Estrechas/genética , Proteínas de Uniones Estrechas/metabolismo
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(22): 1660-1665, 2022 Jun 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692018

RESUMEN

Objectives: To investigate the feasibility of using a porcine fibrin sealant to wrap and remove kidney calculi fragments through an isolated porcine kidney model. Methods: In the isolated porcine kidney stone model (implanted with 100 mg, air dried, ≤1 mm human stone fragments, n=6;implanted with 100 mg, air dried, ≤3 mm human stone fragments, n=6), the ureteral soft mirror combined with the 12/14Fr UAS was used to test the effect of stone extraction using only two stone extraction methods: basket extraction (control group, ≤1 mm stone fragments, n=3; ≤3 mm stone fragments, n=3) and basket-sealant extraction (test group, ≤1 mm stone fragments, n=3; ≤3 mm stone fragments, n=3). Compare the stone removal rate and operation time of the two stone retrieval methods. The sealant was put into urine of normal human and observed. Results: Porcine Fibrin Sealant can form a gel in saline and urine and adhere and wrap stone fragments. The time of procedures of test (basket-sealant) and control (basket) group in kidneys implanted with ≤ 1 mm stone fragments were (14.0±4.2) and (29.0±0.7)min (P<0.05) stone clearance rates were (90.9±1.4)% and (48.4±15.7)% (P<0.05), respectively. In kidneys implanted with ≤ 3 mm fragments, time of procedures were (12.8±4.0) and (30.0±0)min (P<0.05) Stone clearance rates were (91.1±5.0)% and (20.7±8.0)% (P<0.05). The Sealant dissolves by itself in normal human urine and normal saline at 37 ℃ for 24 hours. Conclusion: The appropriate concentration of Porcine Fibrin Sealant assisted stone retrieval may become a new method for removing small stone fragments in retrograde intrarenal surgery.


Asunto(s)
Cálculos Renales , Litotricia , Cálculos Ureterales , Animales , Adhesivo de Tejido de Fibrina , Riñón , Cálculos Renales/cirugía , Porcinos , Cálculos Ureterales/terapia , Ureteroscopía/métodos
11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545601

RESUMEN

Hexazinone is a post-emergence herbicide/arboricides, and its acute poisoning has rarely been reported. Hexazinone is low-toxic to humans, but mass intake of hexazinone would still lead to organ impairment. This article analyzes a case of acute hexazinone poisoning from the poisoning treatment center of our hospital, and summarizes the symptoms and treatment effects of hexazinone poisoning, which is aimed at improving the comprehension, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Asunto(s)
Herbicidas , Intoxicación , Administración Oral , Humanos , Triazinas
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(8): 2712-2720, 2022 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503616

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of ALDH2 on PC12 cells and brain nerve tissue injury under hypoxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hypoxia model of PC12 cells with low ALDH2 expression was established and screened. The eukaryotic expression vector of wild type pEGFP-N1-ALDH2 and blank plasmid pEGFP-N1 were constructed and transfected into PC12 hypoxia cells respectively. After reoxygenation culture, the morphology, quantity, ALDH2 expression level and apoptosis rate of the two groups were observed, and the role of ALDH2 in cell hypoxia injury was analyzed. Eighty SD rats were randomly divided into model group (ischemia-reperfusion injury group), Alda-1 group (intraperitoneal injection of alda-1 12 hours before and after modeling), DMSO group (intraperitoneal injection of dimethyl sulfoxide) and sham operation group, with 20 rats in each group. The neurobehavioral score, apoptosis rate of nerve cells, the content and activity of ALDH2 in active cerebral cortex and hippocampal CA1 area were compared. RESULTS: The number of PC12 cells in hypoxia group was lower than that in control group. The expression level of ALDH2 protein in PC12 cells after 4 hours of hypoxia was lower than that in normal culture group. The number of PC12 cells transfected with wild-type recombinant plasmid was significantly more than that of blank plasmid group. Compared with the hypoxia group, the pre apoptotic and post apoptotic cells in wild type transfection group decreased after hypoxia treatment. Compared with sham operation group, nerve injury and apoptosis were increased in group M and DMSO, while ALDH2 activity and expression did not change significantly. Compared with M group and DMSO group, the nerve injury and apoptosis in Alda-1 group were improved, ALDH2 activity was increased, and ALDH2 expression was not significantly changed in Alda-1 group. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing the expression of ALDH2 or enhancing the activity of ALDH2 can improve the injury of neurons induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation.


Asunto(s)
Aldehído Deshidrogenasa Mitocondrial , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Hipoxia/metabolismo , Neuronas/metabolismo , Aldehído Deshidrogenasa Mitocondrial/genética , Animales , Apoptosis , Línea Celular , Dimetilsulfóxido/farmacología , Oxígeno/metabolismo , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
13.
Anim Biosci ; 2022 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507864

RESUMEN

Objective: A series of experiment were conducted to evaluate the effects of replacing a part of soybean meal (SBM) at 6% of broiler diets with fermented soybean meal (FSBM) obtained by single or two-stage fermentation by measuring growth performance, antioxidant activity in the jejunum and distal intestinal microflora. Methods: SBM samples were prepared by single-stage fermentation using Bacillus velezensis (Bv) (FSBMB), or Lactobacillus spp. (as commercial control) (FSBML). Additional SBM sample was prepared by two-stage fermentation using Bacillus velezensis (Bv) and subsequently using Lactobacillus brevis ATCC 367 (Lb) (FSBMB+L. Enzyme activity, chemical composition, trichloroethanoic acid-nitrogen solubility index (TCA-NSI) and antioxidant activity were measured. Then, in an in vivo study, 320 Ross308 broilers were divided into four groups with ad libitum supply of feed and water. Four groups were fed either a corn-soybean meal diet (SBM), or one of fermented SBM diets (FSBMB+L, FSBMB, and FSBML). Growth, serum characteristics, microflora, and the mRNA expression of selected genes were measured. Results: Compared to SBM, FSBMB+L contained lower galacto-oligosaccharide, allergic protein, and trypsin inhibitor, and higher TCA-NSI by about three times (p<0.05). Reducing power and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging ability correlated positively with the TCA-NSI content in FSBM. Growth performances were not significantly different among four groups. In jejunum of 35-day-old broilers, partial replacement of SBM by FSBMB+L increased the activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase, and the FSBMB group had the highest catalase activity (p<0.05). Partial replacement of SBM by FSBM increased relative mRNA expressions of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and peptide transporter 1 (PepT1) (p<0.05); however, FSBMB+L increased CAT mRNA level to 5 times of the control (p<0.05). Conclusion: Using Bv- and Lb-processed SBM through two-stage fermentation to partially replace 6% of diets will improve the gut's antioxidant activity under commercial breeding in broilers.

14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(5): 416-424, 2022 May 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615798

RESUMEN

Objective: To describe the actual efficacy of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and explore potential prognostic predictive biomarkers. Methods: Patients with metastatic NSCLC who were treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2016 to December 2019, either as monotherapy or in combination with other agents, were consecutively enrolled into this study. We retrospectively collected the data of demographics, clinical information and pathologic assessment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and conduct the survival analysis. Major endpoint of our study is progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints include objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and overall survival (OS). Results: The ORR of 174 patients who underwent PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor was 28.7%, and the DCR was 79.3%. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) occurred in 23 patients (13.2%). Brain metastasis, line of treatment, and treatment patterns were associated with the ORR of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (P<0.05). After a median follow-up duration of 18.8 months, the median PFS was 10.5 months (ranged from 1.5 to 40.8 months) while the median OS was not reached. The 2-year survival rate was estimated to be 63.0%. The pathologic type was related with the PFS of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (P=0.028). Sex, age, brain metastasis and autoimmune diseases were associated with OS (P<0.05). Analysis of the receptor characteristic curve (ROC) of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicting ORR of immunotherapy in metastatic NSCLC showed that the areas under the curve of NLR before immunotherapy (NLR(C0)), NLR after one cycle of immunotherapy (NLR(C1)) and ΔNLR were 0.600, 0.706 and 0.628, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that NLR(C1) was an independent factor of the ORR of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (OR=0.161, 95% CI: 0.062-0.422), and the efficacy of combination therapy was better than that of single agent (OR=0.395, 95% CI: 0.174-0.896). The immunotherapy efficacy in patients without brain metastasis was better than those with metastasis (OR=0.291, 95% CI: 0.095-0.887). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that NLR(C1) was an independent influencing factor of PFS of metastatic NSCLC patients after immunotherapy (HR=0.480, 95% CI: 0.303-0.759). Sex (HR=0.399, 95% CI: 0.161-0.991, P=0.048), age (HR=0.356, 95% CI: 0.170-0.745, P=0.006) were independent influencing factors of OS of metastatic NSCLC patients after immunotherapy. Conclusions: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are proved to be efficacious and have tolerable toxicities for patients with metastatic NSCLC. Patients at advanced age could still benefit from immunotherapy. Brain metastasis is related to compromised response. Earlier application of immunotherapy in combination with other modalities enhances the efficacy without elevating risk of irAEs. NLR(C1) is an early predictor of clinical outcome. The OS of patients younger than 75 years may be improved when treated with immunotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/patología , Humanos , Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patología , Pronóstico , Receptor de Muerte Celular Programada 1 , Estudios Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(4): 355-361, 2022 Apr 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381632

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the influenza and pneumonia vaccination rates in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and analyze the factors affecting vaccination. Methods: Totally 4 016 COPD patients at the initial visit were included in the Respiratory Department of Xiangya Second Hospital of Central South University from December, 2016 to December, 2019. Each patient's vaccination status after the visit for 1 year was reviewed, and finally 3 177 patients were included in the analysis. Relevant factors affecting vaccination were analyzed with logistic regression. Results: The overall vaccination rates of COPD patients with influenza vaccine, pneumonia vaccine and influenza combined pneumonia vaccine were 2.3% (72/3 177), 1.1% (34/3 177) and 1.1% (34/3 177), respectively. The influenza vaccination rate of urban patients (3.3%, 41/1 252) was higher than that of rural patients (1.6%, 31/1 925,P=0.002). The rates of influenza vaccine, pneumonia vaccine and influenza combined pneumonia vaccine in ex-smokers with COPD were 3.3% (33/993), 2.1% (21/993), 2.1% (21/993), respectively and 1.7% (25/1 467), 0.7% (11/1 467), 0.7% (11/1 467), in current smokers with COPD, respectively (P=0.034, P=0.015, P=0.015, respectively). The influenza vaccination rate was higher in patients with COPD assessment test (CAT) scored less than 10 (4%, 27/673) than patients with CAT scored more than 10 (1.8%, 45/2 504,P=0.002). In a multifactor analysis, patients who lived in country side, were current smokers, and had more symptoms were less likely to be vaccinated, with an aOR 1.73(95%CI 1.02-2.93), 2.10(95%CI 1.18-3.76), 2.06(95%CI 1.24-3.43), respectively. 81.2% of COPD patients did not receive the vaccine because they did not know the vaccine. Conclusions: Vaccination rates for influenza vaccine, pneumonia vaccine and both of them in COPD patients were low and the patients lacked knowledge of vaccine. The residence, smoking status and symptoms were related to the vaccination of COPD patients, and these should be taken into account in the vaccination health education.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la Influenza , Gripe Humana , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Gripe Humana/prevención & control , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/diagnóstico , Vacunación
16.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 43(3): 402-409, 2022 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35241421

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While three-dimensional susceptibility-weighted imaging has been widely suggested for intracranial vessel imaging, hemorrhage detection, and other neuro-diseases, its relatively long scan time has necessitated the clinical verification of recent progresses of fast imaging techniques. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of brain SWI accelerated by compressed sensitivity encoding to identify the optimal acceleration factors for clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-nine subjects, prospectively enrolled from 5 centers, underwent 8 brain SWI sequences: 5 different folds of compressed sensitivity encoding acceleration (CS2, CS4, CS6, CS8, and CS10), 2 different folds of sensitivity encoding acceleration (SF2 and SF4), and 1 without acceleration. Images were assessed quantitatively on both the SNR of the red nucleus and its contrast ratio to the CSF and, subjectively, with scoring on overall image quality; visibility of the substantia nigra-red nucleus, basilar artery, and internal cerebral vein; and diagnostic confidence of the cerebral microbleeds and other intracranial diseases. RESULTS: Compressed sensitivity encoding showed a promising ability to reduce the acquisition time (from 202 to 41 seconds) of SWI while increasing the acceleration factor from 2 to 10, though at the cost of decreasing the SNR, contrast ratio, and the scores of visual assessments. The visibility of the substantia nigra-red nucleus and internal cerebral vein became unacceptable in CS6 to CS10. The basilar artery was well-distinguished, and diseases including cerebral microbleeds, cavernous angiomas, intracranial gliomas, venous malformations, and subacute hemorrhage were well-diagnosed in all compressed sensitivity encoding sequences. CONCLUSIONS: Compressed sensitivity encoding factor 4 is recommended in routine practice. Compressed sensitivity encoding factor 10 is potentially a fast surrogate for distinguishing the basilar artery and detecting susceptibility-related abnormalities (eg, cerebral microbleeds, cavernous angiomas, gliomas, and venous malformation) at the sacrifice of visualization of the substantia nigra-red nucleus and internal cerebral vein.


Asunto(s)
Glioma , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Aceleración , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Estudios Prospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(3): 276-281, 2022 Mar 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279991

RESUMEN

Objective: To better understand the clinical characteristics of pulmonary nocardiosis associated with bronchiectasis. Methods: Patients diagnosed as bronchiectasis complicated with pulmonary nocardiosis in 9 tertiary general hospitals in China were enrolled from March 2016 to March 2020, with the record of general data, imaging performance and pathogen. The literature was reviewed. Results: Totally 17 patients were included. There were 12 females and 5 males. The ages ranged from 45 to 79 years, with an average of (63±9) years. There were 15 nonsmokers and 2 smokers, all of whom with chronic course. The clinical manifestations were mostly cough, expectoration, hemoptysis, fever, and dyspnea. The imaging manifestation was bronchiectasis in both lungs, with the most common involvement in the left lower lung, right middle lobe and left lingual lobe. Sputum cultures were positive in 10 cases, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cultures were positive in 6 cases, and next generation gene sequencings were positive in 4 cases, including 2 cases of Nocardia gelsenkii, 2 cases of Nocardia abscess, 2 cases of Nocardia stellate, 1 case of Nocardia mexicana, 1 case of Nocardia otitis caviae, and 9 cases of undetermined Nocardia. There were 3 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae, 2 cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 2 cases of Aspergillus. The symptoms and imaging of all patients were improved after anti Nocardia therapy. Conclusions: Bronchiectasis combined with nocardiosis is more common in middle-aged and elderly women without smoking, which is similar to the clinical manifestations of Lady Windermere syndrome. Bronchiectasis often involves the left lower lobe, right middle lobe and left lingual lobe. Nocardia infection might further precipitate the initiation and progression of bronchiectasis.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Nocardiosis , Neumonía , Anciano , Bronquiectasia/diagnóstico , Femenino , Hemoptisis/complicaciones , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nocardiosis/diagnóstico , Esputo
18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35255556

RESUMEN

Objective: To study the effects of vibration on the expression of mitochondrial fusion and fission genes and ultrastructure of skeletal muscle in rabbits. Methods: Thirty-two 3.5-month-old New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into low-intensity group, medium-intensity group, high-intensity group and control group, with 8 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in the experimental group were subjected to hind limb vibration load test for 45 days. The vibration intensity of the high intensity group was 12.26 m/s(2), the medium intensity group was 6.13 m/s(2), and the low intensity group was 3.02 m/s(2) according to the effective value of weighted acceleration[a(hw (4))] for 4 hours of equal energy frequency. The control group was exposed to noise only in the same experimental environment as the medium-intensity group. The noise levels of each group were measured during the vibration load experiment. After the test, the mRNA expression of mitochondrial fusion gene (Mfn1/Mfn2) and fission gene (Fis1, Drp1) by RT-PCR in the skeletal muscles were measured and the ultrastructure of the skeletal muscles were observed in high intensity group. Results: The mRNA expression of mitochondrial in the skeletal muscle tissues of control group, low intensity group, medium intensity group and high intensity group were Mfn1: 3.25±1.36, 3.85±1.90, 4.53±2.31 and 11.63±7.68; Mfn2: 0.68±0.25, 1.02±0.40, 0.94±0.33 and 1.40±0.45; Fis1: 1.05±0.62, 1.15±0.59, 1.53±1.06 and 2.46±1.51 and Drp1: 3.72±1.76, 2.91±1.63, 3.27±2.01 and 4.21±2.46, respectively. Compared with the control group, the expressions of Mfn1 mRNA, Mfn2 mRNA and Fis1 mRNA in the high-intensity group increased significantly (P<0.05) , and the expressions of Mfn2 mRNA in the medium-intensity group and the low-intensity group increased significantly (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the ultrastructure of skeletal muscle of high intensity group showed mitochondrial focal accumulation, cristae membrane damage, vacuole-like changes; Z-line irregularity of muscle fibers, and deficiency of sarcomere. Conclusion: Vibration must be lead to the abnormal mitochondrial morphology and structure and the disorder of energy metabolism due to the expression imbalance of mitochondrial fusion and fission genes in skeletal muscles of rabbits, which may be an important target of vibration-induced skeletal muscle injury.


Asunto(s)
Dinámicas Mitocondriales , Vibración , Animales , Miembro Posterior/metabolismo , Mitocondrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriales/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriales/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriales/farmacología , Músculo Esquelético , Conejos , Vibración/efectos adversos
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(6): 418-422, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35144341

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in elderly multipara women in the next pregnancy. Methods: A total of 219 elderly multipara women with 2 consecutive delivery records in Tianjin Binhai New Area Tanggu Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from January 2018 to May 2019 were included. Among them, 141 had normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and 78 of them had GDM. The clinical data of the previous and current pregnancy were collected to analyze the risk factors of GDM in elderly multipara women. Results: The average ages of 219 elderly women in previous pregnancy and this pregnancy were (31.9±2.2) and (36.7±1.5) years old, and the prevalence of GDM was 35.62% (78 cases). Compared to NGT group, GDM patients had higher fasting blood glucose(previous (5.51±1.43) vs (4.63±0.62) mmol/L; current (5.26±0.63) vs (4.59±0.30) mmol/L, 1 h blood glucose(previous (11.74±2.36) vs (9.50±1.82) mmol/L; current (11.03±2.03) vs (9.51±1.14) mmol/L) in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in both previous and current pregnancy. The rates of cesarean section, in both previous and current pregnancy were higher in GDM group (previous 34.6% vs 4.3%; current 52.6% vs 22.0%). Furthermore, prenatal weight and body mass index (BMI) of the previous pregnancy, pre-pregnancy weight and BMI, and prenatal BMI of this pregnancy were also higher in GDM group, and the differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis indicated cesarean section history (OR=10.80, 95%CI: (4.09-28.54)), GDM history of previous pregnancy (OR=10.64, 95%CI: (4.02-28.20)), 75 g OGTT fasting blood glucose≥ 4.86 mmol/L (OR=2.70, 95%CI: (1.27-5.70)), 1 h blood glucose after glucose administration ≥ 8.45 mmol/L (OR=1.78, 95%CI: (1.37-2.31)) were risk factors for GDM in elderly multipara women of this pregnancy. Conclusion: The risk of GDM in elderly multipara women with a history of cesarean section and GDM increases significantly. Results of OGTT in previous pregnancy also has predictive value.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Gestacional , Anciano , Glucemia , Cesárea , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiología , Femenino , Prueba de Tolerancia a la Glucosa , Humanos , Embarazo , Factores de Riesgo
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(1): 14-21, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130647

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze mortality and its trend of chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) in China from 1990 to 2019. Methods: Based on the provincial results of China from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the average annual percent change (AAPC) of standardized mortality rates of different CRDs were analyzed by using Joinpoint 4.8.0.1, and the age-standardized mortality rate of CRD was calculated by using the GBD 2019 world standard population. Based on the comparative risk assessment theory of GBD, the attributable deaths due to 12 CRD risk factors were estimated, including smoking, indoor air pollution, occupational gas exposure, particulates and smog exposure, environmental particulate pollution, low temperature, passive smoking, ozone pollution, occupational exposure to silica, occupational asthma, high body mass index, high temperature and occupational exposure to asbestos. Results: From 1990 to 2019, the number of deaths and standardized mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) showed a downward trend (P<0.001). The number of COPD deaths decreased from 1 244 000 (912 000 - 1 395 000) in 1990 to 1 037 000 (889 000 - 1 266 000) in 2019. AAPC=-0.9% (95%CI: -1.5% - -0.3%), P<0.001; The standardized mortality rate decreased from 217.9/100 000 (163.3/100 000 - 242.0/100 000) in 1990 to 65.2/100 000 (55.5/100 000 - 80.1/100 000) in 2019. AAPC= -4.2% (95%CI:-5.2% - -3.2%), P<0.001. The number of deaths from asthma decreased from 40 000 (30 000 - 58 000) in 1990 to 25 000 (20 000 - 31 000) in 2019. AAPC=-2.0% (95%CI: -2.6% - -1.4%), P<0.001; The standardized mortality rate of asthma decreased from 6.4/100 000 (4.7/100 000 - 9.5/100 000) in 1990 to 1.5/100 000 (1.2/100 000 - 1.9/100 000) in 2019. AAPC=-5.1% (95%CI: -5.8% - -4.4%), P<0.001. The number of pneumoconiosis deaths decreased from 11 000 (8 000 - 14 000) in 1990 to 10 000 (8 000 - 14 000) in 2019, AAPC=-0.2%(95%CI:-0.4% - 0.1%), P=0.200; The standardized mortality rate of pneumoconiosis decreased from 1.4/100 000 (1.0/100 000 - 1.7/100 000) in 1990 to 0.5/100 000 (0.4/100 000 - 0.7/100 000) in 2019. AAPC=-3.1% (95%CI: -3.4% - -2.8%), P<0.001. The number of deaths from pulmonary interstitial diseases and pulmonary sarcoidosis increased from 3 000 (3 000 - 6 000) in 1990 to 8 000 (6 000 - 10 000) in 2019, AAPC=3.5% (95%CI: 2.7% - 4.2%), P<0.001; The corresponding standardized mortality rate changed little from 1990 to 2019, and AAPC was not statistically significant.The age-standardized mortality rates of different CRDs were higher in men than those in women. In 1990 and 2019, the mortality rates of COPD, asthma, pneumoconiosis and interstitial pulmonary disease and pulmonary sarcoidosis increased with age. In 2019, the population attributable fractions (PAFs) for smoking, environmental particulate pollution, occupational gas exposure, particulate and smog exposure, low temperature exposure and passive smoking were 71.1% (68.0% - 74.3%), 24.7% (20.1% - 30.0%), 19.3% (13.0% - 25.4%), 15.7% (13.6% - 18.3%) and 8.8% (4.5% - 13.1%) respectively in men, and the PAFs for environmental particulate pollution, smoking, low temperature exposure, occupational gas exposure, particulate and smog exposure, and passive smoking were 24.1% (19.6% - 29.3%), 21.9% (18.7% - 25.2%), 16.4% (14.0% - 19.2%), 15.6% (10.2% - 21.1%) and 14.7% (7.9% - 21.3%) respectively in women. Conclusions: During 1990-2019, the overall death level of CRD decreased significantly in China, but it is still at high level in the world. Active prevention and control measures should be taken to reduce the death level caused by CRD.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Carga Global de Enfermedades , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidad , Años de Vida Ajustados por Calidad de Vida
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